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The Tower, is a historic monument in central London, England on the north bank of the River Thames. It is located within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets and is separated from the eastern edge of the City of London by the open spa*ce known as Tower Hill. The Tower of London is often identified with the White Tower, the original stark square fortress built by William the Conqueror in 1078. However, the Tower as a whole is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat.
The Tower of London is the oldest palace, fortress and prison in Europe. It is one of the most popular museums nowadays. The great central Tower, the White Tower, was built around 1090 by William the Conqueror on the site of a Roman fort built there more than 1000 years earlier. Massive defensive walls and other towers were added later. Through the centuries, the Tower of London has been a citadel, a palace, a prison for offenders against the state, the home of the Mint, a menagerie, and the first royal observatory. Three queens of England have been beheaded within its walls. The Tower's guardians are the Beefeaters who wear splendid scarlet and gold uniforms dating back to Henry the seventh's time.
The Tower bridge. London's best known and most distinctive bridge has straddled the Thames for a century. The twin draw-bridges, each weighing about 1,000 tons, have been raised more than half a million times since the bridge was built. It is a working tribute to Victorian engineering genius. The draw-bridges take just 90 seconds to rise. All the original machinery is still in place with just one concession to modern technology: electric motors now replace the steam engines. Between the massive gothic-style towers that rest on the river bed are walkways, giving superb views of the river and the Tower of London.
Tower Bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London, England over the River Thames. It is close to the Tower of London, which gives it its name. It has become an iconic symbol of London. Tower Bridge is owned and maintained by Bridge House Estates, a charitable trust overseen by the Corporation of London. In the second half of the 19th century, increased commercial development in the East End of London led to a requirement for a new river crossing downstream of London Bridge. A traditional fixed bridge could not be built because it would cut off access to the port facilities in the Pool of London, between London Bridge and the Tower of London.
BUCKINGHAM PALACE In the Middle Ages, Buckingham Palace's site formed part of the Manor of Ebury (also called Eia). The marshy ground was watered by the river Tyburn, which still flows below the courtyard and south wing of the palace. Where the river was fordable - Cow Ford - a village, Eye Cross, grew up. Ownership of the site changed hands many times; owners included Edward the Confessor and his queen consort Edith of Wessex in late Saxon times, and, after the Norman Conquest, William the Conqueror. William gave the site to Geoffrey de Mandeville, who bequeathed it to the monks of Westminster Abbey.
Changing of Guards at the Buckingham Palace
Trafalgar square is the geographical centre of London. It was named in memory of Admiral Nelson's victory in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The tall Nelson's Column stands in the middle of the square.
Westminster Abbey has more historic associations than any other buildings in Britain. Nearly all English kings and queens have been crowned here. Many outstanding statesmen, scientists, writers, poets are buried here: Newton, Darwin, Dickens, etc. Across the road from Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, or the Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Parliament. The Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big hour bell, known as "Big Ben".
The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to by its original name of Westminster Abbey, is mainly a Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and served as one from 1546 - 1556), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. It is the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English monarchs. The only extant depiction of the original Abbey, in the Romanesque style that is called Norman in England, together with the adjacent Palace of Westminster, is in the Bayeux Tapestry. Increased endowments supported a community increased from Dunstan's dozen to about eighty monks.
The London Eye, also known as the Millennium Wheel, is an observation wheel in London, England. At the time it was erected, it was the largest/tallest observation wheel in the world, although there are now larger wheels, such as The Star of Nanchang, which was opened in May 2006. The Singapore Flyer, will have an overall 30 metres more height over the London Eye, is due to open in early 2008.The London Eye has become the most popular paid visitor attraction in the UK, visited by over 3.5 million people a year.The London Eye stands 135 metres (443 ft) high on the western end of Jubilee Gardens, on the South Bank of the River Thames in London, England, between Westminster and Hungerford Bridges.
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Главный политический, экономический и культурный центр Великобритании. Экономика города занимает пятую часть экономики страны. Относится к глобальным городам высшего ранга, ведущим мировым финансовым центрам.
Исторический центр, образованный районами Вестминстер и Сити, сложился в Викторианскую эпоху. Среди единичных построек, уцелевших после пожара 1666 года, — средневековая крепость Тауэр.
Основан около 43 года под названием Лондиниум римлянами вскоре после их вторжения в Британию. В I—III веках — столица римской Британии, с XI—XII веков — Англии, с 1707 года — Великобритании, с XVI по XX век —Британской империи. С 1825 по 1925 год был крупнейшим городом мира.
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