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Выбранный для просмотра документ ANSWERS Text.docx

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Friends help you live longer

A new health report* says that having good friends in your old age helps you live longer. The report also says that having close friends may be more important than having close family ties. Researchers interviewed 1,500 Australians over the age of 70 about their social and family ties. The results suggest that people with close friendships were 22 per cent more likely to live longer. The researchers said this is because of the positive effects on the body of social activity and recreation.

The researchers analyzed data from an Australian study, which began in 1992. The 10-year-long study measured how behavioral, economic, environmental and social factors affected the health of 70-year-olds. The senior citizens were monitored annually for four years and then at three-yearly intervals. The team found that those with the strongest network of friends were less likely to die by the end of the ten-year period. This was true even when the senior citizen lost a spouse. The message is to keep in touch if you want to live longer

Выбранный для просмотра документ FRIENDS ARE GOOD FOR YOUR HEALTH 1.docx

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FRIENDS ARE GOOD FOR YOUR HEALTH

In the quest for the better health many people turn to doctors, self-help books or herbal supplements. But they overlook a powerful weapon that could help them fight illness and depression, speed of recovery, slow aging and prolong life: their friends.

Researchers are only now starting to pay attention to the importance of friendship and social networks on overall health.

A ten-year Australian study found that older people with a large circle of friends lived longer than those with fewer friends. A large 2007 study showed an increase of nearly 60% in the risk for obesity among people whose friends gained weight. And last year Harvard researchers reported that strong social ties could promote brain health as we age.

In general, the role of friendship in our lives isn’t terribly well appreciated,” said Rebecca G. Adams, a professor of Sociology at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro. “There is just scads of stuff on families and marriage, but very little on friendship. It baffles me. Friendship has a bigger impact on our psychological well-being than family relationships.”

In a new book, “The Girls From Ames: A Story of Women and a 40-Year Friendship” (Gotham), Jeffrey Zaslow tells the story of 11 childhood friends who scattered from Iowa to eight different states. Despite the distance, their friendships endured through college and marriage, divorce and other crises.

Using scrapbooks, photo albums and the women’s own memories, Mr. Zaslow chronicles how their close friendships have shaped their lives and continue to sustain them. The role of friendship in their health and well-being is evident in almost every chapter… One of the women recently found out that she had a debilitating disease.

The first people I told were the women from Ames,” she said in an interview. “I e-mailed them. I immediately had e-mails and phone calls and messages of support. It was instant that the love poured in from all of them.”

When she complained about her treatment, an Ames girl sent a smoothie maker and recipes. The woman said she was often more comfortable discussing her illness with her girlfriends than with her doctor. “We go so far back that these women will talk about anything,” she said.

Bella De Paulo, a visiting psychology professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara, whose work focuses on single people and friendships, notes that in many studies, friendship has an even greater effect on health than a spouse or family member.

While many friendship studies focus on the intense relationships of women, some research shows that men can benefit, too. In a six-year study of 736 middle-age Swedish men, attachment to a single person didn’t appear to affect the risk of getting certain diseases, but having friendships did. Only smoking was as important a risk factor as lack of social support.

Exactly why friendship has such a big effect isn’t entirely clear. While friends can run errands and pick up medicine for a sick person, the benefits go well beyond physical assistance; indeed, proximity does not seem to be a factor.

It may be that people with strong social ties also have better access to health services and care. Beyond that, however, friendship clearly has a profound psychological effect. People with strong friendships are less likely than others to get colds, perhaps because they have lower stress levels.

Last year, researchers studied 34 students at the University of Virginia, taking them to the base of a steep hill and fitting them with a weighted backpack. They were then asked to estimate the steepness of the hill. Some participants stood next to friends during the exercise, while others were alone.

The students who stood with friends gave lower estimates of the steepness of the hill. And the longer the friends had known each other, the less steep the hill appeared.

People with stronger friendship networks feel like there is someone they can turn to,” said Karen A. Roberto, director of the center for gerontology at Virginia Tech. “Friendship is an undervalued resource. The consistent message of these studies is that friends make your life better.”













Выбранный для просмотра документ Listening Intermediate.docx

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Listen to the article and write down what you hear, word by word: (00-00:58) Friends help you live longer

A new health report says that _______________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________



Listen to the article and write down what you hear, word by word: (00:58-01:57)

Friends help you live longer



The researchers analyzed data________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________







2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article:

a.

report

beneficial

b.

ties

questioned

c.

interviewed

husband or wife

d.

suggest

checked

e.

positive

yearly

f.

measured

study

g.

monitored

indicate

h.

annually

group

i.

network

relations

j.

spouse

gauged






























2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article:

a.

report

beneficial

b.

ties

questioned

c.

interviewed

husband or wife

d.

suggest

checked

e.

positive

yearly

f.

measured

study

g.

monitored

indicate

h.

annually

group

i.

network

relations

j.

spouse

gauged




Выбранный для просмотра документ ListeningElementary.docx

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Listen and fill in the spaces. Friends help you live longer

A new health report says that having good friends __ ___ ___ ___ helps you live longer. The report also says that having ____ ______ may be more important than having close ______ ____. Researchers interviewed 1,500 Australians over the age of 70 about their social and family ties. The results _______ ____ people with close friendships were 22 per cent more likely to live longer. The researchers said this is because of the ________ ______ on the body of social activity and recreation.

The researchers ________ ____ from an Australian study, which began in 1992. The 10-year-long study ________ ___ behavioral, economic, environmental and social factors ________ ___ _____ of 70-year-olds. The senior citizens were monitored annually for four years and then at ____-______ _________. The team found that those with the strongest network of friends were ____ ______ __ die by the end of the ten-year period. This was true even when the senior citizen ____ __ _____. The message is to _____ __ ______ if you want to live longer.


Listen and fill in the spaces. Friends help you live longer

A new health report says that having good friends __ ___ ___ ___ helps you live longer. The report also says that having ____ ______ may be more important than having close ______ ____. Researchers interviewed 1,500 Australians over the age of 70 about their social and family ties. The results _______ ____ people with close friendships were 22 per cent more likely to live longer. The researchers said this is because of the ________ ______ on the body of social activity and recreation.

The researchers ________ ____ from an Australian study, which began in 1992. The 10-year-long study ________ ___ behavioral, economic, environmental and social factors ________ ___ _____ of 70-year-olds. The senior citizens were monitored annually for four years and then at ____-______ _________. The team found that those with the strongest network of friends were ____ ______ __ die by the end of the ten-year period. This was true even when the senior citizen ____ __ _____. The message is to _____ __ ______ if you want to live longer.

Выбранный для просмотра документ Speaking.docx

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SPEAKING

FAMILY OR FRIENDS: In pairs / groups, talk about whether you prefer to do / spend the following activities / occasions with family or friends. Do you think this will change when you are in your seventies?

ACTIVITY

Shopping

Birthdays

Go to the movies

Overseas vacations

Go to restaurants

Chat on the phone

Visit a doctor for a health check

Christmas, or other similar religious event

E-mail/ Social networks

Other __________

FAMILY OR FRIENDS (NOW)

FAMILY OR FRIENDS (IN MY 70s)














  1. SPEAKING

FAMILY OR FRIENDS: In pairs / groups, talk about whether you prefer to do / spend the following activities / occasions with family or friends. Do you think this will change when you are in your seventies?

ACTIVITY

Shopping

Birthdays

Go to the movies

Overseas vacations

Go to restaurants

Chat on the phone

Visit a doctor for a health check

Christmas, or other similar religious event

E-mail/ Social networks

Other __________

FAMILY OR FRIENDS (NOW)

FAMILY OR FRIENDS (IN MY 70s)




FRIENDS ARE GOOD FOR YOUR HEALTH

In the quest for the better health many people turn to doctors, self-help books or herbal supplements. But they overlook a powerful weapon that could help them fight illness and depression, speed of recovery, slow aging and prolong life: their friends.

Researchers are only now starting to pay attention to the importance of friendship and social networks on overall health. “In general, the role of friendship in our lives isn’t terribly well appreciated,” said Rebecca G. Adams, a professor of Sociology at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro. “There is just scads of stuff on families and marriage, but very little on friendship. It baffles me. Friendship has a bigger impact on our psychological well-being than family relationships.”

In a new book, “The Girls From Ames: A Story of Women and a 40-Year Friendship” (Gotham), Jeffrey Zaslow tells the story of 11 childhood friends who scattered from Iowa to eight different states. Despite the distance, their friendships endured through college and marriage, divorce and other crises.

Using scrapbooks, photo albums and the women’s own memories, Mr. Zaslow chronicles how their close friendships have shaped their lives and continue to sustain them. The role of friendship in their health and well-being is evident in almost every chapter… One of the women recently found out that she had a debilitating disease.

The first people I told were the women from Ames,” she said in an interview. “I e-mailed them. I immediately had e-mails and phone calls and messages of support. It was instant that the love poured in from all of them.”

When she complained about her treatment, an Ames girl sent a smoothie maker and recipes. The woman said she was often more comfortable discussing her illness with her girlfriends than with her doctor. “We go so far back that these women will talk about anything,” she said.

Bella De Paulo, a visiting psychology professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara, whose work focuses on single people and friendships, notes that in many studies, friendship has an even greater effect on health than a spouse or family member.


FRIENDS ARE GOOD FOR YOUR HEALTH

In the quest for the better health many people turn to doctors, self-help books or herbal supplements. But they overlook a powerful weapon that could help them fight illness and depression, speed of recovery, slow aging and prolong life: their friends.

Researchers are only now starting to pay attention to the importance of friendship and social networks on overall health.

While many friendship studies focus on the intense relationships of women, some research shows that men can benefit, too. In a six-year study of 736 middle-age Swedish men, attachment to a single person didn’t appear to affect the risk of getting certain diseases, but having friendships did. Only smoking was as important a risk factor as lack of social support.

Exactly why friendship has such a big effect isn’t entirely clear. While friends can run errands and pick up medicine for a sick person, the benefits go well beyond physical assistance; indeed, proximity does not seem to be a factor.

It may be that people with strong social ties also have better access to health services and care. Beyond that, however, friendship clearly has a profound psychological effect. People with strong friendships are less likely than others to get colds, perhaps because they have lower stress levels.

Last year, researchers studied 34 students at the University of Virginia, taking them to the base of a steep hill and fitting them with a weighted backpack. They were then asked to estimate the steepness of the hill. Some participants stood next to friends during the exercise, while others were alone.


The students who stood with friends gave lower estimates of the steepness of the hill. And the longer the friends had known each other, the less steep the hill appeared.

People with stronger friendship networks feel like there is someone they can turn to,” said Karen A. Roberto, director of the center for gerontology at Virginia Tech. “Friendship is an undervalued resource. The consistent message of these studies is that friends make your life better.”



















Краткое описание документа:

Предлагаемый архивированный материал состоит из 6 файлов:

1. Звуковой файл MP3 friends

2. Задание по аудированию. Listening - Elementary

3. Задание по аудированию. Listening - Intermediate

4. Ответы к заданию по аудированию. Answers - Text

5. Таблица для заполнения и работы в парах. Speaking. О значении дружбы в настоящее время и в старости.

6. Научно-популярный текст "Friends are good for your health" (level: at least Intermediate)

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