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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Материалы урока по профессиональному английскому языку на тему "Bill Gates - the founder of Microsoft"

Материалы урока по профессиональному английскому языку на тему "Bill Gates - the founder of Microsoft"

  • Иностранные языки

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Subject: Professional English

Theme of the course: 6 Information technology

Theme of the lesson: Bill Gates – the founder of Microsoft


The objectives:

Educational – to revise all themes of the course; to provide students with an opportunity to practise usage of terminologies and lexis connected to the computer; to introduce new vocabulary of the theme; to generalize and systematize knowledge about computer; to present information about the founder of Microsoft;

Practical – to practice using of new lexis in written and oral speech; to form the ability of transferring the theoretical knowledge into practice;

Developing – to develop students’ communicative and perceptive skills;


Aids: handout materials, presentation, needed equipments;


Type of the lesson: mutual learning

Kind of the lesson: combined


Method: technology of critical thinking, information and communication technology;


Procedure:

  1. Organization moment:

  1. Greeting:

  • Good morning, guys! How are you today?

  • Who is on duty today? Who is absent today?

  • What date is it today? What day of week is it today? What’s the weather like today?

b) Checking the students’ preparation and auditory;

c) Giving the objectives of the lesson:

  • Today we have mutual learning lesson and we are going to talk about the founder of Microsoft. As I have said that we have mutual learning lesson today, because you were given to find the interesting facts about the founder of Microsoft at home and at the second stage of the lesson you will exchange with each other with your information which you found.

  • The aim of the lesson is to revise all themes of the course; to introduce new vocabulary of the theme; to generalize and systematize knowledge about computer; to present information about the founder of Microsoft;


  1. Revision of the previous materials:


Open test on the theme “Computer”.


  1. A ______ is a combination of five elements: Hardware, Software, People, Procedures, Data/information. (Computer system)

  2. It is the term used to describe the instructions that tell the hardware how to perform a task. Without its instructions, the hardware doesn’t know what to do. (Software)

  3. Computer is used to convert ___ into_____. (data/ information)

  4. It works with a video card, located inside the computer case, to display images and text on the screen. The two main types are cathode ray tube (CRT) and liquid crystal display (LCD). (monitor).

  5. It is a piece of hardware that resembles a typewriter keyboard. It is one of the primary ways we communicate with the computer and enter data. There are many different types of it such as wired, wireless, ergonomic, multimedia, and more. (keyboard)

  6. It is an electronic device that manipulates information or "data." It has the ability to store, retrieve, and process data. You can use it to type documents, send email, and surf the Internet. You can also use it to handle spreadsheets, accounting, database management, presentations, games, and more. What is it? (computer)

  7. _____ is any part of your computer that has a physical structure, such as the computer monitor or keyboard. You can touch it, it is? (Hardware)

  8. It is any set of instructions that tells the hardware what to do. It is what guides the hardware and tells it how to accomplish each task. (Software)

  9. It is a rigid disk coated with magnetic material, for storing programs and relatively large amounts of data. What is it? (Hard disk)

  10. It is (diskette) - thin, usually flexible plastic disk coated with magnetic material, for storing computer data and programs. What is it? (Floppy disk)

  11.  It is an example of communication hardware — an electronic device that makes possible the transmission of data to or from computer via telephone or other communication lines. What is it? (Modem)

  12. Short for compact disc read only memory? (CD-ROM)

  13. It is a peripheral that is used to print, or produce, a version of what appears on the screen in a hardcopy format. There are many types of it available including ink-jet, laser-jet, and photo. Also, combination of it that include scanners and copiers are increasing in popularity. What device is it about? (printer)

  14. It is the industry term for the company that is able to provide you with access to the Internet, typically from a computer. If you hear someone talking about the Internet and they mention their "provider," they're usually talking about their? (Internet Service Provider (ISP)

  15. ______ is like sending a letter, only you send the message over the internet and it gets to the other person's account within seconds. (Email)

  16. It is used to identify one or more IP addresses. For example, microsoft.com represents about a dozen IP addresses. It is used in URLs to identify particular Web pages. (Domain name)

  17. A ______ is a software application for retrieving, presenting, and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web. The major of them are Windows Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Apple Safari, and Opera so on. (web browser)

  18. What is WWW? (World Wide Web)

  19. What system allows computer users around the world to send and to obtain information? (Internet)

  20. What kind of computer can you use on the plane? (Laptop)


  1. Warming-up:

Fill in the mind map. What for do we use the computer? And What comes to you mind when you heard the named “Bill Gates”?

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  1. Presentation stage:

Pre-reading task:

Chairman - председатель

To employ - трудоустраивать

Attorney - адвокат

Late mother - покойная мать

To devote one’s energies to smth - посвятить все свои силы

Valuable tool - незаменимая вещь

To receive wide critical acclaim - получить положительные отзывы

To donate - пожертвовать

Proceed - доходы

Non-profit organizations - неприбыльные общественные организации


Reading task:

William (Bill) H. Gates is chairman and chief software architect of Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft employs more than 39,000 people in 60 countries.

Born on October 28, 1955, Gates and his two sisters grew up in Seattle. Their father, William H. Gates II, is a Seattle attorney. Their late mother, Mary Gates, was a schoolteacher, University of Washington regent and chairwoman of United Way International.

At school Gates discovered his interest in software and began programming computers at age 13.

In 1973, Gates entered Harvard University. While at Harvard, Gates developed a version of the programming language BASIC for the first microcomputer.

In his junior year, Gates left Harvard to devote his energies to Microsoft, a company he had begun in 1975 with his childhood friend Paul Allen.

Guided by a belief that the computer would be a valuable tool on every office desktop and in every home, they began developing software for personal computers. Gates' foresight and his vision for personal computing have been central to the success of Microsoft and the software industry.

In 1999, Gates wrote "Business @ the Speed of Thought" a book that shows how computer technology can solve business problems in fundamentally new ways.

The book was published in 25 languages and is available in more than 60 countries. "Business @ the Speed of Thought" has received wide critical acclaim, and was listed on the best-seller lists of the "New York Times" "USA Today" the "Wall Street Journal and Amazon.com"

Gates has donated the proceeds of his book to non-profit organizations that support the use of technology in education and skills development.

In addition to his love of computers and software, Gates is interested in biotechnology. He is an investor in a number of biotechnology companies. Gates is an avid reader, and enjoys playing golf.


Билл Гейтс

   Вильям (Билл) Гейтс — председатель и главный создатель программного обеспечения корпорации «Майкрософт». Сотрудниками «Майкрософт» являются 39 000 человек в 60 странах мира.

   Гейтс родился 28 октября 1955 года и рос вместе с двумя сестрами в Сиэтле. Их отец, Вильям Гейтс II, был юристом в Сиэтле. Их покойная мать, Мэри Гейтс, преподавала в школе, была членом правления университета Вашингтона и председателем «Юнайтед Уэй Интернэшнл».
   В школе Гейтс заинтересовался программированием и в 13 лет стал писать компьютерные программы.
   В 1973 году Гейтс поступил в Гарвард. Во время учебы в Гарварде Гейтс разработал версию языка программирования «бейсик» для первого микрокомпьютера.
   Уже в начале учебы Гейтс оставил Гарвард и решил посвятить все свои силы «Майкрософт» — компании, основанной им и его другом детства Полом Алленом в 1975 году.
   Уверенные в том, что скоро компьютер станет незаменимой вещью в каждом офисе, на каждом рабочем столе и в каждом доме, они начали разрабатывать программное обеспечение для персональных компьютеров. Прогнозы Гейтса сбылись: именно его взгляд на персональные компьютеры позволил компании «Майкрософт» и производителям программного обеспечения добиться успеха.

   В 1999 г. Гейтс написал «Бизнес со скоростью мысли» — книгу, которая предлагает кардинально новые пути решения задач бизнеса с помощью компьютерных технологий.
   Книга была издана на 25 языках и продается в более чем 60 странах мира. Книга «Бизнес со скоростью мысли» получила положительные отзывы во всем мире и была включена в список бестселлеров «Нью-Йорк Тайме», «США сегодня» и «Уолл Стрит Джорнал энд Амазон.ком».
   Доходы от продажи книги Гейтс пожертвовал неприбыльным общественным организациям, которые поддерживают применение технологий в системе образования и усовершенствования профессионального мастерства.

   Кроме компьютеров и программирования, Гейтс интересуется еще и биотехнологией. Он вкладывает деньги в компании, которые занимаются биотехнологиями. Гейтс очень любит читать, с удовольствием играет в гольф и бридж.


Post-reading task:

Answer the questions:

  1. What have you known from the text?

  2. What can you say about Bill’s childhood and parents?

  3. What kind of book did he published?

  4. What is he interested in?


  1. Practice stage:

Pre-listening task:

  1. To get students to understand the words:


Task I: SYNONYM MATCH

Match the words from the article on the left with their synonyms on the right.



Paragraphs 3 and 4

 


 

7.

beginning

g.

quit

8.

vision

h.

passed over

9.

style

i.

dream

10.

stepped down

j.

give

11

provide

k

start

12

ignored

l

approach


While-listening task:

b) To listen to the text;

William Henry Gates III was born on October 28, 1955. He is one of the world's richest people and perhaps the most successful businessman ever. He co-founded the software giant Microsoft and turned it into the world’s largest software company. He is the best-known entrepreneur of the PC revolution. He has also written two best-selling books and started his own charity with his wife.

Gates was fascinated with electronics from a young age. In 1975 he read about a small technology company. He contacted them to see if they were interested in a computer programme he had written. This led to the creation of Microsoft. Gates later struck a deal with IBM that put Microsoft's Windows on IBM computers. This deal made Microsoft a major player in the IT industry.

Gates was in charge at Microsoft from 1975 until 2006. He was an active software developer at the beginning. He had a vision that computers could change everyone’s life. He helped make this vision come true and developed many products that are now part of modern life. His management style has been studied and copied around the world.

Gates stepped down as Microsoft CEO in June 2008. He now spends his time with his wife, Melinda, focusing on their charitable foundation. They provide funds for global problems that are ignored by governments and other organizations. ‘Time’ magazine voted Gates as one of the biggest influences of the 20th Century. Scientists named the Bill Gates flower fly after him.


c) To listen to the text once more and to fill in the gaps;


Task II: LISTENING GAP FILL


William Henry Gates III was born on ____________, 1955. He is one of the world's richest people and perhaps ____________ ever. He _________ the software giant Microsoft and turned it into the ___________________. He is the best-known entrepreneur of the PC revolution. He has also written two best-selling books and started his _________ with his wife.

Gates was fascinated with electronics from a young age. In 1975 he read about a small ________________. He contacted them to see if they were interested in a computer programme he had written. This led to the __________ of Microsoft. Gates later struck a deal with IBM that put Microsoft's Windows on IBM computers. This deal made Microsoft a major player in the _________.

Gates was in charge at Microsoft from 1975 until 2006. He was an active software _______ at the beginning. He had a vision that ________ could change everyone’s life. He helped make this vision come true and developed many products that are now part of modern life. His ________________ has been studied and copied around the world.

Gates stepped down as Microsoft CEO in June 2008. He now spends his time with his wife, Melinda, focusing on their ________________. They provide funds for global problems that are ignored by ______________ and other organizations. ‘Time’ magazine voted Gates as one of the biggest influences of the 20th Century. ___________ named the Bill Gates flower fly after him.



Post-listening task:


Task III: PHRASE MATCH

Match the following phrases from the article:

Task IV: SPELLING

The underlined, jumbled words are from the text. Spell them correctly.

Task V:

SCRAMBLED SENTENCES

With your partner, put the words back into the correct order.



ANSWERS

SYNONYM MATCH:


PHRASE MATCH:

SPELLING


SCRAMBLED SENTENCES

With your partner, put the words back into the correct order.

VI. Checking up of home task:

Finding interesting fact:

  1. Who’s the most spammed person in the world? You got it – Bill Gates! He reportedly receives more than 4 million emails every day.

  2. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is the largest charity in the world. To maintain its legal status as a charity, it must donate at least 5% of its assets each year. This means that it donates more than 1.5 billion each year!

  3. Bill Gates often bragged to his school teachers that he was definitely going to be a millionaire by the time he turned 30, who only laughed at him and passed him of as a child, however, not only did he keep his word but he was a billionaire by 31.

  4. Paul Allen and bill gates together found Microsoft at the age of 20, when they had not even graduated from college.

  5. Bill Gates says: “I will always choose a lazy person to do a difficult job… Because, he will find an easy way to do it”

  6. When Steve Jobs accused Bill Gates of stealing from Apple, Gates said, “Well, Steve, I think there’s more than one way of looking at it. I think it’s more like we both had this rich neighbor named Xerox and I broke into his house to steal the TV set and found out that you had already stolen it.”

  7. The city of Munich chose to migrate their administration from Windows to Linux around 10 years ago, so Bill Gates personally paid a visit to ask for their reasons. The mayor replied “Freedom from you, Mr. Gates.”

  8. Bill Gates wrote a letter to Steve Jobs when he was dying, who kept it beside his bed.

  9. At age 21 Bill Gates was arrested for speeding in his Porsche 911 and he immediately posted bail from his wallet full of cash. He also has a huge grin on his face in his mug shot.

  10. Bill Gates has saved over five million lives by “bringing vaccines and improved healthcare to children internationally”.

  11. Bill Gates received an honorary knighthood from the Queen, but due to his American Citizenship, he cannot use the title “Sir”

  12. In 1998, Bill Gates earned $1 million per hour (and almost $300 per second).

  13. In 1997, Steve Jobs used patents to pressure Bill Gates into investing $150 million into Apple stocks, because he believed Apple would go under if Microsoft didn’t have “a stake in our success”.

  14. When guests enter Bill Gates’ house they are made to wear pins that upon entering a room automatically adjust temperature, music, and lighting based on the guests’ preferences

  15. Bill Gates has patented a weather controlling machine

  16. At the beginning of his career - a hacker

  17. When the Bill was only a 13 years old, he decided to break into the school computer, but without the help of friends has not done. Then the boy was not punished, and even invited to work in one of the computer centers of Seattle, to check the "holes" in the programs.

  18. Parents are banned from the computer for a whole year

  19. Some time passed, and little Billy away access to a computer, and even forbidden to approach it. Then the parents even called PK "machine of the devil." Bill did not despair - he continued to read books about great men, and their success stories. Later, it helped.

  20. Surprising results of the exam. In 1973 he graduated from high school. He decided to continue his studies at Harvard. Bill Gates perfectly passed all the exams. He eventually scored 1590 points out of 1600 possible.

  21. Bill said that he would be a millionaire. The institute their teachers, he insisted that in 30 years will become a millionaire. Professor says that Bill can be a good programmer, but a terrible person.

  22. It is believed that Bill Gates became a billionaire at age 31. Because of the random study, in 1974, the future head of Microsoft was in a hospital bed and study stopped.

  23. The most successful. Bill Gates is the most successful man who graduated from Harvard. But Bill in a year yet finished it - but it was a formality.

  24. Steve and Bill are friends. They even went together to see their girls. There is a version that old friends began to compete because one girl envied the other. Like it or not - is unknown.

  25. Bill has built a huge mansion. The mansion called Xanadu 2.0. It was built as much as 7 years. Interestingly, only the entire area 24 toilets and 23 garages, a large kitchen area of 1000 feet. Why Bill a "lock" is also unknown.

  26. Head of Microsoft does not take the tube. He never does it, especially in the workplace, no matter who he is calling.


VII. Extra-work:

These are some facts about Bill Gates that you have found. And some facts have been sent to me by somebody that I don’t know myself. I don’t know about the source of this information but nowadays Windows users are sending this interesting information to each other through emails so there must be some truth in it.


1. Bill Gates earns US$250 every SECOND, that’s about US$20 Million a DAY and US$7.8 Billion a YEAR!

2. If he drops a thousand dollars, he won’t even bother to pick it up because during the 4 seconds he picks it, he would’ve already earned it back.

3. The US national debt is about 5.62 trillion dollars, if Bill Gates were to pay the debt by himself, he will finish it in less then 10 years.

4. He can donate US$15 to everyone on earth but still be left with US$ 5 Million for his pocket money.

5. Michael Jordan is the highest paid athlete in US. If he doesn’t drink and eat, and keeps up his annual income i.e. US$30 Million, he’ll have to wait for 277 years to become as rich as Bill Gates is now.

6. If Bill Gates was a country, he would be the 37th richest country on earth.

7. If you change all of Bill Gate’s money to US$1 notes, you can make a road from the earth to moon, 14 times back and forth. But you have to make that road non-stop for 1,400 years, and use a total of 713 BOEING 747 planes to transport all the money.


  1. Conclusion.

Imagine you are Bill Gates and have five million dollars to give to a beneficial philanthropic cause. How would you decide where to spend the money? How would you determine whether or not the cause was worthwhile? Begin the sentence with, “ If I were Bill Gates I would...” Write at least a sentences on this topic.


  1. Giving home-task:

    1. Revision of all the theme; vocabulary; prepare to control work;

    2. Topics for Essays, Oral or Written Reports

  1. From the abacus to the computer.

  2. The evolution of computers in terms of generations.

  3. Computer — a God's gift or a Devil's toy? 

  4. If I were the inventor of computer ...

  5. If there were no computers they had to be thought out.

  6. Science fiction: serving the science.

  7. The future of “Hyper TV”.

  8. Bill Gates and his schoolmates.

  9. Gate's mansion (особняк). 

  10. Gate's empire.

  11. Microsoft and IBM. 

  12. Hyper TV.



  1. Reflection.

I liked the way you worked at the lesson and now I would like to know your opinion about the lesson.

  1. Was the lesson interesting for you?

    1. Yes, of course b) I believe so

c) I don’t know d) No, it wasn’t


  1. Can you speak on this topic now?

a) Yes, I can b) I am not sure

c) It is difficult for me d) I am afraid, not


  1. Will you be able to discuss this topic?

a) I am sure, I can b) I hope, I can

c) I don’t think so d) No, I won’t


  1. What did you find the most difficult at the lesson?

a) to read the text b) answer the questions

c) to do exercises d) to understand


  1. Evaluation. Putting students marks for lesson.

  2. Today you were active at the lesson. Thank you for your attention. The lesson is over. Good-bye!





Teacher Bekturova G.Zh.



Автор
Дата добавления 02.05.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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