Инфоурок Иностранные языки ПрезентацииМетодическая разработка по теме "История мирового кинематографа"

Методическая разработка по теме "История мирового кинематографа"

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1American Cinema

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1 слайд 1American Cinema
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American Cinema

2 слайд 2OutlineIntroduction
Part I. History of the “Industry”
Part II. The actors an
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Outline
Introduction
Part I. History of the “Industry”
Part II. The actors and directors
Part III. Hollywood and the Oscars
Conclusion
References

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4 слайд 4IntroductionUntil World War I, France was considered the leading film-produc
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Introduction
Until World War I, France was considered the leading film-producing country
By the 1920s some three-quarters of films screened around the world came from the United States
America is now the leading country for the exportation of movies
The tradition of American cinema is largely, though not exclusively, the tradition of the Hollywood entertainment industry, the self-proclaimed "dream factory.“
In a classical Hollywood film, the story was primary; with the new technologies, the special effects seems to become often overwhelming
The 1990s, decade of remakes, re-releases, and more sequels

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6 слайд 6Part I. History of the “Industry”Legendary American inventor Thomas Alva Edi
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Part I. History of the “Industry”
Legendary American inventor Thomas Alva Edison assigned to a British employee, William K. L. Dickson, the task of constructing a machine for recording actual movement on film and another machine for viewing the resulting images
1893 Edison constructed a motion-picture studio in his laboratory
Edwin S. Porter took charge of motion-picture production at Edison’s company in 1901 and began making longer films that told a story
Porter’s most notable film—and the most famous work of early cinema—was The Great Train Robbery (1903)
By the 1920s some three-quarters of films screened around the world came from the US

7 слайд 7Part I. History of the “Industry”In the 1920s Chaplin began making feature-l
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Part I. History of the “Industry”
In the 1920s Chaplin began making feature-length comedies, including The Kid (1921) and The Gold Rush (1925)
Advent of recorded sound in the 1920s changed motion pictures
First demonstrated in 1926, recorded sound was in almost universal use by 1930
Two new genres that flourished with the coming of sound were gangster films and musicals (Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers)
Film animation gained in popularity; Walt Disney first animated cartoon with synchronized sound, Steamboat Willie (1928), featured Mickey Mouse
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), feature-length animated films

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9 слайд 9Part I. History of the “Industry”In 1941 Orson Welles made Citizen Kane
Colo
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Part I. History of the “Industry”
In 1941 Orson Welles made Citizen Kane
Color was used in only a minority of films until the 1950s; color movies had become the standard by the 1960s
The advent of television caused a great disruption
Increasing emphasis on the importance of the director in the 1960s (Stanley Kubrick, Robert Altman)
In the early 1970s a younger generation of filmmakers (Woody Allen, Francis Ford Coppola, George Lucas, Martin Scorsese, and Steven Spielberg)
Jaws marked the turning point in the fortunes of the American film industry, rewriting the blockbuster formula (first film to earn more than $100 million for its studio)

10 слайд 10Part I. History of the “Industry”George Lucas’s Star Wars (1977), a science
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Part I. History of the “Industry”
George Lucas’s Star Wars (1977), a science-fantasy film with spectacular special effects
Blockbuster films tended to be fantasies based on comic-book characters or adventure heroes (Raiders of the Lost Ark )
Titanic (1997), directed by James Cameron; 11 Academy Awards, Top Grossing Movie of All Time
Mega-blockbusters continued to rule Hollywood at the start of the 21st century
The digital video disc, or DVD, became one of the major techniques for viewing movies on computers and also began replacing videocassettes as the major format for home viewing

11 слайд 11Part II. The actors and directorsAction stars
Tom Cruise, Arnold Schwarzene
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Part II. The actors and directors
Action stars
Tom Cruise, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Mel Gibson, Sylvester Stallone, Harrison Ford, Bruce Willis, Nicolas Cage, Richard Gere, Keanu Reeves, Sean Connery.
Actresses
Halle Berry, Julia Roberts, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Renée Zellweger, Michelle Pfeiffer, Cameron Diaz.
The Hollywood villains
John Malkovich, Billy Zane, Gary Oldman, Jeremy Irons, Al Pacino, Rugter Hauer.
Black actors
Samuel L. Jackson, Michael Clarke Duncan, Sidney Poitier, Denzel Washington.

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13 слайд 13Part II. The actors and directorsGreat American Directors
Woody Allen, Geor
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Part II. The actors and directors
Great American Directors
Woody Allen, George Lucas, Orson Welles, Steven Spielberg, Francis Ford Coppola, Stanley Kubrick, Robert Altman, Chris Columbus, Tim Burton.

Many foreign directors in Hollywood or from foreign origin:
Michael Curtiz (Hungary), Martin Scorsese (Italian origin), James Cameron (Canadian), Peter Jackson (New Zeeland).

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15 слайд 15Part III. Hollywood and the OscarsHollywood, district in the northwestern p
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Part III. Hollywood and the Oscars
Hollywood, district in the northwestern part of Los Angeles
1911, Nestor Company opened Hollywood's first film studio
Universal Pictures set up its own town in the San Fernando Valley, north of Hollywood, called Universal City. Paramount Pictures and the Fox Film Corporation also emerged as prominent independent companies in the World War I era
The Academy Award (Oscar) is the main national film award in the USA (since 1929)
2003, march, best movie: Chicago, Best Director: Roman Polanski for The Pianist, Best Actor to Adrien Brody, Best Actress went to Nicole Kidman for The Hours

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17 слайд 17ConclusionPopular blockbuster films, enhanced by computer graphic imagery,
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Conclusion
Popular blockbuster films, enhanced by computer graphic imagery, continued to attain unprecedented worldwide attention
At the same time, films of artistic and cultural interest from throughout the world are available
At the Top Grossing Movies of All Time, Worldwide Box Office, top 200, almost all the films are Americans
The US produce about 300 movies per year (600 in India)
The Industry is producing a huge number of remakes (true lies, Planet of the Apes) and sequels (Star Wars, Harry Poter, Lord of the Rings, Matrix)
Most of the movies are adaptations of European novels (Harry Poter, Lord of the Ring, the Count of Monte Cristo)

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19 слайд 19Referenceshttp://us.imdb.com/RTO/2003/Oscars
http://us.imdb.com/Title?01209
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References
http://us.imdb.com/RTO/2003/Oscars
http://us.imdb.com/Title?0120903
http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761567568&pn=2
http://us.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Academy_Awards_USA/awards_summary
http://www.imdb.com/Charts/worldtopmovies
http://www.filmsite.org

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21 слайд 21Top 20 International-best loved movies
1 Godfather, The (1972) 9.0/10
2 Sha
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Top 20 International-best loved movies
1 Godfather, The (1972) 9.0/10
2 Shawshank Redemption, The (1994) 8.9/10
3 Godfather: Part II, The (1974) 8.8/10
4 Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, The (2001) 8.7/10
5 Schindler's List (1993) 8.7/10
6 Citizen Kane (1941) 8.7/10
7 Casablanca (1942) 8.7/10
8 Shichinin no samurai (1954) 8.7/10
9 Star Wars (1977) 8.7/10 (91934 votes)10Memento (2000) 8.6/10
11 Dr. Strangelove (1964) 8.6/10
12 One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) 8.6/10
13 Rear Window (1954) 8.6/10
14 Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back (1980) 8.6/10
15 Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) 8.6/10
16 Usual Suspects, The (1995) 8.6/10
17 Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, The (2002) 8.6/10
18 Fabuleux destin d'Amélie Poulain, Le (2001) 8.5/10
19 North by Northwest (1959) 8.5/10
20 Pulp Fiction (1994) 8.5/10

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