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The town of Surgut is located on the middle watercourse of the Ob, in latitude 61 North. On the climatic conditions the area is equal to the Far North: winter lasts about seven months in the year. Surgut was founded in 1594 by the Cossack group, headed by the prince Fyodor Boryatinsky. The favorable geographical position, convenient waterways made Surgut the centre of a huge uyezd.
In 1785 the Empress Ekaterina II approved the emblem of the town on which a silver fox symbolizes the riches of Surgut. The present emblem was adopted by Decision of the town Duma №273-III GD dated November 4, 2003, out into State heraldic register of the RF, registered as number 1207. Heraldic description describes: "Black fox with silver tail which is walking on the light blue land is in the golden field".
Surgut has gotten a new birth after the opening of large oil in the Middle Priobje at the beginning of 60th. The youth from all republics of the huge Soviet country went to develop oil fields and to build new towns . The population of Surgut has increased since 1960 and accounted for over 490 ths. people. Surgut takes the second place among the towns of the Tyumen Region regarding the number of the population. On the results of Census 2012 63% of Russians, over 11% of Ukrainians, 5.3% of Tartars, 1.6% of Byelorussians, 0.3% of Khanty and Mansi, representatives over 90 nationalities live in Surgut.
JSC "Surgutgasprom" transports over 70 billion cubic m of gas, processes about 4 million tons of gas per year. Surgut hydroelectric power station 1 and hydroelectric power station - 2, with the total capacity of 8 thousand mw, provide with the electric power not only the Tyumen area, but deliver energy in other regions of Russia and export. Surgut is a powerful energetic center of the country. In 1972 hydroelectric power station –1 which worked on associate oil gas generated electricity and in several years it was started the construction of hydroelectric power station – 2. These power stations operate on associated gas, one of the most powerful in the world.
The system of higher and secondary educational institutions including the State University, State Pedagogical Institute, some branches of high schools, oil technical school, medical school, musical school, professional colleges are created in the town. The institutions of culture and healthcare are intensively developing. Recently Sports health-improving center "Energetic", equipped with up-to-date medical equipment, Children's clinic were opened, new buildings of Surgut State university and Surgut Teachers' Training University were put into operation, Gerontological center is placed not far from the town.
Surgut is a unique alive body with its face and the internal laws, determining its general condition and emotional health. Its essence is shown in the interaction with other territories: the Okrug, near and far areas and town. The "Geographical palette" of the partners of Surgut, without exaggeration, includes up to fifty towns and Regions of Russia, far and near foreign countries.
OUR SCHOOL № 46
Oh, winter in Siberia! AUTHOR : Danilyuk Lyudmila Oh, winter in Siberia, It is really severe! Oh , winter in Siberia, It is hard to live here… But every citizen of Surgut loves such weather! All of us are proud and prefer to be together!
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Презентация к уроку английского языка «Наш родной город» . «Surgut is our native town«Целесообразно использовать материал при работе с такими темами , как « Города России» , « Нефтяные столицы России», « Уголки нашей необъятной Родины«Следует отметить, что презентация содержит материал по регионоведению родного Сибирского края .В презентации отражена история города, описание герба города и эмблемы, представлен материал по образовательным учрежденииям , есть викторина для учащихся 7-9 классов и есть стихотворение автора о городе .
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