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Методическая разработка. Урок по английскому языку на тему "Политическая система Великобритании. Монархия" , 10 класс

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hello_html_190e626f.gifКонспект урока по английскому языку (страноведение) 10-й класс по теме "Политическая система Великобритании. Монархия"

Разделы: Иностранные языки


Цель урока: познакомить учащихся с историей британской королевской семьи.

Задачи урока:

  • Воспитательный компонент: способствовать воспитанию у учащихся уважительного отношения к истории и культуре другого народа.

  • Образовательный компонент: формирование социокультурной компетенции через использование страноведческой информации на английском языке и анализ текста 1-го куплета гимна Великобритании.

  • Развивающий компонент: совершенствование навыков перевода и чтения незнакомого текста.

Оборудование и оснащение урока:

  • Мультимедийный проектор и презентация в PowerPoint.

  • Аудиозапись гимна Великобритании.

  • Англо-русские словари на столах.

ХОД УРОКА

1. Сообщение темы и задачей урока

Т. Today we’ll continue to discuss the main aspects of  the British Political system. Look at the board! Here you can see words which are mixed. You should find 5 words and word combinations connected with Political system of Great Britain. (Учащиеся выполняютзадание в тетради в течение 3 минут)

(The, the, the, the, the, Queen, State, Monarch, Minister, of, Head, President, Prime)

Key: the Head of State, the Monarch, the Queen, the President, the Prime Minister.

2. Речевая разминка

T. Politics … Sometimes it is interesting? Sometimes it is not interesting. Answer the questions:

  • Who is the Head of State in Great Britain?

  • Who is the Head of State in the USA?

  • What are the Houses of the British Parliament?

  • Who has more power: the British Queen or the President of the USA? Why?

  • Does the British elect the Queen?

  • Whom do the British elect?

  • Whom does the Monarch officially appoint?

Agree or disagree with my statements:

  • The government of the UK represents 3 branches: legislative, executive and green tree’s branch.

  • The House of Commons is appointed by the Monarch.

  • The Cabinet of Ministers consists of 650 members.

  • The Cabinet is chosen by the Prime Minister.

  • The name of the British Queen is Victoria II.

3. Знакомство  с гимном Великобритании: (звучит аудиозапись гимна Великобритании – GodSavetheQueen, песня SexPistols).

Боже, храни Короля/Королеву! — патриотическая песня, национальный гимн, используемый для важных государственных событий в Великобритании. Также королевский гимн Канады, Австралии, Новой Зеландии и других стран Королевств Содружества. Гимн Британской королевской семьи.
Хотя наиболее известна
феминизированная версия этого гимна, однако, в периоды правления в Великобритании короля, слово «Королева» заменяется на «Король».
Не существует единой официальной версии гимна, он ни разу не подтверждался     официально королевской прокламацией или актом британского Парламента, то есть формально существует лишь
традиция (гимн «де-факто»).
Чаще всего исполняются первые две
строфы, реже три. Существуют варианты с большим количеством строчек.

1. God save our gracious Queen,
Long live our noble Queen,
God save the Queen:
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us:
God save the Queen.

2. Lord, our God, arise,
Scatter her enemies,
And make them fall.
Confound their politics,
Frustrate their knavish tricks,
On Thee our hopes we fix,
God save us all.

3. Thy choicest gifts in store,
On her be pleased to pour;
Long may she reign:
May she defend our laws,
And ever give us cause
To sing with heart and voice
God save the Queen.

При помощи перевода  прилагательных 1-го куплета важно показать учащимся, что содержание неофициального гимна Великобритании отражает характерные черты британского народа: их гордость за многовековую историю монархии, гордость  и восхищение  своей Королевой, гордость своей державой и своей принадлежностью к этой стране.  (Приложение 1)

Gracious    милосердный, великодушный
Nobleпревосходный, величественный
Victoriousпобедоносный
Gloriousвеликолепный, восхитительный
To reign (over)царствовать, господствовать .

4. Знакомство с историей Королевской семьи

Т. Now let me introduce  some information about the Royal Family of Great Britain.

Работа с презентацией в PowerPoint, которая составлена в виде книги: рассказ учителя и чтение при помощи учащихся, среди которых наиболее сильные выполняют роль переводчиков. (Приложение 1)

A job for  life

For more than a thousand years Britain  has always had kings or queens. Why does Britain need monarchy?  Elisabeth II  calls her  family  a “Firm”.  She  thinks of it as a business rather than a family. And the main business of the royal family is… well, probably being royal. And they are paid for it. The Queen  is one of the richest women in the world and yet she  gets about 8 million pounds a year to be queen. But many people agree that she does her job well and she deserves her salary.
For more than a thousand years Britain  has always had kings or queens. Why does Britain need monarchy?  Elisabeth II  calls her  family  a “Firm”.  She  thinks of it as a business rather than a family. And the main business of the royal family is… well, probably being royal. And they are paid for it. The Queen  is one of the richest women in the world and yet she  gets about 8 million pounds a year to be queen. But many people agree that she does her job well and she deserves her salary.
Every summer the Queen gives three or more royal garden parties at Buckingham Palace. About 8,000 guests come to each party. They drink about 27,000 cups of tea and eat 20,000 sandwiches and 20,000 pieces of cake.  The Queen and other members of the royal family often travel abroad as guests of other countries.
So their life is quite busy.  Besides, the Queen acts as head of the government - so every day she reads official papers from the government and once a week she has a meeting with the Prime Minister. She also has to read the report of the day from Parliament. Any law made by Parliament really becomes law only if the Queen agrees to it. But no king or queen has refused a new law since 1701!

5. Физминутка: упражнение для глаз

T. Lets have a rest!
Look at me, please! Don’t turn your head!
Look at the board! Look at me! Look at my hand!
(совершаю рукой вращательные движения). Look at the ceiling! Look at the floor! Look at the right! Look at the left! Look at me! Close your eyes! Open your eyes! (Twice) Sit down, please!

6. Family Story

When Elisabeth was born nobody knew she would be queen. Her grandfather, King George V, had six children. His eldest son, Edward, was the next in line to be king and Elisabeth’s father, Albert, was only second child. Edward loved a good time. He enjoyed women, drank a lot, spent money, liked fashionable clothes. Albert, or Bertie, as his friends called him, was rather shy, he stammered, and all his life it was difficult for him to make speeches. As he did not expect to become king, he chose the Navy.

He married Lady Elisabeth Bowes-Lyon – she was the Queen Mother   – and they had two daughters, Elisabeth  and Margaret. The family lived in a house on Piccadilly. It was not a palace, but it was a nice place with twenty five bedrooms, a library and a room for dances and parties. The girls had a private teacher, they also studied music, dancing and art. As a child Elizabeth was nicknamed Lilibet – because that was the way she pronounced her name. She was a serious, tidy little girl, but her governess said that Lilibet and Margaret could fight on occasions.

In 1936 King George died. When his coffin with the crown on top of it was carried through the streets on a horse-drawn carriage, the crown fell. Many people thought it was a bad sign. Indeed, 1936 became  “the year of three kings”. In January, after his father’s death, Edward became king. In December he refused from the throne and his younger brother, Bertie took his place.

Many people think that this is one of the most romantic love stories of our century. Handsome and popular King Edward was in love with an American woman Wallis Simpson and he wanted to marry her. But Wallis was divorced – twice! The royal family did not like her, the government was against this marriage, so was the Church.
It was not an easy choice for Edward, but he made it. He preferred Wallis to the crown. They got married and lived in Paris for most of their lives. They were never friendly with the royal family again.
When Elisabeth was 13 she met Prince Philip of Greece. He was six years older than her. He came from the Greek royal family, but also had relatives in the Danish, Britain and Russian royal families. During the war he was in the Navy and that was when Elisabeth first saw him. Certainly at the time she was only a schoolgirl, but later they fell in love and in 1947 they got married.
The next few years were very happy. They had their first children: a son, Charles, born in 1948, and daughter, Anne, born in 1950.

7. Физминутка: упражнение для глаз

T. Let’s have a rest!
Look at me, please! Don’t turn your head!
Look at the board! Look at me! Look at my hand! (
я совершаю рукой вращательные движения). Look at the ceiling! Look at the floor! Look at the right! Look at the left! Look at me! Close your eyes! Open your eyes!(twice) Sit down, please!

8. Her Majesty the Queen    ELISAVETA  II

In 1952 King George VI died. Elisabeth was only twenty-five and she was Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Like other kings and queens since 1066, she came to Westminster Abbey for the government didn’t welcome the idea. It was an important ceremony to be on television. The church and the government didn’t welcome the idea. It was an important ceremony and not a public show, they said. But Elisabeth won. The whole country watched how the heavy gold crown was placed on the young Queen’s head.

9. Викторина «What do you know about the royal family?»

(Вопросы для викторины могут быть разработаны самостоятельно по тексту материала)

10. Итоги урока

Do you like our lesson today? Was it interesting for you?
– Was something new for you? What?
– How do you think was it useful for you?
Why?

(Эти вопросы можно задать на родном языке, что бы учащиеся, отвечая на них могли осознавать и чётко анализировать ценность предложенного материала)





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