План – конспект урока английского языка
“WELCOME TO BRITAIN”
Учитель: Устимова Татьяна Валерьевна
Место работы: МБОУ «Бавлинская средняя общеобразовательная школа №6»
Год издания: 2014 год
Тип урока: Бинарный (повторение-обобщение);
Урок-экскурсия по стране изучаемого языка.
Уровень ЗУН: средний
УМК: “Enjoy English” (5-6 класс), Биболетова М. З., Трубанева Н. Н.
- совершенствование речевых навыков и умений монологической речи, чтения, аудирования;
- формирование базы для развития письменной речи;
- развивать логическое мышление, умения сопоставлять, анализировать;
- расширять кругозор учащихся;
- повышать мотивацию к изучению иностранного языка;
- осуществлять эстетическое воспитание учащихся;
- воспитывать чувство уважения и толерантности к культуре и традициям страны изучаемого языка.
Углубить и систематизировать знания учащихся о стране изучаемого языка;
Практиковать ЗУН учащихся во всех видах учебной деятельности на базе знакомого и нового лексического материала.
*Приветствие учащихся и учителя.
*Опрос дежурного о количестве присутствующих и отсутствующих учащихся.
- Let’s start our lesson from the wise words –
“The wisdom of a nation lies in its deeds, creative activities, with a view to the future and certainly in the preservation and development of the finest traditions of the past”.
«Мудрость страны кроется в ее делах, творческой активности, в планах а будущее, и конечно в сохранении и развитии самых прекрасных традиций прошлого».
- What do you think about these words?
- Think it and try to explain it, please.
- Read and try to remember this expression.
- Today we’ll speak about Great Britain. Our aim is to revise all information about this country.
II. Основной этап урока. ( на данном этапе урока демонстрируется презентация по теме урока).
Презентация текста «Great Britain».
The British Isles lie in the north-west of Europe. They consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and many smaller ones. Great Britain, the largest island in Europe, includes England, Scotland, and Wales. It is separated from Ireland by the Irish Sea, and from the Continent by the English Channel and the Straits of Dover. Great Britain and Northern Ireland form the United Kingdom (UK).The surface of England and Ireland is flat, but the surface of Scotland and Wales is mountainous. The mountains are almost all in the western part. The highest mountain in the United Kingdom is Ben Nevis in Scotland (1343 m). The longest river is the Severn. It is in the south-west of England. The Thames is not so long as the Severn, it is shorter. The sea enters deeply into the land and has a great influence on the climate, which is damp but rather mild: the winter is not very cold and the summer is not very hot. Over 57 million people live in the United Kingdom. Most of the people of Great Britain live in big towns and cities. The capital of the country is London. The main industrial centers are Sheffield and Birmingham where iron goods are made, Manchester, the cotton center of England, and others. The important ports of the country are London, Liverpool, Glasgow and others.
Задание №1. Контроль понимания содержания текста.
- Pupils, name the main words from the text.
Презентация текста «People in Gr. Britain»
It is incorrect to call the inhabitants of the UK the English. Only people outside the British Isles do so. People of four main nationalities inhabit the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. They are: the English, the Scots, the Welsh and the Irish. These four nationalities make up the British nation or the Britons. The British is the nation, whose ancestors settled in the British Isles at different times. The density of population in Great Britain is one of the highest in the world and the average number is 220 people per square kilometer. Four out of every five people in Britain live in numerous towns and cities. This means that the majority of the population is urban. People of different races live in the UK. They usually represent inhabitants of the former British colonies. There are also many people of Asian, West Indian and African origin living in Britain. Until recently, British politics tended to be dominated by England, but both Wales and Scotland now have their own political assemblies, as well as they are represented in the British Parliament. In Ireland, the political situation is difficult because of nationalism and religious views of its people. As for the language, British law does not recognize any language as official. And the English language is not the only language that is spoken in the UK. But English is the only language used in England for general official business.The other national languages of the UK are Welsh, Irish Gaelic and Scottish Gaelic. It is so because Welsh, Scottish and Irish people feel their national identity very strongly and value their cultural heritage.
Задание №2. Класс делится на команды, каждая команда получает пазл, который нужно сложить, чтобы получилась картинка. (на картинке изображены члены королевской семьи или простые жители Великобритании на прогулке или в магазине).
Презентация текста «London is the capital of Great Britain».
London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic, and commercial center. It is one of the largest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe. Its population is about 8 million. London is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End, and the East End. The heart of London is the City, its financial and business center. Numerous banks, offices, and firms are situated there, including the Bank of England, the Stock Exchange, and the Old Bailey. Few people live here, but over a million people come to the City to work. There are some famous ancient buildings within the City. Perhaps the most striking of them is the St. Paul's Cathedral, the greatest of English churches. It was built in the 17th century by Sir Christopher Wren. The Tower of London was founded by Julius Caesar and in 1066 rebuilt by William the Conqueror. It was used as a fortress, a royal palace, and a prison. Now it is a museum. Westminster is the governmental part of London. Nearly all English kings and queens have been crowned in Westminster Abbey. Many outstanding statesmen, scientists, writers, poets, and painters are buried here: Newton, Darwin, Chaucer, Dickens, Tennyson, Kipling, etc. Across the road from Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, the seat of the British Parliament. The Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big bell, known as "Big Ben". Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen. The West End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. It is the symbol of wealth and luxury. The best hotels, shops, restaurants, clubs, and theatres are situated there. The Trafalgar Square is the geographical center of London. It was named in memory of Admiral Nelson's victory in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The tall Nelson's Column stands in the middle of the square. On the north side of the Trafalgar Square is the National Portrait Gallery. Not far away is the British Museum — the biggest museum in London. It contains a priceless collection of ancient manuscripts, coins, sculptures, etc, and is also famous for its library. There are a lot of factories, workshops, and docks in the East End.
Задание №3. На доске пишется несколько слов по тексту с ошибками, задача учащихся исправить их, используя текст. (Слова выбираются самим учителем, которые он считает самыми важными для повторения и запоминания).
Презентация текста «Holidays in Britain».
In Great Britain there are public holidays that are called “bank holidays”. The term “bank holiday” dates back to the 19th century. At that time all the banks were closed on these days. Now this term is no longer referred only to banks. Many other firms and offices are closed too. Among these are eight holidays: New Year’s Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May Day Holiday, Spring Bank Holiday, Late Summer (August) Bank Holiday, Christmas Day and Boxing Day.
New Year’s Eve (December 31st) is more special for Scottish people, who celebrate it with their families. They sit the Old Year out and the New Year in. At midnight Scottish people hold their hands in a large circle and sing the song “Auld lang syne” by Robert Burns. That is how they celebrate the coming of a new year.
But it does not mean that New Year’s Eve is not so popular throughout the country. People decorate their houses with bouquets of mistletoe.
The most popular bank holiday is Christmas Day. It is celebrated on December 25th. Christmas symbolizes the birth of Jesus Christ. On this day many people go to Churches, get Christmas presents and make a traditional Christmas dinner (roast turkey and pudding). On this day children wait for a special person who will come down the chimney during the night and will bring them presents. It is Father Christmas. However, Santa Claus is used synonymously with Father Christmas. Children usually hang long socks or stocks on their beds and hope that Father Christmas will put his presents into them. Christmas trees are set in the living-rooms and are decorated with toys by children.
St. Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th. On this day people send Valentine cards and get presents and “valentines” from their sweethearts. A Valentine is a colourful card with tender love words composed by the sender. It is a kind of a love-token. Valentine cards are usually not signed. Those who get them must guess who the sender is.
Halloween is a holiday that is on October 31st. The most memorable symbol connected to this holiday is a lantern made of a pumpkin. A pumpkin is cut like a face and a candle is put inside of it. So it looks like a face with burning eyes. Usually people dress in colourful costumes of witches and ghosts and go to fancy dress parties. Children go from one house to another and say: “Trick or treat”. If people do not refuse to give them something they sing. If they do refuse children play tricks. Halloween is on the eve of All Saints’ Day. The word “Halloween” means “holy evening”. The tradition of Halloween goes back with its roots to a time when people believed in evil spirits.
Задание №4. Учащиеся получают набор атрибутов каждого праздника, их задача состоит в следующем. Учащиеся должны к каждому празднику подобрать соответствующие предметы.
Презентация текста «National cuisine».
Since the 1970's eating habits in Britain have undergone a change. People have been encouraged by doctors, health experts and government advertisements to eat less fat and more fiber. Fat is believed to be one of the major causes of obesity and heart disease. Forty per cent of adults in Britain are overweight and Britain has one of the highest death rates due to cardiovascular disease in the world. Britons have also become more aware of calories, the energy value of food. Some people count the number of calories they eat every day, so that they can try to take in fewer calories and lose weight. Food manufactures have started to help the general public to make more informed choices about what they eat. So the traditional British breakfast is bacon, eggs or sausages, preceded by fruit and followed by toasts. Britons may eat this breakfast at weekends or on special occasions but prefer a smaller and healthier meal to start a day. Lunch is a light meal and is eaten at school or work. Lunch takes 40 minutes. Dinner is usually the main meal of the day and consists of two courses. In recent years, foreign foods have become a regular part of the British diet. Indian and Chinese dishes are particularly popular for evening meals. Take-aways became extremely popular in the 1980's. The traditional British take-away is fish and chips eaten with salt and vinegar and served in an old newspaper. The British are famous r their love of sweet things and afternoon tea with sandwiches; scones, jam and several kinds of cake, was once a traditional custom. Most working people don't have tea as an afternoon "meal", but they do have a short break in the middle of the afternoon for a cup of tea. Tea is often also drink with lunch and dinner.
Задание №5. Учитель читает начало предложения из текста, учащиеся хором произносят его окончание.
- I’m sorry we must stop here. Let’s summarize the information about our country. I’ll give you cards. You must finish the sentences, using the proper words from the text about Gr. Britain.
- Put down your homework, please. Write a short composition “I want to be a famous Englishmen”. You can use our textbook, Internet and other sources.
- Is everything clear for you?
- Yes, it is.
Комментирование оценок и работы учащихся на уроке.
- I’m very pleased with your work today. You have done all the tasks in a proper way.
Краткое описание документа:
План-конспект урока английского языка с презентацией на тему «"Добро пожаловать в Великобританию».
Урок-повторение и обобщение раннее изученного материала по данной теме.
Данный урок позволит учителю провести контроль знаний учащихся с лексической стороны обучения.
наглядный материал способствует более эффективному и глубокому закреплению лексического материала.
В конспекте представлен основной страноведческий материал, который позволит учащимся не только закрепить, но и применить изученный материал на практике, во время общения учащихся в период работы на уроке.