Название документа The great invintions of humanity.docx
The GREAT inventions of HUMANITY
The invention that swept the world and changed leisure habits for countless millions was pioneered by Scottish-born electrical engineer John Logie Baird. It had been realized for some time that light could be converted into electrical impulses, making it possible to transmit such impulses over a distance and then reconvert them into light.
Motor Car (Late 19th Century)
With television, the car is probably the most widely used and most useful of all leisure-inspired inventions. German engineer Karl Benz produced the first petrol driven car in 1885 and the British motor industry started in 1896. Henry Ford was the first to use assembly line production for his Model Т car in 1908. Like them or hate them, cars have given people great freedom of travel.
The name came from the Greek word for amber and was coined by Elizabeth the Ist physician William Gilbert who was among those who noticed that amber had the power to attract light objects after being rubbed. In the 19th century such great names as Michael Faraday, Humphry Davy, Alessandro Volta and Andre Marie Ampere all did vital work on electricity.
Photography (Early 19th Century)
Leonardo da Vinci had described the camera obscura photographic principle as early as 1515. But it was not until 1835 that Frenchman Louis Daguerre produced camera photography. The system was gradually refined over the years, to the joy of happy snappers and the despair of those who had to wade through friends' endless holiday pictures.
Edinburgh-born scientist Alexander Graham Bell patented his invention of the telephone in 1876. The following year, the great American inventor Thomas Edison produced the first working telephone. With telephones soon becoming rapidly available, the days of letter writing became numbered.
Computer (20th Century)
The computer has been another life-transforming invention. British mathematician Charles Babbage designed a form of computer in the mid-1830s, but it was not until more than a century later that theory was put into practice. Now, a whole generation has grown up with calculators, windows, icons, computer games and word processors, and the Internet and e-mail have transformed communication and information.
True or false
1. Television system ravaged the world.
2. American engineer John Baird invented the television system.
3. The worm and atoms could be converted into electrical impulses.
4. The first car was invented by Henry Ford.
5. Karl Benz was the German engineer.
6. The German engineer Karl Benz made the first driven car.
7. Cars changed people’s life and gave freedom of travel.
8. The Greek inventor created electricity. It was William Gilbert.
10. Leonardo da Vinci invented the camera and photographic principle as early as 1515.
1. Александр Грейам запатентовал первый в мире телефон. Это изменило принципы передачи информации.
2. Много поколений людей выросли используя компьютеры, телефоны, калькуляторы, фотоаппараты, автомобили и другие изобретения. Все это трансформировало общество и человека.
Название документа inventions - 1.pptx
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«The Great inventions of Humanity» Reading
Television Invention swept the world leisure habits was pioneered electrical engineer light be converted electrical impulses to transmit Distance reconvert
Motor car leisure-inspired inventions first petrol driven car motor industry Like them or hate them great freedom
Electricity Greek word amber coined by noticed the power rubbed to attract 19th century vital work
Photography the camera photographic principle produced camera photography The system the joy of happy the despair to wade
Telephone patented following inventor the first rapidly available letter writing became numbered
Computer life-transforming invention mathematician designed a form of computer put into practice theory generation word processors communication
True or false 1.Television system ravaged the world. 2. American engineer John Baird invented the television system. 3. The worm and atoms could be converted into electrical impulses. 4. The first car was invented by Henry Ford. 5. Karl Benz was the German engineer. 6. The German engineer Karl Benz made the first driven car. 7. Cars changed people’s life and gave freedom of travel. 8. The Greek inventor created electricity. It was William Gilbert. 9. The internet transformed communication. 10. Leonardo da Vinci invented the camera and photographic principle as early as 1515.
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Комплексно методическое обеспечение урока Английского Языка «The Great inventions of Humanity» (Великие изобретения Человечества) состоит из авторских разработок (тексты для чтения с иллюстрациями), а так же презентация Power Point (презентация содержит лексический материал для работы с текстами). Задания разработаны с учетом лингвистической методики проблемного обучения.
Новый материал усваивается в несколько этапов: чтение еденичной лексики, чтение текстов, перевод, работа с дополнительными заданиями (true or false, translation et.c.)
Лексический материал обслуживает не сложная грамматика Английского языка: Past Simple / Past Progressive и элементы другой грамматики. Материал будет интересен для обучающихся уровня upper-elementary, pre-intermediate.
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