Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Материалы к ЕГЭ по теме

Материалы к ЕГЭ по теме

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Выбранный для просмотра документ 1.Additional Vocabulary.doc


List of Active Vocabulary

1.a hike(hiking trip)-пешеходный поход

2. a hitch-hike-путешествие автостопом

3. a travel agency

4. a package tour/holiday- путешествие по тур.путёвке

5. a booking office-касса

6. to reserve/book tickets in advance- предварительно заказать билеты

7 . departure- отправление

8. arrival- прибытие

9. to leave on dot/ on time- отправляться по расписанию

10. to be behind/ to fall behind schedule- опаздывать ( о поезде)

11. to catch the train/ plane – успеть на поезд

12. to board ( a plane, a ship, a train)- сесть на поезд ,т.д.

13. to get off ( a train)- сойти с ( поезда)

14. to travel light- путешествовать налегке

15. to check one’s luggage( baggage)- сдать багаж

16. to see somebody off- провожать кого-либо

17. to arrive at/in- прибыть в

18.a fellow-passenger- попутчик

19. a porter- грузчик

20.a left-luggage office (cloak-room, check-room)- камера хранения

21. boarding- посадка

Travelling by train

  1. a coach( carriage, car)- вагон

  2. a compartment- купе

  3. a luggage rack- багажная полка

  4. a waiting room- зал ожидания

  5. a track- путь

  6. kinds of trains:

-express train

- fast/passenger train- скорый поезд

- long-distance train- поезд дальнего следования

- local/suburban train- пригородный

- through train- Прямой, без пересадок

- electric train- электричка

7. a guard- проводник

8. car with reserved seats- плацкартный вагон

9. dining car- вагон-ресторан

10. upper/lower birth- верхняя, нижняя полка

11. bedding-постельные принадлежности

12.single/one-way ticket- билет в один конец

13. return ticket- билет в оба конца

14. to change trains/ to make a changing- делать пересадку

Выбранный для просмотра документ 10. эссе.doc


Пример выполнения задания С2 (эссе "за" и "против")

Comment on the following statement.

In recent years tourism has really taken off. However, many peo­ple think that tourism ruins everything that it touches.

What can you say for and against tourism?

Write 200-250 words.

Use the following plan:

  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • give arguments "for"

  • give arguments "against"

  • draw a conclusion based on the given arguments

Пример эссе "за" и "против"

It goes without saying that tourism can bring economic gain to the development of all countries. Nevertheless, some people think that the price for this development is too high. So is tourism a blessing or a curse?

On the one hand, tourism is extremely beneficial as it pro­vides people with jobs and brings substantial profit for the coun­try's economy. In addition, most of the money from tourism is spent on schools, roads, cultural development and maintenance of architectural sights, which otherwise would be in a sorry state. What is more, travelling is a part of people's education and it is a good way to broaden our minds. We may say that tourism brings cultures and people closer.

On the other hand, we must admit that tourism does have some disadvantages. To begin with, most popular resorts are polluted and litter has become a major problem. Besides, many an­cient monuments are being destroyed by unstoppable march of tourism. To make things still worse, the historic centres of many great European cities, such as London or Rome, are fast becom­ing occupied by tourists with clicking cameras and left by all local residents except for the souvenir sellers.

In conclusion, I want to say that the problems caused by tour­ism are not something that cannot be solved or prevented. In my opinion, tourism should be given a humanistic direction. Person­ally, I am for tourism that minimises its own environmental im­pact, respects local cultures and human rights as well as promotes knowledge and understanding.

Task C2. Comment on the following statement.

Travel broadens the mind.

Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Why?

Write 200-250 words.

Use the following plan:

  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • express your personal opinion and give reasons for it

  • give arguments for the other point of view

  • explain why you don’t agree with it

  • draw a conclusion

пример эссе "opinion"

Task C2.

Modern life is impossible without travelling. People travel the globe to see modern cities and ancient towns, to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of scene. But does travelling really broaden our minds?

To my mind , it does because when you travel you are ex­posed to things which you would probably never experience if you stayed at home. To begin with, travelling gives us an opportunity to explore the country and learn about its customs and traditions. In addition, it is a good chance to try national food and take part in national festivals. Moreover, travelling is the best way to prac­tise foreign languages and to make new friends.

However, there are people who don’t share my opinion. From their point of view, it’s better to travel to 'all inclusive hotels'. It does not really matter to them which country they are in as long as they have an opportunity to relax. They do not bother to practise a foreign language and even if they go on ex­cursions, they only take pictures and do not get any useful in­formation. They want only entertainment and relaxation during their vacation, Besides, when people travel on business, they are usually too concerned about their problems and have little time to explore the place they travel to.

Nevertheless, I do believe that travel expands people’s outlook. To my mind people live to learn something new every day. That’s why travelling can be one of the most wonderful opportunities to get in touch with various numerous possibilities to broaden your mind, to learn a foreign language or to improve it.

To sum up, I think many men, many mind . Each person has a right to choose. Travel may be very useful and informative if people do it to gain new experiences. On the contrary, if tourists are too lazy, they will not benefit from their journeys. So I may say that travel broadens the minds which want to be broadened.

Выбранный для просмотра документ 11. чтение.doc


Раздел 2. Чтение (30 минут)

Установите соответствие заголовков А-H абзацам текста 1-7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя









  1. Most of us pick up a guidebook when we're going away. But just as there are many types of travelers , so there are many styles of book. Whether you're keen to know what to see, where to stay or where to go clubbing, it's important you select the book that suits your tastes and your personality. The same destinations are visited by different types of people, all requiring something different from their guide. Travellers are very well served by the guides available, whether they are cultural guides or guides that place more emphasis on nightlife.

  2. Blue Guides are for people who take their sightseeing seriously. The guides are packed with history and full oi architectural detail. There are no pictures, but lots of diagrams of things like medieval building plans. The publishers recently introduced restaurant recommendations for the first time, and were criticised by some readers, who said that such things should not be in the guides.

  3. The Rough Guides approach has always been to explore countries as lived-in places, not just holiday destinations, and they have an in-depth emphasis on things like the kind of film the local cinema shows or the best bread in the local bakery. There is high-quality writing in these guides and the cultural sections are very strong. The founder of the Rough Guides recently criticised the casual attitude to air travel that could have a terrible • effect on global warming. Warnings will appear in all new editions of the guides about the impact of flying and these will encourage readers to 'fly less and stay longer'.

  1. Eyewitness Travel Guides are colourful, easy-to-use guides with superb graphics. For example, the building-by-building illustration of the Grand Canal in Venice is brilliant. But historical detail definitely takes second place to the illustrations, and some people may find that there is not enough cultural information. On the plus side, the "Visit Highlights' sections summarise the aspects of every destination that no visitor to the place should miss. This is an excellent feature for people on tours and only visiting places for a very short time.

  2. If you care what brand of trainers you wear. Time Out guides are for you. These are trendy guides which get much more excited about designer clothes shops than historic buildings. They are great on restaurants, bars with a good atmosphere and people-watching, and they are written in the language of modern youth, which is either exciting or annoying, depending on your point of view.

  3. Explorer Guides are straightforward and practical. They cover all the basic information required in a guidebook well, and are nicely designed with lots of colour photos. The unique selling point of these books is certainly the map, included in a pocket at the back of each book. This is very valuable for those intending to travel by car because the amount of detail in maps you can buy locally in other countries can vary considerably.

  4. Lonely Planet guides are very much aimed at back-packers and trekkers, rather than tourists on organised trips, and they oiler such people a wealth of information on places to go and how to get there. The history and culture of places are covered in a broad and general way, rather than in great detail, but the typical reader is the sort of person happy to find things out themselves and form their own impressions and views. Although the publishers are Australian, the spellings are American, so there are lots o{ words like 'color1 and 'center', which British readers might find slightly strange.








Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15—А21, обводя цифру 1,2,3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Whilst travelling in 2001, I had my first but definitely not last go at snowboarding. Rhona and I went to the Cardona ski resort, a couple of hours from Queenstown in New Zealand. We had been staying in Queenstown for a couple of weeks and had tried a couple of the local ski resorts. They had been so popular, that there was almost no room to stay. The problem for me with this was that with so many people moving around me, my eyes were constantly re-focusing. This meant that I couldn't see a thing! As I had never snowboarded before, we decided that it was going to be a problem. A guy at one of the local ski rental shops recommended that we should try Cardona.

On arrival I went straight to the Ski Patrol and explained my situation. They suggested that I should wear a vest, that they supplied, with the words 'BLIND SKIER' on the front and back on top of my jacket. They told me that this was more for the benefit of the other skiers around me. I must admit, I wasn't very keen to do this, but thought I would give it a try.

Once onto the slopes, I put my vest on and began to practise my limited skills. Because I have done some other board sports, i. e. skateboarding, surfing, etc., it wasn't too hard to learn the basics. Once I was comfortable with this, I headed off for the ski lift and the big slopes. As I stood in the queue I could hear people talking about that 'poor blind guy'. This niggled me a bit, but I decided to try to ignore it. At the top of the lift I stepped off and strapped my feet onto the board.

As we headed off I could hear more people talking about the vest. I was starting to get paranoid. Then as I gathered speed and Rhona would shout directions, I realized that the people who saw the vest were getting out of my way. Fantastic! This was better than a white stick in a crowd. We picked up speed turning left, then right, hitting a few bumps, but mainly going really well. I even managed to control the snowboard. Well, sort of control it. Before I knew it, we had zipped down a long straight slope and had come to the end of the run. The adrenaline was buzzing and I was 'high as a kite'. What a feeling. I got back on the ski lift and headed back up. This time I was going to do the run solo!

I had memorized the slope from my first run and felt very confident. Аз I came off the lift, I rushed to get started. Again, I could hear people talking about me, but now it didn't matter. The vest was a definite benefit for the novice snowboarder! I took the first stage at a steady pace, looking for my first left bend. No problems there. I found that easy enough. I was now looking for my fast approaching right bend. I missed this one completely and ended up in the safety netting at the edge of the run.

At this point, I decided I was not the world's best snowboarder and would have to take things a little slower. As the day progressed, so did my skills. I had a great time. Even taking 'air' on quite a few occasions. However this was not deliberate! I was now very wary about that bend I had missed , so I started to take it a bit earlier. Unfortunately, this meant that I would leap about 2 metres into the air. And what was more surprising than being airborne, was the fact that on half a dozen occasions, (out of about 30), 1 landed on my feet and carried on downhill. The rest of the time I fell on my bottom. I heard some people comment on how brave 'that blind guy' was. Little did they know it was lack of skill rather than bravery.

We boarded at Cardona for two days and had a fantastic time. Because it is a bit of a drive away from most of the tourist places, it is not as busy аз the other ski resorts. It is mostly visited by the locals and I think that says something. If you get the chance, I would definitely recommend Cardona. I would also like to thank the Ski Patrol for that great suggestion. Without the vest, I am sure there could have been some crashes, caused by me. But with the vest, everyone just got out of the way. However, I think that if I was to get a vest for myself, it would probably read «BLIND &DAFT».

A15. The narrator and his companion decided to choose the Cardona ski re­sort because

  1. it was a short distance from Queenstown.

  2. they couldn't find a room at other resorts.

  3. somebody said that it was worth going to.

  4. it was popular with snowboarders.

A16.The Ski Patrol suggested that the narrator should wear a vest in order to

  1. make it easier for them to locate the narrator in case of an acci­dent.

  2. make the narrator feel more confident during his first go at snow-boarding.

  3. keep an eye on him on the slope.

  4. prevent other people from colliding with him on the slopes.

A17. When the narrator was standing in the queue he

  1. felt annoyed by people's comments.

  2. felt comfortable in his vest.

  3. tried to focus his eyes on the track.

  4. tried to ignore his fear.

A18. «This» in «This was better than a white stick in the crowd» refers to

  1. the fact that people were getting out of the narrator's way.

  2. the narrator's moving at a high speed down the slope.

  3. the fact that Rhona was giving the narrator directions.

  4. the narrator's hearing more people talking about the vest.

A19.The narrator did the second run solo and he

  1. tried to memorize all the bends.

  2. failed to go round one of the bends.

  3. tried not to listen to Rhona's directions.

  4. fell down and was injured.

A20. The narrator believes that his successful leaps into the air and land­ing on his feet were due to

  1. his personal courage.

  2. people's encouragement.

  3. his intensive practising.

  4. pure chance.

A21.The narrator recommends the Cardona ski resort because

  1. of the Ski Patrol efficient service

  2. skiers are supplied with vests there.

  3. it is less crowded than other places.

  4. there are few crashes on the slopes.

По окончании выполнения заданий В2, ВЗ и А15—А21 НЕ ЗА­БУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В2—ВЗ, А15—А21располагаются в разных частях бланка.

Выбранный для просмотра документ 12. источники.doc



1.Мичугина С.В., Михалёва Е.И. Английский язык. Практикум по выполнению типовых заданий ЕГЭ.//Изд-во «Экзамен» М.,2009

2.М.Манн, Стив Тейлор- Ноулз , Ел. Клековкина. Учебное пособие для подготовки к ЕГЭ по английскому языку: грамматика и лексика.//

МасMillan Edition, Oxford, 2007

3.Mузланова Е.С. Английский язык. ЕГЭ .Учебник .// АСТ «Астрель» М.,2010

4. Марк Харрисон ,В.Симкин Оксфордские тесты по английскому языку для подготовки к ЕГЭ. // Oxford University Press 2007

5.Е.Н.Соловова, И.Е. Солокова . State Exam Maximiser, английский язык // Longman Pearson Education Ltd 2007

6.ЕГЭ .Английский язык. Контрольные измерительные материалы. 2009,2010 2011// М. «Просвещение 2009,2010 ,2011

Выбранный для просмотра документ 2.Vocabulary and Glossary.doc


Travel and transport

Topic vocabulary in contrast (See Glossary)



live / stay

view / sight

miss / lose

border / edge / line

world /earth


length / distance



guide / lead

season / period


native / home

Phrasal verbs

catch up with reach the same point/level as

pick up stop in a vehicle to give someone a lift

check in register at a hotel or an airport

pull in stop by the side of the road in a car

check out leave a hotel; investigate

run over hit with a car

drop off let someone get out of a vehicle

see off go to a train station, etc, to see someone leave

get back return from a place

set out/off start a journey

go away go on holiday

take off leave the ground

keep up with stay at the same point/level as

turn round go back in the opposite direction

make for go in the direction of

Phrases and collocations

accident have an accident; be (involved) in an accident; do sth by accident

advance in advance; advance to/towards a place

ahead go straight ahead; go ahead; be ahead of sth/sb

direction a change of direction; in the direction of sth; in this/that direction

head off the top of your head; head for/towards a place; head over heels (in love)

holiday go/be on holiday; have/take a holiday; bank holiday

left go/turn/etc left; on the left; on the left-hand side; in the left-hand corner; left-handed

routе plan your/a route; take a route

sights see the sights

sightseeing go sightseeing

speed at (high/full/etc) speed; a burst of speed; speed limit

tour go on/take a tour of/(a)round somewhere; tour a place; tour guide

trip business trip; school trip; go on a trip; take a trip (to a place)

way lose/make/find your way; in a way; on the way; go all the way (to sth/swh)

Word patterns

afraid of sth/sb/doing; afraid to do

invite sb to do

appear to be

keen to do; keen on sth/sb/dojng

arrange sth (with sb); arrange for sb to do

live in/at a place; live on/for sth; live here/there

arrive in/at a place; arrive here/there

regret (not) doing; regret sth; regret to tell/inform you

continue sth/doing; continue to do; continue with sth

think of/about sth/sb/doing

differ from sth/sb

write about sth/sb/doing; write (sth) to sb; write sb sth; write sth down

dream about/of sth/sb/doing

Word formation

arrange rearrange,arrangement

direct indirect, direction,director, (in)directly

recognise (un)recognisable, recognition

arrive arrival

distant distantly, distance

time timetable

broad breadth, broaden

enter entrance

tour tourism, tourist

culture cultural(ly), (un)cultured

inhabit inhabitant

world worldwide

differ different(Iy),difference

photograph photography, photographer, photographic


voyage (n) a long journey, especially on a ship:/f

was a long way from London to New York by sea, but the voyage was quite relaxing.

Journey (n) an occasion when you travel from one

place to another, especially over a long distance: We had a long journey ahead of us.

trip (n) an occasion when you go somewhere

and come back again: The whole family went on a trip to Florida.

travel (n) the activity of travelling; Foreign travel

never really appealed to him until he retired.

excursion (n) a short journey that you make for

pleasure: My grandmother often talks about going on excursions to the sea when she was a girl.

view (n) the things that you can see from a

particular place: We had a spectacular view of the mountains from our room.

sight (n) a person or a thing that you see that

has a particular feature: Windmills are a common sight in this part of the country.

world (n) the planet that we live on: It's easy these

days to communicate with people who live on the other side of the world.

earth (n) the land on which we live: They felt the

earth shake.

area (n) a part of a place or building: Bus services

in rural areas are not very good.

territory (n) an area of land that is controlled by

a particular country, leader or army: Russian troops crossed into Austrian territory in February 1849.

season (n) one of the four periods into which

the year is divided according to the weather: She likes to paint the changing seasons in the garden.

period (n) an amount of time: The long dry period

ended with heavy rain.

fare (n) the money that you pay for a journey:

The fare from York to Leeds has gone up.

ticket (n) a piece of paper that shows that you

have paid to do something such as travel on a train, bus, plane, etc: We'll send your tickets a week before your flight.

fee (n) an amount of money that you pay to be

allowed to do something such as join an organisatiion: The gallery charges a small entrance fee.

miss (v) to be too late for something such as a

train or bus: / missed the last train home again.

lose (v) to no longer have something: Mike lost

his job last year.

take (v) to move or carry someone or

something from one place to another: What time do you take Amy to school?

bring (v) to take someone or something with you

from one place to another: Bring a coat in case it turns cold.

Go (v) to move or travel to a place that is


from where you are now: We're planning to go to Spain this winter.

book (v) to arrange to have or use something*

at a particular time in the future: Shall I book a room for you?

keep (v) to continue to have or own something

We should keep this car and sell the other one.

arrive (v) to reach a place: What time does your

plane arrive?

reach (v) to arrive somewhere: We hoped to reach':

the camp before dark.

live (v) to have your home in a particular placed

Paris is a nice place to live.

stay(v) to live or remain in a place for a while I

as a guest or visitor: How long is he . planning to stay with you?

border (n) the official line that separates two I

countries or regions: Thousands of I refugees were fleeing across the border.

edge (n) the part of something that is furthest

from its centre: Victoria was sitting on the edge of the bed.

line (n) . a long thin mark on the surface of

something: Draw a straight line.

length (n) «, a measurement of how long something

is in size: The boat was 16 feet in length.

distance (n) -the amount of space between two

people or things: They started to walk the short distance to the camp.

guide (v) to show someone where to go by go-

ing with them: He guided them through the J forest.

lead (v) to take someone to a place by going 1

there with them, usually in front of them: The estate agent led us into the kitchen.

native (adj) living in a particular country or area

since birth: My wife's a native New Yorker,,
but I'm from Atlanta.

home (town) (n) the city or town where you lived as a

ch ild: / live in Washington, but my home town is Denver, Colorado.

Выбранный для просмотра документ 3.Word building.doc











arrive in/ at

























































Выбранный для просмотра документ 4.Travel and transport exercises part 1.doc


Travel and transport

Topic vocabulary in contrast

Choose the correct answer

1 You need a passport to cross the 7 Hurry up, or we'll the bus!

between Mexico and the United States. A avoid C drop

A edge C border B miss D lose

B. line D .rim 8 The brochure says that the hotel has

2 The hotel where we are is quite a great of the sea.

luxurious. - A appearance C sight

A living C existing B look D view

B remaining D staying 9 |must remember to a souvenir

3 When you your destination, your back from Spain for my grandmother.

tour guide will meet you at the airport. A go C bring

A arrive C reach B take D keep

B. get D achieve 10 The from London to Berlin is

4 It can be quite busy here during the about 919 kilometres,
tourist A measure C gap

A season C phase B length D distance

B period D stage 11. Make sure you a hotel before

5 David me to the train station you come to our island, especially in the

every morning. summer.

A goes C has A book C put

B takes D makes B keep , D take

6 I always enjoy our school to 12 I live in Barcelona, but my town

Ukraine. is Madrid.

A excursion C trip A birth C native

B journey D travel B home D origin

B Circle the correct word.

  1. I hope to go on a trip round the world / earth one day.

  2. You learn a lot about the local territory / area by speaking to local people.

  3. It's good to have someone to lead / guide you when you are on holiday.

  4. I get the train to work every day and the fare /fee is quite expensive.

  5. Captain Cook discovered Australia on a voyage / travel to the Pacific.

  6. Most tourist attractions in London charge an admission fee / ticket.

  7. The sunset over Niagara Falls really is a magnificent look / sight.

Phrasal verbs

C. Complete using the correct form of the words in the box.

catch « check get • go • make • pick • pull • see

1. Let's go to the airport to Grandpa off when he flies back home.

2. If it starts to rain, for a nearby cave to wait for it to pass.

3. We would like to remind all guests that they must out before midday.

4. Please in and stop so that I can buy something to drink.

5. Every Saturday night my dad us up outside the cinema.

6. I think the neighbours have away for the weekend.

7. John's up ahead so Greg is pedalling fast to up with him.

8. We're going on holiday tomorrow, but we'll call you when we back.

D Write a phrasal verb in the correct form to replace the words in italics. Add any other words you need.

  1. We can start our journey towards the mountains at dawn.

  2. Dad fetched the luggage while Mum registered at the hotel.

  3. I asked the taxi driver to let me get out outside the train station.

  4. Oh, no! I've forgotten my passport! We'll have to go back and get it!

  5. The most exciting moment is when the plane leaves the ground

  6. Stop the car! I think we've hit a dog.

  7. I don't think a horse can ever stay at the same speed as a car.

Phrases and collocations

E. Write one word in each gap.

  1. The speed in towns is 30 km/h and you shouldn't go faster than that.

  2. Why don't we the scenic route along the coast?

  3. If you buy your plane ticket advance, it's often cheaper than if you wait.

  4. I can't remember the name of the hotel we stayed at off the of my head.

  5. I'm sorry I'm late! I my way and had to ask for directions.

  6. My mum's away in Germany on a business at the moment.

  7. The bank? Well, turn left here, then go ahead for a kilometre and it's on the left.

  8. If you look on your left-hand as we turn this corner, you'll see Big Ben.

  9. I'll look round the shops in the morning and then sightseeing in the afternoon.

  1. My grandma hasn't driven since she an accident last year.

  2. I love visiting foreign places, the sights and learning about other cultures.

  3. During the 70s, many British people started to go holiday to Spain.

  4. While you're in London, you should take a tour the Houses of Parliament.

Word patterns

F. Choose the correct answer

1 I've always dreamt China.

A to visit B of visiting C I visit D visit

2 The travel agency is arranging for us at a really nice hotel.

A stay B of staying C to stay D staying

3 My dad says he always regrets more.

A to not travel B not travelling C he not travel D of not travelling

4 John seems keen how to drive as soon as he can.

A of learning B he learn C for learn D to learn

5 Now, class, I'd like you all to write a description of your last holiday.

A me B tome C it me D about me

6 When you arrive , have your passport ready.

A to the airport B in the airport C on the airport D at the airport

7 The Joneses have invited us to Australia with them this summer.

A going B forgoing C about going D to go

8 The in-flight entertainment may differ that advertised.

A to B from C in D at

Н. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the gap in the
same line.

It’s not always easy being a (1)_____.You spend half your TOUR

time making (2)______for your holiday and the other half ARRANGE

worrying about sticking to the (3) ______. I think it's relaxing TIME

sometimes to spend a holiday at home. There are no (4) ____ CULTURE

problems r you don't need someone to be the (5) ________|and PHOTOGRAPH

you know that the local (6)______ are always friendly! INHABIT

I. Complete the sentences by changing the form of the word in capitals when this is necessary.

1 Beijing has changed so much in the last few years that it's almost …..( RECOGNISE)

  1. The number of cars (WORLD) is about a billion and is increasing all the time.

  2. The new maglev trains run on a completely (DIFFER) system from ordinary


  1. Living in a foreign country really does (BRQAD) your horizons.

  2. I can't find a (DIRECT) flight from London to Delhi so I've booked one that

changes in Frankfurt.

6 All passengers must complete a visa form upon (ARRIVE) at Singapore


  1. You can still see old milestones by the side of the road in England, showing the (DISTANT) to the nearest town.

  2. The Museum of Transport has a full-sized jet plane next to the (ENTER).

Выбранный для просмотра документ 5. Grammar.doc



Present time: present simple, present continuous, present perfect simple, present perfect continuous, stative verbs

Present simple

Form statement: l/You/We/They travel...

negative: I/You/We/They don't travel. question: Do l/you/we/they travel... ?

He/She/It travels... He/She/It doesn't travel., Does he/she/it travel... ?




Current habits

Toby walks to work.

To talk about how often things happen

Angela doesn't visit us very often.

Permanent situations

Carlo works in a travel agent's.


Do you have an up-to-date passport?

General truths and facts

Poland is in the European Union.

We can also use do/does in present simple statements for emphasis.

'You don't like going by bus, do you?' Actually, I do like going by bus for short distances.'

The bus isn't quicker than the train, but it does stop right outside the factory.

Present continuous

Form statement: I am driving... You /we/They are driving... He/She/It is driving...

negative: I'm not driving... You/We/They aren't driving... or You're/We're/They're not driving.

He/She/It isn't driving... or He's/She's/It's not driving...

question: Am I driving... ? Are you/we/they driving... ? Is he/she/it driving... ?

Use Example

I Actions happening now

Mike is driving to work at the moment.

Temporary series of actions

Taxi drivers aren't stopping at the train station because of the roadworks.

Temporary situations

Are they staying in a hotel near the Olympic stadium?

Changing and developing situations

Holidays abroad are becoming increasingly popular.

Annoying habits (usually with always)

Dad is always cleaning the car when I want to use it!

Present perfect simple

Form have/has + past participle

statement: I/You/We/They have flown... negative: I/You/We/They haven't flown. question: Have l/you/we/they flown... ?

He/She/It has flown... He/She/It hasn't flown. Has he/she/it flown... ?



Situations and states that started in the past and are still true

She's had her motorbike for over six years.

A series of actions continuing up to now

We've travelled by taxi, bus, plane and train - all in the last twenty-four hours!

Completed actions at a time in the past which is not mentioned

Have you ever flown in a helicopter?

Completed actions where the important thing is the present result

I've booked the coach tickets.

Phrases such as It's the fjrst/second/etc time... are followed by the present perfect simple. It's the second time I've been on a plane.

Speakers of American English often use the past simple in situations where speakers of British English would use the present perfect simple. US: We already saw the Sphinx. UK: We've already seen the Sphinx.

Speakers of American English use gotten as the past participle of the verb'get', except when'get' means'have'or'possess'. Speakers of British English only ever use got. US: We've already gotten Dana new backpack for his summer vacation. U К: We've already got Dan a new rucksack for his summer holiday.

Present perfect continuous


statement: I/You/We/They have been travelling...

negative: I/You/We/They haven't been

question: Have l/you/we/they been travelling... ?

He/She/It has been travelling...

He/She/It hasn't been travelling.

Has he/she/it been travelling... ?



Actions continuing up to the present moment

We have been driving for hours. Can't we have a break soon?

Actions stopping just before the present moment

I'm out of breath because I've been running to get here in time.

The present perfect continuous is often used with words and phrases like all day/week/year/etc,

for, since, just, etc.

/ We've been walking for hours and I need a rest.

The present perfect continuous is not normally used with the words ever and never.

У Have you ever flown in a helicopter before?

/ Have you ever been flying in a helicopter before?

Sometimes there is very little difference in meaning between the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous and sometimes there is a difference in meaning. / / have worked at the airport for four years. - I have been working at the airport for four years. / / have read that book about cruise ships. (I have finished it.) ? I have been reading that book about cruise ships. (I have not finished it.)

Stative verbs

Stative verbs are not normally used in continuous tenses because they don't describe actions.

  • I see what you mean.

I am seeing what you mean.


Stative verbs often refer to:



believe, imagine, know, mean, think, understand


be, exist


hate, like, love, need, prefer, satisfy, want

the human senses

hear, see, smell, sound, taste


appear, look, resemble, seem

possession and relationships between things

belong to, consist of, have, include, involve, own

Some verbs (such as be, have, imagine, look, see, smell, taste, think) are stative with one meaning and non-stative with another meaning.

/ Do you have your plane ticket with you? (state: possession)

/ Are you having lunch at the moment? (action: eating)

A Circle the correct word or phrase.

  1. Elizabeth usually goes / is usually going to bed at around eleven o'clock.

  2. Dan talks / is talking on the other phone right now.

  3. We don't eat / aren't eating any meat at the moment as we're both on a diet.

  4. Does air travel get / Is air travel getting increasingly safe?

  5. My mum calls / is calling me every weekend without fail.

  6. How much do babysitters generally earn / are babysitters generally earning?

  7. You always come / You're always coming up with excuses for not having done your homework. It's so annoying!

  8. I don't go / I'm not going out much during the week, but I always try / I'm always trying to go out somewhere on Saturday night.

  9. No, the train does stop / is stopping at Cirencester on Saturdays.

10 My mum takes / is taking part in ice-skating competitions almost every weekend.

В Rewrite correctly. Change the words or phrases in bold.

  1. My dad is often getting up late on Saturday mornings.


  1. Are you speaking any other languages apart from English?


  1. I already buy all my Christmas presents and it's only October!


  1. It's the first time I'm ever having a party at home.


  1. Actually, I think Darren does works quite hard sometimes.


  1. Carlo is never eating Chinese food before.


  1. Sean already books a table for tonight.


  1. Needs Melanie any help painting her new flat?


С Complete using the correct form of the verb in brackets

  1. It's the first time (I/ever/eat) octopus!

  2. Sandy (not / see) his sister since she went to university.

  3. They (go) on holiday to Spain and won't be back until the end of

the month.

4 Poor Marusya! She (write) that essay for hours now and she still

hasn't finished!

5 (you / ever / meet) anyone famous?

6 (I / try) to get in touch with Jenny all morning, but I can't find her


  1. (I / not finish) the book yet so I can't tell you what happens.

  2. (you / already / decide) where you're going this summer?

  3. (We / live) here for the last six years.

10 (I / never / hear) such nonsense!

D Complete using the words in the box.

already before ever for just rarely since so still yet

  1. Have you dreamt of winning the lottery?

  2. I haven't worked out how to set the timer on the video

  3. My dad's lived in the same house he was born.

  4. The film's only been on a couple of minutes.

  5. Bruce has knocked three men out of the competition far.

  6. I get the chance to get any exercise - I'm just too busy.

  7. He's only got home.

  8. It's eleven o'clock and Todd hasn't come home. Where could he be?

  9. I've never met Ruth What's she like?

10 Have you finished ? That was quick!

E Choose the correct answer.

1 Ian a shower at the moment,

so could you call back in about half an hour?

A takes

В is taking

С has taken

D has been taking

2 to Ipswich before?

A Do you ever go

В Are you ever going

С Have you ever been

D Have you ever been going

3 I to all the local newspapers

and TV stations to complain.

A already write

В already writing

С have already written

D have already been writing

4 TV for the last four hours? Turn

it off and get some exercise!

A Do you watch

В Are you watching

С Watched you

D Have you been watching

5 Edik, hockey competitively or

just for fun?

A do you usually play

В are you usually playing

С have you usually played

D have you usually been playing

6 That's the first time

an answer

right today!


I get


I am getting


I have got


I have been getting

7 Jessica has left

I’m afraid afraid.








so far

8 Dan ………… in the living room while we redecorate his bedroom

A sleeps

В is sleeping

С has slept

D does sleep

9 Unfortunately, Simone a day

off very often.

A doesn't get

В isn't getting

С hasn't got

D hasn't been getting

10 Actually, I …. a cup of tea first thing every morning, but then I switch tо coffee.

A do drink

В am drinking

С have drunk

D have been drinking

F Complete using the correct form of the words in the box.

be . disagree . do . include . know . look * see . seem , understand

The City of Omsk

Everyone (1) about the stunning sights to see in Moscow and St. Petersburg.The

beautiful city of Omsk, one of the oldest cities in western Siberia, (2) not so well-
known. Unfortunately, the 2700 km journey from Moscow just (3) too far for many

travellers to Russia. For those who (4) travel there, however, there are a number of

interesting things to see and do.These (5) visiting theTobolskie and Tarskie Gates,

which were the first stone buildings in Omsk, the Museum of Local Lore and the modern shops

on Lyubinsky Avenue. When you (6) Krestovozdvizhensky Cathedral lit up in the

moonlight, you (7) why it's worth making the effort to come here.

Few historians (8) with Omsk's historical importance - it was even the capital of Russia

for a short period at the beginning of the 20th century. As travelling across Russia becomes easier, it
(9) like Omsk may also have a bright future - as a popular destination for tourists.

G Match to make sentences.

  1. I think A

  2. I'm thinking В

  3. Phil's looking С

  4. Phil looks D

  5. Claire has E

  6. Claire is having F

  7. Andy is G

  8. Andy is being H

darker hair than her sister.

I'm going to buy the new Racetrack CD.

a haircut at the moment.

for his glasses. Have you seen them?

not old enough to drive a car.

of getting Dad a CD for his birthday.

very annoying at the moment!

like he needs a holiday!

H Find the extra word in each line

International friends

  1. I've been to travelling round Europe all summer. It's the first time I've

  2. ever been going abroad, and I've had a fantastic time! I've seen

  3. loads of interesting places and I have to also made loads of new friends.

  4. I've been decided to stay in touch with them now I'm back. One of

  5. them, Giselle, is French. She was making on holiday too. We now send

  6. text messages are to each other all the time. They're usually in English

  7. because my French isn't very good! I'm planning to have visit her in

  8. France next year sometime. I hope I can. I am love meeting people from

  9. other countries! I want to have had lots of friends from all over the world!

10 Travelling certainly broadens the mind, but it also is broadens your circle of


I Write one word in each gap.

Holiday Blues

'You've (1) looking at that timetable for the last ten minutes. It can't be that

confusing!' said Sheila angrily.

'1(2) wish you'd be quiet! I've (3) a splitting headache thanks to you!'

replied Matt.


'Mum! Dad! Please! said Alison/You're both (4) very silly. (5) is no

point at all in blaming each other. That's not going to help us find out what time the next train to Budapest is due to leave.'

'You (6) quite right, darling. I (7) sorry/said Sheila.

'Me too,' mumbled Matt. 'Now, let's have another look at this timetable. Well, it (8)

like we (9) definitely missed the last train today. That was the 18.20 we just missed,

wasn't it?'

'I (10) so/said Sheila. 'I mean, it did leave at 18.20. Whether it's actually going to

Budapest or not is another question/

'Well, one thing is (11) in doubt/said Matt.

'What's that?' asked Sheila and Alison together.

'This is the worst holiday we've (12) been on/said Matt. 'Next year, we're going to

try something far less adventurous.' 'Agreed!' said Sheila and Alison.

J Complete each second sentence using the word given so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence.

Write between two and five words in each gap.

1 What's the price of the tickets, Jimmy? much

How ,.Jimmy?

2 Are these your trainers? to

Do you?

3 Sasha's not keen on team sports at all. like

Sasha team sports at all.

4 It's only her second time in a recording studio, been

She in a recording studio once before.

5 We got here three hours ago. have

We three hours.

6 I started writing this hours ago and it's still not right, writing

I hours and it's still not right.

7 This is my first experience of flying alone, time

It is the first alone.

8 Sharon's in the bath at the moment, a

Sharon at the moment.

9 Paul enjoys surprises apart from on his birthday, does

Paul surprises, just not on his birthday!

Выбранный для просмотра документ 6. Grammar exercises.doc


A Write one word in each gap.

The Great British seaside

What (1) the phrase 'the great British seaside' bring to mind? Most people, if asked

to respond (2) the top of their heads, associate (3) on holiday to places

such as Blackpool or Torquay with poor weather, old, faded attractions and a low standard of

accommodation. These days, when people are more likely to go abroad to (4) the

sights, traditional British seaside towns (5) suffering from an image problem. Now,

finally, some of the resorts (6) decided to bring their images up to date in the hope that

a (7) of direction will bring back the tourists. Many will need a lot of convincing, but

those that (8) come will find that today's Blackpool differs quite a bit (9)

the picture postcard past.

After years of neglect, Blackpool has to work hard to catch (10) with foreign destinations,

but that's precisely what it (11) doing. It's the first time so much (12)

happened to improve the place in such a short time. A massive building project, including a new

casino and indoor entertainment centre, (13) that rainy days are no longer a problem.

And it appears (14) be working. As the tourists start to make (15) the

bright lights of Blackpool once again, it seems that the great British seaside has a bright future ahead.

(1 mark per answer)

B Complete the sentences by changing the form of the word in capitals when this is necessary.

16 I've always wanted to be a travel……….. (PHOTOGRAPH) and take pictures of exotic


17 None of us were sure which ……………..(DIRECT) to go in, so we got out the map.

18 Since I was here five years ago, Delhi has changed so much that it's practically ……………..(RECOGNISE).

19 Once we got to the station, I quickly looked through the …………………….(TIME) to see when

the next train was.

20 I've got a cousin at university who is studying……………………….(TOUR) and hopes to open a


21 As we got closer to the Amazonian village, the …………….. (INHABIT) came out to meet us.

22 The …………….. (ARRIVE) of Flight 472 from Amsterdam has been delayed by one hour.

(1 mark per answer)

С Complete each second sentence using the word given so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Write between two and five words in each gap.

23 As soon as we got on the plane, the pilot told us to get off again, just

We……………..…………….. the plane when the pilot told us to get off again.

24 We arrived in Budapest two days ago. for

We……………..…………….. two days.

25 I visited Paris once before, second

This is the …………….. …………….. Paris.

26 I find it hard to go at the same speed as my husband on walking holidays, up

I find it hard to ……………..…………….. my husband on walking holidays

27 Joan has always been very fond of travelling and has been everywhere, keen

Joan has always been very and has been


28 We drove away as fast as we could, ready to begin our adventure, full

We drove away , ready to begin our adventure.

29 As the storm started, we went towards the old house, direction

As the storm started, we went the old house.

30 I'm sorry I didn't look at the hotel room before I booked it. regret

I the hotel room before I booked it.

(2 marks per answer)

D Choose the correct answer.

31 Our next door neighbour his car

every Sunday.

A is washing В washes С has washed D is wash

32 Last summer, I to the beach

almost every day.

A went

В was going

С have been

D have been going

33 'Whose is this plane ticket on the floor?'
'Oh, it to me. Thank you.'

A is belonging

В belongs

С has belonged

D belonged

34 'I'm really tired of travelling so much.'
'I thought you a bit quiet.'

A were seeming В have seemed С have been seeming D seemed

35 'You look thoughtful.'

'I about our holiday last year.'

A just think В had just thought С am just think D was just thinking

36 'You went to Chile, didn't you?'

'No, but I to Peru, which is right

next door.' A had gone В was gone С did go D was going

(1 mark per answer)

E Choose the correct answer.

37 Three people were captured at the

today trying to get into the


A line С border

В equator D edge

38 There's a fantastic from the top

of the Empire State Building!

A view С appearance

В sight D look

39 Once we get to the hotel, let's just

quickly and then do a bit of sightseeing. A set down С check in

В make up D turn up

40 I'm going to ask for directions because I
think we've our way.

A missed С mistaken

В misplaced D lost

41 We usually do go by train, even though
the car is a lot quicker.

A travel С trip

В journey D voyage

42 Passengers requiring a special meal
during the flight should inform the
airline in

A ahead С advance

В front D forward

(1 mark per answer)

Total mark: ……………. / 50

Выбранный для просмотра документ 7.Вопросы по теме.doc


Вопросы по теме


1. Why do people travel nowadays?

2. What means of traveling do you know?

3. What are the pros and cons of flying?

4. What are the advantages and disadvantages of traveling by train?

5. Which way of traveling is the cheapest? Which one is the most expensive?

6. What is your favourite way of traveling? Why?

7. Do you like to travel ? Why?

8. Have you ever traveled on foot or by bike? If not, would you like to try to? Why?

Tourism: pros and cons

1. Why do people travel?

2. What are the effects of tourism?

3. What are the favourite tourist destinations in your country?

4. Will the development of tourism bring economic gain to Russia? Why do you think so?

5. Should we reject tourism in order to preserve cultural monuments? Why?

6. What should be done to attract tourists to Russian cities and towns?

Travelling… What for?

1. Can you think of any reasons for traveling?

2. Are you fond of traveling? Why?

3. What interesting places have you already visited?

4. What countries would you like to visit?

5. Are there any reasons for traveling to the U.K.? What are they?

6. What means of traveling do you know? What are their pros and cons?

7. Which way of travel do you prefer? Why?

8. Who do you usually go on holidays with?

9. Do you take a camera when you travel? Why?

10. Do you agree that traveling broadens the mind? Why?

11. Are you for or against traveling abroad? Why?

12. What’s your idea of a good rest?

Seasons and traveling

  1. Is winter good for traveling? Where can you travel in winter?

  2. Some people say that spring is the best season of the year. Is spring good for traveling? Why/ why not?

  3. Where can you go in summer?

  4. What is the most rainy season of the year? Is it good for traveling? Why?

  5. What do you think is the best season for traveling?

  6. When and where do you prefer to travel?

Выбранный для просмотра документ 8.Task C3 Monologue.doc


Task C3 Monologue.(3-3.5 minutes)

Give a talk on travelling.

Remember to discuss:

  • why people travel nowadays

  • what the most popular tourist destinations are and why

  • why people prefer different ways of traveling

  • where you have traveled to

You will have a talk for 1.5-2 minutes. The examiner will listen until you have finished. Then he/she will ask you some questions.

A lot of people travel nowadays. It’s not surprising because distances between countries are becoming shorter due to the development of transport. Today people have lots of good reasons to travel. First of all, traveling is a part of people’s education. It goes without saying, that it’s always interesting to discover new places and new ways of life, to try foreign food and to listen to unusual musical rhythms. Besides, traveling is a good way to practice foreign languages. Another reason why people travel is to relax. City-dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun. Finally, more and more people nowadays travel around the world on business.

The most popular tourist destinations in summer are, of course, seaside resorts in warm countries such as Spain, Turkey or Italy because people want to enjoy swimming and sunbathing as well as different water sports and nice entertainment. These countries are closely followed by Australia and Canada whose popularity is growing due to the personality and culture of the people as well as the location and facilities in site. As for winter, people flock in the thousands to the slopes of popular skiing resorts in the Alps such as Chamonix in France or Zermatt in Switzerland because they have lots of comfortable hotels and offer wonderful opportunities for downhill skiing. People who enjoy visiting museums and art galleries usually go on sightseeing tours to countries like England, Germany, Greece.

There are a lot of different means of traveling and each of them has its pros and cons. When people have to visit another country, they prefer air travel because it’s faster than other means of transport although it is the most expensive way of traveling. In other cases, it is more practical and economical to go by train or bus. Modern trains are very comfortable. Besides, you van enjoy a splendid view of the countryside. And if you are hungry, you can have a meal in the dining-car. Some people prefer traveling by sea which is very exciting. If the weather is fine, you can relax on a large deck and enjoy the panoramic view of the sea. But of course if you are sea-sick, traveling by ship is not a good idea. A lot of people travel by car because it’s rather convenient. They don’t have to buy tickets and to carry heavy luggage. They can stop wherever they wish and spend as much time as they like at any place. However, this way of traveling is not as comfortable and quick as traveling by plane or by train.

As for me, I like traveling and I travel quite a lot. I have already visited some European countries, for example, France, Germany and Austria and was impressed by the beauty of their towns. I also enjoyed their national dishes which are really delicious. In summer my parents and I usually go to Bulgaria because it has a wonderful climate, a warm sea, clean beaches and comfortable hotels. I have also been to England where I had an opportunity to improve my knowledge of English. I stayed with a host family and enjoyed their hospitality. It was fantastic because I was able to get to know the English lifestyle as well as to practice the language.

Примеры заданий по устной монологической речи

Task 1. Give a talk on tourism.

Remember to discuss:

  • why tourism has taken off in recent years

  • what bad effects tourism has got, why

  • how people can solve the problems of tourism

  • whether you are for or against tourism, why.

Task 2.Give a talk on traveling.

Remember to discuss:

-why people travel nowadays

-what the most popular tourist destinations are and why

- why people prefer different ways of traveling

- where you have traveled to

Task 3. Give a talk on your travel preferences.

Remember to discuss:

-what way of traveling you prefer and why

-what types of travel you usually choose and why

- whether you think that going on a package tour is the best way of visiting foreign countries and why/why not

-what the longest journey you have ever undertaken was

Task 4 . Give a talk on tourism and travel.

Remember to discuss:

  • whether there can be a line between Ecological travel and Adventure travel

  • if you like active travel

  • which of the active types of travel seem most appealing to you: backpacking, walking, rambling, snorkeling, hiking, rafting or canoeing

  • why lots of people choose active travel nowadays

Выбранный для просмотра документ 9. Пример диалогического высказывания.doc


Пример диалогического высказывания С4

Your class has won a regional contest and has been awarded a trip. You and your friend are discussing what trip everyone in the class would enjoy. There are four options to choose from but you have to decide on one trip only:

  • a day in the European Disney Land near Paris

  • a week in Moscow

  • 10 day camping by a lake in Finland

  • 5 days at the seaside in Turkey

  • 'Hi! Have you heard the news? We are the winners of the regional contest and we can choose a trip from the following options. Where would you like to go?'

  • 'I really don't know. To tell the truth I haven't been to any of these places. A day in the European Disney Land near Paris sounds very tempting. All these rides are great fun. Besides, it's a chance to visit France. We might have time to see Paris if we don't stay in the park the whole day.'

  • 'Don't you think we are too old to enjoy this kind of entertainment and meeting cartoon characters?'

  • 'Not at all. There are different attractions for all ages in Disneyland Park. Besides, the park itself is very beautiful and you can even make a boat trip round a wonderful island.'

  • 'I don't think we'll have enough time to see everything in the park because it's quite big. Anyway, one day is not enough to get to know the city you travel to. What about spending a week in Moscow?'

  • 'That would be great! There is so much to see there: lots of museums and art galleries. Besides, I have always dreamed of visiting Red Square and the Kremlin.'

  • 'Sightseeing the whole week? It's boring. We'll be tired of museums and galleries.'

  • 'Not at all. And in the evening we could visit one of the theatres and see a world-famous performance. Besides, we could go on an unusual trip Moscow by Night. The city looks particularly gorgeous with brightly illuminated streets and buildings. This tour creates really unforgettable impressions.'

  • 'Well, that sounds interesting! But I'm afraid that many of our classmates have already been there and they won't like this idea. How about 10 day camping by a lake in Finland?'

  • 'Camping? No way! We'll have to make our meals and there are lots of mosquitoes near the lake. As for me, I am allergic to their bites.'

  • 'Well, you can use a special aerosol spray, can't you? I know that all campsites in Finland are well equipped and they are usually in picturesque places. We could go boating or fishing. I'm sure we'll have a great time there!'

  • 'Perhaps, you are right but we'll depend on the weather. What if it rains for the whole 10 days? I think it will be rather dull there. I suggest going to Turkey and have a rest at the seaside. It's warm and sunny there. Beside, we could eat lots of fruit and try national dishes. What's your opinion?'

  • 'Well, I can agree with you. We can have a great time there too: we can play volleyball, football, swim in the sea and play computer games. Besides, the hotels in Turkey are comfortable and the service is friendly.'

  • 'Right! It's very relaxing. I'm sure everybody will enjoy this trip. So what's our decision?'

  • 'Let's go to Turkey and make the best of our holiday.'

Task C4

You and your friend are going to travel during your summer hol­idays. Discuss the following destinations and choose the one you both like most of all:

  • China

  • Australia

  • UK

  • USA

'So, where shall we go this summer? As for me, I'd rather go to China. I have always dreamed of visiting this exotic country. Just imagine tasting Chinese food! Besides, we can buy exotic souvenirs and even see the Great Chinese Wall!'

'Oh, no. It's too crowded there! And it's dangerous to travel to China because we can catch a serious disease. As for Chinese food, it's too spicy for me. Besides, I can't eat with chopsticks. And you?'

'Neither can I. Well, then, let's go to Australia. It's also a unique country with different exotic animals. I have always wanted to see a platypus or a wombat. And if we stay at the seaside, we can learn windsurfing. It's very popular there.'

'I don't think that going to Australia is a good idea. It's too far. I don't feel like spending so much time on board the plane. We'll be jet-lagged, I'm afraid. Besides, the tickets are rather expensive. What is more, the ocean is full of dangerous creatures and I don't want to be eaten by a shark.'

'But we can practise our English! Moreover, we'll be able to compare Australian English and British English. I think it's worth our efforts.'

'Well, if you want to practise your English, why not go to the UK. It's much closer to Russia and it won't take us long to get there. More than that, we can buy a package tour and visit famous towns and cities, can't we?'

'Yes, we can, but I hate package tours, because there are too many excursions. Besides, I have already been there twice. Great Britain is too traditional. What I need is new impressions!'

'Well, what about the USA? Have you been there?'

'No, I haven't been there yet. But it takes you a long time to get a visa to the USA. And the tickets are rather expensive, I'm afraid.'

'Not as expensive as to Australia or China. It's a great chance to learn more about America and to make a lot of new friends because Americans are very sociable. Besides, we'll be able to compare American English and British English. What do you think of it?'

'Perhaps, I'll agree with you. America is an unusual country. I have always wanted to see skyscrapers. And I think we'll never have a chance of going there again. I'm already looking forward to climbing the Statue of Liberty.'

'So am I. And we'll see lots of other places of interest, too, for example, the White House and the Capitol.'

'That's great! Let's go to the USA this summer.'

Task C4

You and your friend are discussing how to spend your summer holidays. Discuss the following options and choose the one you both like most of all:

  • go to the country house

  • go to the mountains

  • go to the seaside

  • go on a sightseeing tour

'Wow, we have our summer holidays at last! What shall we do? Shall we go to our country house? We can swim in the lake and go fishing as usual. We can also play football with our friends. I hope we'll win this year.'

'Oh, no! Let's try something different! It's so boring in the country when the weather is bad. And the forecast says this summer will be very rainy. Besides, there is absolutely nothing to do in the evening. As for me, I have always dreamed of going to the mountains. It's so exciting! We could enjoy wonderful views, watch rare plants and drink pure water from mountain rivers.'

'Mountaineering is definitely not my cup of tea! I'm not strong enough and a mountain trip might be rather exhausting for me. Besides, it might be dangerous, too. There is always a possibility of injury and I am not a risk taker. Why not go to the seaside? It's nice and warm there.'

'Seaside? There is not much to do except staying on the beach all the time. As for me, I like active holidays. Besides, air tickets and hotel accommodation could be expensive.'

'But we could go by car and rent a room in a private house. It won't be very expensive. And in the evening we could go for a walk or to the cinema.'

'Then we'll have to cook ourselves. In this case, we'd better go camping. It's very cheap. Besides, we will be able to combine swimming in the sea with wonderful walks in the woods for berries and mushrooms. And if we're tired of one place, we can go to another and enjoy new picturesque scenery.'

'Oh no! I can't stand living in a tent. I'd prefer something more comfortable. If you want to change places I suggest going on a sightseeing tour.'

'Sightseeing tour? What is it?'

'If we go on a sightseeing tour, we'll be able to visit many world famous sights, enjoy museums and galleries, and learn a lot of interesting things.'

'That sounds exciting! We could take lots of photos and show them to our friends. Besides, it's a great opportunity to make new friends. But won't it be too expensive?'

'Not at all, because we'll travel by coach and stay at inexpensive but comfortable hotels.'

'Great] Let's choose a sightseeing tour. When shall we leave?'

C4. Task 2 (3—4 minutes).

It's summer. You and your English friend who has come to visit you are planning to go on a trip together. Discuss with her/him which of the following options you would be interested in and choose one you would both like to go on:

  • bus tour of 5 ancient Russian towns in 7 days;

  • seaside resort;

  • mountain resort;

  • boat trip.

You begin the conversation. The examiner will play the part of your English friend. Remember to:

  • discuss all the options;

  • be polite;

  • take an active part in the conversation:

  • explain the situation;

  • come up with your ideas;

  • give good reasons;

  • find out your friend's attitudes and take them into account;

  • invite your friend to come up with suggestions;

come to an agreement.


Task 2 (3—4 minutes).

You and your Russian friend (a student) are discussing different package tours to choose for your trip. The student begins the conversation.



tour of 5 ancient Russian towns in 7 days

Travelling by bus isn't comfort­
able at all, especially at night: we
wouldn't be able to sleep well.

Our fellow travellers may be too noisy so we wouldn't be able to
hear what the guide is saying.

Riding on the bus for a long time
may be exhausting.

We would visit a lot of museums
in a short period of time. We
might make a mess of the trip.

We would stay in each town
for such a short time that we
wouldn't be able to appreciate its

It is a good opportunity to
learn a lot about various cul­
tures and lifestyles.

I am interested in architec­
ture and we would be able to
see a lot of beautiful palaces,
old churches and splendid

It would be fun to try Russian
food at different cafes and

We would have a good chance
to meet a lot of interesting
people and make friends with
our fellow travellers

Seaside resort

There wouldn't be much to do
except stay on the beach all the
time. We might get bored very

I don't like the idea of lying in
the sun all day long. It might be

There are usually too many
children on the beach. They are
constantly running around, play­
ing in the sand and splashing in
water, which is annoying

There are a lot of things we
could do on the beach: riding
water bikes, diving, snorkel­
ling or water skiing.

We could stay on the beach
early in the morning or late
in the afternoon when the sun
isn't so hot.

In the afternoon we could rest
in the hotel or swim in the
hotel swimming pool.

We could eat a lot of fruit and
vegetables. They are usually
cheap in summer

Ski resort

They say it is often too cold there .
especially in the evenings and I
haven't brought warm clothes. (I
can't stand cold weather.)

We don't have any skiing equip­
ment and it is very expensive to

Downhill skiing is very risky.
Besides, I'm afraid of heights

We would be able to enjoy
magnificent mountain views.

We might also see some rare
plants and animals. That's
really exciting.

The air in the mountains is
exceptionally clean.

Experienced coaches could
teach us downhill skiing

Boat trip

We may get seasick if the sea gets
rough and we may not enjoy the
trip at all.

The cabins might be small and I
feel uncomfortable when I have
to stay in such rooms for a long

Boat trips are extremely ex­
pensive. I'm afraid my parents
wouldn't be able to afford it

Modern ships are safe and

Travelling by sea is very nice.
Looking at water around you
makes you feel relaxed.

There are a lot of things we
could do on board the ship: go
to a disco, watch a film or just
sit on the deck and sunbathe.
(They offer a wide range of
entertainment programmes
and shows on board the ship)

Note: Make sure all the options have been discussed.

Краткое описание документа:

Данный материал содержит тематический "кейс" по теме "Путешествия".Он организован согласно определённой логике: лексика по теме, упражнения на закрепление  лексики, упражнения на словообразование, вопросы по изучаемой теме, примеры устных высказываний, заданий по монологической и диалогической речи.

Кроме того,задания по лексике содержат упражнения на закрепление синонимов и антонимов , слов , близких по значению. Задания по грамматике  - упражнения на словообразование и фразовые глаголы,  тексты по чтению включают все виды экзаменационных заданий , задания по письму - личное письмо и темы для эссе мнения и эссе за и против.


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