Методическая разработка по теме: Food
учитель английского языка
МБОУ СОШ № 1
What food do you usually eat?
What do you consider to be healthy food?
Do you sometimes eat out? When and where?
What does your festive dinner usually consist of?
Read and translate the words and phrases. In pairs compare and comment on the following pictures. Use the words in the sentances of your own.
meal, snack, speciality, delicious, bland, fast foods, cuisine, takeaway, brunch, serve, mouth-watering, eating out, beverages, home-made, barbecue, flavour, savoury, soft drinks, side dishes, deli, course, starter, taste, dessert, dish, spicy, fix, pizza, fish steak,bake, spicy, mix
Read the following text and number the paragraphs. Study the meanings of the words in bold.
Another favourite summertime food, often served at a cookout, is freshly picked corn on the cob. The green covering (the husk) is stripped off and the cob with its kernels of corn (an entire piece of corn is sometimes called an ear) is dropped into boiling water. When it is ready, butter is spread on the corn and it is salted. The corn is then held at the ends with the fingers and the kernels are stripped off in mouthfuls, until only the cob remains.
The clambake is a special kind of cookout that originated on the Eastern seashore. A fire is built in a pit, and rocks in the pit are heated. The rocks are covered with a layer of seaweed. The clams, lobsters, and other seafood are put on the top of the seaweed and the whole thing is covered with a heavy cloth to keep the heat and moisture in and bake the seafood.
When the weather is warm, many families enjoy a cookout in the yard with a portable grill that uses small blocks of partly-burned wood called charcoal. One reason for eating outside is that it may be cooler than the kitchen and dining room. However, many people enjoy eating outside because they enjoy the taste of charcoal-broiled meats and being outside in the fresh air.
The barbecue — made famous in the American West — is a cookout where a single large piece of meat such as a side of beef is roasted on a spit over an open fire. The spit has a handle, and it is turned slowly as the meat roasts. Special barbecue sauces are often applied to the meat as it roasts.
Steak, hamburgers, hot dogs and chicken are the meats that are most commonly char-broiled. Cooking over charcoal is not easy, however, and many times the meats are burned because the grill is too hot. Sometimes shish kebab is prepared over the grill. Small chunks of meat, onions and green pepper are skewered on a long metal pin which is called a skewer.
There are other variations on the practice of eating outside. One, of course, is the picnic. Food is packed in a basket, drinks are brought in a cooker, and the family goes to the countryside for the afternoon.
Strawberry shortcake is a favourite summertime dessert. The cake is sliced in half, and partially crushed strawberries are placed between the two halves and on top. Cream that has been beaten into a light, smooth topping -whipped cream - is added to the top. Another summertime favourite is a scoop of ice cream in a dish, served with a strawberry or chocolate topping, and sometimes with nuts and whipped cream - the popular sundae.
Cold drinks go naturally with cookouts. Beer, iced tea and soft drinks are usually available. While waiting for the charcoal to become hot, people sip their drinks and nibble on appetisers such as potato chips and sour cream dip.
3. Match the words and their definitions.
1. covering a. often
2. kernel b. material;
3. spread c. something that covers something else;
4. originate d. to cut meat, bread etc into pieces;
5. layer e. a fact that makes it sensible or fair for you to do something or think something 6. cloth f. the centre part of a nut or seed, usually the part you can eat;
7. moisture g. the part of something that you hold when you use it or open it;
8. portable h. to put a layer of something over a surface so that the surface is covered;
9. reason i. food that you put on top of other food;
10. roast j. light and able to be carried or moved easily;
11. handle k. a deep round spoon for holding or serving food such as corn, flour or ice cream;
12. apply l. to start to exist in a particular place or at a particular time;
13- commonly m. to cook food such as meat or vegetables in an oven;
14. chunk n. a piece of something solid;
15. skewer o. an amount of a substance that covers all of a surface;
16. slice p. pressed and squeezed with a force that destroys or deforms;
17. crushed q. small amount of water in the air, on the surface etc;
18. topping r. to make a hole through a piece of food, an object etc with a skewer or with
4. Fill in the chart with the correct verbs from the following list:
Bite, eat, nibble, chew, gobble, sip, crunch, lick, swallow, drink, munch
Fill in the chart with the correct words from the following list. Use the vocabulary, if it is necessary:
Potatoes, coffee, pineapple, tangerine, milk, trout, white bread, mussel, potato chips, baked beans, cucumber, oyster, sandwich, red wine, tuna fish, hotdog, peach, white wine, leek, pumpkin, lobster, cupcake, honey, watermelon, jam/jelly, crab, bagels, pita bread, beer, French bread, apple, mineral water, mushrooms, juice, banana, tea, shrimp, hamburger.
Fish and seafood
Fast food and snacks
Do you eat vegetables every day? Which do you eat most often?
Which of the fruits given here are common in your country? Which of the do you like?
What do you eat for breakfast, lunch and supper?
How often do you have fast food?
Are these sentences true or false? If they are false, correct them.
Lobster is a kind of fruit.
Salad is raw or cooked food cut into small pieces and served cold
A lamb is a baby sheep; lamb is also the name of the meat of that animal.
A calf is a young pig.
Salmon is a kind of shellfish.
Oil and vinegar are often used with a green salad.
Peas, courgettes, aubergines and cucumbers are all the same colour.
Маtch the pictures with the activity:
Steam; b) wash; c) fry; d) sauté; e) peel; f) pour; g) grate; h) weigh; i) measure; j) bake; k) boil; l) knead; m) chop; n) crush; o) grill; p) roast; q) add; r) mix; s) break; t) beat; u) cut; v) grease; w) stir; x) slice; y) barbecue; z) stir-fry
In what different ways can you cook meat?
Explain how you make one of your favourite dishes?
Put each of the following words or phrases in its correct place.
Menu, fast food, take-away, eat out, waiter, dish, snack, bill, tip, cookery books, ingredients, recipe
I’m a terrible cook. I’ve tried hard but it’s no use. I’ve got lots of (a)…………………, I choose a (b)………………… I want to cook, I read the (c)………………… , I prepare all the necessary (d)………………… and follow the instructions. But the result is terrible, and I just have a sandwich or some other quick (e)………………… . So I often (f)………………… .
I don’t like grand restaurants. It’s not the expense, it’s just that I don’t feel at ease in them. First the (g)………………… gives me a (h)………………… which I can’t understand because it’s complicated and has lots of foreign words. At the end of the meal when I pay the (i)………………… I never know how much to leave as a (j)………………… . I prefer (k)………………… places, like hamburger shops where you pay at once and sit down and eat straightaway. And I like (l)………………… where you buy a meal in a special container and take it home.
Read the poem and translate. Then try to make your own.
We're Going To Make a Cake
(to the tune of "The Farmer's in his Dell")
We're going to make a cake, we're going to make a cake;
We're going to make it really big,
Because we all like cake.
Flour in the bowl, flour in the bowl;
Stir it with a great big spoon,
Flour in the bowl.
(continue with other ingredients: sugar, salt,
raisins, butter, etc.)
Put it in the oven, put it in the oven;
Take care not to slam the door,
Until it's nicely cooked.
Icing on the top, icing on the top;
Spread it with a big, flat knife,
Icing on the top.
We all have a piece, we all have a piece;
Some for you and some for me,
There's some for everyone.
And now it's all gone, and now it's all gone;
Yumm it was very good,
Now it's all gone.
This is a newspaper article devoted to the cookery. Read, translate and write your own recipe.
Hello ! My name is Margarita. I want to show you my recipe which is called Classic Chocolate Milk Shake . It’s very simple but it tastes good! It is very useful when you don’t have much time but still you want to have something tasty for your relatives or friends.
Classic Chocolate Milk Shake
The secret to this fabulous milk shake from the St. Francis Fountain and Candy Store in San Francisco is the homemade chocolate syrup. Refrigerate the leftover syrup to enjoy later, poured over your favorite ice cream or pound cake.
1 1/2 cups sugar
1 cup water
1/2 cup unsweetened cocoa (preferably Dutch process)
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
4 tablespoons milk
6 cups vanilla ice cream
Stir sugar and water in heavy medium saucepan over medium-low heat until sugar dissolves. Increase heat and bring to boil. Place cocoa in small bowl. Gradually whisk in sugar syrup. Return mixture to same saucepan. Boil 1 minute, whisking constantly. Pour into bowl. Whisk in vanilla and cool completely. Cover and chill until cold, at least 1 hour. (Syrup can be made 1 week ahead. Keep refrigerated.)
Pour 3 tablespoons chocolate syrup and 1 tablespoon milk into blender. Add 1 1/2 cups ice cream and blend until smooth. Pour into glass. Repeat in 3 more batches, using 3 tablespoons syrup, 1 tablespoon milk and 1 1/2 cups ice cream for each milk shake.
Try to prepare this milk shake and enjoy!
Fabulous – изумительный
Homemade – домашнего приготовления
Refrigerate - заморозить
Leftover – оставшийся после использования, лишний
Poured over – политым на что-либо
Pound cake – торт, в котором поровну ингредиентов
Preparation - приготовление
Stir - размешать
Saucepan – кастрюля
Dissolve – растворяться
Whisk – сбивать (белки, например)
Cool – охладить
Keep – хранить
Tablespoon – столовая ложка
Smooth – однородный (состав, например)
Batch – часть (теста или жидкости)
Give a word that means…
a dish you have after the main course, for example, ice-cream;
to cook something using dry heat, in an oven;
a type of food made from flour and water that is mixed together and then baked;
a white liquid produced by cows or goats that is drunk by people;
a solid food made from milk, which is usually yellow or white in colour, and can be soft or hard;
to cook food for too long.
Read the dialogue, translate and then make in indirect speech:
Waiter: Good evening, sir... madam.
Shall I take your coats?
Mr Adams: Thank you. Where shall we
Waiter: Oh, would you like to sit over here, sir?
Near the window.
Mr Adams: Ah, yes.... Could we see the
Waiter: Certainly. Here it is.
Mr Adams: Do you fancy a starter?
Mrs Adams: Mmm ... I think I'll have the
prawn cocktail. I'm very fond of
prawns. What about you?
Mr Adams: I'm not sure... Ican'tdecide.
MrsAdams: Oh, I'd have the trout, if I
were you. You always say that you like
trout, and you haven't had it for a long
Waiter: Are you ready to order yet, sir?
Mr Adams: Yes... a prawn cocktail for
my wife, and the trout for me.
Waiter: And the main course, sir?
Mr Adams: Veal for my wife. I can't
decide between the veal and the
chicken. What do you recommend?
Waiter: Oh, if I were you, I'd have the
veal. It's the speciality of the house.
Waiter: What would you like with the
Mr Adams: Two mixed salads, please.
Waiter: ... any vegetables, sir?
Mr Adams: Yes. Some cauliflower, some
courgettes and some boiled potatoes,
Waiter: Anything to follow?
Mr Adams: Can we order that later?
Waiter: Of course, sir.
Waiter: Would you like to see the wine list?
Mr Adams: Yes ... we'd like a bottle of
dry white wine.
Waiter: May I suggest something?
Mr Adams: Of course.
Waiter: Why don't you try a bottle of
Mr Adams: English wine?
Waiter: Yes, it isn't very well-known, but
it's being produced in the south of
England now. You’ll be surprised…
it’s very good.
Fill in prepositions where necessary:
Help yourself … the salad.
Can I have anouther piece … pie?
What did you have ... dinner yesterday?
I never eat much bread ... breakfast.
... my way ... home I dropped ... a little café and had a piece ... cake and a nice hot cup ... coffee.
I shall presently put the kettle ... .
I have something very tasty ... you.
Help ... me lay the table ... breakfast.
I usually have lunch ... the school canteen.
Some people say that sugar spoils the taste ... tea and that tea should be drunk ... sugar.
... supper she usually has a couple ... sandwiches ... sausage or cheese and drinks a cup ... tea ... lemon.
Change the following Active constructions into Passive:
Women were wrapping pieces of chicken with great care.
Mary was boiling eggs for the picnic lunch.
They were eating the roast chicken in a hurry because a thunderstorm was coming up.
He has already eaten his soup.
I spilt the coffee 5 minutes ago.
We buy food every day.
Let’s go to the Jazz Café.
Work in pairs. You are going to the restaurant. Make the dialog: What do you like to eat? What would you like to eat? Say about your tastes and likings. Here is a menu which can help you.
Prawn Cocktail £1-50
French Onion Soup £0-75
Fruit Juice 50 p
Ham Snacks £ 2-00
Veal (in cream sauce with brandy) £3-10
Chicken (fried in bread crumbs) £2-50
Steak (in red wine sauce with mushrooms) £3-50
Scampi (served with tomato and garlic sauce, and rice) £3-45
Roast Beef (with Yorkshire pudding) £3-60
Mixed, green, tomato £0-75
Fleurie La Madone AOC 2007 (French)
CHECK YOUR PROGRESS
Explain the meaning of the following proverbs in English and translate them into Russian.
The proof of the pudding is in the eating.
You can’t eat a cake and have it.
The appetite comes with eating.
Too many cooks spoil the broth.
First catch your hare then cook him.
Speak about foods you like and dislike. Give your reasons.
Some people say that the best chefs are men. Agree or disagree and give your reasons.
Eating in restaurants is a waste of time and money. Prove your point of view.
Make up dialogues:
You happen to be dining with an Englishman who doesn’t speak Russian. Help him to order his dinner.
You suggest to your mum going to a restaurant instead of cooking at home. She disagrees with you.
At a restaurant the waiter offers you a wide choice of dishes. After choosing your meal from the menu you make the order.
Write a letter to your friend about your last visit to a fashionable restaurant.
Fish and seafood
Fast food and snacks
On, -,into, of, of
For, of, with, of, with
Pieces of chicken were wrapping with great care by women.
Eggs were boiling for the picnic lunch by Mary.
The roast chicken was eating in a hurry because a thunderstorm was coming up.
His soup has already been eaten.
The coffee was spilt 5 minutes ago.
Food is bought every day.
Чтобы судить о пудинге, надо его съесть.
Один пирог два раза не съешь.
Аппетит приходит во время еды.
У семи нянек дитя без глазу.
Не говори гоп, пока не перепрыгнешь; цыплят по осени считают
to bake- печь
to barbecue- жарить ломтики мяса над решёткой на вертеле, жарить на рашпере
to beat- взбивать
brunch- поздний завтрак (заменяющий первый и второй завтрак)
chunk- ломоть (хлеба, мяса)
clambake- 1) печёные на горячих камнях морские моллюски (блюдо индийской кухни; одно из самых любимых американцами блюд на пикниках) 2) амер. пикник (обычно на морском берегу); выезд за город
cuisine- кухня, стол (питание; кулинарное искусство)
deli- от delicatessen деликатесы
dessert- десерт, сладкое (блюдо)
eat out- питаться вне дома
fast food- еда, которую можно перехватить на скорую руку
French bread- французская булка, длинный батон
grease- смазывать жиром
home-made- домашнего приготовления, самодельный
kernel- сердцевина (плода), ядро (ореха), косточка (фрукта, ягоды)
layer- слой, пласт; прослойка
to mix- мешать, перемешивать
peel- снимать кожицу, очищать
pita bread- лаваш
potato chips- картофельные чипсы
roast- жарить, печь
to skewer- насаживать на вертел, шампур
to slice- резать ломтиками
snack- лёгкая закуска
soft drink- безалкогольный напиток
spicy- острый, пикантный, пряный (о пище)
to spread- размазывать; намазывать
starter- первое блюдо, подаваемой во время трапезы
to stir-fry- жарить в раскаленном масле
take away- а) готовая еда, продающаяся на вынос б) заведение, торгующее готовой едой на вынос
tuna fish- мясо тунца
Bernard Hartley, Peter Viney Streamline English Connections Oxford University Press, 1994
Голицынский Ю. Spoken English Изд-во КАРО, 2007
Павлоцкий В.М. English Key to success Изд-во КАРО, 2003
Photo Dictionary of American English- Longman, 2003