Добавить материал и получить бесплатное свидетельство о публикации в СМИ
Эл. №ФС77-60625 от 20.01.2015
Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Методическая разработка для подготовки к ОГЭ и ЕГЭ по английскому языку "Словобразование"

Методическая разработка для подготовки к ОГЭ и ЕГЭ по английскому языку "Словобразование"


До 7 декабря продлён приём заявок на
Международный конкурс "Мириады открытий"
(конкурс сразу по 24 предметам за один оргвзнос)

  • Иностранные языки

Поделитесь материалом с коллегами:

hello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_fb31888.gifСЛОВООБРАЗОВАНИЕ

TEST 1
Make up a noun

democratic

energetic

distant

diplomatic

high

constant

traditional

boring

free

long

Georgian

musical

poetic

readable

strong

national

wide

European

organizational

deep

bright

experimental

dark

biological

naval

central

friendly

pleasant

cultural

various

healthy

clever

important

TEST 2
Make up these words negative

agree

fair

moral

fix

place

approve

polite

practical

fair

lock

pack

appoint

pleasant

connect

possible

order

complete

rational

material

believe

appear

regular

legal

trust

capable

dress

friendly

adequate

tie

true

healthy

pack

important

TEST3
Make up an adjective

enjoy

nerve

friend

scare

wind

luck

adventure

snow

differ

France

eat

fame

bore

predict

profession

nation

risk

wealth

success

child

globe

science

believe

change

agree

confident

talent

educate

real

create

TEST 4

TASK 1

Make up these nouns female

An actor a prince

a poet a steward

a waiter a host

a lion a tiger

TASK 2

Make up nouns using suffixes: -ity, -th,-dom,-ism

similar brutal

wide king

free imperial

social wise

popular original

public long

true deep

plural possible

ideal hero

global capital

active patriot

TEST 5

TASK 1

Make up nouns using suffixes: -hood, -ship,-ness,-ment

child member

fulfil boy

develop dark

appoint kind

arrange friend

rough neat

TASK 2

Make up nouns using suffixes: -er,-or,-ist

piano write

act read

use coordinate

speak art

lead drive

play cooperate

TASK 3

Make up nouns using suffixes: -ence,-ance

exist depend

disturb appear

TEST 6

TASK 1

Make up compound nouns

workway

railball

snowstep

blackman

footboard

TASK 2

Make up adjectives using suffixes: -ful,-al,-ic

use nation

harm poet

care industry

person pain

hope economy

TASK 3

Make up adjectives using suffixes:-less,-y,-en

wood rock

help wind

gold sun

dirt hope

TEST 7

TASK 1

Make up verbs using suffixes: -ize(ise), -en, and the prefix re-

National organ

call computer

build length

print central

make weak



TASK 2

Make up verbs using prefixes: dis-, un-

to agree to lock

to appear to dress

to respect to

to pack to order

to like to arrange

to organize to do

to believe to connect

to approve tofix

to place to hurt



TEST 8

TASK 1

Make up nouns using suffixes: -er,-or,-ist,-ian

teach violin

dictate kill

mathematics paint

optics walk

invent direct

TASK 2

Make up nouns using suffixes: -ion,-tion,-ation,-ment

to communicate to intend

to implement to interpret

to accuse to reflect

to object topunish

to treat to demonstrate

to celebrate to imagine

to manage to accept

to suggest to illuminate

to educate to decorate

to inform to impress

to collect to argue

to produce to construct

to equip to migrate

TEST 9

TASK 1

Make up nouns using suffixes: -ion,-tion,-ation

to adopt to situate

to formulate to describe

to explain to locate

to reduce to combine

to decorate to discriminate

to reserve to conduct

to translate to create

TASK 2

Make up adjectives using suffixes: -able,-ous,-y,-ic,-ful

Misery fan

Danger change

Luck vary

metal frost

mist rain

wonder pain

hope beauty

history joy

miracle sorrow

mystery adventure

use ambition

TEST 10

TASK 1

Make up words using prefixes: un-,il-,ir-,im-,in-, dis-

literate legal

different kind

possible believable

honest healthy

convenient advantage

comfortable agreement

TASK 2

Make up adjectives using suffixes:-ic, -al, -ing,-y,-ful,-ive,-able,-ous

botany tradition

excitement rule

relax noise

interest success

recognize invent

finance expense

fame create

profession centre

geography navy

entertain nation

educate lyrics

amazement luck

TEST 11

TASK 1

Make up adjectives using suffixes: -ive,-ic,-ent,-able,-ous,-ful,-ing,-y

attraction science

touch comfort

prosperity construction

fashion invent

differ capability

taste amaze

scare train

warn instruct

fascinate wealth

prevent health

TASK 2

Make up words using prefixes: un-,il-,ir-,im-,in-,un-,dis-

sure known

usual capable

location bearable

employed regular

freezing limited

balance popular

graceful typical

play polite

TEST 12

TASK 1

Make up words using prefixes: un-,il-,ir-,im-,in-, dis-, mis-

Capable pact

Adequate damaged

Decided declared

Mature logical

memorial modest

mortal solve

position place

play order

miss like

active habited

accurate liberal

understand fortune

lead corporate

resolute relevant

sure count

honourable locate

TASK 2

Make up nouns using suffixes: -ence,-ance

to coincide to insure

to insist to interfere


TESTS FOR GRADES 6—7
(FEDERAL STATE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS)

VARIANT I

TASK 1

First books were made of wood, clay or skins of animals KILL

Paper came to Europe from China.All books were decorated BEAUTY

The of printing was a great event in the history INVENT

Modern books are very , INTEREST

They help people get information , QUICK

TASK 2

I live in Russia. It’sthe country in the world. BIG

It has many rivers, hills, seas an CITY

The capital of Russia Moscow BE

country is large WE

It many lakes. HAVE

The lake is Lake Baikal DEEP

TASK 3

My parents and I like (go) to the Black Sea in summer. The water in the sea (be) usually clean and warm. Look! The sun (shine) brightly in the blue sky.The wind (blow)now. But when it (be) too hot I (not like)it.

Last year I (go) to the sea again. It (be) wonderful. We (swim) and (sunbathe) every day. Sometimes we (collect) shells and pebbles. It (be) great!

TASK 4

  1. I often_________________________________.

(A) TRAVEL(B)TO TRAVEL(C) TRAVELLING

  1. Bob is _________________________than John.

(A)TALL(B) TALLER(C) THE TALLEST

  1. Yesterday we __________________ to the park.
    (A)GO(B) GOES(C)WENT

VARIANT II

TASK 1

I have got a little puppy. I want it to be a dog. WONDER

My dog needs a room to live in SPACE

The dog can be , if you don’t teach it DANGER

I feed my dog twice a day, as I want it to be . HEALTH

I oftenplay with my puppy. It’s so . FUN

TASK 2

I have got a cat. It’s grey and white. It usually milk DRINK

It in a special place SLEEP

It many toys and a scratching post HAVE

But we a cat flap for our doors NOT HAVE

In the evening I like to play with pet. I

TASK 3

If you want your dog (obey) your commands you must (teach) it. (Not let) your dog (jump)up. It can(scratch) you. When the dog (be) off its lead, it must learn (come) back. Look! The puppy (carry) an object. Take it from (it) mouth and say: “Drop”. Take your dog out for a walk. It (need)a lot of exercise.

TASK 4

1.I am proud your progress.

(A) AT (B) OF (C) TO

2.“Where are you? We are waiting _________ you!”

(A)FOR (B) TO (C) AT

3. Peter is good _____________ Maths.

(A)IN (B) AT (C) ON



VARIANT III

TASK 1

Trafalgar Square is the centre of London. GEOGRAPHY

It was built to commemorate the victory of Britain NAVY

A lot of tourists come to this square every day FAME

It is busy and all year round NOISE

I am sure this place is very and is worth INTEREST

. VISIT

TASK 2

London the capital of Great Britain BE

The Romans a settlement on the river Thames FOUND

than 2000 years ago MANY

It Londinium. CALL

Now this large and prosperous city a lot of sightseeings HAVE

TASK 3

Not far from Trafalgar Square there (be) a quiet little street.It is Downing Street. At number 10 each Prime Minister (live). (Walk) forwardwe come to Parliament Square. Westminster Abbey (situate) here. It (found) in the 11-th century. Almost all British kings and queens (crown) here.

TASK 4

  1. Mylittle sistercomes_________home at half past five.

(A)A (B) THE (C)

  1. Our classroom is on __________ second floor.

(A)(B) A (C) THE

  1. Russia is washed by the ocean in ___________ north.

(A)THE (B) — (C) A

VARIANT IV

TASK 1

A hundred years ago football was not ____________________. PROFESSION

The _______________ worked during the week and played in the PLAY
public park on Saturday. Football was a game for real ______________. GENTLE

Football today in Great Britain is big _____________________________. BUSY

A lot of money is spent for __________________ good players. TRAIN

Still football is a _____________________________ game. WONDER

TASK 2

The USA __________ a young country. BE

Its ________________ history is only a few hundred years old. WRITE

______________ than320 million people live there. MANY

They are a mixture of many different ___________________. NATIONALITY
Americans are not afraid of new ideas. They put the ______________ ONE
man on the Moon. Americans __________________ in old traditions, too. INTEREST

This country is worth ____________________. VISIT

TASK 3

The USA (be) a large country.If you (go) to the US, you (see) itsdifferent natural wonders.The country (have) almost every kind of weather. Many rivers (cross) it. But the (great) is the Mississippi.The Grand Canyon (be) one of the main tourist attractions.The river Colorado (form) it millions of years ago.

TASK 4

  1. Please listen ___________ me!

(A) AT (B)TO (C)—

  1. It’s too hot in the room! Can I take _________ my coat?

(A) ON (B)OFF (C) UP

  1. He is afraid _________ big dogs.

(A) OF (B)OFF (C) with

VARIANT V



TASK 1

Grandfather sat down on the ________________________ seat, WOOD
looking at Heidi. He was sad and silent. His eyes were _______________. HAPPY
_______________ he stood up and made the fire burn well. SUDDEN

He cut a big piece of _______________________ cheese and put it near the fire LOVE
until it was ____________________and brown on all its sides. GOLD

TASK 2

Evening ____________ , COME
and the wind in the fir trees grew __________________________. STRONG

Suddenly the girl heard the sound of many _________________. FOOT

The goats ________________________________ down the mountains. CLIMB

Oh, are they all ___________?” cried Heidi. OUR

TASK 3

Heidi (look) round the room.

Where I (go) to sleep, Grandfather?”

Where you (want)”, he said. Heidi (see) some steps in the corner. She (climb) up them, and (find) herself in a room under the roof. There (be) hay on the floor. Through the window she (can) see the mountains.

TASK 4

  1. He went to school ________ the age of 7.

(A) AT (B)IN (C) ON

  1. It was ___________ the third of May.

(A) IN (B)ON (C)AT

  1. They are looking _____ the blackboard.

(A) TO (B)IN (C) AT

VARIANT VI

TASK 1

In her ________________________ Heidi lived in the Swiss Alps. CHILD

Then she went to Frankfurt and had lessons there. They were dull and __________ BORE
for her. In the afternoon Heidi sat and thought _______________ about her home. SAD

She missed the ______________________ mountains and her little SNOW
____________________ house. At night she lay awake for hours, and she often WOOD
cried very _________________________. QUIET

TASK 2

One afternoon, while Clara _____________________________, SLEEP
Grandma ____________________ Heidi to her room. CALL

She gave a book to the girl and listened to the girl. Her reading _________ GET
______________ and _________________.But then the old lady GOOD
went back home and Clara _________________read to her any more. NOT CAN

TASK 3

One morning Sebastian (come) down and (find) the big front door open. “A thief (get) in” he thought. The servants (look) in every room. Nothing had been stolen! But in the morning the door (be) wide open again. The same thing (happen) day after day. The servants (not go) to sleep one night. Suddenly they (hear) a strange noise. It (be) Heidi, in her white nightdress, (stand) on the doorstep.

TASK 4

  1. The room is next _____ the bathroom.

(A)TO (B) AT (C) IN

  1. We can see a nice garden ____________the picture.

(A) AT (B) IN (C) ON

  1. Our friends arrived __________ the station at 5.

(A) TO (B) AT (C) IN

VARIANT VII



TASK 1

Father Wolf was very cross with Shere Khan. He spoke ______________________ QUIET
but his eyes shone ___________________. ANGRY

He looked _____________ at all the cubs and made no sound. CAREFUL

Baloo, the __________________ brown bear, who taught the wolf-cubs the Law SLEEP
of the Jungle, stood up and spoke. Then it was Bagheera, who promised a ______________ NEW
killed bull for the child.

TASK 2

The Law of the Jungle was clear: when cubs ____________________ stand CAN
on their ________________ , theywere brought to the Pack meeting at full noon. FOOT

One after ________________, a father or mother pushed a cub to the open space OTHER
before the Leader. Then ________________ looked at Mowgli. EVERY

He sat there,_______________ and playing with some little round stones. LAUGH

TASK 3

A roar (come) from outside the ring of (wolf) – the voice of Shere Khan,

The cub is (my). Give(he) to me. Why you (want) a man’s cub?”Akela(not move) his ears.

Who (speak) for the cub?” he asked. There (be) no answer, and Mother Wolf (be) ready for the fight.

Suddenly a black shape (drop) into the ring of (wolf). It (be) Bagheera the Black Panther. Nobody (want) to quarrel with (he). He was (quick) and (brave) than any other animal.

TASK 4

  1. He is fond ___________ travelling

(A) IN (B)AT (C) OF

  1. We were surprised ____________ her joke.

(A) AT (B) ON (C) OF

  1. You can always rely _____ your friend

(A) OF (B) AT (C) ON

VARIANT VIII

TASK 1

A hundred years ago people believed that all the different sorts of __________things LIVE
were put in this world by some ___________ power many thousand years ago. MYSTERY
It was Charles Darwinwho showed that this was just a____________ legend. TYPE
As a boy Darwin loved to walk, ______________ insects, flowers and minerals
. COLLECT

He liked to watch his elder brother making ___________ experiments. CHEMISTRY

He spent a lot of time with a ____________, his friend, watching animals. ZOO

TASK 2

The British Museum has one of the ______________ libraries in the world. LARGE

You can find here one of the __________ English books printed by Saxton. ONE

Saxton was a printer who lived in the ___________________ century. FIFTEEN

He ____________ the first printing-press in England. MAKE
In the reading room of the British Museum many famous __________________ MAN
Have read and studied.

TASK 3

The British Museum (have) a copy of every book that (print) in the English language, so that there are (many) than 6 million books there. They (receive) nearly two thousand books and papers (day).The Library (have) a very big collection of(print) books and manuscripts, both old and new.

TASK 4

  1. He looks ___________ my little sister on Sunday.

(A) AT (B) ON (C) AFTER

  1. My Dad gave ___________ smoking last month.

(A) IN (B) UP (C) TO

  1. Russia is rich ____________ forests.

(A) OF (B) ON (C) IN



VARIANT IX

TASK1

After the Great Fire, Sir Christopher Wren, the__________________ architect FAME
of those daystook part inthe ___________________ of the city. CONSTRUCT

The greater part of the houses in old London were ____________. WOOD

The old church of St. Paul was among the old and shabby _______________ BUILD
destroyed by the fire. In its place Wren built a ______________ WONDER
cathedral where he was buried after his______________________. DEAD



TASK 2

In 1666 the Great Fire ____________ out in London. As the summer was hot the fire BREAK
spread ________________ than usual. FAST

The Thames ___________________ with boats full of people. COVER

On the other side of the river one could see people __________up tents. PUT

The fire destroyed the ___________________part of the city. OLD

TASK 3

Can you tell us what women (wear)? It (depend) on the season of the year. Usually it (be) a skirt and a blouse or a dress.If it (be) cold, they wear a coat.A pair of gloves and a hat (be) necessary. They also prefer(wear) stockings and shoes.
Can you tell us what men (wear)? They like(wear) a shirt and trousers, a coat or a jacket, socks and shoes. If it (be) cold, they put on a coat, a cap or a hat and a pair of gloves.
if it (rain), both men and women wear a raincoat.

TASK 4

  1. My puppy is full __________fun.

(A) OF (B) IN (C) AT

  1. There is a monument __________ Pushkin in Moscow

(A) OF (B) AT (C) TO

  1. We arrived ______________ China in April

(A) AT (B) IN (C) TO

VARIANT X

TASK 1

The three gardeners looked very sad and _________________________. HAPPY

Suddenly they saw the Queen. It was a very strange ___________________. PROCESS

Ten _________________________ came in front of all the others. GUARD

They were like the ______________________________ but had a bit GARDEN
_________________ clothes. DIFFER

TASK 2

The ____________________________ flowers in the garden were the roses. PRETTY

Alice _________________________ to look at them.She saw three gardeners STOP
who __________________________ hard to make white roses red. WORK

Whythey _______________ that?” Alice wondered looking DO
at ______________. THEY

TASK 3

The procession (move) on, but three soldiers (stay) to cut the gardeners’ heads off. The gardeners (run) to Alice for help, and she (put) (they) into a big flower pot. “(Not be afraid)”, she said. “They (not cut) your heads off.“The Queen (stop) and looked at the soldiers. “(They) heads (go), if you please,” they shouted to (she).

TASK 4

  1. The girl looked _____ her mother anxiously.

(A) AT (B) UP (C) AFTER

  1. What are you looking______________”? My bag.”

(A) AT (B) FOR (C) AFTER

  1. She looked ___________ the old lady at night.

(A) AT (B) FOR (C) AFTER

Ключи к заданиям

Test1

Democratic — democracy

Energetic — energy

Distant — distance

Diplomatic — diplomacy, diplomat

High — height

Constant — constancy

Traditional — tradition

Boring — boredom

Free — freedom

Long — length

Georgian — Georgia

Musical — music, musician

Poetic — poetry, poem, poet, poetess

Readable — reading, reader

Strong — strength

National — nation, nationality

Wide — width

European — Europe

Organizational — organization

Deep — depth

Bright — brightness

Experimental — experiment

Dark — darkness

Biological — biology, biologist

Naval — Navy

Central — centre

Friendly — friend, friendship

Pleasant — pleasure

Cultural — culture

Various — variety

Healthy — health

Clever — cleverness

Important — importance



Test 2

Agree — disagree

Fair — unfair

Moral — immoral

Fix — unfix

Place — displace

Approve — disapprove

Polite — impolite

Practical — impractical

Fair — unfair

Lock — unlock

Pack — unpack

Appoint — disappoint

Pleasant — unpleasant

Connect — disconnect

Possible — impossible

Order — disorder

Complete — incomplete

Rational — irrational

Material — immaterial

Believedisbelieve

Appear — disappear

Regular — irregular

Legal — illegal

Trust — distrust

Capableincapable

Dress — undress

Friendly — unfriendly

Adequate — inadequate

Tie — untie

True — untrue

Healthy — unhealthy

Pack — unpack

Important — unimportant

Test 3

Enjoy — enjoyable

Nerve — nervous

Friend — friendly

Scare — scary

Wind — windy

Luck — lucky

Adventure — adventurous

Snow — snowy

Differ — different

France — French

Eat — eatable

Fame — famous

Bore — boring

Predict — predictable

Profession — professional

Nation — national

Risk — risky

Wealth — wealthy

Success — successful

Child — childish

Globe — global

Science — scientific

Believe — believable

Change — changeable

Agree — agreeable

Confident — confidential

Talent — talented

Educate — educational

Real — realistic

Create — creative



Test 4

TASK 1

Make up these nouns female

an actor an actress a prince a princess

a poet apoetess a steward a stewardess

a waiter awaitress a host a hostess

a lion a lioness a tiger a tigress

TASK 2

Make up nouns using suffixes: -ity, -th,-dom,-ism

similar similarity brutal brutality

wide width king kingdom

free freedom imperial imperialism

social socialism wise wisdom

popular popularity original originality

public publicity long length

true truth deep depth

plural pluralism possible possibility

ideal idealism hero heroism

global globalism capital capitalism

active activity patriot patriotism

Test5

TASK 1

Make up nouns using suffixes: -hood, -ship,-ness,-ment

child childhood member membership

fulfil fulfilment boy boyhood

develop development dark darkness

appoint appointment kind kindness

arrange arrangement friend friendship

rough roughness neat neatness

TASK 2

Make up nouns using suffixes: -er,-or,-ist

piano pianist write writer

act actor read reader

use user coordinate coordinator

speak speaker art artist

lead leader drive driver

play player cooperate cooperator

TASK 3

Make up nouns using suffixes: -ence,-ance

exist existence depend dependence

disturb disturbance appear appearance

Test 6

TASK 1

Make up compound nouns

work way

rail ball

snow step

black man

foot board

TASK 2

Make up adjectives using suffixes: -ful,-al,-ic

to use useful nation national

harm harmful poet poetic

to care careful industry industrial

person personal pain painful

hope hopeful economy economic, economical

TASK 3

Make up adjectives using suffixes:-less,-y,-en

wood wooden rock rocky

help helpless wind windy

gold golden sun sunny

dirt dirty hope hopeless

Test 7

TASK 1

Make up verbs using suffixes: -ize(ise), -en, and the prefix re-

national nationalize organ organize

call recall computer computerize

build rebuild length lengthen

print reprint central centralize

make remake weak weaken

TASK 2

Make up verbs using prefixes: dis-, un-

to agree to disagree to lock to unlock

to appear------- to disappear to dress to undress

to respect to disrespect to trust to distrust

to pack to unpack to order to disorder

to like to dislike to arrange to disarrange

to organize to disorganize to do to undo

to believe to disbelieve to connect to disconnect

to approve to disapprove to fix to unfix

to place to displace to hurt to unhurt

Test 8

TASK 1

Make up nouns using suffixes: -er,-or,-ist,-ian

teach teacher violin violinist

dictate dictator kill killer

mathematics mathematician paint painter

optics optician walk walker

invent inventor direct director

TASK 2

Make up nouns using suffixes: -ion,-tion,-ation,-ment

to communicate communication to intend intention

to implement implementation to interpret interpretation

to accuse accusation to reflect reflection

to object objection topunish punishment

to treat treatment to demonstrate demonstration

to celebrate celebration to imagine imagination

to manage management to accept acception

to suggest suggestion to illuminate illumination

to educate education to decorate decoration

to inform information to impress impression

to collect collection to argue argument

to produce production to construct construction

to equip equipment to migrate migration

Test 9

TASK 1

Make up nouns using suffixes: -ion,-tion,-ation,

to adopt adoption to situate situation

to formulate formulation to describe description

to explain explanation to locate location

to reduce reduction to combine combination

to decorate decoration to discriminate discrimination

to reserve reservation to conduct conduction

to translate translation to create creation

TASK 2

Make up adjectives using suffixes: -able,-ous,-y,-ic,-ful

misery miserable fan fanatic

danger dangerous change changeable

luck lucky vary various

metal metallic frost frosty

mist misty rain rainy

wonder wonderful pain painful

hope hopeful beauty beautiful

history historic joy joyful

miracle miraculous sorrow sorrowful

mystery mysterious adventure adventurous

use useful ambition ambitious

Test 10

TASK 1

Make up words using prefixes: un-,il-,ir-,im-,in-, dis-

literate illiterate legal illegal

different indifferent kind unkind

possible impossible believable unbelievable

honest dishonest healthy unhealthy

convenient inconvenient advantage disadvantage

comfortable uncomfortable agreement disagreement

TASK 2

Make up adjectives using suffixes:-ic, -al,-ing,-y,-ful,-ive, -able, -ous

botany botanic tradition traditional

excitement exiting rule ruling

relax relaxing noise noisy

interest interesting success successful

recognize recognizable invent inventive

finance financial expense expensive

fame famous create creative

profession professional centre central

geography geographical navy naval

entertain entertaining nation national

educate educational lyrics lyrical

amazement amazing luck lucky

Test 11

TASK 1

Make up adjectives using suffixes: -ive,-ic,-ent,-able,-ous,-ful,-ing,-y

attraction attractive science scientific

touch touching comfort comfortable

prosperity prosperous construction constructive

fashion fashionable invent inventive

differ different capability capable

taste tasty amaze amazing

scare scary train training

warn warning instruct instructive

fascinate fascinating wealth wealthy

prevent preventive health healthy

TASK 2

Make up words using prefixes: un-,il-,ir-,im-,in-,un-,dis-, mis-

sure unsure known unknown

usual unusual capable incapable

location dislocation bearable unbearable

employed unemployed regular irregular

freezing unfreezing limited unlimited

balance misbalance popular unpopular

graceful ungraceful typical untypical

play display polite impolite

Test 12

Make up words using prefixes: un-,il-,ir-,im-,in-, dis-, mis-

capable incapable pact impact

adequate inadequate damaged undamaged

decided undecided declared undeclared

mature immature logical illogical

memorial immemorial modest immodest

mortal immortal solve dissolve

position disposition place displace

play display order disorder

miss dismiss like dislike

active inactive habited inhabited

accurate inaccurate liberal illiberal

understand misunderstand fortune misfortune

lead mislead corporate incorporate

resolute irresolute relevant irrelevant

sure unsure count discount

honourable dishonourable locate dislocate

Make up nouns using suffixes: -ence,-ance

to coincide coincidence to insure insurance

to insist insistence to interfere interference


Ключи к комбинированным тестам

VARIANTI

TASK 1

First books were made of wood, clay or skins of killed animals. KILL

Paper came to Europe from China.All books were beautifully decorated. BEAUTY

Theinventionof printing was a great event in the history. INVENT

Modern books are very interesting. INTEREST

They help people get information quickly. QUICK

TASK 2

I live in Russia. It’sthe biggest country in the world. BIG

It has many rivers, hills, seas and cities. CITY

The capital of Russia is Moscow. BE

Our country is large. WE

It has many lakes. HAVE

The deepestlake is Lake Baikal. DEEP

TASK 3

My parents and I like to goto the Black Sea in summer. The water in the sea is usually clean and warm. Look! The sun is shining brightly in the blue sky. The wind is blowingnow. But when it is too hot I don’t likeit.

Last year I went to the sea again. It was wonderful. We swam and sunbathedevery day. Sometimes we collected shells and pebbles. It wasgreat!

TASK 4

1. I often___А______________________________.

(A) TRAVEL (B) TO TRAVEL (C) TRAVELLING

2.Bob is _____В____________________than John.

(A) TALL (B) TALLER (C) THE TALLEST

3. Yesterday we _____С_____________ to the park.

(A) GO (B) GOES (C) WENT

VARIANT II

TASK 1

I have got a little puppy. I want it to be a wonderfuldog. WONDER

My dog needs a spaciousroom to live in. SPACE

The dog can bedangerous, if you don’t teach it. DANGER

I feed my dog twice a day, as I want it to be healthy. HEALTH

I often play with my puppy. It’s so funny. FUN

TASK 2

I have got a cat. It’s grey and white. It usuallydrinks milk. DRINK

It sleeps in a special place. SLEEP

Ithas many toys and a scratching post. HAVE

But we don’t have a cat flap for our doors. NOT HAVE

In the evening I like to play with mypet. I

TASK 3

If you want your dog to obey your commands you must teach it. Don’t let your dog jump up. It canscratch you. When the dog is off its lead, it must learn to come back. Look! The puppy is carryingan object. Take it from its mouth and say: “Drop”. Take your dog out for a walk. It needsa lot of exercise.

TASK 4

1.I am proud ______B_______ your progress.

(A) AT (B) OF (C) TO

2.“Where are you? We are waiting ____A_____ you!”

(A)FOR (B) TO (C) AT

3. Peter is good _____B________ Maths.

(A)IN (B) AT (C) ON



VARIANT III

TASK 1

Trafalgar Square is the geographicalcentre of London. GEOGRAPHY

It was built to commemorate the naval victory of Britain. NAVY

A lot of tourists come to this famous square every day. FAME

It is busy and noisy all year round. NOISE

I am sure this place is very interesting and is worth INTEREST
visiting. VISIT

TASK 2

London is the capital of Great Britain. BE

The Romansfoundeda settlement on the river Thames FOUND
more than 2000 years ago. MANY

It was calledLondinium. CALL

Now this large and prosperous city has a lot of sightseeings. HAVE

TASK 3

Not far from Trafalgar Square there is a quiet little street.It is Downing Street. At number 10 each Prime Minister lives. Walking forwardwe come to Parliament Square. Westminster Abbey is situated here. It was founded in the 11-th century. Almost all British kings and queens were crowned here.

TASK 4

1.My little sister comes___C______home at half past five.

(A) A (B) THE (C) ---

2. Our classroom is on ______C____ second floor.

(A) --- (B) A (C) THE

3. Russia is washed by the ocean in ______A_____ north.

(A) THE (B) --- (C) A

VARIANT IV

TASK 1

A hundred years ago football was not professional. PROFESSION

The players worked during the week and played in the PLAY
public park on Saturday. Football was a game for real gentlemen. GENTLE

Football today in Great Britain is big business. BUSY

A lot of money is spent fortraining good players. TRAIN

Still football is awonderfulgame. WONDER

TASK 2

The USA is a young country. BE

Its written history is only a few hundred years old. WRITE

Morethan 320 million people live there. MANY

They are a mixture of many different nationalities. NATIONALITY

Americans are not afraid of new ideas. They put the first ONE
man on the Moon. Americans are interested in old traditions, too. INTEREST

This country is worth visiting. VISIT

TASK 3

The USA is a large country. If you go to the US, you will see itsdifferent natural wonders. The country has almost every kind of weather. Many rivers cross it. But the greatestis the Mississippi. The Grand Canyon is one of the main tourist attractions. The river Colorado formed it millions of years ago.

TASK 4

  1. Please listen __B_________ me!

(A) AT (B) TO (C)---

  1. It’s too hot in the room! Can I take ____B_____ my coat?

(A) ON (B) OFF (C) UP

  1. He is afraid ____B_____ big dogs.

(A) OF (B) OFF (C) with

VARIANT V

TASK 1

Grandfather sat down on the wooden seat, WOOD
looking at Heidi. He was sad and silent. His eyes were unhappy. HAPPY

Suddenly he stood up and made the fire burn well. SUDDEN

He cut a big piece of lovely cheese and put it near the fire LOVE
until it was goldenand brown on all its sides. GOLD

TASK 2

Evening came, COME
and the wind in the fir trees grewstronger. STRONG

Suddenly the girl heard the sound of many feet. FOOT

The goats were climbing down the mountains. CLIMB

Oh, are they allours?” cried Heidi. OUR

TASK 3

Heidi lookedround the room.

Where will I goto sleep, Grandfather?”

Where you want ,” he said.Heidisaw some steps in the corner. She climbed up them, and foundherself in a room under the roof. There was hay on the floor. Through the window she couldsee the mountains.

TASK 4

  1. He went to school _____B___ the age of 7.

(A) AT (B) IN (C) ON

  1. It was _____B______ the third of May.

(A) IN (B) ON (C) AT

  1. They are looking ____C_ the blackboard.

(A) TO (B) IN (C) AT

VARIANT VI

TASK 1

In her childhoodHeidi lived in the Swiss Alps. CHILD

Then she went to Frankfurt and had lessons there. They were dull and boring BORE
for her. In the afternoon Heidi sat and thought sadly about her home. SAD

She missed the snowymountains and her little SNOW
woodenhouse. At night she lay awake for hours, and she often WOOD
cried very quietly. QUIET

TASK 2

One afternoon, while Clara was sleeping, SLEEP

Grandma called Heidi to her room. CALL

She gave a book to the girl and listened to her. Her reading was getting GET
better andbetter.But then the old lady GOOD
went back home and Claracouldn’tread to her any more. NOT CAN

TASK 3

One morning Sebastian came down and foundthe big front door open. “A thief has gotin” he thought. The servantslooked in every room. Nothing had been stolen! But in the morning the door was wide open again. The same thing happened day after day. The servants didn’t go to sleep one night. Suddenly they heard a strange noise. It was Heidi, in her white nightdress, standing on the doorstep.

TASK 4

1. The room is next ___A__ the bathroom.

(A) TO (B) AT (C) IN

2. We can see a nice garden ______B______the picture.

(A) AT (B) IN (C) ON

3. Our friends arrived ____A______ the station at 5.

(A) TO (B) AT (C) IN

VARIANT VII

TASK 1

Father Wolf was very cross with Shere Khan. He spoke quietly QUIET

but his eyes shone angrily. ANGRY

He looked carefully at all the cubs and made no sound. CAREFUL

Baloo, thesleepybrown bear, who taught the wolf-cubs the Law SLEEP
of the Jungle, stood up and spoke. Then it was Bagheera, who promised a newly NEW
killed bull for the child.

TASK 2

The Law of the Jungle was clear: when cubs couldstand CAN
on their feet , theywere brought to the Pack meeting at full noon. FOOT

One afteranother, a father or mother pushed a cub to the open space OTHER
before the Leader. Then everybody looked at Mowgli. EVERY

He sat there,laughing and playing with some little round stones. LAUGH

TASK 3

A roar camefrom outside the ring of wolves– the voice of Shere Khan.

The cub is mine. Give him to me. Whydoyou wanta man’s cub?”Akeladidn’t move his ears.

Who will speak for the cub?” he asked. There was no answer, and Mother Wolf was ready for the fight.

Suddenly a black shade dropped into the ring of wolves.It wasBagheera, the Black Panther. Nobodywantedto quarrel with him.He was quicker and braver than any other animal.

TASK 4

1. He is fond ________C___ travelling

(A) IN (B)AT (C) OF

2. We were surprised _______A_____ her joke.

(A) AT (B) ON (C) OF

3. You can always rely ____C_ your friend

(A) OF (B) AT (C) ON

VARIANT VIII

TASK 1

A hundred years ago people believed that all the different sorts of livingthings LIVE
were put in this world by some mysterious power many thousand years ago. MYSTERY
It was Charles Darwinwho showed that this was just atypical legend. TYPE

As a boy Darwin loved to walk, collecting insects, flowers and minerals. COLLECT

He liked to watch his elder brother making chemical experiments. CHEMISTRY

He spent a lot of time with a zoolist, his friend, watching animals ZOO

TASK 2

The British Museum has one of the largestlibraries in the world. LARGE

You can find here one of the first English books printed by Saxton. ONE

Saxton was a printer who lived in the fifteenthcentury. FIFTEEN

Hemadethe first printing-press in England. MAKE

In the reading room of the British Museum many famousmen MAN
have read and studied.

TASK 3

The British Museumhasa copy of every book that is printed in the English language, so that there are morethan 6 million books there. They receive nearly two thousand books and papers daily. The Library hasa very big collection of printed books and manuscripts, both old and new.

TASK 4

1. He looks _______C____ my little sister on Sunday.

(A) AT (B) ON (C) AFTER

2. My Dad gave _____B______ smoking last month.

(A) IN (B) UP (C) TO

3. Russia is rich ______C______ forests.

(A) OF (B) ON (C) IN

VARIANT IX

TASK 1

After the Great Fire, Sir Christopher Wren, the famousarchitect FAME

of those days took part inthe construction of the city. CONSTRUCT

The greater part of the houses in old London werewooden. WOOD

The old church of St. Paul was among the old and shabby buildings BUILD

destroyed by the fire. In its place Wren built a wonderful WONDER

cathedral where he was buried after hisdeath. DEAD

TASK 2

In 1666 the Great Fire brokeout in London. As the summer was hot the fire BREAK
spread faster than usual. FAST

The Thames was covered with boats full of people. COVER

On the other side of the river one could see people puttingup tents. PUT

The fire destroyed the oldestpart of the city. OLD

TASK 3

Can you tell us whatwomen wear? It depends on the season of the year. Usually it is a skirt and a blouse or a dress. If itis cold, they wear a coat. A pair of gloves and a hat are necessary. They also preferwearing stockings and shoes.

Can you tell us whatmen wear? They likewearing a shirt and trousers, a coat or a jacket, socks and shoes. If it is cold, they put on a coat, a cap or a hat and a pair of gloves.
If it
rains, both men and women wear a raincoat.

TASK 4

1. My puppy is full _____A_____fun.

(A) OF (B) IN (C) AT

2. There is a monument _____C_____ Pushkin in Moscow

(A) OF (B) AT (C) TO

3. We arrived ________B______ China in April

(A) AT (B) IN (C) TO

VARIANT X

TASK 1

The three gardeners looked very sad andunhappy. HAPPY

Suddenly they saw the Queen. It was a very strangeprocession. PROCESS

Tenguardians came in front of all the others. GUARD

They were like thegardenersbut had a bit GARDEN
differentclothes. DIFFER

TASK 2

The ____________________________ flowers in the garden were the roses. PRETTY

Alice _________________________ to look at them. She saw three gardeners STOP

who __________________________ hard to make white roses red. WORK

Whythey _______________ that?” Alice wondered looking DO

at ______________. THEY

TASK 3

The procession moved on, but three soldiers stayed to cut the gardeners’ heads off. The gardeners ranto Alice for help, and she putthem into a big flower pot. “Don’t be afraid”, she said. “They will not cut your heads off. “The Queen stopped and looked at the soldiers. “Their heads go, if you please,” they shouted to her.

TASK 4

  1. The girl looked __A___ her mother anxiously.

(A) AT (B) UP (C) AFTER

2. “What are you looking________B______”? My bag.”

(A) AT (B) FOR (C) AFTER

3. She looked ______C_____ the old lady at night.

(A) AT (B) FOR (C) AFTER

Библиография

  1. Камянова Т. Г. “Практический курс английского языка”, “Дом Славянской Книги”, Москва 2009 г.

  2. Афанасьева О. В. “Мировая классика на английском языке”, “ЦентрКом”,Москва 2010 г.

  3. Ермолова И. В., Шереметьева А. В. “Английский язык. Тренировочные варианты”, издательство “Лицей”, 2009 г.

  4. Тер-Минасова С. Г. “Английский язык. Всероссийские Олимпиады”, “Просвещение”, Москва 2009 г.





































Начнем с конца. Написанное Вами эссе будет оцениваться по следующим критериям:

Аспект

Максимальное кол-во баллов

Решение коммуникативной задачи (содержание)

3

Организация текста (структура)

3

Лексика

3

Грамматика

3

Орфография и пунктуация

2

Максимальное количество баллов, которое Вы можете получить за эссе – 14 баллов.




Перед тем как задумываться о правильном выполнении каждого критерия, сначала давайте сделаем наше эссе по английскому языку пригодным для проверки. Самое главное здесь – объем.

Формально Ваше эссе по английскому языку должно уложиться в 200-250 слов. Это не надо воспринимать буквально и паниковать, если Вы написали 198 слов. Однако, имейте в виду, что эссе не будет проверяться, если количество слов в нем менее 180. Если же у Вас получится более 275 слов, то проверяющий отсчитает от начала эссе 250 слов, отчертит остальное и проверит всё вплоть до черты. То есть, при первом раскладе Вы теряете всё эссе; при втором, скорее всего, потеряете заключение, что тоже немаловажно.




Содержание и структура эссе

Прежде всего, Ваше эссе по английскому языку должно осветить ВСЕ аспекты, изложенные в задании, а также должно быть написанным в соответствующем стиле (нейтральном). Оно должно логично делиться на абзацы и соответствовать предложенному в задании плану.

Чтобы не запутаться в процессе написания Вашего эссе, надо потратить 5-7 минут на обдумывание плана и подготовку всех аргументов. Традиционно мы будем делить эссе на пять абзацев.

Абзац 1. Вступление

Здесь должна быть постановка проблемы. Поскольку постановка проблемы уже изложена в задании, Ваша задача – грамотно её пересказать. Именно ПЕРЕСКАЗАТЬ, а не перефразировать.

Совет: Не перечитывайте задание 10 раз, пока формулировки не вдолбятся Вам в голову. Тогда писать вступление своими словами будет очень и очень трудно. Прочитайте данную в задании ситуацию один или два раза, убедитесь, что Вы правильно её поняли. Закройте готовую ситуацию и попытайтесь её пересказать на английском языке именно так, как Вы её поняли, как будто Вы рассказываете об этом другу, который не понял, о чём там шла речь. ВНИМАНИЕ: после того как Вы это сделали, обязательно откройте ситуацию и убедитесь, что Ваш пересказ по сути совпадает с данной Вам ситуацией. Теперь можно ехать дальше.

Вместо банальных “Some people think, ... Others think, ...” можно использовать:

 Some people claim that ..., while others argue that ...

После того как Вы описали суть проблемы, можно задать непосредственно вопрос, на который Вы и будете отвечать в своём эссе. Например: “What is better: ... or ...?”, “What should we do: ... or ...?” и т.д.

Последним предложением вступительного абзаца Вы должны поставить цель Вашего эссе. Это можно сделать, например, так:

 In this essay I will try to look upon this issue.
 In this essay I will try to express my opinion on this issue.
 In this essay I would like to express my point of view on this issue.
 In this essay I will try to answer this question. (Это наиболее простой вариант, если предыдущие два Вам вспомнить будет трудно, вспомните его)

Абзац 2. Ваше мнение

Начать этот абзац логичнее всего с высказывания Вашей позиции касательно данного вопроса. Полезные фразы (обязательно соблюдайте данную пунктуацию!):

 In my opinion, ...
 From my point of view, ...
 To my mind, ...
 Personally, I think that ...
 I’m certain that ...
 As far as I am concerned, ...

Далее надо дать 2-3 аргумента, подтверждающие Вашу точку зрения. Аргументы могут быть любые, если Вы их грамотно истолкуете. То есть такие, чтобы с ними сложно было поспорить (в разумных пределах, разумеется).

Совет: Лучше дать 2 аргумента и подробно их оправдать и привести примеры в их поддержку, чем 3 кратких и не полностью раскрытых. Помните, что количество слов в эссе ограничено.

Здесь не надо забывать про средства логической связи предложений. Первый аргумент хорошо начать с:

 Firstly, ...
 To start with, ...
 To begin with, ...
 First of all, ...

После того как Вы сформулировали первый аргумент, надо его подтвердить и/или дать пример в подтверждение. Вот самые простые модели, как это можно сделать:

 <аргумент>, because ...
 <аргумент>. That is why ...
 <аргумент>. For example, ...

Если Вы начинали словом “Firstly, ...”, то второй аргумент следует начать словом Secondly, ...

Если первый аргумент шел с фразами “To start with, ...”, “To begin with, ...”, то второй можно начать следующими словами:

 Moreover, ...
 Furthermore, ...
 Besides, ...
 In addition, ...

Второй аргумент надо также подкрепить примером или доказательством.

Абзац 3. Противоположное мнение

Начинать абзац Вы будете с постановки противоположного мнения по предложенной теме или вопросу. Сделать это можно так:

 Others believe that ...
 Some people argue that ...
 However, some people think that ...

Далее следуют 1-2 аргумента, подтверждающие противоположное мнение. Советую изначально подумать о двух. А уж сколько в итоге написать: 1 или 2 – решите в процессе, исходя их получающегося размера Вашего эссе.

Совет: Противоположные аргументы Вам потом предстоит оспорить, поэтому, придумывая их изначально, продумывайте, как Вы будете их оспаривать. Если на придуманный аргумент Вам нечем возразить, лучше сразу его заменить на другой, чтобы не делать это во время написания эссе. Оно ведь тоже ограничено!

Совет: При оспаривании аргументов, Вы не должны повторять ничего из написанного во втором абзаце. Поэтому, если у Вас не получается придумать контраргумент, не повторяясь, попробуйте придумать что-то другое. Как вариант, Вы можете придумать другие аргументы «за», пока сочинение еще не написано. В любом случае, лучше это продумать изначально, пока Вы составляете план эссе, нежели чем в процессе написания!

Абзац 4. Ваши контраргументы

Суть этого абзаца – объяснить, почему Вы не согласны с противоположным мнением. Начать абзац можно, например, с предложения:

 I can’t agree with this opinion because ...
 I’m afraid I can’t agree with this idea because ...

ВНИМАНИЕ: если Вы дали два аргумента в предыдущем абзаце, то и опровергнуть надо обязательно оба. Разграничить их можно следующими фразами:

 As for ...,
 Speaking about ...,
 As far as ... is concerned,

Совет: При опровержении противоположных аргументов лучше всего предлагать пути их решения, а не доказывать их недееспособность. Например, если кто-то считает, что домашние животные опасные, то не надо утверждать, что они, на самом деле, безобидные. Лучше обратить этот недостаток в достоинство, сказав, что зато они являются отличными охранниками в загородных домах.

Абзац 5. Заключение

Самая частая ошибка многих учеников : в заключении они просто высказывают свое мнение. Этого не достаточно. Ведь заключение относится ко всему эссе, а не только ко второму абзацу.

Таким образом, в заключении надо суммировать всё, о чем говорилось в эссе и выразить свою точку зрения. Также можно дать свои рекомендации по существующей проблеме. Самое главное: в заключении не должно быть никакой новой информации.

Я бы рекомендовала лексически обозначить, что дальше у нас пойдет заключение. Начать абзац можно так:

 In conclusion, ...
 To sum up, ...
 To conclude, ...

Далее даём читающему понять, что существует две точки зрения на данную проблему, и несмотря на противоположную точку зрения, мы всё-таки придерживаемся своей. Например, сделать это можно по следующей схеме:

 Despite the fact that ..., I’m convinced that ...
 Taking into consideration different opinions on this issue, I believe that ...




Языковое оформление эссе

После того как Вы написали ЕГЭ эссе по английскому, обязательно пересмотрите его еще раз на предмет возможных ошибок. Из моего опыта наиболее частых ошибок, советую обратить внимание на следующие вещи:

Пробегитесь отдельно по всем существительным. Если существительное исчисляемое и стоит в единственном числе, перед ним обязательно должен быть артикль! Скорее всего, он у вас должен быть неопределенный (но смотрите сами по контексту).

Пробегитесь по всем вводным словам и фразам и убедитесь, что после них стоят запятые. Перед словом ‘that’, наоборот, запятой не должно быть: “I think that ...”, “Others believe that ...”.

Если подлежащее выражено 3 лицом единственного числа (he/she/it), не забудьте к глаголу приписать окончание –s!

По поводу «умных» слов отдельный разговор. В критериях оценивания есть отдельный пункт: Лексика. Поверьте, лучше не употребить умное слово, чем употребить его неверно и получить за это минус баллы.

Совет: Если Вы не знаете много «умной» лексики, по максимуму впихните её в заранее заученные фразы. Например, вместо банального “for example” можно использовать “for instance”; вместо “I think” употреблять “I believe / suppose / presume”. То есть, по сути, Вам надо придумать лексику, которую Вы точно сможете употребить в Вашем эссе по английскому, какая бы тема Вам ни попалась.










57 вебинаров для учителей на разные темы
ПЕРЕЙТИ к бесплатному просмотру
(заказ свидетельства о просмотре - только до 11 декабря)

Автор
Дата добавления 15.10.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров395
Номер материала ДВ-065096
Получить свидетельство о публикации
Похожие материалы

Включите уведомления прямо сейчас и мы сразу сообщим Вам о важных новостях. Не волнуйтесь, мы будем отправлять только самое главное.
Специальное предложение
Вверх