Государственное бюджетное общеобразовательное учреждение
средняя общеобразовательная школа № 327 Невского района Санкт-Петербурга
Конспект урока по английскому языку
«Изобретатели и изобретения»
Возраст учащихся – 10 класс
Автор: учитель английского языка – Лобова М.А.
Цель урока: формирование лексических навыков чтения и говорения; развитие речевых умений.
знакомство с выдающимися изобретателями и изобретениями,
развитие умения читать с детальным пониманием содержания и с целью извлечения конкретной информации, развитие умения работать в парах.
развитие способности к распределению внимания, к непроизвольному запоминанию, к структурной антиципации, к анализу и синтезу, к сравнению и сопоставлению речевых единиц, к абстрагированию и обобщению при овладении грамматическими явлениями, к формулированию выводов из прочитанного и услышанного, к планированию своего высказывания, развитие способностей к репродуктивным и продуктивным речевым действиям;
формирование потребности и способности к критическому мышлению,
воспитание чувства сопричастности к мировой истории,
воспитание уважения к чужому труду и творчеству, воспитание чувства гордости за достижения своих великих соотечественников;
учебник «Enjoy English» для 10 класса, М.З. Биболетова, раздаточный материал с тестом для чтения и упражнениями, компьютер, экран проектора.
Прилагаемые материалы: презентация Power Point
Тип урока: комбинированный
I Организационный момент:
T: Good morning, boys and girls! Nice to see you! How are you today? Sit down, please!
- Who is on duty today?
- What date is it today?
-Who is absent today?
-Thank you. Sit down, please!
2. Сообщение темы урока.
T: I invite you to take part in the lesson devoted to inventions and inventors. You’ll learn a lot of useful information about achievements of scientists from different countries. Also you’ll have plenty of practice in listening and speaking.
II Фонетическая зарядка, актуализация изученного материала.
Работа с лексикой по теме “Inventors and inventions”.
T: What of the modern inventions do you have at home? (учащиеся отвечают, перечисляя бытовую технику, которая есть дома, используя лексику прошлых уроков.)
T: Now answer my questions, please.
1. What units and machines do you use in your household?
2. What is the most useful thing for your mother?
3. What do you use for calling somebody who is far from you?
4. What do you use for cleaning rooms?
5. What thing can’t your father live without? What thing can you easily do without?
6. What do you use for listening to music?
7. What is the most useless thing in your household?
T: I see. Well, you use many units and machines. And do you know the names of people who invented them?
Работа по карточкам на знание темы
T: On your tables you have a cards with some tasks
Match the words and definitions:
1. a TV set h. a system for sending or receiving speech over
f. to keep food fresh for a long time
2. a car d. to move fast and quick around the world
3. a computer i. to write programs, play games, find and use information a. to take photographs
4. a video player b. to receive or make calls around the home
5. a camera j. to move wherever you want by yourself
6. a vacuum cleaner c. to perform everyday cleaning tasks
7. a fridge e. to watch pre-recorded videos
8. a mobile telephone g. to have fun and to entertain
9. a plane
10. a telephone
Complete the following sentences
1. I think that ….. is the most important thing.
2. We can …..
3. Some of the inventions, for example …. is less important.
4. We do not often …..
5. And I’m sure we can do without …..
III Активизация учащихся в употреблении в речи тематического языкового материала.
1.Развитие навыков аудирования
T: Today we’ll speak about inventions and inventors. We have learned some facts about useful inventions which were made in the long history of mankind. Most of them have really brought us comfort and convenience. We cannot imagine our life without electric lamps, cars or telephones, television or computers. You have known about talented inventors, some of them are Russians and we can be proud of their achievements. Now, let’s listen to your classmates, they will tell us about several famous inventors and their inventions. Listen please very attentively and complete the table you have in front of you.
When and where did he live
What did he invent
Where do we use it
Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge
Was born in the small town to Penkhall near Stoke on Trent. I was the senior from eight sons in a family of the dealer in plastic clay (raw materials for ceramics). A secondary education I got at Adams's school. I received degree of the bachelor (1875) and doctors (1877) London universities. With 1881 — the professor of physics and mathematics in University college of Liverpool. With 1900 — the director of again opened Birmingham university. In 1902 it is made in knights. In 1919 I retired.
On August 14, 1894 at meeting of the British association of assistance to science development at Oхfоrd University Lodge and Alexander Mirkhed made the first successful demonstration of radiotelegraphy. During demonstration the radio signal of the Morse alphabet was sent from laboratory in the next Klarendonovsky case and accepted by the device at distance of 40 m — at theater of the Museum of natural history where there took place lecture.
"The device for registration of reception of electromagnetic waves" — the conductor — (coherer), a source of current, the relay and a galvanometer contained the radio receiver invented by Lodge. The coherer represented the glass tube filled by metal sawdust ("Branli's tube") which for sensitivity restoration to "Hertz waves" should be stirred up periodically; for this purpose the electric call or the mechanism with a hammer hook (actually, with "breaker" - tramblyory Lodge and gave this combination of a tube the name "coherer") was used. However further researches in the field of practical application of the practices Lodge didn't move, and as a result conceded honor of the invention of radio to Popov, Ampere-second.
On August 6, 1898 Lodge took out the patent on "use of the adjusted induction coil in wireless transmitters or receivers".
Lodge also invented a dynamic loudspeaker of modern type (1898) and an electric spark plug.
Alexander Popov was born of the 16th of March in 1859 in Ural Mountains in the family of priest. Even in his childhood he spent a lot of time getting technical and physical education. And so after school he decided to enter Physic-mathematics faculty in Saint-Petersburg. He studied and worked for the company electro-technician. Already in 1883 he became a teacher in Kronshtadt. In 1891 he became a professor in electro-technical University. In 1905 he became a President of that university. Popov died on the 13th of January in 1906.
It is interesting that Popov was closed to marine forces. The great invention was made in the sea . At the same time people from different countries also were on their way to this invention-Rezerford, Marconi and others.
But the first scientist who made this invention was Popov.
Rezerford tried to solve the problem of giving the signals on the distance. In 1897 Rezerford published an article where he told about his scientific experiments. The same year Rezerford learned about the results experiences of Marconi and stopped his scientific work. From then on he was interested in another sphere-radio activity.
Invention of radio showed that justice of theory of Maxwell that the highest level of truth is practice
When Popov worked over his discovery he clearly understood the whole importance of his invention for the seaports, the marine forces and for his Motherland. Popov did not to publish the news about his work from the very beginning because he wanted to inform only special public-marine officers and scientists. But from the moment when news of Marconi appeared in Russian newspapers Popov had to write articles. On 20th January in 1897 the first such article was published in newspaper «Kotlin». From the point of history Popov was more right than Marconi. But from the point of Juridical Marconi had much more rights for this invention than Popov. It safe to say that Marconi was not interested in scientific aspect of that problem, he was interested in only historical aspect. The part of Marconi in the following development of radio is undoubtful. But exactly in the development, not discovery. The dates of invention of radio is the most important day in history of peoples culture. In 1889 Popov red for marine-officers some lections. One of the topic of that lections was antielectric features. Those lections had very big success. In the lections Popov demonstrated experiment of Герц. The marine technical committee offered the marine ministry to repeat those lections in St-Petersburg in the marine museum. Popov told in his lections about possibility of practical use of the waves of Герц and authorities were interested in it. The Marine council gave Popov the necessary amount of money.
In 1895 Popov made experiments in giving and receiving electromagnet waves from the distance of 60 meters. And in 1897 he wrote the article about sending a logical text using special code.
On the 7th of May In 1895 he finally invented radio. After that he continued to working on the ships in the Black and Baltic seas.
The most brilliant English scientist was Ernest Rutherford, the Baron Rutherford of Nelson. He was the first man "to split the atom" and produce the world's first ever artificial nuclear reaction. At that time he was working in a laboratory of Cambridge University.
Rutherford was born in New Zealand in 1872 — the same year the Cavendish laboratory in the University of Cambridge was founded. An outstanding scholar, Rutherford joined the Cavendish at the age of 24, at a time when, under the leadership of the brilliant J. Thomson, the laboratory was entering its most creative period.
It was in 1908 that Rutherford made the breakthrough that was to change the whole concept of physics. He found that if he fired radioactive particles at a thin foil of metal most particles passed through — but more importantly, other particles were deflected. These deflected particles Rutherford believed, had hit some sort of dense core, which occupied only a small part of the volume of the atom. Rutherford called the dense core the "nucleus" of the atom, around which he envisaged the systematic orbiting of electrons. Rutherford's model of the atom won him the Nobel Prize in 1908.
Eleven years later, he used different radioactive particles — high-speed helium — to bombard a different substance — nitrogen. The particles shattered the nucleus to produce a totally different material — oxygen. Rutherford had "split the atom" — and by doing so, had unleashed the most powerful form of energy known to man.
The great scientist himself published over 150 papers. Rutherford took over from J. Thomson at the Cavendish in 1919 and remained at its head until his death at the age of 66 in 1937.
The first antibiotic was discovered in 1928 by Alexander Fleming Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming was born on August 6, 1881. His father died when Alexander was only 7 years old. At 14, Fleming moved to London and began to earn money for a living and at the same During the First World War, Fleming served as a captain in the Royal Medical Army.
time to attend classes at the institute. From the beginning, Fleming did not single out a specific area of medical practice for himself. His work on the surgery showed that he could be a great surgeon.
But when Alexander was a student, he was influenced by professor Almrot Wright, who was involved in immunology. Cooperation with professor Wright was important for the future life of Alexander.
The invention of penicillin is the main of Fleming’s life, but it was an accident and at the first time wasn’t evaluated right.
Fleming forgotten about cup with bacteria. After a while he found unusual mold subsequently named penicillin.
This invention was a great revolution for science and medicine. Many incurable diseases have become commonplace as the common cold Unfortunately, antibiotics have drawbacks and contraindications. Bacteria can develop resistance to antibiotics. Besides , antibiotics can’t cure viral infections. However, if used correctly, penicillin is almost indispensable in many cases. It is one of the great inventions of the first half of the 20th century Fleming with Cheney and Flory was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology in 1945.
Fleming's health became worse after the death of his beloved woman. Alexander Fleming died on March 11, 1955 in London because of a heart attack at the age of 73.
Nikola Tesla was born on 10 July 1856 to Serb parents in the village of Smiljan, Austrian Empire (modern-day Croatia). His father, Milutin Tesla, was a priest of the Serbian Orthodox Church
In 1870, Tesla moved to Karlovac, Croatia, to attend school at Higher Real Gymnasium, where he was profoundly influenced by a math teacher, Martin Sekulić. Tesla was able to perform integral calculus in his head, which prompted his teachers to believe that he was cheating. He finished a four-year term in three years, graduating in 1873.
In 1874, Tesla evaded being drafted into the army in Smiljan, by running away to Tomingaj, near Gračac. There, he explored the mountains in hunter's garb. Tesla claimed that this contact with nature made him stronger, both physically and mentally In 1875, Tesla enrolled at Austrian Polytechnic in Graz, on a Military Border scholarship
In 1886, Tesla formed his own company, Tesla Electric Light & Manufacturing. The company installed electrical arc light based illumination systems designed by Tesla and also had designs for dynamo electric machine commutators, the first patents issued to Tesla in the US
Tesla investigated atmospheric electricity, observing lightning signals via his receivers. Reproductions of Tesla's receivers and coherer circuits show an unpredicted level of complexity: distributed high-Q helical resonators, radio frequency feedback, crude heterodyne effects, and regeneration techniques. Tesla stated that he observed stationary waves during this time.
At his lab, Tesla proved that the earth was a conductor. He produced artificial lightning (with discharges consisting of millions of volts and up to 135 feet long).[Thunder from the released energy was heard 15 miles away in Cripple Creek, Colorado. People walking along the street observed sparks jumping between their feet and the ground. Electricity sprang from taps when turned on. Light bulbs within 100 feet of the lab glowed even when turned off. Horses in a livery stable bolted from their stalls after receiving shocks through their metal shoes. Butterflies were electrified, swirling in circles with blue halos of St. Elmo's fire around their wings.
2 Развитие навыков устной речи
T: Now please using your notes tell us please about scientists you have just heard
IV. Подведение итогов урока, Домашнее задание
I think that today we had a very interesting and useful lesson. You worked very well and I liked your work. I’m sure that your good knowledge of English will help you in doing your homework for the next lesson - you are to create a project about any inventor you like/ you can do it as computer presentation or in handwriting way/ Our lesson is over. Thank you. Goodbye.
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