МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ
ДОНЕЦКОЙ НАРОДНОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ
Донецкий электрометаллургический техникум
по теме «Путешествие по Британии»
по учебной дисциплине
общеобразовательного цикла « Иностранный язык (английский)»
для студентов 1 курса специальностей СПО
Составитель: Донченко Елена Владимировна, преподаватель первой квалификационной категории Государственного общеобразовательного учебного учреждении «Донецкий электрометаллургический техникум».
Материал данной методической разработки рекомендовано для использования преподавателями иностранного языка ОУ СПО, студентами 1 курса всех специальностей.
Одобрена и рекомендована
с целью практического применения
на заседании цикловой комиссией филологических дисциплин
Протокол №__ от « ________ » 2016г.
Председатель ЦК ________________ И.A.Межанова
THE GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF GREAT BRITAIN
Read and memorize the following words
To consist of состоять из
Crossways пересечение дорог
A rout маршрут
To aid оказывать помощь
An inhabitant житель
A railway carriage ж/д вагон
An enterprise предприятие
Read and translate the text
THE GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF GREAT BRITAIN
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated to the west of the continent of Europe. It covers the British lsles, consisting of two large islands and about five thousand small ones. The total area of Great Britain is 244.000 square kilometers and population is more than 58 million.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain consists of four parts. England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Each part has its main city. They are London, Edinburg, Cardiff and Belfast. London is also the capital of the whole country.
The British lsles are separated from Europe by the English Channel and the Strait of Dover. The western coast Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. The eastern part is washed by the North Sea.
Great Britain has a very good geographical position, as it lies on the crossways of the sea routes from Europe to other parts of the world. The sea connects Britain with most Europe countries, such as Holland, Belgium, Denmark, Norway and many other countries.
The surface of the country is mostly flat. There are no high mountains in it, and they are mainly in Scotland and Wales.
The British Isles have many rivers, but they are not very long. The longest river is the Severn, which is in the South-west of England. The Thames, on which London stands, is not so long as the Severn, though it is much sorter, it is the deepest river in the country. It is the busiest and the most important river in Great Britain.
The four nationalities of Great Britain – The English, the Scots, the Welsh and the Irish – have their own language.
Great Britain is rich in coal, iron and other natural resources. Such towns as Birmingham and Sheffield produce heavy machines, railway Manchester there are many textile factories. Liverpool and Glasgow are big sea ports. London, Oxford, Cambridge and Edinburgh are university towns.
Answer the following questions
1 Where is United Kingdom situated?
2 How many islands does it consist of?
3 What separates Great Britain from the continent?
4 What is Great Britain washed by?
5 Why do we say that Great Britain has a good geographical position?
6 What is the surface of the country like?
7 What are the rivers like?
8 What river is the deepest?
9 How well is agriculture developed here?
10 What natural resources is Great Britain rich in?
Complete the sentences
1. The total area of Great Britain is… .
2. … : England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
3. The sear connects Britain with … .
4. Great Britain is rich in … .
5. … are university towns.
Give the Russian equivalents to:
Large islands –
Square kilometers –
Separated from –
Eastern part –
Washed by –
Geographical position –
Own language -
Make up 10 questions to the text
People and cities of Great Britain
The main nationalities in Great Britain are: English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish. Its population is more than 58 million. In Great Britain there are a lot of immigrants from former British, Asian and African colonies. The biggest cities are: London, Edinburg , Cardiff, Glasgow, Liverpool. Oxford and Cambridge are considered to be universities towns. Their universities are the oldest centers of education in Great Britain.Stratfort-on-Avon is another interesting and beautiful town. This is a birthplace of Shakespear.Cardiff is the administrative and shopping centre of Wales. It is a very beautiful city. Liverpool and Glasgow are big sea ports.
The geographical position on Great Britain aids the development of agriculture. One million inhabitants work in agriculture. The main branches of agriculture in Great Britain are: stock-breeding, poultry-keeping and field-crop cultivation. They grow potato, oats, barley and wheat.
Great Britain is not very rich in mineral resources. It has some deposits of coal and iron ore and vast deposits of oil and gas that were discovered in the North Sea.
Such towns as Birmingham and Sheffield produce heavy machines, railway carriages, motor-cars. Birmingham has electrical and electronic and chemical enterprises.
In Manchester there are many textile factories.
Make up sentences:
a highly developed industrial country.
situated on the British Isles.
divided into 92 counties.
a parliamentary monarchy.
Great Britain is washed by the Norte Sea.
London is the Irish Sea.
known for its fogs and frequent rains.
situated in the Atlantic Ocean.
one of the greatest cities in the world.
situated on the banks of the River Thames.
the capital of Great Britain.
the cradle of British traditions and culture.
divided into four main parts.
Read and dramatize the following dialogues:
A: This is of the world. What can we see on it ?
B: We can see oceans and continents. There are six continents on this map.
A: What are they ?
B: The are Europe, Asia, Australia, America and Antarctica.
A: What else can you show us ?
B: We can also see seas and rivers, mountains and valleys.
A: What countries can you show us ?
B: This is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Irland. It is a highly developed industrial country. In the 19th century it stood the first in the world and the biggest colonial power. But after World War II it lost some of its prestige as well as its colonies.
* * *
A: Would you kindly tell us something about North England and England’s most important industrial areas ?
B: O.K. The centres of English industry lie in the Midlands around Birmingham, Manchester, Sheffield and Newcastle.
A: The areas around Birmigham is called the Black Country, isn’t it ?
B: Yes, the very name tells us what it means: smoke, dust and shoot.
Present Simple Tense
The present simple tense in English used to describe an action that is regular, true or normal.
The third person (she/he/it) adds an –s.
We use the present tense:
For repeated or regular action in the present time period.
I take the train to the office.
Something that is true in the present.
He lives in London.
Something that is always true.
The adult human body contains 206 bones.
With the present tense we use do or does to make questions. We use does for the third person (she/he/it) and we use do or the others.
Where do you live?
With the present tense we use do or does to make negatives.
We use words like sometimes, usually, always and often with the simple tense.
Поставь глаголы в правильной форме (Present Simple)
1. My sister (to get) up at eight o'clock. 2. She (to be) a school-girl. She (to go) to school in the afternoon. 3. Jane (to be) fond of sports. She (to do) her morning exercises every day
4. For breakfast she (to eat) two eggs, a sandwich and a cup of tea. 5. After breakfast she (to go) to school. 6. She (to speak) French well. 7. It (to take) him two hours to do his homework
8. My working day (to begin) at seven o'clock. 9. I (to get) up, (to switch) on the radio and (to do) my morning exercises. 10. It (to take) me fifteen minutes. 11. My father and I (to leave) home at eight o'clock. 12. He (to take) a bus to his factory. 13. My mother (to be) a doctor, she (to leave) home at nine o'clock. 14. In the evening we (to gather) in the living-room. 15. We (to watch) TV and (to talk). 16. At half past seven we (to have) breakfast.
I. Do the exercise according to the pattern.
Pattern: I study at the University. He/she studies at the University.
I pass exams successfully. 2 I study at the University. 3. I do English. 4. I do grammar exercises every day. 5 I speak English well. 6. I understand you. 7. I watch TV every evening. 8 I cook well.
II. Answer with 'yes'.
a) Pattern: Do you live in Rostov? Yes, I do
1. Do the students play tennis well? 2. Do the sisters dress so beautifully? 3. Do you often go to the theatre? 4. Do you ask John to dance? 5. Do you leave hospital in a fortnight? 6. Do you discuss this problem today? 7. Do they explain everything to us?
b) Pattern: Does a teacher leach? Yes, he does.
1. Does a pianist play the piano? 2. Does a painter paint pictures? 3. Does a singer sing songs? 4. Does a driver drive cars? 5. Does a reader read books? 6. Does a butcher sell meat? 7. Does a skier ski?
III. Ask alternative questions.
Pattern: I go there on Tuesday. (on Thursday). Do you go there on Tuesday or on Thursday?
1. I watch the play on TV (at the theatre). 2. Nick leaves for Moscow (for London). 3. She plays the piano (the violin). 4. You prefer coffee (tea). 5. My watch is 5 minutes fast (slow). 6. Your hobby is music (painting). 7. It is warm at noon (cold). 8. You are a first-year student (an undergraduate).
IV. Form special questions.
Pattern: The Scots live in that white house (who). Who lives in that what house?
1. They watch TV every evening (Who ...?) 2. Students make mistakes in grammar (Who … ?) 3. We listen to the news in the evening (Who .... ?). 4. Mother generally cooks dinner in the evening (Who … ?) 5. They write letters on beautiful paper. (Who … ?) 6. She drinks from a little cup. (Who … ?) 7. The books are on the shelf. (What … ?). 8. The loiters lie in his pocket (What … ?). 9. The Browns have dinner at five. (Who … ?)
V. Answer the following questions.
Pattern: What do singers do? They sing. What does a teacher do? He leaches
1. What do the pianists do ? 2 What does a painter do ? 3. What do the drivers do ? 4. What does a singer do ? 5. What does a butcher do ?6. What does a skier do ? 7. What does a reader do ?
VI. Form special questions.
Pattern: They prefer to go to the pictures. Where do they prefer to go?
1. These men go to town every day. (How often?).
2. Birds fly to the south in autumn. (When..?).
3. Mary does her work quickly. (How...?).
4. He usually spends his holidays on the Black Sea coast (Where....?).
5. She travels a lot in summer. (What..?).
6. We want to catch the six o'clock train. (What train...?).
7. Mother wakes up at 7 o'clock in the morning. (When ..?).
8. We always do History on Mondays (On what days...?)
9. I like that green hat best. (Which....?).
10. The book costs 20 dollars. (How much...?)
VII. Make disjunctive questions.
Pattern: He loves music passionately. He loves music passionately, doesn't he?
1. Lucy writes neatly. 2. Your brother plays the piano wonderfully. 3. I play tennis badly.
4. They like to get up early. 5 I translate into English slowly. 6. The sun doesn't shine brightly.
7. Mary doesn't know English history well. 8. She has got a sister in Moscow. 9. There are a lot of people at the stadium. 10. There isn't any sugar in the sugar- basin.
VIII. Use the verbs in their proper position.
a) Pattern: I work here (often )I often work here
1. He reads aloud (often ). 2. My friend stays at school after classes (always). 3. He sleeps in the open air ( never). 4. My friend works here (usually ). 5. This girl plays in the garden ( seldom).
5. She reads in the room ( sometimes ). 7.I go to the library to work (sometimes ). 8. They rest in the garden. ( hardly ever). 9. I understand my teacher of English (always). 10. She helps me with math (never).
b) Pattern: He is busy (always) He is always busy
1. My mother is at home (seldom). 2. Nick is late (often). 3 My mother is glad to receive guests (always). 4. You are welcome to my house (always). 5. Your pupils are lazy (sometimes).
6. My sister is wrong (frequently). 7. Cartoons are interesting films (usually).
IX. Put the questions to the underlined words.
1. Our teacher always speaks English in class
2. We sometimes have English in the evening.
3. My friend works at the Ministry of Foreign Trade.
4. We often have dictations in class.
5. They do a lot of exercises at home.
6. He discusses a lot of questions at the office.
7. His sisters work at a new factory.
8. Our English lesson usually lasts two hours.
9. He never sleeps in the open air.
10. My mother is seldom at home.
X. Give negative forms of the following sentences.
a) Pattern: He understands your question. He doesn't understand your question.
1. He lives here. 2. The boy plays the piano. 3. He knows tills word. 4. He refuses to help us.
5. The girl works in this room. 6. John knows us. 7. She works with me. 8. He comes to see us.
b) Pattern: The students get excellent marks. The students don't get excellent marks
1. The books arrive this week. 2. The students spend many hours in the library. 3. We sometimes explain grammar to him. 4. I like this detective. 5. My sisters work much. 6. They play football in the yard. 7. My parents work at a factory.
Education in Great Britain
To study – обучатся, заниматься
To learn – учить, учится
Paints – краски
Glue – клей
To count – считать
Break – перемена, перерыв
Record – дневник
Mark – оценка
To differ – различаться, отличатся
To join employment training schemes – попасть в тренировочные программы трудоустройства
To leave to finish school – закончить школу
Education in Great Britain
In Great Britain children begin to go to school at the age of five.
First they study at infant schools. In these schools they to draw with colored pencils and paints.
They also make figures out of plasticine and work with paper and glue.
They play much because they are very young.
Later they begin to learn letters and read, write and count.
At the age of seven English schoolchildren go to junior schools.
They do many subjects: English and Maths, History and Music, Natural History and Drawing, Handicrafts, French and Latin.
Their first lesson usually status at 9 o’clock.
There are 3 lessons with short breaks, of 10 minutes between them and then an hour break for lunch.
After lunch they have two more lessons which are over by half past three.
If you have a look at an English pupil’s school record you will see that the marks in it differ from the marks we have.
At English school there are marks from 1 up to 10 and at some schools from 1 up to 100.
Junior school ends at the age 11 when pupils take the Eleven Plus examination and then secondary school begins.
At the age of 16 schoolchildren take their exams.
Only 45 per cent continue with full-time education after 16.
The rest go to work or join employment training schemes.
Answer the questions:
When and where do English children begin to study?
What do they learn to do at infant schools?
When do they go to junior schools?
How long do they stay at schools?
What marks do they get at schools?
When do they leave scho
PAST SIMPLE TENSE
The Past Tense is used to talk about something that started and finished at a definite time in the past.
How to form the Past Tense
To change a regular verb into its past tense form, we normally add -ED to the end of the verb
Irregular verbs are irregular only in affirmative sentences.
For example: The past tense of GO is WENT.
It does not end –ED so it is considered irregular.
Questions in the Past Tense
We used did to make a questions in the past tense.
This is for regular and irregular verbs in English.
Did they live in France?
We use did not to make a negative sentence in the past tense.
This is for regular and irregular verbs in English.
They did not live in Canada.
I. Transform the verb into the Past Indefinite Tense.
a) Pattern: My cat likes fish. My cat liked fish
1. It often snows here.
2. This seems quite easy.
3. He often listens to records.
4. He always lives in Paris.
5. We enjoy our vacations in Florida.
6. The teacher explains grammar in the class.
7. The girl likes her dog very much.
8. I play the piano rather well.
b) Pattern: Classes begin at 8 o'clock. Classes began at 8 o'clock
1. I understand the text quite well
2. He is in my room.
3. I find many good stories in this magazine
4. The students spend many hours in the library
5. He makes many mistakes in dictations.
6. I am glad to meet my friends.
7. We read a lot of books.
8. We have got many magazines.
II. Put general questions.
Pattern: The concert lasted for two hours. Did the concert last for two hours?
1. He dried his hands carefully. 2. The students went to the club yesterday.
3. They understood the text very well. 4. She enjoyed the performance.
5. lie wanted to be a sailor. 6. I met my friend at the theatre. 7. I told my friends the news. 8. She made a mistake.
III. Make the sentences negative.
Pattern: In summer she watched the sunrise. In summer she didn't watch the sunrise.
1. I saw Peter at the meeting. 2. The children stayed at home all the evening.3. They spent the summer vacation in the Crimea. 4. I read this newspaper yesterday. 5. They had time to do it. 6. She sent her mother a telegram. 7. They watched TV last night. 8. Peter wanted to wait for a few minutes. 9. You left umbrella here. 10. Mr. Cook wrote newspaper reports.
IV. Put the Questions to the underlined words.
1. He was in Kiev last week.
2. My friend wrote to me very often last year.
3. They were at their office yesterday morning.
4. Our students read a lot of English books last year.
5. He took his son out on Monday evening.
6. Mr. Brown spoke to us about the plan yesterday.
7. The students usually go home after classes.
V. Make special questions.
Pattern: He learned English at school (where?)
Where did he learn English?
1. It rained heavily during the night (when?).
2. Ann spent her winter holidays in Kiev (where?).
3. We had supper at 8 o'clock (what time?).
4. He wrote three letters last night (how many?)
5. My sister read an interesting book yesterday (what)
6. They took a plane, because it was faster than a tram (why?)
7. I used Kate's book (whose?).
8. They stayed in Moscow only for two days (how long?)
9. They traveled by sea (how?).
10. She understood the last question (who?).
VI. Open the brackets.
1. Yesterday (to be) my day off. I usually (lo wake up ) early on my day off, but yesterday I (to get up ) at ten o'clock.
2. " When you (to have ) breakfast yesterday? I (to have ) breakfast at nine in the morning "
3. " When you last (to go ) to the theatre?” " Two weeks ago "
4. I usually (to go ) to bed at eleven o'clock. Yesterday my friends (to come ) to see me, and I (to go ) to bed at one.
5. He (to live ) in Paris for a long tune and (to know ) a lot about the city.
6. I got a package in the mail. When I (to open) it, I (to find) a surprise.
7. I (to call) Roger at nine last night, but he (to be, not) at home. He (to study) at the library.
8. Last January a child (to see) snow for the first time in his life.
VII. Translate the sentences into English.
1. Когда ваш инженер вернулся в Нью-Йорк? – Он вернулся в Нью-Йорк три дня тому назад.
2. Кто уехал в Нью-Йорк на прошлой неделе? – М-р Смит.
3. Джон пошел к доске, написал предложение, прочитал его и вернулся к своему столу.
4. Какое упражнение вы делали дома вчера? – Упражнение 20.
5. Поговорите об этом с м-ром Смитом. Он вчера приехал из Лондона
6. Что вы делали на уроке вчера? – Мы читали тексты и делали упражнения, говорили по-английски с нашим преподавателем и переводили предложения с русского языка на английский.
7. Когда вы получили это письмо? – Вчера утром.
London Places of Interest
There are a lot of places of interest in London. Among them are: Westminster Abbey, Houses of Parlament, Buckingham Palace, St. Paul’s Cathedral, London Bridge, the Tower of London.
London stands on the river Thames. Crossing the river by the Tower Bridge you can see the Tower of London. It is one of the oldest buildings of the city. Many centuries ago it was f fortress, a royal palace and then a prison. Now it is a museum of arms.
On the bank of the Thames, not far from the Tower of London, you can see Westminster Palace, or the Houses of Parliament. It is the seat of the British government and it is one of the most beautiful buildings in London. In one of its towers there is the famous Big Ben, the largest clock of England. It strikes every quarter of an hour.
Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s official London residence. Tourists always go to see the ceremony of changing the Guard there.
London has many fine squares. Some of them are quiet, others are busy like Trafalgar Square. Trafalgar Square is the central square of the city. To the right of the square there is the National Gallery which has a fine collection of Europian paintings.
St. Paul’s Cathedral is the biggest English church. Another famous church is Westminster Abbey where king, queens, and many famous people are burnied.
London is also famous for its beautiful parks. Hyde Park is the most democratic park in the world, as anyone can say anything he likes there. Regent’s Park it the home of London.
I’d like to see it all myself.
Complete the following dialogue:
A: Excuse me. I am a stranger in London. Is it possible to see anything of London in a day or two ?
A: What do you think I ought to see first ?
A: How long will it take me to get there ?
A: Thank you very much.
Make up your own dialogue using the following expressions:
to consist of, to be situated, a highly developed industrial country, to be washed be the sea, parliamentary monarchy, the House of Commons, the House of Lords, overcrowded houses, places associated with, to go sightseeing, to see as many places of interest as possible.
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