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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Презентации / Материал к изучению темы "Мой техникум" по дисциплине "Английский язык"
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Материал к изучению темы "Мой техникум" по дисциплине "Английский язык"

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ОКТЯБРЬСКИЙ АГРАРНО -ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ТЕХНИКУМ 				Люби родной свой край!...
Профессий много на земле: Есть плотник, есть маляр, Есть трубочист – всегда в...
«Our Аgrarian Technological Technical School» 1.А history of Our Technical S...
Live and learn !
Agricultural machinery. My profession is my pride!
Our agricultural implements and machines
Much attention is paid to acquiring practical skills by future specialists
Car mechanic Тhe profession of the mechanic is very popular and very demanded
By means of specialized diagnostics workers carry out servicing and car repa...
Veterinary medicine I want to be a veterinarian!
We take care of our animals! !
Profession - cook, confectioner ! What you need to become a good cook? First...
Cook needed something, a gift from nature. This "something" - a subtle taste...
Our master is the best!
Do you know the secrets of this profession?
We pay a great attention to our health аnd leisure!
Thank you for your attention!
Источники информации: Использованная литература 1.Безкоровайная . Г.Т «Planet...
Данный материал может быть использован в работе со студентами, обучающимися...
19 1

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 ОКТЯБРЬСКИЙ АГРАРНО -ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ТЕХНИКУМ 				Люби родной свой край!
Описание слайда:

ОКТЯБРЬСКИЙ АГРАРНО -ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ТЕХНИКУМ Люби родной свой край! Край изучай, оберегай! Макарова Наталья Ивановна- преподаватель английского языка ГБОУ СПО РО ОАТТ

№ слайда 2 Профессий много на земле: Есть плотник, есть маляр, Есть трубочист – всегда в
Описание слайда:

Профессий много на земле: Есть плотник, есть маляр, Есть трубочист – всегда в золе- И в саже сталевар. Профессий не пересчитать, Но это важно знать – Науку хлеб растить, пахать Не надо забывать

№ слайда 3 «Our Аgrarian Technological Technical School» 1.А history of Our Technical S
Описание слайда:

«Our Аgrarian Technological Technical School» 1.А history of Our Technical School 2.The Faculty of Agricultural Machinery 3. Car Mechanical Department 4.The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 5. The Technological Faculty 6.Our non-academic activities.

№ слайда 4 Live and learn !
Описание слайда:

Live and learn !

№ слайда 5 Agricultural machinery. My profession is my pride!
Описание слайда:

Agricultural machinery. My profession is my pride!

№ слайда 6 Our agricultural implements and machines
Описание слайда:

Our agricultural implements and machines

№ слайда 7 Much attention is paid to acquiring practical skills by future specialists
Описание слайда:

Much attention is paid to acquiring practical skills by future specialists

№ слайда 8 Car mechanic Тhe profession of the mechanic is very popular and very demanded
Описание слайда:

Car mechanic Тhe profession of the mechanic is very popular and very demanded

№ слайда 9 By means of specialized diagnostics workers carry out servicing and car repa
Описание слайда:

By means of specialized diagnostics workers carry out servicing and car repairs.

№ слайда 10 Veterinary medicine I want to be a veterinarian!
Описание слайда:

Veterinary medicine I want to be a veterinarian!

№ слайда 11 We take care of our animals! !
Описание слайда:

We take care of our animals! !

№ слайда 12 Profession - cook, confectioner ! What you need to become a good cook? First
Описание слайда:

Profession - cook, confectioner ! What you need to become a good cook? First of all – talent!

№ слайда 13 Cook needed something, a gift from nature. This "something" - a subtle taste
Описание слайда:

Cook needed something, a gift from nature. This "something" - a subtle taste and a well-developed sense of smell. In addition, the cook must be quick, dexterous, assembled, to feel the shape, line, color..

№ слайда 14 Our master is the best!
Описание слайда:

Our master is the best!

№ слайда 15 Do you know the secrets of this profession?
Описание слайда:

Do you know the secrets of this profession?

№ слайда 16 We pay a great attention to our health аnd leisure!
Описание слайда:

We pay a great attention to our health аnd leisure!

№ слайда 17 Thank you for your attention!
Описание слайда:

Thank you for your attention!

№ слайда 18 Источники информации: Использованная литература 1.Безкоровайная . Г.Т «Planet
Описание слайда:

Источники информации: Использованная литература 1.Безкоровайная . Г.Т «Planet of English» Учебник английского языка для учреждений НПО и СПО, М.:2012 г. 1. Агабекян И.П. “Английский для обслуживающего персонала. Ростов н/Д 2007 г. 2. “Иностранные языки в школе” 2006,  №8. 3.. Шляхова В. А “Английский язык для студентов автомобилестроительных специальностей” М. : Высшая школа, 2008г. 4. Интернет-ресурсы: http://www.altavista.com http://www.yahoo.com 5. Веренич Н.И. Английский язык для студентов сельскохозяйственных вузов – Мн .: 2005 г.

№ слайда 19 Данный материал может быть использован в работе со студентами, обучающимися
Описание слайда:

Данный материал может быть использован в работе со студентами, обучающимися по программам СПО и НПО, при развитии навыков общения в ознакомлении с проблемой «Our Technical School» Материал носит информативный характер, что способствует повышению мотивации изучения английского языка профессиональной направленности.

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Read the text and answer the questions after it.

TRACTORS

Tractors occupy an important place on the farm as a source of power. On many farms they, together with trucks or trailers, have entirely displaced horses for farm work. An advantage of t factors power over the horse is that tractor can be used continuously for heavy work. In addition to pulling implements like ploughs and cultivators, a tractor may be used with implements for bush-cleaning, ditch-filling (засыпка канав) and land-levelling (выравнивание). Small tractors from 1 to 10 horse-power, fitted

with single- or iwin cylinder petrol engines, may he used for garden and orchard work.

Farm tractors may be divided into two groups: wheeled and track-laying. Wheeled tractors may be further subdivided into standard and row-crop (пропашная культура) types. Standard wheeled tractors are used for general farm work and do not have the special features associated with row-crop tractors. Row-crop tractors can be used for all ordinary purposes, but in addition they are specially designed for working on root and other row crops.

Track-laying tractors or crawlers have the great advantage that they can be used for heavy loads (грузы) on almost any class of land. They are considerably more economical in fuel than are wheel machines, but their greater initial cost and their maintenance, particularly that of the tracks, may outweigh (перевесить) this advantage. The crawler is, however, the more efficient type of tractor and, moreover, can go on the land earlier after rain and so can work a greater number of days per year.

Answer the questions.

  1. Tractors occupy an important place on the farm as a source of power, don't they?

  2. What is the advantage of tractors power over the horse?

  3. What can tractors be used for on the farm?

  4. Small tractors can be used for garden and orchard work, can't they?

  5. Are there two or three main groups of farm tractors?

  6. What is the difference between a standard wheeled tractor and a row-crop tractor?

  7. What are the advantages and disadvantages of track-laying tractors?






















Easy chocolate cake

Perfect for birthdays, this is a great recipe for an easy, foolproof chocolate cake. It’s moist and fudgy and will keep well for 4-5 days.

Ingredients

For the cake

For the chocolate icing

Preparation method

  1. Preheat the oven to 180C/350F/Gas 4. Grease and line two 20cm/8in sandwich tins.

  2. For the cake, place all of the cake ingredients, except the boiling water, into a large mixing bowl. Using a wooden spoon, or electric whisk, beat the mixture until smooth and well combined.

  3. Add the boiling water to the mixture, a little at a time, until smooth. (The cake mixture will now be very liquid.)

  4. Divide the cake batter between the sandwich tins and bake in the oven for 25-35 minutes, or until the top is firm to the touch and a skewer inserted into the centre of the cake comes out clean.

  5. Remove the cakes from the oven and allow to cool completely, still in their tins, before icing.

  6. For the chocolate icing, heat the chocolate and cream in a saucepan over a low heat until the chocolate melts. Remove the pan from the heat and whisk the mixture until smooth, glossy and thickened. Set aside to cool for 1-2 hours, or until thick enough to spread over the cake.

  7. To assemble the cake, run a round-bladed knife around the inside of the cake tins to loosen the cakes. Carefully remove the cakes from the tins.

  8. Spread a little chocolate icing over the top of one of the chocolate cakes, then carefully top with the other cake.

  9. Transfer the cake to a serving plate and ice the cake all over with the chocolate icing, using a palette knife.



















Read the text and find English equivalents to the following:

в четвертом классе на уроке письма(правописания) глухая на 70% читала по губам стеснялась слуховой аппарат быть ветеринаром поддержали её делилась своими конспектами преодолеть преграды (трудности) колледж ветеринарной медицины молодой специалист доктор ветеринарной медицины получить государственную лицензию частная практика

PEOPLE AND CAREERS

Deafness Does Not Mean Defeat

When Linda Medleau was in the fourth grade, she had difficulty in spelling class. The problem was not that she misspelled words. When Linda was asked to spell a word, she sometimes spelled a different word-one that rhymed with the word the teacher asked for. The teacher realized Linda had a hearing problem. Tests showed that Linda was 70 percent deaf. Linda had been lip-reading all her life.

At first Linda was embarrassed. She did not what anyone to know that she was hard of hearing. Gradually, she adjusted to her disability. Linda learned to lip-read better. Later she got hearing aids that helped her determine the direction from which sounds came. Her parents did not treat her as though she was different. When Linda said she wanted to be a veterinarian, they encouraged her.

In college, Linda’s hearing disability posed some problems. Teachers might turn their backs to the class and then Linda could not read their lips. In large classes the professor might be too distant for her hearing aids to help much. Throughout college a special friend shared her class notes with Linda. Teachers and other friends offered advice and encouragement.

Many people helped Linda overcome the obstacles that deafness presented. Linda feels that teachers, classmates, and her clients have accepted her hearing problem quite easily. To improve communication, Linda still takes lip-reading lessons each week and now has new, more powerful hearing aids.

In 1979, Linda graduated from the College of Veterinary Medicine at Ohio State University. After college, Dr. Linda Medleau began working as an intern in the College of Veterinary Medicine at Michigan State University.

To become a veterinarian, a person needs at least two years of preveterinary college education. Many students complete three or four years of college of veterinary medicine. There they spend three to four years studying much science. They learn about anatomy, physiology, biology, chemistry, and more. After graduation from the college of veterinary medicine, the students become doctors of veterinary medicine (D.V.M.). They must obtain a government license to practice their profession. Then they may work in private practice, at zoos, in government, or at colleges like Linda.

1. Complete the sentences according to the text.

1. From her childhood Linda had …

2. When Linda said she wanted to be a veterinarian, her parents …

3. To become a veterinarian, a person needs …

4. Linda entered the …

5. Teachers and friends helped Linda …

6. Future veterinarians learn about …

7. After graduation from the college of veterinary medicine, the students become …

8. They must obtain …

9. After that they may work in …

10. After college Dr. Linda Medleau began working as …

2. Make up sentences.

1) disease, of, tuberculosis, and, animals, chronic, a, is, man.

2) made, best, in, the, pigs, maintenance, their, the, good, region.

3) country, some, the, from, has, been, serious, free, many, diseases, years, animal, for.

4) well, healthy, cows, grow, fed, calves, which, will, into, are.

5) cause, brucellosis, to, farming, dairy, can, great, damage.

6) as, important, prevention, treatment, of, is, diseases, their,





Culinary Characteristics

Fresh Cabbage Shchee (for four liters)

Beef or pork - one kilo with bone

Fresh cabbage - one kilo

Brown onions - 150 grams

Fresh tomatoes - 2 pieces or one spoonful of tomato paste

Root celery - one piece

Root parsley - one piece

Bay leaf - two pieces

Some dill and spring onions

Salt (to taste)

Water - four liters

The meat is boiled till it's half ready (for an hour or two). Then you put shredded fresh cabbage. Sliced brown onions, carrots, tomatoes, root celery and parsley are fried for twenty - twenty-five minutes in the frying-pan and put in the saucepan. Bay leaf is put at the end of cooking and should be taken away after shchee is ready. Shchee is served with sour cream, cut small spring onions and dill. Cooking-time - about three hours.

Ukrainian Borshch

It can be cooked from beef, pork or poultry - chicken, goose, rabbit or hare.

Meat or poultry - 1 kg

Beetroot -1 piece (medium size)

Sweet pepper -1-2 pieces

Cabbage - 500 gr

Potatoes - 2 pieces

Tomatoes - 3 - 4 pieces

Brown onions - 1 piece

Root parsley-2 pieces

Lard-40 gr

Lemon acid - at the tip of the knife

Bay leaf, some pepper, salt to taste.

The meat or poultry is boiled till it's half-ready. Sliced beetroot is stewed in the stew-pan with the fat from the broth till it's half-ready. Shredded carrots, brown onions and root parsley are slightly fried in the frying-pan (separately from the beetroot). Beetroot should be stewed, carrots and onions fried. The broth is set with shredded cabbage and potatoes and simmered for ten - fifteen minutes. Tomatoes are peeled, sliced and fried for ten minutes separately. Stewed beetroot, fried carrots, onions, root parsley, tomatoes spices, citric acid, sliced sweet pepper and pounded lard are put in the saucepan and simmered for ten-fifteen minutes. Some housewives put a handful of kidney-beans with meat at the beginning of cooking. In this case you should put only one potato. You can boil it whole and mash at the end of cooking. Ukrainian borshch is served with thick sour cream, greens and dumplings (galushki or pampushki).

Okroshka

(four - five portions) Kvas - 1 litre

New cucumber(s) - 1 of medium size

Spring onions - 100 gr

Hard-boiled eggs - 2

Boiled beef- 100 gr or boiled sausage/sausages

Lean ham - 50 gr

Spring onions and cucumber(s) are washed and sliced. So is boiled beef and ham. Hard-boiled eggs are cut large. All this is put in the kvas, salted to taste. It's better to have kvas sour. If it's sweet you can put a slice of lemon or citric acid at the tip of the knife. In home-made cooking a potato (boiled and cut) is added. Before serving okroshka it's recommended to keep it in a cool place or refrigerator for two hours. Okroshka is served with thick sour cream, cut parsley and dill. If it's too thick you should add some more kvas.































Text: Components of the Automobile

The exercises to be done before reading the text


1.


engine (power plant) — двигатель(силовая установка)

chassis — шасси

body — кузов

power train — силовая передача

running gear — ходовая часть

steering system - рулевое управление

brakes — тормоза

clutch - сцепление

gearbox — коробка передач

propeller shaft — карданный вал

final drive - главная передача

differential - дифференциал

rear axle — задний мост

axle shafts — полуоси

frame with axles — рама с осями

wheels and springs — колеса с рессорами

hood — капот

fendersкрылья

heater - отопитель

windshield wiper — стеклоочиститель

include — включать в себя

consist ofсостоять из

as well — также

in turn — в свою очередь

source of power — источник энергии

fuel — топливо

cooling — охлаждение

lubricating — смазка



2. Прочтите и переведите интернациональные слова.

Automobile, chassis, electric, system, control, differential, ventilator, cylinder.

Прочтите и переведите текст, а затем выполните следующие за ним упражнения.





TEXT

Components of the Automobile

The automobile is made up of three basic parts: the power plant, or the engine, the chassis and the body.

The engine is the source of power that makes the wheels rotate and the car move. It includes fuel, cooling, lubricating and electric systems. Most automobile engines have six or eight cylinders

The chassis includes a power train (power transmission), a running gear, steering and braking systems as well.

The power train carries the power from the engine to the car wheels.

The power transmission, in turn, contains the clutch, gearbox, propeller or cardan shaft, final drive, differential, rear axle and axle shafts. The running gear consists of a frame with axles, wheels and springs.

The body has a hood, fenders and accessories: the heater, stereo tape recorder, windshield wipers, conditioner, speedometer and so on.


The exercises to be done after reading the text

(Послетекстовые упражнения)


3. Выберите и запишите термины, данные ниже, которые относятся к:

the engine (двигателю); the chassis (шасси); the body (кузову).


Fuel system, axle shaft, accessories, cooling system, frame with axles, running gear, lubricating system, steering system, heater, propeller shaft, power transmission, final drive, windshield wiper, clutch, wheels and axle shafts, gearbox, electric system, differential.

Дайте русские эквиваленты приведенных выше терминов.


4. Найдите в тексте ответы на вопросы:

1.What main parts is the automobile made up of?

2.What is the function of the engine?

3.What systems does the engine include?

4.What does the chassis consist of?

5.What units does the power transmission comprise?

6.What assemblies does the running gear consist of?

7.What has the body?


5. Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующее по смыслу окончание.


1. The automobile is made up of...

1. a power transmission, running gear, steering and braking systems.

2. The engine is ...

2. the clutch, gearbox, propeller shaft, final drive, differential and axle shafts.

3. The engine includes ...

3. a hood, fenders and accessories.

4. The chassis consists of...

4. the engine, the chassis and the body.

5. The power transmission comprises ...

5. a frame with axles, wheels and springs.

6. The running gear consists of.. .

6. the source of power.

7. The body has ...

7. fuel, cooling, electric and lubricating systems.


6. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты предложений и запишите их.


1.Автомобиль состоит из трех основных частей: двигателя, шасси и кузова.

2.Двигатель — это источник энергии.

3.Двигатель включает в себя топливную, охлаждающую, смазывающую и электрическую системы.

4.Шасси включает в себя силовую передачу, ходовую часть, рулевую и тормозную системы.

5.Силовая передача (трансмиссия), в свою очередь, состоит из сцепления, коробки передач, карданного вала, главной передачи, дифференциала, заднего моста и полуосей.

6.Ходовая часть включает в себя раму с осями, колеса и рессоры.

7.Кузов включает в себя капот, крылья и вспомогательные аксессуары: отопитель, стеклоочистители, магнитолу, кондиционер и т. п.


7. Прочтите диалог несколько раз, а затем выполните следующие за ним упражнения.

DIALOGUE

A: Do you know what parts the automobile is made up of?

В.: Certainly. It is made up of the engine, the chassis and the body,

A: What is the source of power?

B:The source of power is the engine. It includes fuel, cooling, lubricating and electric systems.

    1. A:And what does the chassis consist of?

B:It consists of a power transmission, running gear, steering and braking systems. By the way, the power transmission, in turn, comprises the clutch, gearbox, propeller shaft, final drive, differential, rear axle and axle shafts.

      1. A:And what has the body?

B:The body has a hood, fenders and accessories, such as: the heater, stereo tape recorder, windshield wipers, conditioner and so on.

        1. A:Thank you very much for your information.

          1. B:Don't mention it. I am glad to help you.

  1. Найдите в диалоге слова и словосочетания, эквивалентные русским словам и словосочетаниям, приведенным ниже.


Сделан из; шасси; кузов; включать в себя; топливная, охлаждающая, смазывающая и электрическая системы; трансмиссия; ходовая часть; рулевая и тормозная системы; карданный вал; главная передача; дифференциал; задний мост; полуоси; капот; крылья; вспомогательные устройства; стеклоочистители.


9. Закончите предложения, используя необходимые слова или словосочетания, данные ниже.

A:What parts does the automobile ... ?

B:It is made up of...

A: What is...?

В: The source of power is the ...

A:What systems does the engine ...?

В.:It includes ...

A: What does the chassis ... ?

В.:The chassis ....

A: What does the power train include?

B:The power train includes ...

A:What units does the body comprise?

B:It comprises ... and accessories such as ...

A.:Thank you for your ....


Engine, chassis, body, power train, running gear, steering system, brakes, clutch, gearbox, propeller shaft, final drive, differential, rear axle, axle shafts, hood and fenders, heater, windshield wipers, information, conditioner, consist(s) of, the source of power, include, fuel, cooling, lubricating, electric systems.


10. Разыграйте диалог в парах.


11. Выпишите из правой колонки русские слова и словосочетания, соответствующие английским из левой колонки.

1.

power plant

a.

сцепление

2.

chassis

b.

силовая передача

3.

body

c.

главная передача

4.

power train

d.

колеса

5.

running gear

e.

система рулевого управления

6.

steering system

f.

капот

7.

brakes

g.

полуоси

8.

clutch

h.

ходовая часть

9.

gearbox

i.

топливная система

10.

propeller shaft

j.

стеклоочистители

11.

final drive

k.

коробка передач

12.

rear axle

l.

система смазки

13.

axle shafts

m.

силовая установка

14.

frame

n.

рама

15.

wheels

o.

в свою очередь

16.

springs

p.

тормоза

17.

hood

q.

рессоры

18.

fenders

r.

также

19.

windshield wipers

s.

шасси

20.

fuel system

t.

карданный вал

21.cooling system u. задний мост

22. lubricating system v. источник энергии

23.in turn w. система охлаждения

24.as well x. крылья

25.source of power y. кузов



12. Ответьте на вопросы.

1.What main parts is the automobile made up of?

2.What is the function of the engine?

3.What systems does the engine include?

4.What does the chassis consist of?

5.What units does the power transmission comprise?

6.What assemblies does the running gear consist of?

7.What has the body?

13. Выберите и запишите соответствующий описанию механизм.

1.Mechanism which is used to stop the car.

a) clutch; b) brakes; c) gearbox; d) steering system.

2.Mechanism which is used to guide the car.

a) clutch; b) brakes; c) gearbox; d) steering system.

3.Mechanism which engages or disengages the engine and the car wheels.

a) clutch; b) brakes; c) gearbox; d) steering system.

4.Mechanism which is used to change the speed of the car.

a) clutch; b) brakes; c) gearbox; d) accelerator.

5.Mechanism which is used to guide the car in one or the other directions.

a) clutch; b) brakes; c) gearbox; d) steering system.

6.Device which is designed to measure the speed of the car.

a) heater; b) windscreen; c) speedometer; d) tachometer.


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Методический комментарий

к уроку по проблеме: «Наш аграрно – технологический техникум»


Цель: совершенствование коммуникативных умений студентов по проблеме: «Наш аграрно – технологический техникум».

Задачи: воспитание чувства гордости за выбранную профессию, свое учебное заведение, свой регион;

активизация лексических навыков по проблеме: ««Наш аграрно – технологический техникум», навыков использования словарей;

совершенствование навыков осознанного употребления в речи форм страдательного залога, активного использования в речи лексических единиц со словообразовательным суффиксом –ing; ,

автоматизация, безошибочность построения высказывания на английском языке в соответствии с нормами языка и оптимальной скоростью выполнения;

совершенствование навыков чтения с пониманием общего содержания текста, чтения с целью извлечения конкретной информации;

ознакомление студентов с социокультурной информацией о некоторых профессиях и специальностях;

развитие умения использовать приобретенные знания в практической и профессиональной деятельности;

развитие умения создавать словесный социокультурный портрет своего учебного заведения, своей профессии;

совершенствование способности к догадке, умения анализировать, сравнивать, вычленять из текста профессионально значимую информацию, находить на сайтах презентации, содержащие нужный материал и предъявлять его студентам.


Применяемые технологии:

- технологии коммуникативного обучения;

- развитие критического мышления через чтение и письмо;

- работа в группах.


Ход урока:

1.Организационный момент.

2.Сообщение проблемы урока. Слайд 1,2,3.

3.Речевая зарядка. Разговор о деятельности во время лабораторных, практических занятиях, о профессии родителей.

4.Активизация лексики необходимой для усвоения нового материала.

Тематический словарь

Грамматический материал. Упражнение 1.

5.Первичное восприятие нового материала. Слайд 4.Работа с текстом.

6.Совершенствование навыков использования новых ЛЕ. Упражнение 2,3.

7.Разговор со студентами на материале текста .Упражнение 4.

8. Работа в группах на основе слайдов 5 -15. Чтение, понимание и краткое высказывание о представленной профессии.

1 группа студентов: слайды 5 – 7.

2 группа студентов: слайды 8 – 9.

3 группа студентов: слайды 10 -11.

4 группа студентов: слайды 12 -15.

9.Обобщение изученного. Что узнали нового.

10. Работа с упражнением 5.Фронтальный опрос.

11.Чтение юмористического рассказа. Упражнение 8. Контроль понимания текста.

12. Домашнее задание: упражнения 6,7, рассказ об одном дне в техникуме.



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Our Аgrarian Technological Technical School

Слайд 4 Live and learn!

Is not by chance that I entered the Agrarian Technological Technical School in the village of Kachcan near Shakhty. My parents have a small garden and we work there from spring till autumn. After leaving school I didn't hesitate about the choice of my future profession. I decided to be a specialist in agricultural machinery.

Our Аgrarian Technological Technical School is rather old (it was founded in 1906) and has already got its own history, customs and traditions. You will learn many interesting things about our University if you visit the Technical Museum.

Some 600 young people get their education here. There are 3 faculties at our Technical School: the Faculty of Agricultural Machinery, the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the Technological Faculty and Auto Mechanical Department.

Our Technical School trains students to work as a driver, a tractor-driver, a veterinary surgeon (assistant), a cook and a confectioner.

We study a lot of subjects necessary for our future work - maths, history, foreign languages, chemistry, physics, biology, botany, soil science, field-crop cultivation, agricultural chemistry, financial planning, law, agricultural ecology and many other specialized subjects. Our future work will require special professional skills to operate modern equipment. So, such subjects as electronic computers, biochemistry and biophysics become very important. At the tutorials and seminars we learn how to use the acquired knowledge in our future practical work. Every year
we write our course-papers.

The teaching combines lectures, practical classes and seminars. We have 3 or 4 classes every day. The students have got rather favorable conditions for studies here: lecture-halls, some compu­ter rooms, 2 gyms, a stadium, 2 canteens, 2 reading halls are at their disposal. The students of our Technical live at the comforta­ble hostel or rent rooms in town.

It's a hard job to be a student!



Слайд 5


Agricultural machinery.
My profession is my pride!

In order to combine correctly the theoretical and practical education of the future specialists, about one-third of the training period is devoted to educational and training practice on the experimental farms of the Technical School. The students placed into an atmosphere of agricultural reality.


Слайд 6


Our agricultural implements and machines

Agricultural implements and machines are now very numerous and may be divided into five main groups:

  1. prime movers, i. e. engines of all kinds, tractors, etc.

  2. cultivating machinery, including ploughs of all kinds harrows, rollers, manure-distributors, drills, etc.

  3. harvesting machinery, including mowers, self-binders, threshing-machines, elevators, potato-diggers, etc.

4) stationary or barn machinery, including such food-preparing machines as chaff-cutlers, grinding-mills. root-cutters, etc.

5) dairy machinery, including milking-machines, separators, sterilizing-machines, etc.


Слайд 7


Much attention is paid to acquiring practical skills by future specialists.


After graduating from the Technical School our students go to work to different parts of our country not only as a driver and tractor-driver. Their work will include such activities as:

  • organization of crop production;

  • production, financing and marketing food products;

  • working out the fertilizer application systems and plant protection
    measures;

  • increasing the total number of farm livestock;

  • the control of farm pollution and everyday control of farm animals
    diseases and many other things.


Слайд 8


Car mechanic.

Тhe profession of the mechanic is very popular and very demanded.

Our Technical School trains students to work as a mechanic. In the present world of technological progress, the profession of the mechanic has broad specialization and therefore it is very popular and very demanded. 

Data on the first mechanics appeared approximately in the 18th century, in the countries in which there was a transport capable to independent movement. Since then, transport constantly was improved and changed. Repair and leaving therefore there was a need for specially trained masters was necessary to any mechanism. So there was a profession of the mechanic.

 


Слайд 9


By means of specialized diagnostics workers carry out servicing and car repairs.

To work as the mechanic it is necessary to possess certain skills: endurance, physical force, good sight and correct coordination of movements.

Nowadays learning English can be very useful in repairing many types of modern cars because in our age of technology everything is based on computer. Almost every driver once in his life watching work of  a mechanic saw a process of finding faults in electronic system of his "dear car"  and no need to say how important for a master to find quickly what is wrong Of course all this is impossible without finding out new information and learning English


Слайд 10


Veterinary medicine
I want to be a veterinarian!


Our Technical School trains students to work as a veterinary surgeon (assistant). In spite of the swift progress in all branches of science and technology agriculture remains the main source of providing the population with food.

Intensifications of animal husbandry – better feeding and selection, introduction of the achievements of science and advanced methods, and greater mechanization – ensures a constant increase in the output of animal products.



Слайд 11


We take care of our animals!

During their practice students are busy with feeding and breeding farm animals.

The veterinarian must know the rules and regulations designed to conserve animal life and to safeguard the public health. The work in which he may be engaged is the following:

- Consultation regarding problems of animal health and diseases.

- Hospitalization of sick and injured animals.

- Vaccination of animals.

- Inspection of food supplies of animal origin to prevent the transmission of animal diseases to man.


Слайд 12


Profession - cook, confectioner.

What you need to become a good cook? First of all – talent!

How many dishes known to mankind? Ten thousand? Twenty? Count it still could not be anyone. It's also impossible. After all, how many dishes can be prepared from ordinary potatoes, if you approach it creatively? Can a chef to work without imagination, to be uncreative person?


Слайд 13


Anyone can be a chef? Unfortunately, no. Cook needed something, a gift from nature. This "something" - a subtle taste and a well-developed sense of smell. In addition, the cook must be quick, dexterous, assembled, to feel the shape, line, color.



Слайд 14


Our master is the best!

Profession chef evolved with civilization, so you can say - it's the oldest profession. Chef - a specialist in cooking. Profession chef controls the quality of the products and the process of cooking, operation and maintenance of kitchen equipment, as well as engaged in light of consumable material.



Слайд 15


Do you know the secrets of this profession?

  • The chef must be physically hardly;

  • have a good long-term memory;

  • movable fingers;

  • be able to concentrate;
    he needs a subtle sense of time;
    high sensitivity to the nuances of smell and taste;

  • be reproducing the imagination (the ability to look at a recipe, imagine the look and taste of the dish);

  • responsibility;

  • honesty;

  • aesthetic taste, imagination, creative talents.


Слайд 16

We pay a great attention to our health and leisure!


VOCABULARY

chance случай, шанс by chance

It is not by chance that I entered the Agrarian University.

to enter войти, поступить (в вуз) to enter the University

to found основывать, учреждать, создавать to be founded быть основанным Our college was founded 10 years ago.

shift смена, рабочая смена, чередование Many people have a 2-shift work.

to practice практиковать, применять, осуществлять

besides кроме (того)

Besides being very talented he was a very industrious boy.

veterinary ветеринарный veterinary surgeon ветеринарный врач

The Veterinary Medicine Faculty is one of the 5 faculties of our University.

a full-time education образование, полученное на Дневном стационарном обучении I'm a full-time student, certain — определенный

under certain conditions при определенных условиях

not to know for certain — не знать наверняка I feel myself certain about it.

favorable благоприятный, удобный He got a favorable answer in this letter.

canteen буфет, столовая I usually have breakfast at a canteen.

a hall of residence syn. a hostel — общежитие от 'residence' — место жительства

I live in a comfortable hall of residence in Pushkin Street,

rent арендовать, снимать

«For Rent* was written on the door of the house. «Сдается внаем», — было написано на двери дома.

comprise включать, охватывать, содержать

to graduate from заканчивать (вуз) After graduating from the University I will work as an agronomist, to hesitate колебаться (about) Did you hesitate about the choice of your future profession?

to work работать

to work out — разрабатывать (программу), работать над программой to work on the problem

Many of the students work out interesting projects.

busy — to be busy with — заниматься (чем-либо)

During their practice students are busy with feeding and breeding farm animals.

to take care of заботиться, ухаживать за Nurses take care of their patients at the hospitals.

to require - требовать, требование

syn to demand, to ask for

Any work requires special professional skills.








GRAMMAR COMMENTARY

Simple Present Passive

Простое настоящее время (Страдательный залог)

Простое настоящее время (страдательный залог) обозначает действия, которые происходят в настоящий момент, но точное время их протекания не определено. Они происходят обычно, вообще и всегда. Страдательный залог устанавливает, что лицо или предмет - подлежащее является объектом действия.

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Simple Present Passive образуется с помощью глагола to be в наст. времени и причастия II смыслового глагола: is (am, are) done.

GRAMMAR EXERCISES

  1. Listen and imitate:

1.Smoking is not allowed here. 2. He is often sent parcels. 3. Coffee is imported from Brazil. 4. Clothes are washed at the launderette. 5. Films are shown at the cinema. 6. Bread is sold at the baker's. 7. Milk goes sour when it is left for three days. 8. The machines are inspected everyday. 9. Flowers die when t hey are not watered. 10. Lost time is never found again.


2. Find a word or word-combination in the right column to fit each word in the left column.


1.By chance управлять современным

оборудованием

  1. After leaving school приобретенные знания

  2. The choice of my future profession семеноводство

4. To operate the modern equipment

5. To train после окончания техникума

6. A highly-qualified specialist выбор моей будущей профессии

7. Seed-farming курсовая работа

8. Tutorials после окончания школы

9. The acquired knowledge обучать, готовить

10. A course paper семинары

случайно

11.After graduating from the высококвалифи-

цированный

Technical School специалист






3. Finish the sentences joining two parts of them.



1. Agronomists are busy with

1. one-month practice on the farm

2. Livestock-experts work out

2. to work on the farm as
agronomists and livestock-experts

3. The second-year students have

3. work on interesting theoretical and practical problems

4. Agricultural Technical trains students

4. fulfillment of all technical measures in crop cultivation

5 In the Students' Scientific
Society students

5. the technologies for increasing milk yields per cow.

4. Answer the following questions.

  1. Why did you enter the Agricultural Technical School ?

  2. What will you do after graduating from the university?

  3. Name the subjects necessary for your future work.

  4. Do you work hard to become a good specialist?

  5. What is the topic of your course paper?

  6. Are you a member of the Students' Scientific Society?

  7. Do you take part in the students' scientific conferences?
    8.How often do you have your practice?

9.What activities will your future work include?


5. Read the leaflet on how to behave on the first day in a new job.
Report each piece of advice.

Example: The leaflet advises people to be friendly and tells them not to wear informal clothes or heavy make-up.

ON THE FIRST DAY IN A JOB:

  • be friendly;

  • don't wear very informal clot lies or heavy make-up;

  • be kind and co-operative;

  • don't share very personal information — you don't know who you are
    talking to;

work hard and don't spend too much time chatting or resting;

  • keep your desk tidy at all times;

  • don't argue with anyone.


6. There is a small town in England where something very strange has happened. By chance, everyone's surname describes the job that he or she does. Also, everyone's forename starts with the same letters as the surname. So...

Tom Teacher works in the local school.
Betty Baker makes bread.

Here are some other jobs that people do. Work out the correct surnames of the people who do the jobs, and then fit the correct surname to each forename.

  1. a person who sells meat 1. Nancy ...

  2. a person who delivers letters 2. Fred ...

  3. a person who cares for patients at the hospital 3. Basil...

  4. a person who makes and mends suits 4. Diane ...

  5. a person who makes things from wood 5. Pat ...

  6. a person who looks after people's teeth 6. Colin ...

  7. a person who keeps sheep and cows 7. Terry ...

7. Match these people with the type of work they might do:
headmaster, gardener .coal miner, photographer, university student, tourist guide, waitress, typist-mother of three, retired person, company manager

shift work______________

part-time________________

full-time work___________

seasonal work __________

voluntary work___________

8. Listen to the text. Do you like the story? Why?

THEONLY ONE

A young teacher just beginning his career asks advice of an older college 'what have you learned in your years of experience?

'I've learned one thing! Often you will find while you are giving a lesson in class that there is one young upstart' who always disagrees with you. Tell me, would you stop him and try to make him shut up1 right then and there?!

'I suppose I would!

you!


'Well, don't. He is probably the only one who is listening to












1

'upstart -выскочка

shut up – замолчать





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Дата добавления 06.03.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
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