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William Shakespeare – Immortal Poet of Nature “He was not of an age, but for all time.“ Ben Jonson (1996)
1. In which town was Shakespeare born? a. Stratford b. Cambridge c. London 2. How many photographs exist of William Shakespeare? a. 2 b.4 c. 1 d.0 3. What nationality was Shakespeare? a. Italian b. English c. Scottish 4. In which century was Shakespeare born? a.16th b.14th c.15th 5. What is William Shakespeare most famous for? a. Writing Music b. Writing Plays c. Making Films 6. Who did Shakespeare marry? a. Judith Sadler b. Susanna Hall c. Anne Hathaway 7. Shakespeare was the father of how many children? a. 3 b. 2 C. 10 d.1 8. Is it reasonable to think that someone other than William Shakespeare (1564-1616) of Stratford-upon-Avon wrote the works attributed to him? a. Yes. b. No.
William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare, a successful glover and alderman originally from Snitterfield, and Mary Arden, the daughter of an affluent landowning farmer. Mary Arden’s house, three miles north-west of Stratford. Here lived Shakespeare’s mother. This is a typical farm house of the period.
He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon and baptised on 26 April 1564. His actual birthdate is unknown, but is traditionally observed on 23 April. He was the third child of eight and the eldest surviving son. ( William Shakespeare’s birthplace in Henley Street)
Most biographers agree that Shakespeare may have been educated at the King's New School in Stratford,a free school chartered in 1553, about a quarter of a mile from his home. The school would have provided an intensive education in Latin grammar and the classics. This is the classroom where Shakespeare was educated, as many people believe. It’s still in use.
At the age of 18, Shakespeare married the 26-year-old Anne Hathaway. Six months after the marriage, she gave birth to a daughter, Susanna, who was baptised on 26 May 1583.Twins, son Hamnet and daughter Judith, followed almost two years later on 2 February 1585. Anna Hathaway’s cottage, a mile from Stratford, where she was born in 1556, and lived until she married William Shakespeare in 1582.
After the birth of the twins, there are few historical traces of Shakespeare until he is mentioned as part of the London theatre scene in 1592. Because of this gap, scholars refer to the years between 1585 and 1592 as Shakespeare's "lost years” Shakespeare’s plays are still done all over the world.
The motto of Shakespeare was "Non sanz droict" or "Not without right" (не без права). The interpretation of the description of the Coat of Arms granted to Shakespeare would have been the choice of the designer chosen by the Shakespeare family. The crest design would have not formed part of the Heraldic Documentation. As such an original crest is not in existence there are various interpretations of the Shakespeare Coat of Arms. None of these can be viewed as facts
London and Theatrical Career "All the world's a stage ,and all the men and women merely players: they have their exits and their entrances; and one man in his time plays many parts..." It is not known exactly when Shakespeare began writing, but contemporary allusions and records of performances show that several of his plays were on the London stage by 1592
From 1594, Shakespeare's plays were performed only by the Lord Chamberlain's Men, a company owned by a group of players, including Shakespeare, that soon became the leading playing company in London. After the death of Queen Elizabeth in 1603, the company was awarded a royal patent by the new king, James I, and changed its name to the King's Men. In 1599, a partnership of company members built their own theatre on the south bank of the Thames, which they called the Globe.The company made Shakespeare a wealthy man.
Later Years and Death Shakespeare divided his time between London and Stratford during his career. Shakespeare died on 23 April 1616. This is the place where the house in which Shakespeare died used to be. It was a big house bought by William Shakespeare for his family when he was still in London. Here he spent the last years of his life.
In his will, Shakespeare left the bulk of his large estate to his elder daughter Susanna. Shakespeare's will scarcely mentions his wife, Anne, who was probably entitled to one third of his estate automatically. Shakespeare's signature on its will Signatures of Shakespeare which are known now
Shakespeare was buried in the chancel of the Holy Trinity Church two days after his death
Shakespeare's Grave. The stone slab covering his grave is inscribed with a curse against moving his bones: Good frend for Iesvs sake forbeare, To digg the dvst encloased heare. Blest be ye man yt spares thes stones, And cvrst be he yt moves my bones. Друг, ради Господа, не рой Останков, взятых сей землёй; Нетронувший блажен в веках, И проклят — тронувший мой прах. (Перевод А. Величанского)
Shakespeare has been commemorated in many statues and memorials around the world THE STRATFORD MEMORIAL BUST - PICTURE OF SHAKESPEARE The memorial bust of Shakespeare was erected in the Stratford Parish Church. The name of the creator of the original bust is unknown but it is believed to have been commissioned by Shakespeare's daughter and her husband Dr Hall. Mention is made of the bust in the First Folio in a verse by Leonard Digges: "And Time dissolves thy Stratford Monument, Here we alive shall view thee soon. This book, When brass and marble fade, shall make thee look Fresh to all ages." The original memorial bust can therefore be dated between 1616 when Shakespeare died and 1623 when the First Folio was published.
Royal Shakespeare Theatre Another memorial to William Shakespeare is the Royal Shakespeare Theatre. The present building was constructed in 1932. The first building was opened on Shakespeare's birthday in 1879 and destroyed by fire in 1926
William Shakespeare’s great plays Twelfth Night Hamlet 1603 All's Well That Ends Well 1604 Othello 1606 King Lear 1606 Macbeth Ромео и Джульетта. Картина Ф. Дикси (1884) 1593 The Comedy of Errors' Romeo and Juliet A Midsummer Night's Dream The Merchant of Venice Julius Caesar As You Like It
Hamlet, Horatio, Marcellus, and the Ghost of Hamlet's Father. Henry Fuseli, 1780–5. Kunsthaus Zürich. Oberon, Titania and Puck with Fairies Dancing. By William Blake, c. 1786. Tate Britain.
Pictures of William Shakespeare As William Shakespeare did not come from a noble background no portraits or pictures of the Bard, or any members of his family, were commissioned. The following images or pictures of William Shakespeare were all apparently crafted after his death. The pictures portrayed of William Shakespeare differ dramatically. THE DROESHOUT ENGRAVING - PICTURE OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE The copper engraving picture of William Shakespeare by Martin Droeshout was published on the title page of the First Folio in 1623.
WILLIAM MARSHALL ENGRAVING PICTURE OF SHAKESPEARE This image was similar to the Droeshout copper engraving but was reversed and the features altered.
THE STRATFORD PORTRAIT - PICTURE OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE This picture is known as the Stratford portrait. The picture is so called as it is housed at Stratford.
THE CHANDOS PORTRAIT - PICTURE OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE The portrait receives its name as it was once in the possession of the Duke of Chandos. The Chandos picture is by far the most attractive of the pictures of William Shakespeare and is typical of English paintings, portraits and costumes of the period.
THE SANDERS PORTRAIT - PICTURE OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE The painting on the right is referred to as the Sanders Portrait and was discovered in Eastern Canada in the Spring of 2001. John Sanders is believed to have been a scene painter in William Shakespeare's Theatre Company. The picture is oil on wood and the label on the back of the portrait claims that the picture is "Shakspere, born April 23rd 1564, died April 23rd 1616, aged 52,
!. In which town was Shakespeare born? a.Stratford b. Cambridge c. London d. Oxford 2. How many photographs exist of William Shakespeare? a. 2 b.4 c. 1 d.0 3. What nationality was Shakespeare? a.Italian b. English c. Scottish d. Greek 4. In which century was Shakespeare born? a.16th b.14th c.15th d. 17th 5. What is William Shakespeare most famous for? a. Writing Music b. Writing Plays cMaking Films 6. Who did Shakespeare marry? a. Judith Sadler b. Susanna Hall c. Anne Hathaway 7. Shakespeare was the father of how many children? a. 3 b. 2 C. 10 d.1 8. Is it reasonable to think that someone other than William Shakespeare (1564-1616) of Stratford-upon-Avon wrote the works attributed to him? a. Yes. b. No.
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If thou survive my well-contented day,
When that churl Death my bones with dust, shall covet
And shalt by fortune once more re-survey
These poor rude lines of thy deceased lover,
Compare them with the bettering of the time,
And though they be out stripp 'd by every pen,
Reserve them for my love, not for their rhyme,
Exceeded by the height of happier men.
0, then vouchsafe me but this loving thought:
"Had my friend's Muse grown with this growing age,
A dearer birth than this his love had brought,
To march in ranks of better equipage:
But since he died and poets better prove,
Theirs for the style I'll read, his for his love."
и, если ты тот день переживёшь,
Когда меня накроет смерть доскою,
И эти строчки бегло перечтешь,
Написанные дружеской рукою,—
Сравнишь ли ты меня и молодежь?
Ее искусство выше будет вдвое.
Но пусть я буду по-милу хорош
Тем, что при жизни полон был тобою.
Ведь если бы я не отстал в пути,
С растущим веком мог бы я расти
И лучшие принес бы посвященья
Среди певцов иного поколенья.
Но так как с мертвым спор ведут они—
Во мне любовь, в них мастерство цени!
Let those who are in favour with their stars
Of public honour and proud titles boast,
Whilst1 I, whom fortune of such triumph bars,
Unlooked for joy in that I honour most.
Great princes' favourites their fair leaves spread
But as the marigold at the sun's eye,
And in themselves their pride lies buried,
For at a frown they in their glory die.
The painful warrior famoused for fight,
After a thousand victories once foiled,
Is from the book of honour razed quite,
And all the rest forgot for which he toiled.
Then happy I that love and am beloved,
Where ! may not remove nor be removed
Кто под звездой счастливою рожден —
Гордится славой, титулом и властью.
А я судьбой скромнее награжден,
И для меня любовь — источник счастья.
Под солнцем пышно листья распростер Наперсник принца, ставленник вельможи.
Но гаснет солнца благосклонный взор,
И золотой подсолнух гаснет тоже.
Военачальник, баловень побед,
В бою последнем терпит пораженье,
И всех его заслуг потерян след.
Его удел — опала и забвенье.
Но нет угрозы титулам моим
Пожизненным: любил, люблю, любим.
Weary with toil I haste me to my bed, The dear repose for limbs with travel tired; But then begins a journey in my head To work my mind when body's work's expired: For then my thoughts, from far where I abide, Intend a zealous pilgrimage to thee, And keep my drooping eyelids open wide, Looking on darkness which the blind do see: Save that my soul's imaginary sight Presents their shadow to my sightless view, Which like a jewel hung in ghastly night Makes black night beauteous and her old face new. Lo, thus by day my limbs, by night my mind, For thee, and for myself, no quiet find.
Трудами изнурен, хочу уснуть, Блаженный отдых обрести в постели. Но только лягу, вновь пускаюсь в путь — В своих мечтах — к одной и той же цели
Мои мечты и чувства в сотый раз Идут к тебе дорогой пилигрима, И, не смыкая утомленных глаз, Я вижу тьму, что и слепому зрима.
Усердным взором сердца и ума
Во тьме тебя ищу, лишенный зренья.
И кажется великолепной тьма,
Когда в нее ты входишь светлой тенью.
Мне от любви покоя не найти.
И днем и ночью — я всегда в пути.
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«William Shakespeare – Immortal Poet of Nature»
(Culture Corner 5).
учитель английского языка
Цель урока: формирование у школьников иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции.
1. Развитие навыков и умений по теме.
2. Познакомить учащихся с жизнью и деятельностью великого писателя.
Развитие языковой и контекстуальной догадки, расширение общего кругозора учащихся в области британской культуры.
Развивающая: развивать память, внимание, мышление учащихся, познавательные интересы.
Воспитательная: формировать культуру говорения, умение слушать, обогатить знания учащихся о великом писателе, прививать любовь и интерес учащихся к иностранному языку и литературе.
Технологии: групповая, ИКТ, коммуникативного обучения иноязычной культуре Е.И. Пассова
Оснащение: компьютер, раздаточный материал, классная доска, проектор.
Презентация “William Shakespeare – Immortal Poet of Nature”.
Отрывок из аудиокниги «Romeo and Juliet».
Аудио-отрывок из книги «William Shakespeare» by Jennifer Basset
Речевые действия учителя
Речевые действия учащихся
I. Организационный момент, введение темы. Целеполагание.
Good morning, dear friends. Today we are going to speak about the greatest English
writer W. Shakespeare, about his life, love and work. You will get to know some interesting facts from W. Shakespeare's biography, you'll learn some Shakespeare's statements which nowadays winged expressions are and you'll listen to Shakespeare's sonnets . Everyone I think has a favourite Shakespeare's play in his memory: "Othello", "King Lear", "Romeo and Juliet". Your homework for today was to study some facts from W. Shakespeare's biography ( SB p. 85) and the time when he lived and worked. Let’s revise the material. ( cм. Презентацию, слайды 1-23).
На доске записаны вопросы, на которые учащиеся отвечают по мере прочтения информации на слайдах.
Who exactly was he?
What did Shakespeare write?
What were his plays about?
Where were his plays performed and who went
to see them?
1.Учащиеся приветствуют учителя.
Учащиеся по цепочке читают информацию на слайдах, закрепляют материал, изученный самостоятельно дома.
Suggested Answer Key
Who exactly was he?
William Shakespeare was an English poet and
What did Shakespeare write?
He wrote plays.
What were his plays about?
His plays were about people in different
situations. He wrote comedies, tragedies and
Where were his plays performed and who went
to see them?
Most of his plays were held in The Globe
Theatre, in London. The people who attended
the plays were from all social classes.
II. Введение в тему.
Подготовка к активному усвоению материала урока.
Work in pairs.
2. We have mentioned the main facts in W. Shakespeare's biography. Now let’s do the quiz about W. Shakespeare's life (См. Презентацию, слайд 35)
3. Please open your SB p.85, Ex. 2 and mark the sentences as True, False or Not stated. Correct the false statements.
1 F His plays are performed and studied
all over the world.
6 TRomeo and Juliet is a tragedy.)
4. Listen to the extract from the book «William Shakespeare» by Jennifer Basset and answer the question: “William Shakespeare was glad to leave to London, wasn’t he?” ( см. приложение, Аудио-отрывок из книги «William Shakespeare» by Jennifer Basset). 5. Listen to the account from one of Shakespeare's play and tell us what play it is from (см. приложение, отрывок из аудиокниги «Romeo and Juliet»).
6. Work in groups.
" To be or not to be, that is the question". This statement knows everyone.
Do you know other Shakespeare's statements?
The beginning at the end –
The whirligig of time –
There is the rub –
As well that ends well –
To win golden opinions –
7. The next part of our lesson is devoted to Shakespeare's sonnets. W.S. describes his beloved women in the sonnets very often. Shakespeare's love was love to an ordinary woman. She was not perfect and beautiful, but Shakespeare loved her. He compared her with a goodness.
Учащиеся работают в парах, сначала выполняют задание теста, затем упражнение из учебника.
Учащиеся слушают запись, выражают своё мнение.
(Yes, he was).
Учащиеся прослушивают аудиозапись, отвечают на вопрос.
Учащиеся работают в группе, переводят крылатые выражения.
The beginning at the end – начало конца.
The whirligig of time – превратности судьбы.
There is the rub – вот в чём загвоздка.
As well that ends well – всё хорошо, что хорошо кончается.
To win golden opinions – заслужить благоприятное мнение.
Учащиеся читают сонеты на английском и русском языках ( см. приложение).
III. Окончание урока. Рефлексия.
Dear friends. Our lesson is over. We have known some facts from W. Shakespeare's life. You have listened to some of his sonnets. The language of W. Shakespeare's plays is difficult. But the problems, subjects of the sonnets and plays remains topical. That's why I think W. Shakespeare is an immortal poet of nature.
Thank you for you answers, for taking an active part in the lesson. Good bye!
SB Ex. 5 p. 85
Учащимся предлагается выполнить небольшую проектную работу, собрать информацию о известном поэте России и представить её либо в виде текста, либо в виде презентации.
Краткое описание документа:
Этот урок разработан для 9 класса к учебнику Spotlight 9 к разделу Culture Corner 5. Разработка включает в себя: конспект урока, презентацию, аудиофайлы, сонеты .Шекспира с переводом на русский язык. Презентация состоит из 25 слайдов и содержит основные моменты биографии и творчества писателя.Аудиофайлы содержат в себе отрывок на английском языке из "Ромео и Джульеты" и отрывок на английском языке из биографии поэта и драматурга.Целью урока является познакомить учащихся с жизнью и деятельностью великого английского писателя, расширить общий кругозор учащихся в области британской литературы, формироваать у учащихся культуру говорения и умения слушать.