The English usually have 4 meals a day: breakfast, lunch, tea (5 o'clock), and dinner. Breakfast can be a full 'English breakfast' of corn flakes with milk and sugar, or bacon and eggs, toast and marmalade, tea or coffee. Some people, however, have just a cup of tea or coffee with a toast or something similar. This is usually called a 'continental breakfast'. At midday everything is stopped for lunch. Most offices and small shops are closed for an hour and the city pavements are full of people on their way to cafes, coffee bars, restaurants. Factory and plant workers usually eat in their canteens. The English like what they call 'good plain food'. Usually they like steak, roast beef, Yorkshire pudding, and fish and chips.
Afternoon tea is taken at about 5 o'clock, but it can hardly be called a meal. It is a cup of tea and a cake or biscuits. At the weekends afternoon tea is a special occasion. Friends and visitors are often invited to have a chat over a cup of tea. Dinner is the most substantial meal of the whole day. It is usually eaten at 7 o'clock. The first course may be soup (though the English don't like it very much). The main course will often be fish or meat, perhaps the traditional roast beef of old England, and a lot of vegetables. The next course will be something sweet and often baked, such as a fruit pie. Last of all there may be cheese, often with biscuits.
It is common knowledge that the English are very fond of tea. They like to have 'a nice cup of tea' 6 or 8 times a day, sometimes even more.
On Christmas Day a roast turkey is traditionally cooked for dinner. It is usually followed by Christmas pudding.
corn flakes — кукурузные хлопья
pavement — тротуар
plain food — простая пища
special occasion — особый случай, событие
to have a chat — побеседовать, поболтать
substantial — плотный
first course — первое блюдо
main course — второе блюдо
it is common knowledge — всем известно
roast turkey — жареная индейка
1. How many meals a day do the English have?
2. What is the traditional 'English breakfast' like?
3. What is usually called a 'continental breakfast'?
4. When do the English usually have lunch?
5. What do the English mean by 'good plain food'?
6. What kind of meal is five о 'clock tea in England?
7. What do the English usually have for dinner?
8. The English are fond of tea, aren 't they?
9. What is the traditional dish for Christmas table?
10. What other dishes are popular in England?
1) Read and translate the dialogue and make your own one :
Boris: I`m staying in England only for a week and don`t know anything about traditional English meals.
James: For breakfast the English people usually eat eggs, bacon and sausages. At this time they always drink a cup of tea.
Boris: And then they have lunch. What do they usually eat for lunch?
James: The English lunch consists mostly of two courses: a main course and a dessert. The main course includes fish or meat with various vegetables. At five o`clock in the afternoon the English people have tea with cakes.
Boris: And what about the English supper?
James: The situation with supper is interesting here. Some English people have their last meal at about eight o`clock in the evening. They usually call this rather big meal dinner. And some English people have a small last meal. In this case they call it supper.
Boris: It is very unusual for me.
James: Let`s study our menu. It`s time to make an order.
Boris: The names of some dishes on the menu are new for me. I don`t understand what I will get. Could you recommend me what to order tonight?
James: Mushroom soup is always very good here.
Boris: Excuse me, but I don`t eat soup so lately. I would like a traditional English dish.
James: Roast-beef with cauliflower, green salad and fried potatoes must be delicious.
Boris: Fine, it sounds very well. And what are you going to order?
James: I`m really hungry. I order vegetable soup with meat balls, a well-done steak with mashed potatoes, green salad and black Spanish olives. And we take this red wine. Some cheese for you?
Boris: No, thank you. I would like to finish with black coffee without any dessert.
James: And I`ll have some ice-cream.
2) A: Hello, Can I help you
B: Yes, please. I would like a continental breakfast.
A: What about drinks?
B: I would like a coffee, please. .
A: Black or white?
B: Black, please.
A: Anything else?
B: Yes, what do you recommend for dessert?
A: Muffins are just perfect today.
B: Ok, I’ll have this. How much is the total?
A: That’s $7, please. B: Here you are. Keep the change, please.
A: Thanks a lot. Enjoy your meals!
3) Put the phrases in a right order :
The first conversation
A: 6 pounds, please.
B: Thank you.
A a glass of juice, please.
B: Yes, please. Anything else?
A: Good morning.
A: Good morning. Can I have two pieces of pizza, please?
4) . Translate from Russian into
W – Waiter; L – Lady; M - Mister.
W: May, I take your order, please?
L: Да, пожалуйста.
M: To start with I’d like the chicken soup.
L: Мне тоже куриный суп, пожалуйста.
W: Sure. And for the main course?
M: Я бы хотел стейк.
L: And the grilled fish for me, please.
W: Конечно. Что вы будете пить?
M: Just some water, please.
W: Очень хорошо.
L: How is your steak?
M: Вкусный. Как насчет рыбы?
L: Very tasty, thank you.
W: Все было хорошо?
M: Yes, thank you.
L: Не могли бы вы принести счет, пожалуйста.
W: Of course, sir.
5). Match the English equivalents to the Russian
1. Here you are. а. Вот, пожалуйста.
2. Anything else? b. Передайте мне соль, пожалуйста.
3. Was everything all right? c. Мне нравится твой выбор.
4. Yes, please. d. Что-нибудь еще?
5. Can I help you? e. Все было хорошо?
6. Pass me the salt, please. f. Я принесу вам меню.
7. I like your choice. g. Здесь вкусно пахнет.
8. It smells good in here. h. Могу ли я вам помочь?
The table is laid. i. Да, пожалуйста.
10. I’ll bring you the menu. g. Стол накрыт.
6) . Underline the odd word out.
a) A bowl of soup, cereal, cake.
b) A carton of milk, orange juice, ham.
c) A slice of bread, ham, cake.
d) A bag of crisps, sugar, ketchup.
e) A cup of tea, coffee, ice-cream.
f) A glass of water, wine, butter.
g) A box of chocolates, biscuits, vinegar
Фрукты, ягоды (fruits, berries)
Water melon- арбуз
Strawberry- клубника, земляника Blueberry- черника Blackberry- ежевика
Currant (black, red, white) - смородина ( чёрная, красная, белая)
Grapes – виноград
Pomegranate- гранат Lime- лимон
Apple- яблоко Grapefruit- грейпфрут
Walnut- грецкий орех Peanut- земляной орех
Hazel nut- лесной орех
Almond- миндаль Coconut- кокос
Cashew nut- кешью
Cauliflower- цветная капуста
Sweet pepper- сладкий перец
Marrow (squash) - кабачо
Salmon- лосось, сёмга
Cod liver- печень трески
Oil- растительное масло
Horse radish- хрен
Молочные продукты (Dairy products)
Cream cheese- творожная масса
Sour cream- сметана
Butter- сливочное масло
Strong coffee- крепкий кофе
Dry wine- сухое вино
Semisweet wine- полусладкое вино
Semidry wine- полусухое вино
Dark beer- тёмное пиво
Light beer- светлое пиво
Mineral water- минеральная вода
Soft drinks- безалкогольные напитки
Chocolates- шоколадные конфеты
Ring roll- бублик