Кейс-технологии в обучении английскому языку
Кейс-метод можно представить в методологическом контексте как сложную систему, в которую интегрированы другие, более простые методы познания. В него входят моделирование, системный анализ, проблемный метод, мысленный эксперимент, методы описания, классификации, игровые методы, которые выполняют в кейс-методе свои роли.
Отличительными особенностями кейс–метода являются:
описание реальной проблемной ситуации
альтернативность решения проблемной ситуации
единая цель и коллективная работа по выработке решения
функционирование системы группового оценивания принимаемых решений
эмоциональное напряжение/ вовлеченность учащихся
Завершающее занятие по разделу учебника «Путешествия и достопримечательности».
Группы – первый курс, общеобразовательный профиль
Время занятия — 3 учебных часа
Вид кейса — практический
Case Study Task 1
You work for a magazine and you have to write an article about top 10 sights of St.Petersburg.
A. Carry out a survey.
B. Discuss with your colleagues what sights you are going to include on your top list. Give arguments for and against.
Case study Task 2
Make a mini-presentation of the 10 sights you have chosen. Explain why they deserve to be on your top list.
Составьте список архитектурных достопримечательностей Санкт-Петербурга, по Вашему мнению, имеющих право считаться новыми чудесами света. Аргументируйте свой выбор.
Организационная часть. Выдача кейса.
Ознакомление с тексом кейса. Работа студентов в подгруппах. Составление опроса. Проведение соцопроса.
Анализ полученных результатов.
Обсуждение /дебаты внутри подгруппы с использованием опорной лексики.
Просмотр материалов, подбор статей и иллюстраций для презентации.
Представление результатов работы (презентация достопримечательностей).
Обобщение результатов, подведение итогов.
Оценка студенческой работы по системе оценивания, которая предъявлялась им в начале занятия.
A Useful Language Bank for Communication
Asking for opinion.
What’s your opinion on...?
How do you feel about....?
What do you think about....?
What’s your view on...?
My point of view is that...
Well, as far as I’m concerned...
Well, if you ask me...
It seems\ appears to me that...
I think\ believe...\ must...\
In my opinion\ view...
To me...\ may\ might
From my point of view...
To my mind/ way of thinking...
As far as I am concerned...
I am totally against...
I (do not) agree that \ with...
If I were ... I would...
Perhaps they should....
Why don’t we/ they...
How/ what about...?
A good idea would be...
If they..., then...
They can/ should...
I think we/ you should...
You could always...
Have you thought about...
It would be a great idea to...
We can/ could...
A useful suggestion would be to...
It would help/ It would be a good idea if...
The situation would be improved if/ by...
Another way to... is / would be to...
I think you are right...
I quite agree with you...
I couldn’t agree more.
That’s a great / good/ fantastic idea.
Sure, why not.
That sounds interesting / great.
I’m not sure I agree with you.
That’s true, but...
Do you really think so?
I’m afraid I can’t agree with you.
No, I really can’t agree with you.
I don’t really feel like it.
That sounds boring.
Presenting results and consequences.
This would .../ In this way...; you /it /etc would....
By doing this, you/we/ etc, would...
The effect / consequence / result of... would be...
Consequently,... As a result,....
Критерии оценивания работы учащихся
St. Petersburg Russia is a fantastic place to visit and has a plethora of fascinating and beautiful museums, cathedrals, palaces, and other attractions. However long your visit, there’s sure to be something to tempt you and making up your mind about which places to see can be tricky. With that in mind we’ve compiled a list of the Top Ten Sights in St. Petersburg, to make things that little bit easier for you!
1. The State Hermitage
Packed to the rafters with artworks by old masters, classic Western art and treasures from the East, historical artifacts including coins and seals, and all housed in buildings that in themselves are great architectural classics, the State Hermitage Museum regularly tops any list of things to do in St. Petersburg. With nearly three million exhibits, housed in a vast museum complex, you’re going to need a serious amount of time to experience the marvels of the Hermitage. If you can’t visit the whole complex then make sure you at least include the Winter Palace, the hanging gardens, the theater, and the numismatic collection.
Grand Staircase inside the Hermitage
2. The Peter and Paul Cathedral
The Cathedral was built in 1712 and was the tallest structure in St. Petersburg for many years (until the TV tower was built). This cathedral, however, is unlike most of the others in St. Petersburg, and, indeed, Russia, as the architecture is more Baroque and owes its influences to Western fashions. All but two of the tsars have been laid to rest here along with the family members (and servants) of tsar Nicholas II – breaking, very briefly, the tradition of burying tsars’ family members in the Grand Ducal Mausoleum at the northeast of the Cathedral.
3. The Peter and Paul Fortress
Fully deserving of a separate mention, the Peter and Paul Fortress, which houses the Peter and Paul Cathedral, is a must-see on your trip to St. Petersburg. This is one of Russia’s most famous historical fortresses, built in 1703 by Peter the Great, and used for the alternative purpose of housing political prisoners. The Fortress now plays host to the Prison Museum, and houses the City History Museum, the Peter and Paul Cathedral, and the Mint.
Arial view of the Peter and Paul Fortress
4. The Catherine Palace
Almost destroyed by invading troops during WWII, the Catherine Palace has seen many changes during its time. Built in 1717 for Catherine I, it has been updated numerous times to reflect the personalities of each royal resident. Starting out as a summer pleasure palace it now stands at around 325 meters across in a blaze of white, gold, and blue. The interior houses numerous artworks, and exudes luxury, and the grounds are complete with fountains, ponds, bridges, and a pavilion bathhouse. Crowds are highly likely in peak season, so go in the off-season if you can or you might be elbowing your way in to see the art adorning the Catherine Palace’s interior.
Catherine's Palace St. Petersburg
5. The Peterhof Palace
Another palace sneaks in at No.4 on our list, although this one is more a palace complex. A summer visit is essential in order to see the numerous fountains in their full glory. Separate tickets are available for the grounds and the palaces themselves and you may find that two trips (or more!) are in order to really see everything. The grounds play host to more than eighty of the original marble statues specially commissioned by Peter the Great as a response to his trip to Versailles. All of the fountains work using natural spring water and some clever planning – no need for pump systems here. There are trick fountains lurking in the grounds so beware. The Peterhof Summer Palace itself houses many artworks and artifacts and all in a rather sumptuous setting.
Grand Palace and Grand Cascade
6. The State Russian Museum
Often overshadowed by the State Hermitage, the State Russian Museum is another must-see on your trip to St. Petersburg. The Museum boasts great Russian art, including the Socialist Realism works of the Stalin era, and countless masterpieces including 12th Century icons and 21st Century paintings. Housed in the MIkhailovsky Palace the museum’s origins can be traced back to a dream of tsar Alexander III whose son, tsar Nicholas II, created the collection in honour of his father. The Palace was the work of architect Carlo Rossi, is built in a Neo-Classical style, and was completed in 1825 with the museum opening in 1898.
7. Church of Our Saviour on the Spilt Blood
With such an extravagant name you’d expect a little bit of a story and that’s exactly what you get here at the Church of Our Saviour on the Spilt Blood. The Church was built on the site (in 1883) where tsar Alexander II was assassinated on March 1st two years earlier. The exterior is rather fabulous and the interior has been wonderfully restored with walls lined with mosaics mimicking famous Russian artworks. The church has a distinctive golden onion-dome, lovingly restored features, including the granite plaques displaying historic happenings from Alexander II’s reign, and the proximity to a rather interesting flea market across the road makes the Church of Our Saviour of the Spilt Blood a top destination in St. Petersburg.
8. The Bronze Horseman Statue
A classic symbol of St. Petersburg, the Bronze Horseman Statue must be seen and must be endlessly photographed on your trip. You may not be allowed to leave the country otherwise. All jokes aside, this statue is a representation of Peter the Great sitting astride his horse and is mounted on the Thunder Stone which was dragged from far far away to display the magnificent Russian memorial. Commissioned by Catherine the Great to honour her predecessor, the statue holds center stage in Decemberist (Senate) Square and is featured on many a postcard issued forth from the great city of St. Petersburg.
9. Mariinsky Theatre (Kirov Opera and Ballet)
Beautiful in the daytime and well worth a visit as after-dinner entertainment, the Mariinsky Theater was built in 1860 for Alexander II’s wife Maria Alexandrovna. Known for many years as The Kirov (it’s Soviet Era name), the internationally renowned theatre has seen the rise and fall of many Russian stars. Today, it is best known for its ballet, and is one of Russia’s leading opera houses. Formal attire is usually de rigeur and you’ll definitely feel like you’ve entered high-class Russian society when you see the Neo-Renaissance facade and the pale blue and gold auditorium interior. Although you’re unlikely to sit in the Royal Box you can at least marvel at the imperial eagles that have recently returned to grace the theatre once again.
10. Alexander Nevsky Monastery
This might seem like a slightly ghoulish final entry in the Top Ten Sights in St. Petersburg, as the Monastery itself is not really the attraction – it’s the cemetery that holds great interest. The recently reopened Church of the Annunciation is the oldest building in the Monastery complex and is worth looking around, mainly due to its designation as a museum during the Soviet Era. Back outside in the cemetery however, you’ll find some interesting names adorning the tombs and gravestones. Many a Russian composer is resting here, as are noted writers such as Dostoevsky. Non-ruling members of the royal family also have their tombs inside the cemetery making it a veritable who’s who of Russian culture and history.
Краткое описание документа:
Данный урок разработан с использованием современной кейс-технологии, которая позволяет активно вовлечь учащихся в познавательную деятельность и сформировать у них необходимые языковые навыки.Тема кейса- «Достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга». Урок можно использовать как завершающее занятие по модулю «Путешествия». В представленном материале содержатся опорные фразы (для обсуждения студентами в группах), тексты и иллюстративный материал для выполнения задания кейса, а также критерии для оценки студенческих работ.