Grade: 11 «Ә Date: 14.12.13 Theme: Welcome to Australia Objectives of the lesson: SWBAT have general information about Australia, discuss using the Present & Past Simple Passives and topical vocabulary
Type of the lesson: new Methods: video guide, reading, visual teaching, question-answer, test Visual aids: computer presentation, sheets of paper with tasks
Procedure: I. Organization moment a) greeting b) checking up the attendance II. Warm up T: For a start look at the screen and try to guess which continent has got all these nicknames.(The answer is Australia.) The aim of today’s lesson is to have general information about Australia: its location, climate, administrative division, population, some facts of its history. Do you know where Australia is situated? What water bodies is it washed by? (Australia is situated in the Southern Hemisphere. It is washed by the Pacific Ocean in the east and the Indian Ocean in the west.) What is the capital city? (It’s Canberra.)
III. Main stage a) Presentation 1.Video presentation 2.Vocabulary presentation
multicultural [́ ́΄mΛlti‚kΛlt∫әl] - әр түрлі мәдениетті varied [‘vεәrid] - әр түрлі, түрлі - түрлі to keep a track [ki:p ә træk] - бақылау to laugh [ ‘la:f] - күлу property [‘propәti] - мүлік (меншікті ) coat of arms [‘kout әv a:mz] - елтаңба unique [ju:’ni:k] - жалғыз,дара,бірден- бір,өте сирек wicket [‘wikit] - есікше weapon [‘wepәn] - қару to gain [gein] - алу,жеңу Commonwealth [‘komәnwelθ] – мемлекет, федерация equator [i'kweitә] – экватор hemisphere ['hemisfiә] - жарты шар to claim [kleim] – талап ету, іздеу settler [setlә]- қоныстанушы outback [autbæk] –аз қоныстанған аудан
Australia is called the land down under because it is below the Equator. It is one of the seven continents of the world. It is also an independent country , the word’s largest island and the smallest continent. Australia is the flattest continent after Antarctica. It is also the world’s driest continent. It’s an island of 7.7 million square kilometres and the sixth largest country in the world.
The first people to live in Australia were aborigines. Aboriginal means first. Today there are still aborigines in Australia. Some live on reservations, some live on ranches (called stations or property) or in cities. You can see some examples of their beautiful art if you visit Australia. The aborigines love music. They sing and play their instruments. When they dance they put colours on their faces, arms and legs.
Australia is a multicultural society. People from about 200 nations live there. Most people live in or near cities. They speak English. Australia’s official language is English.
Australia is made up of six states and two territories. They are New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory. It is about the size of the United States (not including Alaska.) 18.3 million people live there. Canberra is the capital of Australia.
The climate in Australia is varied. It is situated in the Southern Hemisphere. That’s why it has summer when we have winter. January is the hottest month in Australia.
The middle part of the country is called the outback. The outback does not get very much rain and is very dry. Not very many people live in the outback.
In the outback, there are some sheep and cattle ranches (property.) There are about ten times more sheep than people in Australia. Sheep are raised for wool and for meat. Stations are very big. Some stations are so big they have to use planes to keep track of the animals.
There are many interesting animals in Australia. When the kookaburra calls, it sounds like a laugh. There are 50 species of kangaroo. The koala is the best loved of all Australian animals. The emu is big and cannot fly. The kangaroo and emu can be seen on Australia’s coat of arms.
Captain James Cook claimed Australia for England in 1770. It was first used as a prison colony by the English. The first free settlers landed in Sydney in 1793. Today Sydney is Australia's largest city. The Sydney Opera House is one of the most unique buildings in the world.
Australia's national sport is Cricket. Cricket is a little bit like our baseball but it is played with eleven players and wickets. Australia won the Cricket World Cup in 1999 and 2003. Another favorite sport in Australia is Australian Rules Football. It is a little bit like soccer and rugby. Rugby and soccer are also extremely popular. Australia is also famous for the boomerang. The aborigines used the boomerang as a weapon. Today children use it as a toy.
In 1901 Australia became a nation within the British Empire under Queen Victoria’s rule. It was called the Commonwealth of Australia. In 1931 Australia gained its independence from Great Britain.
b) Practice 1.Reading practice
2. Grammar Practice
The Passive Voice
Use: when we don’t know who does/did the action when we aren’t interested in who does/did the action . when it’s obvious who does/did the action for formality and impersonal style
to be + past participle (V3/Ved)
Put the verbs in the brackets using the present simple & past simple passive: 1.Australia ------------ in the Southern Hemisphere. (locate) 2.The capital of Australia ---------- Canberra. (call) 3.Tasmania --------- from the continent of Australia. (separate) 4.The Olympic Games ------- in Melbourne in 1956. (hold) 5.About a quarter of the population -------- overseas. (bear)
Turn the sentences into the passive: 1.The aborigines love music. 2.You can see some examples of beautiful art. 3.Australians speak English. 4.Captain James Cook discovered Australia in 1770. 5.The Pacific Ocean washes the continent in the east. 6. The aborigines greeted the first settlers in 1793. 7. Australia gained its independence from Great Britain in 1931.
What Do You Know about Australia?
1.When did Capitan Cook discover Australia?
a)1788 b)1770 c)1779
2.Which is/are popular Australia animal(s)?
a) Koala b)Kangaroo c) Emu d) all of the above
3.What is the official language in Australia?
a) French b) German c) English
4.What is the capital of Australia?
a) Sydney b) Melbourne c) Canberra
5. Where is the famous Opera Theatre situated?
a) In Sydney b) in Melbourne c) in Canberra
6. What can you do during your vacation in Australia
a) sea cruises in yachts and motor launches
b) fishing c) windsurfing and play golf d) all of the above
7. What else you can you do when you get tired?
a) enjoy the picturesque of the coastal mountains from a sports plane
b) go diving c) watch life underwater d) all of the above
(Check yourself: 1.b 2.d 3.c 4.c 5.a 6.d 7.d )
The Continent of Australia
Age : the oldest continent
Size: the smallest continent
Climate: the second driest continent
Relief: the flattest continent
Population: the least populated continent
The Commonwealth of Australia New South Wales – Sydney Victoria - Melbourne Queensland – Brisbane Western Australia – Perth South Australia – Adelaide Tasmania – Hobart The Australian Capital Territory – Canberra Northern Territory – Darwin
V. Ending the lesson a) evaluation b) giving the homework: to retell about Australia c) saying goodbye
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