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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / Методическая разработка урока "Правила чтения"

Методическая разработка урока "Правила чтения"


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������� ������ ������ 1 1. ��������� ������� ����� ��������� b [b], d [d], f [f], h [h], k [k], l [l], m [m], n [n], p [p], r [r], s [s], t [t], v [v], w [w], z [z] 2. ��������� ������� ����� ��������� a	o	e	u	i/y [ei] take	[?u] [ou] rose	[i:] he	[ju:] blue	[a?] like, my [?] fat	[?] dog	[e] pen	[?] bus	[?] did [a:] dark	[?:] port	[�:] [?:] her	[�:] [?:] fur	[�:] [?:] girl 3. ���������� ����� take, make, lake, hate, fate, pale; tune, duke, blue, mute; map, fat, bad, Dad, pan; but, fun, nut, must, custom; part, mark, start, park, art, smart; fur, hurt, curls; note, no, so, bone, rose; line, fine, mine; not, dog, lot, pot, Bob; did, bit, lift, hit; sport, port, pork, born; first, girl, firm, bird; Pete, me, he, be, tree; type, by, fly, my; pet, let, met, fed, net, set; mystic, hymn her, term, serve; 4. �������� ����������� ���� hate, bad, art, rose, pot, sport, he, let, term, duke, nut, hurt, fine, lift, firm, my, hymn 5. ��������� ����� ����������� ���? ���� ����? ���? � ���? ���? � ������-���������	��� ������- ���������� I	me	my	mine	myself he	him	his	his	himself she	her	her	hers	herself it	it	its	its	itself we	us	our	ours	ourselves you	you	your	yours	yourselves they	them	their	theirs	themselves This � these, that � those, some, any 6. ��������� �������� �������� to be	to have	to do I	am	was	have	had	do	did he is was has had does did she it we are were have had do did you they 7. ����������, ���������� �� ������� ���� � ��������� �������� ����� boy, girl, man, woman, lady, chap, guy, gentleman, son, daughter, brother, sister, father, mother, grandfather, grandmother, husband, wife, parents, relatives, people, pupil, student, worker, employee, engineer, teacher, doctor, physician, physicist, scientist, dentist, actor, actress, artist, musician, lawyer, businessman, manager, driver, journalist, tailor, fitter, carpenter, sound, letter, syllable, word, phrase, sentence, paragraph, extract, passage, text, title, article, story, composition, quiz, mark, novel, book, textbook, notebook, magazine, journal, dictionary, pin, clip, pen, pencil, eraser, rubber, ruler, cassette, disc 8. ����������, ���������� �� ������� ���� �������� ���������� 1. I am a pupil. 2. He is a teacher. 3. She is an actress. 4. We are journalists. 5. You are workers. 6. They are drivers. 7. I have some pens and pencils. 8. He has this book. 9. She has that book. 10. You have some pins and clips. 11. They haven't any boxes. 12. He was an actor. 13. They were engineers. 14. I had a ruler. 15. This is a book. 16. It is a book. 17. That is a magazine. 18. Those are newspapers. 19. The text has some paragraphs. 20. The paragraphs have some sentences. 9. �������� �������� ����� ������� to be, to have 1. She... a student. 2. He... a businessman. 3. I... an employee. 4. We... pupils. 5. You... journalists. 6. This... a ruler. 7. Those... clips. 8. I... a disc. 9. They... books. 10. Those girls... students. 12. The pupil... a ruler and some pencils. 13. My mother... a lawyer. 14. My sister... some notebooks. 15. I... some discs. 16. We... some books. 17. He... a cassette. 18. He... a musician. 19. They... journalists. 20. We... pupils. 10. ���������� �� ���������� ���� ����������, �������� ������� to be, to have 1. �� ����. 2. ��� ���� � �������. 3. �� ��� � ���������. 4. �� ���� � ���������. 5. � ���� ���� ��� �������. 6. ��� � �������, � �� � ���. 7. ��� ���� ��������. 8. � ��� ���� ��������� ������. 9. � ��� ��� ���� ����. 10. � ��� ���� ��� �����. 11. �� ���� � �����������. 12. ��� ���� � �����. 13. ��� ������� � ������� � ����������. 14. � ������� ���� ��� �������. 15. �� ������ � �������. 16. � ���� ������ ���� ��� �������. 17. ��� ���� ��� ����������. 18. � ��� ����� ���� ��� �����. 19 � �� ���� ��������� �������. 20. � ��� ��� ���� ������. 11. ������������ ��������� �������� ����������� ����� ��� ������ ��� ������� � �������� Good morning (afternoon, evening)! - ������ ���� (����, �����)! Hello (hi)! - ������! Nice (glad) to see you. - ������ (���) ������ ���. How are you? - ��� �� ��� ����������? How's life? - ��� �����? How are you getting on? - ��� �� ���������? Fine, thanks. - ������, �������. Not too (so) bad. - �������. Can't complain. - �� ���� �����������. So so. - ��� ����. Pretty bad. - ����� �����. Could be better. - ����� �� ���� �����. Let's go somewhere together. - ����� ������ ����-������ ������. I don't mind, but now I am in a hurry. - � �� �������, �� ������ � ��������. Good-bye! - �� �������! Bye-bye! - ����! So lond. - ����, �� �������. See you soon. - ����, �� ������ �������. I hope we'll meet soon. - � ������, �� ����� �������. Good luck to you. - ����� ���. I wish you success. - � ���� ��� �������. All the best. - ����� ��������. The same to you. - ���� �� � ����. Please, remember me to... -���������� ������� ������... Have a nice holiday (journey).- ������ ��� ������ (�������). Call me some time.- ������� ��� ���-������. ��� ����������, ������� ���������� I congratulate you on your excellent results.- � ��������� ��� � ��������� ������������. My congratulations.-��� �����������. Happy birthday.- � ���� �������. Happy New Year!- C ����� �����! ����������� ������ ����! Merry Christmas!- C ����������! �������� ���������! May all your dreams come true.- ����� ��� ���� ����� ���������. I wish you success (good health, luck).-� ���� ��� ������� (�������� �������, �����). You look wonderful (lovely) today.-�� �������� ������� (������������) ������. You were great.-�� ���� �����������. Good for you.- �������. Well done.- ������� ���������. 12.����������, ���������� �� ������� ���� � �������������� �������� ������� -Hello, Mike! Nice to see you. -Hello, Sam! How are you? -I m fine, thanks. And how are you? -Thank you. Not so bad. Can t complain. -Let s go somewhere together. - I don t mind, but how I am in hurry. Call me some time. So long. I wish you success. -The same to you. Remember me to your sister. I hope we II meet soon. *** -Hi, David! How are you getting on? -Fine, thanks. -You were great at the conference yesterday. My congratulations on your excellent results! -Have a lot. It was nice to meet you. Lets keep in touch. -Have a nice weekend! Bye! Good luck to to you. See you later. ������ 2 1.��������� ������� ����� ��������� C [s] [k]	Ceiling, pencil, cat, back	kn	[n]	know ch	[ti]	chess	wr	[r]	write sh	[i]	she	wh	[w]	when ph	[f]	photo	nk	[nk]	thanks th	[0] [oq]	Thank you this	ng	[ng]	English x	[ks]	text	j	[d�]	just x	[gz]	exam	g	[g]	glad qu	[kw]	queen	tion	[fn]	information 2. ���������� ����� pencil, luck, clean, chap, chain, chose, chalk, she, shape, shop, shut, sheet, phase, phrase, phone, tenth, thanks, thick, thick, three, they, them, thus, rhythm, next, text, box, six, exam, exist, example, queen, question, quarter, knee, knight, knife, wrote, write, ink, pink, sink, think, rank, song, sing, thing, rang, ring, spring, king, angry, hungry, language, English, Jane, Jack, just, jump, joke, jam, gym, gentle, large, go, get, gate, golf, egg, gap, dog, gun, demonstration, mention, organization, when, where, what, why, white 3.�������� ������������ ���� pencil, luck, cleat, chap, chalk, thick, three, thus, next, exam, exist, queen, quarter, knight, song, angry, language, jump, large, gun, mention, what 4.��������� �������� ��������������� -er, -or: worker, director, writer, visitor; -ist: artist, scientist, physicist; -ion(-ation, -tion, -sion, -ssion): dictation, expression, invitation, creation; -ment: agreement, development, movement -ing: beginning, building, feeling; -ship: friendship, leadership; -hood: childhood, neighbourhood; -ance, -ence: importance, difference; -age: language, heritage; -ity: minority, nationality, university; -ure: agriculture, pleasure; -dom: freedom, kingdom. 5.���������, ��� ��������� ������������� ����� ��������������� -s: pens; -(e)s: bushes; y-->i: sky- skies(boy- boys); f, fe-->ves: wife- wives; um-->a: datum- data; non-->na: phenomenon- phenomena; is-->es: analysis- analyses; us-->i: nucleus- nuclei; a-->ae: formula- formulae. Man- men sheep woman- women swine child- children deer ox- oxen Chinese tooth-teeth Japanese foot- feet Swiss goose- geese trousers mouse- mice scissors louse- lice 6.���������, ��� ��������� ������������� ����� ��������������� the girl^s book ������ ������� the girls^book � ����� ������� children^book- ����� ����� 7. ��������� �������� ����� in: in the room- � ������� on: on the floor- �� ���� under: under the table -��� ������ above, over: above the picture- ��� �������� in front of :in front of bookcase � ����� ����������� behind : behind the bookcase � �� ������� ������ between :between the table and the chair- ����� ������ � ������ among: among the spoons -����� ����� in the middle of: in the middle of the kitchen � ���������� ����� near: near the fridge- ����� ������������ at: at the tape-recorder � ����� ������o���� around: around the table- ������ ����� 8. ����������, ���������� �� ������� ���� � ��������� �������� ����� flat, room, kitchen, bathroom, shower, window, window sill, floor, ceiling, wall, blackboard, chalk, duster, lamp, desk, table, chair, bench, door, clock, TV-set, armchair, sofa, carpet, cupboard, furniture, bookcase, wardrobe, bed, shelf, stove, refrigerator, fridge, wash-bowl, sink, tap, washing- machine, vacuum-cleaner, rug, fork, spoon, knife, plate, pan, iron, vase, pot, jug, glass, cup, bottle, tape-recorder, player, recorder, radio, video, picture, picture, curtains, flowers 9. ����������, ���������� �� ������� ���� 1. There is a book on the shelf. 2. Is there a book on the shelf?- Yes there is. 3. There are flowers in the vase. 4. Are there any flowers in the vase? - Yes, there are. 5. There are no magazines under the table. 6. Are there any magazines under the table? - No, there are not. 7. There was a fridge between the stove and the sink. 8. There were some chairs near the window. 9. Some chairs were around the table. 10. There are many words in this sentence. 11. There are some forks among spoons and knives. 12. Some cups are in the cupboard. 13. Are any cups in the cupboard? - Yes, they are. 14. There is a lamp above the table. 15. There is an armchair in front of the TV-set. 16. The armchair is in front of the TV-set. 17. The boy's player is near the tape-recorder. 18. The writer's flat is in this building. 19. The children's carpet is on the floor in the middle of the room. 20. the sisters' bookcase is behind the curtains. 10. ������������ ��������� �������� ����������� ����� ��� ����������, ���������������, ���������� ��� ������ Don't worry. - �� ����������. Everything will be alright. - ��� ����� ������. Relax. - ������������. Take it easy. - ������������� ��� �����. Don't take it to heart. - �� ���������� ��� ������ � ������. Let's hope for the best. - ������� ������� �� ������. Things happen. - ����� ������. Let me help you. - ��������� ��� ������ ���. Let me do it. - ��������� ��� ������� ���. What can I do for you? - ��� � ���� ������� �� ���? Give it to me. - �������� ��� ���. Can I help you? - ���� � ������ ����? Good lu�k. - ����� ���. ������ 3 1. ��������� ������� ����� ��������� �������������� ough	[?:]	brought	ow	[?u] [ou]	show, know augh	[?:]	daughter	ere, ear, eer	[??]	here, hear, deer oo	[u]	book, took	eigh	[e?]	eight oor	[?:]	door	ure	[ju?]	sure wa	[w?:]	wash, warm	ire	[a??]	fire are, air	[??] [e?]	fare, chair	igh	[a?]	high ou, ow	[au]	mouse, town	er, or	[?]	teacher, doctor 2. ���������� brought, caught, thought, fare, stare, care, pair, pure, mere, ear, fear, deer, beer, high, light, might, fight, knight, weight, hook, crook, war, look, cook, want, dare, hare, snow, blow, down, how, low now, town, mouse, eighteen, right, night, sight, reader, leader, helper, bright, engineer, soon, spoon, about 3. �������� ����������� �������� ���� daughter, care, pure, ear, high, fight, crook, want, blow, down, helper 4. ��������� �������� � �������� �������������� -able: comfortable, changeable; -al (ical): cultural, central, historical, industrial; -ful: beautiful, careful, useful, joyful, peaceful; -less: hopeless, useless, helpless, fearless, homeless; -ous: famous, glorious, dangerous, courageous; -y: cloudy, frosty, sunny, rainy, windy, healthy; -ent (ant): different, abundant: -ic: economic, climatic, historic; -an: European, Russian, American; -ive: legislative, executive; un-: unhappy, unknown, unpleasant, unusual; in-: indirect, incapable; im-: impossible: il-: illegal; ir-: irregular 5. ���������, ��� �������� ������� �������� �������������� � ������� high � higher � the highest dangerous � more dangerous � the most dangerous good � better � the best bad � worse � the worst little � less � the least many, much � more � the most than � ��� as � as � � ���, ��� �; ����� ��, ��� � the more � the better � � ��� ������, ��� ����� 6. ��������� ��������� ������� � �� ����������� can, to be able to I can speak English. I am able to speak English. (could) I can run quickly. I am able to run quickly. may, to be allowed to You may do it. You are allowed to do it (might) May I come in? Am I allowed to come in? must, to have to The pupil must do it. The pupil has to do it . ( � ) to be to The pupil is to do it. Should You should do it. You have to do it. (should) You are to do it. 7. ��������������� ������������ �������� to be, to have I have a book. We are to answer questions. He has a book. They were to answer questions. We had books. The table is big. I have to answer questions. The table was big. He has to answer questions. The table was in the room. He had to answer questions. There is a table in the room. He was a teacher. There was a table is the room. She is in the room. There are tables in the room. He is happy. There were tables in the room. She was happy. 8 ����������, ���������� �� ������� ���� � ��������� town, city, district, street, avenue, lane, square, park, garden, road, crossing, car, bus, bus stop, trolley-bus, tram, bicycle, motorcycle, vehicle, train, air-plane, airport, building, shop, office, post-office, enterprise, join venture, plant, factory, station, school, institute, college, university, gym, swimming pool, bank, embankment, chemist's, kindergarten, hotel, monument, museum, market, department store, fountain, news-stall, bookstall, flowerbed, street lamp, passenger, crowd, cinema, sky, cloud, sun, star, moon, tree, bush, air, dog, cat, pram, river, sea, ocean, lake, white, black, yellow, green, orange, red, blue, violet, brown, grey, pink, silver, golden, small, big, large, tall, high, short, quick, fast, slow, loud, low, wide, narrow, long, square, bright, light, dark, easy, heavy, difficult, old, young, new, clean, dirty, cheap, expensive, busy, quiet, thick, thin, warm, hot, cold, beautiful, new, necessary, different, clever, brave, perfect, perfectly, quickly, slowly, work, translate, jump, repeat, ask, answer, watch, walk, rest, live, change, help, clean, receive, play, wash. 9 ����������, ���������� �� ������� ���� 1. I can work in this office well. 2. He is able to translate these sentences very well. 3. They can jump high in the gym. 4. She can repeat all long and short sounds. 5. We are allowed to watch TV in the kitchen. 6. You may change the flowers in the vase. 10. The boy may help them. 11. He must fulfil the necessary task. 12. The pupil should clean the dirty blackboard. 13. My mother is to receive the letter. 14. My sister has to wash the plates. 15. The children may play in the garden. 16. Their sons can play football very well. 17. This river is longer than that one. 18. That tree is the highest in this street. 19. This park is as beautiful as that one. 20. The more we translate the sentences the better we answer the questions. 10 ���������� �� ���������� ���� �������� ���������� 1. �� ������ �������� �� ���� ������� ���������� ����������. 2. �� �� ������� ������������ ����� ���� ����� ������ �����. 3. ��� ����� �������� ����� ����� �� ����� ����. 4. �� ������ ������ ��������� ��� ������ ����� ������. 5. � ���� ��������� ���� �������� �����. 6. �� ����� �������� �� ���� ������. 7. ��� ���� ������ ��������� ������. 8. ��� ������ ����� ������ ����. 9. ��� ������� ������ ������ ����. 10. Ÿ ��� ����� ����� ������ ������ � ������. 11. ���� ������� ����� ���������������, ��� ���. 12. ���� �������� ����� �����, ��� ���. 13. ���� �������� �������� ����� ������� � ������. 14. ���� ���������� ����� ��������� � ���� ������. 15. ��� ������ ����� �������� �� ���� �����. 16. ���� ������������� ����� ������� � ����� ���������. 17. �� ����� ��������� �������� � ������. 18. ���� ����� ����� �� ��������, ��� � ���. 19. �� ����� ������� ��� �� ������, ��� � ��� ����. 20. ��� ������ �� ������� ���������, ��� ������ ���������� �� ��������. 11 ������������ ��������� �������� ����������� ����� ��� �������������, �������� �� ������������� Thanks a lot. - ������� �������. Thanks awfully. - ������ ����������. Thank you very much. - ������� ��� �������. A thousand thanks. - ����� ��������������. I would like to thank you. - ��� �� �������� ������������� ���. Thank you for... - ������� ��... My gratitude cannot be expressed in words. - �� ������������� �� ����� ���� �������� � ������. I don't know how to thank you. - � �� ���,��� ������������� ���. Don't mention it. - �� ����� ��������� �� ����. Not at all. - �� ����� ��������������. You are welcome.- ������ ����������. It's O.K. - �� ������. That's all right. - �� ������. It was no trouble at all. - ��� ��� ������ �� ������. It was a real pleasure for me to do it. - ��� ���� ������ ������� ��� �� ���. 12 ����������, ���������� �� ������� ���� � �������������� �������� ������� - I'd like to invite you to out party. - A thousand thanks. At what time? - Does 7 o' clock suit you? - Fine. Thanks for inviting me... - You are welcome! - Good morning. Tom1 How are you getting on? - Good morning,Jane! Not too bad. Can't complain/ - You were great at the exam yesterday. My congratulations on excellent resualts! - Thank you very much. And what about your exam results? - Don't know yet. - Don't worry and relax. Don't take it to heart. I'd like to invite you to our party. - Thank you for inviting me. At what time? - Does 8 o'clock suit you? - O.K.! Can I help you? - Give it to me. See you soon. - Bye for now! ������ 4 ������ ������� ������ ������ ������� a	o	e	u	i [er]face ai rain ay bay	Ow show oa coat old cold	[I:]he ee show ea sea ei ceiling ie field	[ju:] blue	[ar] nice igh high ild child ind kind [ae]black	[ 1 ��������� ������������ �������,� ������� ��� ��� ����� ��������. To cost � cost � cost ������ To cut � cut � cut ������, ������ To hit � hit � hit ������ To hurt � hurt � hurt �������� ���� To let � let � let ���������,�������� To put � put � put ������ To set � set � set ������������� To shut � shut � shut ��������� To spread � spread � spread �������������� 2 ��������� ������������ �������, � ������� �������� ����� � ����� ����. To become � became � become ���������� To come � came � come ��������� To run � ran � run ������ 3 ��������� ������������ �������, � ������� �������� ����� � ����� ����� To bring � brought � brought ��������� To build � built � built ������� To burn � burnt � burnt ����, ������� To buy � bought � bought �������� To catch � caught � caught ������, ������� To feed � fed � fed � ������� To fight � fought � fought � ��������, ������� To find � found � found � �������� To get � got � got � �������� To have � had � had ����� To hear � heard � heard ������� To hold � held � held �������, ��������� To keep � kept � kept �������, ������� To lay � laid � laid ������ To lead � led � led � ����� , ���������� To leave � left � left ��������, �������� To learn � learnt � learnt ����� , ������� To lose � lost � lost ����� To make � made � made ������ To meet � met- met -���������(�) To pay � paid- paid ������� To read � read -read ������ To say- said-said -������� , �������� To sell � sold- sold � ��������� To send � sent � sent -�������� To sleep � slept � slept � ����� To spend � spent � spent � ���������(����), �������(������) To teach � taught � taught � �����( ����-����) To tell � told � told - �������� To think � thought � thought ������ To understand � understood � understood � �������� To win � won � won � ��������� 4. ��������� ������������ �������, � ������� ��� ��� ����� �� �������� To be � was/were � been ����, ���������, ������ To begin � began � begun �������� To bite � bit � bitten ������ To blow � blew � blown ���� To break � broke � broken ������, ������� To choose � chose � chosen �������� To do � did � done ������ To drink � drank � drunk ���� To eat � ate � eaten ���� To fall � fell � fallen ������ To forget � forgot � forgotten �������� To give � gave- given ������ To go � went � gone ���� To grow � grew � grown ����� To know � knew � known ����� To lie � lay � lain ������ To ring � rang � rung ������� To rise � rose � risen ���������� To see- saw- seen ������ To sing � sang � sung ���� To speak � spoke � spoken �������� To swim � swam � swum ������� To take � took � taken ����� To throw � threw � thrown ������� To wake � woke � woken ���������� To wear � wore � worn ������ To write � wrote � written ������ 5 ��������� ������� ������ indefinite ( simple ) Active Present Past Future 1. You work He works 2. You don't work He doesn't work 3.Do you work? Does he work ? 1. You worked They wrote 2. You didn't work They didn't write 3 Did you work? Did they write ?	1 I shall work He will work 2 I shall not work (shan't work) He will not work (won't work) 3 Shall I work? Will he work? Usually- ������ often- ����� seldom- ����� rarely � ����� always � ������ as a rule � ��� ������� every day � ������ ���� sometimes - ������	Ago � ���� ����� last week � �� ������� ������ last year(month, century)- � ������� ���� ( �����, ����) yesterday - �����	Tomorrow- ������ in a week- ����� ����� next week � �� �������� ������ 

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