Добавить материал и получить бесплатное свидетельство о публикации в СМИ
Эл. №ФС77-60625 от 20.01.2015
Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Презентации / Презентация к проекту The similarities and the contradictories between Russian and British superstitions
ВНИМАНИЮ ВСЕХ УЧИТЕЛЕЙ: согласно Федеральному закону № 313-ФЗ все педагоги должны пройти обучение навыкам оказания первой помощи.

Дистанционный курс "Оказание первой помощи детям и взрослым" от проекта "Инфоурок" даёт Вам возможность привести свои знания в соответствие с требованиями закона и получить удостоверение о повышении квалификации установленного образца (180 часов). Начало обучения новой группы: 24 мая.

Подать заявку на курс
  • Иностранные языки

Презентация к проекту The similarities and the contradictories between Russian and British superstitions

библиотека
материалов

Theme: Superstitions.



Purpose: Reveal the actuality of superstitions.


  1. Tasks:


  1. To learn the meaning of superstition.

  2. To analyze the British and Kazakhstan’s people superstitions

  3. To find the similarity and difference between them

  4. Quiz “How are you superstitious?”

  5. To make conclusion.




Good and evil we know in the field of this world grow up together almost inseparably;
and the knowledge of good is so involved and interwoven with the knowledge of evil
and in so many cunning resemblances hardly to be discerned…

MILTON.

Almost every nation has a reputation of some kind. The English are reputed to be cold, reserved, rather haughty people. They are steady, easy-going and fond of sports. There are certain kinds of behavior, manners and customs which are peculiar to England. The English are naturally polite and are never tired of saying "Thank you" and "I am sorry". They are generally disciplined, you never hear loud talk in the street. They don't rush for seats in buses and trains, but they take their seats in queues at bus stops. English people do not shake hands when meeting one another, they do not show their emotions even in tragic situations. They seem to remain good-tempered and cheerful under difficulties. English are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up. As well as Britain has a long history there are a lot of holidays and superstitions British people believe in.

People have believed in superstitions from the dawn of time. Pre-historic man feared great natural powers, and phenomena that he did not understand, and related them to the gods, spirits, good and evil forces that control the world. He tried to invent ways to hold back the forces of evil and from this, in actual fact, superstition was born. Over the years, man’s beliefs changed, and so too did the superstitions, but they did not disappear. Many have been preserved to this day, and the rationale behind them has been forgotten and has disappeared.

Superstitions can be defined as, "irrational beliefs, especially with regard to the unknown"(Collins English Dictionary).They cause us to act in strange ways, believe in odd things and leave us unable to explain the reasons why.

Superstition and religion .This capability of the superstitious was associated with divination, which when not performed by a regular augur, was held in contempt as charlatanism. As a result, the superstition  became synonymous with "despicable religious beliefs", as antithetic with “religio”, the accepted official or traditional religion .Thus, the English word ", superstition " as understood from its original Latin meaning, implies a religion-like belief that stands outside the bounds of clerical religion. In modern English, the term " superstition " is also used to refer to folkloric belief systems, often with the intention of deriding another culture's concept of the spiritual world. Superstitions are based on general, culturally variable beliefs in a supernatural "reality". Depending on a given culture's belief set, its superstitions may relate to things that are not fully understood or known, such as cemeteries, animals, demons, a devil, deceased ancestors, the weather, ripping one's sock, gambling, sports, food, holidays, occupations, excessive scrupulosity, death, luck and spirits. Urban legends are also sometimes classed as superstition, especially if the moral of the legend is to justify fears about socially alien people or conditions. In Western folklore, traditional superstitions associated with bad luck include Friday the 13th, walking under a ladder, and black cats.

Many superstitions may seem silly, even stupid to us today, but they continue to influence our behavior and many people would argue that there are in fact some very good reasons for avoiding black cats and walking under ladders.

There are different groups of superstitions.

II. Superstitions Groups:

  • Superstitions and professions

  • Superstitions and holidays

  • Superstitions and flowers

  • Other superstitions

  • ABC of superstitions

Other superstitions

Here are some British superstitions with long traditions. Some of them are similar to Russian -It's extremely unlucky to walk under a ladder propped against a wall or building .Breaking it (walking through it) would put you in league with the devil himself. Considering what Christians did to those who were considered to be in league with the devil, it's hardly surprising that leaning ladders were avoided at all cost. .

But if you must pass under a ladder, you can avoid bad luck by crossing your fingers and keeping them crossed until you see a dog. Another remedy is to spit on your shoe and leave the spittle to dry. As for crossing fingers this is probably the superstition that is most widely used today. By making the sign of the Christian faith with our fingers, evil spirits would be prevented from destroying our chances of good fortune. 

-It's unlucky to spill salt. If you do, you must take a pinch and throw it over your left shoulder.   Salt was, during the middle ages, a very expensive commodity used mainly for medicinal purposes. For this reason, spillage was to be avoided at all costs. The idea that it is unlucky to do so probably stem from the belief that Judas spilt salt during the last supper. Throwing spilt salt over the left shoulder is linked to its medicinal use. If it could not be administered, the next best thing was to throw it into the eye of the evil spirits that brought sickness upon us. These spirits were thought to lurk behind your shoulder, waiting for an opportunity to strike. 

-The number thirteen is very unlucky and Friday the 13th is a very unlucky date. The idea that this day would bring bad luck has its roots in both Norse and Christian beliefs. The Scandinavian's believed that the number 13 was unlucky due to the mythological 12 demigods being joined by a 13th, an evil one, who brought misfortune upon humans. Christ was said to have been crucified on Friday and the number of guests at the party of the Last Supper was 13, with the 13th guest being Judas, the traitor. 

. God Bless YouDuring the sixth century, it was customary to congratulate people who sneezed because they were expelling evil from their bodies. The blessing of those who sneeze started when the great plague took hold of Europe. Sufferers began sneezing violently, and as such, were bound to die.

The Pope therefore passed a law requiring people to bless the sneezer. At the same time, it was expected that anybody sneezing would cover their mouth with a cloth or their hand. This was obviously to stop the spreading of the disease, but many believed that it was to keep the soul intact. Sneezing 'into the air' would allow the soul to escape and death would be imminent. Up until this time, the opposite was true. Those who sneezed were congratulated as it was believed that a violent sneeze would expel evil from their bodies. 

-It's very bad luck to open an umbrella in the house — it will either bring misfortune to the person who has opened it or to those who live in the house.

-It's unlucky to meet or pass someone on the stairs. If it's unavoidable, cross your fingers.

-It's unlucky to take the last piece of bread on the plate.

-It's bad luck to see one magpie. However, it's lucky to see two, etc.

-It's unlucky to put new shoes on the table.

-It's extremely unlucky to break a mirror. It means 7 years of bad luck.

- Burning cheeks or ears mean someone is talking about you. It's a friend if your left cheek is burning. It's an enemy if your right cheek is burning.

-. It is bad luck to kill a ladybug because it represents the Virgin Mary.” Ladybird, ladybird, fly away home”

-A black cat crossing your path will bring you good luck.

- A horseshoe over the door of a new house brings good luck. But it must be the right way up. The luck runs out of a horseshoe if it's upside down.

-Clover usually has three leaves, but a few have four. A clover with four leaves is supposed to bring good luck.

-Catch a falling leaf in your hand and you'll avoid a cold the following season.

-It's lucky to touch wood. If you feel you've said something that is tempting fate, touchsome item of wood with the right hand.


-The number thirteen is very unlucky and Friday the 13th is a very unlucky date. The idea that this day would bring bad luck has its roots in both Norse and Christian beliefs. The Scandinavian's believed that the number 13 was unlucky due to the mythological 12 demigods being joined by a 13th, an evil one, who brought misfortune upon humans. Christ was said to have been crucified on Friday and the number of guests at the party of the Last Supper was 13, with the 13th guest being Judas, the traitor. 

. God Bless YouDuring the sixth century, it was customary to congratulate people who sneezed because they were expelling evil from their bodies. The blessing of those who sneeze started when the great plague took hold of Europe. Sufferers began sneezing violently, and as such, were bound to die.

The Pope therefore passed a law requiring people to bless the sneezer. At the same time, it was expected that anybody sneezing would cover their mouth with a cloth or their hand. This was obviously to stop the spreading of the disease, but many believed that it was to keep the soul intact. Sneezing 'into the air' would allow the soul to escape and death would be imminent. Up until this time, the opposite was true. Those who sneezed were congratulated as it was believed that a violent sneeze would expel evil from their bodies



IV. ABC Superstitions


ACORN


An acorn should be carried to bring luck and ensure a long life.

 

An acorn at the window will keep lightning out

AMBER

Amber beads, worn as a necklace, can protect against illness or cure colds. 

AMBULANCE

Seeing an ambulance is very unlucky unless you pinch your nose or hold your breath until you see a black or a brown dog.

 

Touch your toes
Touch your nose
Never go in one of those
Until you see a dog.

APPLE

Think of five or six names of boys or girls you might marry, As you twist the stem of an apple, recite the names until the stem comes off. You will marry the person whose name you were saying when the stem fell off.

 

An apple a day
Keeps the doctor away.

 

If you cut an apple in half and count how many seeds are inside, you will also know how many children you will have.

BABY

To predict the sex of a baby: Suspend a wedding band held by a piece of thread over the palm of the pregnant girl. If the ring swings in an oval or circular motion the baby will be a girl. If the ring swings in a straight line the baby will be a boy.

BASEBALL BAT

Spit on a new bat before using it for the first time to make it lucky

BED

It's bad luck to put a hat on a bed.

 

If you make a bedspread, or a quilt, be sure to finish it or marriage will never come to you

 

Placing a bed facing north and south brings misfortune.

 

You must get out of bed on the same side that you get in or you will have bad luck.

 

When making the bed, don't interrupt your work, or you will spend a restless night in it.

BEE

If a bee enters your home, it's a sign that you will soon have a visitor. If you kill the bee, you will have bad luck, or the visitor will be unpleasant.

 

A swarm of bees settling on a roof is an omen that the house will burn down.

BELL

The sound of bells drives away demons because they're afraid of the loud noise.


When a bell rings, a new angel has received his wings.

BIRD

A bird in the house is a sign of a death.

 

If a robin flies into a room through a window, death will shortly follow.

BIRTH

Monday's child is fair of face;
Tuesday's child is full of grace;
Wednesday's child is full of woe;
Thursday's child has far to go;
Friday's child is loving and giving;
Saturday's child works hard for a living.
But the child that is born on the Sabbath day
is fair and wise, good and gay.

BIRTHDAY CAKE

If you blow out all the candles on your birthday cake with the first puff you will get your wish.

BLARNEY STONE

The Blarney Stone is a stone set in the wall of the Blarney Castle tower in the Irish village of Blarney. Kissing the stone is supposed to bring the kisser the gift of persuasive eloquence (blarney.)

BLUE

To protect yourself from witches, wear a blue bead.

 

Touch blue
And your wish
Will come true.

BREAD

Before slicing a new loaf of bread, make the sign of the cross on it.

 

A loaf of bread should never be turned upside down after a slice has been cut from it.


BRIDE

Bridal & wedding superstitions

BRIDGE

If you say good-bye to a friend on a bridge, you will never see each other again.

BROOM

Do not lean a broom against a bed. The evil spirits in the broom will cast a spell on the bed.

 

If you sweep trash out the door after dark, it will bring a stranger to visit.

 

If someone is sweeping the floor and sweeps over your feet, you'll never get married.

 

Never take a broom along when you move. Throw it out and buy a new one.

 

To prevent an unwelcome guest from returning, sweep out the room they stayed in immediately after they leave.

BUTTERFLY

If the first butterfly you see in the year is white, you will have good luck all year.

 

Three butterflies together mean good luck.

CANDLE

If a candle lighted as part of a ceremony blows out, it is a sign that evil spirits are nearby.

CALF

If the first calf born during the winter is white, the winter will be a bad one.

CAT

If a black cat walks towards you, it brings good fortune, but if it walks away, it takes the good luck with it.

 

Keep cats away from babies because they "suck the breath" of the child.

 

A cat onboard a ship is considered to bring luck.

CHEEKS

If your cheeks suddenly feel on fire, someone is talking about you.

CHILL

If you get a chill up your back or goose bumps, it means that someone is walking over your grave.

CHIMNEY SWEEP

It's very lucky to meet a chimney sweep by chance. Make a wish when sighting one and the wish will come true.

CIGARETTES

It is bad luck to light three cigarettes with the same match.

CIRCLE

Evil spirits can't harm you when you stand inside a circle.

CLOCK

If a clock which has not been working suddenly chimes, there will be a death in the family.

CLOVER

It's good luck to find a four-leaf clover.

 

Clover protects human beings and animals from the spell of magicians and the wiles of fairies, and brings good luck to those who keep it in the house.

COIN

It's bad luck to pick up a coin if it's tails side up. Good luck comes if it's heads up.

COMB

To drop a comb while you are combing your hair is a sign of a coming disappointment.

COUGH

To cure a cough: take a hair from the coughing person's head, put it between two slices of buttered bread, feed it to a dog, and say, "Eat well you hound, may you be sick and I be sound."

COW

Cows lifting their tails are a sure sign that rain is coming.

CRACK

Don't step on a crack on a sidewalk or walkway.

 

Step on a crack
Break your mother's back.

CRICKET

A cricket in the house brings good luck.

COUNTING CROWS

One's bad,
Two's luck,
Three's health,
Four's wealth,
Five's sickness,
Six is death.


DANDELION

Pick a dandelion that has gone to seed. Take a deep breath and blow the seeds into the wind. Count the seeds that remain on the stem. That is the number of children you will have.


DEATH

Superstitions about death

DOG

A dog howling at night when someone in the house is sick is a bad omen.

DOOR

It's bad luck to leave a house through a different door than the one used to come into it.

DREAMS

The meaning of dreams
and dream superstitions

EARS

If your right ear itches, someone is speaking well of you.

 

If your left ear itches, someone is speaking ill of you.

 

Left for love and right for spite:
Left or right, good at night.

EASTER

For good luck throughout the year, wear new clothes on Easter.

ELEPHANT

Pictures of an elephant bring luck, but only if they face a door.

EYE

If your right eye twitches there will soon be a birth in the family. If the left eye twitches there will soon be a death in the family.

 

To cure a sty, stand at a crossroads and recite
Sty, sty, leave my eye
Take the next one coming by.

EYELASH

If an eyelash falls out, put it on the back of the hand, make a wish and throw it over your shoulder. If it flies off the hand the wish will be granted.

FINGERNAILS

It is bad luck to cut your fingernails on Friday or Sunday.


Fingernail cuttings should be saved, burned, or buried.

FISH

A fish should always be eaten from the head toward the tail.

 

Dream of fish: someone you know is pregnant.

FISHING

Throw back the first fish you catch then you'll be lucky the whole day fishing.

 

If you count the number of fish you caught, you will catch no more that day.

 

It's bad luck to say the word "pig" while fishing at sea.

FLAG

It brings bad luck for a flag to touch the ground.

FLOWER

First Flower of Spring: The day you find the first flower of the season can be used as an omen:
Monday means good fortune,
Tuesday means greatest attempts will be successful,
Wednesday means marriage,
Thursday means warning of small profits,
Friday means wealth,
Saturday means misfortune,
Sunday means excellent luck for weeks.

FOOT

If the bottom of your right foot itches, you are going to take a trip.

FORK

To drop a fork means a man is coming to visit.


FRIDAY

A bed changed on Friday will bring bad dreams.

 

Any ship that sails on Friday will have bad luck.

 

You should never start a trip on Friday or you will meet misfortune.

 

Never start to make a garment on Friday unless you can finish it the same day.

FRIDAY THE 13TH - how did Friday the thirteenth become such an unlucky day?

 

fear of Friday the 13th is rooted in ancient, separate bad-luck associations with the number 13 and the day Friday. The two unlucky entities combine to make one super unlucky day.

 

There is a Norse myth about 12 gods having a dinner party at Valhalla, their heaven. In walked the uninvited 13th guest, the mischievous Loki. Once there, Loki arranged for Hoder, the blind god of darkness, to shoot Balder the Beautiful, the god of joy and gladness, with a mistletoe-tipped arrow. Balder died and the Earth got dark. The whole Earth mourned.

 

There is a Biblical reference to the unlucky number 13. Judas, the apostle who betrayed Jesus, was the 13th guest to the Last Supper.

 

A particularly bad Friday the 13th occurred in the middle ages. On a Friday the 13th in 1306, King Philip of France arrested the revered Knights Templar and began torturing them, marking the occasion as a day of evil.

 

In ancient Rome, witches reportedly gathered in groups of 12. The 13th was believed to be the devil.

 

Both Friday and the number 13 were once closely associated with capital punishment. In British tradition, Friday was the conventional day for public hangings, and there were supposedly 13 steps leading up to the noose.

 

It is traditionally believed that Eve tempted Adam with the apple on a Friday. Tradition also has it that the Flood in the Bible, the confusion at the Tower of Babel, and the death of Jesus Christ all took place on Friday.

 

Numerologists consider 12 a "complete" number. There are 12 months in a year, 12 signs of the zodiac, 12 gods of Olympus, 12 labors of Hercules, 12 tribes of Israel, and 12 apostles of Jesus. In exceeding 12 by 1, 13's association with bad luck has to do with just being a little beyond completeness.

FRIDAY THE 13TH - how is fear of the number thirteen demonstrated?

 

More than 80 percent of high-rises lack a 13th floor.

 

Many airports skip the 13th gate.

 

Airplanes have no 13th aisle.

 

Hospitals and hotels regularly have no room number 13.

 

Many cities do not have a 13th Street or a 13th Avenue

 

Many triskaidekaphobia, as those who fear the unlucky integer are known, point to the ill-fated mission to the moon, Apollo 13.

 

If you have 13 letters in your name, you will have the devil's luck . Jack the Ripper, Charles Manson, Jeffrey Dahmer, Theodore Bundy and Albert De Salvo all have 13 letters in their names.

FROG

A frog brings good luck to the house it enters.

 

The dried body of a frog worn in a silk bag around the neck averts epilepsy and other fits.

GOOD FRIDAY
(The Friday before Easter)

A child born on Good Friday and baptized on Easter Sunday has a gift of healing. If a boy, he should go into the ministry.

 

Cut your hair on Good Friday to prevent headaches in the year to come

 

A person who dies on Good Friday will go right to heaven.

 

Shed no blood on Good Friday, work no wood, hammer no nail.

HAIR

Pulling out a gray or white hair will cause ten more to grow in its place.

HAND

If the palm of your right hand itches it means you will soon be getting money.

 

If the palm of your left hand itches it means you will soon be paying out money.

HORSESHOE

A horseshoe, hung above the doorway, will bring good luck to a home. In most of Europe protective horseshoes are placed in a downward facing position, but in some parts of Ireland and Britain people believe that the shoes must be turned upward or "the luck will run out."

 

A horseshoe hung in the bedroom will keep nightmares away.

ITCH

If your nose itches you will soon be kissed by a fool.

 

If your nose itches
Your mouth is in danger.
You'll kiss a fool,
And meet a stranger.
Rub an itch to wood
It will come to good
.

IVY

Ivy growing on a house protects the inhabitants from witchcraft and evil.

KNIFE

A knife as a gift from a lover means that the love will soon end.

 

A knife placed under the bed during childbirth will ease the pain of labor.

 

If a friend gives you a knife, you should give him a coin, or your friendship will soon be broken.

 

It will cause a quarrel if knives are crossed at the table.

 

It is bad luck to close a pocket knife unless you were the one who opened it.

 

Knife falls, gentleman calls;
Fork falls, lady calls;
Spoon falls, baby calls
.

KNITTING

It's bad luck to leave a project unfinished. The intended recipient will get bad luck from the unfinished item.

 

Stabbing your needles though your yarn balls brings bad luck to anyone who wears something made from that yarn.

 

Don't knit a pair of socks for your boyfriend or he'll walk away from you.

 

If you knit one of your own hairs into a garment, it will bind the recipient to you.

 

Knitting for children you may have in the future, but before you are pregnant, is bad luck (it may prevent one from getting pregnant, or bring ill health to the baby).

LADDER

It is bad luck to walk under a ladder.

LADYBUG

If a young girl catches a ladybug and then releases it, the direction in which it flies away will be the direction from which her future husband will come.

 

It is bad luck to kill a ladybug.

 

Ladybug, ladybug, fly away home.
Your house is on fire,
Your children all roam
.

LEAF

If you catch a falling leaf on the first day of autumn you will not catch a cold all winter.

LETTUCE

Lettuce is believed to have magical and healing properties, including the power to arouse love and counteract the effects of wine.

 

Lettuce promotes child bearing if eaten by young women, and certain types of salad can bring on labor in pregnant women.

LIE

Cross my heart and hope to die,
Cut my throat if I tell a lie.

LIZARD

To dream of a lizard is a sign that you have a secret enemy.

MANDRAKE

Mandrake is a mysterious plant believed to have powers of preventing sterility in men and animals, causing barren women to bear children, and compelling love.

 

Mandrake is thought to have aphrodisiac and fertilizing properties.

 

Clairvoyants use mandrake to increase their visions to enable them to see strange and wonderful things.

MILK

It's bad luck to let milk boil over.

MIRROR

To break a mirror means 7 years bad luck.

 

It is unlucky to see your face in a mirror by candlelight.

 

A mirror should be covered during a thunderstorm because it attracts lightning.

 

If a mirror in the house falls and breaks by itself, someone in the house will die soon.

MISTLETOE

Mistletoe in the house protects it from thunder and lightning. It also cures many diseases, is an antidote to poison and brings good luck and fertility.

 

A girl standing under a mistletoe cannot refuse to be kissed by anyone who claims the privilege.

MOTH

A white moth inside the house or trying to enter the house means death.

NOSE

If your nose itches, someone is coming to see you. If it's the right nostril, the visitor will be a female, left nostril, male.

NUMBERS

See each individual number alphabetically.

ONION

An onion cut in half and placed under the bed of a sick person will draw off fever and poisons.

 

A wish will come true if you make it while burning onions.

OPAL

Unless you were born in October, it's unlucky to wear opals.

OWL

It is bad luck to see an owl in the sunlight.

PENCIL

If you use the same pencil to take a test that you used for studying for the test, the pencil will remember the answers.

PEPPER

If you spill pepper you will have a serious argument with your best friend.

PHOTOGRAPH

If 3 people are photographed together, the one in the middle will die first.

RABBIT'S FOOT

A rabbit's foot will bring luck and protect the owner from evil spirits if carried in the pocket.

RAINBOW

A rainbow in the Eastern sky,
The morrow will be fine and dry.
A rainbow in the West that gleams,
Rain tomorrow falls in streams.

RAVEN

To kill a raven is to harm the spirit of King Arthur who visits the world in the form of a raven.

RED

A red ribbon should be placed on a child who has been sick to keep the illness from returning.

ROBIN

A wish made upon seeing the first robin in spring will come true - but only if you complete the wish before the robin flies away.

ROCKING CHAIR

If you leave a rocking chair rocking when empty, it invites evil spirits to come into your house to sit in the rocking chair.

ROSEMARY

Rosemary planted by the doorstep will keep witches away.

SALT

Bad luck will follow the spilling of salt unless a pinch is thrown over the left shoulder into the face of the devil waiting there.

 

Put salt on the doorstep of a new house and no evil can enter.

 

Salty soup is a sign that the cook is in love.

SCISSORS

If you drop scissors, it means your lover is being unfaithful to you.

SEA GULL

Three seagulls flying together, directly overhead, are a warning of death soon to come.

SEVEN

To break a mirror brings seven years of bad luck. The cure: to bury the pieces, or run them in a stream.

The seventh son of a seventh son has magic powers, according to Irish folklore, but is a vampire in Romanian legend.

SHOES

Do not place shoes upon a table, for this will bring bad luck for the day, cause trouble with your mate and you might even lose your job as a result.

 

It's bad luck to leave shoes upside down.

SINGING

If you sing before seven, you will cry before eleven.

SLEEP

You sleep best with your head to the north and your feet to the south.

SNEEZE

Place a hand in front of your mouth when sneezing. Your soul may escape otherwise.

 

The devil can enter your body when you sneeze. Having someone say, "God bless you," drives the devil away.

 

If you sneeze on a Monday, you sneeze for danger;
Sneeze on a Tuesday, kiss a stranger;
Sneeze on a Wednesday, sneeze for a letter;
Sneeze on a Thursday, something better;
Sneeze on a Friday, sneeze for sorrow;
Sneeze on a Saturday, see your sweetheart tomorrow.
Sneeze on a Sunday, and the devil will have domination over you all week.

 

One for sorrow
Two for joy
Three for a letter
Four for a boy.
Five for silver
Six for gold
Seven for a secret, never to be told

SPARROW

Sparrows carry the souls of the dead, it's unlucky to kill one.

SPIDER

Seeing a spider run down a web in the afternoon means you'll take a trip.

 

A spider is a repellent against plague when worn around the neck in a walnut shell.

STARS

All wishes on shooting stars come true.

 

Star light, star bright
First star I see tonight,
I wish I may, I wish I might
Have the wish I wish tonight.

SWAN

A swan's feather, sewed into the husband's pillow, will ensure fidelity.

THIRTEEN

If 13 people sit down at a table to eat, one of them will die before the year is over.

FRIDAY THE 13TH - how is fear of the number thirteen demonstrated?

 

More than 80 percent of high-rises lack a 13th floor.

 

Many airports skip the 13th gate.

 

Airplanes have no 13th aisle.

 

Hospitals and hotels regularly have no room number 13.

 

Italians omit the number 13 from their national lottery.

 

On streets in Florence, Italy, the house between number 12 and 14 is addressed as 12 and a half.

 

Many cities do not have a 13th Street or a 13th Avenue

 

Many triskaidekaphobia, as those who fear the unlucky integer are known, point to the ill-fated mission to the moon, Apollo 13.

 

If you have 13 letters in your name, you will have the devil's luck . Jack the Ripper, Charles Manson, Jeffrey Dahmer, Theodore Bundy and Albert De Salvo all have 13 letters in their names.

TONGUE

If you bite your tongue while eating, it is because you have recently told a lie.

UMBRELLA

Dropping an umbrella on the floor means that there will be a murder in the house.

 

It's bad luck to open an umbrella inside the house, especially if you put it over your head.

VALENTINE'S
DAY

If a woman sees a robin flying overhead on Valentine's Day, it means she will marry a sailor. If she sees a sparrow, she will marry a poor man and be very happy. If she sees a goldfinch, she will marry a millionaire.

VEIL

A bride's veil protects her from evil spirits who are jealous of happy people.

WATERMELON

A watermelon will grow in your stomach if you swallow a watermelon seed.

WEATHER

Red sky at night,
Sailor's delight.
Red sky at morning
Sailors take warning

 

Rain, rain, go away,
Come again another day.
Rain on the green grass
Rain on the hillside,
But not on me.

WOOD

Knock three times on wood after mentioning good fortune so evil spirits won't ruin it.

WINDOW

All windows should be opened at the moment of death so that the soul can leave.

WISH

If you make a wish while throwing a coin into a well or fountain, the wish will come true.

 

Wish I may,
Wish I might
Have the wish I wish tonight.

 

If you tell someone your wish, it won't come true.

WISHBONE

Two people pull apart the dried breastbone of a chicken or turkey until it cracks and breaks, each one making a wish while doing so. The person who gets the long half of the wishbone will have his or her wish come true.

X

The number of Xs in the palm of your right hand is the number of children you will have.

YAWN

A yawn is a sign that danger is near.

 

Cover your mouth when you yawn, or your soul can go out of your body along with the yawn.

Superstitions about Death

BIRD

A bird in the house is a sign of a death.

 

If a robin flies into a room through a window, death will shortly follow.

CANDLE

Light candles on the night after November 1. One for each deceased relative should be placed in the window in the room where death occurred.

CEMETERY

You must hold your breath while going past a cemetery or you will breathe in the spirit of someone who has recently died.

CLOCK

If a clock which has not been working suddenly chimes, there will be a death in the family.

 

You will have bad luck if you do not stop the clock in the room where someone dies.

CORPSE

If a woman is buried in black, she will return to haunt the family.

 

If a dead person's eyes are left open, he'll find someone to take with him.

 

Mirrors in a house with a corpse should be covered or the person who sees himself will die next.

DOG

Dogs howling in the dark of night,
Howl for death before daylight.

DREAMS

If you dream of death it's a sign of a birth, if you dream of birth, it's a sign of death.

 

If you touch a loved one who has died, you won't have dreams about them

DYING

A person who dies on Good Friday will go right to heaven.

 

A person who dies at midnight on Christmas Eve will go straight to heaven because the gates of heaven are open at that time.

 

All windows should be opened at the moment of death so that the soul can leave.

 

The soul of a dying person can't escape the body and go to heaven if any locks are locked in the house.

EYE

If the left eye twitches there will soon be a death in the family.

 

If a dead person's eyes are left open, he'll find someone to take with him.

FUNERAL

Funerals on Friday portend another death in the family during the year.

 

It's bad luck to count the cars in a funeral cortege.

 

It's bad luck to meet a funeral procession head on.

 

Thunder following a funeral means that the dead person's soul has reached heaven.

 

Nothing new should be worn to a funeral, especially new shoes.

 

Pointing at a funeral procession will cause you to die within the month

 

Pregnant women should not attend funerals.

MIRROR

If a mirror in the house falls and breaks by itself, someone in the house will die soon.

MOTH

A white moth inside the house or trying to enter the house means death.

PHOTOGRAPH

If 3 people are photographed together, the one in the middle will die first.

THIRTEEN

If 13 people sit down at a table to eat, one of them will die before the year is over.

UMBRELLA

Dropping an umbrella on the floor means that there will be a murder in the house.

Superstitions about Weddings
Wedding Day Superstitions and Traditions

BRIDAL SHOWER

The first gift the bride opens should be the first gift she uses.

 

Everything the bride says as she opens her gifts will be repeated on her wedding night. Someone should be assigned to write down these comments during the shower.

 

The person who gives the third gift to be opened will soon have a baby.

 

Save the ribbons from the shower gifts to make a mock bouquet to be used at the wedding rehearsal.

WEDDING DAY

Certain days of the week, and certain months of the year are better than others for a wedding.

 

Monday for health,
Tuesday for wealth,
Wednesday best of all,
Thursday for losses,
Friday for crosses,
Saturday for no luck at all

 

Married when the year is new, he'll be loving, kind & true,
When February birds do mate, You neither wed nor dread your fate.
If you wed when March winds blow, joy and sorrow both you'll know.
Marry in April when you can, Joy for Maiden & for Man.
Marry in the month of May, and you'll surely rue the day.
Marry when June roses grow, over land and sea you'll go.
Those who in July do wed must labour for their daily bred.
Whoever wed in August be, many a change is sure to see
Marry in September's shrine, your living will be rich and fine.
If in October you do marry, love will come but riches tarry.
If you wed in bleak November, only joys will come, remember.
When December snows fall fast, marry and true love will last.

FOR A LUCKY BRIDE

Something old,
Something new,
Something borrowed,
Something blue,
And a lucky sixpence
In her shoe.

 

Married in White, you have chosen right
Married in Grey, you will go far away,
Married in Black, you will wish yourself back,
Married in Red, you will wish yourself dead,
Married in Green, ashamed to be seen,
Married in Blue, you will always be true,
Married in Pearl, you will live in a whirl,
Married in Yellow, ashamed of your fellow,
Married in Brown, you will live in the town,
Married in Pink, you spirit will sink.

WEDDING DAY

 

Good Omens:

seeing a rainbow
having the sun shine
meeting a black cat
meeting a chimney sweep

WEDDING DAY

 

Bad Omens:

a pig, hare, or lizard running across the road
seeing an open grave
meeting a nun or a monk foretell barrenness

OTHER BELIEFS

If the groom drops the wedding band during the ceremony, the marriage is doomed.

 

The new bride must enter her home by the main door, and must not trip or fall - hence the custom of carrying the bride over the threshold.

 

The spouse who goes to sleep first on the wedding day will be the first to die.

WEDDING CAKE

If a single woman sleeps with a piece of wedding cake under her pillow, she will dream of her future husband.


IV. Quiz “How superstitious are you?

SUPERSTITION YES NO

  1. Are you afraid of black cats?



  1. Have you got a lucky number?



  1. Do you believe in ghosts?



  1. Do you often read your horoscope?



  1. Do you believe it’s a bad luck to break a mirror?



  1. Do you believe in palmistry?



  1. Have you ever made a wish on a New Year’s Day?



  1. Have you got a talisman or a lucky object?



  1. Have you ever changed your plans because of a bad dream?



  1. Do you believe that Friday 13th is the unluckiest day of all?



  1. Do you believe it’s bad luck to open an umbrella in the house?



  1. Is there a day of the week which is lucky or unlucky for you?





Your scoring:

Less than 4: You are not superstitious at all. That's very unusual. Are you sure you answered all your questions honestly?


Between 4 and 12: You are a practical person. You don't believe in things other people do. But you probably wouldn't be happy to sit for an important exam on Friday 13th.


Between 12 and 24: For you, the superstitions of today may well be the facts of tomorrow. You probably believe in horoscopes and palmistry, ghosts and flying saucers.


43 students took part in this quiz .

6 students are not superstitious at all. 14%

25 students are practical. 58%

12 students are superstitious. 28%








Краткое описание документа:

People have believed in superstitions from the dawn of time. Pre-historic man feared great natural powers, and  that he did not understand, and related them to the gods, spirits, good and evil forces that control the world. from that time superstitions were born. Over the years, man’s beliefs changed, but they did not disappear. Many have been preserved to this day, and some  have been forgotten and have disappeared.Цель работы: выявить различия и сходства между русскими и британскими приметами и суевериями.Объект исследования: приметы и суеверия.Предмет исследования: сходства и различия русских и британских примет и суеверий.Гипотеза исследования: мы предполагаем, что суеверность конкретного народа зависит от его социально-культурных особенностей (уровня жизни, образования, исторических корней и др.).
Автор
Дата добавления 29.03.2014
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
Просмотров652
Номер материала 47105032942
Получить свидетельство о публикации

Выберите специальность, которую Вы хотите получить:

Обучение проходит дистанционно на сайте проекта "Инфоурок".
По итогам обучения слушателям выдаются печатные дипломы установленного образца.

ПЕРЕЙТИ В КАТАЛОГ КУРСОВ

Похожие материалы

Включите уведомления прямо сейчас и мы сразу сообщим Вам о важных новостях. Не волнуйтесь, мы будем отправлять только самое главное.
Специальное предложение
Вверх