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Материал по теме "Животные"
In Western countries, people spend a lot of money on their pets. They buy special food and toys for their cats and dogs and often pay high fees for medical treatment. Some people think this is a waste of money, and argue that pets are dirty and dangerous.
In many Western countries people are fond of keeping pets. However, others say that pets are often dangerous and aggressive.
Personally, I think that people can benefit from pets in many ways. First of all, animals are usually devoted to their owners and love them. You will hardly feel lonely and depressed if you have a pet. Secondly, pets help people stay healthy. For example, doctors have found out that people who have high blood pressure feel much better when they stroke pets and talk to them. What is more, pets encourage their owners to get out and exercise. Dog owners usually spend much time walking which helps them improve their overall health. It is a well-known fact that people who have pets are happier and live longer than those who don't.
But many people say that they are too busy to take care of animals. Others think that it is too difficult and time-consuming to keep pets. Cats, dogs, birds, fish, hamsters and other creatures require not only human love and kindness but also food, medical care, training and shelter. You must feed them regularly, keep them clean, go to the veterinarian for their yearly checkup and so on. It takes much effort and causes extra expenses. It is also obvious that animals make a lot of noise, may look untidy and disturb the members of your family.
To conclude, it's important to realize that owning a pet is a great responsibility and additional work. However, for most people, the advantages of having a pet outweigh the disadvantages. Anyway, everybody must remember that all pets need love and care just as people do.
Some people believe that animals without owners should have the right to live on the streets in cities. Others say that they could be dangerous and should be collected and found new homes, or even put down.
Unfortunately, many cats and dogs suffer abandonment, cruelty and neglect nowadays. Some of us think that it is quite normal and there is no need to change the situation. But others are convinced that some urgent measures must be taken in order to improve the lives of homeless animals.
To my mind, the lives of homeless cats and dogs are full of hardships: they starve, catch different diseases and suffer from cold and people's cruelty. Furthermore, they may be rather dangerous because people may get infection from them. Besides, stray dogs may attack people and even kill them. In my opinion, living on the street is not a right, but a necessity for poor creatures that have no choice. I think that volunteers should catch homeless animals, provide them with food and medical care and try to find home for them. But I am against killing homeless cats and dogs because I find it inhumane.
On the other hand, some people believe that many owners cannot provide good homes for their pets and the full lives that they deserve. Living in our homes animals must obey commands and can only behave how people allow them to. Dogs, cats, or birds want to be free, but they are confined to a house, yard or cage. But I think that domesticated animals are not able to survive on their own in the wild and it is cruel to throw them out on the streets.
To sum up, people must be responsible for both domesticated and wild animals. I believe that homeless animals are a serious social problem that must be solved as soon as possible.
Some people keep exotic animals as pets nowadays. Others say that it is difficult and dangerous to take care of unusual pets.
Today some people keep rare and unusual animals in their houses. But do alligators, tigers, crocodiles, snakes or raccoons feel comfortable living with people? And is it safe to keep such animals as pets?
Personally, I think that owners of exotic animals are going to have many problems with them. Firstly, many professionals, including veterinarians and zoologists strongly discourage the keeping of exotic animals as pets, as their needs may be difficult to meet by the average owner. Providing appropriate environmental conditions, housing and diet for an exotic animal may be rather difficult. Secondly, unlike cats and dogs, exotic animals have not been domesticated and remain wild. Even if they are raised by humans, they may be unpredictable, aggressive and dangerous, especially as full-grown adults. Finally, some animals are known to carry diseases that can affect humans.
However, some people say that having an exotic pet is funny and "cool". They are fond of showing their pets to their friends and relatives who cannot stop admiring these rare animals. Besides, the information about many commonly kept reptiles, birds and small exotic mammals is widely available through literature, Internet websites and discussion forms. Although having an exotic pet is sometimes challenging, it is generally very interesting and rewarding. But I believe that most animals feel much better in their natural homes where they have the right climate, food and exercises that meet their needs.
To conclude, most countries have the laws that forbid people to keep exotic animal as pets. To my mind, the government must strictly control the trade of some exotic animals around the world in order to prevent any threats to their survival and ecological damage.
Many people enjoy visiting zoos. Others believe that animals should not be taken from their natural surroundings and put into zoos.
A lot of people, especially children, are fond of going to the zoo. There they have an opportunity to look at wild animals, exotic birds, insects, reptiles and fish. When we come to the zoo, we can see animals that we would never have a chance to see in our country. But is it right to keep animals in the zoo?
Personally, I think that animals should live in their natural habitats. Animals that live in zoos are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public. It is difficult to create ideal captive environments for some species and sometimes animals have to live in bad conditions and look miserable and untidy. They may suffer from lack of space, comfort and good food. Some wild animals feel stressed in captivity. Sometimes they are kept in such small cages that they are unable to turn around. Besides, in spite of prohibition many visitors give animals food that may do harm to their health and cause different diseases.
However, some zoos keep fewer animals in larger, outdoor enclosures, rather than in cages. For instance, safari parks allow visitors to drive through them and come in close contact with the animals. What is more, most modern zoos display wild animals primarily for the conservation of endangered species, as well as for research purposes and education, and secondarily for the entertainment of visitors. But I still believe that animals feel much better without people's control.
To sum up, I think that the conservation and educational role of zoos should be strengthened. All zoos must be inspected and licensed, and all animals must be provided with a suitable environment.
Most people are convinced that a digital pet cannot substitute a real one. Others suggest that digital pets are preferable for a number of reasons.
Some children keep digital pets instead of real ones for companionship or enjoyment. But a lot of people doubt that the relationship with robotic animals can have a good effect on a child.
I strongly feel that digital pets can never be compared with real cats, dogs and other animals. They do not even have concrete physical form. Instead of a cute little kitten or a funny puppy, you have a palm-sized computer with a small screen. I doubt that feeding, washing or playing with the digital pet may be interesting and rewarding. Nevertheless, some children believe that their digital pets are really alive and they feel extremely unhappy if their virtual cats and dogs fall ill or die. In addition, it is quite possible to become addicted to the digital pet. Some children play with them when they should be doing something else, for example, their homework.
But some people believe that digital pets have a number of benefits. Firstly, a relationship with the digital pet teaches children that their desires cannot always come first. It can also teach boys and girls to be responsible because the digital pet requires constant attention, otherwise it will "die". Secondly, having a digital pet is a good training before adopting a real animal. Finally, digital pets can successfully substitute real ones for children who cannot care for a real pet, such as those who suffer from allergies.
To sum up, digital pets are usually predictable and they cannot give us as much joy and satisfaction as real ones. Anyway, parents should take into consideration all advantages and disadvantages before buying a digital pet to their children.
Animals / Животные
There are two types of animals.We know wild animals. They are those that live in the woods, jungles and in the fields. They are: foxes, tigers, wolves, elephants, hares and so on.
And there are animals that live near the people. They are called domestic animals. And some of them even help people. Horses, bulls, dogs help people a lot. Domestic animals are cows, cats, sheep and so on.
Many years ago when there were no cars and trucks people used horses and bulls working in the fields. Dogs are our great friends but they also guard our houses and they are used in the army and by the police. Cats catch mice and rats. As for other domestic animals they are also very useful. Hens, ducks, geese, turkeys give meat and eggs. Cows and goats give milk.
It should be said that both wild and domestic animals can be good actors and we can see them in the circus. There are animal-trainers that train a certain kind of animals. For example, Kucklachov has the theatre where cats play main parts. Such shows are really funny and interesting.
Существуют два вида животных. Мы знаем диких животных. Ими являются те, которые живут в лесу, джунглях и в полях. К ним относятся: лисы, тигры, волки, слоны, зайцы и так далее.
Есть и животные, которые живут рядом с людьми. Они называются домашними животными. И некоторые из них даже помогают людям. Лошади, быки, собаки много помогают людям. Домашние животные также коровы, кошки, овцы и так далее.
Много лет назад, когда не было автомобилей и грузовиков люди использовали лошадей и быков, работающих на полях. Собаки - наши большие друзья, но они также охраняют наши дома и используются в армии и полиции. Кошки ловят мышей и крыс. Как и для другие домашние животные, они также очень полезны. Куры, утки, гуси, индюки дают мясо и яйца. Коровы и козы дают молоко.
Следует отметить, что и дикие и домашние животные могут быть хорошими актерами, и мы можем увидеть их в цирке. Есть дрессировщики, готовящие животных определенного вида . Например, есть театр Куклачова, где кошки играют основных роли. Такое шоу действительно смешно и интересно.
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