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My Country My heart’s in my country, my heart is here, The birthplace of valour, my village of worth. Wherever I wander, wherever I rove, The forests and valleys, the rivers and seas forever I love. I can never forget you, my country! The land of my father’s, the soil of the free, The path of my childhood and paths of my village. The land of traditions and holidays, customs. The land of great people and generous, brave. I love you, my country, I can never forget you, My heart’s in my country, my heart is here.
JANUARY New Year - January 1: New Year's Day is one of the most favourite holidays in Russia. Both grown-ups and children are happy on this day. On the Eve of this holiday or just on this day people give presents to each other, have fun, make fireworks, decorate pine and fur-trees, cook delicious food and lay the holiday table. The unchangeable participants of this holiday are Farther Frost and his granddaughter "Snegurochka"(a snow girl).
The holiday lasts till next morning. For the first time this holiday was announced by Peter 1 (order dated by January 20, 700). This order gave the detailed instructions how to celebrate New Year's Day. Many people used to see the New Year on January 14, (according to the old calendar). And the tradition of telling fortunes at this night is very popular among young ladies and fellows, who is willing to know at least a little bit about their near future.
Christmas - January 7: This period from 7 till 19th of January is the best period for telling fortunes, as it is the Saint Christmas week, when people have fun, ware fancy-dresses and walk from one home to another asking for favor. In the night of the 7th of January (according to the orthodox calendar) is Christmas. On Christmas holidays people try to be better, purer (cleaner); it is the time when Christian values take peculiar importance (meaning), it is time for good deeds.
Christmas is the holiday of waiting for miracles. As once it had happened in Vifliem - the Rescuer of humanity was born, so it must happen every year on this day. That's why both grown-ups and children are waiting for Christmas with such impatience and even though miracle doesn't take place the holiday is very nice with its unique mixture of folk and Christian customs and tradition
Old New Year - January 13: holiday in memory of Old Calendar New Year. Celebarated as a family holiday. The Student Day ( Tatyana's Day ) - January 25: in Russia it is a merry holiday of the students as on January, 25th in 1775 Emperor Elizabeth signed the decree (prepared by count Shuvalov) of the establishment of the Moscow University.
FEBRUARY The Army Day - Men's Day - February 23: This holiday is celebrated on the 23rd of February. It is our tribute of respect to all the generations of Russian soldiers from the ancient times till nowadays to those who defeated courageously our motherland from invaders. On this day all the masculine representatives from boys to old men receive congratulations and presents and the military men greet each other. Women have a happy opportunity to say the warmest and the sweetest words to their lovers and to please them with sings of attention.
The Pancake Day - February 27 till the beginning of March: It is a holiday of ancient Slavs in honor to east pagan God of fertility (Vles). It is a holiday of farewell to the winter and welcome to the spring. The Orthodox Church considers the Pancake Day is a Christian holiday, the so-called cheese week. It is previous to the East and it is celebrated 7 weeks before Easter. It is a merry folk holiday when old rubbish or hey scarecrow is burnt. Most people put on skins of animals and soil their faces with soot to drive away wicked spirits.
MARCH Women's Day - March 8: the International Women's Day (IWD) inherited a tradition of protest and political activism. It was German Zcetkin who was bitterly opposed to bourgeois feminism and wanted to ensure that working class women were not lured away from their class movement by default. The conference participants, including Alexandra Kollontai, a Russian revolutionist, discussed demonstrating to publicize their support for women's equality. In 1908 Branch Number 3 of the New York City Socialist Democratic Women's Society took up the call by organizing a mass meeting on women's suffrage on March 8th.
The following year the American Socialist Party declared the National Woman's Day last Sunday in February. In Petrograd (now St. Petersburg), on the 23 of February from 1922 Clara Zcetkin headed the International Women's Secretariat of the Communist International in Moscow and IWD became an official Communist holiday. It became International Women's Day after the Second World War.
March 8 became the first spring holiday in Russia. Up to this day, it is an official day off and both men and women of Russia are looking forward to this holiday. It has long lost its political meaning and is looked upon as a day to celebrate the unconditional love, sacrifice, patience, wisdom, and beauty of the Russian women.
APRIL Fool Day (the Day of laughter) - April 1: They say it is not a sin to laugh at everything that seems to be fun. The medical men confirm that laughter prolong the life. It is considered that those who can laugh at themselves achieve a lot. Recently this fun holiday didn't celebrate everywhere but nowadays it has become a custom. Everybody tries to play a trick on others.
Easter - two weeks after Catholic Easter: It is the main Christian holyday established in honor to the Resurrection of Jesus Christ crucified on the cross and to the Outcome of the Jews from Egypt. Easter is hold on the 1st Sunday after the vernal equinox and it is celebrated solemnly and merrily. The date of Easter is usually determined by the church calendar and calculate according to so-called paskhalias - the special tables.
MAY The Holiday of Spring and Labor - May 1: The 1st of May is the traditional holiday of spring. It opens the sequence of other May holidays. This is the day of triumph of the nature which is full of blossom, of birds' singing, of multicolored flowers and small balls. People have a rest both from the long frosty winter and winter troubles looking forward the summer and summer joys.
Victory Day - May 9: It is the greatest holiday for Russian people. It is both joy and sorrow. But there is much more on this day because we managed to defend our independence and we won " the brown plague" and stood the test of war with dignity. A great gratitude to those who lost their lives for today's peace and happiness. And eternal memory will last forever
June The International Day of Children Defendence - June 1: What is sunnier, joyful, and memorable than the childhood? A child gets to know the world, learns good and friendship, finds out new in familiar things. A child is happy when he is loved, warmed fed and understood. The children are the future of the mankind. Tomorrow is in their hands. Their right for life and dignity must be respected and defended.
Trinity is the unity of three God's faces: God Father, God Son and Sacred Spirit. It is a Christian holiday. It is celebrated on the 50th day after Easter hence it follows its another name-Pyatidesyatnitsa (the 50th day). On this day Holy Spirit went down on the Apostles and gave them Christ's instructions to spread news of Christianity to all the peoples and languages.
This holiday is hold according to folk rites. The dwellings are decorated with twigs of birch. In the evening people sing and dance in rings. In Russia Whitsunday merged with the Semic holiday. It is the esteem of plant Spirits. People also celebrate the Parents' Saturday. Independence Day - June 12: is Russia's newest holiday, which commemorates the adoption in 1991 of the Declaration of Sovereignty of the Russian Federation
OCTOBER Teacher's Day - October 5: This special day was created to focus the World's attention on the contributions and achievements of teachers as well as their concerns and priorities. DECEMBER The Constitution Day - December 12: On this date in 1993 the new Constitution of the Russian Federation was approved, a fundamental law of the state, one of the most important democratic institutions.
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