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ADJECTIVE ORDER Teacher: I.A.Zapaska Russian - Tatar Secondary School №161 Kazan
In English, it is common to use more than one adjective before a noun — for example, “He's a silly young fool,” or “She's a smart, energetic woman.” When you use more than one adjective, you have to put them in the right order, according to type. Adjectives cannot be written in any order. There are rules, so you should use the following order:
Determiner or article Determiners e.g. this, that, these, those, my, mine, your, yours, him, his, her, hers, they, their, Sam's ; or Articles - a, an, the
e.g. polite, fun, cute, difficult, hard-working Opinion adjective
Size, including adjectives, comparatives and superlatives height; e.g. tall, short, high, low; taller, tallest width; e.g. wide, narrow, thin, slim; wider, widest length; e.g. long, short; longer, longest volume; e.g. fat, huge; fatter, fattest
Shape e.g. circular, oval, triangular, square, 5-sided, hexagonal, irregular
Age e.g. new, young, adolescent, teenage, middle-aged, old, ancient
Colour e.g. red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, white, grey, black, black and white, light blue, dark red, pale blue, reddish brown, off-white, bright green, warm yellow
Nationality e.g. Hong Kong, Chinese, English, American, Canadian, Japanese
Religion e.g. Buddhist, Taoist, Christian, Moslem, pagan, atheist
Material e.g. wood, plastic, metal, ceramic, paper, silk
Noun used as an adjective e.g. campus (as in 'campus activities') The noun that the adjectives are describing.
Style: Although it is possible to write a sentence that uses all the categories; e.g. 'my beautiful, long, curving, new, pink, western, Christian, silk wedding dress', it is bad style as it is too long. Try to use less than five adjectives in a single list. Therefore you could say "Have you seen my beautiful new cream silk wedding dress? It's long and curving, and is in western Christian style."
Examples: Some of the hungry gentlemen. The last great civilization. Ten big round metal rings. The beautiful Japanese ceramic vase. Either of the small green apples. My three lovely daughters. An interesting wooden statue. The third red plastic container.
How to remember the order You can use the 'Roman room' memorization technique. This involves remembering a place that you know well, such as your home, and imagining walking through it, looking at things. Imagine that you arrive at the door of your home. On the door is the letter 'A', and you are greeted by someone who lives there. This helps you to remember the article 'A' or the determiners; e.g. my Mother's. Imagine that you are happy to see each other. This helps you to remember the opinion adjective. Imagine the size of your home: is it big, small, or long? This helps you to remember the size adjectives.
Imagine that you go into your home and you see an object. Remember the shape of the object. Now imagine that you walk around your home; e.g. towards your room. Think of another object further from the door. Think of the age of that object; e.g. new or old. Move on to another object, this time a colourful one. Remember what colour it is. Move on to another object. This object should remind you of a foreign place; e.g. a picture of somewhere in China, or a souvenir from a holiday abroad. This is to help you remember nationality. Next imagine moving to another object, this time a religious one. Maybe you have a place for worshipping your ancestors, or a statue of Buddha. Next move to another object. This should be special because it is made of one material; e.g. a crystal ornament or a wooden statue. Finally move to a place where there is an object that is described with 2 words, and the first is a noun; e.g. a book shelf. Imagine that this is the end of your journey around your flat.
Thank you for attention
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