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Тематический Кейс - Modern Youth

Выбранный для просмотра документ Exercises.docx

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hello_html_m61d6a53.gifExercises

Exercise 1. Answer the questions and make up a story about problems of young people


1. At what age can a young person take the responsibilities of adulthood?

2. Why do most young people experience conflicts during the period of adolescence?

3. What kinds of difficulties do some young people have in their relationship with their parents or at school?

4. Being young we have a lot of plans and enjoy our life, don't we?

5. Can young people always discuss their physical, social or emotional problems with their parents or teachers?

6. Whose values are the teenagers most influenced by?

7. What role does the mass-media play in the development of the teenagers' values?

8. What can be the ideals of young people?

9. From whom do they usually choose their idols?

10. What fan-clubs do you know in this country or abroad?

11. Can you explain what youth subculture is?

12. What do young people do in their search for self-identification?

13. Why do they speak their own slang?

14. What colours do they prefer?

15. What kind of clothes do they wear?

16. What problems do they face today?

17. What can you say about unemployment, a shortage of money and getting a good education?

18. Why may these problems lead young people to use alcohol, drugs or even to crime?

19. Are young people interested in politics?

20. Our society is becoming more and more differentiated, isn't it?

21. What political youth organizations can you name?

22. Why does the social and cultural life of young people at colleges and universities differ?

23. Do you agree that troublesome teenagers need friendly people around?

24. What international voluntary organization do young people take an active part in?

25. What can you say about the Red Cross, Greenpeace and the Peace Corps?



Exercise 2. ( Reading + English in Use) Read the text and do the exercises.

A Time to Leave

It was one of those wet and windy days that you can so often get in the middle of an English summer. Clouds hung over the rough sea and the empty beach and over the shops and hotels of the small seaside town.

From the large window of the Surfer’s Shop Julie looked dreamily across the bay and the yellow sand of the surfer’s beach. It seemed unbelievable, but there were actually surfers in the water.

Sometimes during her lunch hour, if she wanted to be alone, Julie walked down to the harbour and watched the boats. In Julie’s town, people still lived from the sea. The rain had now stopped and the blue sky appeared between the clouds . The harbour was popular with the tourists. They liked to look at the boats and feed the birds.

A couple of boys from her class had become fishermen. They were now working with their fathers or training with a local captain. It was rough, uncomfortable life, with hard work and low wages. It wasn’t something she could do. Julie sat on an empty box. She wondered what she could do. School had finished so suddenly. She had known it would happen one day, but she had never prepared for her new life properly. The summer holidays had started as usual, but she and her friends had not gone back when they were over. Now she was working in the Surfer’s Shop. It was like one of the part-time jobs she had done on a Saturday, but now it lasted all week. She could hardly say she was happy. But her friends didn’t seem to be happy either.

During a quiet period that afternoon she read in a newspaper the following advert.


Independent young girl required to work as

au pair

for a family in San Diego, California.

Mrs J.Edwards

2001 Pasadena Ave,

San Diego CA 92109


It seemed to jump out at her; she read it again and again. She looked away and thought: should she apply? What would her parents say? She wrote down the address and decided to talk to them that evening.

«Where?» asked her mother.

«San Diego, California,» said Julie.

«You’re too young», her father said.

«I’m old enough to work here. Why can’t I work in California?»

«Do you know where that is?» her father said.

«You talk as if it’s round the corner. And you don’t even know who these people are or what they’re like.»

«I can write and find out,» she said.

«But why ?» asked her mother. «You’ve got a perfectly good home here, your own room, a good job.»

«There’s nothing for me here, Mum. Can’t you understand that? What kind of future have I got? A job, a family, a car, a house? I don’t want to spend the rest of my life paying for a mortgage.

Angrily, Julie left the table and ran up to her room. Her room was nice and comfortable. Her parents had decorated it again only recently. She had her own stereo, her own TV. Nothing was missing, but somehow she didn’t really want it.

Downstairs she could hear the same arguments she had heard once before when Anne had decided to go and live in London : homeless young people, the dangers of big cities, crime, bad friends. But Anne had always said it was important to leave her home town and experience other people and places while she was still young.

Some time later her mother knocked on the door and came in. «Are you still angry?» she asked. Julie nodded.

Her mother sat on the bed next to her. «Don’t be. We’ve been through this once already with your sister and we don’t want to make the same mistakes again. You have to grow up and do what you want to do, although we don’t necessarily agree. We just hope that you are doing the right thing. And your Dad is frightening of losing you. He would do anything to keep you here. We had a long talk and we both feel that you should write to the family».

Julie hugged her mother. «Thanks, Mum», she said.

Downstairs the front door opened and her father left the house to take the dog for its evening walk. From her window Julie watched him as he walked slowly towards the garden gate. He stopped and looked up quickly, but made no sign that he had seen her. She hoped that this time it would be easier to say goodbye.



Exercise1. Comprehension. Fill in the table by adding information from the text.

  1. The action takes place in.........

  2. Julie lives with........

  3. Her job is.........

  4. Julie isn’t very satisfied with her present job. (True / False).........

  5. What are her parents arguments against her new job?...........

Exercise 2. Here are some things that Julie told the career officer. Write the officer’s questions.

  1. I’m eighteen years old.

  1. I’ve been living in England for 18 years.

  2. I left school last year.

  3. Now I’m looking for a job here, in my town. I have a part-time job in a Surfer’s Shop.

  4. I don’t enjoy my present job.

............ 10 marks

Exercise 3 . After her interview Julie told her friends what she had been asked about. Rewrite the officer’s questions in the reported speech. ( 11-15)

......... 10 marks ( 2 points for each item)

Exercise 4. Guided Writing. Write down what the text is about in no more than 5 sentences.

Here is some help.

  1. Julie lives........and works.......

  1. She doesn’t like.......

  2. One day she reads....... and asks herself.......

  3. At first her parents........ because..........

  4. But later..........

........... 10 marks ( 2 points for each item)



Exercise 5. Creative Writing. How would your parents have reacted if you had been Julie?

Express your ideas in 100-120 words.

........... 10 marks





4


Выбранный для просмотра документ Modern Youth-1.ppt

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Modern Youth Problems of Modern Youth The most popular sub- cultures Youth C...
How does it feel to be a teenager? Who do we call “teens”? Are Russian teens...
How does it feel to be a teenager? How do you get along with your parents, fr...
Who/ What makes a teen? Certain cultural environment Certain values and belie...
What are common features? What do you think of them? The environment where th...
What do you enjoy most? Why? Hanging out with friends Listening to music/ rea...
What do you hate? Why? Getting up early doing homework / doing tests / some s...
What irritates you that adults do? Why? No freedom / too much control /restri...
What does school mean to you? Why? a place to learn and get a good education,...
All teens have some common features. What do you think of them? be into…/take...
Youth means love. (R.Browning) Youth is a period of missed opportunities. (O....
What is your opinion? Being a teenager is…. Why? *Not easy *Fearful *Dangerou...
What do teenagers think of themselves? The best time Romance and love New dis...
How do teens express their individuality? (music, sport, clothes, appearance…...
What do other people think of teenagers? Young people are often considered by...
Teenage years- Do they bring luck? What do you think of it? Being young Bring...
“FOR and AGAINST” Debate Some people say that young people should have as muc...
17 1

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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 Modern Youth Problems of Modern Youth The most popular sub- cultures Youth C
Описание слайда:

Modern Youth Problems of Modern Youth The most popular sub- cultures Youth Culture (fashion, music, cinema, mass media, leisure time) Love and Friendship Youth and Future Career Youth and Sport

№ слайда 2 How does it feel to be a teenager? Who do we call “teens”? Are Russian teens
Описание слайда:

How does it feel to be a teenager? Who do we call “teens”? Are Russian teens more similar than different compared to the teens growing up in other countries? Do racial, educational, economic, ethnic, or religious characteristics make any distinctions? Why? What do the majority of Russian teens look like?

№ слайда 3 How does it feel to be a teenager? How do you get along with your parents, fr
Описание слайда:

How does it feel to be a teenager? How do you get along with your parents, friends, teachers? What are some of your aspirations(стремления)? What do you value? What makes you happy /unhappy? What worries you?

№ слайда 4 Who/ What makes a teen? Certain cultural environment Certain values and belie
Описание слайда:

Who/ What makes a teen? Certain cultural environment Certain values and beliefs Parents, friends, teachers Mass media, movies, books The modern world has turned into a global village where nations and groups quickly pick up somebody else’s fashions, style, gadgets (технические новинки), music… Common problems, natural disasters also make people forget about their differences and unite

№ слайда 5 What are common features? What do you think of them? The environment where th
Описание слайда:

What are common features? What do you think of them? The environment where the Russian teens live. The activities they are involved into. Their relations with the people around The problems they face The feelings, aspirations, goals they have.

№ слайда 6 What do you enjoy most? Why? Hanging out with friends Listening to music/ rea
Описание слайда:

What do you enjoy most? Why? Hanging out with friends Listening to music/ reading / watching TV/ walking my dog / cooking Sports / dancing / travelling fashion / shopping / drawing time with parents / going to the theatre / taking pictures Freedom / doing what I want Eating tasty things

№ слайда 7 What do you hate? Why? Getting up early doing homework / doing tests / some s
Описание слайда:

What do you hate? Why? Getting up early doing homework / doing tests / some school subjects Feeling tired / being too busy Household chores Stupid questions / complaining people Whining (ныть) Being interrupted Those who show off

№ слайда 8 What irritates you that adults do? Why? No freedom / too much control /restri
Описание слайда:

What irritates you that adults do? Why? No freedom / too much control /restrictions (ограничения) When they shout and are mad Give orders / criticizing Grumbling (ворчание) and nagging (придирки) Interfere into my affairs Ask me stupid questions Care too much Don’t keep their promise Think too much about money

№ слайда 9 What does school mean to you? Why? a place to learn and get a good education,
Описание слайда:

What does school mean to you? Why? a place to learn and get a good education, knowledge and experience I meet my friends here it opens the door to the future it’s our second home I learn to solve my problems Some factors that make our life stressful are….

№ слайда 10 All teens have some common features. What do you think of them? be into…/take
Описание слайда:

All teens have some common features. What do you think of them? be into…/take smth seriously want to be seen by others as one of the ‘cool’ boys/girls / be a well-rounded person most everyone gets teased (дразнить) and picked on(докучать,доставать) at various times for various reasons suffer at the hands of bullies hate speaking in front of others in class most teens have a little bit of hooligan inside be more independent of others be different from other people

№ слайда 11 Youth means love. (R.Browning) Youth is a period of missed opportunities. (O.
Описание слайда:

Youth means love. (R.Browning) Youth is a period of missed opportunities. (O.Connolly) Youth is the best time to be rich and the best time to be poor. (Euripides) No young man believes he will ever die. (W. Hazlet) Youth is quick in feeling but weak in judgement.(Homer) What is good about being 16-17 years old, and what is bad?

№ слайда 12 What is your opinion? Being a teenager is…. Why? *Not easy *Fearful *Dangerou
Описание слайда:

What is your opinion? Being a teenager is…. Why? *Not easy *Fearful *Dangerous *A chore *Fun *Exciting *Great *Romantic

№ слайда 13 What do teenagers think of themselves? The best time Romance and love New dis
Описание слайда:

What do teenagers think of themselves? The best time Romance and love New discoveries New opportunities Leisure time New people and new friends Difficult time Problems with parents, teachers, friends Emotional problems Financial problems Future career problems

№ слайда 14 How do teens express their individuality? (music, sport, clothes, appearance…
Описание слайда:

How do teens express their individuality? (music, sport, clothes, appearance…) express one’s identity (выражать свою индивидуальность) rebel against (протестовать) /rebellious(непокорный) show a rebellion against the regime/society To join a group; To reject(отвергать) not to conform (не придерживаться) to society’s standards To support a liberal attitude and lifestyle To identify oneself with a particular subculture I identify myself with…because… Distinct (from) to differ (from) It seems to me… I like when people… that’s why….

№ слайда 15 What do other people think of teenagers? Young people are often considered by
Описание слайда:

What do other people think of teenagers? Young people are often considered by older generation bad and violent. Why? Young people Little responsibility / lazy / rude Wear ridiculous clothes / shocking way of wearing clothes/ have strange appearance Don’t respect the elders Think about rebellion against society/ reject everything/ protest against …

№ слайда 16 Teenage years- Do they bring luck? What do you think of it? Being young Bring
Описание слайда:

Teenage years- Do they bring luck? What do you think of it? Being young Brings a lot of serious problems Allows you to do exciting and wonderful things Is a kind of duty and makes you feel responsible for what you do

№ слайда 17 “FOR and AGAINST” Debate Some people say that young people should have as muc
Описание слайда:

“FOR and AGAINST” Debate Some people say that young people should have as much fun as possible and enjoy themselves during their youth. Others , however, believe that young people should think seriously about their future and plan it. What can you say FOR and AGAINST the idea that youth is a time for having fun?

Выбранный для просмотра документ Tasks.docx

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Tasks

Кейс №7 Modern Youth

Topic 1. Problems of Modern Youth

Topic 2. The Most Popular Subcultures

Topic 3. Youth Culture. Fashion

Topic 4. Love and Friendship


Part 1 Speaking

Speaking 1 . Answer the questions

  • Modern youth. Youth Subcultures.

  1. Who do we call “teens”? Are Russian teens more similar than different compared to the teens growing up in other countries?

  2. Do racial, educational, economic, ethnic, or religious characteristics make any distinctions? Why? What do the majority of Russian teens look like?

  3. How do you get along with your parents, friends, teachers? What are some of your aspirations?

  4. What do you value? What makes you happy /unhappy? What worries you?

  5. What do you enjoy and what do you hate most? Why? (hanging out with friends, watching TV, walking my dog dancing, travelling, fashion , shopping ,taking pictures, freedom, doing what I want, eating tasty things, doing homework , feeling tired and being too busy, household chores, stupid questions , complaining people, whining (ныть),being interrupted , those who show off…)

  6. What irritates you that adults do? Why?( No freedom , too much control, restrictions (ограничения),when they shout and are mad, give orders and criticizing, grumbling (ворчание) and nagging (придирки), interfere into my affairs, ask me stupid questions, care too much, don’t keep their promise, think too much about money…)

  7. What does school mean to you?

  8. What is subculture? Give the definition.

  9. What are the main features of a subculture? What are common stereotypes?

  10. What similar and different features do teens from different groups, organizations and movements have?

  11. Why do teens choose a subculture? Give your reasons.

  12. How do teens express their individuality? What way of expressing individuality do you prefer?

  13. What is your attitude towards the members of different youth groups? Give your reasons.

  14. Whose lifestyle do you like ? Why?

  15. Which of these activities do you and your friends enjoy doing? (hang out with friends, go clubbing, send e-mails, play computer games, chat online, listen to music, watch TV/DVD, surf the Net, do extreme sports, go on trips))

  16. What youth groupings do you know? What youth grouping would you like to belong to?



  • Problems of young people.

  1. What do you think is best /worst about being 15 years old?

  2. What don’t you like/ hate/ can’t stand most about being fifteen years old?

  3. What do you think of the older generation?

  4. What makes your generation different from that of your parents?

  5. Do your parents understand you? Why?

  6. What problems do you have with your parents?

  7. What problems do you have at school?

  8. What problems do teens have at school?

  9. Is it fair to say that your parents don’t understand anything? Why?

  10. What do you know about a generation gap?

  11. Do all parents help their children? Why?

  12. In what way do teenagers try to impress people?

  13. What problems do you have with your friends?

  14. How do you cope with your problems?

  15. How do Russian teenagers spend their free time?

  16. What kind of music do they prefer? What music do you like? Why?

  17. What do you think the older generation thinks of your generation?

  18. Do your parents understand you? Have you got any problems with your parents or your teachers?

  19. What do you and your parents argue about?

  20. Do your parents like your friends?

  21. Do you parents allow you to go for a walk in the evening? (go to discos / go out with your boyfriend)

  22. Do your parents give you some pocket money? How do you spend it?

  23. What problems have you got at school? ( with teachers / classmates)

  24. What problems do teenagers experience nowadays?

  25. How do teenagers cope with their problems?

  26. How do you cope with your problems?

  27. What do you know about a generation gap?

  28. What jobs, attitudes, looks, arts, books, outfits, hobbies are popular with teenagers? Give your reasons.

  29. Bulling, teasing and shyness often go together. Say why some people are teased and bullied more than others?

  30. Have you got any bad habits? Do you know they are harmful for your health?

  31. The young generation is fond of communication. What methods of communication do you know and which ones do you prefer? Why?

  32. Do you think about your future? (about your future job)

  33. Can we say that teenagers today are more assertive (напористый, утверждающий свои права) than they used to be?



  • Youth Fashion.

  1. What does fashion depend on?

  2. How is it developing through ages?

  3. What does 'to look fashionable' mean to you?

  4. Do you enjoy dressing just to impress other people?

  5. What kind of clothes do Russian teenagers like wearing?

  6. What clothes do you usually wear? What do you like to wear?

  7. What kind of clothes do you need for special occasions?

  8. How do you choose clothes? Whose advice do you usually follow?

  9. Do you choose clothes based on practical reasons?

  10. Do you like to look different? Do you want to have your own style?

  11. Have you got money to spend on trendy clothes?

  12. Do you read some 'fashion magazines'? Why?

  13. What is in fashion nowadays?

  14. Do you always follow fashion?

  15. Do you enjoy shopping? Why?

  16. Who do you usually go shopping with?

  17. Where do you go shopping for clothes?

  18. What style of clothing do you prefer? Why?

  19. Do you have strong feelings about the clothes you wear?

  20. Do you feel good when you wear some clothes and bad when you wear others? Give some examples.

  21. Would you say that you were someone who was interested in fashion? Say if you always follow fashion, why people follow fashion, if it’s better to follow your individual taste.


  • Love and Friendship.


  1. How old are boys and girls when they begin to go out on dates in Russia?

  2. How old are young people when they start dating?

  3. Who do young people usually date?

  4. How do teenagers choose their dates?

  5. Where do young people go on a date? Do you enjoy going on a date? Why?

  6. What kind of things do people do on dates?

  7. Why is love a popular topic with young people?

  8. How would you describe “the best age” for falling in love?

  9. Do you believe in love at first sight? Can it last a long time? Why?

  10. What is a happy family in your opinion?

  11. What is it necessary to think over before marriage?

  12. Should a young couple receive help from parents and other relatives? What kind of help?

  13. What qualities must an ideal wife (husband) possess? Give your reasons.

  14. What would you like more: to select or to be selected?

  15. Why do you think young people when they are in love see only positive qualities of the

partner?

  1. Why do many men change their opinions of their young wives after marriage?

  2. How do you choose a friend? How do you judge a person?

  3. What qualities do you look for in friends?



Speaking 2. Give a one-minute talk on the situation

  1. All teens have common features. What do you think of them? ( the environment where the Russian teens live, the activities they are involved into, their relations with the people around, the problems they face, the feelings, aspirations, goals they have)

  2. Why do teens choose a subculture? Give your reasons. Speak about two popular subcultures.

  3. What do you think of some groups? The members of different groups have some similarities and differences. Do you agree?

  4. How much are teens in Russia like teens in other countries?

  5. Some youth groups appeared at about the same time. Some groups emerged from the others. What’s your idea of an ideal youth group?

  6. Speak about the problems of the young in the modern world.

  7. Some people say «teens» today seem spoiled (undisciplined and egocentric) compared to those of earlier times. Comment on this supposition.

  8. Is it easy for a teenager to get a job and to earn some money? Have you ever tried to? Say a few words about your experiences.

  9. Speak how you can spend your pocket money. Which are the ways of earning money for a teenager?

  10. Do you have strong feelings about the clothes you wear? Do you feel good when you wear some clothes and bad when you wear others?

  11. Do you think that clothes express people’s personality or disguise it ? Give some examples.

  12. Would you say that you were someone who was interested in fashion?

  13. Say if you always follow fashion, why people follow fashion, if it’s better to follow your individual taste.

  14. Do you think that women are more interested in fashion than men?

  15. How far is it true that there is ‘one rule for grown-ups and another for kids’?

  16. Responsible attitude to love is necessary for all. Why is it especially important for young people?

  17. How do you understand social maturity?

  18. Many teenagers have problems with their parents. People were talking about the generation gap. What might be new about it? Give your reasons.

  19. Can we say that young people nowadays seem to be a lot more assertive than they used to be? Give your examples.

  20. Speak about the life of young people in our country: lifestyle, views, hobbies, aspirations. What problems do teenagers experience nowadays? Compare with the life in America or Great Britain.

  21. What jobs, attitudes, looks, arts, books, outfits, hobbies are popular with teenagers? Give your reasons.

  22. Do you think that clothes express people’s personality or disguise it ? Do you think that women are more interested in fashion than men? How far is it true that there is ‘one rule for grown-ups and another for kids’?

  23. What do elderly people think about youth culture?



Speaking 3. Debates and Discussions

  1. Do you agree that it’s more fun being a teenager than an adult? What do you see as the advantages and disadvantages of being a teenager?

  2. What do teens think of themselves? (Being a teen is…. Why?) What do other people think of teens? Why?

  3. Many young people join different subcultures to express their identity. Some teens do not join any groupings. But they also have a lot of ways to express their individuality. What are good and bad points of belonging to any subculture?

  4. Make a presentation of a new TV programme «Teenagers» . Try to attract the audience of young people to the problems of youth ( love, money, work, education, generation gap, future career, drugs, dreams, position in life...). Speak about its difference from other TV programmes. (Each group represent different programmes)

  5. Lots of young people think that their clothes are the most important thing about them. But there is a saying that says, “ Clothes do not make the man”. So how important are the clothes?

  6. Why can people say, “So many teens, so many kinds of activities. What kind of activity do you prefer? Why?

  7. Computer dating has become very popular nowadays. What do you think of good and bad points of it?

  8. What is better: to have a lot of friends, or a few very close friends? Give your reasons.

  9. Can parents be real friends for teenagers? Give your reasons.

  10. More and more young people are turning to drugs. Why is it so and what can be done about the problem?

  11. What makes young people commit crimes? Give your reasons.

  12. Make a presentation of a new TV programme «Teenagers» . Try to attract the audience of young people to the problems of youth ( love, money, work, education, generation gap, future career, drugs, dreams, position in life...). Speak about its difference from other TV programmes. (Each group represent different programmes)

  13. Lots of young people think that their clothes are the most important thing about them. But there is a saying that says, “ Clothes do not make the man”. So how important are the clothes?

  14. Some people say that young people should have as much fun as possible and enjoy themselves during their youth. Others , however, believe that young people should think seriously about their future and plan it. What can you say FOR and AGAINST the idea that youth is a time for having fun?

  15. In European countries children after 18 are supposed to live on their own. What can you say FOR and AGAINST living with your parents?


Speaking 4. Discussing quotations, sayings and proverbs

  1. Read these lines about age and youth and say in what way they are true.

« The old believe everything; the middle-aged suspect everything; the young know everything.»

  1. Give your comments on the following:

A lady wants to be dressed exactly like everybody else but she gets pretty upset if she sees

anybody else dressed exactly like her. (Ogden Nash, «Marriage Lines» 1964)

  1. Youth means love (Robert Browning)

  2. Youth is a period of missed opportunities (Connolly)

  3. Youth is the best time to be rich and the best time to be poor. (Euripides)

  4. No young man believes he will ever die. (William Hazlitt)

  5. Youth is quick in feelings but weak in judgment. (Homer)

  6. Here is a statement which people sometimes make when discussing good and evil: «There can never be clear and absolute guidelines about what is good and evil. What is good depends entirely upon the circumstances at the time». What do you think about it?

  7. Read these lines about age and youth and say in what way they are true. « The old believe everything; the middle-aged suspect everything; the young know everything.»

  8. Give your comments on the following:

  • Youth means love. (R.Browning)

  • Youth is a period of missed opportunities. (O Connolly)

  • No young man believes he will ever die. (W.Hazlitt)

  • Youth is quick in feelings but weak in judgement. (Homer)

  • Friendship is an art and very few persons are born with a natural gift for it. (K.Noris)

  • The more joy we have, the more nearly perfect we are. (B. Spinoza)

  • A lady wants to be dressed exactly like everybody else but she gets pretty upset if she sees anybody else dressed exactly like her. (Ogden Nash, «Marriage Lines» 1964)

  • Good clothes open all doors. (Thomas Fuller, «Gnomologia» 1732)

  • Where love is, all is. Love cannot be forced.

  • Love is neither bought nor sold. No herb will cure love.

  • Love will find a way (Для любви нет преград)

  • Love makes the world go round (Без любви, как без солнца , нельзя прожить)

  • Love is like war: easy to begin but very hard to stop.(H.L.Mencken)

  • Men marry because they are tired; women because they are curious. Both are disappointed. O.Wilde.

  • Love conquers all things except poverty and toothache. M.West

  • Love conquers all (Virgil, a Roman poet). Can you give some examples from literature or films to illustrate what Virgil said?

  • In one of his works W.Shakespeare wrote, “They love least, that let men know their love”. What can you say about those young people who demonstrate openly their feelings towards each other in the streets and in other public places?

  • Do you agree or disagree with the following statements:

  • Love at first sight doesn’t last long.

  • True love lasts for ever.

  • A successful marriage is a lottery.

  • Like should marry like.

  • Love is blind.

  • Love and poverty are hard to hide.

  • Love me, love my dog.


Speaking 5. Dramatizing and role-play

  1. You have to write an article to the youth magazine under the title «............». Interview a young person (a teenager) asking him/her all possible questions about the life in our country. Touch upon different aspects of teenagers’ life (education, future career, generation gap, drugs and smoking, political views......)

  2. You’ve got a lot of really difficult problems to solve, haven’t you? Share them with your partner. Act out a conversation.

  3. Role-play.

Card A. Your teenage daughter/son has asked you if she/he can have a party in your house/flat.

You’ve said ‘Yes’ but now must discuss the ‘rules’, that is what is allowed and what is not allowed. Think about the following questions: How many people will come? What food and drink will there be? How loud will the music be? Where will people stay overnight? Which rooms will be used? Who will tidy up afterwards? In general you are a little nervous about the idea because last time a number of things were broken and your neighbours complained about the noise.

Card B. You have asked if you can have a party at home and your parents have agreed. Your mother/father wants to discuss now how it is going to be organised. You have a horrible feeling that they are going to make so many rules that it won’t be any fun at all. Try and get your parents to go out, so you can organise it how you want.

4)A young English person is coming to visit Russia for two or three weeks and wants to know what is in fashion so as not to appear out of place. You are asked to say what information you would give your visitor about current fashions and to explain what is definitely not in fashion Dramatize a short play.

  1. A young English person is coming to visit Russia for two or three weeks and wants to know what is in fashion so as not to appear out of place. You are asked to say what information you would give your visitor about current fashions and to explain what is definitely not in fashion Dramatize a short play.

  2. You have to write an article to the youth magazine under the title «Young Russia». Interview a young person (a teenager) asking him/her all possible questions about the life in our country. Touch upon different aspects of teenagers’ life (education, future career, generation gap, drugs and smoking, political views......)

  3. You’ve got a lot of really difficult problems to solve, haven’t you? Share them with your partner. Act out a conversation.

  4. Role-play.

Card A. Your teenage daughter/son has asked you if she/he can have a party in your house/flat. You’ve said ‘Yes’ but now must discuss the ‘rules’, that is what is allowed and what is not allowed.

Think about the following questions:

How many people will come? What food and drink will there be? How loud will the music be? Where will people stay overnight? Which rooms will be used? Who will tidy up afterwards? In general you are a little nervous about the idea because last time a number of things were broken and your neighbours complained about the noise.

Card B. You have asked if you can have a party at home and your parents have agreed. Your mother/father wants to discuss now how it is going to be organised. You have a horrible feeling that they are going to make so many rules that it won’t be any fun at all. Try and get your parents to go out, so you can organise it how you want.

  1. You are a pretty girl at a party. A young man across the room catches your eye and smiles. You think he looks pleasant, and you would like to meet him. What should you do? Act out a conversation.

  2. You are at a party and see someone you’d like to meet. Role-play two ways of meeting this person. After you meet, carry on a two-minute talk.

  3. You and your friend have decided to spend Saturday evening together. Decide where you will go , what you will do, and when you will meet. Act out a conversation.

  4. You don’t know anyone in this town and tell a friend that you’d like to meet someone nice to go out with. You friend tells you that he/she has arranged a blind date for you. Role-play the situation as you obtain all the important details.


Speaking 6. Give a two-minute talk on the topic

Task 1. Give a 2-minute talk on modern youth.

Remember to say:

  • about the role and life style of young people in our country

  • how young people spend their free time

  • about the problems of the youth in the modern world



Task 2 . Give a 2-minute talk on a subculture

Remember to say:

  • what subculture is

  • what subculture you belong to

  • why you like this subculture



Task 3 Give a 2-minute talk on clothes

Remember to say:

  • how men and women sometimes wear different types of clothing

  • what you like and dislike wearing

  • how important being in fashion is to you

Task 4. Give a 2-minute talk on your best friend

Remember to say:

  • what your best friend looks like and why you like him/her

  • when and how you met and why you became friends

  • what you enjoy doing together, why

Task 5. Give a 2-minute talk on friendship

Remember to say:

  • if you have got a lot of friend or only one devoted friend

  • how you choose a friend and what qualities you look for in friends

  • what you usually do together



Speaking 7. Simulated Situation

Task 1 It's Saturday afternoon. You and your friend are discussing how to spend the evening. You can:

*watch a DVD or video at home

*go to a café

*play computer games

*listen to music and chat

Remember to:

  • Discuss all the options

  • Take an active part in the conversation and be polite

  • Come up with suggestions

  • Agree or disagree with your partner and give reasons

  • Come to an agreement



Task 2

You and your friend are discussing what to do to be successful in life. You have three options for discussion:

  • to be talented

  • to marry successfully

  • to graduate from a prestigious university



Remember to:

  • be active and polite

  • discuss all the options

  • give good reasons

  • ask for your partner’s point of view



Task 3. You and your friend are going for a holiday. Discuss the following options and choose one you both like most of all. You can choose:



* Theatre *Concert *Cinema *Disco

Remember to:

  • Discuss all the options

  • Take an active part in the conversation and be polite

  • Come up with suggestions

  • Agree or disagree with your partner and give reasons

  • Come to an agreement





Task 4. It is the final weekend of the summer holiday. You and your friend want to do something with your other friends and you are discussing what you can do. You can:



*have a picnic * organize a party * play a sport

Remember to:

  • Discuss all the options

  • Take an active part in the conversation and be polite

  • Come up with suggestions

  • Agree or disagree with your partner and give reasons

  • Come to an agreement



Task 5 .You and your friend want to join any subculture. You are discussing three groups to choose one you both like.

* EMO *Punks * Goths

Remember to:

  • Discuss all the options

  • Take an active part in the conversation and be polite

  • Come up with suggestions

  • Agree or disagree with your partner and give reasons

  • Come to an agreement



Task 6. You and your friend are discussing problems that you have at home. You have to decide which problem is the most important for you .

* pocket money * housework * clothes and image



Remember to:

  • Discuss all the options

  • Take an active part in the conversation and be polite

  • Come up with suggestions

  • Agree or disagree with your partner and give reasons

  • Come to an agreement



Task 7. You and your friend are discussing problems that you have at school. You have to decide which problem is the most important for you .

*bullies at school *theft * problems with lessons

Remember to:

  • Discuss all the options

  • Take an active part in the conversation and be polite

  • Come up with suggestions

  • Agree or disagree with your partner and give reasons

  • Come to an agreement



Part 2. Writing

Writing 1 (a personal letter)

  • Letter 1

This is part of your letter from Alison.

………..Help! I'm going to summer camp next month and I'll have to make new friends. The problem is I'm really shy! Are you good at making new friends? How do you do it? Have you ever been in a similar situation? Any suggestions would be useful.

Looking forward to hearing from you.

Love,

Alison

  • Letter 2

This is part of a letter from your pen friend. Read it and write back answering the questions.

………My parents often get annoyed with me because I spend a lot of time in front of the computer chatting to my friends or playing computer games. Do you use your computer a lot too? Do your parents get annoyed with you? What do you do about it? If you've got any ideas about what I should do about it, let me know!

Write soon,

Love,

Nelly

  • Letter 3

This is part of a letter from Sheryl, your English pen-friend. Read it and write back answering the questions.

………..Do you ever argue with your parents about what to wear? My parents and I don’t seem to agree about clothes at all ! Is it important to you to be fashionable? What sort of clothes do you like wearing? Why? Do you think I should wear what my parents tell me to? Have you got any advice?

Looking forward to hearing your opinion.

Love,

Sheryl



  • Letter 4

This is part of a letter from your British pen friend Mary. Read it and write back answering the questions.

…… More and more students get involved in an exchange programme. They want to learn something new about the culture, young people, and lifestyle of a new country. I’m going to take part in a semester programme and spend some time in Russia. Have you ever taken part in such programmes? Are there any most important differences in lifestyle between Russian and British teenagers? What is important to take into consideration while visiting Russia?

Hope to hear from you soon.

Love,

Mary



Writing 2 (an essay)

  • Task 1

Comment on the following statement:

Some people say that young people should have as much fun as possible and enjoy themselves during their youth. Others , however, believe that young people should think seriously about their future and plan it. What can you say FOR and AGAINST the idea that youth is a time for having fun?

  • Task 2.

Comment on the following statement:

Most children enjoy talking on mobiles a lot, but their parents are against it. What can you say FOR and AGAINST talking on mobile phones?

  • Task 3.

Comment on the following statement:

Some people say the way they lived in the past was quieter and much safer. However, other people believe that young people are given more life opportunities nowadays than in the past. What is your opinion of this idea?

  • Task 4

Comment on the following statement:

Some people believe that teenagers today are generally rude, lazy and badly behaved. Other people, however, think that teenagers have a bad reputation for no reason.

Do you agree that teenagers are often criticized unfairly?

  • Some samples of essays (from the Internet)



#1. It is believed, that young people today are not as healthy as they were 50 years ago. What's your opinion?

We often hear that modern teenagers are less healthy than young people who lived 50 years ago. Some researchers suggest that the new generation is likely to suffer from allergies, heart and liver diseases. But is it really so?

In my opinion, nowadays young people are not as healthy as they used to be.

To begin with, teens today eat lots of genetically modified and junk food, which is definitely harmful. Besides, modern teenagers often smoke, drink alcohol and take drugs, which leads to serious diseases. What is more, lots of teenagers are addicted to computers or watch TV all day long instead of walking and doing sports .As a result, many young people are overweight.

Nevertheless, some people claim that they nowadays are far more aware of the importance of health and a healthy diet than they were a few years ago. Everyone understands that good health is above wealth. To start with, we have modern health care and better nutrition. More and more teens are eating healthy food which contains less fat and sugar and is rich in vitamins. Furthermore, young people do not die of such diseases as pneumonia and tuberculoses .However, I personally think that teenagers` health is getting worse because they breathe polluted air, drink polluted water and eat food with different harmful additives. Finally, teenagers usually ignore their parents` advice to eat more fruit,vegetables and dairy products.

In conclusion, I want to say that our society should pay more attention to the health of younger generation. I strongly believe if we improve our eating habits and change our couch potato lifestyle, we will be healthy.



#2. All Young People Should Try to be Fashionable Whatever the Cost.


The first impression we make almost fully depends on what we wear and how we wear it. Manners and speech are noticed next and character only later. So, “to present” yourself skillfully is a talent. It is helpful to have some “clothes sense” to know and feel the types of things that are your style. So, to be a little different from the others you should adapt the fashion to your personality, but the problem is many young people try to be fashionable whatever the cost.

One of the main advantages of fashion is that sometimes it’s very important to wear the right thing. For instance in offices business people wear quite formal clothes: men usually wear suits and ties, for women it is more sensible to put on dresses and skirts. Some boys and girls usually prefer to dress like the other members of their group, as if wearing the uniform. They say that if they do not dress like the others, they feel left out like a fish out of water.

A further advantage of fashion is that it helps young people to express themselves and their art of living, what is the inseparable part of teen’s character development. Teenagers prefer to wear things which show off their ideas and feelings about life. They use fashion like a kind of uniform. For example, a boy who wears a leather jacket covered in bits of metal will probably ride a motorbike. A girl who wears Laura Ashley dresses will probably have middle – class ideas. Moreover, some young people have fun with the latest “street styles”, cutting their hair into strange shapes, wearing lots of cheap jewelry, cutting off their trouser legs to make them shorter, or painting their lips blue. But a lot of young people try to look as clean and tidy as possible. When you are looking for a job, you want to show possible employers that you’ll be a good worker. Clothes with a sporty look are popular. They make people look healthy and energetic.

On the other hand, there is one more issue we shouldn’t forget as many people think that fashion has nothing to do with the problems of our environment and there is no connection with animals, plants and fashion. Unfortunately, only few do realize how much animals or plants suffer because of our whims. In other words, the truth is that we use animals or parts of them for jewellery, clothes, soaps and cosmetics. At the moment we are using thousands of animals every year for tests of things like shampoos to find out if they cause any irritation. Furthermore, who are just keen on wearing furs behave themselves simply reckless, wiping out entire species.

Another disadvantage of fashion is that it changes teen’s attitude to life. For example, young people listening to rap music prefer to dress “ghetto style”. Boys wear oversized hoodies and oversized pants that are pulled down low. Girls wear tight, short tops and low jeans. They also wear baseball caps backwards and leave shoelaces untied. Wearing the same clothes as rappers, who often sing violent or offensive lyrics, can make a person in such clothes feel very cool and rebellious, too. So, some people say rap glamorizes crime; rap songs and fashion affect teen attitudes toward women, and talk about guns, sex and money all the time.

All things considered, it can be concluded that fashion is an abstract thing, and it’s hard to determine it exactly. But what everyone should understand is that it is not necessary to follow the latest fashion trends in order to look fashionable. And one shouldn’t be ashamed of wearing one and the same clothes day after day because of people’s opinion. We are all free in our choice, but fashion is the thing that will be in demand in all times (652 words).



#3. Should Parents Pay If Their Children End Up In Trouble With the Law? 

Many crimes and social problems are caused by children, because of the poor family relationships, bad neighbourhood conditions and misunderstanding between the family members. Despite the damage these teenage criminals cause, parents are not held responsible in most countries.

There are many reasons why parents should not be responsible for crimes committed by teenage children. First of all, teenagers today are independent. They often move out of the parent's house at 18 years of age or younger. They are expected to learn to take care of themselves and make their own decisions, and not stay like small children attached to their parents. Secondly, parents usually work. They cannot watch their adolescent children all the time. A third point is that even children from good families can sometimes commit crimes. Parents should not be responsible if they have worked hard to raise their children properly.

However, because of the many problems young troublemakers cause, parents should be responsible. Firstly, most juvenile crimes are committed by adolescents whose parents do not care or make any effort to control their children. If parents had to pay fines, they might make more effort. Another point is that even though the children may seem mature, they are not really able to make good decisions. Parents should be responsible for raising and teaching their children until they are fully grown. Furthermore, if children know that their parents will have to pay, they will think carefully before committing crimes.

To sum up, there are good reasons both for and against making parents pay for acts committed by their children. However, I feel strongly that if we want to reduce the number of such crimes, we need to make parents take more responsibility (299 words).

#4. The Old and Young Should Live under The Same Roof.

As the family is the basic social unit in the world, most people expect to marry and have a family. But housing nowadays is difficult to obtain and young couples often live with their parents for some time. Living under the same roof has its advantages and disadvantages.

One of the main advantages of living together with parents is that in most cases parents attempt to help their children to overcome hardships, difficulties and complications of their lives. If the family is friendly, if the interrelations are warm, if children honour their parents and vice versa the atmosphere becomes hospitable and welcoming. Moreover, grandparents teach their grandchildren to see the world around them and to value everything they have. They usually want their grandchildren to become honest and kind men, devoted to the family traditions and to be loyal and faithful to their friends. One more advantage of living together is that housekeeping becomes easier and if women are going back to work after the birth of their children they don’t have to find someone to look after them during the day, especially when childcare is available, but women can’t afford it.

On the other hand, urban flats are very small and it’s common for a family of four or more to live in one room. This can cause misunderstanding between the family members, poor family relationships, teasing and constant interfering of parents with their children’s lives. Frequently parents become addicted to the experiment of putting their children under a lot of pressure and it leads to chronic depression and can even cause emotional crisis. Furthermore, if the family income is low and it suffers from lack of money, spending can get out of control and the debts will pile up. Unfortunately, not all the families are able to face up and cope with financial problems.

To sum up, it is true to say that we can only feel sorry for those people who have to live with their parents, but feel lonely and distressed in their own families and can’t be in good terms with their relatives. Not for nothing one of the ten Christian commandments says: “Honour your father and mother so that you can live long in the world” (382 words).



15


Выбранный для просмотра документ Говорение_Письмо_Youth.ppt

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материалов
 Speaking MODERN YOUTH A Discursive Talk A warm-up Talk An Opinion Talk
How does it feel to be a teenager? A warm-up talk) Who do we call “teens”? Ar...
How does it feel to be a teenager? A warm-up talk) What does school mean to y...
How does it feel to be a teen? (a warm-up talk) What do you enjoy most? (goin...
How does it feel to be a teen? (a warm-up talk) Bulling, teasing and shyness...
Some people believe that teenagers today are generally rude, lazy and badly b...
How do the people explain the existence of violence among young people? Are y...
Do you think the mass media somehow influences the violence of teenagers? It...
Which youth groups do you approve or disapprove? Why? Patterns In my opinion…...
A Discursive Talk What is good about being 16-17 years old, and what is bad?...
A discursive talk Many young people join different subcultures to express the...
A discursive talk What are the advantages and disadvantages of passive entert...
A discursive talk One group likes classical music, another is delighted with...
Opinion Talk (patterns) In my opinion……because…….. What I mean is…… I don’t h...
Opinion Talk The young generation is fond of communication. What methods of c...
Why can people say, “So many teens, so many kinds of activities”. What kind o...
Opinion Talk Radio, video and TV have made reading unnecessary. Do you agree?...
Language case Students’ Projects Teacher’s Notes Writing “Modern Youth” Spea...
Writing a letter (Personal Letter) Your address the date Greeting Dear………., I...
Writing a letter (Personal letter) Introduction Thank you for…/ Many thanks f...
Writing a letter (Personal letter) Conclusion I’d really like you to visit me...
Writing a letter (Personal letter) Ending Lots of love, Best wishes, All the...
Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main parts	Useful Ideas Introduction...
Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Introduction As a general rule……. It...
Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main Body To introduce points The ma...
Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main Body To list points In the firs...
Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main Body To make contrasting points...
Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Conclusion to sum up…….. all in all...
Writing an essay (opinion essay) Main parts	Useful Ideas Introduction	§ 1 Sta...
Writing an essay (opinion essay) Introduction state the topic /problem Is too...
Writing an essay (opinion essay) Main Body To list points First of all……… To...
Writing an essay (opinion essay) Main Body To introduce contrasting viewpoint...
Writing an essay (opinion essay) Conclusion to sum up…….. all in all ……….. al...
Letter writing You’ve got a letter from your British friend John. He asks you...
Writing an essay An essay “Belonging to a group: for and against”
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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1  Speaking MODERN YOUTH A Discursive Talk A warm-up Talk An Opinion Talk
Описание слайда:

Speaking MODERN YOUTH A Discursive Talk A warm-up Talk An Opinion Talk

№ слайда 2 How does it feel to be a teenager? A warm-up talk) Who do we call “teens”? Ar
Описание слайда:

How does it feel to be a teenager? A warm-up talk) Who do we call “teens”? Are Russian teens more similar than different compared to the teens growing up in other countries? Do racial, educational, economic, ethnic, or religious characteristics make any distinctions? Why? What do the majority of Russian teens look like?

№ слайда 3 How does it feel to be a teenager? A warm-up talk) What does school mean to y
Описание слайда:

How does it feel to be a teenager? A warm-up talk) What does school mean to you? How do you get along with your parents, friends, teachers? What are some of your aspirations? What do you value? What make you happy /unhappy? What worries you?

№ слайда 4 How does it feel to be a teen? (a warm-up talk) What do you enjoy most? (goin
Описание слайда:

How does it feel to be a teen? (a warm-up talk) What do you enjoy most? (going…doing…making) What do you hate? What irritates you that adults do? Why do teens join the group? Why do young people express themselves individually? What do you do to express yourself? What opportunities does a teenager have to express himself/ herself?

№ слайда 5 How does it feel to be a teen? (a warm-up talk) Bulling, teasing and shyness
Описание слайда:

How does it feel to be a teen? (a warm-up talk) Bulling, teasing and shyness often go together. Say why some people are teased and bullied more than others? The young generation is fond of communication. What methods of communication do you know and which ones do you prefer? Why?

№ слайда 6 Some people believe that teenagers today are generally rude, lazy and badly b
Описание слайда:

Some people believe that teenagers today are generally rude, lazy and badly behaved. Do you agree? In my opinion the vast majority of teenagers are… because… I personaly believe that teenagers today are much more…than young people were thirty years ago. At my school, for example, there are ……. Most teenagers understand that they have to work hard at school in order to…… Teenagers today often prefer…… It is certainly true that many teenagers today …… According to some experts,………..

№ слайда 7 How do the people explain the existence of violence among young people? Are y
Описание слайда:

How do the people explain the existence of violence among young people? Are youth gangs really dangerous? Violence is the symptom of problems in the society, the symptom of social dysfunction. Some social and economic problems may give rise to youth violence. Home, school and neighbourhoods are part of the individual environment. They play a great role in the expression of violence. The society can’t suggest anything worth for teens (sports clubs,organisations…). That’s why they are rebellious. Crime for teenagers is an expression of their inability to integrate at a social, economic or cultural level. Being in a group is like living a real life for them. What do you think of it?

№ слайда 8 Do you think the mass media somehow influences the violence of teenagers? It
Описание слайда:

Do you think the mass media somehow influences the violence of teenagers? It seems to me that the mass media makes the situation worse. The bad image of subcultures is presented by the press. These groups are not that bad as they are thought to be. Teens want to show off. But at the same time a lot of teens think about changing the world for the best.

№ слайда 9 Which youth groups do you approve or disapprove? Why? Patterns In my opinion…
Описание слайда:

Which youth groups do you approve or disapprove? Why? Patterns In my opinion…because... The reason why…is that… Personally, I’m not keen on… I prefer…to… The best /worst thing about…is…. I’m in favour of /against … Firstly,….Secondly,…. Not only….but…as well On the one hand /on the other hand… Their image/ music/ behaviour…. Their values and beliefs… Their attitude towards others .. To rebel against …. To reject ………. Don’t conform to society standards……. To express…/ to support…….. Enjoy being.../doing/making..

№ слайда 10 A Discursive Talk What is good about being 16-17 years old, and what is bad?
Описание слайда:

A Discursive Talk What is good about being 16-17 years old, and what is bad? What are the advantages and disadvantages of being a professional sportsman when you are young? Computer dating has become very popular nowadays. What do you think of good and bad points of it?

№ слайда 11 A discursive talk Many young people join different subcultures to express the
Описание слайда:

A discursive talk Many young people join different subcultures to express their identity. Some teens do not join any groupings. But they also have a lot of ways to express their individuality. What are good and bad points of belonging to any subculture? Some people believe that teenagers today are generally rude, lazy and badly behaved. Other people, however, think that teens have a bad reputation for no reason. Do you agree that teenagers are often criticized unfairly?

№ слайда 12 A discursive talk What are the advantages and disadvantages of passive entert
Описание слайда:

A discursive talk What are the advantages and disadvantages of passive entertainment (films, TV, video games, etc.) and active leisure (sport, hobbies, etc.)? Which do you prefer: seeing films at the cinema or on video / TV? Why? Speak about the advantages and disadvantages of both.

№ слайда 13 A discursive talk One group likes classical music, another is delighted with
Описание слайда:

A discursive talk One group likes classical music, another is delighted with pop or rock. Discuss «For and Against». One group likes reading detectives, another is delighted with science fiction. Discuss «For and Against».

№ слайда 14 Opinion Talk (patterns) In my opinion……because…….. What I mean is…… I don’t h
Описание слайда:

Opinion Talk (patterns) In my opinion……because…….. What I mean is…… I don’t have the same opinion………. I can’t agree with… because I think that… One thing we should remember is that…… The reason why……..is that……. As a result of this…….

№ слайда 15 Opinion Talk The young generation is fond of communication. What methods of c
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Opinion Talk The young generation is fond of communication. What methods of communication do you know and which ones do you prefer? Why? Why do teens join the group? Which subcultures are popular in StPetersburg? Why do young people express themselves individually? What do you do to express yourself?

№ слайда 16 Why can people say, “So many teens, so many kinds of activities”. What kind o
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Why can people say, “So many teens, so many kinds of activities”. What kind of activity do you prefer? Why? You’re invited to deliver a lecture on the subject “Teenage Music” .What are you going to tell about? What do you think of foreign films and TV programmes for young people? Are they better than local programmes or not? Why (why not)? Speak about a film or a television programme that you like most of all. Opinion Talk

№ слайда 17 Opinion Talk Radio, video and TV have made reading unnecessary. Do you agree?
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Opinion Talk Radio, video and TV have made reading unnecessary. Do you agree? Give your reasons. Many popular novels and stories have been adapted for the theatre, television, and film. What do you think of this practice? Are all screen and stage adaptations successful ? Do they add to the popularity of the book, or can they only spoil your impressions of it? Give your reasons.

№ слайда 18 Language case Students’ Projects Teacher’s Notes Writing “Modern Youth” Spea
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Language case Students’ Projects Teacher’s Notes Writing “Modern Youth” Speaking Writing a letter Writing an essay Types Pattern-based Model-based Exercise-based Web-based exercises Model Lessons Introduction Youth (beginning) Youth Problems Subcultures Youth Culture

№ слайда 19 Writing a letter (Personal Letter) Your address the date Greeting Dear………., I
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Writing a letter (Personal Letter) Your address the date Greeting Dear………., Introduction (§ 1-opening remarks) Main Body (§ 2-4-development of the subject) Conclusion (§5-closing remarks) Ending (say goodbye and sign your name)

№ слайда 20 Writing a letter (Personal letter) Introduction Thank you for…/ Many thanks f
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Writing a letter (Personal letter) Introduction Thank you for…/ Many thanks for… I was awfully glad to get your letter… It was great to get your letter… I was really pleased to hear that… I really should have written sooner… Sorry I haven’t written for so long but… Sorry for not writing earlier but I’ve…

№ слайда 21 Writing a letter (Personal letter) Conclusion I’d really like you to visit me
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Writing a letter (Personal letter) Conclusion I’d really like you to visit me… Write to me and tell me your plans. Thanks for sending me… Please write to me again soon and tell me all your news. I’ll write again soon. Looking forward to hearing from you. Looking forward to seeing you. Hope to hear from you soon.

№ слайда 22 Writing a letter (Personal letter) Ending Lots of love, Best wishes, All the
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Writing a letter (Personal letter) Ending Lots of love, Best wishes, All the best, Yours…, Much love, Sally / David…

№ слайда 23 Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main parts	Useful Ideas Introduction
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Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main parts Useful Ideas Introduction § 1 State the problem and make general remarks Main Body §2- arguments FOR §3- arguments AGAINST Support your arguments with examples Conclusion §4-your opinion based on given arguments

№ слайда 24 Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Introduction As a general rule……. It
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Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Introduction As a general rule……. It is popularly believed that…….. It is often suggested……. A lot of people think that…….. Many people are in favour of…… / are convinced that….. We all know that… Can you imagine …….? Isn’t it amazing……..? Have you ever thought of….? Isn’t it strange…? There are both advantages and disadvantages ……….. Let’s begin with………

№ слайда 25 Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main Body To introduce points The ma
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Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main Body To introduce points The main / most important / greatest advantage of……is that…… Another advantage/ disadvantage of…… A further advantage/ disadvantage of…… One point of view in favour of / against… The best/ worst thing about……is………

№ слайда 26 Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main Body To list points In the firs
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Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main Body To list points In the first place… First of all……… To start with… To begin with… Secondly… Thirdly…… Finally……… Last but not least……… To add more points to the same topic What is more… Furthermore ……. Moreover……… In addition to this…. Besides……… Apart from this……….

№ слайда 27 Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main Body To make contrasting points
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Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Main Body To make contrasting points on the other hand …… however…… in spite of the fact that ……… despite the fact that……… while……nevertheless… even though…… although…. To introduce examples - for example……… for instance… such as…….. in particular…………

№ слайда 28 Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Conclusion to sum up…….. all in all
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Writing an essay (FOR and AGAINST essay) Conclusion to sum up…….. all in all …........ on the whole………. in conclusion ……… All things considered , although there are some disadvantages…….., I believe it is……. All in all, I believe that there are more advantages than disadvantages…..

№ слайда 29 Writing an essay (opinion essay) Main parts	Useful Ideas Introduction	§ 1 Sta
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Writing an essay (opinion essay) Main parts Useful Ideas Introduction § 1 State the problem and your opinion clearly Main Body §2 View point 1 and reason §3 View point 2 and reason §4 the opposing view point and reason Conclusion §5 restate your opinion, using different words

№ слайда 30 Writing an essay (opinion essay) Introduction state the topic /problem Is too
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Writing an essay (opinion essay) Introduction state the topic /problem Is too much emphasis placed on……? Nowadays, we are often told …… There is no doubt that…….. Over the past few years,… Are you among those who……..? There are various facts that support this opinion. to express opinion In my opinion……… I believe………. It seems to me…… The way I see it……..

№ слайда 31 Writing an essay (opinion essay) Main Body To list points First of all……… To
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Writing an essay (opinion essay) Main Body To list points First of all……… To start with… To begin with… Secondly… Thirdly…… Finally……… Last but not least……… To add more points to the same topic What is more… Furthermore … Moreover… In addition to this….Besides… Apart from this……….

№ слайда 32 Writing an essay (opinion essay) Main Body To introduce contrasting viewpoint
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Writing an essay (opinion essay) Main Body To introduce contrasting viewpoints It is argued that……. People argue that……. Opponents of this view say ……… There are people who oppose……… To introduce examples for example… for instance… such as…….. in particular…………

№ слайда 33 Writing an essay (opinion essay) Conclusion to sum up…….. all in all ……….. al
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Writing an essay (opinion essay) Conclusion to sum up…….. all in all ……….. all things considered….... on the whole………. in conclusion ……… taking everything into account………/ as was previously stated All in all, I still feel that the benefits of ……..outweigh the disadvantages.

№ слайда 34 Letter writing You’ve got a letter from your British friend John. He asks you
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Letter writing You’ve got a letter from your British friend John. He asks you: To describe youth organisations of your school / home place To describe their activities To say if you take part in them

№ слайда 35 Writing an essay An essay “Belonging to a group: for and against”
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Writing an essay An essay “Belonging to a group: for and against”

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Language case № 7 “Modern Youth”


Topic 1. Problems of Modern Youth

Topic 2. The Most Popular Subcultures

Topic 3. Youth Culture. Fashion

Topic 4. Love and Friendship



Topic 1. Problems of Modern Youth


  • What is Hot with the Young Generation?


  1. aspirations-стремления

  2. behaviour- поведение

  3. conform to-согласовывать,

  4. cоответствовать

  5. cruelty-жестокость

  6. all-night dance parties-«танцы до упада» (всю ночь)

  7. express yourself in….-выражать себя в…..

  8. hang out-слоняться, тусоваться

  9. fear-страх

  10. fight-драка

  11. gang-банда

  12. join some groups –вступить в какую-то группу

  13. lifestyle-стиль жизни

  14. rebel-бунтарь, мятежник,

  15. восставать, бунтовать

  16. rebellion-сопротивление

  17. rebellious-мятежный

  18. reject-отвергать, отклонять

  19. subculture-субкультура

  20. threats-угрозы

  21. value-ценить, ценность

  22. violent-яростный, насильственный

  23. violence-насилие To identify with a particular subculture

  24. To rebel (protest) against ….

  25. To reject (say no to) ……….

  26. Don’t conform (don’t keep) to society standards…….

  27. Express my /their own identity

  28. To try out all sorts of options (to test all things that they can choose)…….

  29. are thought to be violent (showing strong physical force)

  30. prefer non-violent actions……

  31. Enjoy being…/doing…/making

  32. Enjoy being alone

  33. Hate…... brightly coloured hair/

  34. shocking way of wearing clothes

  35. be crazy about…….

  36. Form distinct (отличающиеся )cultural groupings

  37. Do voluntary work

  38. Identify with a particular group

  39. Solve a problem

  40. Be extremely nationalistic Have no experience of life / love at first sight

  41. Think about what may follow from an impulsive action

  42. Learn to be self-controlled in different situations

  43. Not to make a serious mistake due to lack of thought

  44. Not modest / respect neither themselves nor other people

  45. Mutual respect and understanding / tactful attitude towards each other

  46. Share all joys and sorrows together

  47. Faithful and honest to each other / always try to be interesting and pleasant

  48. Real love may be shown….

  49. We get along very well


Helpful Ideas (Problems of Modern Youth)



What problems worry young people in Russia?

How do you feel about teens’ problems?

  • I find them…….

Urgent, serious, important, awful, shocking, difficult to solve, interesting to discuss, useless to discuss



What are teens’ life ambitions?

  • They want to…

Enjoy life, be independent, express their individuality, do well at school, earn money, rebel against the society, reject everything, change the world for the best, be taken seriously, have the right to…, have the chance to…


What are the reasons?

  • The reasons are (that)…

Get depressed and upset, are treated badly, are quite indifferent, are not taken seriously, let, make, forbid…to…, allow…to…, force…to…, the system of our life, the changes of our society…..








  • What do young people worry about?

    • In my opinion…

    • Personally, I think that…

    • If you ask me,…










What problems?

  • It causes…..

Family problems, personal problems, school problems, violence, aggressiveness, cruelty, drug addiction, drinking problems, poverty, discrimination…

How to help?

  • Teenagers should…

  • Adults should…..

Think about, care about, talk about, be free to decide, forbid…to…, allow…to…, give more rights to…, send…to prison…, help to overcome /cope with difficulties…



Who can help?

  • can help

Teenagers themselves, parents, adults, school, the Government…….

















MODERN YOUTH


  • Bad Habits

    • Hard drugs

    • Diseases (AIDS)

    • Early pregnancy

    • Violence among youth

    • Crime

    • Smoking and drinking

    • Influenced by others

    The Best Time

    • Romance

    • Love

    • New discoveries

    • Money to spend

    • Spare time to fill









  • Difficult Time


    • Problems with parents (generation gap, punishment, invade privacy, impose ideas on, put pressure on, deny freedom, control, criticize)

    • Emotional problems (communicative problems -nobody understands me, first love-often has an unhappy end, dissatisfaction with own appearance, frequent changes of mood, self-criticism, to find a good, a real friend, free time-nowhere to go, nothing to do, to make very important decisions which will influence all future life, problems with parents and at school, to find own way in life, to adopt in the society, to be confident )

    • Financial problems ( to be well-educated , to have extra classes to enter the university, to have a good job, to have a lot of money- to dress well/ to go somewhere / to eat what you want)

    • The problem of planning the future career ( to choose the university, to pass entrance exams, to have a good job)
















  • Teenagers: What problems?


Generation gap

It’s a gap between the views of the younger generation of teenagers and the views of their parents. It causes them to argue or to be unfriendly to one another. The most common reasons for their arguments:

  • The teenagers attitude towards other family members

  • The parents want their children to help more about the house

  • The quality of the teenagers’ school work

  • Problems with smoking, drinking, going to night clubs, etc.

  • Different ideas, different styles, different thoughts…


School life and future career

  • Having no close friend

  • Pressure at school

  • Lessons at school are too difficult

  • Bullies at school

  • Planning the future career (to enter a good university and find a good job afterwards)

  • Having pocket money


Suicide

  • Loneliness or bad conditions of life

  • Love without reciprocity

  • Constant failures

  • Gang-violence

  • Death of close people or serious disease

  • Loss of money or financial problems

  • Drugs and alcohol


Drugs

  • Young people take drugs to escape from worries at home or at school. . They think that smoking and alcohol can help you relax and feel more confident and sociable. It causes addiction or dependence after regular use.

  • Some young people think you’re more attractive to the opposite sex after a few drinks. It’s nothing but illusion. The sight of a person with a silly smile, zigzag walking and slurred speech will have the opposite effect.

  • Everybody talks about drugs. Young people hear bad and good things about them. So they get curious and want to see themselves if drugs are good or bad. Some drugs may depress or stop breathing. They can cause unbalanced emotions and serious mental disorders.

.

Homelessness and Leaving Homes

  • Unemployment (Parents can’t find a well-paid job ; they don’t have enough money to feed their children)

  • Parents are too busy with their work and they don’t have time to look after their children

  • Unsatisfactory living conditions (they are no longer able or willing to live with their parents)

  • Some families have lost their homes which they owned themselves ( due to fraud )

  • Some children do not have their own flat or room ( sometimes homeless children live in empty houses)

  • Some children have problems at home and at school, so they want to escape from them

  • Refuges (most of them are from the former Soviet republics)

  • Most of them leave home because they want to get work and experience of the world



Smoking problem (fact file)

  • About 1/3 young smokers become addicted to tobacco at the age less than 10

  • 40% of High School students (14-17 ) are regular smokers.

  • About 100 million people around the world work in the tobacco industry.

  • Cigarette-smoking kills 2.5 million people every year. Many of them die from lung cancer. (Some aren't even smokers. They're people who live or work with heavy smokers)

  • $ 100 billion of cigarettes are sold every year.

  • It's against the law to smoke in a growing number of public places.

  • The first smokers were American Indians. Tobacco was brought to Europe by an Englishman. Sir Walter Raleigh, in the 16th century.
























Opinion Talk (about teen’s problems)

  1. One of the real problems is having no close friend. Several days ago I had a best friend, but now I don’t. My friend was much more to me than just a person with whom I communicated. We helped each other to survive and got along well. But some days ago we quarrelled, and now I’m at a loss what to do. Fortune turned its back on me and I feel very lonely. I can’t say that my parents don’t understand me, they try to support me; but I think only time can heal me. Some young people are just sure that their parents don’t want to understand them. It’s a very serious problem. I’m sure that this point of view is absolutely wrong.


  1. In our society youngsters are at odds with their parents on a wide range of issues, from how late they can stay up, to whom they should marry. It’s called a generation gap. But I think our parents are people whom we can trust. In most cases teens don’t understand their parents and become very nervous. When this happens, it’s time to say to yourself “stop”, and try to find in your parents more positive than negative traits. Our parents should understand one thing, that today’s children will become tomorrow’s society. So they should try to understand the child; they should find out about teen problems and help solve them.

  2. So the problem of "fathers and sons" seems to be eternal. But why? I think this is not the question of the young being good or bad. It is the problem of the young just being different. Life is never still, it is always in progress, it is changing all the time. So the young generation grows in conditions and environment different from those of their fathers. That's why they have different ideas, different ways, different styles. This may not be pleasant, but the older generation has to put up with it. There is no other way out.

  3. The other very important problem is our school life. Teens are often under pressure in many ways at school – they are supposed to be “macho” – good at school subjects, able to stand up for themselves without crying. If they can’t, they are “wimps”, and often children will tease and bully them, especially at school. But all children are different – they have different needs and talents, likes and dislikes. Teens are not just “machos” and “wimps”, they are rebels and conformists, extroverts and introverts. Our teachers and our parents should assure us that all these types of people are good, and it will reduce a lot of our problems.


  1. There are so-called “problem teenagers”, who take drugs. A large number of teens use them very often. They are drug addicts. I don’t have such friends and I think that there should be special programmes to solve this problem.


  1. Another problem is connected with biorhythms. Not all people know what it is, and they begin to laugh at you and can offend you, when sometimes you are all fingers and thumbs, when you are accident-prone, or when your temper seems to be on a short fuse. It is because we all have an internal “body clock” which regulates the rise and the fall of our bodies’ energies and it’s called biorhythms. So our teachers, parents and classmates should understand it and not pay attention to it because it’s the law of our life and nature.


  1. My other serious problem is to pass my final exams and enter a good university. After that I’d like to find a good job. But unemployment rates are extremely high – even qualified people with great knowledge can’t find something good. But in spite of that I hope for the best.


  1. I always want to impress people. But the first impression we make almost fully depends on what we wear and how we wear it. Manners and speech are noticed next and character only later. Many teens have the same taste. They like to keep up-to-date with the changes in our society. They like to wear clothes which look good and which you feel comfortable in. Being in fashion makes you feel good, in tune with the world you live in. But when you are at school it is important to wear the right clothes, even formal ones, and not to dress up. I understand it, but some of my classmates don’t. They like to shock their teachers and parents, and provoke them, and that’s why they have some problems at school. So you should have some “clothes sense” to know and feel the types of things that are your style in formal situations (when you are at school) and at parties.


  1. Another problem is stress, the negative impact of stress might cause diseases such as nervous breakdowns, migraines, eating disorders, asthma, hay fever, depression, heart disease, eczema and many other medical and social problems. Nevertheless, at the same time it can play a very important role in our lives making us stronger and helping us to overcome numerous problems.


The Problems of Free Time Activities


  1. Schoolchildren usually do not have much free time, because they have to go to school and do their homework. Still, you have to relax sometime. To my mind, it is possible to divide all teenagers into two groups: formal and informal. Teenagers from formal groups generally spend their leisure time doing sports, shopping or going out with friends, sightseeing and travelling; watching TV or listening to the music of their favourite radio station. Teenagers from informal groups spend their free time according to their values and beliefs. They may team with those who share their interests and listen to the music that deviates from the mainstream. They may have rave parties or bike shows, navigate the internet, or organise fan clubs.


  1. In big cities some teenagers from informal groups (e.g. skinheads) gather in gangs. They drink alcohol, fight, break everything they see, and write on walls. They practice vandalism. They enjoy it. They must be freaks who have nothing else to do. They wish nothing else. I think, they really have problems with free time activities. Such teenage gangsters or mobsters, usually get into trouble and create a distorted image of the younger generation. I find their behaviour absolutely provocative and terribly disgraceful.


  1. Some other teens prefer to spend a lot of time indoors because they are TV addicts or fond of computer/video games. Some like to be alone because they are keen on reading or watching videos. I do not like this kind of pastime. It makes you passive. I prefer outdoor activities. I enjoy being with other people. There are lots of interesting things for us to do. There is no use to stay in and watch your telly – instead choose a healthy hobby!


  1. Most teenagers in Russia like to go out with their friends or simply talk. There are a lot of topics to discuss. Friends can help you find new records, computer programmes or just new opportunities to enjoy your free time. I feel I could share all my feelings with my friends and they would understand me very well. We usually go to McDonald’s, the city centre, or a disco club. We talk or listen to some positive music.I know some teens who are fans of a music group or a singer. They collect posters and records, visit concerts regularly, and exchange pictures and news. They like to sing songs of their pop or rock idols and find information about them in the internet. On different websites, admirers can find pictures, and lyrics. Some even download the music.


  1. Other teens are sport fans or go in for sports themselves. British boys and girls play their traditional sport games, such as cricket, soccer, rugby, golf, and tennis. American boys and girls usually play American football, baseball, and basketball. Cheerleaders are also very popular in the USA.My friend and I like to play basketball and volleyball. In summer we play beach volleyball, badminton, and table tennis. But I would not like to join a sports team. I want to play just for fun, not to become a champion.


  1. Some teens spend a lot of time with their pets. One of my friends trains a puppy in his free time.


  1. I know that in Britain and the USA many teenagers earn money after school or during vacations. They work for their pocket money or to support their families. They can work in a local pub, a shop, a supermarket, or a golf club. The majority of kids prefer to deliver mail. Some work in stables, if they like horses; some work as baby-sitters, if they like babies. If I could, I would work too, though in Russia teens have fewer job opportunities. I could babysit, deliver letters. It’s great to acquire some working experience while you are still at school. I believe, I could even work abroad.


  1. The best way to relax for me is travelling. If your parents are made of money, you are a lucky dog. You may have the most breathtaking holidays at the resorts of Spain, Turkey, or the Bahamas. As a matter of fact, some travelling and working experience is rather important, because universities and potential employers are very much in favour of students who have it.


Topic 2. The Most Popular Subcultures


  • The names of various subcultures


Goths

(1980-90s)

The members of this subculture wear black clothes, a lot of silver jewellery. They look very pale and thin ( white faces with black make up ) , and gather together to read Bram Stoker and talk about being vampires. Romantic, gloomy philosophy, interested in dark side of the life.

Ravers

They like to be in a group and create all-night dance parties. They want to try out all sort of opinions and they are thought to be rebellious and violent.

Hippies

(1960s)

They support a liberal attitude and lifestyle. Mostly well-off, middle class kids reacting against their parents. They always want to change the world for the best, they disapprove materialism and believe in ‘free love’ and peace. They are thought to use psychedelic drugs and listen to Rock ’n’ Roll.

Punks

(mid-1970s)

These young people have brightly coloured spiked hair and dress in shocking way to express their individuality. They wear black leather jackets , metal objects and reject everything in the world. They made their own kind of music, punk rock, they like violent, discordant music. Anti-materialistic from necessity as they come from poor backgrounds.

Mods

(1960s)

These young people have pale faces and plenty of make up. They prefer listening to soul music. Their clothes are a neat white Italian shirt, a short jacket, narrow trousers and a short blazer, very fashion conscious. Scooters are their preferred means of transportation. Enemies of the Rockers, who ride motorbikes.

Rockers

This type of young people is associated with something rebellious. They wear leather jackets, army boots and a cowboy hats to show off.

Hackers

(1990s)

These young people have a deep understanding of how computers work. They can do “ magical” things with them.

Skinheads


The young people of this subculture have no or very short hair. They are uninterested in traditional politics. The majority of them are working class and football fans. They are regarded as violent and aggressive ( right-wing and racist). They wear jeans. Ex-army clothing and big boots. They enjoy fighting. They like similar music to the punks. They are often poorly educated .



Topic 3. Youth Culture. Fashion.


  • Youth Fashion


  1. be well-dressed-быть хорошо одетым (нарядным)

  2. comfortable clothes-удобная одежда

  3. baggy jeans-мешковатые джинсы

  4. bargain-покупка со скидкой

  5. designer label-дизайнерская марка

  6. trainers-кроссовки

  7. sweatshirt-спортивный свитер (кофта)

  8. hood-капюшон

  9. rip-рваться

  10. be fashionable-быть модным

  11. be into fashion-следить за модой

  12. top designer-ведущий дизайнер

  13. hit the shops-пристраститься к магазинам

  14. influence-влиять Affordable-доступный по средствам

  15. Attractive-привлекательный

  16. Baggy-мешковатый

  17. Chic-с шиком

  18. Classy-классный

  19. comfortable-удобный

  20. contemporary-современный

  21. cheap -дешевый

  22. cosy-уютный

  23. dated-современный

  24. elegant-элегантный

  25. expensive-дорогой

  26. fashionable-модный

  27. magnificent-великолепный

  28. old-fashioned-старомодный

  29. smart-нарядный

  30. sophisticated-утонченный, отвечающий изощренному вкусу

  31. spectacular-эффектный

  32. striking-поразительный

  33. stunning-сногсшибательный

  34. stylish-стильный

  35. tacky-аляповатый

  36. tasteless-безвкусный

  37. trendy-модный

  38. to adorn oneself-украшать себя

  39. to admire- восхищаться

  40. to apply cosmetics, make up - применять косметику

  41. to be afraid to remain unnoticed

  42. to be in ( fashion) ; to be out ( out of fashion)- быть в моде , не в моде

  43. to captivate- пленять

  44. to charm - очаровывать

  45. to combine , to go with - сочетаться

  46. to draw other people's attention

  47. fabulous - потрясающий

  48. to fit - быть в пору

  49. to follow the fashion- следовать моде

  50. glamour, glamorous- обаяние, обаятельный, эффектный

  51. to go with- сочетаться с чем-то, подходить к чему-то

  52. hair-do, hairdress- прическа

  53. to look old-fashioned

  54. to make up, the make up - подкрашиваться; грим . косметика

  55. to make one look attractive- украшать, делать привлекательнее

  56. man/ woman of good taste - мужчина (женщина) с хорошим вкусом

  57. to overdo with cosmetics - употреблять слишком много косметики

  58. to put on =to wear; to take off = to remove

  59. to resort to cosmetics - прибегать к косметике

  60. to suit - сидеть хорошо на человеке (о веши)

  61. Teddy Boy - пижон

  62. trendy - модный

  63. to try on – примерять


Helpful Ideas (Youth Culture. Fashion)


  • Talking about youth culture



Opinion 1. What's your definition of youth culture?

I don't really know. I suppose it's a lot of things. mean, some people love fashion, others like pop music or sport.....it's different for everyone. In fact, perhaps youth culture doesn't even exist. After all my Dad's still interested in pop and he's 47! OK -let's put it this way. There is such a thing as youth culture, but you don't have to be young to enjoy it.


Opinion 2. Is youth culture different for everyone?

Yes and no. In my opinion there are two kinds of youth culture - boring and interesting. The boring culture is international - you know - Coca Cola adverts, Adidas shoes, Madonna...all of that. But real youth culture is different. That's the ideas and opinions and styles of young people. The 'boring' culture is controlled by people under thirty. The real culture is controlled by people under thirty.

Opinion 3. Is youth culture really controlled by older people?

Of course! And do you know why? Money - that's why. The international youth market is worth billions. It's all one big business. Well, OK, not all of it, but most of it.


Opinion 4. Do you think youth culture offers you a lot of choice?

Yeah. Too much choice, in fact. Sometimes it's a real problem. Youth culture puts a lot of pressure on kids. Read this! Do that! Go here! See that! Sometimes I just want to say 'Shut up and leave me alone!' What I really hate is how everybody tries to define young people. Look at advertising. In adverts, kids are always healthy, happy and rich. That's not true. Then you watch the TV or news or open a newspaper. There, kids are always a problem. Either kids are happy little consumers or they're drug addicts and hooligans. We can't win.


Opinion 5. What about the future? Do you think youth culture will change very much in the next ten years? Will it stop 'defining' people so much?

Who cares how it's going to change?! I don't understand why everybody's taking this so seriously, I mean, we're young - let's just have a good time. We can start worrying about life when we're a bit older. These days I'm interested in talking seriously and having fun. That's why I think youth culture is so great - it gives you the chance to do both.



  • Some interesting facts about music.



Rock vocabulary: (see English #13/ 2003)

The Blues are called "roots music (музыка, уходящая корнями в прошлое). The blues arose in the USA sometime after the Civil War as a mixture of the African music brought over by slaves, ballads, church music, and rhythmic dance tunes. So, the basic vocabulary of rock is the blues.

Rhythm and Blues (R'n'B) a mixture of black religious music (gospel) and jazz.

Country the music of America's heartland (главных, основанных первыми американскими штатов). It can be traced back to British immigrants who brought with them a tradition of Celtic ballads and string instruments. Nashville, Tennessee, became the centre of country music by the 1930s. Many rockabilly singers returned to country roots, like Aerosmith.

Rockabilly was Elvis Presley's music, a lively hybrid of blues and country that became rock'n'roll. Every generation of rockers has revived and rediscovered rockabilly.

Rock'n'Roll was the earliest and usually simpler form of rock music which appeared in the early 1950s in the USA. It is based on electric guitar and drums. Instead of playing pop music, disc jockey (DJ) Alan Freed started playing the rhythm and blues music derived from jazz and country. The impact of The Beatles (formed in 1959 in Liverpool) on rock'n'roll is incalculable. The Rolling Stones began calling themselves the "World's Greatest Rock'n'Roll Band" in the late 1960s, and few disputed the claim.

Jazz America's most important and original contribution to world culture. It is music that depends primarily on


improvisation, freedom and swing. The first music known as jazz was the New Orleans style (later known as Dixieland), in which a small group would collectively improvise on a well-known tune.

Swing jazz style music popular in 193Os -4Os. A big-band sound with a simple harmonic base of varying tempo from the rhythm section (percussion, guitar, piano), harmonic brass and sometimes strings, to solo melodic line (e.g. saxophone). Duke Ellington and Glen Miller introduced jazz to a mass white audience.

Funk bass-driven, percussive polyrhythmic black dance music, with minimal melody and maximum syncopation. It has developed since the 1960s and with some simplification of its rhythms, funk provided the basis for disco and became a cornerstone of hip-hop, rap, and every other black-inspired and dance genre to emerge since.

Disco a type of soft rock music for dancing. Being a representative of disco, ABBA was one of the most commercially successful groups of the 1970s.

Soul a type of modern black American music, derived from gospel, blues and jazz. It has funk rhythms and expresses strong emotions. "Soul" is also a black slang term for sincerity. Tony Braxton is a representative of soul.

Reggae a type of West Indian popular music and dance with strong rhythms that derived from Afro-Caribbean music and American R'n'B. It has flourished in Jamaica since the early 1960s. Reggae is based on a specific Jamaican beat known as "ska". The most influencial ska musicians were Rastrafarians (растрафари) who incorporated ritual "burra" drumming and chanting (включили ритуальную игру на барабанах и песнопение) into their music, while their lyrics quoted (тексты песен цитировали) Rasta scripture (священное писание растрафари). Bob Marley was one of the founders of this musical style.

Acid (Psychedelic) Rock has intensely vivid sounds like those experienced while hallucinating. It usually involves advanced electronic equipment. Pink Floyd, formed in 1965, is the most prominent representative of acid rock with their biggest hit Dark Side of the Moon, 1973.

Pomp Rock was developed by Queen. It is characterized by stage set-ups (особые сценические устройства), smoke bombs, and flashpots. Queen's sound combined showy opera-like glam rock, heavy metal, and vocal harmonies produced by multitracking Mercury's voice. Brian May's guitar was thickly overdubbed (dub - "даб" - прием, который сводится к редактированию фонограммы).

Heavy Metal heavily amplified (пропущенный через усилители звука), blues-based, electric guitar-driven rock that came of age during the early seventies. The representatives are Led Zeppelin, Iron Maiden, Metallica.

Punk Rock a type of loud and violent rock music popular since the late 1970s. It is associated with protest against conventional attitudes. Punk's fashion statements are wearing safety pins, spiked hair, and black leather jackets. Punk fans introduced the pogo dance. Most punk groups put forward their nihilistic slogan "No future", while there were also rebels with a cause (в то время как были и бунтовщики, приследующие определенные цели), from anti-Thatcherism to calls for racial unity (от выступлений против политики премьер-министра Маргарет Тэтчер до поддержки расового единства). Punk groups are The Sex Pistols, The Jam, The Clash.

Hardcore is a louder and faster form of punk rock that appeared on the US West Coast in the early 80s. It is characterised by despairing, nihilistic lyrics screamed from a chaotic din (из хаотичного шума) of rapidly changing guitar chords. Hardcore kids wear tattoos, buzz cuts and combat boots. They originated slam dancing, or "moshing", in which members of the mostly white and male audiences would form small pits in front of bands and smash into one another as the music played (нарочно сталкиваются друг с другом под музыку). Stage diving (прыжки со сцены) by audience members into the mosh pit was a common occurrence. Two West Coast proto-hardcore bands were the Los Angeles-based groups Germs and Black Flag. "Real" hardcore skinheads tried to distance themselves from racist ones in 1981. But by the mid-eighties, hardcore had begun to play itself out, splittering into trash and speed metal. New wave is pop with punkish tappings, such as faster tempos. It is a catch-all term (всеобъемлющий, расхожий термин) for bands that emerged (возникли) after 1976 and could not be characterized as pure punk. As MTV began defining the mainstream, successful new-wave acts, such as Duran Duran and The Police, became widely popular.

Grunge (extremely dirty) a postpunk hard-rock subgenre of the "alternative" movement. It first appeared in Seattle with Nirvana s 1992 chart-topper (хит, занимающий верхние строки в чартах), Smells Like Teen Spirit. Grunge bands were influenced equally by punk rock and by such hard-rock bands as Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath, AC/DC, and Kiss. The Grunge "look" is characterized by untucked plaid-flannel shirts (незаправленные в брюки фланелевые рубахи), stocking caps, and moth-eaten sweaters. Female hardcore punk, or "foxcore", bands such as L7, Hole (whose frontwoman, Courtney Love, married Nirvana ‘s Kurt Cobain) are also identified with the grunge scene.

Rap is a form of dance music in which vocalists - rappers - speak in rhythm and rhyme. Rapping is a specialised style originated in the mid-seventies in the discos of New York City's black neighbourhoods, alongside such ghetto arts as freedom writing (graffiti) and break dancing. It was developed by DJs. The progenitors of rap were spinners - disco DJs (прародителями рэпа были спиннеры - диск жокеи) who segued songs for dancers. Initially the role of a rapper was to keep the beat going with handclasp while the spinner changed records. Rappers developed specific lines of lyrics, slogans, and call-and-response exchanges with the audience. The first rap records were not made until 1979, most of them for small independent labels called indies (пластинки независимых студий звукозаписи). Today the best-known rappers are Eminem and Nelly who got American Music Awards in 2003.

Hip-hop the backing music for rap, a street-derived, avant-garde art form that is linked with the commercial rise of rap in the early eighties. Hip-hop is used to describe rap culture, break dancing, graffiti and the specific music.


Hip-hop tracks combine "found sounds" (often digitally

recorded samples of music, voices, or ambient noise), looped drum tracks (either natural or electronic), bass lines, guitar riffs, manipulations that produce the music's backward, scratching, and stuttering effects (движение пластинки руками в обратном направлении, воспроизведение царапания или заикания на пластинке). In 1987, The Bomb Squard, a hip-hop team, introduced a hard, noisy, dense, highly influencial sound that combined sirens, political speeches, and music samples. Hip-hop is like postmodern visual art: it combines bits and pieces of art and media from different eras into a whole.

Techno a computer generated dance music style that combines the big beat of disco and rapid-fire intensity of punk. Its artists are DJs who use digital samplers and sequencers to combine some found sounds (fragments of prerecorded songs, drumbeats, whistles, television chatter, etc). This repetitive, chaotic, ear-splitting, nervous, soulless music developed at all-night underground psychedelic parties fuelled by the hallucinogenic stimulant Ecstasy. Developed in Detroit, techno had reached a large cult audience by the early 1990s when the major labels (ведущие студии звукозаписи) began promoting Moby, the Orb, and Messiah. Despite the music's success, most techno artists prefer to remain anonymous, DJing in the darkness of the rave milieu (в среде рейверских дискотек) behind spiderwebs of wires and computer equipment, and often recording on vinyl records with plain white labels. Sometimes techno DJs perform and record the music variations under different pseudonyms. One of these techno variations is known as the Chicago-born "house" style (стиль "хаус").



Talking about music


Is pop music……

  • A cold hard business which only exists to make money?

  • A harmless way to relax and have fun?

  • A serious, important art form?

  • A voice for the thoughts and feelings of young people?

  • A way to save lives and change the world?


Help!

Opinion 1

Pop's an international industry - it's as simple as that. Record companies are in business to make a profit. Everything else -the styles, stars and songs - all depend on that one fact. Personally, I think it's wrong. I mean, why should companies become rich because kids like rock and roll? Still, there's no point in complaining... the system's never going to change.


Opinion 2

Pop music gives pleasure to billions of people. It saves lives, too. Think of all the money that Band Aid sent to Africa, for example. Things like that are important. After all - how else can 14 or 15-year-olds do anything about the world's problems? They can't vote, can they?


Opinion 3

I don't understand why some people take music so seriously. I've got friends who are like that. They criticise new records – analyse (=examine something in great detail) what the lyrics mean - argue about which songs are better than others... it drives me crazy! (= it makes me feel really angry and frustrated). Why can't they just relax and have fun?


Opinion 4

For me, pop is a kind of global language. A really unusual, exciting one too. It cuts across all the barriers - age, colour, class, sex, religion - and brings people together. I think that's why everyone likes it so much. It's a way of sharing all our hopes and fears.


Opinion 5

I don't really listen to much rock and pop these days. I prefer classical music. Why? Well... pop's lost its direction, I think. Everything's controlled by machines and technology. Ten or twenty years ago there were real artists writing real songs - now all you get is synthesisers and dance music. It's like wallpaper... everything sounds the same.


Opinion 6

I think pop music is better today than ever before. There are stars from all over the world - lots of different styles and images - it's great! Yes, of course there's a lot of rubbish, too, but so what? There always was and there always will be. What you have to do is choose, not complain. Pop's like a big funfair. If you can't have a good time it's nobody's fault but yours.


Opinion 7

What fascinates me about pop is the future. What's going to happen in the next ten or twenty years? Will my parents really keep playing Pink Floyd and The Who? Will I still enjoy Erasure, Oasis and the other people I like now? And what about my kids? What kind of music will they be into? (= to be really interested in something). It's a strange thought, isn't it? Anyway, I suppose there's only one way to find out, really... wait and see.


Opinion 8

I don't think you can just talk about pop 'music' any more. These days it's much bigger than that. Pop is a culture. It involves magazines, TV programmes, films, books, clothes, videos, advertising, charities... a whole way of life.



  • Do clothes make the man?


FOR

  • Clothes are important because they tell people who you are, they show someone’s personality. It’s the first thing people see when they meet a person.

  • We often judge people by what they are wearing. For example, people dressed in expensive clothes are thought to be wealthy.

  • Our choice of clothes also depends on our age and who we are influenced by.

  • You feel better and more comfortable if you know you’ve got good clothes on.

  • Clothes are fun and young people like shopping for them, but they don’t like to look like everybody else. They try to have their own style, clothes that fit their personality and their mood.

AGAINST

  • Some young people spend too much money on clothes, it’s stupid. All you need is a pair of jeans. They are cheap, cool and comfy.

  • We do not always get the chance to choose our clothes. Sometimes we have to wear a standard uniform.
















Topic 4. Love and Friendship

  • Love and Marriage. Friendship


  1. be influenced by…-быть под влиянием

  2. be engaged to smb-быть помолвленным с кем-то

  3. be married-быть замужем

  4. get married-выйти замуж

  5. engagement-помолвка

  6. bride-невеста

  7. bridegroom-жених

  8. civil marriage-гражданский брак

  9. a date-свидание

  10. to date (to go out with smb)-встречаться с кем-либо

  11. double date-двойное(парное) свидание

  12. blind date-свидание с незнакомым человеком

  13. divorce-развестись

  14. go clubbing-ходить в развлекательный клуб

  15. go for a sporty look-стремиться иметь спортивный вид

  16. go steady-иметь постоянного возлюбленного

  17. go Dutch-платить свою часть за угощение, устроить складчину ex-wife/ husband- бывшая жена/ муж

  18. fall in love-влюбиться

  19. illegal marriage-незаконный брак

  20. jealous-ревнивый

  21. make a date-назначить свидание

  22. patient- терпеливый

  23. propose to smb-сделать предложение

  24. marry smb-выйти замуж

  25. marry for love-жениться по любви

  26. marriage-замужество

  27. marriage for convenience-брак по расчёту

  28. misalliance-неравный брак

  29. wedding-свадьба

  30. wedding ceremony-венчание

  31. wedding ring-обручальное кольцо

  32. Mutual respect and understanding

  33. Tactful attitude towards each other

  34. Share all joys and sorrows together

  35. Faithful and honest to each other

  36. Always try to be interesting and pleasant


.

Quotations, Sayings and Proverbs (Modern Youth)


  1. «There can never be clear and absolute guidelines about what is good and evil. What is good depends entirely upon the circumstances at the time».

  2. « The old believe everything; the middle-aged suspect everything; the young know everything.»

  3. «Good clothes open all doors» (Thomas Fuller, Gnomologia, 1732)

  4. «A lady wants to be dressed exactly like everybody else but she gets pretty upset if she sees anybody else dressed exactly like her.» (Ogden Nash, Marriage Lines, 1964)

  5. «Eat to please yourself, but dress to please others». (Benjamin Franklin, 19th century)

  6. Read these lines about age and youth and say in what way they are true.

« The old believe everything; the middle-aged suspect everything; the young know everything.»

  1. Give your comments on the following:

A lady wants to be dressed exactly like everybody else but she gets pretty upset if she sees

anybody else dressed exactly like her. (Ogden Nash, «Marriage Lines» 1964)

  1. Youth means love (Robert Browning)

  2. Youth is a period of missed opportunities (Connolly)

  3. Youth is the best time to be rich and the best time to be poor. (Euripides)

  4. No young man believes he will ever die. (William Hazlitt)

  5. Youth is quick in feelings but weak in judgment. (Homer)

Подготовка к экзаменам с опорой на текст

Для подготовки учащихся к экзаменам целесообразно проводить следующую тренировку с опорой на небольшие тексты. Тематика текстов – проблемы, с которыми может столкнуться подросток.

SAY NO TO BULLYING ( И. О. Ишхнели ,ГОУ СОШ № 1738 )

Growing up is often a problem for many teenagers. Here are some tips to consider in making your choices.

Bullies just seem to exist everywhere. A bully is anyone who appears to feel powerful when they hurt or pick on someone else. They do not need a reason, just a target, or victim. If you are a target or a bully, there are a few things you can do: http://eng.1september.ru/2008/03/img9-1.gif

Avoid the bully whenever possible.
• Walk or run away from the bully.
• Ask your friends to stick close. It is harder to pick on someone when they have friends standing up for them.
• Ask an adult (parent, teacher or counselor) for help.
• Be assertive. Tell the bully to stop bothering you, that you do not like it and will report the abuse if it continues.
If you see someone else being bullied, don't get in the way; you could be hurt. Instead, try one of these things:
• Find an adult to help ASAP (As Soon As Possible).
• Encourage your friends to be assertive (
решительно настроенным) and tell the bully that his or her behavior is unacceptable.
• If you are the one doing the bullying, STOP! You do not have the right to make others feel bad, to threaten people, to tease people, or to cause other people harm.

GANGS

There may be kids in your neighborhood who know about or are part of gangs, which can be pretty scary. They could be involved in illegal activities or hurt other people.
There are lots of reasons people join gangs. Below are just a few examples.
• They don’t feel like they have a family member that they can talk to.
• They feel left out and want to belong.
• They are drawn to the excitement of the misbehaving.
We suggest that you don’t get involved in gangs because people often get hurt. If you hear about a fight or rivalry, tell a teacher or trusted adult so that they can help.

После чтения и перевода текстов учащимся можно предложить выполнить следующие задания.
Задание 1 (для тренировки задания по письму на ЕГЭ, эссе с аргументацией “за” и “против”).
Comment on the following statement.
Some teenagers say that bullying can be stopped only if you ask your friends to help punish the bully. Others say that it could be dangerous and only adults can help.

Далее необходимо объяснить учащимся план написания эссе.
1. Введение. Начинать с общего представления темы (e.g. Bullying is one of the most common teenage problems…), подчеркивая тот факт, что относиться к этой проблеме можно по-разному: наказывать хулиганов самому, с помощью своих друзей или ждать вмешательства взрослых.

2. Основная часть. Представить аргументы “за” вмешательство взрослых (e.g. Some teenagers say that…) и “против” их вмешательства (e.g. Others believe that…) в двух отдельных абзацах.

3. Заключение. Подвести итог сказанному (e.g. All in all…). Выразить надежду на компромисс (e.g. One can only hope that…). Если есть собственное мнение “за” или “против”, постарайтесь коротко высказаться (e.g. All things considered, I believe that … In my opinion,…). Если лично вы за вмешательство взрослых в подобные конфликты, значит абзац с аргументами “за” их вмешательство из вашей Основной части должен предшествовать Заключению. Если вы против такого вмешательства и считаете обращение за помощью доносительством, то логично перед Заключением в Основной части поместить абзац с аргументами “против”, а уже в Заключении присоединиться к ним.

Необходимо ознакомить учащихся с некоторыми выражениями и оборотами:
1. Введение
. The problem/issue/phenomenon of … is/appears to be/has always been …
The most worrying trend is …
Teenagers/People always say/have always said/thought/believed/agreed that …
One of the reasons for that is possibly the fact that…
It is a controversial/burning/hot question…
There is a dispute/discussion/no agreement …

2. Основная часть. On the one hand…on the other hand; Firstly, To begin with, Secondly, Finally, In addition, Besides, Moreover, What is more, Furthermore, However, Despite this, In spite of this, In fact, As a matter of fact, As a result, Consequently, etc.

3. Заключение. This would be the best way of… I wonder what other teenagers/people think about this issue. All in all, I am sure…

Далее представлены варианты эссе, написанные учащимися после ознакомления с текстом, заданием и объяснением, как выполнять это задание:
1.
Bullying is one of the most common teenage problems. There are bullies in many schools. It is believed that bullies feel powerful when they hurt someone else. What can a victim do? It is a controversial question.
Some teenagers say the victim should avoid the bully whenever possible and run away. Besides, it is important to ask your friends to stick closer and help. You should be assertive and tell the bully to stop bothering you. Moreover, you can threaten the bully or cause him harm in response.
Other teenagers believe that bullies can be dangerous, especially if they are involved in gangs. As a result, they may seriously hurt you. It is better to report the abuse if it continues and becomes dangerous for your life. The victim should tell a teacher or trusted adult so that they can help.
All in all, I am sure this problem should be considered both by teenagers and adults. I can only hope that bullies will understand that it is wrong to make other people feel bad. Such misbehaving will spoil their life too.

2. The problem of bullying is not easy to deal with. A lot of teenagers are drawn to the excitement of misbehaving. They usually find targets who are weaker and don’t have friends standing up for them. Then, teasing and bullying start.
On the one hand, teasing and bullying can be harmful and very dangerous. As a matter of fact, it may result in fights and injuries. In this case the victim must stop the abuse and tell any trusted adult about the bully. Adults must help and do everything to stop bullying.
On the other hand, most teenagers believe that reporting is wrong. They don’t like people who tell teachers or parents about misbehaving of their classmates. Moreover, there are pupils who prefer to get hurt rather than tell teachers about bullying.
In my opinion, we shouldn’t report the abuse at once. First, it is better to talk to the bully. Some bullies are miserable because they don’t feel like they have a friend or a family member to talk to. They are left out and want to belong to any group, even if they tease and harm their classmates. We should be assertive and make bullies realize that they don’t have any right to cause people harm.
I wonder what other teenagers think about this issue.

На устном экзамене в 9-х классах второе задание билета проверяет умения монологической речи:
Задание 2.
Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте. Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.
Задача экзаменуемого – сделать сообщение в связи с прочитанным текстом, высказать и аргументировать свое отношение к поднятой автором проблеме.
Для тренировки монологического высказывания можно также использовать тексты
Say “No” to Bullying и Gangs, которые соответствует теме Teenage Problems. После прочтения текстов учащиеся должны уметь самостоятельно определить эту тему и построить свое монологическое высказывание, используя знания по данной теме, полученные во время прохождения школьной программы, и информацию из текстов. Например,
I think teenagers have a lot of problems. One of them is getting along with people around you. Some teenagers don’t get on with their parents and teachers. They want more freedom, start arguing with adults. They don’t have a trusted adult or family member that they can talk to. When they are punished, they become violent. I agree that they may be drawn to the excitement of misbehaving. They even may get involved in illegal activities and gangs. Smoking, alcohol, bullying allow them to show protest and feel powerful. In my opinion, this misbehaving is very dangerous.
I totally agree that all teenagers must say NO to bullying. No one has the right to tease people and cause them harm. It is unacceptable! I am sure that teachers and parents can help. Besides, it’s great when there are real friends who can stick close and protect you from any abuse. I believe I have real friends and I’m not afraid of bullies.
http://eng.1september.ru/2008/03/img9-2.gif


17



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Краткое описание документа:

Language case № 7 “Modern Youth”

  • Topic 1. Problems of Modern Youth
  • Topic 2. The Most Popular Subcultures
  • Topic 3. Youth Culture. Fashion
  • Topic 4. Love and Friendship

modern_youh.jpg

Topic 1. Problems of Modern Youth

• What is Hot with the Young Generation?

1. aspirations-стремления

2. behaviour- поведение

3. conform to-согласовывать, 

4. cоответствовать

5. cruelty-жестокость

6. all-night dance parties-«танцы до упада» (всю ночь)

7. express yourself in….-выражать себя в…..

8. hang out-слоняться, тусоваться

9. fear-страх

10. fight-драка

11. gang-банда

12. join some groups –вступить в какую-то группу

13. lifestyle-стиль жизни

14. rebel-бунтарь, мятежник, 

15. восставать, бунтовать

16. rebellion-сопротивление

17. rebellious-мятежный

18. reject-отвергать, отклонять

19. subculture-субкультура

Автор
Дата добавления 19.10.2013
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров2290
Номер материала 16488101943
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