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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Презентации / Урок по теме «Великобритания» в 8 классе.
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  • Иностранные языки

Урок по теме «Великобритания» в 8 классе.

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Урок английского языка в 8-м классе.

Цели урока:

обобщить лингвострановедческий материал по указанной теме; углубить и расширить знания по теме.

Обучающая - обучение навыкам говорения по теме “Великобритания”, формирование лексических навыков, обучение аудированию.

Практическая - формирование речевой компетенции-совершенствование коммуникативных умений в четырех основных видах речевой деятельности (говорении, аудировании, чтении и письме).

Воспитательная - воспитывать уважение к культуре, истории, традициям страны, изучаемого языка.

Развивающая - развитие социокультурной компетенции — увеличение объема знаний о специфике страны изучаемого языка, развитие памяти и речевых навыков по теме, развитие речемыслительной деятельности, расширение кругозора обучающихся.

Задачи урока:

  • познакомить учащихся сo страной изучаемого языка.

  • расширить и закрепить лингвострановедческие знания;

  • научить учащихся монологическим высказываниям, научить рассуждать по заданной теме;

  • развивать интерес к учебно-познавательной деятельности на английском языке;

  • развивать умение учебного сотрудничества на уроке.

Оборудование:

Мультимедийное оборудование, презентации по теме «Великобритания», презентация с вопросами и тестами для проверки.

Ход урока:

1. Организационный момент. Вступительное слово учителя.

- Good morning, boys and girls. How are you today? Good! Let's start our English lesson. So, the task is to brush up our knowledge about English and Great Britain, about London and its sightseeing. But what English speaking countries do you know?

- Yes, that’s right. They are the UK, Canada, the USA, Australia and New Zealand. But today’s lesson will be about Great Britain. Please, look at the active board. (Slide 1)



2. Основная часть.

- Let`s listen to our student about Great Britain.

(Slide 2) The United Kingdom of G.B. and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consists of two large islands, G.B. and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometers.

- (Slide 3-4) The UK is made up of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. GB consists of England, Scotland and Wales and doesn't include Northern Ireland. The capital of the UK is London.

- (Slide 5) The British Isles are separated from European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of GB is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. The surface of the British Isles varies very much. The north of Scotland is mountainous and is called the Highlands, while the south with its beautiful valleys and plains is called the Lowlands.

- (Slide 6) There are a lot of rivers in GB, but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the most important one.

- Another student will tell us about the Weather.

- (Slide 7-8) The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of the Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles. The weather in GB is very changeable. A fine morning can change into a wet afternoon and evening and vice versa. The English people say: "Other countries have a climate; in England we have weather." The English also say that they have three variants of weather: when it rains in the morning, when it rains in the afternoon or when it rains all day long. The weather is the favorite conversational topic in GB. After they greet each other they start talking about the weather. The best time of the year in GB is spring (of course, it rains in spring too). The two worst months in Britain are January and February. They are cold, damp and unpleasant. The best place in the world then is at home by the big fire. Summer months are rather cold and there can be a lot of rainy days. The most unpleasant aspect of English weather is fog and smog. This is extremely bad in big cities especially in London. The fog spreads everywhere so cars move along slowly and people can't see each other. They try not to be run over by a car but still accidents are frequent in the fog.

- (Slide 10) Look at the pictures.

- Let’s read some interesting facts about the Union Flag of GB (Slide 11-12)

(reading aloud – чтение вслух)

The Union Jack

This is the popular name given it the flag of the Great Britain. Actually it is called the Union Flag and it is a mixture of several flags. It all began in 1606 when Scotland was joined to England and Wales. The Scottish flag (St. Andrew's Cross), which is blue with a white cross from corner to corner, was joined to the English Flag (St. George's Cross), with a red cross. The flag of St. George can still be seen on churches in England. Later, in 1801, when Ireland was joined to the union, as it is called, the Irish Flag of St. Patrick’s Cross was added, white with a red cross from corner to corner.

In this way the British people got the Union Flag which is red, white and blue. King James The Third (1566-1622) ordered that the Union Flag should be flown on the main mast of all British ships, except on ships of war.

Here the flag was flown at the front of the bowsprit. The end of the bowsprit was called the Jack Star and so we get the name of Union Jack. A "jack", by the way, is an old word for a sailor.

The Union Jack is also on the flags of Australia and New Zealand.

-What can you say about the Union Jack now?

Pupil: The British flag, the Union Jack, is a combination of three flags: the Saint George's cross, the Saint Andrew's cross and the Saint Patrick's cross. They represent England, Scotland and Ireland. Wales isn’t represented in the Union Flag: the Welsh have their own flag.

-That’s right. Do you remember the capitals of all countries? Now please match the capitals with its countries. (slide 17)

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-Great job! Our student has prepared some pictures about the symbols of these countries. Look at the Board, please. (Slide 18)



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- (presentation 2)I think it’s time to summarize all the information we’ve learnt on the \ lesson and do the final test:

Quiz

Which answer is correct?



1) When do the Irish celebrate St. Patrick's Day?

1 April

17 March

31 October

5 November



2) What do they celebrate in Britain on 5th November?

Guy Fawkes Night

Halloween

Notting Hill Carnival

St. Patrick's Day



3) What do they celebrate in Britain on 5th November?

Guy Fawkes Night

Halloween

Notting Hill Carnival

St. Patrick's Day



4) What is the capital of the Republic of Ireland?

Belfast

Cardiff

Dublin

London



5) In which town is Hyde Park?

Dublin

London

New York

San Francisco



6) Who invented the sandwich?

Earl of Sandwich

George Washington

King Henry VIII

Queen Victoria



7) What is the highest mountain in the United Kingdom?

Ben Macdhui

Ben Nevis

Scafell Pike

Snowdon



8) Where in the UK is the Lake District?

England

Northern Ireland

Scotland

Wales



-Questions about Great Britain.(Slide 6)



  1. Name the seas surrounding the British Isles. (The Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the Irish Sea and the English Chanel)

  2. Name the four separate countries which make up Britain?( England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland)

  3. Which country accounts for just over half of the total square miles of the United Kingdom? (England)

  4. Name Britain's main rivers. (Severn, Thames, Humber, Tees, Tyne, Tweed, Avon, Exe and Mersey)

  5. Which British country is divided roughly into two areas, and has nearly 800 islands? (Scotland)

  6. Standing at 4,406 feet, which is Scotland's highest mountain? (Ben Nevis)

  7. What is the United Kingdom’s largest lake?(Lough Neagh, in Northern Ireland)

  8. What is the unpleasant aspect of the English weather? (Fog)

  9. What trees are typical for the forests of Great Britain?  (Oak, beech, pine, elm, ash, birch)

  10. Who is the Head of State in Great Britain? (The Queen)

  11. What do you know about the Whitehall in London? (It is the street in the central part of London, where government offices are)

  12. What is the most ancient historic monument in London? (It is the Tower of London, which was a fortress, a prison, and a Royal palace)



Good job! And now we are going to watch a video dialog. Just imagine, that you have just arrived to the UK and met your guide.

- I want you to match each phrase with each other and read the dialog in pairs.



Hello. Are you Mark Ryder?

Yes. Are you Allie?

Yes, I am.

Nice to meet you.

And you. Welcome to the UK.

Your hotel’s in the city center.

How far is it?

It’s about thirty minutes if the traffic’s OK.

Great.

Would you like a coffee first?

No, I’m fine, thanks.

All right. Let’s go.

My car’s in the car park.

Can I help you with your bags?

No, it’s OK, thanks.



3. Подведение итогов урока.

Now, at the end let`s talk about our lesson. What was interesting for you? What interesting facts have you known? It was interesting lesson for me too. Thank you very much.You have worked very hard. Your homework is to find the information and to make a short report about education and people’s life in Great Britain.

4. Домашнее задание.

The lesson is over. See you on Monday!











Интернет ресурсы.

Краткое описание документа:

Урок английского языка в 8-м классе. Цели урока: обобщить лингвострановедческий материал по указанной теме; углубить и расширить знания по теме. Обучающая - обучение навыкам говорения по теме “Великобритания”, формирование лексических навыков, обучение аудированию. Практическая - формирование речевой компетенции-совершенствование коммуникативных умений в четырех основных видах речевой деятельности (говорении, аудировании, чтении и письме). Воспитательная - воспитывать уважение к культуре, истории, традициям страны, изучаемого языка. Развивающая - развитие социокультурной компетенции — увеличение объема знаний о специфике страны изучаемого языка, развитие памяти и речевых навыков по теме, развитие речемыслительной деятельности, расширение кругозора обучающихся.
Автор
Дата добавления 22.04.2014
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
Просмотров528
Номер материала 80077042211
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