Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Рабочие программы / Урок английского языка«Джордж Вашингтон»
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Урок английского языка«Джордж Вашингтон»

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April ________ ,20____

Grade: 8

Unit 5:"The social and political statement of the USA"

Lesson 57

Theme: George Washington is the first President of the USA

Aims: fixing of the knowledge of the national celebrations of the USA

to introduce with new words

to develop spoken speech, skills in listening, writing and reading, understanding the text, using learnt lexis

to repeat Past Simple

to educate comprehensive person

The type of the lesson: combined

Forms: frontal work, individual work

Materials: grammar table, dictionary

Procedure of the lesson

I. Organization moment

Good morning! Sit down, please. I'm glad to see you. Who is on duty today? Who is absent today? What is the date and day today? What season is it now? All right, let's get down to work.

II. Pronunciation

Let's begin our lesson with a sputter. Look at the blackboard. I read you repeat after me.

If you stick a stock of liquor in your locker
it is slick to stick a lock upon your stock
or some joker who is slicker
is going to trick you of your liquor
if you fail to lock your liquor with a lock.

III. Examination of home work

What was your home work?

IV. Introduction of new words

Explore - исследовать

Hardshipтрудность

Ancestorпредок

Surveyor – землемер

Widowвдова

Prove - доказывать

Elect - выбирать

V. Work in class

Lexicology (work in groups)

George Washington

George Washington (1732—1799) won a lasting place in American History as the "Father of our Country". For nearly twenty years he guided his country much as a father cares for a growing child.

Washington lived an exciting life in exciting times. As a boy, he explored the wilderness. When he grew older, he helped the British fight the French and Indians. Many times he was nearly killed. As a general he suffered hardships with his troops in the cold winters.

He lost many battles, but led the American Army to final victory. After he became President, he successfully solved many problems facing his country, Washington belonged to an old colonial family that believed in hard work, in public service and in worshipping God.

George Washington was born in Westmoreland counrty, Virginia; on a farm, on February 22, 1732. His first American ancestor came to Virginia from England in 1657. Farming, land buying, trading, milling, and the iron industry were the means by which the family rose in the world. George's father, Augustine, had four children by his first wife and six by his second wife, Mary Ball, George's mother.

Of George's early life little is known. His formal education was slight: no more than 7 or 8 years of school. Men, plantation life and the haunts of river, field and forest were his principal teachers. His favourite subject was arithmetic. He studied enough history and geography to know something of the outside world. But he never learned very much about literature, foreign languages and history.

At the age of 14 he began to work as a surveyor, making many trips into the wilderness areas of Virginia and Pennsylvania. His first military experience came in the French and Indian War (1754—1763), when he was sent on two missions deep into the Ohio county.

In 1759 Washington retired and married Martha Dandridge, a rich widow. He became a loving stepfather to Martha's two children. He was a progressive farmer of that time.

In 1760's the American colonists grew angrier and angrier at the taxes placed on them by Great Britain. In September 1771 the Continental Congress met, where Washington had his first chance to meet and talk with leaders of other colonies. The members were impressed with his judgement and military knowledge. He was sent to attend the Second Continental Congress (1775) where he was elected a commander-in-chief of the Continental Army. He proved himself a capable commander of the War of Independence.

In 1787 Washington was chosen president of the Continental Convention and later elected first president of the republic (1789), followed by reelection (1792).

George Washington died after an illness of two days on December 14, 1799.

No other American has been honoured more than Washington. The nation's capital, Washington D. C., was named after him. There the giant Washington Monument stands. The state of Washington is the only state named after President. Many cities, parks, streets, bridges, lakes, and schools bear his name. Washington's portrait appears on postage stamps, on the $1 bill, and on the quarter. 

Джордж Вашингтон

Джордж Вашингтон (1732—1799) завоевал прочное место в истории Америки как "отец нашей страны". Он руководил страной около двадцати лет как отец, заботящийся о растущем ребенке.

Вашингтон прожил бурную жизнь в бурное время. Мальчиком он исследовал дикие места. Когда подрос, он помогал британцам воевать с французами и индейцами. Его чуть не убили несколько раз. Будучи генералом, он переносил трудности холодных зим вместе с солдатами.

Он много раз проигрывал сражения, но привел американскую армию к окончательной победе. После того, как Вашингтон стал президентом, он успешно решил многие проблемы, с которыми столкнулась его страна. Вашингтон принадлежал к старой колониальной семье, которая не боялась тяжелой работы, служила обществу и верила в бога.

Джордж Вашингтон родился в округе Вестморленд, штата Виржиния, на ферме 22 февраля 1732 г. Его первый предок-американец приехал в Виржинию из Англии в 1657 году. Семья стала на ноги благодаря фермерству, скупке земель, торговле, мельничному делу и железодобывающей промышленности. У отца Джорджа, которого звали Августин, было четверо детей от первой жены и шестеро детей от второй жены, Мэри Бэл, матери Джорджа.

О детстве Джорджа известно мало. Его официальное образование было неполным, не больше 7—8 лет учебы в школе. Главными его учителями были люди, жизнь на плантациях, частые прогулки к реке, в поле, по лесу. Его любимым предметом была математика. Он изучил историю и географию, и достаточно хорошо разбирался в окружающем его мире природы. Но он плохо знал литературу, иностранные языки и историю.

В 14 лет он начал работать землемером и много ездил по диким местам Виржинии и Пенсильвании. Он приобрел первый военный опыт в войне между французами и индейцами (1754—1763 гг.), когда его послали с двумя миссиями в округ Огайо.

В 1759 г. Вашингтон ушел в отставку и женился на богатой вдове Марте Дэндридж. Он стал любящим отчимом двух детей Марты. Он был прогрессивным фермером в то время.

В 60-е годы росло недовольство американских колонистов налогами, которыми их облагала Великобритания. В сентябре 1771 г. состоялся Континентальный конгресс, где у Вашингтона была первая возможность встретиться и поговорить с лидерами других колоний. Члены конгресса были поражены его суждениями и военными познаниями. Его послали на Второй Континентальный конгресс (1775 г.), где он был избран главнокомандующим Континентальной армии. Он доказал, что способен быть командующим в Войне за независимость.

В 1787 г. Вашингтон был избран президентом Континентальной конвенции и позже — первым президентом республики (1789 г.). Затем последовало переизбрание в 1792 г.

Дж. Вашингтон умер после двухдневной болезни 14 декабря 1799 г.

Ни одного американца не уважали больше, чем Вашингтона. Столица государства названа его именем. Там находится огромный памятник Вашингтону. Штат Вашингтон — единственный штат, названный именем президента. Его имя носят многие города, парки, улицы, мосты, озера, школы. Портрет Вашингтона изображен на почтовых марках, однодолларовой купюре и на монете в 25 центов. 

 Grammar

Work at the blackboard

Упражнения 1. Перепишите следующий текст в прошедшем времени. 

On Monday we have five lessons. The first lesson is English. At this lesson we write a dictation and do some exercises. Nick goes to the blackboard. 
He answers well and gets a "five". Pete does not get a "five" because he does not know his lesson. After the second lesson I go to the canteen. I eat a sandwich and drink a cup of tea. I do not drink milk. After school I do not go home at once. I go to the library and take a book. Then I go home.
 
Individual Cards

VI. Home work

Open your diaries, write down your home work. Learn the words, repeat the rule, complete the sentences.


VII. Total

What have we known today?

The marks for the lesson.

The lesson is over. Good bye.















Краткое описание документа:

Grade: 8 Unit 5:»The social and political statement of the USA» Lesson 57 Theme: George Washington is the first President of the USA Aims: fixing of the knowledge of the national celebrations of the USA            to introduce with new words            to develop spoken speech, skills in listening, writing and reading, understanding the text, using learnt lexis            to repeat Past Simple            to educate comprehensive person The type of the lesson: combined Forms: frontal work, individual work Materials: grammar table, dictionary Procedure of the lesson I. Organization moment Good morning! Sit down, please. I'm glad to see you. Who is on duty today? Who is absent today? What is the date and day today? What season is it now? All right, let's get down to work. II. Pronunciation Let's begin our lesson with a sputter. Look at the blackboard. I read you repeat after me. If you stick a stock of liquor in your locker it is slick to stick a lock upon your stock or some joker who is slicker is going to trick you of your liquor if you fail to lock your liquor with a lock. III. Examination of home work What was your  home work? IV. Introduction of new words Explore - исследовать Hardship – трудность Ancestor – предок Surveyor – землемер Widow – вдова Prove - доказывать Elect - выбирать V. Work in class Lexicology (work in groups) George Washington George Washington (1732—1799) won a lasting place in American History as the «Father of our Country». For nearly twenty years he guided his country much as a father cares for a growing child. Washington lived an exciting life in exciting times. As a boy, he explored the wilderness. When he grew older, he helped the British fight the French and Indians. Many times he was nearly killed. As a general he suffered hardships with his troops in the cold winters. He lost many battles, but led the American Army to final victory. After he became President, he successfully solved many problems facing his country, Washington belonged to an old colonial family that believed in hard work, in public service and in worshipping God. George Washington was born in Westmoreland counrty, Virginia; on a farm, on February 22, 1732. His first American ancestor came to Virginia from England in 1657. Farming, land buying, trading, milling, and the iron industry were the means by which the family rose in the world. George's father, Augustine, had four children by his first wife and six by his second wife, Mary Ball, George's mother. Of George's early life little is known. His formal education was slight: no more than 7 or 8 years of school. Men, plantation life and the haunts of river, field and forest were his principal teachers. His favourite subject was arithmetic. He studied enough history and geography to know something of the outside world. But he never learned very much about literature, foreign languages and history. At the age of 14 he began to work as a surveyor, making many trips into the wilderness areas of Virginia and Pennsylvania. His first military experience came in the French and Indian War (1754—1763), when he was sent on two missions deep into the Ohio county. In 1759 Washington retired and married Martha Dandridge, a rich widow. He became a loving stepfather to Martha's two children. He was a progressive farmer of that time. George Washington died after an illness of two days on December 14, 1799. No other American has been honoured more than Washington. The nation's capital, Washington D. C., was named after him. There the giant Washington Monument stands. The state of Washington is the only state named after President. Many cities, parks, streets, bridges, lakes, and schools bear his name. Washington's portrait appears on postage stamps, on the $1 bill, and on the quarter.   Grammar Work at the blackboard Упражнения 1. Перепишите следующий текст в про­шедшем времени.  On Monday we have five lessons. The first les­son is English. At this lesson we write a dictation and do some exercises. Nick goes to the blackboard.  He answers well and gets a «five». Pete does not get a »five» because he does not know his lesson. After the second lesson I go to the canteen. I eat a sandwich and drink a cup of tea. I do not drink milk. After school I do not go home at once. I go to the library and take a book. Then I go home.  Individual Cards VI. Home work Open your diaries, write down your home work. Learn the words, repeat the rule, complete the sentences. VII. Total What have we known today?  The marks for the lesson.   The lesson is over. Good bye.

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