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Sherlock Holmes first appeared in 1882. He became famous in “Adventures of Sherlock Holmes”. After that came the whole series of books about him :” The Memoir of Sherlock Holmes”, “ The Return of Sherlock Holmes”, “ The Hound of the Baskervilles” and many others. Many thousands of the Sherlock Holmes books are still sold every year.
Who invented Sherlock Holmes? Arthur Conan Doyle was his inventor. He was a doctor. In 1882 he moved from Scotland to England to set up a practice. One of the doctors he worked for, Dr. Joseph Bell, was the model for Sherlock Holmes’s friend, Dr. Watson. Conan Doyle’s medical Knowledge was a great help to him in his detective stories.
Conan Doyle started the fashion of the detective story. Today the fashion goes on.
And what sort of man is Sherlock Holmes? We learn a lot about him from the stories in which he appears. He is a quiet man, who only speaks when he has something to say. He smokes a pipe /he has a collection of them/. He plays the violin. He carries a largе magnifying glass. He lives at Baker Street in London.
He was the skilful and clever detective. Sherlock Holmes’s method of analysing the most difficult problems was to notice the smallest facts, even if they seemed unimportant. His method never failed, the criminal always had to give up, and become the prisoner of the great detective.
If Sherlock Holmes were alive today, he would be more than 140 years old. You can say it from the books about him. He would certainly no longer be living at 221 B Baker Street.
But letters addressed to him continue to arrive at Baker Street. Many people write to the great detective asking him for help. Sometimes there
are such phrases in the letters: “ The police can’t do anything. Please, help.” Or I ask you’ please hurry.''
If you go to London, you will not be able to find Baker Street. But instead, you can go to a pub called “ The Sherlock Holmes”. In that pub there is a room exactly like Sherlock Holmes’s room at Baker Street as described in Conan Doyle’s stories. On the walls there are drawings from the original editions of the Sherlock Holmes books.
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