1. Прослушайте текст.
Tea in Britain
Tea, that most important of English drinks, is a relative latecomer to British shores. Although the custom of drinking tea dates back to the third millennium ВС in China, it was not until the mid 17th century that the drink first appeared in England.
The use of tea spread slowly from its Asian homeland, reaching Europe through Venice around 1560, although Portuguese trading ships may have made contact with the Chinese as early as 1515.
It was the Portuguese and Dutch traders who first imported tea to Europe, with regular shipments by 1610.
Curiously it was the London coffee houses that were responsible for introducing tea to England. Tea gained popularity quickly in the coffee houses, and by 1700 over 500 coffee houses sold it. By 1750 tea had become the favoured drink of Britain's lower classes.
Afternoon tea is said to have originated with one person; Anna, 7th Duchess of Bedford. In the early 1800's she launched the idea of having tea in the late afternoon to bridge the gap between luncheon and dinner, which in fashionable circles might not be served until 8 o'clock at night. This fashionable custom soon evolved into high tea among the working classes, where this late afternoon repast became the main meal of the day.
In 1864 the woman manager of the Aerated Bread Company began the custom of serving food and drink to her customers. Her best customers, were favoured with tea. Soon everyone was asking for the same treatment. That's how the tea shops appeared.
repast еда, трапеза
2. Запишите недостающую информацию.
1. Although the custom of drinking tea to the third millennium ВС in ______, in England it became popular in the 17th century.
2. Tea reached Europe through _________, Italy around 1560.
3. The _________and Dutch traders first imported tea to Europe.
4. Tea was introduced first to England in London _________ houses.
5. By 1750 tea had become the favoured drink of Britain's________ classes.
6. In the early 1800's Anna, 7th Duchess of Bedford, _________ the idea of having tea in the late afternoon.
7. This fashionable custom soon evolved into_____________ among the working classes.
8. In 1864 the woman manager of the Aerated Bread Company began the custom of______________ and drink to her customers.
9. Her best____________ were favoured with tea.
10. Soon everyone was asking for the same .
Приём обучающего письма "Бортовой журнал": что нового вы узнали из текста, что вы знали ранее.
I have known
Подберите к каждому абзацу подходящее по смыслу выражение. После чтения абзацев примените приём "Инсерт" – маркировка текста сигналами – "V" – "знаю", "+" – "новая информация", "-" – "информация, несовпадающая с тем, что я знал раньше", "?" – "недостаточная информация".
A."Don't throw the baby out with the bath water."
B. "It's raining cats and dogs."
C. "peas porridge hot, peas porridge cold, peas porridge in the pot nine days old",
D. "upper crust"
Baths in the 1500s were rare but when they were taken it was in a big tub filled with hot water. There was, naturally, a pecking order. The man of the house had the privilege of the nice clean water (and he was probably the dirtiest), then came all the other sons and men, then the women and finally the children. Last of all were the babies. By then the water was so dirty you could actually lose someone in it. Hence the saying .
Those lucky enough to have houses, had houses with thatched roofs made from thick straw, piled high, with no wood underneath. This was the only place for animals to get warm, so all the pets: dogs, cats and other small animals like mice and rats, lived in the roof. When it rained it became slippery arid sometimes the animals would slip and fall from the roof.
Bread was divided according to status. Workers got the burnt bottom of the loaf, the family got the middle, and guests got the top, or the .
In the kitchen they cooked in a big kettle that always hung over the fire. Every day they lit the fire and added things to the pot. They mostly ate vegetables and didn't get much meat. They would eat the stew for dinner leaving leftovers in the pot to get cold overnight and then start over the next day. Sometimes the stew had food in it that had been in there for a month. Hence the rhyme:
блюдо из тушёного мяса или рыбы
ЛЕКСИКА И ГРАММАТИКА
Заполните пропуски подходящими по смыслу словами , примените приём "Чтение с остановками"
Mock at, do without, reach across for, bump, nickname, behaviour, old-fashioned, sneeze, keep a distance, observe, elbows, wave
Some people think that good manners have become (1)____ and we can (2)____ them. But I think that if we want to be known as well-mannered people. we should (3)_____them. For example it is considered impolite to (4) into other people in the street and not to apologize. If you talk to someone you should (5). It is considered to be improper (6)_______ to put your (7)______ on the table when you eat, to (8)______ for the salt, to (9)____ or to (10) ______fork or knife in the air. It is also rude to (11) ______other people and to call them by (12)_____. I think that these manners help us to live in a pleasant society without offending other people and their feelings.
Прочитайте текст, преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.
Proper posture at the table is very important. Sit up straight, with (l ) YOU arms held near your body. You should neither lean on the back of the chair nor bend forward to place your (2 ) ELBOW on the table. It is (3) PERMISION to lean forward slightly every now and then, and press the elbows very (4 ) LIGHT against the edge of the table if it is obvious that you are not (5) USE them for support.
Food you can eat with your fingers
Chips, French fries , fried chicken and hamburgers (6) SIMPLE will not be served in a formal setting. Most (7) INTEND to be eaten with the hands, although a (8) PARTICULAR messy hamburger could be approached with fork and knife.
Составьте диаграмму Венна, разграничив еду, которую можно есть руками, а какую не рекомендуется:
Запишите слова по теме: "Еда и напитки". Составьте кластер (ассоциаграмму) по теме.
Every cook praises his own broth
Каждый повар хвалит свой собственный бульон
кухня, стол, поваренное искусство
тонкий ломтик бекона для поджаривания
in spite of
питательный (о пище), существенный
бифштекс, кусок мяса (рыбы)
мясо молодого барашка
сделать вывод, подвести итог
Home assignment. Read the text "English meals", answer questions, write essay to the topic "Food and drink", write sinquains with the word "TEA".
Домашнее задание: выучить слова по теме "Еда и напитки", прочитайте текст "English meals", ответьте на вопросы.
Напишите пятистишие по теме "Чай", напишите эссе по теме "Еда и напитки" на 45 минут.
Стих из 5-ти строк требует синтезировать информацию. Как составить пятистищие:
1 строка: 1 слово, описывающее тему (кто, что),
2 строка: 2 слова (2 прилагательных),
3 строка: 3 слова, выражающих действие,
4 строка: фраза из 4-х слов, показывающих отношение к действию,
5 строка: 1 слово – синоним, которое ещё раз подчёркивает сущность темы (существительное).
Например , в русском языке:
Пробовать, пить, наслаждаться,
Мы все любим его,
1. dates back; China; 2. Venice; 3. Portuguese; 4. coffee; 5. lower; 6. launched; 7. high tea; 8. serving food; 9. customers; treatment
1. A; 2. B; 3. D; 4. C
Лексика и грамматика
1. Old-fashioned; 2. do without; 3; observe, keep; 4. bump; 5. keep a distance; 6. behaviour; 7. elbows; 8. reach; 9. sneeze; 10. wave; 11. mock at; 12. nick-names
1. your; 2. elbows; 3. permissible; 4. lightly; 5. using; 6. simply; 7. are intended; 8. particularly
1. C; 2. A; 3. D; 4. B; 5. D; 6. B; 7. A; 8. A
Пятистишие " Чай "TEA"
Tasting, drinking, enjoing,
We all like it,