Методическая разработка учебного занятия по английскому языку для 6 класса
Учитель английского языка
Talking about healthy way of life, how to keep fit and healthy.
The Present Simple Tense (to describe everyday action or situation);
The Imperative (to give advice);
expressing opinions about smoking (I don’t think that’s right! It’s awful! The situation is awful for all of us! That’s great! Really? It’s a good idea to… I feel strongly against it. I’m absolutely positive that…);
giving advice (You should do… You shouldn’t do…);
expressing opinions about exercises (Let me start with … The most important need for me is … This is a very good reason to… I think that … I believe …);
talking about pupils’ healthy-eating habits;
Health, bad / poor health, good health, to be in bad / poor / ill health, to enjoy good health,
to do exercises, regular exercises, not to take drugs, to jog in the morning, to keep to a diet,
to keep fit, get up early and go to bed early, smoke, eat too much or too little, wash your hands before you eat, watch TV too long, eat healthy food, take too much medicine, spend much time outdoors, work on your computer too long, drink alcohol;
reading for gist;
reading for detail.
- Good morning!
- How are you today? How are you parents?
- I’m glad that you are all fine!
Some people are healthy, some people are unhealthy. The English people say: “Health is the best wealth”. They are right! We can’t buy health, but we can do a lot to keep it.
By the way, what do people do to be healthy?
- They go in for sports.
- They eat healthy food.
- They lead a regular way of life.
- They spend much time outdoors.
- They keep to a diet.
- They consult the doctor to prevent illness, etc.
So, today we’ll speak about our health, about what we should do to be healthy. During the lesson you'll get a chance to check your knowledge of the topic and gain the experience of speaking in front of the class, using your vocabulary, text, our computer presentation, film.
For the beginning I'd like you to warm up! Let’s begin with some words and phrases:
Repeat the words after me. Translate some words from Russian into English.
bad / poor health
to be in bad / poor / ill health
to enjoy good health
to do exercises
not to take drugs
to jog in the morning
to keep to a diet
to keep fit
Match the words and word-combinations with Russian equivalent.
health - заботиться о здоровье
bad / poor health — хрупкое здоровье, ослабленный организм
good health — регулярные занятия
to be in bad / poor / ill health — иметь слабое здоровье
to enjoy good health — придерживаться диеты
to do exercises — упражняться
regular exercises — крепкое здоровье
not to take drugs – не принимать наркотики
to jog in the morning – бегать трусцой
to keep to a diet- быть в добром здравии
to keep fit– здоровье
There are many opportunities for keeping fit: to keep yourself safe from smoking , to keep yourself safe from alcohol , to eat healthy food , to be active . Are you healthy?
Answer the questions. Presentation “Keeping fit” slides 1, 2. There are many opportunities for keeping fit: to keep yourself safe from smoking , to keep yourself safe from alcohol, to eat healthy foot, to be active . Are you healthy? Answer the questions.
1. Do you eat fruit and vegetables every day?.....................................[ ] [ ]
2. Do you go in for sports?.................................................................. [ ] [ ]
3. Do you watch TV for more then an hour a day? …….....................[ ] [ ]
4. Do you eat sweets every day? ………………………………….....[ ] [ ]
5. Do you sleep 8-10 hours at night? …………………………….…..[ ] [ ]
6. Do you think about your health?......................................................[ ] [ ]
Put “one” for each “yes”-answer!
My total score _______________
What does your score tell about?
0-2: Oh, dear! Forget about chips and sweet! You need fruit and vegetables!
3-4: Do more exercises and eat more carefully!
5-6: You keep fit! Well done!
2. Main part of the lesson.
2.1. Watching video.
But it is very difficult to follow healthy lifestyle. There are many bad habits. They are smoking, drinking alcohol and taking drugs. Let’s watch video. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1guM9Ydjbac
Answer the questions:
- What measures should we take against bad habits?
- Which of the arguments will you use to convince your friends not to smoke or drink too much alcohol?
2.2. Presentation “Keeping fit” slides 3, 4. Worksheet 2. Keep yourself safe from smoking. Match the sentences and the pictures and give us the information about the knowledge that prevents you and your friends from smoking.
People who smoke have to put up with many bad things to continue their smoking. Cigarettes cost a lot of money that could be used for other healthier things.
Their hair, clothes and breath smell of stale smoke. Teeth and fingers go yellow. Skin looks unhealthy and grey. Their sense of smell and taste are affected.
In many countries, laws have been made so that there are few places left where they can smoke in public.
People have been educated to know the dangers of smoking and passive smoking.
Read the sentences. Comment them using the expressions below.
- I don’t think that’s right!
- It’s awful!
- The situation is awful for all of us!
- That’s great!
- It’s a good idea to…
- I feel strongly against it.
- I’m absolutely positive that…
2.3. Presentation “Keeping fit”, slide 5. You often go to the parties. I would like to give you a piece of advice on keeping yourself safe from alcohol.
2.4. Discussion “Why do you need exercise”.
Smoking and drinking alcohol are negative sides of our society. Let’s discuss the positive sides. The first theme for discussion is “Why do you need exercises?” There are some ideas for you:
You look great.
It makes you feel fit, strong and healthy.
It stops you feeling 'stressed out'.
It's fun to exercise with others.
You have more energy to do other things.
Discuss the ideas in pairs. What are the most important ideas for you? Add your own ideas to the list. Use dialogue vocabulary.
Now let’s summarize your answers: Presentation “Keeping fit” slide 6.
2.5. I think it’s time to have a rest and do some exercises.
So, it’s good to have healthy habits. What healthy habits do you know? Some people believe that the number thirteen brings bad luck. But instead, today, the number thirteen is going to bring you health! And now look through the text “Thirteen healthy habits”, underline these habits in the text, please!
Some people believe that the number thirteen brings bad luck. But instead, today, the number thirteen is going to bring you health!
Healthy habit number one: eat breakfast every morning. Eating breakfast can help people feel better through the day. And, children who eat breakfast usually do better at school! A good breakfast includes fruits, vegetables, and grains.
Healthy habit number two: eat fish. The American Health Association suggests eating fish two times each week.
Healthy habit number three: sleep enough. Poor sleep quality can affect our memory and learning. Experts advise getting at least seven hours of sleep a night.
Healthy habit number four: make social connections. Spending time with other people can also improve help. An active mind is a healthy mind!
Healthy habit number five: exercise. Exercise is very important for good health. It helps control a person’s body weight. Exercising also helps grow healthy muscles, bones, and joints. It reduces the risk of high blood pressure and diabetes. Exercising reduces the risk of death from heart diseases. Exercise helps people to think and move better. It helps manage stress, improves emotions, and gives people lots of energy!
Healthy habit number six: care for your teeth. Research shows that taking care of your teeth can add over six years to your life! So remember to wash, brush and clean between your teeth!
Healthy habit number seven: have a hobby. A hobby is something that you enjoy doing. It could be running, reading or making something with your hands. Hobbies help people to relax and rest. Hobbies bring us joy.
Healthy habit number eight: protect your skin. The sun produces ultraviolet, or UV rays. These rays can harm our skin.
Healthy habit number nine: eat healthy between meals. Eating between meals is called snacking. Many people snack on unhealthy foods - foods that are high in sugar, salt or fat. Fruits and vegetables are a better choice. Remember an apple a day keeps the doctor away.
Healthy habit number ten: drink water. Our bodies are made of mostly water. In fact, our bodies are sixty to seventy percent water! Water helps our bodies work right. Water helps to clear our bodies of harmful waste materials. Eight glasses of water a day does a body good!
Healthy habit number eleven: drink tea.
Healthy habit number twelve: take a walk every day.
Healthy habit number thirteen: have a plan. So, the best way to be healthy is to make a plan.
Let’s name these habits!
Healthy habit number 1 is… , etc.
Have you got any of these habits?
2.7. Presentations “Keeping fit” slide 7.
I’d like to acquaint you with General Rules for healthy-eating.
General Rules for healthy-eating.
Eat more fruits and veggies
Don't eat on the run. When you eat fast, you tend to overeat
Eat when you’re hungry, stop when you’re not
Eat a good breakfast, and eat multiple, small meals throughout the day
Try not to eat much after 7 PM
Limit the amount of high-sugar desserts you keep around in the house
Are you a healthy-eater? Tell us about it using
2.8. Read the poem and answer the questions.
To be healthy in your life,
Don’t forget to do all five!
Get up early, quick and bright
Ex-s with all your might.
In the morning jump and run,
Eat your healthy breakfast you have
Train your body , train your brain
And all bad habits pass away.
Answer the questions:
Do you like the poem?
Are you going to be healthy in your life?
Is it difficult or easy for you to get up early?
Do you exercise every day?
Do you eat breakfast every day?
What is more important for you: to train body or to train brain?
2.9. Group work. Mini-projects: “What we should do to be healthy and what we shouldn’t do to be healthy”. Presentations “Keeping fit” slide 9.
Divide what we should do and we shouldn’t do to be healthy. Add the information from exercises and your own information.
get up early and go to bed early smoke
eat too much or too little wash your hands before you eat
take regular exercises watch TV too long
eat healthy food take too much medicine
keep to a diet spend much time outdoors
work on your computer too long drink alcohol
What we should do to be healthy
what we shouldn’t do to be healthy
3.Ending of the lesson. Lesson Reflection. Write the short answers on
1. Things that went well in the lesson.
2. Things that didn’t go quite so well.
3. Things you would change or do differently next time.
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