Lexical Test on the Topic “Environmental Concerns”
Choose the most appropriate word.
Nowadays, It’s difficult to avoid ecological problems. We are always being told how polluted / pollution is having a harmful effect on our planet. Poisoned / Poisonous gases from factories destroy the oxygen / ozone layer, creating hothouse / greenhouse effect which result in global heating / warming. Acidity / Acid rain is destroying forests. As more and more rainforest / desert is destroyed, the threat to wildly life / wildlife increases, with several dangerous / endangered species already on the point of extinct / extinction. In simple words, we are heading fast towards a planetary environment / environmental disaster.
Guess the word according to its definition:
rain containing acid from atmospheric pollution
wild animals and plants all together
destruction of all the trees in an area
natural home of an animal or plant
having died out
a) Guess the word according to its synonyms:
effect, end, result 3. kind, sort, type
reuse, save, reprocess 4. beyond repair, incurable
b) Try to find as many synonyms and synonymous combinations as possible to the following words:
pollute 2. impact 3. emission
c) Explain the meaning of the following words:
1. rainforest 2. global warming 3. be environment-friendly
Complete the story about the oryx (large African antelope) by putting the verb in brackets into the correct form of the passive.
The oryx used to be common in parts of the Middle East. For many years it 1. (kill) by hunters for its meat skin. By the early 1960s its numbers greatly 2. (reduce) and it was almost extinct. In 1962, a few oryx 3. (take) to the U.S., where they (breed (bred, bred) размножаться) in the zoo. By the early 1970s the last wild oryx 5. (shoot) by hunters. Around 150 oryx 6. (take) from the U.S. zoos and 7. (reintroduce) to protected areas in Jordan, Oman and Israel. Later, some of them 8. (release) from these areas into the wild. For the present, this beautiful animal survives.
Express your opinion on the following:
Treat the Earth well: it was not given to you by your parents but was taken from your children. (African proverb)
There is great wisdom in it, isn’t there? Develop the idea, please.
Pollution, poisonous, ozone, greenhouse, warming, acid, rainforest, wildlife, endangered, extinction, environmental.
1. acid rain
a) 1. consequence
b) 1. contaminate, make filthy, poison, spoil
2. effect, consequences, influence
3. discharge, exhalation, giving off or out
c) 1. A rainforest is a tropical forest where there are many species of plants and animals.
2. Global warming is a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect.
3. Be environment-friendly means to be green, to be friend of the Earth, to take care of the ecological situation of the place you live in. For example, you should keep your yard clean, plant trees, feed birds in winter.
IV. 1. Had been killed, had been reduced, were taken, bred, was shot, were taken, (were) reintroduced, were released.
Данный лексический тест (ответы прилагаются) направлен на тренировку или контроль знания учащимися активного словаря по теме "Проблемы экологии". Тест состоит из 5 заданий. В первом - учащиеся выбирают правильный вариант из предложенных. Во втором и третьем задании учащиеся должны показать умение подбирать синонимы, давать определение словам, объяснять значения слов и выражений. Четвертое задание проверяет знание временных форм английского глагола в рамках изучаемой тематики. Пятое задание носит творческий характер: учащиеся выражают свое мнение по предложенному вопросу.
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