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Galileo Galilei His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism. Was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution. His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter (named the Galilean moons in his honour), and the observation and analysis of sunspots. Galileo also worked in applied science and technology, inventing an improved military compass and other instruments. (1564 -1642)
Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) Was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning. From his childhood days Pavlov demonstrated intellectual brilliance along with an unusual energy which he named "the instinct for research".
Albert Einstein Was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern .While best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect". The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory. (1879-1955)
Charles Darwin Was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding (1809-1882)
Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (1834-1907) Was a Russian chemist and inventor. He formulated the Periodic Law, created his own version of the periodic table of elements, and used it to correct the properties of some already discovered elements and also to predict the properties of elements yet to be discovered.
Isaac Newton Newton's Principia formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation that dominated scientists' view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. It also demonstrated that the motion of objects on the Earth and that of celestial bodies could be described by the same principles. By deriving Kepler's laws of planetary motion from his mathematical description of gravity, Newton removed the last doubts about the validity of the heliocentric model of the cosmos. (1643-1727)
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Данный урок является вторым в цикле уроков, знакомящих учащихся 8- класса с темой «Мир науки и техники». Урок построен на материалах учебников УМК для 8 класса: О.В.Афанасьева, И.В.Михеева. Английский язык для школ с углубленным изучением английского языка. М.. «Просвещение», 2012.
Урок направлен на формирование познавательной активности учащихся и актуализации их личного опыта. О многих ученых учащиеся уже узнали на уроках по другим предметам. Урок дает возможность учащимся не только приобрести знания при изучении английского языка, но и проявить инициативу, показать свои знания об ученых, что создает ситуацию успеха для каждого ребенка.