A Story of Hollywood
The world capital of filmed entertainment Los Angeles has been a lot of things over the past 100 years. First, it was a little city with orange forest and great weather. But, one day in 1908 a group of people from Chicago came to Los Angeles to shoot a film. Since that day a lot of directors, producers, actors and thousands of other workers have been coming to Los Angeles. In 1911 the first studio appeared in Hollywood (a part of Los Angeles).
In the 1920s Hollywood made 80% of the world's films. Silent and black-and-white films of those early years starring Mary Pickford and Charlie Chaplin were forced out by sound films in the middle of the 1920s. Full-length films came up to take place of short films. And the first colour film, Gone With the Wind, was shot in 1939. This film brought a great success to Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable who starred in the film. The number of the studios grew very quickly. They combined in large corporations and now the biggest film companies are MGM, Paramount, 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Warner Bros, and Universal.
The first genres of American films were melodrama, western and comedy, later appeared adventure and historical films. But now the range of genres is much richer. Hollywood got the name of the factory of dreams. It is associated with wealth and paradise of sun and palm trees. But it is only a façade for a darker truth.
A History of Russian Cinematography
The spreading of cinematography in Russia started with the demonstration of the Lumiére brothers' film in May 1896 in St. Petersburg and Moscow and later in Nizhniy Novgorod. Film making industry developed mainly in St. Petersburg and in Moscow and its development is firmly connected with the name of A. Khanzhonkov who founded the first film studios. In the '20s the stars of silent films were V. Kholodnaya, V. Polonski, V. Mashkov and others. The most popular genres of Russian films were historic films and screen versions of famous novels, such as Aelita by A. Tolstoy, and The Quiet Don by M.Sholokhov. The first sound films simultaneously appeared in three countries, the USSR, USA and Germania at the end of the 1920s. In October 1929 the first sound cinema house started its work. Great attention was paid to films for children. One of the most famous directors is A.Rou, the creator of fairy tales. And another famous actor and director whose name is inseparably linked with children's films is R. Bykov. Several generations of children enjoy his films Attention! The Tortoise and Aibolit 66. The names of N. Mikhalkov, A. Konchalovski and A. Tarkovski are known all over the world as the creators of unforgettable, realistic pieces of art.
1. What kind of films do you like/dislike?
1. What is special about such films?
stuffed with events fights of different types
full of special effects They have a mysterious plot
They are realistic/unrealistic It has a dynamic story
It is true to life funny/dramatic situations
full of tears a lot of music/dancing/singing
(a) story(ies) about love
(a) romance(s) for girls
life of famous people
It is about traveling to …
They are about adventures in the sea/space
2. What is positive about such films?
to defend justice
to defend the weak and offended
It teaches you love for …
They teach you to be kind and patient
to find your way in life
to believe in love/reality
to be proud of something
3. What is negative about such films?
They teach you to be passive
It teaches you to be indifferent
to believe in unreal things
4. How do you like such films?
They are impressive/extraordinary/splendid/not bad
It is nothing special/nothing to write home about
5. How do you feel about such films?
They keeps(s) you in suspense laugh/cry/happy/smile
It grab(s) (catches) your attention feel calm/sick/yawn
It makes you want to hide/miserable
They are touching/moving/frightening unhappy/nervous/bored
It is funny/serious/entertaining want to scream
exciting/boring/melancholic I couldn't help crying/laughing/yawning
What types of films do these people talk about? Use the names of genres instead of dots.
– What do you think of the film?
– Oh, it was extremely good! I was kept in uncertainly up to the end. The story line was so
– Yes, … always keep audience in suspense. And this one is a really good … .
b) – It is a pretty good film. The story line is simple but touching.
– Yes, the plot is really very simple but … don't need to be complicated and mysterious. Usually
they are naive but we like them for it.
– Do you like the film?
– Oh, yes. It was really good. I like films which are full of fights and adventures.
– Oh yes, you do. And this one was really stuffed with fights. I think there were too many of
– You simply don't like … I guess.
3. Here are some teenager's opinions about action films. Which of them are
for and which of them are against action films?
Action films are rotten.
They make you want to hide.
They teach you to defend those who are weak and in danger.
They are very impressive.
You get accustomed to violence very quickly.
Action films are a good way to relax.
They are full of extraordinary fights.
They are stuffed with shooting and killings.
If you watch too much violence, you become cruel.
They are dangerous for young children.
They demonstrate the physical abilities of man.
4. Match different kinds of TV programmes with their descriptions.
documentary a) factual film about animals and plants
the news b) informal talk, usually with famous people
chat show c) the latest events in the world and in your country
soap opera d) non-fiction film based on real events
nature programme e) drama, usually about family life; often weekly
weather forecast f) advertisement
commercial g) information about temperature, wind, rain, sun and so
5. Write definitions for the following kinds of films using the phrases below.
has a serious story often has an exciting story
has cowboys in it about crime and police
makes you laugh has lots of exiting action
has a story about love is about police and detectives
is about space and the future
An adventure film has lots of exciting action.
A comedy ___________________________.
A drama ____________________________.
A thriller ____________________________.
A western ___________________________.
A romance __________________________.
A crime story ________________________.
A science fiction _____________________.
6. Cinema combines different arts. That's why people of different professions
are involved in film making. Who are these people? Match the name of the
professions and what they do.
a) camera operator b) actor c) electrician
d) costume designer e) make-up artist
f) boom operator g) sound mixer h) director
i) stuntman/-woman j) editor
k) director of photography l) producer
has general control of the money for a film but he doesn't direct the actors
fixes the lights and all other electrical equipment
is the boss and tells everybody what to do. He works very closely with the actors in particular
looks through the camera, and operates the equipment
decides the position of the camera, and everything to do with light, colour, quantity and direction
writes scripts for films, shows
holds the microphone
does all the dangerous things on the screen instead of actors
chooses the best bits of the shooting film, cuts film and puts the bits together
operates the microphones and gets very angry with people who makes noises during the filming
pretends to be another person and acts in a film
prepares costumes: dresses, suits for films
can make a new face for an actor
7. Here is a short review of the achievements of Australian cinematography.
Fill in the gaps in the story using the words from the box.
adventures The Piano shooted films prize
Crocodile Dandee dancers film industry
directors directed the government Hollywood
Australian film industry is as old as _____________. Australians make a lot of good __________. They are proud of their ___________ and ____________ gives money to the film companies. Australian films are known all over the world. There are some big international successes such as the ___________________ film, about the ___________________ in Australia and Strictly Ballroom – a wonderful story about young ____________. ____________ which is ___________ by Jane Campion, won the main ___________ at the Cannes Film Festival in 1993. one of the most famous Australian ___________ is Peter Weir. He ___________ Picnic at Hanging Rock. It is a story about a group of schoolgirls who disappeared after a picnic.
What kind of films do you like to watch? Add the word film where necessary.
I like different films: ______________________ musical ___________
_______________________________________ thriller ____________
I like ___________________________________ feature ____________
My favourite films are _____________________ comedy ___________
_______________________________________ action _____________
I hate __________________________________ documentary _______
love story __________
science fiction _______
screen version of a novel
Do the crossword. Find the following words. You can look for them in these
ways and other variations.
насилие (жестокость) оператор выдающийся
зрители детектив снимать сюжет
музыкальный фильм ужасный представление комедия
P E E D E E R R O U
F R C N T D E O S T
O R M A E C C T T A
M A L V I T I I D N
U C E L O E V N G P
S I N C E S O T O L
A E E L C H O Y T T
U C N B O M E D E H
D I E I O R A R A T
H O R R P E T O E R
Choose the words from the box and put them into the gaps and find out what genres these films are.
Criminals and detectives/vampires and werewolves/ music and singing/fights and shooting
True to life/boring/moving/dynamic
Couldn't help crying/couldn't help yawning/made me want to laugh/made me want to scream
I. Yesterday I saw a 1) _____________ film. I've never seen such a 2) ____________ story before. The film was stuffed with the adventures of the unusual things such as 3) __________and _________. They were so 4) ____________ that they 5) __________ and hide. But I adore such films.
The girls saw _____________
II Some days ago I saw a 1) ___________ film. It was a 2) __________ story. There were a lot of 3) ____________ and ______________. It was so 4) ___________ that I 5) ____________ but the happy end of the film made me feel wonderful too.
The boys saw _____________
2. thriller; melodrama; action film
4. 1 – d 4 – e 7 – f
2 – c 5 – a
3 – b 6 – g
6. 1 – l 4 – a 7 – f 10 – g 13 – e
2 – c 5 – k 8 – i 11 – b
3 – h 6 – m 9 – j 12 – d
7. Hollywood, films, film industry, the government, Crocodile Dandee, adventures, dancers, The
Piano, directed, prize, directors, shooted
8. musical, thriller, feature film, comedy, action film, documentary (film), detective (film), adventure
film, love story, historical film, melodrama, western, travel film, science fiction ( film), screen
version of a novel.
10. I ) 1) wonderful; 2) mysterious; 3) vampires and werewolves; 4) true to life; 5) made me want to
a horror film
II ) 1) magnificent; 2) romantic; 3) music and singing; 4) moving; 5) couldn't help crying a love
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