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Castles in the United Kingdom Реферат по английскому языку Выполнил ученик 10А класса Василев Илья Руководитель Беликова Наталия Петровна
A castle is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by nobility. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble. Introduction
Belvoir Castle Belvoir Castle is still used as the family home of the Manners family and remains the seat of the Duke of Rutland, most of whom are buried in the grounds of the mausoleum there.
Corfe castle Corfe Castle was built by William the Conqueror in 11th century. Lady Mary Blankes defended the castle twice during the English Civil War.
Dover Castle Dover Castle has been described as the “Key to England” The Secret Wartime Tunnels under the castle. The headquarter of General Ramsey in the Dover Tunnels. 1940
Framlingham Castle Thomas Howard, the 3rd Duke of Norfolk. During the 15th and 16th centuries Framlingham was at the heart of the estates of the powerful Howard family.
Leeds Castle Leeds Castle dates back to 1119. What form this first castle took is uncertain because it was rebuilt and transformed in the following centuries. The castle seen today dates mostly from the 19th century and is built on islands in a lake.
Windsor Castle The original castle was built by William the Conqueror in 1070. Nowadays Windsor Castle belongs to the Royal Family. 500 hundred people live and work in Windsor, making it the largest inhabited castle in the world.
Bodelwyddan Castle The National Portrait Gallery is situated in Bodelwyddan Castle. There have been many reports of ghost sightings at the castle, including that of a soldier in the gallery. Sir John Hay Williams wrote in 1829 that human bones were found near one of the chimneys. They were built back into the wall, which means they remain there to this day.
Cardiff Castle The castle has hosted a number of rock concerts and performances and has the capacity to accommodate over 10 000 people. In 1948 a crowd of 16 000 watched Wales defeat England in Cardiff Castle grounds.
Harlech Castle Harlech Castle, located in Wales, is a medieval fortification, constructed atop a spur of rock close to the Irish Sea. It was built by Edward I during his invasion of Wales between 1282 and 1289 . The castle played an important part in several wars. The fortification is built of local stone and concentric in design. Edward I
Balmoral Castle Balmoral has been one of the residences of the British Royal family since 1852. It remains the private property of the monarch. The castle is an example of Scots architecture. Queen Victoria Prince Albert
Hermitage Castle The castle has attracted legend and folklore throughout its history. The most famous piece of folklore concerns a character known as Bad Lord Soulis who owned the castle in the past. In local legend he was a practitioner in black magic and responsible for the disappearance of local children. To help him in his dealings he had an assistant familiar called Robin Redcap. Eventually the people rebelled against him and went to the king, who agreed he could be disposed of. They took him up, wrapped him in lead and boiled him in a brass cauldron.
Urquhart Castle sits beside Loch Ness in Scotland. Though extensively ruined, it was in its day one of the largest strongholds of medieval Scotland, and remains an impressive structure, splendidly situated on a headland overlooking Loch Ness. It is famous for the Loch Ness Monster. Urquhart Castle
Castle is sometimes used as a catch-all term for all kinds of fortifications, and as a result has been misapplied in the technical sense. An example of this is Maiden Castle which, despite the name, is an Iron Age hill fort, which had a very different origin and purpose. Although "castle" has not become, like chateau in French and Schloss in German, a generic term for an English country house, many of these use the word in their name while having few if any of the architectural characteristics, usually as their owners liked to maintain a link to the past and felt the castle was a masculine expression of their power. Conclusion
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Ресурс содержит презентацию к реферату на тему «Замковая архитектура Англии, Ирландии, Шотландии и Уэльса.» Презентация может быть использована как самостоятельная дидактическая единица, поскольку, кроме иллюстративного материала, содержит текст. В презентации собрана информация о наиболее известных сохранившихся замках, а также руинах некогда существовавших строений. В презентации прослеживается история замковой архитектуры и изменения, которые она претерпела с течением времени. В рассказе о каждом замке есть не только данные о времени его возникновения и существования, но и интересные факты из истории, благодаря которым мы отличаем один замок от другого.
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