к практическому занятию по чтению, по письму.
Уровень образования среднее профессиональное
Код специальности 23.02.03
Наименование специальности Техническое обслуживание и ремонт автомобильного транспорта
TOPIC: CITY. SIGHTSEEING
Listen, read and practiсe.
A Glimpse of London
London is the capital of Great Britain. It is situated on both sides of the Thames and stretches for nearly 30 miles from east to west and for nearly 30 miles from north to south. London is one of the largest cities in the world. Its population is more than eight million.
London is a very old city. It is more than 20 centuries old. The history of London goes back to Roman times. Traditionally London is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. They are very different from each other.
The heart of London is the City — its commercial and business centre. The Stock Exchange, the Royal Exchange, and the Bank of England are all there. The centre of the country's judicial system — the Old Bailey is also in the City. Few people live in the City, but over a million, come to work here. Two famous historic buildings are located in the City — the Tower of London and St Paul's Cathedral. The Tower of London was built in the 11-th century. It was used as a fortress, a royal residence and a prison. Now it is museum of armor and also the place where Crown Jewels are kept.
A twenty minutes' walk from the Tower will take you to another historic building — St Paul's Cathedral. It was built in the 17th century by the famous architect Sir Christopher Wren. Wellington, Nelson and other great men of England are buried in the Cathedral.
Westminster is the centre of government and justice. Here we can see the Houses of Parliament with the famous clock 'Big Ben' on one oil the towers. All government offices are in Whitehall. The official residence of the Queen is Buckingham Palace. The residence of the Prime Minister is at 10 Downing Street.
Opposite the Houses of Parliament stands Westminster Abbey. From Norman times British monarchs have been crowned here and since the 13th century they have been buried here. Many other famous people are also buried in Westminster Abbey including statesmen, musicians and writers.
The West End is the name given to the area of Central London north from The Mall to Oxford Street. It includes Trafalgar Square, the main shopping areas of Oxford Street, Regent Street and Bond Street, and the entertainment centres of Soho, Piccadilly Circus, Leicester Square and Shaftesbury Avenue. Its name is associated with glamour and bright lights.
Trafalgar Square was built early in the last century to commemorate the Battle of Trafalgar. Admiral lord Nelson's statue stands on top of a column in the middle of Trafalgar Square. The square makes a good place for people to meet — coaches pick up parties of visitors, marchers unite for protest meetings, and at Christmas time carol singers gather round a huge Christmas tree which is sent to Britain from Norway every year. Behind Nelson's Column is the National Gallery, an art gallery in which you can find many old masters. Not far from the National Gallery is the British Museum. It contains a priceless collection of different things (ancient manuscripts, coins, sculptures, etc.) The British Museum is famous for its library — one of the richest in the world.
Most of London's big department stores are in Oxford Street and Regent Street. Piccadilly Circus is the centre of nightlife in the West End. To the north of Piccadilly Circus is Soho, which has been the foreign quarter of London since the 17th century. Now it has restaurants offering food from a variety of different countries, as well as 'adult' entertainment.
London is famous for its live theatre, and there are over thirty theatres within a square mile. Naturally there is a great variety of shows to choose from: opera, musicals, drama and so on. If you want to know what is on in London, me best place to look is in a newspaper.
The East End is an industrial district of London. It is especially famous as the centre of the clothing industry. The Port of London is also in me East End.
1. What is the population of London? 2. What is the City? 3. When was the Tower of London built? What was it used for? 4. When was St Paul's Cathedral built? 5. What famous men are buried in the Cathedral? 6. In what district of London are most of the Government buildings located? 8. In whose memory was the monument in the middle of Trafalgar Square set up? 9. What kind of museum is the British Museum? 10. Where are most of London's big department stores located? 11. In what part of London is the Port located?
B. Speak about London, the capital of Great Britain.
C. Have you ever been to London? Did you go sightseeing? What places of interest did you see? Did you like the city?
D. Practice 1. Choose the correct item.
1 My name ___ Kathy.
I don't know
2 Where are you from? I ___ from Spain
I don't know
3 _____ eat salad and pizza
I don't know
4 What's your ________ job?
I don't know
5 Do you like _______?
I don't know
6 What time ______ your dog?
do you walk
does you walk
I don't know
7 _____ a woman at the door
8 ______ a glass of sherry?
Have I can
Can I have
I can have
I don't know
9 He never _______ his hair
I don't know
10 Would you like a single or a ________room?
I don't know
11 We _____ dance all night.
I don't know
12 They _____ basketball yesterday.
I don't know
13 I bought ___ apple and ____ grapes.
I don't know
14 Her brother is ______ than me.
I don't know
15 She ______ a new computer. What luck!
I don't know
16 Is Father busy now? Yes, he _______ to the postman.
I don't know
17 When ________ to buy me a computer?
are you going to
you are going
are you going
I don't know
18 They ______ five years ago.
I don't know
19 I would like _____ to the beach.
I don't know
20 Tom ____ this film yesterday. - Really?
I don't know
21 When she got back, the dog ________ her lipstick.
I don't know
22 What ___ dirty place this beach is!
23 There _______ a festival tomorrow
will to be
I don't know
2.Fill in 'the ' where necessary.
... last summer we went to stay in ... village where my grandmother was born. I had never been there before, so when we arrived at... station I was surprised to see how small it was. As in ... many villages in ... north of... England, all... houses are built of... same stone. Running through ... village is ... River Tyne. The village has a church which was built in ... Middle Ages. Although ... population is only about 500 people, this village has ... best cricket team in ... county, and many people play .... rugby as well. Apart from ... sport, though, so little happens there that many of ... people still remember ... time ... Queen visited their village in ... 1955.
Тема « Leisure and Holidays»
On weekdays I usually go to school, but on my days off I prefer to rest. I think it is important for us to rest. I think it is important for us to rest after hard work. That’s why our weekends are more attractive than weekdays. At our leisure time we go in for sports, read books, go to the library, the cinema, the theatre, the park, the museum, the exhibition. Sometimes we go to the zoo or the circus and enjoy ourselves watching animals.
As a rule, we try to spend most of time outdoors. Some people prefer to go to the country to see their relatives and friends. In winter we like to go to the winter forest to ski and skate. After having such a pleasant rest in the open air, you are always happy to return home and have a rest sitting near the TV-set and watching an interesting an interesting TV programme. In summer and spring picnics are popular with schoolchildren and their parents.
They are fond of picnics chiefly because they have an excellent opportunity to admire the beauty of nature, to run on the grass and to play interesting games, to have a bite without observing table manners. But the most exciting event is making a fire. The children are fond of collecting wood in the forest and sitting round the fire. And again, they like to return home after a picnic. And now they think that “there is no place like home” as saying goes.
Many people like to go to the cinema and theatre on weekends and holidays and enjoy seeing an interesting film or performance.
As for me, my days off are normally like this. I hate getting up early and on weekends I can afford to wake up later than usual. As a rule, I get up at 8 o’clock. Then I do my morning exercises, wash my face and hands and brush my teeth. After having breakfast I relax a little: listen to a lovely music and try to forget about all my problems. Then I can visit my friends and have a chat with them about our life.
Sometimes my friends and I go to the museum or art exhibition. As a rule, my activities on weekends depend on my plans, but in any case I manage to do a lot of things and to have a rest. I always try to do my best to have a really good time. But unfortunately time flies very quickly on weekends, and the next Monday morning comes, and I am looking forward to my next days off.
leisure – досуг, свободное время
at leisure – на досуге
to be attractive – быть привлекательным, притягательным
to go in for sports – заниматься спортом
to spend time outdoors – проводить время на открытом воздухе (вне дома)
to ski – кататься на коньках
to skate – кататься на коньках
to have a pleasant rest – приятно отдыхать
in the open air – на открытом воздухе
to rest – отдыхать
to have a rest – отдохнуть (немного)
picnic – пикник
to be popular with – быть популярным среди
chiefly – главным образом
to have an excellent opportunity – иметь отличный удобный случай, отличную возможность
to admire – любоваться, сильно любить, преклоняться
beauty – красота
nature – природа
to run on the grass – бегать по траве
to play interesting games – играть в интересные игры
to have a bite – перекусить
without observing table manners – не соблюдая манер (правил) поведения за столом
to make a fire – развести костер
There is no place like home – В гостях хорошо, а дома лучше (пословица)
normally – обыкновенно
to afford – быть в состоянии, позволить себе
to depend on smb’s plans – зависеть от чьих-либо планов
in any case – любом случае
to try to do one’s best – пытаться делать все возможное
unfortunately – к несчастью
time flies quickly – время летит быстро
to be looking forward to – с нетерпением ожидать
Supplementary Word List (дополнительный список лексических единиц))
holidays – праздники, каникулы
to enjoy oneself – хорошо проводить время
to pick (gather) berries and mushrooms – собирать ягоды и грибы
to pick flowers – собирать цветы
to boat (to go boating) – кататься на лодке
to fish (to go fishing) – удить рыбу, ходить на рыбалку
to lie in the sun (to sunbathe) – загорать
a beach – пляж
on the beach – на пляже
sea – море
at the seaside – на море (на побережье)
on the seashore – на берегу моря
to bask in the sun - греться на солнце
to swim – плавать
a holiday home – дом отдыха
a holiday-centre – место отдыха, пансионат
on the bank of a river – на берегу реки
on the shore of a sea – на берегу моря
a wood – лес (небольшой)
a forest – лес (лесной массив)
Тема «On Holidays»
Many people think about holidays in January. They begin to make plans. They talk about places and ideas… January is a cold month in many countries, and February is even worse! Christmas is over. The New Year has begun. So people begin to dream.
Some people like winter holidays. If they live near mountains they probably go skiing. Some people can ski every weekend, but others go for a week and have a real holiday.
Not everybody likes winter holidays, though. Many people dream of the sun and warm beaches. And other people like to do things when they are on holiday. They want to learn a foreign language or visit famous places, or go climbing. Some people like to spend their holidays with holidays with a lot of other people; others prefer to go on their own.
Even if we all have different ideas about an ideal holiday, we all have to face two problems: time and money. In some countries, people have a three weeks holiday each year, in other countries, it is four weeks and teachers often have twelve weeks! Some people like to have one long holiday each year; others prefer to have two short ones.
to dream of smth. – мечтать о
to go climbing – заниматься альпинизмом
to face the problem – столкнуться с проблемой
US CROSS-CONTINENT TOURS
operate all year round, and offer you the opportunity of a lifetime to visit five of the greatest US cities, crossing nine states in our 15-day tour. Itinerary(маршрут)
The tour begins with three days in New York, City, the largest and busiest city in the
USA. You can see the Statue of Liberty, visit the city's museums and spend an evening at Carnegie Hall, one of the best concert halls in the world. The city has a rich and varied culture, so there is plenty to see and do.
In Washington DC, capital of the USA, you will tour the White House, the most famous building in the city and home to the President. You will also visit Georgetown, the oldest neighbourhood in Washington DC. For history lovers, Washington DC has more than 300 memorials and statues, and there are several museums in the Federal Triangle, which is the largest complex of public buildings in the city.
Our next stop is beautiful Chicago, which is the third largest US city. Its skyline contains one of the tallest buildings in the world, the Sears Tower. The shore of Lake Michigan offers beautiful scenery, with open parks and beaches. During our two-day stay, you can sample great theatre, music and dance.
We will spend three days in the wonderful desert resort of Las Vegas, visiting the city's most famous attraction, 'The Strip' — a collection of luxury hotels and casinos for fantastic entertainment.
The last stop on our tour is one of the country's most cosmopolitan cities. San Francisco is full of amazing sights, from San Francisco Bay, one of the world's finest natural harbours, to the Twin Peaks of Mt David-son and Mt Sutro, the largest of the city's hills. You will also eat out in colourful Chinatown, the largest Chinese community outside Asia.
A. Listen and match the places to their attractions.
New York Sears Tower
Washington DC Carnegie Hall
Chicago Twin Peaks
Las Vegas White House
San Francisco The Strip
B. Read the advertisement about a tour of the USA, then mark these sentences as T(true) or F (false).
1. The company offers tours of America once a year.
2. Carnegie Hall is a famous museum in New York.
3. Washington DC is the capital of the USA.
4. Georgetown is a new neighbourhood.
5. There are beaches in Chicago.
6. Las Vegas is in the desert.
7. The Strip' is a luxury hotel.
8. Mt Davidson is a small hill in San Francisco.
9. Chinatown is a large Chinese restaurant in San Francisco.
10. A tour in April costs £6 395 per person.
C. Make a list of what you can see in each city, then use your notes to talk about each city, as in the example.
New York: Statue of Liberty — museums — Carnegie Hall
In New York you can see the Statue of Liberty, visit museums or go to Carnegie Hall.
Washington, D.C. (District of Columbia) is the capital of the United States. It became the capital on December I, 1880. It was named after George Washington, the first president, and Christopher Columbus (America was discovered by Columbus in 1492).
Spring is the best season in Washington, and it is the most popular with tourists. In the spring you can see the flowers on hundreds of cherry trees. The trees were given to the United States in 1912. They were a gift of friendship from Japan.
Washington has something for everyone — historic monuments, interesting museums, beautiful parks, and excellent hotels and restaurants. Some of the most important and most interesting sights are:
The Jefferson Memorial. This monument is dedicated to the third president, Thomas Jefferson. It was designed by John Russel, and it was dedicated in 1943. Inside there is a statue of Jefferson by sculptor Rudolf Evans.
The Lincoln Memorial. This beautiful monument is dedicated to Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States. It is made of marble, and it was built in 1922. In the great hall there is a huge statue by Daniel Chester French.
The National Gallery of Art. The National Gallery contains one of the world's best collections of European and American painting and sculpture. The newest building, the East Building, is made of pink marble and glass. It was designed by I.M. Pei, and it was opened in 1978.
The Washington Monument. The Washington Monument was completed in 1884. It is dedicated to the first president, George Washington, and it is 555 feet high. You can take an elevator to the top or you can climb the 898 steps!
The White House. The White House is the official home of the president. It was designed by James Hoban. The first building was burned by the British in the War of 1812, but it was rebuilt in 1818. It was also first painted white at that time.
1. Who was Washington, D.C. named after? 2 Where did the cherry trees come from? 3. How tall is the Washington Monument? 4. When was the White House painted white? 5. Who is the Jefferson Memorial dedicated to? 6. Who designed it? 7. What is the Lincoln Memorial made of? 8. Who designed the statue of Lincoln? 9. What does the National Gallery of Art contain? 10. What is the East Building made of?
Everyone knows something about New York — the Statue of Liberty, the skyscrapers, the beautiful shops on Fifth Avenue and the many theatres on Broadway. This is America's cultural capital, and her biggest city, with a population of nearly eight million. In the summer it is hot, hot, and in the winter it can be very cold, but there are hundreds of things to do and see all the year round.
There are five 'boroughs' in New York: Brooklyn, the Bronx, Manhattan, Queens and Richmond. Only one of them, the Bronx, is not an island.
Manhattan, the smallest island in New York, is the real centre of the city. When people say 'New York City' they usually mean Manhattan. Most of the interesting shops, buildings and museums are here, and Manhattan is the scene of New York's night life.
In 1605 the first Europeans came to Manhattan from Holland. They bought the island from the Native Americans for a few glass necklaces, worth about $26 today.
Only 1,500,000 people live in Manhattan, but five, million people work here every day. Many live in the suburbs and come to work on the subway.
Wall Street in Manhattan is the financial heart of the USA and the most important banking centre in the world. It is a street of 'skyscrapers', those incredible, high buildings which Americans invented, and built faster and higher than anyone else.
Like every big city. New York has its own traffic system. Traffic jams can be terrible, and it's usually quickest to go by subway. The New York subway is easy to use and quite cheap. Take a look at the map. The subway goes to almost every comer of Manhattan. But be careful. It's better not to go by subway late at night.
You see more, of course, if you go by bus. New York buses are also easy to use. You can get on and off as many times as you like in one day with only one ticket.
There are more than 30,000 taxis in New York. They are easy to see, because they are bright yellow and carry large TAXI signs. Taxis do not go outside the city but they will go to the airports. People give the taxi driver a 'tip' of 15 % extra.
If you really have to drive in New York, remember that nearly all the east-west streets and most of the north-south streets are one way only. This can be difficult for the visitor who does not know his way. Try to get a map that shows the direction of the traffic, and — good luck!
1. What do many people know about New York? 2. What is the population of New York? 3. What is the weather like? 4. What are the five 'boroughs' in New York? 5. Which of them is not an island? 6. What is the real centre of the city? 7. Who was the first to come to Manhattan? When? 8. How many people live in Manhattan? 9. How many people work there? 10. What street is the financial heart of the USA? 11. What is the New York traffic system like? 12. What colour are the taxis in New York?
B. Speak about New York.
C. Has anyone in your group visited New York? Answer your friends ' questions about New York.
Тема. «Праздники в США»
Independence Day. Fourth of July is the American nation’s birthday. It honors the day in 1776 when the Declaration of Independence, which cut the tie with England and established the United States of America, was adopted.
On that memorable day the Liberty Bell called the people of Philadelphia (the capital) to the State House to hear the Declaration of Independence read out. Communities, large and small, celebrated the day with speeches, parades and fireworks.
Each city and town now organizes its own ceremony – a parade, speeches by public officials, guided tours through historic monuments, outdoor stage shows, boat-races and evening fireworks displays. Families, clubs and civic organizations, all hold daylong picnics. There are baseball games, water-melon eating contests, folk dancing, and lots of lively music.
Labour Day. Labour Day was first celebrated in 1882. On September 5th of that year the first Labour Day parade was held in New York City. After a mass meeting in Union Square 200,000 cheering and singing workers marched up Broadway with banners that read: “Eight hours for work; eight hours for rest; eight hours for recreation! ”Labour creates all wealth”.
In 1894 the Congress of the United States made it a national holiday. Labour Day is observed on the first Monday in September.
Memorial Day. Memorial Day is observed in May 30th. It is also known as Decoration Day. Its origins go back to 1868 when the Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic issued an order to decorate the graves of soldiers who fell in the Civil War. Now it is also the day for honoring the memory of members of the armed forces killed in war. Memorial Day is a legal holiday in most of the states and in territories and is also observed by the Armed Forces.
Thanksgiving Day. Thanksgiving Day is celebrated only in the United States on the last Thursday in November. The day’s most important event is the traditional midday meal. Favourite thanksgiving food is turkey, pumpkin pie and other home-cooked specialties.
Thanksgiving was first celebrated in 1621 by English settles of the Plymouth colony. The Plymouth colony was founded in 1620 by English settlers who have come to be called Pilgrims. They left their native England and sailed to America on the “Mayflower”. After a two-month voyage they landed at what is now Plymouth, Massachusetts. During their first winter over half of the settlers died of hunger or from epidemics. But when April came the survivors began their planting, struggling with the rocky soil as they had struggled with the bitter climate. When, finally, the fields produced a rich harvest they decided to celebrate it. But it did not become an official holiday until 1863 when President Lincoln made his “Thanksgiving Proclamation”.
On Thanksgiving families always try to be together, especially for the wonderful meal.
turkey – индейка
pumpkin – тыква
bitter – здесь: суровый
The Pacific Paradise Tour took us to California, on the west coast of the United States, and to the Hawaiian islands in the Pacific Ocean. With beautiful countryside, exciting cities and fantastic beaches, this holiday had everything.
The first place we stopped at was San Francisco, in northern California. This city is famous for its cable cars(фуникулер) — and it certainly needs them because San Francisco is extremely hilly and has some very steep roads! By the sea, next to the fishing boats, there are the fish restaurants. Here we enjoyed watching the street actors and musicians as we ate delicious fresh fish. One thing we'll never forget is the Golden Gate Bridge, which is very big and beautiful.
The next city on the tour was Los Angeles. This city is very exciting and has some very famous attractions. The nearby beaches are long and sandy and the mountains outside the city are high and dry. We visited the beach where they were filming Baywatch. We also went to Disney-land. After that they took us to Hollywood to see the houses of the stars who have made a lot of films — and a lot of money!
The last place we visited in California was San Diego, a city with sun, sand, sea and all kinds of watersports. We went to the San Diego Zoo which is one of the world's largest zoos. We also visited Mexico, which is only a short drive away from San Diego.
Finally, we went to Hawaii. It's paradise! We sat on golden beaches with green palm trees and watched amazing red sunsets. We also saw colorful fish at Sea Life Park and went snorkeling in Hanauma Bay. In the evenings we enjoyed the lively clubs, bars and ice-cream parlours. Best of all, we ate fantastic Hawaiian food while watching Hawaiian people performing traditional Polynesian dances.
This holiday was fantastic. So when you have time, get on the first plane to the west coast of The United States and have the time of your life!
A. Match two things from the list to each place.
1. San Francisco -cable cars
2. Los Angeles -traditional dances
3. San Diego -a zoo
4. Hawaii -a famous bridge
-rich people's houses
B. Winch sentences refer to which place(s)?
San Diego Hawaii
San Francisco Los Angeles
The city is built on hills.
There is a famous theme park.
It is very close to another country.
The local food is delicious.
Entertainers perform as you eat.
You can see the homes of famous people.
You can see interesting creatures under the sea.
1. Match each word from column A with its opposite from column B.
1. beautiful a. dull
2. delicious b. ugly
3. fresh c. southern
4. exciting d. tasteless
5. dry e. wet
6. northern f. stale
2. Fill in the correct word from the list below. Use the words only once.
Cable steep street fishing traditional golden palm short
3. Replace the words in bold with others from the list.
colourful perfect delicious gorgeous tiny delightful huge fantastic
Last winter I went on a skiing holiday to the Alps. We stayed in a small chalet which had a big fireplace in every room. The weather was good so we were able to go skiing every day. In the evenings we had dinner at nice restaurants in the village. The food was really good. There were some nice shops so I bought a nice jumper. We stayed there for a week. We had a good time.
Madrid is the capital of Spain, and is located right in the centre of the country. It's also the largest city in Spain, with over three million residents.
Madrid is a centre for government and finance, and is an important manufacturing centre for the automotive and aircraft industries. In addition, it's one of the major publishing centres for the Spanish-speaking world.
The people of Madrid are called Madrilenos. Many Madrilenos work from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Then, at two o'clock, many stores and offices close. The custom started so that people could take an afternoon siesta(полуденный отдых). Those who take a siesta go back to work again from five to eight o'clock. However, recently, many businesses have stopped closing for siesta; instead, they follow the semanta inglesa, or English week, and stay open from nine to five o'clock. Nevertheless, many people still work late, until eight in the evening. Like many people throughout Spain, Madrilenos eat dinner late, usually between 10 p.m. and midnight, and theatres and cinemas begin performances late. The local style is to keep late hours, especially in the summer. During me hot months of July and August, the temperature is often over a hundred degrees Fahrenheit, or thirty-eight degrees Celsius. But Madrilenos have a variety of ways to stay cool. For example, they stroll up and down me streets or sit and talk at outdoor cafes; they can also go to discos that have an outdoor swimming pool.
Madrid has many attractions. Soccer is the most popular sport in Madrid, and the city has two major soccer teams. In addition, the largest bullring in Spain is located in Madrid. It's called Las Ventas, and it's the place where all novice bullfighters get their start. And, of course, there are world-famous art museums, such as the Prado Museum, which is the home of masterworks by artists such as El Greco and Goya.
A. Do you remember what the speaker says on each of these topics?
Mr. Brown in Edinburgh
Mr. Brown was in Edinburgh on business for his bank. He had caught a train from King's Cross Station in London at ten o'clock that morning and now he had arrived in Edinburgh. It was five o'clock in the evening. He had enjoyed a comfortable journey and had had a good lunch on the train. He had booked a room at the Queen's Hotel a few days before, so when he got out of the train at Waverley Station, he took a taxi straight to the hotel.
When he got to the hotel he signed the book, the clerk told him the number of his room and the porter gave him his key. He went up to the third floor in the lift and the lift-boy showed him to his room. It was a comfortable room with a good bed. That night Mr. Brown slept well until me maid brought him some tea at seven-thirty next morning.
Mr. Brown had not been in Edinburgh for many years, and he was looking forward to seeing the city again. So when he had finished breakfast he decided to go for a walk before keeping his first appointment at 11 o'clock. He came out from his hotel into Princess Street, one of the widest and most beautiful streets in the world. It has fine shops on one side and gardens on the other, with Edinburgh Castle high on its Rock and Arthur's Seat beyond. The Scots are very proud of their capital city. As Mr. Brown walked along, he remembered some of the exciting events that had happened here and some of the great men who had walked along these same streets — the things they had done, and the books they had written. He was surprised when he looked at his watch and saw that it was almost eleven.
His first appointment was with an old friend John Macdonald, the manager of the Edinburgh branch of his bank. Mr Macdonald spent some time showing him round the city. During the three days he was there, Mr. Brown saw most of the places of interest. He visited St Giles' Cathedral and the royal palace which is called Holyroodhouse; he walked along the narrow streets of Old Edinburgh and up to the grey castle. He found, too, that Edinburgh does not live only in the past. New Edinburgh has modem houses and wide streets. His friend told him that every year in September a Music and Drama Festival is held, to which people come from all over the world; new plays can be seen and new music can be heard, and visitors can meet people from other countries and talk about the things that interest them.
When at the end of his visit, he sat in the train which was carrying him south to London he made up his mind that he must come back soon to spend a holiday in this city in which the past comes so close to the present.
A. Ask and answer questions on the text.
B. Take turns asking each other about an interesting city or place you have visited. Use these questions or other questions of your own.
What's an interesting city or place you have visited? How big is it? What's the weather like there? Is there much unemployment? And what about industry? What's the transportation like? Is there any pollution there? What's the cost of living like? What kind of housing do people have? Are rents expensive? What can you do there? Are there many tourist attractions? What's good to buy there? What's the nightlife like? What else do you like about it?
C. Write about your trip to an interesting city or place.
Small Towns and Big Cities
Today, people all over the world are moving out of small towns in the country to go and live in big, noisy cities. They are moving from the peaceful hills, mountains, fields, rivers and streams of the countryside to the busy world of streets, buildings, traffic and crowds. This movement from rural areas to urban areas has been going on for over two hundred years.
In many countries, the main reason people come to live in towns and cities is work. After one or two large factories or businesses have been built in or near a city, people come to find work, and soon an industrial area begins to grow. There is usually a residential area nearby, where the factory workers can live. The families of these workers need schools, hospitals and stores, so more people come to live in the area to provide these services — and so a city grows.
In every major city in the world, there is a business district where the big companies have their main offices. In the United States, this is usually in the downtown area of the city. It is here that you can see the huge skyscrapers containing many floors of offices. The people who work here often travel a long way to work each day. Many of them live in the suburbs of the city, far away from the industrial and business areas. Some suburbs are very pleasant, with nice houses and big yards. There are usually parks for children to play in and large department stores in shopping malls where you can buy all you need.
But what is the future of the big cities? Will they continue to get bigger and bigger? Maybe not. Some major cities have actually become smaller in the last ten years, and it is quite possible that one day we will see people moving out of the major cities and back into smaller towns.
A. Decide whether these statements are true or false according to the passage.
1. Many people from small towns go to live in big cities.
2. Urban areas contain mainly hills, mountains, rivers and streams.
3. Many people go to live in urban areas to find work.
4. Factories are built inside residential areas.
5. Business districts are usually in the downtown area of the city.
6. Workers often live in skyscrapers in the suburbs.
7. The suburbs of a city usually contain more trees and parks than the downtown areas.
8. The movement from country to city will definitely continue in the future.
В. Do you live in a rural area, a town, or a big city? 2. Where would you like to live? Why?
Living in the City
Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages. On the plus side, it is often easier to find work, and there is usually a choice of public transport, so you don't need to own a car. Also, there are a lot of interesting things to do and places to see. For example, you can eat in good restaurants, visit museums, and go to the theatre and to concerts. What is more, when you want to relax, you can feed the ducks or just sit on a park bench and read a book. All in all, city life is full of bustle and variety and you need never feel bored.
However, for every plus there is a minus. For one thing, you might have a job, but unless it is very well-paid, you will not be able to afford many of the things that there are to do, because living in a city is often very expensive. It is particularly difficult to find good, cheap accommodation. What is more, public transport is sometimes crowded and dirty, particularly in the rush hour, and even the parks can become very crowded, especially on Sundays when it seems that every city-dweller is looking for some open space and green grass. Last of all, despite all the crowds, it is still possible to feel very lonely in a city. In conclusion, I think that city life can be particularly appealing to young people, who like the excitement of the city and don't mind the noise and pollution. However, many people, when they get older, and particularly when they have young children, often prefer the peace and fresh air of the countryside.
А.Ask and answer questions on the text.
B. Give the synonymous words from the text to the following:
in spite of pros and cons
another point is that one advantage is that
all things considered for instance
to sum up in my opinion
one disadvantage is that especially
C. 1. Do you live and/or work in a city? Is it very big? How many advantages and disadvantages of city life can you think of?
Write them down.
2. Write about the pros and cons of living in the country.
3. Discussion: Advantages and disadvantages of living in a big city and in the country.
Тест по страноведению.
The traditional English drink is ________.
2 .Заполните пропуск
Canadian`s native people are____.
3. Заполните пропуск
The Beatles started their career in _____.
4. Заполните пропуск
Scotland is motherland of the greatest English poet _______.
5. Заполните пропуск
Quebec is the province of _______.
6. Заполните пропуск
Londoners call their metro _________.
7. Заполните пропуск
The USA is a federal republic consisting of ______states.
8. Заполните пропуск
The capital of Canada is _________.
9. Заполните пропуск
What`s the name of the Queen who ruled for the longest period in British history?
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