Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Weather? Climate ? Which is which? WEATHER describes conditions in the atmosphere at any time or short period of time. Weather conditions can change suddenly. Today may be warm and sunny, tomorrow may be cool and cloudy. Weather conditions include rain, snow, sleet, hail, fog, mist, sunshine, wind, temperature and thunderstorms.
Weather? Climate ? Which is which? CLIMATE describes surface and atmospheric conditions over a longer time period or over a large geographical area. The climate of an area is concerned with the AVERAGE weather conditions which are taken over a year or more. Climate changes slowly, usually over decades, centuries and thousands of years. The Earth has many climate regions. Britain is in the Temperate Climate Belt, with winters that are not too cold and summers that are not too hot.
What makes the climate different in different places? Its latitude: how far from the equator the place is Its altitude: how high it is above sea level How far from the sea it is Its prevailing winds (the direction from which the wind comes most often) Ocean currents – these may bring warm water to the colder areas, warming the coastal parts but also bringing rain. Cold currents from the artic regions cool the coasts
The Climate in Canada Canada is often associated with cold weather and snow, but in reality, its climate is as diverse as its landscape. Generally, Canadians enjoy four very distinct seasons, particularly in the more populated regions along the US border – winter, spring, summer, fall (autumn). Daytime summer temperatures can rise to 35°C and higher, while lows of -25°C are not uncommon in winter. More moderate temperatures are the norm in spring and fall. Summers can be hot and dry on the prairies, humid in central Canada, and milder on the coasts. Spring is generally pleasant across the country. Autumns are often crisp and cool, but brightened by rich orange and red leaves on trees. Winters are generally cold with periods of snow, although southern Alberta enjoys the occasional "Chinook", a warm dry wind from the Rocky Mountains that gusts through and melts the snow. Winters are mild and wet on the west coast, in cities such as Vancouver and Victoria.
QUIZ 1. It was spring, and it was a nice day but a little ______, so I brought a coat to wear when I went for a walk. ☺ warm ☺ wind ☺ cool ☺ whiteout 2. The summer heat made it very ______. It was hard to see things properly - the air was ______. ☺ hot, wavy ☺ muggy, hazy ☺ muggy, drizzling ☺ warm, hot ☺ hot, heated
3. At this time of year, small amounts of rain come down in the form of ___________ - small pieces of hard ice. It can hurt if they hit your head. ☺ drops ☺ hails ☺ hail ☺ snow ☺ snowflakes ☺ cats and dogs 4. Michael, did you get caught in the _________? (lots of snow) ☺ downpour ☺ tsunami ☺ hurricane ☺ fire ☺ blizZard ☺ ice cream sundae ☺ hail QUIZ
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