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Инфоурок Иностранные языки ПрезентацииThe difference between the state system of RF and the UK

The difference between the state system of RF and the UK

Курс профессиональной переподготовки
Учитель английского языка
Курс профессиональной переподготовки
Учитель немецкого языка
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 1  слайд. I would like to tell you about The difference between the state system of RF and UK 2 слайд-  The United Kingdom of Great Britain is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch. Queen Elizabeth II, as head of State. 3 слайд - The Russian Federative Republic is set up by the Constitution of 1993. Under the Constitution Russia is a Presidential Republic. 4 слайд- The organs of government are: Parliament, the executive and the judiciary, the legislature. ( UK) 5 слайд- The federal government consists of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. Each of them is checked and balanced by the President. 6 слайд - Parliament, is the supreme authority. It comprises two chambers — the House of Lords and the House of Commons — together with the Queen in her constitutional role. The Government derives its authority from the elected House of Commons. A general election, for all seats in the House of Commons, must be held at least every five years. The Government is normally formed by the political party which is supported by the majority in the House of Commons. The party’s leader is appointed Prime Minister by the Queen and chooses a team of ministers, of whom 20-or so are in the Cabinet. The second largest party becomes the Official Opposition with its own leader and «Shadow Cabinet». The House of Commons comprises members from the constituencies in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland who represent people whose history and traditions differ. The House of Lords is a hereditary Chamber. 7 слайд - The legislative power is vested in the Federal Assembly. It consists of two chambers. The Upper Chamber is the Council of Federation. The Lower Chamber is the State Duma (a Constituent Assembly). Each Chamber is headed by a speaker. Legislature may be initiated in either of the two Chambers. But to become a law a bell must be approved by both chambers and signed by the President. The President may veto the bill. The President serves as commander-in-chief of the armed forces, he makes treates, enforces federal laws, appoints members of the executive departments to be approved by the Federal Assembly. The members of the Federal Assembly are elected by popular vote for a four- year period. 8 слайд -The executive consists of the central Government — that is the Prime Minister and Cabinet and other ministers, who are responsible for initiating and directing the national policy government departments, local authorities and public corporations. The judiciary determines common law arid interprets status and is independent of both the legislature and the executive. 9 слайд -The executive power belongs to the Government which is headed by the Prime Minister. The first action of the Prime Minister on appointment is to choose the Ministers who are responsible for framing Government policy. The judicial branch is represented by the Constitutional Court. 10 слайд- In Great Britain there is no written constitution, only customs, traditions and precedents. The national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the most obvious symbol of the United Kingdom. It is called the Union Jack. »Jack» is an old word which means «sailor». It explaines the name of the flag. King James Ш (1566-1622) ordered the Union Flag to be flown on the main mast of all British ships, except for the ships of war. So the flag was flown at the front of the ships. Union Jack is a mixture of several overlaid flags. It combines three flags representing England, Scotland and Ireland. These flags are the crosses of the Patron Saint of England (St. George's Cross — red cross on a white ground), the flag of the Patron Saint of Scotland (St. Andrew's Cross — white diagonal cross on a blue ground) and the flag of the Patron Saint of Nothern Ireland (St. Patrick's Cross — red diagonal on a white ground). «Джек» - это старое слово, которое означает «моряк». Это объясняет, имя флага. Король Джеймс Ш (1566-1622) приказал Союза Флаг будет вывешен на главной мачте всех английских кораблей, за исключением военных кораблей. Так что флаг был поднят на фронте кораблей. 11 слайд -Today the state symbol of  Russia is a three coloured banner. It has three horizontal stripes: white, blue and red. The white stripe symbolizes the earth, the blue one stands for the sky, and the red one symbolizes liberty. It was the first state symbol that replaced the fever symbols in 1991. The hymn of Russia is «The Patriotic Song» by M. Glinka. A new national emblem is a two-headed eagle. It is the most ancient symbol of Russia. It originates from the heraldic emblem of the Ryricovitchies. So far all these symbols are unofficial. They have not been approved by the Federal Assembly. In conclusion I would like to say that each country has its own state system. It’s unique.   
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