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The Lincoln Memorial was built to honor Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States. Surrounding the monument are 36 marble columns representing the 36 states of the Union at the time of Abraham Lincoln's death. Inside the monument is a 19 foot white marble statue of Abraham Lincoln. On the walls are etched the words of his Gettysburg Address calling for unity of the country, "that government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth." Also on the walls are the words of his Second Inaugural Address and murals portraying national unity and the freeing of the slaves.
Carved into the granite wall of Mount Rushmore are the faces of 4 presidents: Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. These presidents symbolize the United States ideals: Washington standing for independence; Jefferson for democracy; Lincoln for equality; and, Roosevelt for the role in world affairs. Gutzon Borglum, a Danish sculptor, and a crew of over 360 people carved the monument from 1927 to 1941. The faces measure 60 feet from chin to top of head, and would be 465 feet tall if the whole bodies were built to this scale
The National Air and Space Museum has many of the airplanes and space craft. Hanging from the ceiling is the world's first airplane built by the Wright brothers. Also there is Charles Lindbergh's "Spirit of St. Louis" which was the first airplane to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. On the space front, there are many things from early space flights, including the Friendship 7 which was rode by John Glenn when he became the first America in space. There are also many of the early space rockets, and other space equipment such as the sky lab.
The Statue of Liberty is one of the best known American landmarks. It was a gift to the United States from France to commemorate their alliance during the American Revolution. It is located in the New York harbor near Ellis Island. The statue welcomed new immigrants to the United States who entered the country through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1954. The statue is 111 feet, 1 inch tall and made from 225 tons of copper. It was given to the people of the United States by France on July 4, 1884 to commemorate the 100 anniversary of the American Revolution. It was dedicated on October 28, 1886.
War Memorials The Iwo Jima Memorial honors the U.S. Marine and Navy corpsmen at the battle of Iwo Jima at the end of the Second World War. The statue is based on Joe Rosenthal's Pulitzer Prize winning photograph of five marines and a navy corpsman raising an American flag on Mount Suribachi during the battle of Iwo Jima. The Vietnam Memorial was built to honor the soldiers who died in the Vietnam War. It is a large black stone wall. On the wall are etched the names of all the United States soldiers who died in the Vietnam War.
The Whitehouse is the home of the United States president. It has been the home for every U.S. president, except George Washington. Construction was started on October 13, 1792, on a site selected by George Washington. The house was not completed until 1800, when President John Adams moved in. The original home was burned by the British in 1814, during the War of 1812. The house was rebuilt and painted white to cover its fire-blackened walls. This is how it got the name the Whitehouse.
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