Урок-путешествия «Welcome to ENGLAND!»
Цель: организация иноязычного общения и расширение страноведческого кругозора студентов.
активизировать в речи студентов изученные ЛЕ по теме “Travelling”;
развивать умения в монологической речи, а также устной подготовленной речи;
Развитие памяти и внимания.
Развитие навыков аудирования.
Развитие навыка поискового чтения.
Воспитание патриотизма и любви к чужой стране.
Воспитание уважения к культуре другого народа .
Формирование культуры речи.
Тип урока: урок -экскурсия
Оборудование: компьютер, интерактивная доска, слайды, стенгазета.
1. Организационный момент и приветствие.
Teacher: Good afternoon, dear students and teachers! I am glad to see you ! Today is the 9th of October , Thursday, and we have met here to speak about travelling. Our traveling to England is over. We have learned a lot of interesting things about London and its history. We have visited the most famous places in London. Today we are going on a journey to England. I’ll be your guide.
2 . Slide 1,2,3.Great Britain
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the UK) occupies most of the territory of the British Isles. It consists of four main parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. London is the capital of England, Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland, Cardiff— of Wales and Belfast — of Northern Ireland. The UK is a small country with an area of some 244,100 square kilometres. It occupies only 0.2 per cent of the world's land surface. It is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the north-west, north and south-west and separated from Europe by the North Sea in the east and by the
English Channel in the south. The Strait of Dover or Pas de Calais is the narrowest part of the Channel. The North Sea and
the English Channel are often called "the narrow seas"; they are not deep but are frequently rough.
Slide 4,5,6.The United Kingdom flag was officially adopted on January 1, 1801.
Slide 7-11. Trafalgar Square.
There are always a lot of people and pigeons on the square.
Every winter there is a big Christmas tree which is a gift from Norway in the middle of the square.
On New Year’s Eve people gather around the tree.
In the middle of the square there is Admiral Nelson’s Column.
Slide 12-15. Buckingham Palace
This is the Queen’s home.
It was built in 1703.
There is a great collection of paintings.
Slide 16-26. Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II's full name is Elizabeth Alexandra Mary. She was born on April 21, 1926. She never went to school and was taught by home tutors. In 1947 she married Prince Philip; he was created Duke of Edinburgh. A year later she gave birth to a son, Charles. In 1950 she gave a birth to a daughter, Anne. Elizabeth succeeded to the throne after the death of her father in February in 1952. Her second son, Andrew, was born in 1960 and the third, Edward, in 1964.
Slide 27-29. Westminster Abbey.
This is a holy place.
All English kings have been crowned and buried in the church since 1308.
Slide 30-33. Westminster Cathedral
It was built between 1895 and 1903.
This is the seat of the Cardinal Archbishop and the leading Roman Catholic Church in England.
Its bell tower is 84 metres high.
Slide 34 The Houses of Parliament
This big palace is the most famous building in the world – the British Parliament.
The building is 280 metres long.
There are more than 1000 rooms.
Slide 35-42. Big Ben
Big Ben, the big clock tower, is the symbol of London. It strikes hours.
Slide 43. Tower
The Tower of London has been a fortress, a palace, an arsenal, a mint, a prison, an observatory, a zoo, the home of the Crown Jewels and a tourist attraction.
Slide 44-45. Imperial State Crown
The Tower’s greatest treasure is the Imperial State Crown.
There are 2 800 diamonds on it.
Slide 46-49. Beefeaters
The quards of the Tower are called Beefeaters.
The legend says that if the ravens leave, the Tower and the country will fall.
Slide 50-57. Tower Bridge
The most famous bridge in London is a Tower bridge. Tower Bridge is a bascule-bridge.
The bascules will open to let ships pass through.
Slide 58. St. Paul’s Cathedral
St.Paul’s Cathedral is a famous building too.
Prince Charles and Princess Diana married here in 1981.
Slide 59-64. Madame Tussauds Waxmuseum
Here you can see famous people, good and bad, made of wax.
This is Marie TUSSAUD (Marie GROSHOLZ)/ (1.12.1761 - 16.4.1850).
Slide 65-66. Double-deckers
There are big red buses called double-deckers in London.
People sit upstairs and downstairs on these buses.
Tourists like them very much.
Slide 67. Taxis
Taxis in London are old-fashioned black cars.
Slide 68. Telephone booths
Slide 69-72. River Thames
Thames flows through London.
The River Thames is 338 km long.
It is 245 m wide here.
Even big seaships can visit London.
Slide 73-75. Stonehenge
The Stonehenge stone circles are in England. People transported the first stones to this place about 5000 years ago. We don't know a lot about Stonehenge. Who built it? How did they build it? Why did they build it? It's a mystery.
People built Stonehenge with bluestones and sarsen stones. There were about 80 bluestones. They came from mountains 250 kilometers away. They are very heavy – some weigh about 4 metric tons. The sarsen stones are even bigger and heavier. About 4000 years ago, people transported them from 30 kilometers away.
How did people use Stonehenge? Maybe they used it as a cemetery or a place for studying the sun and the stars. Maybe it was also a temple. It's still a special place for some people today. Every year, on June 21st, lots of people go to Stonehenge to celebrate the longest day of the year.
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