Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Материал для устного экзамена по английскому языку в 9 классе
Обращаем Ваше внимание, что в соответствии с Федеральным законом N 273-ФЗ «Об образовании в Российской Федерации» в организациях, осуществляющих образовательную деятельность, организовывается обучение и воспитание обучающихся с ОВЗ как совместно с другими обучающимися, так и в отдельных классах или группах.

Педагогическая деятельность в соответствии с новым ФГОС требует от учителя наличия системы специальных знаний в области анатомии, физиологии, специальной психологии, дефектологии и социальной работы.

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Автор курса: Логинова Наталья Геннадьевна, кандидат педагогических наук, учитель высшей категории. Начало обучения новой группы: 20 сентября.

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Материал для устного экзамена по английскому языку в 9 классе

библиотека
материалов

Муниципальное общеобразовательное учреждение

Спас-Заулковская школа-интернат центр образования «Планета детства»



СОГЛАСОВАНО Руководитель ШМО учителей гуманитарного цикла

_____________ Н.С. Гусева

Протокол №

от « » ________2013г.

СОГЛАСОВАНО Руководитель РМО

учителей английского языка



___________Н.А. Калякина

Протокол №

от « » ________ 2013г.

УТВЕРЖДАЮ

Директор Спас-Заулковской школы-интерната

ЦО «Планета Детства»

_________ Г.В. Старикова

Приказ №

от « » ______2013г.






АТЕСТАЦИОННЫЙ МАТЕРИАЛ

ДЛЯ ПРОВЕДЕНИЯ

ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЙ (ИТОГОВОЙ) АТТЕСТАЦИИ

ВЫПУСКНИКОВ IX КЛАССА В ТРАДИЦИОННОЙ ФОРМЕ

ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ







Учитель: Царькова Анна Ивановна











с.Спас-Заулок

2013г.

Пояснительная записка.

Зкзаменационные билеты для сдачи экзамена по иностранным языкам выпускниками основной школы (9 классы) общеобразовательных учреждений Российской Федерации составлены с учетом обязательного минимума содержания основного общего образования (приказы Минобразования России от 19 мая 1998 г. № 1236 и от 30 июня 1999 г. № 56)и федерального компонента государственного образовательного стандарта основного общего образования (приказ Минобразования России от 5 марта 2004 г. № 1089).

Экзамен по иностранному языку в 9 классе ставит своей целью проверку уровня сформированности коммуникативной компетенции учащихся в двух из четырех целевых умений – чтении и говорении в двух формах: монологической и диалогической. При проверке умений в говорении параллельно проверяются умения аудирования, произносительные, лексические и грамматические навыки учащихся, а также их социокультурные знания и умения. Под социокультурными знаниями и умениями понимается умение учащихся осуществлять межличностное и межкультурное общение с применением знаний о национально-культурных особенностях своей страны и страны изучаемого языка, в частности адекватное использование правил этикета в процессе устного общения с экзаменатором.

Экзаменационные материалы содержат 20 билетов, что представляется оптимальным с точки зрения охвата проверяемых коммуникативных умений и затрагиваемой тематики и ситуаций общения.



Структура экзаменационной работы.

Экзамен проводится в устной форме. Каждый билет содержит три задания.

Первое задание проверяет умения ознакомительного чтения (чтения с пониманием основного содержания). Экзаменуемому предлагается законченный в смысловом отношении несложный аутентичный текст (из научно-популярной, ублицистической или художественной литературы), соответствующий допороговому уровню (А2 согласно европейской терминологии), объемом до 1200 знаков. В процессе подготовки к ответу учащийся может пользоваться двуязычным словарем. Задача экзаменуемого – ответить на 3 вопроса по содержанию текста, касающихся:

основной идеи (О чем говорится в тексте?Какова основная идея текста?);

главных фактов (Кто? Что? Когда? Как? Где? Куда?).

Формулировка задания для проверки умений в чтении соотнесена с

критериями оценивания. Правильным ответом считается ответ, который полностью соответствует содержанию текста. Ответ, который содержит не только основную информацию, но и детали, является полным.

Второе задание проверяет умения монологической речи.

Задача экзаменуемого – сделать сообщение в связи с прочитанным текстом, высказать и аргументировать свое отношение к поднятой автором

проблеме. В качестве опоры для монологического высказывания используют не

большие по объему тексты разных жанров из любых источников (в том числе из УМК), соответствующие тематике, определенной стандартом основного общего образования по иностранному языку:

межличностные взаимоотношения в семье, с друзьями, в школе;

школьное образование, изучаемые предметы; проблема выбора

профессии и роль иностранного языка;

досуг, увлечения;

родная страна и страна/страны изучаемого языка; выдающиеся

люди, их вклад в мировую культуру;

природа и проблемы экологии; здоровый образ жизни.

Объем монологического высказывания не менее 12 фраз.

Третье задание проверяет умения диалогической речи и предполагает решение поставленной коммуникативной задачи в типичных ситуациях общения в рамках тематики, определенной стандартом основного общего образования.

Задача экзаменуемого – продемонстрировать навыки и умения речевого взаимодействия с партнером в рамках предложенной коммуникативной задачи:

1. Начать и закончить разговор.

2. Поддержать разговор, а именно: запрашивать и сообщать фактическую информацию, переходя с позиции спрашивающего на позицию отвечающего; дать совет и принять/не принять совет партнера; сделать предложение в соответствии с ситуацией и темой общения и выразить согласие/несогласие с предложением партнера; выразить точку зрения; запрашивать мнение партнера; согласиться/не согласиться с высказанным утверждением/мнением партнера; выразить одобрение/неодобрение, извиниться; выразить эмоциональную оценку обсуждаемых событий (радость/ огорчение/сомнение/удивление и т.п.); вежливо переспросить в случае необходимости; соблюдать очередность реплик.

Принимая участие в диалоге, в зависимости от коммуникативной задачи учащиеся могут продемонстрировать лишь некоторые из перечисленных выше умений речевого взаимодействия с партнером. Поэтому в характеристике ответа все коммуникативные умения обозначены термином «поддерживать беседу».

Партнером экзаменуемого выступает учитель. Предполагается, что экзаменатор должен быть доброжелательным и открытым для общения. Ситуации должны быть сформулированы таким образом, чтобы диалог начинал учащийся. Это позволит учителю оценить его умение вступать в коммуникацию.

Обязателен обмен не менее 5–7 репликами с каждой стороны.

На подготовку всех трех заданий отводится 30 минут; устный ответ занимает 8–10 минут. Ответ оценивается по пятибалльной шкале, принятой в Российской Федерации.

Общая экзаменационная отметка складывается из трех отметок за выполнение отдельных заданий и является их средним арифметическим, округляемым по общим правилам, то есть 3,5 и выше дают 4 балла, 4,5 и выше дают 5 баллов. При оценивании отдельных заданий рекомендуется руководствоваться приводимыми ниже шкалами, которые описывают наиболее типичные случаи.

Итоговая оценка определяется всеми членами экзаменационной комиссии.



Билет № 1

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вы хотите поступитьна курсы иностранного языка. Позвоните на курсы и узнайте, где они находятся, каковы сроки обучения, сколько стоит обучение и что необходимо для поступления.



Билет № 2

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вы с зарубежнымдругом, который гостит в вашем городе, планируете, что будете делатьв выходные. Спросите, когда он/она свободен/свободна, обсудите, чем вамзаняться, почему именно этим.



Билет № 3

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вы с зарубежнымдругом, который гостит в вашем городе, собираетесь поехать на экскурсию.Обсудите с другом, куда и когда лучше всего пойти/поехать; кого с собойпригласить. Примите совместное решение.



Билет № 4

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вы должны написатьстатью о защите окружающей среды в школьный журнал, который издаетсяна иностранном языке. Обсудите с редактором, какие проблемы следуетосветить, как назвать статью, к какому сроку ее сдать.



Билет № 5

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Ваш класс выигралконкурс, и вам дали грант. Объясните иностранному журналисту, от кого выполучили грант, за что и что вы планируете купить на полученные деньги дляшколы.



Билет № 6

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Ваш друг вернулся изпоездки в страну изучаемого языка. Расспросите его о поездке: где он был,что произвело на него наибольшее впечатление и почему.



Билет № 7

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. В одном из европейских городов вы отстали от группы во время экскурсии. Вам нужно добрать до отеля, где вы остановились. Спросите у прохожего, каким транспортомтуда быстрее добраться, сколько это займет времени и где ближайшаяостановка.



Билет № 8

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вы в магазине в одномевропейских городов и хотите купить что-то из новой одежды на лето.Посоветуйтесь с продавцом, что купить, идет ли вам эта вещь, узнайте ценурешите, покупать ли вам ее.



Билет № 9

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вы собираетесь сделать доклад о стране изучаемого языка. Посоветуетесь с учителем, какуютему выбрать, как подготовиться к докладу, узнайте, сколько времени нанего отводится.



Билет № 10

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вам позвонил зарубежный друг. Он хочет, чтобы вы его встретили в аэропорту. Спросите, когда и каким рейсом он прилетает, где хотел бы побывать и что увидетьв вашем городе.



Билет № 11

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте. Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вы в гостях у своегозарубежного друга. Вместе с ним вы хотите записаться в спортивную секцию. Обсудите, каким видом спорта заняться и почему, согласуйте с ним,по каким дням вы будете заниматься спортом.



Билет № 12

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вы хотите пойти накурсы иностранного языка. Ваш друг считает, что не нужно учить иностранные языки, так как это требует много времени и усилий, в то время каквсегда можно прибегнуть к услугам переводчика. Вы с ним не согласны.Приведите не менее двух причин, почему необходимо изучать иностранныеязыки.



Билет № 13

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Возьмите интервью упопулярного зарубежного певца. Расспросите его, когда он начал своюкарьеру, почему он выбрал этот вид искусства, каковы его планы на будущее.



Билет № 14

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Обсудите с вашимзарубежным другом, что нужно сделать, чтобы быть успешным в жизни:иметь талант, закончить вуз, успешно жениться/выйти замуж или что-тоеще? Приведите не менее двух причин, почему вы так думаете. Спросите,согласен ли ваш друг с вашим мнением.



Билет № 15

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Ваш зарубежный другчасто ходит в Макдональдс. Объясните ему, что это не очень полезно дляздоровья, приведите не менее двух причин. Дайте совет, как правильнопитаться, чтобы быть здоровым.



Билет № 16

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Ваш зарубежный другсчитает, что компьютер вреден для здоровья. Вы с ним не согласны. Докажите, что он ошибается. Приведите не менее двух причин в пользу использования компьютера.



Билет № 17

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вы собираетесь вшколе подготовить вечер, посвященный дню города, в котором примут участие ваши зарубежные гости. Посоветуйтесь с учителем, как и когда можноорганизовать вечер.



Билет № 18

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вы собираетесь поехать в страну изучаемого языка на неделю в октябре. Узнайте у своегозарубежного друга, который там живет, какая погода в октябре, часто ли онаменяется и что лучше брать с собой из вещей.



Билет № 19

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Ваш зарубежный другв плохом настроении. Попытайтесь узнать, в чем причина его плохого настроения, чем вы можете ему помочь, дайте совет, как исправить ситуацию.



Билет № 20

1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

2. Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте.Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.

3. Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию. Вы с другом готовитепроект о стране изучаемого языка. Обсудите, о чем будет ваше сообщениеи почему, кто из вас, что будет делать.





Критерии оценивания



Задание 1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

Отметка «5»

Учащийся понял содержание текста и ответил правильно и полно на все три вопроса экзаменатора.

Отметка «4»

Учащийся понял содержание текста и ответил правильно и полно на два вопроса экзаменатора. На один вопрос учащийся не ответил или дал неправильный ответ

Учащийся понял содержание текста и дал правильные, но неполные ответы на все три вопроса экзаменатора

Отметка «3»

Учащийся понял основное содержание текста, но ответил правильно и полно только на один вопрос экзаменатора. На два остальных вопроса учащийся не ответил или дал неправильные ответы. Учащийся понял содержание текста, но дал неполные ответы на два вопроса экзаменатора. На один вопрос учащийся не ответил иди ответил неправильно

Отметка «2»

Учащийся не понял основное содержание текста и не дал правильных ответов на вопросы экзаменатора





Задание 2.Прочитайте текст и выскажитесь по проблеме, затронутой в тексте. Аргументируйте вашу точку зрения.



Отметка

Критерии оценивания

Отметка «5»

Учащийся логично строит монологическое высказывание в связи с прочитанным текстом и в соответствии с

коммуникативной задачей, сформулированной в задании.

Учащийся демонстрирует умение сообщать факты (события), связанные с обсуждаемой проблемой, в том числе используя информацию из текста; выражает и

аргументирует свое отношение к данной проблеме.

Используемые лексические единицы и грамматические

структуры соответствуют поставленной коммуникативной

задаче. Ошибки практически отсутствуют.

Речь отвечающего понятна: нет фонематических ошибок, практически все звуки в потоке речи произносятся правильно, соблюдается правильный интонационный рисунок.

Социокультурные знания использованы в соответствии с ситуацией общения.

Объём высказывания не менее 12 фраз.


Отметка «4»

Учащийся логично строит монологическое высказывание в связи с прочитанным текстом и в соответствии с коммуникативной задачей, сформулированной в задании.

Учащийся демонстрирует умение сообщать факты (события), связанные с обсуждаемой проблемой, в том числе используя информацию из текста; выражает своё отношение к данной проблеме, но не аргументирует его.

Используемые лексические единицы и грамматическиеструктурысоответствуют поставленной коммуникативной задаче Ошибки практически отсутствуют. Речь отвечающего понятна, фонематические ошибки отсутствуют. Социокультурные знания использованы в соответствии с ситуацией общения. Объём высказывания менее 12 фраз.

Учащийся логично строит монологическое высказывание в связи с прочитанным текстом и в соответствии с коммуникативной задачей, сформулированной в задании. Учащийся демонстрирует умение сообщать факты (события), связанные с обсуждаемой проблемой, в том числе используя информацию из текста; выражает своё отношение к проблеме и аргументирует его. Используемые лексические единицы и грамматические структуры соответствуют поставленной коммуникативной задаче, но учащийся либо допускает ошибки в употреблении слов, либо демонстрирует ограниченный словарный запас, хотя лексика используется правильно. В ответе меется ряд грамматических ошибок, не затрудняющих понимание речи учащегося Речь отвечающего понятна, фонематические ошибки отсутствуют В основном социокультурные знания использованы в соответствии с ситуацией общения.. Объём высказывания соответствует заданному (не менее12 фраз).

Отметка «3»

Учащийся строит монологическое высказывание в связи с прочитанным текстом и в соответствии с коммуникативной задачей, сформулированной в задании. Но высказывание не содержит аргументации; не всегда логично, имеются повторы. Используется ограниченный словарный запас, допускаются ошибки в употреблении лексики, которые затрудняют понимание текста. Речь отвечающего в целом понятна, учащийся в основном соблюдает интонационный рисунок. Социокультурные знания неточно использованы в соответствии с ситуацией общения. Объём высказывания 7-8 фраз.

Учащийся строит монологическое высказывание в связи с прочитанным текстом, но не всегда в соответствии с коммуникативной задачей, сформулированной в задании: уходит от темы или пытается подменить её другой, которой владеет лучше, но старается аргументировать свою точку зрения. Используется ограниченный словарный запас, допускаются ошибки в употреблении лексики, некоторые из них затрудняют понимание речи учащегося. В ответе имеются многочисленные грамматические ошибки. Речь учащегося понятна, но допускаются негрубые фонематические ошибки. Отвечающий в основном соблюдает интонационный рисунок. Социокультурные знания неточно использованы в соответствии с ситуацией общения. Объём высказывания 7-8 фраз.

Отметка «2»

Учащийся не пон ял содержание текста и не может сделать сообщение в связи с прочитанным, выразить и аргументировать свое отношение к проблеме, затронутой в тексте.





Задание 3.Разыграйте с учителем следующую ситуацию (дана речевая ситуация для диалогического общения)

Отметка

Критерии оценивания

Отметка «5»

Учащийся логично строит диалогическое общение в соответствии с коммуникативной задачей, затрагивает все элементы содержания, указанные в задании.

Учащийся демонстрирует навыки и умения речевого

взаимодействия с партнёром в полном объёме: способен начать, поддержать и закончить разговор, вежливо переспросить в случае необходимости; соблюдает очерёдность при обмене репликами.

Используемые лексические единицы и грамматические структуры соответствуют поставленной коммуникативной задаче.

Лексические и грамматические ошибки практически отсутствуют.

Речь учащегося понятна: не допускает фонематических ошибок, практически все звуки в потоке речи произносит правильно, соблюдает правильный интонационный рисунок.

Социокультурные знания использованы в соответствии с ситуацией общения.

Объём высказывания не менее 5-7 реплик с каждой стороны.


Отметка «4»

Учащийся логично строит диалогическое общение в соответствии с коммуникативной задачей, затрагивает все элементы содержания, указанные в задании. Учащийся в целом демонстрирует навыки и умения речевого взаимодействия с партнёром: способен начать, поддержать и закончить разговор; соблюдает очерёдность при обмене репликами.

Используемый словарный запас и грамматические структуры соответствуют поставленной коммуникативной задаче. Лексические и грамматические ошибки практически отсутствуют, однако наблюдаются повторы речевых и грамматических конструкций.

Речь учащегося понятна: не допускает фонематических ошибок, практически все звуки в потоке речи произносит правильно, в основном соблюдает правильный интонационный рисунок.

Социокультурные знания использованы в соответствии с ситуацией общения.

Объём высказывания менее 5-7 реплик с каждой стороны.


Учащийся логично строит диалогическое общение в соответствии с коммуникативной задачей, затрагивает все элементы содержания, указанные в задании. Учащийся в целом демонстрирует навыки и умения речевого взаимодействия с партнёром: способен начать, поддержать и закончить разговор; соблюдает очерёдность при обмене репликами. Используемые лексические единицы и грамматические структуры соответствуют поставленной коммуникативной задаче, однако встречаются затруднения при подборе

слов и отдельные неточности в употреблении слов,

словосочетаний и клише.

Лексические и грамматические ошибки

практически отсутствуют.

Речь учащегося понятна: не допускает фонематических

ошибок, практически все звуки в потоке речи

произносит правильно, в основном соблюдает

правильный интонационный рисунок.

Социокультурные знания использованы в соответствии с ситуацией общения.

Объём высказывания не менее 5-7 реплик с каждой

стороны.


Отметка «3»

Учащийся логично строит диалогическое общение в соответствии с коммуникативной задачей, однако затрагивает не все элементы содержания, указанные в задании.Учащийся в целом демонстрирует навыки и умения структуры соответствуют поставленной коммуникативной задаче, однако могут наблюдаться повторы речевых и грамматических конструкций. Фонематические, лексические и грамматические ошибки не затрудняют общение. Социокультурные знания неточно использованы в соответствии с ситуацией общенияОбъём высказывания менее 5-7 реплик с каждой стороны.

Учащийся строит диалогическое общение в соответствии с коммуникативной задачей, однако затрагивает не все элементы содержания, указанные в задании.

Учащийся не вполне логично строит диалогическое общение, не стремится поддерживать беседу (напримерзатрудняется запрашивать информацию, обращаться за разъяснениями).

Используется ограниченный словарный запас, допускаются ошибки в употреблении лексики, некоторые из них затрудняют понимание речи. Имеется ряд грамматических ошибок, не затрудняющих понимание речи.

Социокультурные знания неточно использованы в соответствии с ситуацией общения.

Объём высказывания менее 5-7 реплик с каждой стороны.


Отметка «2»

Коммуникативная задача не выполнена. Учащийся не умеет строить диалогическое общение, не может поддержать беседу.

Используется крайне ограниченный словарный запас, допускаются многочисленные лексические и грамматические ошибки, которые затрудняют понимание речи. Речь плохо воспринимается на слух из-за большого количества фонематических ошибок.

Список учащихся,

сдающихкзамен по английскому языку

в 2012-2013 учебном году



ФИО учащегося

Класс

1

Буцких Ирина Андреевна

9

2

Степанова Екатерина Юрьевна

9





Списоктекстовк 1 заданию

  1. Scotland Fights for its Independence

  2. Travelling in England Before Railways

  3. The Horse Guards

  4. Loch Ness Monster

  5. An Old Man and Two Actors

  6. How We Kept Mother’s Birthday

  7. The Lunch

  8. What Happened to Crane?

  9. Uncle Tom Saves a Little Girl

  10. How Does a Lake Die?

  11. Baseball

  12. Madam Tussauds

  13. Life as I Find

  14. Mr. Smith Goes in for Art

  15. The Clever Poor Man

  16. Jim and Della

  17. Golden Dreams

  18. Hinemoa

  19. Brown Wolf

  20. Time for Tea



Билет 1

Первоезадание

Scotland Fights for its Independence



In 1286 the king of Scotland died. His daughter, a little girl, became queen, but she soon died too. About ten Scottish barons said they had the right to be king of Scotland. Edward the First of England was asked to decide the question.

He brought a strong army to Scotland and chose John Balliol to be king of Scotland. Most of the barons agreed, but the people of Scotland were against.

Soon the Scots rose to fight for their independence. The leader against the English was William Wallace, now a hero of the Scottish people. He gathered people around him and began to make attacks upon the English. An army was sent to Scotland, but Wallace destroyed it. A few years later the English captured the Scottish leader and killed him, but the Scots still made attacks on the English. Soon they found a new leader Robert Bruce. He was a feudal lord and was made king of Scotland.

Bruce organised an army which was ready to fight. In the battle near a place called Bannockburn the Scots won the independence of their country. This was in 1314. Robert Bruce was king of Scotland till he died in 1321.

It was only in 1603 that Scotland and England were united. In that year James VI of Scotland became James I of England.

1.When did the Scots begin to fight for their independence?

2.What did William Wallace do for his country?

3.Who was the leader of the Scottish people when they won the independence of their country in 1314?

Билет 2

Первоезадание

Travelling in England Before Railways

There were no railways in England before 1825, and if people wanted to travel, they had to go by road, on foot, on horseback, or in a coach. In the days before the railways, however, people did not travel as much as they do now.

A journey by coach took a long time. Two hundred years ago passengers from Edinburgh to London were two weeks on the road. A hundred years later the journey was about two days, and today it is about eight hours by air.

People could not travel much in the past as the fares were high. A coach could not take many people, and the fares were high .Even walking cost money in those days. On every highway (main road) and also on many of the side roads, there were gates called tollgates. When a traveller came to one, he had to pay a toll. This money was used to make the roads better.

But the greatest danger on the road two hundred years ago were the highwaymen. A highwayman was a man who took money and jewels from travellers on the roads. That’s why travelling in the days of the coaches was dangerous and not very comfortable.



1.Why didn’t people in Britain travel in the past as much as they do now?

2.High fares kept people from travelling.What else did travellers have to pay for?

3.Why was travelling in the days of coaches dangerous?



Билет 3

Первоезадание

The Horse Guards

You have read a lot about places of interest in London. But London is a great city, and there is always something new to see or to read about.

One of the sights of London is the Horse Guards. The “Horse Guards” means both the eighteenth century building and the queen’s cavalry.

Today, horses are not seen as often as they were in the past, especially in towns. They are not used very much now. Machines, motor cars and lorries have taken their place. But you can see horses, horsemen and cavalry in the British capital every day.

Outside the Horse Guards in Whitehall at the gates into the Horse Guards Parade there are always two horse guards on duty. They wear red and white uniforms with big black riding-boots and big silver helmets. They carry swords. In winter they wear red greatcoats. From 10 o’clock in the morning till 4 in the afternoon they are on horseback; at other times they are on foot.

Every day people come to see the Horse Guards. Groups of tourists stand around and take pictures. A man and a horse tand like statues. The guard is changed every hour. This is an interesting ceremony to watch.



1.Where can you see horses and horsemen in London?

2.What can you say to describe the horse guards as they stand on guard?

3.How often is the guard changed?

Билет 4

Первое задание

LochNessMonster

In the north of Scotland there is a very famous lake – Loch Ness. It is not the largest lake in Britain, but it is thirty-five kilometres long. The water of the lake is dark and always very cold.

There cannot be many people who have not heard of the Loch Ness monster which appears in the news from time to time. There are a lot of stories about the water monster “Nessie”. One of them says, for example, that one Sunday morning a young woman saw in the waters of loch Ness the “largest animal”. It hada giraffe-like neck, a small head and a great dark grey body.

That was in 1934, the year in which the first book about the Loch Ness monster was published.

Is the monster a fact or fiction?

One of the theories about the Loch Ness monster is that these animals lived in the North Sea, but came to the lake to produce their young in it. After volcanic action in this area, some of them could not come back to the North Sea and stayed in Loch Ness. They continued to live there. But underwater photographs did not help to see the monster. Year after year thousands of tourists come to Loch Ness in the hope to see the monster. For some people Nessie is good business: T-shirts with “Nessie” on them, books about the monster, souvenirs are sold to tourists every year.

It is interesting to know that a museum of the Loch Ness monster was opened in Scotland.



1.When was the first book about the Loch Ness monster published?

2.What is one of the main theories about the Loch Ness monster?

3.Where is a museum of the Loch Ness monster?

Билет 5

Первоезадание

An Old Man and Two Actors

Two young actors could not find work for a very long time. At last they were given small parts in a London theatre and earned some money for their work. So the first thing they decided to do was to have a good dinner at a restaurant.

On the way to the restaurant they sat down on a bench in the park. An old man was sitting at the other side of the bench. His eyes were sad and he looked ill.

Suddenly he fell off the bench. The young actors helped him to sit on the bench.

Some time later the old man said, “I haven’t eaten for three days. Three days ago I lost all the money I had,” and he began to cry.

Please don’t cry. We haven’t got much money but we are glad to give you some money,” said one of the friends and he gave the old man a pound. The other actor did the same. The old man stopped crying.

Oh, thank you. You are very good young men. Good-bye and be happy.”

Then he walked away very quickly.

He doesn’t look ill any more. Do you think his story is true?” asked one of the friends.

True or not true, we had to help him. If he was poor and hungry he needed the money, and if he was a very good actor he had to be paid for playing the part so well.”

Yes, you’re right. I’m glad we gave him the two pounds.”

Well, what about dinner now?”

Oh, we’ll have something to eat at home. And think how happy we are. We’ve got our parts and we’ve been able to help an old man.”



1.What made two actors very happy?

2.Whom did they meet in the park?

3.Was the old man’s story true? Why?

Билет 6

Первоезадание

How We Kept Mother’s Day

I think celebrating “Mother’s Day” once a year is a very good idea.

So we decided to have a special celebration of Mother’s Day. We thought it was a good idea.

We decided to decorate the house with flowers. We asked Mother to arrange the decoration because she always does it on holidays.

Well, after breakfast we decided to take Mother for a beautiful drive away into the country. But then we changed the plan a little. Father decided to take Mother fishing.

When everything was ready for the trip we asked Mother to prepare some sandwiches.

Well, when the car came to the door, we saw that there were not enough places in it for us all. Father said that he could stay at home and work in the garden. Then the two girls, Ann and Mary, said that they could stay at home, but as they had new hats, it would be a pity if no one looked at them.

In the end it was decided that Mother could stay at home and make dinner. Mother doesn’t like fishing.

Well, we had a very nice day in the country. It was quite late when we got back.

We sat down to a wonderful dinner. Mother got up and down many times during dinner; she brought things from the kitchen and carried the dishes away.

When the dinner was over all of us wanted to help Mother to wash the dishes. But Mother said that she could do it herself.

It was quite late when it was all over, and we all kissed Mother before going to bed. She said it had been the most wonderful day in her life.



1.How did the family decide to celebrate Mother’s Day?

2.What did Mother do to help the other members of the family?

3.Who enjoyed Mother’s Day?

Билет 7Первоезадание

TheLunch

It was happened twenty years ago when I lived in Paris. I had a small room and very little money.

A lady read my book wrote to me about it. She was in Paris and wanted to have a talk with me. She asked me to give her a small lunch at a restaurant which she named. I was very young and I could not say “no” to a lady.

I had only eighty francs; all the money I had till the end of the month.

So we met at the restaurant which she had chosen. She was a woman of forty. She talked a lot, but as she wanted to talk about me, I was ready to listen to her. When the waiter brought the menu, I saw that the prices were very high. But she said,” I never eat anything for lunch.”

Oh, don’t say that!” I answered.

I never eat more than one thing. I think people eat too much in our days. I can eat now a little fish only. Have they any salmon?”

They had. And I ordered it for my guest. The waiter asked her,

Will you have anything while we are preparing it?”

No,” she answered, “I never eat more than one thing. But if you have a little caviar – I like caviar.”

I knew I had not enough money to pay for caviar. But I could not tell her that. I ordered the cheapest thing on the menu – a beef-steak.

She ate the caviar and she ate the salmon. She talked about art, literature and music. But all I wanted to know was what the “small” lunch would cost me. “Will I be able to pay for the bill?” I asked myself again and again. If the bill comes to more, I will leave my watch and come back and pay later, I decided.

Coffee?”I asked her some minutes later.

Yes, just an ice-cream and coffee,” she answered.

The bill came, and when I had paid it, I had the whole month before me and a penny in my pocket.

1.What was written in the letter which the young writer received?

2.Why did the young writer agree to give a luncheon to the lady?

3.What was the only thing the writer thought about during the lunch

Билет 8

Первоезадание

What Happened to Crane?

Once there was a little village where people told terrible stories. The most terrible story was one about a headless horseman.

Many years ago, a school teacher Crane lived in that village. Katrina Van Tassel lived in the same village. She was a beautiful young woman, and many young men wanted to marry her. Crane, also, loved her, and people thought she liked him. So all the other young men were against Crane, especially Brunt, a strong young man who was popular with the village people.

One afternoon Crane received a letter asking him to come to a party at Van Tassel’s house.

It was late in the night when Crane left the party. He got on his horse and started back home. It was very dark in the forest, and he began remembering all terrible stories he had read about the headless horseman. Suddenly his horse stopped. Crane looked around. He could not believe his eyes because there was a horse with the horseman holding his head in his hand. Crane tried to get away but the headless horseman followed him. Then he threw the head at Crane. It hit Crane on the head throwing him off his horse. The headless horseman disappeared.

The next morning people found Crane’s horse but nobody saw the school teacher himself. People found only his hat and a large pumpkin.

A few years later, a farmer went to another village. When he came back, he brought news that Crane lived there and worked at school.

Some time after Crane disappeared, Brunt married Katrina. People still talked about the headless horseman. But when the story of Crane was told, the listeners saw that Brunt’s eyes became bright. So they thought that he knew more about it than he wanted to tell.

1.What did Crane see on his way home?

2.Who do you think was the headless horseman? Why?

3.What did Crane think was in the horseman’s hand?



Билет9

Первоезадание



Uncle Tom Saves a Little Girl

A large boat was going down the Mississippi on its way to New Orleans.

One of the passengers on the boat was a young gentleman, St.Clare by name. He had a daughter between five and six years of age with him. The child was beautiful.

Tom, who liked children very much, watched the little girl with great interest when she walked round the place where black men and women sat in their chains. She looked at them and thought how unhappy those Negro slaves were. Several times she brought fruit and cakes and gave them to the black people.

Tom watched the little girl for a long time.

What’s your name, little girl?” he asked at last.

Evangeline St.Clare,” said the little girl, “but papa and everybody else call me Eva. Now, what’s your name?”

My name’s Tom; the little children call me Uncle Tom.”

So, Uncle Tom, where are you going?”said Eva.

I don’t know, Miss Eva. I am going to be sold to somebody. I don’t know who.”

My papa can buy you,” said Eva quickly, “and if he buys you, you will have good times. I’ll ask him to buy you today.”

Thank you, my little lady,” said Tom.

The boat here stopped and Eva ran to her father. Suddenly the little girl lost her balance and fell over the side of the boat. Her father was going to jump after her, but was stopped by someone behind him who jumped into the water. It was Tom whose hands were not chained at that time.

He caught the child and handed her up to her father.

1.Who were some of the passengers on the boat?

2.How did the little girl help the Negro slaves on the boat?

3.What happened when the boat stopped at a small settlement?

Билет 10

Первоезадание

How Does a Lake Die?

LAKE ERIE IS DYING

DEATH OF A GREAT LAKE

People in the USA and Canada may read headlines like these in newspapers or see reports on television about Lake Erie. This big lake is not dead yet, but it is in danger of dying.

Lake Erie was born more than 10,000 years ago. Its area is 25,745 square kilometres.

But it is dying not only because a lot of soil, dead plants, and animal materials are carried into it. Pollution is the greatest danger. Waste products of many kinds are brought into the lake by rivers from cities and industries. Some of the wastes kill fish and some kill the life on the bottom of the lake. It was found that over 2,500 square kilometers of the lake’s bottom waters have no oxygen at all.The fish that are best for food are disappearing. They need very much oxygen.

The pollution of Lake Erie is a great danger not only for fish, but also for people, especially for children. In many places swimming in its waters is impossible now because of the danger to health.

City and state governments in both Canada and the USA are trying to clean up Lake Erie and put a stop to the thousands of tons of industrial and city wastes that flow into the lake. But progress is slow, and much money is needed, both by city and state organisations and by factories to do the work well.

There is also another thing which specialists worry about: navigation on the Great Lakes. The waste products thrown into the water by cities and industries, together with the mud brought down by the rivers, may make the lakes very shallow and swampy and useless for navigation. The Great Lakes may become swamp-land and lost in future to the economy both of Canada and the USA.

1.What headlines to articles about Lake Erie may be seen in newspapers?

2.Why is Lake Erie dying?

3.Why is pollution of Lake Erie so dangerous?



Билет 11

Первоезадание

BASEBALL

Baseball is America's most popular sport. In a baseball game there are two teams of nine players. Players must hit a ball with a bat and then run around four bases. A player who goes around all the bases scores a run for his team. The team that finishes with more runs wins the game.

Where did baseball come from? No one knows for sure. Many people believe that the idea came from a game played by children in England. Other people believe that a man named Abner Doubleday invented the game in Cooperstown, New York, in 1839. But the first real rules of baseball were written in 1845 by Alexander Cartwright.

These early teams were not professional. They played only for fun, not money. But baseball was very popular from the start. Businessmen saw that they could make money with professional baseball teams.

The first professional team was started in 1869. This team was the Red Stockings of Cincinnati. Within a few years there were professional teams in other cities. In 1876 these teams came together in a league, or group, called the National League.

The teams in the National League played one another.

In 1901 a new league, called the American League, was formed. To create some excitement, in 1903 the two leagues decided to have their first-place teams play each other. This event was called the World Series.

Each year since then the National League winner and the American League winner play in the World Series. And, each year, millions of people look forward to this exciting sports event.



  1. What is the most popular sport in America?

  2. Who wrote the first real rules of baseball ?

  3. When was the first professional team started and why?



Билет 12

Первоезадание

MADAM TUSSAUD'S

Madam Tussaud's is the most popular wax museum in the world. There are wax models of the famous and infamous, both living and dead, from every walk of life.

Elvis Presley, the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Marilyn Monro, Michael Jackson, Alfred Hitchcock, Charlie Chaplin, the British Royal family, Bill Clinton, Jack the Ripper ... There is no other place where you can see all the celebrities at once, even if they are only wax figures.

So if you want to rub shoulders with kings and queens or the latest pop stars, or probably with notorious criminals, this is the place to go.

The museum is situated in Marylebone Road, not far from the street which is famous as the home of the first great detective in fiction, Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes.

There's usually a long queue in front of the museum. No wonder! Many tourists would consider their trip to London worthless if they didn't visit the famous Madam Tussaud's.

There are several halls at Madam Tussaud's. Highlights include the Grand Hall, the Chamber of Horrors and "The Spirit of London" exhibition.

The wax figures are standing and sitting, and sometimes even moving and talking.

They are extremely realistic and when they look at you, their eyes sparkling, you often feel uncomfortable in their company. Computer controlled figures (they are called audioanimatronics) are especially popular with the visitors.

New models are being produced all the time while the old ones are quietly removed from display.

Over the years hundreds of celebrities have made their way to Madame Tussaud's studio. Most people agree to be portrayed, but some refuse. Mother Teresa was one of the few who declined, saying her work was important, not her person.



  1. What kind of museums is Madam Tussaud's?

  2. What can you see here?

  3. Are the wax figures realistic or unreal?

Билет 13

Первоезадание

Life as I Find

The man lives in Philadelphia.A young and poor boy entered a bank and said: “Please, sir, don’t you want a boy?” And the bank man said: “No, little boy, I don’t want a little boy.”

The little boy went down the steps of the bank. But the little boy picked up something, and stuck it in his poor jacket.

Come here, little boy,” the bank man said, and the little boy came up to him, “What did you pick up?” The little boy answered: “A pin.” And the bank man said: “Little boy, are you good?” and he said he was.

Then the bank man took a pen made of gold, and wrote, on a piece of paper, “St.Peter”, and he asked the little boy what it stood for, and he said: “Salt Peter.” Then the bank man said it meant “Saint Peter”. Then the little boy said: “Oh!”

Then the bank man took the little boy into partnership, and gave him half the profits and all the capital, and he married the bank man’s daughter and now all he has is all his.

My uncle told me this story, and I spent six weeks in picking pins in front of the bank. I expected the bank man would call in and say: “Little boy, are you good?” and I was going to say, “Yes,” But the bank man didn’t want to have a partner, for one day he said to me, “Little boy, what’s that you’re picking up?” I said, “Pins.” He said, “Let see them.” And he took them, and I took off my cap, ready to go in the bank and become a partner, and marry his daughter. But I didn’t get an invitation. He said, “Those pins belong to the bank, and if I catch you hanging around any more I’ll set the dog on you!” Then I left and the old man kept the pins. Such is life as I find it.



1.What did the boy do when he entered a bank?

2.What did he pick up on the steps of the bank?

3.Did the boy understand what the bank man wrote on a piece of paper?

Билет 14

Первоезадание

Mr. Smith Goes in for Art

Mr. Smith was a rich business man. He was seventy-six and he was ill.

I can’t do anything with the old man,” his servant Koppel told the doctor. “He doesn’t want to eat. He doesn’t want me to read to him. He doesn’t like anything.”

I have an idea how to make him interested in life,” the doctor said.

An art student named Frank Swain was invited to give lessons to Mr. Smith to teach him art”

When spring came, Mr. Smith made a picture. It looked terrible. But the old man said, “I am going to give it to the exhibition at the Lathrop Museum.”

We must stop him!” Frank Swain said. “The picture is terrible and people will laugh at Mr. Smith.”

No, no,” the doctor said, “the old man is ill and art makes him feel better.”

Two days before the exhibition was closed a letter came to Mr. Smith.

Read it to me,” the old man asked Koppel.

We inform Mr. Smith,” the letter said, “that he is given the first prize of one thousand dollars for his picture.”

Frank and Koppel were greatly surprised.

I am happy to hear such wonderful news,” the doctor said. “Now you see, Mr. Smith, that art is much better than business.”

Art is nothing,” said the old man, “I bought the Lathrop Museum last month.”

1.Why wasn’t Mr. Smith interested in life?

2.What did the doctor decide to do?

3.Why did Mr. Smith get the first prize?

Билет 15

Первоезадание

The Clever Poor Man

One day, a poor man was riding a horse to a small town. In the evening he tied his horse to a tree and sat down under it to eat his supper. Soon a rich man stopped near him and began to tie his horse to the same tree.

I advise you not to tie your horse to that tree,” said the poor man.

My horse can kill yours. Tie it better to another tree.”

But the rich man answered, “I’ll tie my horse where I like.”

A few minutes later, the two horses began to fight. The men ran up to them, but it was too late – the rich man’s horse was dead.

You’ll have to pay for my horse,” said the rich man, “it was a very good horse,” So he brought the poor man before a judge.

The judge asked the poor man, “Is it true that your horse has killed his horse?”

The poor man did not answer. The judge asked him many questions, but the poor man did not say a word. At last the judge said, “What can I do? This man cannot speak!”

Oh,” said the rich man, “he can speak as well as you and I can. He spoke to me when I met him.”

What did he say?”

He told me not to tie my horse to the tree where his horse was tied to. He said that his horse could kill my horse.”

Oh,” said the judge, “now I see that you are not right. You cannot make him pay. He told you not to tie your horse to that tree.”

Then he turned to the poor man and asked him why he had not answered his questions. “I didn’t answer your questions,” said the poor man, “because I knew that you would believe a rich man sooner than a poor man. So I wanted him to tell you everything. Now you see who was right and who was wrong.”

1.What do know about the two men who met on a road one day?

2.What did the poor man advise the rich man to do?

3.Why didn’t the poor man answer the judge’s questions?

Билет 16

Первое задание

JimandDella

Jim and Della were two young people, a husband and a wife. They loved each other very much. They lived in a small room in an old house in one of the dirty streets of New York.

They worked from early morning till late at night, but they got very little money for their work. And still they had two things which were very dear to them – Jim’s watch and Della’s beautiful long hair.

Christmas was coming and Della wanted to give Jim a nice present, but she had no money. She really did not know what to do. Suddenly an idea came up to her. She stood up in front of the mirror and looked at her beautiful long hair. Then she left the house and in a few minutes she was already at the hairdresser’s shop.

Will you buy my hair?” she asked. The hairdresser looked at her hair and said, “Yes, I will. It’s fine hair. I can give you twenty dollars for it.” Della was very happy. She took the money and went to buy a present

for her husband. In one of the shops she saw a very beautiful watch-chain. “I’ll buy it, Jim will be very glad,” she said to herself. So Della bought a gold watch-chain as a Christmas present for Jim. When she got home, Jim was already there waiting for her. He looked at his smiling little wife and understood everything.

Why did you do it?” he asked.

Dear Jim, my hair will grow and I wanted to give you a present. Here it is,” and she put the watch-chain into his hand.

The beautiful chain, Della’s present, was of no use to him. He had sold his gold watch to buy a Christmas present for his wife. She opened it and saw two beautiful combs, the combs that she had seen in a shop window and had wanted for so long.

1.Where did Jim and Della live?

2.What things were dear to them?

3.What did Jim and Della buy? Why?

Билет 17

Первоезадание

GoldenDreams

One day I went into a bookshop to have a look at some new books.

While I was looking through them, I was able to watch

Mr.Smith at work with his customers.

When I first looked up, a fashionably dressed woman was standing beside him and Mr. Smith was showing her a book.

Are you quite sure it’s his latest?” The lady said to Mr. Smith.

Oh, yes, Mrs. Jackson,” answered the manager. Everybody wants to have it. It’s a wonderful book.

I looked at the title; it was Golden Dreams. Mrs. Jackson bought it.

Another lady entered the bookshop. She asked the manager to show her some new books.

Here’s a fine thing, madam, Golden Dreams ,a very fine story. It’s a love story. My wife was reading it out loud only last night. The main character, a girl, was very unhappy.”

And each customer who entered the shop went away with Golden Dreams. To one lady the manager sold it as holiday reading, to another as a book to read after a holiday. One customer bought it to read on a rainy day and anotherfor a fine

Before leaving the bookshop I went up to the manager and asked:

Do you like that book yourself?”

Oh!” said the manager, “I have no idea what it’s about, I have no time to read every book I have to sell wife .”

And didyour really like the book?”

I’m not married, sir,” answered the manager.

1.Where did the author go one day?

2.What kind of book did all the customers want to buy?

3.What did the manager recommend to buy?



Билет 18

Первоезадание

Hinemoa

Hinemoa was the beautiful daughter of a Maori leader who lived on the shore of the great lake.

One day Hinemoa’s father gave a great feast at which all the young men were present. Each young man tried to dance as well as he could because each man hoped to win the heart and hand of the young lady.

Hinemoa liked one of them most of all. He was a young man from a small island on the lake, and he loved Hinemoa very much. But when Hinemoa told her father that she loved him, the old leader got very angry and said that the young man was not noble.

Noble or not noble,” answered Hinemoa, “he is the man I love!”

This made her father more angry. He said, “If he comes to the shore again, I will kill him.”

Hinemoawanted to go toa small islandby canoe but father had told his men to take canoes away.

So,Hinemoa decided to swim to the island. One night she started on her long, dangerous swim.

The night was dark and she could not see the island. After many hours she became weak. Just then the moon came out and she saw that the island was quite near. A few minutes more, and she felt the stones under her feet.

At the place where she came ashore there was a hot spring. She entered the warm water, rested, and warmed her cold body. Then she found the young man. They became a husband and a wife.

The hot spring which gave Hinemoa life and strength is known even now as Hinemoa’s Bath.

1.What did the young men do at the feast given by Hinemoa’s father?

2Why did the girl desided to go to a small island?

3 .How didHinemoa reach the island?

Билет 19

Первоезадание

BrownWolf

Once Walt Irvine and his wife Madge, who lived in a small cottage in the mountains, found a dog. He was thin and weak, but he did not let them touch him. He ate the food they gave him only after they had gone away. But when he was strong again, he disappeared.

A few months later, when Irvine was in a train between California and Oregon, he looked out of the window and saw this dog running along the road, two hundred miles away from home. He got off the train at the nearest station, bought a piece of meat, caught the dog and took him home again. So Wolf, as they called him, came a second time to the mountain cottage. There he was tied up for a week.

To win him became a problem, but Irvine liked problems. At the end of the week he tied a piece of thin bright metal round the dog’s neck with the words: RETURN TO IRVINE, GLEN ELLEN, CALIFORNIA. Then the dog was let go, and he disappeared. A day later came a telegram. In twenty hours Wolf had run over a hundred miles to the north, and was still going when caught.

This time, he was sent back by express train. He was tied up for three days, and was let go on the fourth. And he disappeared again.

As soon as he was given his freedom he always ran north. He was always brought back weak and always ran away fresh and strong.

At last the dog decided to stay at the cottage, but Irvine and his wife had to wait a long time before they could touch him. When at last he let them do it and they were happy. They said it was a great victory. The man and woman loved the dog very much; perhaps this was because it had been such a task to win his love.



1.Was the dog that the Irvines found fresh and strong or was it weak?

2.Where did Walt see his dog after he had disappeared the first time?

3.Why were Walt Irvine and his wife Madge happy?



Билет 19

Первоезадание

TIMEFORTEA

The British and tea are inseparable. 8 out of 10 people in Britain drink tea every day and Britain. Tea makes up about half of all that a British person drinks. Tea has even played a part in British literature and history.

Tea didn't come to Europe until 1610 and was introduced to Britain in 1657 by Catherine of Braganza, King Charles II's wife. But by the 1800s, the exotic drink became so popular that special ships ("clippers") were designed to bring it quickly from China.

Most people in Britain drink tea with black leaves although now herbal teas which do not contain caffeine are becoming more popular.

The taste of teas can be very different even if they are from the same farm and expert tea-tasters have to blend them to ensure that packets of tea which have the same label taste the same when you buy them in a shop.

The British are very fussy about how their tea is made. The teapot must be warmed before the tea is put in, the water must be boiling properly, the right quantity of tea — "one spoon for each person and one for the pot" — must be used and the tea must be brewed for three minutes. They see the drinking of tea as the opportunity to relax for a few minutes. It's also regarded as a great comforter. If you've just suffered a misfortune in Britain and you call on a friend, you're likely to be told, "Oh well, just sit down and I'll make you a nice cup of tea"!



  1. When was tea introduced to Britain ?

  2. What kind of teas are becoming more popular now?

  3. What is the drinking of tea for the Englishmen?





Список текстов ко второму заданию

  1. ENGLISH TODAY

  2. OUR PLANET EARTH

  3. MASS MEDIA

  4. MY FLAT

  5. MY WORKING DAY

  6. MY SCHOOL

  7. MY PLANS FOR THE FUTURE

  8. AT THE DOCTOR'S

  9. TRAVELLING

  10. MY LAST SUMMER HOLIDAYS

  11. GREAT BRITAIN

  12. LONDON

  13. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

  14. MY FAVOURITE BOOK

  15. ANTON CHEKHOV

  16. HOLIDAYS IN GREAT BRITAIN

  17. HOLIDAYS IN RUSSIA

  18. MY FRIEND

  19. HOBBIES

  20. MY FAVOURITE SEASON




Билет 1

Второе задание

ENGLISH TODAY

The modern world is becoming smaller all the time. Every day distances between different countries seem less. For this reason it's becoming more and more important to know different languages, especially English.

One billion people speak English today. That's about 20% of the world's population.

400 million people speak English as their first language. For the other 600 million people it's either a second language or a foreign language.

English is the first language in the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Australia and New Zealand. It is one of the official languages in Canada, the Irish Republic and the Republic of South Africa.

As a second language English is spoken in more than 60 countries. It is used by the government, businessmen and universities.

English is the language of politics and diplomacy, science and technology, business and trade, sport and pop music.

80% of all information in the world's computers is in English.

75% of the world's letters and faxes are in English.

60% of all international telephone calls are made in English.

More than 60% of all scientific journals are written in English.

To know English today is absolutely necessary for every educated person, for every good specialist. Learning a language is not an easy thing. It's a long and slow process that takes a lot of time and patience. But it's a must.

English is taught throughout the world and a lot of people speak it quite well. In our country English is very popular: it is studied at schools (sometimes even at nursery schools), colleges and universities.

Everyone will speak English soon — I'm sure of it. We all need to understand each other. To do that we need an international language, and that's English.



Vocabulary

distance - расстояние

reason - причина

especially - в особенности

billion - миллиард

population - население

official - language государственный язык

government - правительство

diplomacy - дипломатия


science - наука

trade - торговля

scientific - научный

educated -образованный, культурный

patience - терпение

it's a must - этопростонеобходимо; throughout the world - no всемумиру

nursery - school детскийсад





Билет2

Второе задание

OUR PLANET EARTH

The planet Earth is only a tiny part of the universe, but it's the only place where human beings can live.

Today, our planet is in serious danger. Acid rains, global warming, air and water pollution, overpopulation are the problems that threaten human life on Earth.

Who is to blame for the disaster? The answer is simple: all of us.

Our forests are disappearing because they are cut down or burnt. If this trend continues, one day we won't have enough oxygen to breathe.

The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilisers and pesticides. The Mediterranean is already nearly dead; the North Sea is following. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas.

Every ten minutes one kind of animal, plant or insect dies out for ever. If nothing is done about it, one million species that are alive today may soon become extinct.

Air pollution is another serious problem. In Cairo just breathing the air is dangerous — equivalent to smoking two packs of cigarettes a day. The same holds true for many Russian cities.

Factories emit tons of harmful chemicals. These emissions have disastrous consequences for our planet. They are the main reason for the greenhouse effect and acid rains.

An even greater threat are nuclear power stations. We all know how tragic the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster are.

Fortunately, it's not too late to solve these problems. We have the time, the money and even the technology to make our planet a better, cleaner and safer place. We can plant trees and create parks for endangered species. We can recycle litter. We can support green parties and put pressure on those in power. Together we can save the planet and all of us with it.

Vocabulary

tiny - крошечный

universe - вселенная

acid rains - кислотныедожди

pollution - загрязнение

overpopulation - перенаселение

to threaten - угрожать

to blame - винить

disaster - несчастье, беда

to cut down - рубить, срубать

oxygen - кислород

to breathe - дышать

poison - яд, отрава

industrial and nuclear waste -промышленныеиядерныеотходы


fertilizer - удобрение

on the brink of extinction - награни

исчезновения

thesameholdstruefor- этосправедливодля

toemit - выбрасывать

harmful -] вредный

emission - выброс

consequence - последствие

endangered - вымирающий (вид)

torecycle - утилизировать

litter - мусор

to support - поддерживать

to put pressure on- оказыватьдавление


Билет 3

Второезадание

MASS MEDIA

The mass media play an important part in our lives. Newspapers, radio and especially TV inform us of what is going on in this world and give us wonderful possibilities for education and entertainment. They also influence the way we see the world and shape our views.

Of course, not all newspapers and TV programmes report the events objectively, but serious journalists and TV reporters try to be fair and provide us with reliable information.

It is true that the world today is full of dramatic events and most news seems to be bad news. But people aren't interested in ordinary events. That is why there are so many programmes and articles about natural disasters, plane crashes, wars, murders and robberies. Good news doesn't usually make headlines. Bad news does.

Some people say that journalists are given too much freedom. They often intrude on people's private lives. They follow celebrities and print sensational stories about them which are untrue or half-true. They take photos of them in their most intimate moments. The question is — should this be allowed?

The main source of news for millions of people is television. People like TV news because they can see everything with their own eyes. And that's an important advantage. Seeing, as we know, is believing. Besides, it's much more difficult for politicians to lie in front of the cameras than on the pages of newspapers.

Still, many people prefer the radio. It's good to listen to in the car, or in the open air, or when you do something about the house.

Newspapers don't react to events as quickly as TV, but they usually provide us with extra detail, comment and background information.

The Internet has recently become another important source of information.

Its main advantage is that news appears on the screen as soon as things happen in real life and you don't have to wait for news time on TV.


Vocabulary

possibility -возможностьentertainment - развлечение

event - событие, происшествие

fair - честный, справедливый

toprovide - обеспечивать

reliable - надежный

ordinary - обычный, заурядный

disaster - бедствие

crash - авария

murder - убийство

robbery - грабёж


tomakeheadlines - попастьвзаголовки

tointrude - вторгаться

tofollow - преследовать

celebrity - знаменитость

untrue - ложный, неверный

intimate - интимный

source-источник

advantage - преимущество

Seeingisbelieving. Лучше раз увидеть, чем сто

раз услышать.



Билет 4

Второезадание

MY FLAT

Wе live in a new 16-storeyed block of flats in Strogino. It's situated in a very picturesque place not far from the Moskva River. There's a big supermarket on the ground floor and it's very convenient to do everyday shopping.

Our flat is on the fifth floor. It's very comfortable and well-planned. We have all modern conveniences, such as central heating, electricity, gas, cold and hot running water and a telephone. There are three rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a hall in our flat. There's also a balcony and we can enjoy a lovely view of the river.

The largest room in our flat is the living room and we use it as a dining room and as a sitting room. In the middle of the room there's a big table and six chairs round it. Opposite the window there's a wall unit with lots of books, a TV-set and a video cassette recorder. There are two comfortable armchairs and a small coffee table in the right-hand corner. There is also a sofa and an electric fire in our living room. We like the living room best of all, because in the evenings we gather there to have tea, watch TV, talk and rest.

My room is the smallest room in our flat, but it's very cosy and light.

There's a bed, a wardrobe, a desk, an armchair and several bookshelves in my room. There's a thick carpet on the floor. The walls in my room are lightbrown and there are some big posters on them. I like my room very much, but from time to time I change it round. I quite often move the bed and change the posters on the wall.

Our kitchen is large and light. It's very well-equipped. We've got a refrigerator, a freezer, a microwave oven, a coffeemaker and a toaster. We haven't got a dishwasher yet, because it's very expensive. But I'm sure we'll buy it in the near future.


Vocabulary



16-storeyed - 16-этажный

tobesituated - бытьрасположенным

picturesque - живописный

modern conveniences - удобства

ground floor - первыйэтаж

central heating - центральноеотопление

view of - видна




wall unit - стенка

cosy - уютный

light - светлый

tochangeround -менятьместамиwell-equipped –хорошооборудованный

freezer-морозильнаякамера

expensive [iks'pensiv] дорогой




Билет 5

Второе задание

MYWORKINGDAY

On weekdays the alarm-clock wakes me up at 6.30 and my working day begins. I'm not an early riser, that's why it's very difficult for me to get out of bed, especially in winter. I switch on my tape-recorder and do my morning exercises. Then I go to the bathroom, take a warm shower, clean my teeth and shave. After that I go to my bedroom to get dressed.

Usually my mother makes breakfast for me. But when she is away on business or just doesn't have to get up early, I make breakfast myself. While having breakfast, I listen to the latest news on the radio.

I leave the house at 7.30 and go to the nearest underground station. Last year I tried to enter Moscow University, but unfortunately I failed my entrance examinations. So I thought I should work somewhere. It wasn't easy to find a job, but I managed to get a position of a secretary in a small business company.

They agreed to take me because I had studied typewriting, computing and business organisation at school. And besides, I passed my English schoolleaving exam with an excellent mark.

It takes me an hour and a half to get to work. I usually arrive at work at ten minutes to nine though my working day begins at 9 sharp. There are always some fax messages to translate from English into Russian. Sometimes my boss wants me to write a letter to our business partners abroad. There are also a lot of phone calls which I have to answer.

At 1 o'clock in the afternoon we have lunch. We usually have lunch in a small cafe just round the corner. At 2 o'clock we come back to work. And we work hard till 5 o'clock.

During the working day we also have several short coffee breaks. But sometimes we have no time for them.

I come home at about 7 o'clock in the evening. My parents are usually at home, waiting for me. We have dinner together. Then we sit in the living room, drink tea, watch TV or just talk.

Occasionally I have to stay at work till 6 or even 7 o'clock in the evening. When we have a lot of things to do we go to work on Saturdays. So by the end of the week I get very tired. All I can do on Sundays is to sleep till eleven o'clock, watch television, listen to music and read something in English.

And still I always look forward to my next working day because I like my job. I think I get a lot of useful experience.


Vocabulary

to be an early riser рановставать excellent ['eksalant] отличный

to get dressed одеваться


tocomeacrossвстретить,

tofail [fell] не сдать (об экзаменах)

abroad - за границей


Билет 6

Второезадание

MY SCHOOL

I've just left school and I'd like to tell you a few words about it. My school is one of the oldest specialized schools in Moscow. It's famous for its highquality education and strict discipline. The school is very well-equipped. On the ground floor there's a gym, a canteen, a library and two workshops. On the first floor there's a large assembly hall, a home economics room, a computer class and a language laboratory. On the second floor there are physics, chemistry and biology labs.

I went to school five days a week. Classes began at nine o'clock in the morning. But I usually came to school ten minutes earlier. Each lesson lasted forty minutes. After three or four lessons we had a thirty-minute break. During this break we went to the canteen to have lunch. Every day we had 7 or 8 lessons. The lessons were over at four o'clock in the afternoon.

We usually had a lot of homework and it took me several hours to do it. I sometimes had to sit up to write a composition, to prepare a report, to translate a newspaper article from English into Russian or to learn a poem by heart.

After classes I didn't usually go home right away. We had some out-ofclass activities. Our social and cultural life was well-organized. For example, we had an orchestra, a choir, an arts club, an International Friendship Club. I took part in the drama club.

At school we had classes in Russian, Literature, Mathematics, Biology, Geography, Physics, Chemistry, English, History, Computer Programming. We also had Music, Physical Education, and Information Technology.

My favourite subject was English. I liked to learn new words, to dramatize texts and dialogues. I liked it when we discussed something interesting to us, when we were taught to debate, when we had small-group discussions or set up a role play.

But I wasn't very good at chemistry. I always failed to learn formulas and terms properly. Maybe our chemistry teacher was too serious, too academic.

She was not imaginative enough and her lessons were a little bit dull.

I liked my class. I always felt at home there. Everybody was so friendly and easy to get along with. I was on good terms with my classmates and we often spent our free time together.


Vocabulary

high-quality- высокого качества

strict - строгий

well-equipped - хорошо оборудованный

gym - спортивный зал

canteen - столовая

workshops - мастерские

assemblyhall - актовый зал

tositup -засиживаться допоздна




right away- сразуже

out-of-class-внеклассный

сhoir - хор

International Friendship Club –

Клубинтернациональнойдружбы

term [torn] термин

academic [,aka'demik] академичный,

to get along with ладить




Билет7

Второезадание

MY PLANS FOR THE FUTURE

When you leave school you understand that the time to choose your future profession has come. It's not an easy task to make the right choice of a job. I have known for a long time that leaving school is the beginning of my independent life, the beginning of a far more serious examination of my abilities and character.

I have asked myself a lot of times: "What do I want to be when I leave school?" A few years ago it was difficult for me to give a definite answer. As the years passed I changed my mind a lot of times about which science or field of industry to specialize in. It was difficult to make up my mind and choose one of the hundreds jobs to which I might be better suited.

A couple of years ago I wanted to become a doctor. I thought it was a very noble profession. I was good at biology and chemistry in the 8th and 9th forms. I wanted to help people who had problems with health. I knew that a doctor should be noble in work and life, kind and attentive to people, responsible and reasonable, honest and prudent. A doctor, who is selfish, dishonest can't be good at his profession. I tried to do my best to develop good traits in myself.

Now I have already decided what to do. I'd like to be a teacher. I know that it's very difficult to become a good teacher. You should know perfectly the subject you teach, you must be well-educated and well-informed. An ignorant teacher teaches ignorance, a fearful teacher teaches fear, a bored teacher teaches boredom.

But a good teacher develops in his pupils the burning desire to know and love for the truth and beauty. As John Steinbeck once said, a great teacher is a great artist and you know how few great artists there are in the world. Teaching might even be the greatest of the arts. It's a great responsibility to bring up children. I think that's the reason why teachers are deeply respected.

More and more people realise that every educated person should know a foreign language. That's why I'm going to become an English teacher. I always remember these famous words and I'm going to teach them to my pupils: "He, who doesn't know a foreign language, doesn't know his own language".


Vocabulary


choice -выбор

todevelop - развивать

trait - черта характера

farmore - гораздо более

ability -способность

to change one's mind - передумать

to make up one's mind - решить(ся) fearful - робкий, пугливый

boredom -скука

burning desire - жгучеежелание

tobringup - воспитывать

prudent - осмотрительный,

selfish - эгоистичный




Билет8

Второезадание

AT THE DOCTOR'S

Is there anything more important than health? I don't think so. "Health is the greatest wealth," wise people say. You can't be good at your studies or work well when you are ill.

If you have a headache, heartache, toothache, backache, earache or bad pain in the stomach, if you complain of a sore throat or a bad cough, if you run a high temperature and have a bad cold in your head, or if you suffer from high or low blood pressure, I think you should consult a doctor.

The doctor will examine your throat, feel your pulse, test your blood pressure, take your temperature, sound your heart and lungs, test your eyes, check your teeth or have your chest X-rayed.

After that he will prescribe some treatment, pills, tablets or some other medicine which we can buy at the chemist's. He will recommend you to stay in bed for some time, because there might be serious complications. The only thing you have to do is to follow his recommendations.

Speaking about doctors' recommendations, I can't help telling you one funny story.

An old gentleman came to see the doctor. The man was very ill. He complained of weakness, insomnia, memory loss and serious problems with his heart, lungs and liver. The doctor examined the patient and said that no medicine could cure his desease.

Do you want to know what the doctor's advice was?

He told his patient to go to a quiet place for a month and have a good rest. He also advised him to eat a lot of meat, drink two glasses of red wine every day and take long walks. In other words, the doctor recommended him to follow the rule: "Eat at pleasure, drink with measure and enjoy life as it is."

The doctor also said that if the man wanted to be well again, he shouldn't smoke more than one cigarette a day.

A month later the gentleman came into the doctor's office. He looked cheerful and happy. He thanked the doctor and said that he had never felt a healthier man.

"But you know, doctor," he said, "it's not easy to begin smoking at my age."


Vocabulary


badpain - сильная боль

earache - боль в ухе

to complain of - жаловатьсяна

bad cold in one's head - сильнаяпростуда

to suffer from- страдатьот

blood pressure - кровяноедавление

to sound one's heart and lungs -


прослушать сердце и легкие tohaveone'schestX-rayed - сделать

рентген грудной клетки

complication - осложнение

insomnia - бессоница

liver - печень

to cure - излечивать

desease - болезнь





Билет9

Второезадание

TRAVELLING

Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns, they travel to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of scene. It's always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to different musical rhythms.

Those who live in the country like to go to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. City-dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun.

Most travellers and holiday-makers take a camera with them and take pictures of everything that interests them — the sights of a city, old churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes, valleys, plains, waterfalls, forests; different kinds of trees, flowers and plants, animals and birds.

Later, perhaps years later, they will be reminded by the photos of the happy time they have had.

People travel by train, by plane, by boat and by car.

All means of travel have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose one according to their plans and destinations.

If we are fond of travelling, we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see or learn at home, though we may read about them in books and newspapers, and see pictures of them on TV. The best way to study geography is to travel, and the best way to get to know and understand people is to meet them in their own homes.


Vocabulary


ancient - древний

picturesque - живописный

changeofscene - перемена обстановки

city-dweller -горожанин

to bathe -купаться


to laze in the sun валятьсянасолнце

holiday-maker- отдыхающий

view - вид

valley - долина

plain - равнина

destination - место назначения




Билет 10

Второезадание

MY LAST SUMMER HOLIDAYS

Ialways look forward to my summer holidays. In my opinion, there's nothing like the Russian countryside. We've got a small country house in a very picturesque place not far from Zagorsk. There's a river and a lake there. My friends and I often go swimming and boating there. I'm also fond of lying in the sun.

There's a lot offish in the lake, so I sometimes go fishing. I like to sit in silence for a while waiting for a fish to get caught and listening to the birds singing in the trees. When I happen to catch a fish I set it free at once, because I do fishing just for pleasure.

When it's very hot I usually go to the forest. The air is cool there. I like to walk in the shade of the trees and pick mushrooms and berries. I've got a dog called Jack. He becomes so happy when I take him with me to the forest.

Jack likes to run after butterflies or dragonflies. I sometimes play with him. I throw a stick and he brings it back to me.

But last summer my parents decided to go to some other place for a change. They made up their minds to go to the Crimea. I think it was the greatest mistake they had ever made. This, in a nutshell, is what happened.

To begin with, it was very difficult to find a place to stay. We rented a room in a house a long way from the sea. It was the only place we managed to get. It took us about half an hour to get to the beach. But it didn't matter, as it turned out a few days later. Suddenly our happy sunny days were over. It started to rain. It occasionally cleared up for a while but then the rain went on again. All we could do was to spend all our time in the cinema or in a cafe. It was impossible to leave because we had made reservations beforehand and we had to spend another week there.

I had never seen so many films in my life. By the end of the week I got very tired of the cinema and I could only lie on the bed reading books or staring at the ceiling.

At last the happy day of our departure came. You can't imagine how astonished we were. The sun began to shine early in the morning. It seemed to me that it was laughing at us.

After that holiday we decided to spend every summer in the country.


Vocabulary

tolookforwardto- с нетерпением ждать чего-либо

to be fond of doing smth - увлекатьсячем-либо,

forawhile - некоторое время

tosetfree - отпустить, освободить

dragonfly - стрекоза


torent - снять (дом, квартиру)

as it turned out - какоказалось

toclearup - проясниться (о погоде)

to make reservations - забронировать

to be astonished [a'stonift] бытьвизумлении

Билет 11

Второезадание

GREAT BRITAIN

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometres.

The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast respectively. Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern Ireland. But in everyday speech "Great Britain" is used to mean the United Kingdom. The capital of the UK is London.

The British Isles are separated from the continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.

Shakespeare called Britain a "precious stone set in the silver sea" because of its natural beauty. It has a varied countryside where you can find mountains, plains, valleys and sandy beaches. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain, but it is only 1343 metres high.

There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the most important one.

The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles. It is mild the whole year round.

The UK is one of the world's smaller countries. Its population is over 58 million. About 80% of the population live in cities.

The UK is a highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the world's largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft and navigation equipment. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding.

The UK is a constitutional monarchy. In law, the Head of State is the Queen.

In practice, the Queen reigns, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected government with the Prime Minister at the head. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties.


Names

Gulf Stream -Гольфстрим

the House of Lords-палаталордов

the House of Commons - палатаобщин

theLabour, the Conservative

and the Liberal рarties - Лейбористская,

Консервативная и Либеральная партии

Билет 12

Второезадание

LONDON

London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and commercial centre. It's one of the largest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe. Its population is about 8 million.

London is one of the oldest and most interesting cities in the world.

Traditionally it's divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. They are very different from each other and seem to belong to different towns and epochs.

The heart of London is the City, its financial and business centre.

Numerous banks, offices and firms are situated there, including the Bank of England, the Stock Exchange and the Old Bailey. Few people live here, but over a million people come to the City to work. There are some famous ancient buildings within the City. Perhaps the most striking of them is St Paul's Cathedral, the greatest of British churches. It was built in the 17th century by Sir Christopher Wren. The Tower of London was founded by Julius Caesar and in 1066 rebuilt by William the Conqueror. It was used as a fortress, a royal palace and a prison. Now it's a museum.

Westminster is the historic, the governmental part of London.

Westminster Abbey has more historic associations than any other building in Britain. Nearly all English kings and queens have been crowned here. Many outstanding statesmen, scientists, writers, poets and painters are buried here: Newton, Darwin, Chaucer, Dickens, Tennyson, Kipling.

Across the road from Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, or the Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Parliament. The Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big hour bell, known as "Big Ben".

Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen.

The West End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. It's the symbol of wealth and luxury. The best hotels, shops, restaurants, clubs, and theatres are situated there. There are splendid houses and lovely gardens belonging to wealthy people.

Trafalgar Square is the geographical centre of London. It was named in memory of Admiral Nelson's victory in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The tall Nelson's Column stands in the middle of the square.

On the north side of Trafalgar Square is the National Gallery and the National Portrait Gallery. Not far away is the British Museum - - the biggest museum in London. It contains a priceless collection of ancient manuscripts, coins, sculptures, etc, and is famous for its library.

The East End was once the poorest district of London — with lots of factories and docks, narrow streets and unimpressive buildings. Today, the district is changing very fast. There are huge offices and new blocks of flats in the East End.


Names

the Stock Exchange - Лондонскаяфондоваябиржа

theOldBailey- Центральный уголовный суд, находящийся в Олд-Бейли

St Paul's Cathedral - соборсв.Павла

William the Conqueror -ВильгельмЗавоеватель, Вильгельм I



Билет 13

Второезадание

THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It occupies about one-seventh of the earth's surface. It covers the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia. Its total area is about 17 million square kilometres.

The country is washed by 12 seas of 3 oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic. In the south Russia borders on China, Mongolia, Korea, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Azerbaijan. In the west it borders on Norway, Finland, the Baltic States, Belorussia, the Ukraine. It also has a sea-border with the USA.

There's hardly a country in the world where such a variety of scenery and vegetation can be found. We have steppes in the south, plains and forests in the midland, tundra and taiga in the north, highlands and deserts in the east.

There are two great plains in Russia: the Great Russian Plain and the West Siberian Lowland. There are several mountain chains on the territory of the country: the Urals, the Caucasus, the Altai and others. The largest mountain chain, the Urals, separates Europe from Asia.

There are over two million rivers in Russia. Europe's biggest river, the Volga, flows into the Caspian Sea. The main Siberian rivers - - the Ob, the Yenisei and the Lena — flow from the south to the north. The Amur in the Far East flows into the Pacific Ocean.

Russia is rich in beautiful lakes. The world's deepest lake (1,600 metres) is Lake Baikal. The water in the lake is so clear that if you look down you can count the stones on the bottom.

Russia has one-sixth of the world's forests. They are concentrated in the European north of the country, in Siberia and in the Far East.

On the vast territory of the country there are various types of climate, from arctic in the north to subtropical in the south. In the middle of the country the climate is temperate and continental.

Russia is very rich in oil, coal, iron ore, natural gas, copper, nickel and other mineral resources.

Russia is a parliamentary republic. The Head of State is the President.

The capital of Russia is Moscow. It's its largest political, scientific, cultural and industrial centre. It's one of the oldest Russian cities.


Vocabulary


to occupy - занимать

surface – поверхность

to border on - граничитьс

scenery - пейзаж, ландшафт

vegetation - растительность

plain - равнина

midland - средняя полоса


to flow into - впадать

vast - обширный

various - различный

oil - нефть

coal - уголь

ironore - железная руда

copper - медь








Билет 14

Второезадание

MY FAVOURITE BOOK

I've recently read a book which has made a very deep impression on me. It's called Gone with the Wind and it makes really unforgettable reading. The author of the book is Margaret Mitchell. She was born in Atlanta, Georgia, into a family of the president of the Atlanta Historical Society. All the family were interested in American history and she grew up in an atmosphere of stories about the Civil War.

After graduating from college Margaret Mitchell worked for a time for the Atlanta Journal. In 1925 she got married. In the following ten years she put on paper all the stories she had heard about the Civil War. The result was Gone with the Wind. It was first published in 1936 and became the talking point of all America. In 1939 it was made into a highly successful film. Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable played the leading roles. Vivien Leigh won the Oscar.

Everyone loved her high-spirited and beautiful heroine, Scarlett O'Hara.

The story is set around the time of the American Civil War (1861-65) when the Southern States went to war with the North to defend their way of life. It was a way of life in which rich gentry lived in large houses and owned huge areas of land, cultivated by black slaves. Scarlett O'Hara was born into one of these rich houses. When this way of life was destroyed and all her family's wealth taken away by the advancing Northerners, the spoilt, willful Scarlet had to grow up and use all her wit and intelligence — and beauty — to build a new life.

But Gone with the Wind is also about a love triangle. While Scarlett loves the quiet, gentlemanly Ashley Wilkes, the wild and decidedly ungentlemanly Rhett Butler is in love with her. After Ashley marries someone else, and after many adventures of her own, Scarlett does marry Rhett — but only for money.

The marriage is stormy and eventually Rhett walks out on her, but by that time Scarlett has realized that she loves him after all. Scarlett thinks of some way of getting him back, but we never know if she does.

Margaret Mitchell never wrote a sequel to answer this burning question.

She died in 1949 in a car crash.

In 1991 a publishing company asked Alexandra Ripley, a historical novelist to do the job. Her novel Scarlett was not in the same class as the original. Critics have been writing very bad reviews of Scarlett, but the book is popular with the public.

Vocabulary


Gone with the Wind - Унесенныеветром

the Civil War -Гражданскаявойна

Vivien Leigh - ВивьенЛи

it became the talking point of all America - онейговорилиповсейАмерике

high-spirited -отважный, пылкий


todefend - защищать

gentry - господа (нетитулованное

мелкопоместное дворянство)

toown - владеть, иметь в собственности

slave - раб

to walk out on smb -уйти (отжены, мужа)




Билет 15

Второе задание

ANTON CHEKHOV

My favourite writer is Anton Pavlovich Chekhov. In my opinion, he is the greatest Russian dramatist and short-story writer. I'm never tired of reading and rereading his plays and humorous stories.

Chekhov was bom in 1860 in Taganrog. In 1879 he went to Moscow, where he studied medicine. Though he practised little as a doctor in his lifetime, he was prouder of his medical knowledge than of his writing talent.

While in college, Chekhov wrote humorous sketches for comic papers to support his family. He collected the best ones into a volume, Motley Stories, in 1886. The book attracted the attention of the publisher of the NovojeVfemja, Russia's largest paper, and Chekhov was asked to contribute stories regularly.

Chekhov, as an established writer, was able to develop a style of his own.

Though he never gave up writing comic stories, he began working in a more serious vein. In 1887 Ivanov, his first play, established Chekhov as a dramatist.

From then on, he concentrated on writing plays, as well as short stories.

Chekhov was seriously ill. He had tuberculosis and knew what it meant.

By 1892 his health was so bad that he was afraid to spend another winter in Moscow. He bought a small estate near a village Melikhovo, 50 miles from Moscow. He spent 5 years there, and those were happy years in spite of the illness. He wrote some of his best stories there, including Ward No.6, several well-known one-act comedies and two of his serious dramatic masterpieces, The Seagull and Uncle Vanya.

The Seagull was first staged in the Alexandrinsky Theatre in Petersburg.

It was a complete failure because of the dull and clumsy production. It was a cruel blow to Chekhov. However, the play was successfully performed as the first production of the Moscow Art Theatre in 1898. From then on, Chekhov was closely connected with this theatre and with its founder, K.S. Stanislavsky. In 1901 he married an Art Theatre actress, Olga Knipper, who acted in his play The Three Sisters the same year.

Chekhov's health went from bad to worse and he had to spend the remaining years in the Crimea and other health spas.

The Cherry Orchard, his last play, was produced in 1904. Soon after the first night Chekhov died. He was 44.

Chekhov had an immense influence on the 20th century drama. Besides, several generations of writers both in Russia and abroad studied and imitated Chekhov to perfect their own literary style.

Vocabulary

Motley Stories - Пестрыерассказы

Ward No.6 - Палата N 6

The Seagull - Чайка

sketch - зарисовка, набросок


to attract attention - привлечьвнимание

tocontribute - писать для газеты estate - поместье


Билет 16

Второезадание

HOLIDAYS IN GREAT BRITAIN

There are fewer public holidays in Great Britain than in other European countries. They are: Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Year's Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May Day, Spring Bank Holiday and Summer Bank Holiday. Public holidays in Britain are called bank holidays, because the banks as well as most of the offices and shops are closed.

The most popular holiday is Christmas. Every year the people of Norway give the city of London a present. It's a big Christmas tree and it stands in Trafalgar Square. Central streets are beautifully decorated.

Before Christmas, groups of singers go from house to house. They collect money for charity and sing carols, traditional Christmas songs. Many churches hold a carol service on the Sunday before Christmas.

The fun starts the night before, on the 24th of December. Traditionally this is the day when people decorate their trees. Children hang stockings at the end of their beds, hoping that Father Christmas will come down the chimney during the night and fill them with toys and sweets.

Christmas is a family holiday. Relatives usually meet for the big Christmas dinner of turkey and Christmas pudding. And everyone gives and receives presents. The 26th of December, Boxing Day, is an extra holiday after Christmas Day. This is the time to visit friends and relatives or perhaps sit at home and watch football.

New Year's Day is less popular in Britain than Christmas. But in Scotland, Hogmanay is the biggest festival of the year.

Besides public holidays there are some special festivals in Great Britain. One of them takes place on the 5th of November. On that day, in 1605, Guy Fawkes tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament and kill King James I. He didn't succeed. The King's men found the bomb, took Guy Fawkes to the Tower and cut off his head.

Since that day the British celebrate the 5th of November. They burn a dummy, made of straw and old clothes, on a bonfire and let off fireworks.

This dummy is called a "guy" (like Guy Fawkes) and children can often be seen in the streets before the 5th of November saying, "Penny for the guy." If they collect enough money they can buy some fireworks.

There are also smaller, local festivals in Britain.

Vocabulary


BoxingDay второй день Рождества, день рождественских подарков

GoodFriday - Великая пятницаEasterMonday- первый понедельник после Пасхи

Spring Bank Holiday весеннийденьотдыха


charity - благотворительность service - служба (церковная)

to hang - развешивать

stocking -чулок

chimney - труба

straw - солома


Билет 17

Второезадание

HOLIDAYS IN RUSSIA

There are many national holidays in Russia, when people all over the country do not work and have special celebrations.

The major holidays are: New Year's Day, Women's Day, May Day, Victory Day, and Independence Day.

The first holiday of the year is New Year's Day. People see the new year in at midnight on the 31st of December. They greet the new year with champagne and listen to the Kremlin chimes beating 12 o'clock.

There are lots of New Year traditions in Russia. In every home there is a New Year tree glittering with coloured lights and decorations. Children always wait for Father Frost to come and give them a present. Many people consider New Year's Day to be a family holiday. But the young prefer to have New Year parties of their own.

A renewed holiday in our country is Christmas. It is celebrated on the 7th of January. It's a religious holiday and a lot of people go to church services on that day.

On the 8th of March we celebrate Women's Day when men are supposed to do everything about the house, cook all the meals and give women flowers.

The greatest national holiday in our country is Victory Day. On the 9th of May, 1945, our army completely defeated the German fascists and the Great Patriotic War ended. We'll never forget our grandfathers and grandmothers who died to defend our Motherland. We honour their memory with a minute of silence and put flowers on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

Independence Day is a new holiday in our country. On the 12th of June, 1992, the first President of Russia was elected.

We also celebrate Day of the Defender of Motherland on the 23d of February, Easter, Day of Knowledge and lots of professional holidays which are not public holidays and banks, offices and schools do not close.


Vocabulary


Independence Day -Деньнезависимости

Easter - Пасха

Day of the Defender of Motherland-

День защитника Отечества

major ['meidja] главный

to see the new year in -встречатьновыйгод


chimes - куранты

to glitter - блестеть, сверкать

men are supposed to... предполага-

ется, что мужчины...

todefeat - наносить поражение, разбивать

fascist -фашист

to elect -избирать







Билет 18

Второезадание

MY FRIEND

My best friend's name's Nick. We made friends a few years ago. We are of the same age. We live in the same block of flats, so we see each other almost every day.

Nick is a tall slender boy. He has got dark hair, large dark eyes, a straight nose and thin lips. He wears spectacles. He is a nice guy. He is very honest and just, understanding and kind. I trust him a lot and I'm sure that I can rely on him in any situation. He never lets people down. Nick is only 19 but he is very responsible — he finishes whatever he starts. He's got only one shortcoming - he is a bit stubborn. Nevertheless he is pleasant to deal with.

Nick's an only child and his parents love him very much. His father is a lawyer. He is the most brilliant man I've ever met. He knows everything there's to know about the law. His mother is a music teacher. No wonder Nick is so talented. He's got a very good ear for music. He likes jazz and plays the piano very well.

We spend a lot of time together. We often watch video or listen to music.

Sometimes we go to the cinema or to the theatre, or walk around the centre of Moscow, visiting small cafes, museums, art galleries, shops. We talk for hours about all sorts of things (politics, love, teachers, girls). We discuss films, television programmes, books.

I never quarrel with Nick. But if there's some misunderstanding between us we try to make peace as soon as possible. What I like best about him is that he is always willing to help and share his knowledge, thoughts and feelings. I respect him for his fairness, strong will, intellect and modesty.

I miss Nick when we don't see each other for a long time. Without him I would feel lonely and uncomfortable. Our friendship helps me to feel strong and sure of myself.


Vocabulary


guy - парень

just - справедливый

torelyonsmb - полагаться на кого-либо, доверять

to let smb down - подводить

shortcoming -недостаток

stubborn -упрямый


quarrel - ссориться

misunderstanding -недопонимание

to make peace - помириться

fairness - справедливость

strongwill- сильная воля

intellect [Intilekt] ум

modesty ['modisti] скромность






Билет 19

Второезадание

HOBBIES

Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting.

Hobbies are divided into four large classes: doing things, making things, collecting things, and learning things.

The most popular of all hobby groups is doing things. It includes a wide variety of activities, everything from gardening to travelling and from chess to volleyball.

Gardening is one of the oldest of man's hobbies. It's a well-known fact that the English are very fond of gardening and growing flowers, especially roses.

Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing different computer games. This is a relatively new hobby but it's becoming more and more popular.

Making things includes drawing, painting, making sculpture, designing costumes, handicrafts. Two of the most famous hobby painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill. Some hobbyists write music or play musical instruments.

Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life: stamps, coins, matchboxes, books, records, postcards, toys, watches. Some collections have no real value. Others become so large and so valuable that they are housed in museums and galleries. Many world-famous collections started in a small way with one or two items. People with a good deal of money often collect paintings, rare books and other art objects. Often such private collections are given to museums, libraries and public galleries so that others might take pleasure in seeing them.

No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he always has the opportunity of learning from it. By reading about the things he is interested in, he is adding to what he knows. Learning things can be the most exciting aspect of a hobby.


Vocabulary


according to - по, согласно

to include - включать

grown-up - взрослый (человек)

relatively - относительно,

painting - живопись

handicraft - ремесло, ручная работа


tocollect - собирать

matchbox-спичечный коробок

value - ценность

totakepleasurein получать удовольствие от






Билет20

Второезадание

MY FAVOURITE SEASON

There are four seasons in a year: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Every season is beautiful in its own way.

When spring comes nature awakens from its long winter sleep. The days become longer and the nights become shorter. The ground is covered with emeraldgreen grass and spring flowers. The air is fresh, the sky is blue and cloudless, and the sun shines brightly. The trees are in full blossom. The nightingale begins to sing its lovely songs, and sweet melodies may be heard from every wood and park. The days are warm and everything is full of life and joy.

Spring is followed by summer. The weather is usually fine in summer, but it can be very hot, especially in July. Sometimes there are storms with thunder and lightning. In summer people try to get away from the city noise and spend more time in the open air. They pick mushrooms and berries in the forest, swim in the rivers and lakes, go fishing and boating. Most people prefer to have their holidays in summer.

Autumn begins in September. The days become shorter and the nights become longer. The leaves turn yellow, red and brown and fall to the ground.

Most birds fly away to warm countries. There's a short spell of dry sunny weather in September which is called Indian Summer. It's a beautiful time when the sky is cloudless, the trees around are golden, the air is transparent and it's still warm. But gradually it gets colder and colder. It often rains in October and November which makes autumn an unpleasant season.

In winter the sun sets early and rises late. The rivers and lakes are frozen over. Everything is covered with snow. Sometimes it's very cold, about 25-30 degrees below zero. Going out in such weather isn't very pleasant. Winter is a good time for sports. People go in for skating and skiing. Tobogganing is also popular, not as a kind of sports, but rather as fun.

As for me, I like all seasons, but I think there's nothing like late spring.


Vocabulary


to be in blossom -бытьвцвету

nightingale-соловей

to awaken -пробуждать(ся)

to cover -покрывать

emerald-green-изумрудно-зеленый

thunder-гром

lightning-молния




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Данный материал был разработан для проведения устного экзамена по английскому языку в 9 классе в традиционной форме. Данные разработки можно использовать на уроках английского языка в качестве итогового контроля по темам, представленным в разработках, а также на уроках домашнего чтения и при обобщении материала по изученным темам. Разработка включает в себя 20 текстов на иностранном языке, вопросы и задания к нему, ситуации - диалоги по основным темам, изучаемым в основной школе и монологические высказывания по этим темам. Разработки представлены на английском языке, а текст билетов на русском.

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