Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Материал для внеклассного занятия по английскому языку посвященного Великой Отечественной Войне на тему "Monument and Memorials"
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Материал для внеклассного занятия по английскому языку посвященного Великой Отечественной Войне на тему "Monument and Memorials"

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Image

Name

Location

Notes

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Monument to the Revolution of the people of Moslavina

Podgarić

Designed by Dušan Džamonja, built in 1967.[1]Dedicated to the people of Moslavina during World War II.[2]

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Monument to the uprising of the people of Kordun and Banija

Petrova Gora

Designed by Vojin Bakić, built in 1982. Dedicated to the people of Kordun and Banija during World War II.

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Borik Memorial Park

Bjelovar

Designed by Vojin Bakić, built in 1947.

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Dudik Memorial Park

Vukovar

Designed by Bogdan Bogdanović, built from 1978 to 1980.

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Batina Battle Memorial Complex

Batina

Designed by Antun Augustinčić, built from 1945 to 1947. Dedicated to fallen soldiers of Yugoslav and Red army during the Battle of Batina.[3]

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Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism

Orebić

Located on the Pelješac peninsula, near the village called Gornje Pijavičino. Dedicated to 395 fallen Yugoslav partisans and civilians killed in Italian and ustasha concentration camps. Designed by Ivan Mitrović and Zlatko Jerić, built in 1983.[4]

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Jasenovac Memorial Area

Jasenovac

Dedicated to concentration camp victims at theJasenovac camp, held by the Ustasha. Designed by Bogdan Bogdanović, built in 1966.[5]

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Monument to Sisak Detachment

Sisak

Designed by Želimir Janeš. Dedicated to the 1st Sisak Partisan Detachment. Built in 1981 on the site of establishment, in the forest of Brezovica.[6]

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Monument of the Revolutionary victory of the people of Slavonia

Kamenska

Dedicated to the Partisan victory in Slavonia. Built in 1968 on the Blažuj hill.[7] It was once the biggest abstract sculpture in the world. The Croatian army destroyed the monument in 1992.[8]

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Kamensko Monument

Kamensko

Abstract. Built in Bijeli potoci area of the Lika region.

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Monument to fallen soldiers of the National Liberation War

Jelovice


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Monument to fallen fighters and victims of Fascist terror

Rovinj

Designed by Ivan Sabolić. Built in 1956.


Monument to fallen fighters

Trpinja


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Monument to fallen fighters

Bobota

Built in 1955.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Đurđevac

Designed by Slavko Šoša, built in 1952.

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Peroj


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Monument to the uprising of the people of Croatia in 1941

Srb

Designed by Vanja Radauš; built in 1951,[9] destroyed in 1995, reconstructed in 2010, reopened in 2011. Dedicated to the antifascist uprising of the local people at 27 July 1941, which quickly spread to whole of Lika and Bosanska Krajina.

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Memorial to victims of fascism killed in Dotršćina

Zagreb

Designed by Vojin Bakić; built in 1968.[10] Dedicated to cca. 10,000 victims of fascism killed by Ustasha in the Dotršćina forest from 1941 to 1945.

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Monument to the Battle of Bolman

Bolman

Designed by Nikola Kečanin; built in 1951. Dedicated to fallen fighters of Yugoslav and Red army in the battle of Bolman in 1944.

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Shooting of hostages

Zagreb

Designed by Frano Kršinić; built in 1951.[11] Dedicated to victims of fascism killed by the Ustasha in Dotršćina, Maksimir and Rakov Potok near Zagreb 1941-1945.

hello_html_m459fc50.jpg

Monument to victims of fascism from Podhum

Platak

Designed by Šime Vulas; built in 1970.[12] Dedicated to residents of Podhum village, who were all killed by Italian fascists in 1942.

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Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism

Pula

Designed by Vanja Radauš; built in 1950.

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Memorial to the liberation of Rijeka

Rijeka

Designed by Vinko Matković; built in 1955.

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Tomb of the People's Heroes

Zagreb

Designed by Đuro Kaurić; built in 1968.

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Monument to the residents of Zagreb fallen in People's liberation struggle 1941-45

Zagreb

Designed by Stevan Luketić; built in 1981.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Zagreb

Designed by Tomislav Ostoja, built in 1972.[13]

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Monument to fallen fighters

Viškovo


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Monument to freedom

Donji Miholjac

Designed by Stjepan Brlošić, built in 1968. Dedicated to fallen fighters and victims of fascism from Donji Miholjac and neighbouring places.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Crikvenica

Designed by Zvonko Car, built in 1949.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Dramalj

Designed by Zvonko Car.

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Monument to the December victims of 1943

Zagreb

Designed by Dušan Džamonja, built in 1961.[14]Dedicated to 16 antifascists that were hung by Ustasha in Dubrava on 20 December in 1943.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Slavonski Brod


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Monument to the children from the Kozara mountain

Zagreb

Designed by Stevan Luketić. Dedicated to more than 400 children that were taken from the Kozara mountain by Ustasha in 1942, and after that confined in many concentration camps (Jasenovac, Lepoglava, Jastrebarsko, etc.) where most of them died.[15]

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Monument to fallen fighters

Šolta


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Monument to fallen fighters

Kraljevica


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Monument to fallen fighters

Drivenik


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Monument to victims of fascism

Lipa

Dedicated to 269 people killed by Italian fascists and German nazists on 30.04.1944.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Lovište


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Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism

Kuna Peliška


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Monument to victims of fascism

Pijavičino


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Monument to fallen fighters

Viganj


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Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism

Ploče


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Monument to fallen fighters

Ston


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Monument “Seagull's wings”

Podgora

Designed by Rajko Radović, built in 1962.[16] Dedicated to the foundation of the Yugoslav partisan navy in 1942.

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Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism

Vodice


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Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism in Zagreb 1941-45

Zagreb

Designed by Branko Ružić.

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Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism from Slabinja

Slabinja

Built in 1981.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Dabar


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Monument to fallen fighters

Novi Vinodolski


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Monument to railway workers fallen in People's liberation struggle

Rijeka


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Monument “Three seamen”

Senj

Dedicated to fallen partisan fighters 1941-45.

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Monument to the uprising

Near Sisak

Designed by Frano Kršinić, built in 1954. Slightly damaged.

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Monument to the liberation of Zagreb

Pleso

Designed by Marijan Burger, built in 1978. Dedicated to the breaking of Ustaša and German defense circle around Zagreb by Yugoslav army units in 1945.[17]

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Monument to fallen fighters

Virovitica

Designed by Dušan Džamonja.


Monument to fallen fighters

Bobota


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Monument to fallen fighters

Županje Selo


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Monument to fallen fighters

Povile

Built in 1981.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Orebić


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Monument to fallen fighters

Kaniža


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Monument to fallen fighters

Zagreb

Dedicated to fallen fighters of Jarun and Staglišće.

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Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism

Slatina

Dedicated to 2500 fallen partisan fighters and 6500 victims of fascism from Slatina and neighbouring places.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Bolman

Dedicated to fallen fighters in the battle of Bolman.

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The Carrying of the Wounded”

Zagreb

Designed by Antun Augustinčić, built in 1953. Dedicated to the students of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Zagreb who have fallen in struggle against fascism.[18]

hello_html_m44d7fe3.jpg

Monument to the Uprising

Drežnica

Designed by Kosta Angeli Radovani, built in 1949.[19]Dedicated to fallen fighters and victims of fascism from Drežnica.

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Šubićevac Memorial Park

Šibenik

Designed by Kosta Angeli Radovani and Zdenko Kolacio, built in 1961.[20] Dedicated to 43 victims who were executed by Italian fascists from 1941 to 1943.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Samobor

Designed by Nikola Njirić.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Kumrovec


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Monument to victims of fascism

Krapinske Toplice

Designed by Antun Augustinčić, built in 1973. Until the 1990s, at the memorial plaque on the monument was writing In the honor of the victims of fascism. After that, it was added ...and of the Homeland war. Partisan star was also replaced by the Coat of arms of Croatia.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Zagreb

Designed by Vanja Radauš.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Zagreb

Built in 1961.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Gaboš


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Memorial water well to Kosta Rakin, Jasenovac concentration camp victim

Markušica

Built in 1970.

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Monument to fallen fighters

Markušica


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Monument to fallen fighters

Ostrovo


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Partisan cemetery

Komletinci

Designed by Zdenko Kolacio and Dušan Džamonja, built in 1976.

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Kampor Memorial Park

Rab

Designed by Edvard Ravnikar and Vladimir Lakovič, built in intervals between 1953 and 1988.

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Tičan Memorial Area

Tičan

Built in 1965.

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26 Frozen Partisan Fighters Memorial

Matić poljana

Designed by Zdenko Sila.

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Red Army Memorial

Beli Manastir


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Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism

Plovanija

Designed by Aleksandar Rukavina, built in 1981.

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Monument to fallen fighters and victims of fascism

Tordinci






Defenders of the Soviet Arctic during the Great Patriotic War

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Alyosha of Murmansk

Coordinates

hello_html_575020d.png68°59′35″N 33°04′18″ECoordinateshello_html_575020d.png68°59′35″N 33°04′18″E

Location

Murmansk, Russia

Designer

I. A. Pokrovsky (architect)
I. D. Brodsky (sculptor)

Type

large statue

Height

35.5 metres (116 ft)

OPENINGhello_html_3408e0f6.png date

October 19, 1974

The statue is of a soldier in a greatcoat with a rifle slung over his shoulder. The height of the pedestal is 7 metres (23 ft); the statue is 35.5 metres (116 ft) tall.[1] It is the second-tallest statue in Russia, after The Motherland Calls inVolgograd.



The Motherland Calls, simply The Motherland, or The Mamayev Monument, is astatue in Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd, Russia, commemorating theBattle of Stalingrad. It was designed by sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich and structural engineer Nikolai Nikitin, and declared the largest statue in the world in 1967. When the memorial was dedicated in 1967 it was the tallest sculpture in the world, measuring 87 metres (279 feet) from the tip of its sword to the top of the plinth. The figure itself measures 52 metres (170 feet), and the sword 33 metres (108 feet). Two hundred steps, symbolizing the 200 days of the Battle of Stalingrad, led from the bottom of the hill to the monument. The lead sculptor was Yevgeny Vuchetich, and the significant structural engineering challenges of the 7,900 tonnes (7,800 long tons; 8,700 short tons) of concrete[1] sculpture were handled by Nikolai Nikitin. The statue appears on both the current flag and coat of arms of Volgograd Oblast.

The Motherland Calls

Soviet Union / Commonwealth of Independent States

hello_html_m2e101be1.jpg

The Motherland Calls in Volgograd

For heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad

Unveiled

15 October 1967

Location

hello_html_575020d.png48°44′32.5″N 44°32′13″E
near 
Mamayev KurganVolgograd

Designed by

Yevgeny VuchetichNikolai Nikitin




hello_html_1607e211.jpg

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the Alexander Garden at the Kremlin Wall.

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Changing of the Guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Moscow) in Moscow

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Могила Неизвестного Солдата in Russian[mɐˈɡʲilə nʲɪɪˈzvʲɛsnəvə sɐlˈdatə]) is a war memorial, dedicated to the Soviet soldiers killed during World War II. It is located at the Kremlin Wall in the Alexander Gardenin Moscow.

The remains of the unknown soldiers killed in the Battle of Moscow in 1941 were initially buried in a mass grave at the 41st km of the Leningrad highway at the city of Zelenograd. This was the location of the closest approach of the Germanarmies to Moscow during the war. To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the battle, in December 1966 these remains were relocated to the Kremlin Wall. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was designed by architects D. I. Burdin, V. A. Klimov, Yu. R. Rabayev and sculptor Nikolai Tomsky, and was unveiled to the public on May 8, 1967. The dark red porphyry monument is decorated with a bronze sculpture of a laurel branch and a soldier's helmet laid upon a banner.

In front of the monument, there is a five-pointed star in a square field of labradorite, which emanates theEternal Flame from its center. The flame illuminates a bronze inscription "Имя твоё неизвестно, подвиг твой бессмертен" (translit.: Imya tvoyo neizvestno, podvig tvoy bessmerten, "Your name is unknown, your deed is immortal"). The torch for the memorial's Eternal Flame was transported from Leningrad, where it had been lit from the Eternal Flame at the Field of Mars.

To the left of the tomb is a granite wall with an inlay stating: "1941 - To Those Who Have Fallen For The Motherland - 1945". To the right of the tomb, lining the walkway are dark red porphyry blocks with incapsulated soils fromhero cities, Leningrad, KievStalingradOdessaSevastopolMinskKerchNovorossiyskTula and BrestMurmansk andSmolensk. The plate for “Stalingrad” read “Volgograd” up until September 2004. Further to the right of these monuments is an obelisk in red granite, listing the names of 40 “Cities of Military Glory” divided into groups of four. This monument was dedicated on May 8, 2010.

In 1997, a Guard of Honour of the Kremlin Regiment (which had guarded the Lenin Mausoleum) was restored at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier by the federal law of December 8, 1997, "On Immortalizing the Soviet People’s Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945". A Changing of the Guard Ceremony takes place every hour.





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Soviet World War II memorial in Berlin

Soviet War Memorial (Tiergarten)

Soviet Union/Russia

hello_html_m38cc3b30.jpg

Soviet War Memorial in Berlin Tiergarten, Germany

For Soviet war dead of the Battle of Berlin

Unveiled

1945

Location

Berlin

Designed by

Mikhail Gorvits

Total commemorated

5,000

Eternal glory to heroes who fell in battle with the German fascist invaders for the freedom and independence of the Soviet Union

hello_html_1ac15696.jpg

Russian inscription of the Sovietvictory on the central column of the memorial

The Soviet War Memorial (Tiergarten) is one of several war memorials in Berlin, capital city of Germany, erected by the Soviet Union to commemorate its war dead, particularly the 80,000 soldiers of the Soviet Armed Forces who died during the Battle of Berlin in April and May 1945.

Soviet War Memorial

Treptower Park

hello_html_m68b2f43b.jpg

Visitors at the 65th Victory day celebration laying flowers

For Soviet war dead of the Battle of Berlin

Established

May 8, 1949

Location

near Berlin

Designed by

Yakov Belopolsky

The Soviet War Memorial is a vast war memorial and military cemeteryin Berlin's Treptower Park. It was built to the design of the Sovietarchitect Yakov Belopolsky to commemorate 5,000 of the 80,000 Sovietsoldiers who fell in the Battle of Berlin in April–May 1945. The focus of the ensemble is a monument by Soviet sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich: a 12-m tall statue of a Soviet soldier with a sword holding a German child, standing over a broken swastika. According to Marshal of the Soviet Union Vasily Chuikov, the Vuchetich statue commemorates the deeds of Sergeant of Guards Nikolai Masalov, who during the final storm on the center of Berlin risked his life under heavy German machine-gun fire to rescue a three-year-old German girl whose mother had apparently disappeare



Alyosha (an affectionate diminutive of Aleksey) is an 11-metre (36-foot) tall reinforced concrete statue of a Soviet soldier onBunarjik Hill in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. The statue tops a 6-metre (20-foot) pedestal lined with granite. The memorial commemorates Soviet casualties during the occupation of Bulgaria by the Red Army in 1944.[A] It was installed in 1954-57.[1]

"Alyosha" is also the name of Konstantin Vanshenkin and Eduard Kolmanovski's song that was adopted as Plovdiv's official anthem until 1989.[2] A well-known poem about the Plovdiv Soldier was written by Robert Rozhdestvensky.[3]

Plovdiv authorities sought to have the statue removed on at least two occasions, in 1989 and 1996. The 1989 decision led to a preservation campaign which included a guard by the statue day and night in order to prevent it from being demolished.[4]

Alyosha Skurlatov, a soldier of the 3rd Ukrainian Front who served as the model for this statue, died in 2013 at the age of 91.[5]





Выбранный для просмотра документ Презентация Microsoft Office PowerPoint.pptx

библиотека
материалов
Monuments and Memorials
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the Alexander Garden at the Kremlin Wall.
Changing of the Guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
The Eternal Flame
The Motherland Calls, The Motherland, or The Mamayev Monument, Is a statue in...
The figure itself measures 52 metres, and the sword 33 metres. Two hundred st...
Alyosha of Murmansk
Defenders of the Soviet Arctic during the Great Patriotic War
I. A. Pokrovsky (architect) I. D. Brodsky (sculptor) October 19, 1974
The height of the pedestal is 7 metres; the statue is 35.5 metres tall. It is...
Soviet World War II memorial in Berlin, Germany
For Soviet war dead (80,000 soldiers) of the Battle of Berlin, 1945
Soviet War Memorial is a vast war memorial and military cemetery in Berlin's ...
The Vuchetich statue commemorates the deeds of Sergeant of Guards Nikolai Mas...
И в Берлине, в праздничную дату, Был воздвигнут, чтоб стоять века, Памятник С...
Alyosha  statue of a Soviet soldier on Bunarjik Hill in Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
It was installed in 1954-57
11-metre tall tatue of a Soviet soldier The statue tops a 6-metre pedestal li...
Apple trees and pear trees were a flower, River mist was rising all around. Y...
33 1

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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 Monuments and Memorials
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Monuments and Memorials

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№ слайда 10 Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the Alexander Garden at the Kremlin Wall.
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Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the Alexander Garden at the Kremlin Wall.

№ слайда 11 Changing of the Guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
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Changing of the Guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

№ слайда 12 The Eternal Flame
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The Eternal Flame

№ слайда 13 The Motherland Calls, The Motherland, or The Mamayev Monument, Is a statue in
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The Motherland Calls, The Motherland, or The Mamayev Monument, Is a statue in Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd, Russia, commemorating the Battle of Stalingrad. 15 October, 1967 Yevgeny Vuchetich

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№ слайда 15 The figure itself measures 52 metres, and the sword 33 metres. Two hundred st
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The figure itself measures 52 metres, and the sword 33 metres. Two hundred steps, symbolizing the 200 days of the Battle of Stalingrad

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№ слайда 18 Alyosha of Murmansk
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Alyosha of Murmansk

№ слайда 19 Defenders of the Soviet Arctic during the Great Patriotic War
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Defenders of the Soviet Arctic during the Great Patriotic War

№ слайда 20 I. A. Pokrovsky (architect) I. D. Brodsky (sculptor) October 19, 1974
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I. A. Pokrovsky (architect) I. D. Brodsky (sculptor) October 19, 1974

№ слайда 21 The height of the pedestal is 7 metres; the statue is 35.5 metres tall. It is
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The height of the pedestal is 7 metres; the statue is 35.5 metres tall. It is the second-tallest statue in Russia, after The Motherland Calls in Volgograd

№ слайда 22 Soviet World War II memorial in Berlin, Germany
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Soviet World War II memorial in Berlin, Germany

№ слайда 23 For Soviet war dead (80,000 soldiers) of the Battle of Berlin, 1945
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For Soviet war dead (80,000 soldiers) of the Battle of Berlin, 1945

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№ слайда 25 Soviet War Memorial is a vast war memorial and military cemetery in Berlin's 
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Soviet War Memorial is a vast war memorial and military cemetery in Berlin's  Treptower Park. a monument by Soviet sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich: a 12-m tall statue of a Soviet soldier with a sword holding a German child, standing over a broken swastika. 8 May, 1949

№ слайда 26 The Vuchetich statue commemorates the deeds of Sergeant of Guards Nikolai Mas
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The Vuchetich statue commemorates the deeds of Sergeant of Guards Nikolai Masalov, who during the final storm on the center of Berlin risked his life under heavy German machine-gun fire to rescue a three-year-old German girl.

№ слайда 27 И в Берлине, в праздничную дату, Был воздвигнут, чтоб стоять века, Памятник С
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И в Берлине, в праздничную дату, Был воздвигнут, чтоб стоять века, Памятник Советскому солдату С девочкой спасенной на руках. Он стоит, как символ нашей славы, Как маяк, светящийся во мгле. Это он, солдат моей державы, Охраняет мир на всей земле.

№ слайда 28
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№ слайда 29 Alyosha  statue of a Soviet soldier on Bunarjik Hill in Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
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Alyosha  statue of a Soviet soldier on Bunarjik Hill in Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

№ слайда 30 It was installed in 1954-57
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It was installed in 1954-57

№ слайда 31 11-metre tall tatue of a Soviet soldier The statue tops a 6-metre pedestal li
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11-metre tall tatue of a Soviet soldier The statue tops a 6-metre pedestal lined with granite. Alyosha Skurlatov, a soldier of the 3rd Ukrainian Front who served as the model for this statue, died in 2013 at the age of 91

№ слайда 32
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№ слайда 33 Apple trees and pear trees were a flower, River mist was rising all around. Y
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Apple trees and pear trees were a flower, River mist was rising all around. Young Katusha went strolling by the hour On the steep banks, O'er the rocky ground. *o’er = over

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