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Контрольный срез по лексико-грамматическому материалу английского языка за IV семестр

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Вариант I

Контроль лексико-грамматического материала

  1. Выберете правильный вариант ответа:

1. Tom usually ... football.

a) is playing b) play с) plays

2. What language he ... now ?

a) speaks b) is speaking c) speak

3. I … visit my granny tomorrow.

a) will b) am c) have

4. We ... in the Olympic Games last year.

a) take part b) took part c) will take part

5. Mozart... more than 600 pieces of music last century.

a) writes b) wrote c) will write

6. ... you have time to write her next week?

a) do b) did c) will

7. There ... many children in the hall last time.

a) are b) were c) will be

8. I...already … to London.

a) have was b) have been c) has been

9. My friends ... to the theatre yesterday.

a) went b) have gone c) are going

10. They.... a new car next year.

a) will buy b) buy c) have bought

II. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на следующие за ним вопросы, выбрав единственно правильный вариант ответа

  1. Переведите текст на русский язык:


Foundation

It is a well-known fact that every building needs permanent stability. In order to have stability, buildings should have foundations. We know that the function of a foundation is to transfer the loads of a building into the soil. Foundations keep the walls and the floors of buildings from direct contact with the soil. They guard the walls and the floors against the action of the weather- rain, snow, and wind. They also guard buildings against sinking that may cause cracks in the walls.

What kinds of loads are supported by foundations? A foundation may support different kinds of loads. Among them there are dead loads and live loads. The dead load of a building includes the weights of the ceilings, the frame, the floor, roofs and the walls. Besides, every modern building is know to have water, electricity, heating, ventilation and dispose of waste systems and, accordingly, their equipment. The dead load also includes the weights of this electrical and mechanical equipment and the weight of the foundation itself. As to the live load, it includes the sum of the weights of the people and other living beings, the furnishings, and equipment they use. The live load also includes snow, ice, and water of the roof.

  1. Ответьте на вопросы:


  1. Does every building need stability?

  2. What functions of a foundation do you know?

  3. What may cause cracking in the walls of buildings?

  4. What are the loads supported by foundations?

  5. What parts does dead load (live load) include?

  1. Выпишите английские эквиваленты из текста:


стены и пол

прямой контакт с почвой

трещины

поддерживать

собственный вес

современные здания

механическое оборудование

потолок

крыша

Вариант II

  1. Выберете правильный вариант ответа:

1. My grandmother usually … very tasty cake.

a) baked b) bake c) bakes

2. My friends just ... London.

a) will visit b) visited c) have visited

3. The sun always……. in the west.

a) set b) was setting c) sets

4. I … text at this moment.

a) am translating b) is translating c) are translating

5. They … already … their homework.

a) will done b) has done c) have done

6. We … to the college now.

a) was going b) is going c) are going

7. Last summer my parents…….. to America.

a) travel b) traveled c) will travel

8. The man……..to the hospital after the accident two days ago.

a) went b) goes c) go

9. Kate … me tomorrow.

a) call b) called c) will call

10. The businessman ……… the delegation next week.

a) meets b) met c) will meet

II. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на следующие за ним вопросы, выбрав единственно правильный вариант ответа

1. Переведите текст на русский язык:

Timber

Timber belongs to one of the oldest building materials. It has been from ancient times and is still produced from cut wood. Timber has always been highly usable in construction because of its many advantages. To these belong its strength, light weight, cheapness, and high workability. Its other advantage is that it belongs to natural resources and is naturally renewable. It is the more so that about a third of the world is still considered to be covered with forests. Besides, timber is resistant to corrosion produced by chemical substances in the modern polluted atmosphere. One more advantage of timber is that it can be used for many construction purposes. But, naturally, timber has disadvantages and the main ones are that it is not fire-resistant and it easily decays; especially if it is not impregnated.

What is timber mainly used for? Because of its many advantages it is highly used for producing window and floor frames, for flooring and roofing and for other various woodwork. The two main types of timber are hardwoods and softwoods. Of them, hardwoods are popular as materials used for decorative purposes: veneering in furniture and paneling. As to softwoods, they are mainly used for producing window and door frames and other kinds woodwork.

2. Ответьте на вопросы:


  1. What structural materials does timber belong to?

  2. What is it produced from?

  3. What are the main advantages (disadvantages) of timber?

  4. What are the two main types of timber?

  5. What are softwoods (hardwoods) used for?


3. Выпишите английские эквиваленты из текста:


строительные материалы

устойчив к коррозии

недостатки

огнеустойчивый

мебель

изготовление окон

загрязненная атмосфера

твёрдая древесина

для декоративных целей




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Автор
Дата добавления 30.09.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Тесты
Просмотров125
Номер материала ДБ-227683
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