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ИнфоурокИностранные языкиТестыЗанимательные задания по английскому языку для школьников «Словообразование (Word building)»

Занимательные задания по английскому языку для школьников «Словообразование (Word building)»

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Словообразование (Word building).

Упражнение 1.

Golf is a very (1) (relax) and (2) (enjoy) sport because you can spend tine in natural surroundings, but it is also one that requires great skill. Learning how to play golf takes a long tine, so you need a lot of (3) (patient). It’s also a rather (4) (expensive) sport because the equipment costs a lot of money, and prices at golf courses can be very high. On the other hand, roller-blading is an (5) (excite) sport and it is easy to learn. It’s fast and fun and keeps you fit because you have to use all your muscles. It’s also cheap because you only need a helmet and a pair of roller-blades. However, roller-blading can be a (6) (danger) sport as you might lose your balance and hurt yourself.

Упражнение 2. Read the following text and fill in the correct word derived from the words in bold.

One of the world’s endangered species, the rhinoceros, is still being hunted for its horn. The world Wildlife Federation supports (1) _____ (organise) which try to stop the (2) _____ (hunt) by providing vehicles and (3) _____ (equip) for several national parks in Africa. Protected areas have a high fence around them, so rhinos can roam in (4) _____ (safe). The WWF also helps in the (5) _____ (transport) of rhinos from (6) _____ (danger) areas in to the protected ones.

It is very important to lessen the demand for rhino horns. Raising (7) _____ (aware) of the problem is one way to help the situation. Rhino (8) _____ (conserve) is one of the WWF’s main tasks. (9) _____ (hope) the WWF will be able to put a stop to the (10) _____ (acceptable) act of rhino hunting.

Упражнение 3. Сomplete the following table.


Verb + preposition





2. tolerance


depend (on)

4. difference



(to / with / on)




Упражнение 4. Complete the following text with the correct derivative of the following words.

Bruce is definitely a sociable man. He has a lot of friends because he is always (1) (cheer), (2) (rely) and ready to help anyone in need. When it comes to (3) (danger) situations, Bruce always acts quite (4) (brave). For example, a few weeds ago he saved a little boy’s (5) (live) by pulling him out of the path of a speeding truck. When it comes to giving advice, he is always very (6) (help) and (7) (support). However, he can be rather (8) (aggresion), especially when he is driving – sometimes he drives so (9) (careless) that his friends are too (10) (fright) to get in the car with him.

Упражнение 5. Complete the table.









Упражнение 6. Form a word that fits in the blank space from the word in capitals. Fill in each gap with the new word.

Some adults admit that teenagers have a great deal of (1)_______ today.

Schools, the media and young people themselves place a lot of (2)_______ on being independent.



The most popular topics for discussion chosen by teenagers are: part-time job, parents reaction to boyfriends or girlfriends, and (3)_______.

Most British parents say that they would like to (4)_______ their children until they reach 16.

A lot of adults (5)_______ about teenage (6)_______ and cruelty.

Schools and the media should give more information about the danger of alcohol (7)_______.






Степени сравнения прилагательных

Упражнение 1. Напишите степени сравнения следующих прилагательных:

Tall, gay, kind, large, pretty, grey, loud, difficult, merry, strange, bad, rich, soft, red, good, clean, expensive, cheap, tall.

Упражнение 2. Переведите на русский язык:

1. You get up earlier than me. 2. Ben plays football best of all. 3. It is the dirtiest room in the house. 4. You are a better driver than I am. 5. London is older than Moscow. 6. The weather is wetter today. 7. Bob is the best football player. 8. This box is bigger than that. 9. This book is more expensive than that. 10. July is usually the hottest month of the year.

Упражнение 3. Сравните следующее, употребляя прилагательные в скобках:

Образец: January, February (long). January is longer than February.

1. January, February (short). 2. December, November (cold). 3. Volgograd, Kamishin (big). 4. Volgograd, Moscow (old). 5. The Volga river, the Don river (long). 6. This cat, that dog (small). 7. Summer, spring (hot). 8. This school, that school (high). 9. This book, that book (interesting). 10. July, August (long).

Упражнение 4. Распределите следующие формы прилагательных по колонкам.

a) hotter, the longest, the shortest, clever, silly, greater, more, difficult, better, thin, the biggest, the nicest, less.

b) thick, new, the most importable, more, the fattest, the merriest, taller, weak, interesting, busier, few.




Упражнение 5. Вставьте прилагательные. Используйте сравнительную или превосходную степень.

1. It is (happy) day of my life.

2. The twenty-second of December is (short) day in a year.

3. The Neva is (deep) than the Moscva river.

4. It is (cold) day of the year.

5. The room is (small) of all the rooms in the house.

6. My rhymes are (bad) than yours.

7. Our school is (old) in our town.

8. This dictation is (easy) than that one.

9. Moscow is (large) city in Russia.

10. She is (tall) than her sister.

Упражнение 6. Выберите правильную форму прилагательных.

1. This book is (the most interesting, interestingest) of all I have read this year.

2. My sister speaks English (badder, worse) than I do.

3. Which is (the hottest, hotter) month of the year?

4. Which is (the beautifulest, the most beautiful) place in this part of the country.

5. A train is (faster, the fastest) than a bus.

6. Take some of these sweets: they are very (nicer, nice). They are (nicer, nice) than the sweets in that box.

7. (Tall, the tallest) trees in the world grow in California.

8. This girl is (the goodest, the best) student in our group.

9. Spanish is (the easiest, easier) than German.

10. The Thames is (short, shorter) than the Volga.

Упражнение 7. Почему их животные самые лучшие?

My cat is (big). My cat is the biggest.

My dog is (clever).

My rabbit is (fat).

My parrot is (happy).

My mouse is (pretty).

My fish is (small).

My bird is (beautiful).

Упражнение 8. Use the adjectives in brackets to complete the sentences.

1) Jackets are more expensive than T-shirts. (expensive)

2) My Mum is … my Dad. (tall)

3) Dogs are … cats. (intelligent)

4. Franco is … Marco. (short)

5) My brother is … at sports … I am. (good)

6) My homework is … yours. (bad)

Упражнение 9. Use the comparative of the words in brackets and the words (a bit / a little / much / a lot / fat). Besides, you should use than where necessary.

1) It’s _______ today _______ it was yesterday (a little / warm).

2) A. Did you enjoy your visit to the museum?

B. Yes, I found it _______ I expected (far / interesting).

3) I prefer this armchair. It’s _______ the other one (much / comfortable).

4) You looked depressed this morning but you look _______ now (a bit / happy).

5) This flat is too small for me. I need something _______ (much / big).

6) It’s _______ to learn a foreign language in the country where it is spoken (a lot / easy).

Упражненеи 10. Fill in “like” or “as”.

1) This house is beautiful. It’s _____ a palace.

2) Ann failed her driving test _____ we expected.

3) Do you think Ann looks _____ her mother?

4) He really gets on my nerves. I can’t stand people _____ him.

5) Why didn’t you do it _____ I told you to do it?

6) “Where does Bill work? He works in a band, _____ most of his friends.

7) He never listens. Talking to him is _____ talking to a wall.

8) Tom’s idea seemed a good one, so we did _____ he suggested.

Упражнение 11. Write sentences with as ___as.

1) Athens is older than Rome. Rome _______.

2) My room is bigger than yours. Your room isn’t _______.

3) You got up earlier than me. I didn’t _______.

4) We played better than them. They didn’t _______.

5) I’ve been here longer than you. You haven’t _______.

Text 1

My family

Correct the spelling.


Our family is small. We are three in the family: my mather, my father and me. My Dad’s name is Igor Nikolaevitch. He is forty-too years old. My father a teacher. He is very lkever. His favorite sport is shess.

My Mums name is Irina Vladimirovna. Her is rhirty-eigt years old. She is secretary. His hobby is cooking.

I hasm’t got any brathers or sisters but I got a pet. It is a kat colled Fatty. Fatty is my good frend. I love my perents, my pet and we are a happy family.

I’ve a granmother, an unlke, aunt and too kousins. The lousin’s names are Dima and Oleg. They are in the fifth form and the boys is good at math. Their favorite sport is footboll. And we like to play footbool together.


a) Answer the questions about the boy’s family:

1) Is the boy’s family large or small?

2) What is his Dad’s name?

3) What is his father?

4) How old is the boy’s mother?

5) Has she got a hobby?

6) Has the boy got a pet?

7) Who is the boy’s good friend?

8) Are they a happy family?

9) Has the boy got a grandfather?

10) What form are his cousins in?

11) What are the boys good at?

b) Now write the questions about his family:

1) Three.

2) Forty-two.

3) Chess.

4) Irina Vladimirovna.

5) A secretary.

6) Cooking.

7) No, he hasn’t.

8) It is called Fatty.

9) Two cousins.

10) Dima and Oleg.

11) Football.

с) Rewrite the boy’s story about his family.

His family

The boy’s family is small. They are three in the family: his mother, his father and he. His ____________________________________________






Intensive reading

Read the text below and decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.

When the Beatles (1) _____ famous in the early 1963s, young people (2) _____ to let their hair grow and were known as hippies. Later, with songs like “All you need is love”, and “Give piece a chance”, the Beatles and hippies in general (3) _____ for peace and understanding. In America people (4) _____ this movement “Flower power”. However, in Britain skinheads (5) _____ braces, T-shirts and big Doc Marten’s boots, which some ugly people (8) _____ looked ugly, but the skinheads (9) _____ what older people thought. In fact they (10) _____ making the older generation angry.


A become

B became

C were

D was


A started

B startted

C start

D starts


A standed

B standing

C stood

D stooded


A calls

B call

C caled

D called


A appearred

B appear

C appeared

D appeard


A haved

B has

C have

D had


A wore

B worn

C weared

D weard


A think

B thinked

C though

D thought


A not car

B don’t care

C didn’t care

D caredn’t


A like

B liked

C liking

D likes

Text 2

The History of Pizza

The first pizza was like bread with some olive oil (оливковое масло) and honey (мед) on top. A long time ago, there were not any tomatoes in Italy. When tomatoes came to Italy, rich (богатые) people didn’t eat them. Poor (бедные) people liked tomatoes and they put them on their pizza. Queen Margherita’s favourite pizza was tomato, cheese and basil. You can still eat this pizza today in any pizza restaurant. We call it pizza “Margherita”.

a) Read it again and put a tick () or a cross ().

1) The first pizza had cheese and green peppers on top.

2) There weren’t any tomatoes in Italy a long time ago.

3) Poor people didn’t like tomatoes.

4) Queen Margherita’s favourite pizza was tomato, cheese and bazil.

b) Answer the questions:

1) Do you like pizza?

2) What do you like on your pizza?

3) Do you like cooking?

4) What do you like cooking?


In my city

I am a girl. My name is Kate. I am 10. I am from Russia. I am from Volgograd.

Volgograd is not a little town, it is a big city. You can see many taxis, cars, buses, trolley-buses and trams there. We have many theatres and museums. It is a pity Volgograd has no Zoo. But I like to go to the circus. Many tourist visit our city. They want to see Mamayev Mount – the Memorial to the heroes of Stalingrad Battle. Eternal Flame – the main post of Volgograd children. State museum of Defence. Lenin Avenue – is one of the hero-city’s most beautiful streets.

Now I am at the circus and I am happy. I like to look at the dogs, cats and rare animals.

Welcome to our city.

Now write the answers here.

1. Who is this?

2. What is her name?

3. Where is Kate from?

4. What kind of city is Volgograd?

5. What sights (достопримечательности)

has got Volgograd?

6. What can you see in Volgograd?

7. What is Volgograd famous for?

8. What is the main post of Volgograd young


9. What street is the most beautiful?

10. Where is Kate now?

11. Why is she happy?

1. This is a girl.

2. ________________

3. ________________

4. ________________

5. ________________

6. ________________

7. ________________

8. ________________

9. ________________

10. _______________

11. _______________


Прочитайте текст с описанием пяти домов. Определите, кому они принадлежат. Заполните таблицу, она поможет вам выполнить задание.

There are five houses in High Street. Five families live in those houses. The houses look alike but there are some differences in them.

The Bakers’ house has got three windows upstairs. It’s number I.

The Fords’ house has got two chimneys.

The Deans’ house has got two windows downstairs.

The Cooks’ house has got three windows upstairs.

The Woods’ house has got three chimneys.

The Deans’ house has got the front door between two windows.

The Bakers’ house has got one window downstairs.

The Cooks’ house has got two windows downstairs.

The Woods’ house has got two windows upstairs.

The Fords’ house has got the front door on the left.







The Bakers’

The Fords’

The Cooks’

The Deans’

The Woods’

















front door between two windows.

front door

on the left


Прочитайте рассказ о Томе и его друзьях и заполните таблицу.

My name is Tom. I am a student at the university. I live in a house with my two friends who are also college students. One friend is named Phil and the other is named Sam. We are all different people. I am tall and thin with blonde hair and blue eyes. I am very sociable and talkative. I really enjoy going out to music clubs and parties.

Phil is short and heavy. He is very quiet and serious. He is also very intelligent. He is easy to get along with and at the same time he is a responsible man. He is fond of reading books. He likes to stay home, play computer or sit in a comfortable armchair by the fireplace and watch videos.

Sam is interesting. He is tall with long curly hair. He likes to do dangerous and exciting things. He is fond of sport. Sam is very supportive boy. I know he never betrays me. I can rely on him. Last weekend he went hang gliding. That makes me nervous. We are very different but we get along well.






tall, thin, with blue eyes and blonde hair



going out to music clubs and parties





New Zealand is a sovereign, independent state and a member of the Commonwealth. Its form of government reflects its historical association with Great Britain.

New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy. The British monarch is the head of state, represented by the governor-general. As in Great Britain, the legislature is called the Parliament. In New Zealand, however, Parliament consists of only a single chamber, the House of Representatives. Its members are elected every three years.

There is universal suffrage for all citizens over the age of 18. In 1893 New Zealand became the first country to give women the right to vote. Elections are conducted on the party bases: the party gaining a majority of Parliamentary seats forms the government. There are 2 major parties: National and Labour. The Prime-minister, who, with appointed ministers, heads the formal Executive Council and the informal but influential Cabinet. The Parliament seats in Wellington in the building which is called The Beehive because of its form.

Executive power is vested in a governor-general, representing the crown, and a Cabinet and Prime-minister.

Executive action nominally is taken on behalf of the governor-general, who is appointed by the British Monarch. The governor-general usually works in concert with the Executive Council, which is composed of the governor-general, the Prime-minister, the ministers heading the various governmental departments.

New Zealand was among the first countries to adopt the secret ballot. The Prime-minister is the leader of the Party in power. Members of Parliament who belong to the party not in power are known as the opposition.

The Constitutional act was adopted in 1986. It defines the relationship between the legislative, executive and judicial roles of government.

Read these statements and decide which of them are True and which are False and tick ( ) one of the boxes to show whether the answer is true or false.



1) New Zealand is a colony of Great Britain

2) The British monarch is the head of state in New Zealand

3) The Monarch’s representative is the governor-general

4) The Parliament represents the legislative branch

5) The Parliament has 2 houses

6) The Prime-minister appoints ministers

7) The Prime-minister is appointed by the Parliament

8) The Executive Council and the Cabinet represent the Executive branch

9) The governor-general is part of the legislative branch

10) The Constitutional act was adopted in 1986


A running commentary

Hello! I’m Harry Fennel with Sports Update. We are now taking you to the Alexandra Park Sports Centre for the match between Orient and Arsenal that most football fans are looking forward to. The commentary will be given by Martin Shaw. Martin?

M.S.: Hello, Harry! We’re just waiting for the teams to come out. And here they are. You can see Larry O’Nell, the Orient captain, leading the team. They are followed by Arsenal, with Bobby King, their captain, at their head. Both teams are in equally good form, and keep on improving.

Now you can watch the players warming up. The stadium is full. Each fаn naturally expects his team to win.

You can hear the referee blow his whistle. The kick-off at last! Harry Grant takes the ball forward. I can see Dick Hunt trying to intercept him, but with no success.

Now Arsenal’s centre-forward has the ball. You can see him trying to take the ball dоwn the field. Oh, he doesn’t notice an Orient back running up to him from behind!

He may lose the ball! He passes it to Bobby Hurst. I wonder why? What does he want Bobby to do? He’s too far off to have a chance of scoring. But Bobby acts without hesitation! Oh, what a magnificent kick! What a beautiful goal! Frankly, I didn’t expect Bobby to score at such a distance! Good for him! Well done, Bobby! Arsenal have opened the score. You can hear the crowd shouting.

Attention! Внимание! (Для любителей футбола)

a kick – удар мячом

a free kick – свободный удар

a penalty kick – штрафной удар

a kick-off – введение мяча в игру (с центра поля)

to score – открыть счет, забить гол

He kicked the ball – Он послал мяч

over the sideline – за боковую линию

above (over) the goal – выше ворот

into his goal – в свои ворота

Подберите в тексте английские эквиваленты.

1) Матч, которого все болельщики ждут с нетерпением.

2) Мы как раз ждем, когда появятся команды.

3) А вот и они!

4) Вы видите, как Ларри О’Нил, капитан «Ориента», выводит свою команду.

5) За ними следует «Арсенал».

6) Обе команды в одинаково хорошей форме и продолжают улучшать игру.

7) Каждый болельщик, естественно, ожидает, что победит его команда.

8) Я вижу, как Дик Хант пытается перехватить его, но безуспешно.

9) Он не замечает, что сзади к нему подбегает защитник «Ориента».

10) Он может потерять мяч!

11) Интересно, почему?

12) Он слишком далеко, чтобы иметь шанс открыть счет.

13) действует без колебаний

14) Откровенно говоря, я не ожидал, что он забьет гол с такого расстояния.

15) Молодец! Здорово!

16) открыл счет


Weekly Diary

My week at the beginning of May is very busy. I am going to visit a dentist on the fourth of May. I shall go there at three p.m. I always visit dentist before summer holidays though I am much afraid of dentists.

On the sixth of May I am going to John’s birthday party. John is my cousin. We are great friends.

The party starts at twelve thirty. I think we’ll have much fun. I have already bought him a present. It’s a car model. John has got a large collection of car models. It is his hobby.

On Friday I am going to the theatre with Mary to see a new play by a famous playwright. Mary has bought three tickets. Her sister Sue is coming with us. The performance starts at half past six in the evening. I hope we shall enjoy the play. I like going to the theatres and visit them at least once a month.

On Saturdays I usually visit my sister’s family. They live at 44 Green Street. But on the eighth of May I shall stay at home because my sister is coming to see me.




Monday 3rd May

2 p.m.

Tennis with Jane

Tuesday 4th May

Wednesday 5th

6.30 p.m.

Thursday …

Friday …

Saturday …



RSPCA stands for the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. It began in 1822 with the Animal Protection Act, which made cruelty to cows, horses and sheep illegal. It is the oldest animal welfare organization in the world. In 1840, Quinn Victoria gave her permission for the organization to be called the RSPCA.

The RSPCA has got 328 inspectors. They investigate cases of cruelty to animals, collect money, pay visits to schools and others places and rescue thousands of animals every year.

There are also RSPCA hospitals and clinics. They treat over 270,000 animals every year, including wild animals. The RSPCA helps to find homes for over 80,000 animals a year! The RSPCA encourages pet owners to take proper care of their animals. It also works to protect farm and wild animals as well as animals that are used for research.

You can phone the RSPCA at any time, day or night, about an animal that is injured or treated cruelly. The RSPCA is a charity and is always working to raise money to help animals in need. Animal lovers сan help by becoming volunteers, or simply by making sure all the animals around them are safe, happy and healthy.

New words:

cruelty – жестокость

prevention – предотвращение

illegal – нелегальный, незаконный

permission – разрешение

investigate – исследовать, расследовать

treat – зд. обращаться (с кем-л.)

encourage – ободрять, поощрять

research – исследование

to be injured – быть раненым, ушибиться, пораниться

volunteer – доброволец

Read and write true (T) or false (F).

1) RSPCA stands for the Right Sort of Prevention and Care for Animals.

2) Quinn Elizabeth I gave her permission for the organization to be called the RSPCA.

3) There are RSPCA hospitals and clinics.

4) You can phone the RSPCA from 9–5 every day.

5) The RSPCA is a charity.


People from all over the world come to Moscow to see its places of interest. The Moscow Kremlin bells attracts a lot of people (all over the world). Read the information below and find out more facts about Kremlin Bells.

Kremlin Bells

The ringing of bells accompanied the whole life of Moscow in ancient times. Bells rang invasions and during the frequent fires, in cases of popular uprisings, and to announce victories or holiday celebrations.

Even today bells ring on the Kremlin’s Spassky Tower.

At present there are 29 ancient bells in the Moscow Kremlin. Some of them hang in the Ivan the Great bell tower and in the buildings around it.

The biggest bell weighting 65 tons and 320 kg can be seen in the embrasure of the “Filaret building” which rises next to the Belfry under a golden dome. The bell is called the Assumption Day Bell. It was cast by Yakov Zavyalov of metal taken from an even older bell which used to hang in the building and was broken when the bell tower blew up in 1812.

The most famous of all bells, the Tzar Bell, stands on the ground at the foot of the Ivan the Great bell tower, and is surrounded by people from morning till night. It’s history in brief is as follows. In 1730 Empress Anna Ivanovna ordered that a bell weighting 9000 poods (126 tons) should be cast. German, the casting master of the French king thought it was a joke. Ivan Motorin, the most famous casting master in Moscow in those days, declared that it was possible.

A special casting pit was dug in Ivanovskaya Square in the Kremlin. The pit was 10 meters deep. Huge amounts of copper, tin and sulphur, as well as 72 kg of gold and more than 500 kg of silver were used.

Ivan Motorin failed to finish the casting and it was completed by his son Mikhail. Apart from all kinds of ornaments found on the bell, there is the following inscription: “This bell was cast by Russian craftsman Ivan Motorin, the son of Fyodor Motorin, and his son Mikhail Motorin”.

The casting was successful and finally the bell stood ready to be lifted on an iron grating. During a very bad fire that raged in the Kremlin on May 29, 1737, the wooden building above the pit caught fire. People rushed to extinguish the flames and poured water onto the burning log that had fallen into the pit. Due to uneven and fast cooling the metal cracked out and a fragment weighing 11,5 tons broke off.

The bell remained in the pit for a hundred years. In the 19th century it was hoisted onto a white stone pedestal for public observation.

Here are a few statistics about the dimensions and weight of the giant. It is 6,14 metres high, has a diameter of 6,6 metres, and weighs 202 tons and 924 kg. Hence its name – the Tzar Bell.

New words:

uprising [ʌp'raiziŋ] – восстание,

in brief – вкратце,

belfry [belfri] – колокольня,

cast – лить, отливать,

Assumption [ǝ'sʌmpʃǝn] Day – день Успения,

dome – купол, свод,

blow up – взрывать.

1. Match Russian and English phrases (see the table).

1. Bells rang for invasions and during the frequent fires.

2. Some of them hang in the Ivan the Great bell tower.

3. Its history, in brief, is as follows.

4. A special casting pit.

5. The bell stood ready to be lifted on an iron grating.

6. Due to uneven and fast cooling.

7. The bell remained in the pit for a hundred years.

а) Из-за неравномерного и быстрого охлаждения.

б) Специальная яма для отливки.

в) Колокола звонили в случае нападения и во время частых пожаров.

г) Колокол оставался в яме в течение сотни лет.

д) Его история вкратце следующая.

е) Колокол стоял готовым для подъема на железную решетку.

ж) Некоторые из них висят на колокольне Ивана Великого.

2. Say the following phrases in Russian.

1) The ringing of the bells accompanied the whole life of Moscow in ancient times.

2) Even today bells ring on the Kremlin’s Spassky Tower.

3) The biggest bell weighing 65 tons and 320 kg can be seen in the embrasure of the “Filaret building”.

4) Which used to hang in the building.

5) is surrounded by people.

6) Ivan Motorin failed to finish the casting.

3. Fill in the blanks with adjectives.

times, … fires, … uprising, the … bell, a … dome, … a pit, the … inscription, the … building, … cooling.

4. Find the derivatives in the text.

Example: built – building.

ring, celebrate, weight, gold, cast, success, wood, cool.

5. What is the English for:

победа, колокольня, подножие, отливать, вкратце, яма, олово, не сумел закончить, кроме, железная решетка, подъем, тушить, отсюда.

6. Fill in the missing words:

1) Bells rang for … and during the … fires, in case of popular …

2) Some of them hang in the Ivan the Great …

3) In 1730 … Anna Ivanovna ordered that … weighing 9000 … should be …

4) Huge amounts of … and more than 500 kg of … were used.

5) People rushed … the flames and … water onto the burning … that had … into the pit.

7. Choose the correct word.

1) Bells (ring, rang, had rung) for invasions and during the frequent fires.

2) Even today bells (ring, rang, had rung) on the Kremlin’s Spassky Tower.

3) The biggest bell can (be seen, saw, see) in the embrassure of the “Filaret building”.

4) The Tzar Bell stands at the foot of the Ivan the Great bell tower and (is surrounding, is surrounded) by people.

5) A special casting pit (was dig, was dug, dug) in Ivanovskaya Square in the Kremlin.

6) The bell (remained, was remained, had been remained) in the pit for a hundred years.


Intensive reading

Read the text below and decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.

When the Beatles (1) _____ famous in the early 1963s, young people (2) _____ to let their hair grow and were known as hippies. Later, with songs like “All you need is love”, and “Give piece a chance”, the Beatles and hippies in general (3) _____ for peace and understanding. In America people (4) _____ this movement “Flower power”. However, in Britain skinheads (5) _____ braces, T-shirts and big Doc Marten’s boots, which some ugly people (8) _____ looked ugly, but the skinheads (9) _____ what older people thought. In fact they (10) _____ making the older generation angry.


A become

B became

C were

D was


A started

B startted

C start

D starts


A standed

B standing

C stood

D stooded


A calls

B call

C caled

D called


A appearred

B appear

C appeared

D appeard


A haved

B has

C have

D had


A wore

B worn

C weared

D weard


A think

B thinked

C though

D thought


A not car

B don’t care

C didn’t care

D caredn’t


A like

B liked

C liking

D likes


Reading (Intensive).

1. Read an article about using computers in schools. Guess whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F), then read the text and see if your guesses were correct.

a) Computers help you communicate with others.

b) Computers can definitely replace teachers.

c) Headmasters refuse to equip schools with computers.

2. For question 1–15, choose from the people (A–F). Some of the people may be chosen mare than once.



says that students use their PCs to communicate with each other?

used a computer to read old newspapers?

needed to learn to read before he could play a computer game?

thinks pupils can use the Internet without any difficulty?

doesn’t always understand explanations in class?

says that computers as teachers would be very boring?

used a computer to fill in an application form?

used a computer to get information about an oil spillage?

get both fun and practical help from the computer?

uses a computer for extra help at home?

contacted environmental opganisations with the use of a computer?

don’t believe computers can replace teachers?

prefers computer printed work to hand written work?

is writing an essay with the help of a PC?

Intensive Reading.

The Wired-up School.

Churchill Community School in Somerset is a place where pupils and staff have mastered the art of getting what they want out of their computers. Like many school boys, Philip Eagle and his friends enjoy making paper aeroplanes. The only difference is that these boys are being given tips by a computer. “It’s physics, aeronautics and education”, insists Philip. He forgets to add that it’s also a pleasant way of passing the time during the morning break. He is currently working on his personal statement for the UCAS university Entrance form. “I’ve word-processed it so I can get more words into the space on the form apart from that, it looks much better type-written”.

He is one of the many pupils at Churchill Community School who have chosen to spend their twenty minutes of freedom on the learning resource centre. Here they can borrow books, do last-minute homework, catch up on gossip or take a turn on one of the computers that are always available for them to use.

Students use the computers for a wide variety of tasks. Ian Blomfield, for example, used a CD-ROM of back-issues of The Times and Sunday Times; along with the electronic encyclopedia Encarta, to find out about environmental damage caused by oil-tanker disasters. But he was able to go a step further. He used E-mail to pick the brains of campaigners and Friends of the Earth. “There was no other way we could have got such up-to-date information”, he says.

Because of a technologically advanced link to the Internet, twenty-eight computers can remain permanently on line. Cliff Harris, the school’s computer technician, explains that pupils can use the Internet as easily as any piece of software. “A lot of students are likely to have a PC at home in their room”, he adds. “They go home and have conversations with their schoolmates on the Internet”.

Most children seem to use their PC in a way that would please any teacher. Charles Palmer, who can also be found in the resource centre at break-time, says, “I didn’t exactly learn to read using a computer, but it was the adventure game Monkey Island that made me really want to learn. If I couldn’t read what was on the screen, I couldn’t play the game”. Charles also uses his PC for designing his family’s Christmas cards.

Helen Brown finds that her PC is an invaluable home tutor that can offer her that little extra bit of help. “Sometimes there are things in Algebra or Biology that teachers only go over once, and I don’t understand them. but I can use a program I’ve got at home which explains it again and again until I do understand it!”. However, she isn’t impressed by the possibility of computers replacing teachers. “You can’t ask a computer questions”, she says. “It just asks you”.

Her view seems widely shared. “It would be totally boring”, says Chris Richmond. “You’d switch the machine off, or switch off yourself”. Nevertheless, he is currently using his PC to Write an article on passive smoking and claims that he is being given the chance to write the best essay he could possibly write with the use of his computer.

Pupils without access to a computer at home are obviously at some disadvantage. The school tries hard to make up for this. They want all pupils to have a chance to take advantage of this valuable, interesting – and often fun – form of technology.


Choose the most suitable heading from the list A–H for each part (1–6).

There is one extra heading which you do not need to use.

The creatures that time forgot


The process of evolution has been very hard on some creatures. Just think of dinosaurs along with many other species, they were unable to adapt to the changing environment and as a result, died out. But sometimes members of a species have managed to hide away and live on. Meat-eating sponges, coelacanths and the white salamander are three such creatures.


The remarkable thing about these three creatures is that they have not changed for millions of years. They have remained hidden away in some of the darkest under-water places on earth. These are caves which, until now, have not been properly explored; they lack light and food and the creatures that live in them have had to struggle to survive.


The most exotic of these creatures lives deep in an underwater cave in Europe. It is the while salamander which is a member of a species 350 million years old – older than the dinosaurs. Over the last 20 million years, it has been driven to isolated places in order to escape being hunted. The underwater cave was the ideal place. In fact the salamander managed to hide so successfully that the first sighting wasn’t reported until 1689.


The salamander is usually a pale, milky colour and it is almost blind. It can live for up to 100 years, and can apparently live decades without food. The salamander is under threat, though as a result of pollution in underground rivers. Scientists have had problems trying to raise salamanders, so they have created a laboratory in underwater caves in order to do this.


In equally dark caves under the sea, there has been an even more surprising discovery: a sponge that eats meat. It was discovered in a cave that was flooded 7000 years ago. The water is cold and still and has no nutrition. Faced with this lack of food that other sponges take from the water, this species started catching tiny sea animals like shrimps and prawns and eating them. This was the only way this strange creature could survive.


The most famous of all these creatures, however, is the coelacanth. This ancient fish has lived in the sea for more than 300 million years. Until 1938, scientists thought it had died out a long time before. Then one was caught in the Indian Ocean. This fish has fins which resemble legs, and these have not changed for millions of years. A recent study showed that, unlike other fish, it lives and breeds in caves and the only time it ventures out is for food.


Because of fishing and tourism, the coelacanth is in great danger of dying out. Experts say there are only about 200 of them left. It seems that the isolation which protected these ancient creatures for millions of years is no more. Humans are, of course, the biggest threat to them, and now that their secret places have been discovered, they have nowhere left to go.

A A completely new species

B Surviving unchanged

C The threats people pose

D Changing eating habits for survival

E Exceptions to extinction

F Hiding from hunters

G Saving ancient lives with science

H A surprising reappearance


Read the text, and then write questions to the answers.

Life is like a Cafeteria

A friend’s grandfather came to America from Eastern Europe. After being processed at Ellis Island, he went into a cafeteria in lower Manhattan to get something to eat. He sat dawn at an empty table and waited for someone to take his order. Of course nobody did. Finally, a woman with a tray full of food sat down opposite him and informed him how a cafeteria worked.

Start out at that end”, she said. “Just go along the line and pick out what you want. At the other end they’ll tell you how much you have to pay’.

I soon learned that’s how everything works in America”, the grandfather told a friend. “Life’s a cafeteria here. You can get anything you want as long as you are willing to pay the price. You can even get success, but you’ll never get it if you wait for someone to bring it to you. You have to get up and get if yourself”.


1) A cafeteria (What…)

2) America (Where…)

3) He wanted to get something to eat (Why…)

4) Nobody did (Did…)

5) A woman (Who…)

6) He had to go along the line (What…)

7) At the end of the line (Where…)

8) Anything (What…)

9) Never (Will…)

10) To get up and get if (What…)

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