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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Статьи / Методическая статья "Пишем по-английски"
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Методическая статья "Пишем по-английски"

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LETTERS OF APOLOGY


Read John’s letter and answer the following questions.


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  1. What kind of letter is it?

  2. Is it formal or informal?

  3. What is the reason for writing the letter?

  4. How does it begin and end?

  5. How does the writer offer to make up for the mistake?


Dear Irina,

I am writing in response to your letter of 15 September regarding your copy of conference materials. Sorry for any inconvenience caused but we did send you a first copy by recorded delivery, in May.

I received your earlier letter saying the CD had still not arrived and passed it on to our secretary. She confirms that we sent a second copy, again recorded delivery, a week ago.

I am afraid there really isn't much more we can do, unless you have a friend visiting Budapest who could collect it here in the office.

Sorry not to be more help.

Best,

John



Compare the letter above with the one below and fill in the table.



15, Silverwater Rd

Silverwater NSW 1234

Australia

29th February, 2001

Dear Albert,

I'm writing to apologise for the quarrel we had last week. I've been thinking about it and I was to blame — I think we did agree to meet at the cinema, not the cafe.

Anyway, I would like to see you again next week. Why don't we meet on Friday at 6.00 p. m. in the King's Head and then perhaps go somewhere? If this is no good for you, could you ring me and we'll arrange something else? My new phone number is 52002.

I do hope you'll forgive me. As I said, I admit it was my fault. I didn't feel well, had had a really crazy day at work and when we met I was in a bad mood. That's why I said all those horrible things to you.

I'm very much looking forward to seeing you next week.

Love,

Alice


Rewrite the words in the bold from the letter into your notebook, then close the text and try to reproduce the letter. You could provide your own reasons, details of arrangement, etc. but the purpose of writing should be the same.


Read the letters below and decide which is formal and which is informal, ignore the gaps for a while. Prove your hello_html_m6a4e5776.gifhello_html_21907e28.gifhello_html_6a7807b.gifopinion by the examples from the table concerning salutations and closing remarks, structure of the body of the letter, the style of language (vocabulary, grammar).

A.

Dear Mr. Taylor,

I would like to 1)….. for not having answered your letter

sooner.

2)……… my tight schedule, it was impossible for me to

3)……... the conference and arrange the meeting with Mrs. Parker

for you. 4)…… to apologize since then, but my workload at the

university has recently been very heavy and I did not have the

opportunity to 5)….. you. It was not my intention to be absent from

the conference but I have been under great pressure at the university

lately.

6)……… we can reschedule the meeting with Mrs. Parker

7)……… and you will have a 8)…... with her about your

partnership. 9)…… to seeing you.

Yours sincerely,

Alfred Smith


B.

Dear George,

I'm writing because I want to 1) ___that I couldn't meet you at

the airport last Monday.

2)…….. an accident I had that day, I couldn't 3)……... to the

airport. 4)…… to tell you about it before Monday morning, but

I didn't get a chance to 5)…….. you. Of course, I didn't mean to let

you down.

6)…….. we can get together 7)….. and have a 8)……. . .

9)…….. to it. And sorry again.

Regards,

Mark

(Key: A formal; B informal)


In each pair of phrases below one is formal and one is informal. Study them and place in the correct column in the following table.

Formal

Informal




be in attendance/make it

because of/due to

discussion/chat

get in touch with/contact

hope/I hope

I have been intending/I've been meaning

I look forward/I am looking forward

real soon/in the near future

say how sorry I am/ apologise

(Key: Formal – apologize; due to; be in attendance; I have been intending; contact ; I hope; in the near future; discussion; I am looking forward. Informal – say how sorry I am; because of; make it; I’ve been meaning; get in touch with; hope; real soon; chat; I look forward.)


Use the phrases above to fill in the gaps in the letters of apology (Letters A and B ).


Make a plan for each letter. Underline the key words that can be used for writing any letter of apology.


Rewrite both letters. Give your own reasons for not meeting your friend at the airport and not arranging the meeting. Use all the key words you underlined before; follow the style of the letter.


Write a letter of apology which would contain the following phrases:

I'm sorry about missing Monday's meeting.

How about rescheduling the meeting for Friday at 11.00?

Let me say again how sorry I am.


Write a letter of apology to a friend who lent you some money. Apologise for not returning it on time.


















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LETTERS OF CONGRATULATIONS


Outcomes:

  1. The students will know what a letter of congratulations is.

  2. The students will understand the specific features of letter of congratulations style.

  3. The students will be able to write a letter of congratula­tions when necessary.

Essential Vocabulary:

achievement congratulate marriage

anniversary election occasion

appointment enthusiastic promotion

award goodwill retirement

birth honour



Warm-up

1. Elicit the meaning of the word "congratulations". Focus on the three types of business correspondence. The students identify what type of business correspondence letters of con­gratulations refer to.

c) Social correspondence (that is used for interpersonal matters)

Write a diagram on the board:

CONGRATULATIONS: BIRTHDAY, ...

2. Ask the students to think of as many possible reasons for writing a letter of congratulations as possible. Give them a minute to complete the diagramme individually or in pairs.
Then write their ideas on the board.

birthday, marriage, appointment, promotion, holidays, etc

Reading

What's a Letter of Congratulations?

Before reading, ask the students to give two adjectives which characterize the style of a letter of congratulations. Write their ideas on the board.

The students read the text quickly and find out these two adjectives, which are: "sincere" and "enthusiastic".

Then the students read the text with the glossary and add to the diagram the other reasons for writing letters of congratula­tions. Focus on the 5 statements below the text. The students mark them as true or false and correct the false ones. Check an­swers.

A. False (occasions for sending congratulatory letters: pro­motions, appointments, elections, achievements, awards, hon­ours, marriages, births, holidays, anniversaries, retirements).

B. False (both formal and informal congratulatory messages should be sincere and enthusiastic).

С True.

D. False (three parts).

E. True.




Books closed. Ask the students to remember the three es­sential ingredients of a letter of congratulations. Write the an­swers on the board.

Test Your Vocabulary

Here the students remember the reasons for writing letters of congratulations. They label pictures 1-6.

  1. marriage

  2. birthday

  3. election

  4. retirement

  5. award

  6. anniversary

Letters of Congratulations Practice

1. In pairs the students study the phrases which are com­monly used in letters of congratulations and identify the rea­sons for writing them.

A. appointment

B. all the occasions

C. award, honour

D.marriage

E. birth

F. retirement

G.promotion
H.appointment

1. holiday
J.birthday

K.promotion, appointment, election, achievement, award, honour


2. Now, the students study 6 paragraphs, used in 2 different letters of congratulations. By their meaning they should identi­fy what the functions of using these phrases are (remind them of expressing congratulations, personal reasoning and express­ing goodwill).


A. expressing goodwill

B. expressing congratulations

C. expressing goodwill

D. expressing congratulations

E. personal reasoning

F. personal reasoning


3. Then the students put the parts together to make 2 sam­ple letters of congratulations.

Sample


Please accept my congratulations on your promotion to the position of Sales Manager.

I am sure your firm has made a very wise choice and that you will succeed in your new role.

Best wishes for your continuing success and personal happi­ness.

Sample


Congratulations on the birth of your son, David Gary. You and Jim must be thrilled by the experience of becoming parents.

Please extend my warmest wishes to your husband.

May this new addition to your family bring you all joy.


4. This task is productive and the students perform it indi­vidually. Ask them to choose a situation they are more likely to write on. They write a letter of congratulations for this situa­tion. Monitor and help if necessary. Check letters.

Sample

(A)

Dear Ms (Mr)...:

Please accept my warmest congratulations on your retire­ment.

You are going to be missed by your students a lot and we hope you will keep on visiting our school.

With sincere gratitude for many years of devoted work, I wish you many years of happy and healthy retirement.

Sincerely yours,



Sample

(В)

Dear cousin,

Congratulations on your marriage!

I would like to say that I am so happy to learn the news about this wonderful event.

Best wishes to you and your husband.

Yours,

Sample

(C)

Dear... ,

Accept my congratulations on your birthday!

Best wishes to you on this great day.

With birthday greetings

Yours,




TEST ON LETTER OF CONGRATULATIONS WRITING

C-Level on Letter of Congratulations Writing


Outcome: You already know what a letter of congratulations is.


Instructions: To get C-Level on Letter of Congratulations Writing you should successfully perform the C-Level Assess­ment Task based on the information about WHAT'S A LET­TER OF CONGRATULATIONS?


Do the task, following the instructions. Check your answers with the KEY. Each correct answer is worth 1 point. Add up your points. Evaluate your progress using the Evaluation Scheme. Follow the recommendations for your further work.


Evaluation Scheme:

Score Comments

4 SUCCESS! Move to the B-Level Assessment Task.


3 WARNING! Analyze and correct your mistake; then move to the B- Level Assessment Task.

2-0 TRY AGAIN! Study the corresponding information care­fully; then do the C-Level Assessment Task again.

B-Level on Letter of Congratulations Writing


Outcome: You already understand the specific features of letter of congratulations style.


Instructions: To get B-Level on Letter of Congratulations Writing you should successfully perform the B-Level Assess­ment Task based on the information about WHAT'S A LET­TER OF CONGRATULATIONS?


Do the task, following the instructions. Check your answers with the KEY. Each correct answer is worth 1 point. Add up your points. Evaluate your progress using the Evaluation Scheme. Follow the recommendations for further work.


Evaluation Scheme:

Score Comments

2 SUCCESS! Move to the A-Level Assessment Task.


1 WARNING! Analyze and correct your mistake; then move to the A-Level Assessment Task.


0 TRY AGAIN! Study the corresponding information care­fully; then do the B-Level Assessment Task again.

A-Level on Letter of Congratulations Writing


Outcome: You are already able to write a letter of congratu­lations when necessary.


Instructions: To get A-Level on Letter of Congratulations Writing you should successfully perform the A-Level Assessment Task based on LETTER OF CONGRATULATIONS PRACTICE.


Do the task, following the instructions. Check it by com­paring with the sample in the KEY. Identify your mistakes, if any, based on the criteria of message relevance, following the style, grammar, vocabulary and spelling. Evaluate your result using the Evaluation Scheme.


Evaluation Scheme:

Criteria Comments

Message is wholly relevant. Style is fol- SUCCESS! You've achi-

lowed completely. No grammatical er- eved the goal of this part of

rors. Correct vocabulary choice. Cor- Unit 2.
rect spelling.

Message is mostly relevant. Style is fol- WARNING! Analyze and

lowed almost completely. Some gram- correct your mistakes.

matical mistakes which do not affect

understanding. Some inappropriate

vocabulary choice. Some errors in

spelling.


Message is not always relevant or lacks TRY AGAIN! Study the

relevancy. Style is followed poorly, or corresponding informa-

not followed. Grammatical and vocab- tion carefully; then do the

ulary mistakes affect understanding. A-Level Assessment Task

Many errors in spelling. again.


C-Level Assessment Task:

What are the occasions for congratulatory messages? Add to the list:

A appointments and elections

B. achievements, awards and

C. marriages and

D.holidays, anniversaries and


B-Level Assessment Task:

Write in the first and the last of the congratulatory mess ages parts:

1………………………………………

2. mentioning the reason for the congratulations with a personal twist

3………………………………………

A-Level Assessment Task:

Write a congratulatory message on the situation :

You've heard that your teacher Mr Reginald is appointed as Dean of the University. You believe that congratulating him with a let­ter would be a good way to show him your respect and maintain your further contacts



Keys:

Test on letter of congratulations writing

C – Level Assessment Task:

A. promotions

B. honours

C. births

D. retirements

B – Level Assessment Task:

1. expression of congratulations

3. expression of goodwill

A – Level Assessment Task:

(Sample Letter of Congratulations)

Dear Mr Reginald:

Please accept my warmest congratulations on your appointment as Dean. I am assured the University has made a wise choice and you will succeed in this new position.

Best wishes on your new appointment.

Sincerely yours,






































CARDS. GREETINGS.


Look at the cards and design your own (one, two or more) ones. Choose the greetings you like most, write them in your cards and then send the cards to your relatives, friends, classmates.


ST. VALENTINE’S DAY

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Sure as grape grows on the vine, The sky is high, the sea is deep.

So sure you are my Valentine – Thinking of you I cannot sleep.

The rose is red, the violet is blue, If you love me like I love you

Lilies are fair and so are you! Nothing but death will part us too.



You brightened my life February the 14th day

Turning heart from stone It’s Valentine, they say,

And I will always love you I chose you from among the rest,

For now I’ll never be alone! The reason is I love you best!


Time of remembrance, Filled this card with friendly thoughts

of lace and bright flowers… And mailed it out your way

How dear to the heart Along with special wishes for an extra happy day!

are those Valentine hours! Best wishes today, on St. Valentine’s Day -

happiness always!





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CHRISTMAS AND NEW YEAR


Hoping Christmas brings

all your favourite things!

Happy Holidays


HHdfsh




Season’s greetings and best wishes

for the New Year




When you wake up Christmas morning

Hope you find beneath the tree

So many lovely presents

You’ll be happy as can be!






With Best Wishes

for Christmas and the New Year

















































































Remembering you at Christmas

With a cheery note to say –

May you spend the festive season

In a most delightful way!







Merry Christmas

and a Happy New Year





With Christmas Greetings

and all Good wishes for the New Year





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May the warmth and goodwill of

this wonderful season remain with

you through the coming year!





To let you know you are though about

So often through the year and to

wish you worlds of happiness

Now Christmas time is here!








At this very special time of the year

we’ve joined our hands to say,

«We wish you all the magic of a

Small World Holiday





May your home be filled with

happiness and laughter this

Christmas season!






It’s time to trim Christmas Tree

And hang the mistletoe,

It’s time to wish much happiness

To people nice to know!







Friends are close to our hearts,

Memories are more dear,

And wishes mean so very much

When Christmas is here!







Wishing you a Christmas that is

bright with promise,

glad with hope and blessed with

peace and joy!




This wish for you at Christmas time

Comes just to keep in touch

And to let you know though we’re apart

You’re thought of very much!









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Happy New Year!



BIRTHDAY WISHES!


Hope it adds some special pleasure

To the hours of your day

To know you’re being thought of

In the very warmest way –

And when your birthday’s over,

Hope that you’ll remember, too,

The same warm thoughts as always

Will keep going out to you!










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Friendly thoughts and flowers

Are much the same you know, Because

they both bring happiness

No matter where they go!





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INVITATION LETTERS


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Read the following letter and answer the questions:


  1. What kind of letter is it?

  2. Is it formal or informal? Underline words and expressions to prove your opinion.



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Dear Mrs. Klapp,

I would like to invite you to our annual stuff meeting which will take place this year on 5th May. The meeting will be held in the Green Hall, in the left wing of the university building, at 10.00 a. m.

This will be an occasion to express any new ideas about the university. It is a time to consider where changes can be made in order to improve the quality of education and research. We will also discuss the details of next year's elections of the governing body. Your

attendance would be highly appreciated.

Please inform us whether you will be able to attend.

Yours sincerely,

Lara Colley

Look at the invitation below and answer the questions.

To Erica

Barbara invites you to her birthday party

at 77. Bridge Road. London

on Saturday. 19 April at 4 pm

  1. Who is the invitation from?

  2. Who is the invitation to?

  3. What kind of party is it?

  4. When is the party?

  5. Where is the party?

Read the letter and say if the sentences below are true (T) or false (F). Then work with your partner and make a paragraph plan for the letter. Compare your plan with your class­mates.

11, Bridge Road

London

W9 2PT

12th April, 1999

Dear Erica,

I'm writing to invite you to my birthday party on Saturday, 19th April. I hope you will be able to come; it will be really good to see you again.

Our new house has got a fantastic garden so this year I'm going to have a barbecue. I'm sure it will be lots of fun. Just hope the weather is fine. We're going to cook burgers and sausages with tomatoes and mushrooms. After the barbecue we're going to play games. There will be lots of music and dancing and fireworks in the evening. I'm sure everyone will have a good time and I hope you will be able to join us.

I suppose you will come by train, so here are the directions from the station. When you come out of the station, turn right into Devon Street, walk to the end of the road and turn right into Western Road, walk past the Chemist's and turn left. Go straight on until you see a stadium. Our house is just after the stadium.

The party is going to start at four o'clock. Moira and Sarah are going to stay the night but there is one more guest room if you want to stay. Please come —we'll all have a great time. I'll see you on Saturday!

Lots of love,

Barbara

l.The letter is informal.

  1. Erica's address is 11 Bridge Road.

  2. Barbara writes the letter to tell her friend about her new
    house.

  3. Erica has never been to Barbara's house before.

  4. Barbara writes her letter a week before the event.

  5. Barbara explains the reason for writing at the end of her
    letter.

Read the letter and answer the following questions. Then write out the key words from the invitation letter into your notebook. Using the key words invite your partner to your own birthday party (orally).

  1. Who is the letter to? Who is it from?

  2. Which paragraph mentions the reason for writing?

  3. Which paragraph gives details about the party?

  4. Which paragraph includes directions?

  5. How does the writer close the letter?


Dear Bill,

I hope you are well. I'm writing to invite you to a fancy dress party at my house. It's on Sunday, 1st June at five o'clock.

I'm going to dress up as an alien and Alan is going to come as a vampire. I think it will be really good fun! I hope you will be able to come. My parents are going to order some takeaway pizza from the local Italian restaurant. They are also going to give prizes for the best costumes, so I'm sure everyone will have a great time.

You will probably come by bus, so here are the directions from the central square where the bus stop is. Take the street opposite the church and go straight ahead. Turn left at the end of the road. Walk along Page Street until you see a post office. My house is the one right next to the post office.

I suppose the party will finish quite late, but my father will take you home or we can order you a taxi. It will be great to see you.

Best wishes,

Andy

Read Marilyn's letter and answer the following questions.

  1. What kind of letter is it?

  2. How does it begin and end?

  3. Where and when will the event take place?

Dear Ellie,

I'm writing……. you to my birthday celebration on Monday,

16 August. It's going to be an all-day affair, so… here by ten

o'clock in the morning.

Since it's my eighteenth birthday, my parents want it to be a very

…….. , so this is what we're going to do. First,………. to take

everyone to the stables and hire horses. Then we're going to ride to the

Colton Park and…… there. When we get back, there will be…

…….. on the patio, and in the evening there'll be… ___. I just

hope the weather is fine!

Let me know…… , and tell me your news as well. I'm looking

forward to hearing from you.

Lots of love,

Marilyn

Complete the letter with the words from the box.

special day, if you can come, we're going, have a picnic, to invite, supper and dancing, you should be, games and refreshments

You are going to have a party. First decide on the type of the party, and then fill in the invitation card to your friend.

To………………..

…………………. invites you to a……………………………………………..

party at…………………... on…………………………………………………..

…………………. at………………… pm.



Use the plan below to write a letter of invitation to your friend for your party.

Plan

Dear ,

(your friend's first name)

Paragraph 1 ■ reason for writing

when/where the party is

Paragraph 2 details about the party (type, people coming,

food, clothes, etc.)

Paragraph 3 directions to your house

Paragraph 4 closing remarks (I hope you will be

able to come, etc.)

Yours,

hello_html_m6e09c16b.gif(your first name)



Keys:

Task 3: 1 True; 2 False; 3 False; 4 True; 5 True; 6 False.

Task 5(2): to invite; you should be; special day; we’re going; have a picnic; games and refreshments; supper and dancing; if you can come.














THANK-YOU LETTERS



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Read the letter below and answer the following questions.

  1. Who is the writer thanking? What is the writer thanking
    them for?

  2. Who writes the letter?

  3. Why doesn't Mr. Thatcher write the letter himself?

  4. Try to imagine the three people. Do they know each other?
    Are they friends? How do you know?

Schweppes Pic

Vienna

Austria

January 4th 2002

Mr. A. Grant

The Manager

Plaza Hotel

Vienna

Austria

Dear Mr. Grant,

I am writing on behave of Mr. Thatcher, the president of the company, to thank you for your assistance in providing accommodation for his business partners during Christmas holidays.

He is particularly grateful because there was no prior booking due to the unexpectedness of the visit and there were no rooms immediately available for his guests.

Once again, thank you for your help and efficiency.

Yours sincerely,

P. Hodges

Put these steps in the same order as in the letter above. The writer:

  • explains why Mr. Thatcher is grateful;

  • says thank you again;

  • gives his name;

  • explains the reason for writing.



Find the exact phrases from the letter (letter 1) to answer these questions.

  1. Why is Ms. Hodges writing this letter?

  2. What does Mr. Thatcher thank Mr. Grant for?

  3. Why is Mr. Thatcher particularly grateful?

Compare Mr. Hodges' letter with the following one. What do they have in common? What is different?

6 August 2000

Dear Debbie,

Just a note to say thank you for a lovely day yesterday. It was really hard to get back to work after such a relaxing time. Delicious food, good company, a beautiful summer house on the beach — it really felt like a holiday. The kids had a great time too, and are still talking about the horses and the pool. It was especially nice to meet James after hearing about him for so long; he really is just as I imagined him and so friendly!

Would you like to come over to us next weekend? You could come for lunch on Saturday or Sunday, and we could go for a walk in the hills afterwards if the weather is good. Please bring your Aunt Sarah and Uncle Tom if they are still staying with you. It would be lovely to see them.

Hoping to see you next weekend, and with thanks again for yesterday,

Love,

Susan


Compare the letters and fill in the table.

Letter 1

Letter 2

Purpose of writing



Salutation



Closing remarks



Structure of the body of the letter



The style of language (examples)



People’s relations



Using the items from the table say as much as you can about formal and informal letters.



Look through the letters below, find out which of them are formal/informal. Explain your reasons.

Toledo Park Hotel Cincinnati, OH 22222 September 15, 1998

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Williams,

Thank you again for the wonderful weekend! I had such a good time visiting you and your family, and I enjoyed meeting all your relatives. I shall never forget the warm hospitality.

……. some day you are able to visit me and my family. ……….

your kindness and hospitality, and to show you around my hometown.

Shello_html_m6ff0fcf3.gifincerely, Douglas M. White

5/15/98

Dear Ruth,

the birthday book. It's just what I need!

_______

Agnes

Broad Branch Road 12A Littleton, NJ 33333 September 15, 1998

Dear Dr. Malone,

…….. the wonderful books which just arrived. They will be

extremely useful in our courses next semester.

With very best regards,

Ahello_html_m6ff0fcf3.gifgnes and Irene Howe

Now complete the letters with the following phrases and sentences. Explain your reasons.



  1. Thanks so much for...

  2. We deeply appreciate your thoughtfulness.

  3. Love,

  4. Please give my respects to all your family.
    5.1 would like to return...

6. My sister and I want to thank you for...

7.I hope that...

8. Sincerely,

In all the letters above collect words and expressions used to thank for something. Try to make your list the longest in the class.

Thello_html_4f3dc829.gifhello_html_4f3dc829.gifhello_html_6958306b.gifo, because and for are used to give reasons. Think about what structure follows each of them (study the list from the task above). Now complete the sentences below with to, because and for.

  1. Thank you very much….. your help.

  2. I am writing……. the kettle we bought from your

company is not working.

  1. We are writing…… express our gratitude to you all.

  2. Thank you…… babysitting for me.

  3. We would like to thank you….. taking care of our

mother.

  1. Please thank your friends…. all they've done for me.

  2. He couldn't come….. he is away.

In all the letters from this section find the examples of sentence connection:

  1. use of pronouns instead of nouns;

  2. use of the definite article;

  3. repetition of a verb.

Select the statements that you could use in a thank-you letter to your relatives.

1.I would really like to go to Disneyland on holiday. 2. Thanks again. You've both played an important part in my career!

  1. Thank you both so much for the new computer.

  2. My friend Jamie also has a new mobile phone.

  3. More importantly, I'll be able to use it for sending email
    letters to you!

  4. Now I can work with all the computer programmes I need
    for my studies.

  5. My sister went to a piano concert last week.

  6. It's very efficient and saves a lot of time.

Now write a thank-you letter, using the statements that you selected from the previous exercise. Use your own address for the heading. Add any information that you feel is needed to complete the letter.

Fill in the blanks in a thank-you letter. Then rewrite it as if it were your own letter. Make all the necessary changes.

September 24, 2002

…….. Edith,

……. again for a weekend! The children and I really

. our visit. We think you are the …. hostess!

……… visit us in Chicago. to have you stay for

Thanksgiving.

___________,

Laura, Meg and Scott


Put the parts of the text in the correct order, then rewrite it as a letter.

  1. Love,

  2. The food was delicious! Is it possible to send me the recipe
    for the Salmon Pate? We really enjoyed it, especially with the
    white fizzy wine. Is it difficult to make? I decided to cook it
    for our next picnic to the seaside.

  3. Dear Gillian and Dave,

  4. Thank you again. See you soon.

  5. Linda and Paul

  6. We also enjoyed meeting your parents. We enjoyed hearing
    about their new house and their holiday in Barbados. It was
    very interesting. We hope to meet them again one day.

  7. Monday, in June 12th.



Choose any letter you like in this section and reorganize it from informal to formal or vice versa. Consult the table at the beginning of this section if necessary.


Choose one of the following situations from A and В and write two letters of thanks.



  1. You work for a charity. It pays for the education of children
    from poor countries. A woman has just sent a large cheque
    to the charity. Write back on behalf of your boss.

  2. A man has written to your company to say that he thinks
    one of your products is wonderful. Your boss asks you to
    reply for her.


  1. A friend from out of town has sent you a photograph album
    for your birthday. Write a brief thank-you letter.

  2. You stayed with an English family in London for a week.Now you are back home. Write a thank-you letter to the family.




Keys:


Task 7: A (semi)formal; B informal; C formal.


Task 8: A 7, 5, 4;

B 1, 3;

C 6, 2, 8.


Task 12: 2, 3, 5, 6, 8.


Task 15: 7, 3, 2, 6, 4, 1, 5.















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Муниципальное общеобразовательное учреждение

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Пишем по-английски


Из опыта работы учителя английского языка

Шадриной Натальи Викторовны






















г. Касли


Трудно переоценить социальную востребованность умений писать тексты на английском языке в период возросшей роли письменной коммуникации при общении в Интернете, выполнении различных учебных проектов, участии в конкурсах, конференциях.

Достаточно высокий уровень развития письменной речи требуется как для академических целей, так и для продолжения образования.

В образовательных стандартах и современных программах РФ, в документах Европейского Совета письменная речь определена не только как средство, но и как цель обучения.

Стандарт основного общего и среднего (полного) образования по иностранному языку содержит следующие требования к этому виду деятельности: учащиеся должны уметь писать личное письмо по образцу и без опоры на образец, используя материал учебных тем, усвоенных в устной речи, употребляя формулы речевого этикета, принятые в стране изучаемого языка; расспрашивать в личном письме о новостях и сообщать их; рассказывать об отдельных фактах, событиях своей жизни, выражая свои суждения и чувства; описывать свои планы на будущее; писать короткие поздравления; заполнять анкету.

Владение письменной речью позволяет реально использовать знание иностранного языка, находясь вне языковой среды, общаясь с носителями языка с помощью современных средств коммуникации. Возможность писать личные и официальные письма, необходимость заполнять анкеты, бланки документов и т.п. мотивируют учащихся к активному овладению письменной коммуникацией на изучаемом языке.

Целью обучения является написание текстов на основе использования различных стилей и типов речи. Анализируя тексты-образцы учащиеся видят и изучают признаки хорошего текста, затем пишут собственные тексты.

Умение создавать собственное письменное высказывание включает умения:

- планировать последовательность изложения материала;

- формулировать идею и развитие темы;

- учитывать ситуацию общения: куда, кому и с какой целью пишется текст;

- использовать соответствующий стиль речи.

Обучение письму, написанию писем на иностранном языке, происходит с опорой на современные учебные пособия, где содержится необходимый обучающий материал, предлагаются письма носителей иностранного языка в качестве образца. Так уже в 3 классе дети могут, опираясь на образец, написать короткое личное письмо, поздравление. В учебниках 4-7 классов предлагается значительный набор писем-образцов, которые помогают учащимся освоить навыки написания письма-сообщения о себе, своей семье, своих увлечениях, планах на будущее и т.д.

На старшем этапе обучения учащимся на элективном курсе предлагаю научиться писать письма-извинения, письма-приглашения, письма-поздравления, благодарственные письма. Большое внимание уделяю структурным особенностям и специфике этих писем, что очень важно и необходимо для сдачи Единого государственного экзамена.

Процесс обучения построен по схеме, которая включает следующие этапы:

- изучение писем-образцов (ознакомление с речевыми клише, размещение текста);

- обучение написанию личного письма, знакомясь с его структурой (адрес отправителя, дата написания, приветствие или обращение, текст письма, разделенный на обзацы, заключительная фраза вежливости, подпись, адрес на конверте);

- получение учащимися рекомендаций, которых следует придерживаться при написании личного письма (пишется от руки, проявляется уважение к тому, кому пишите; такие письма пишутся тепло и искренне, где проявляется ваш вкус, интеллект, характер, письмо должно быть содержательным, интересным);

- работа с текстом письма;

- выполнение творческой работы: написание личного письма по образцу с соблюдением всех требований.

Такие творческие задания мобилизуют речемыслительную активность учащихся, а также это способствует развитию творческих способностей у детей любого возраста.

Работая над развитием письменной речи, необходимо твердо помнить, что такая работа может проводиться только на том материале, который хорошо усвоен устно и который без труда используется учащимися в их устной речи.

Прежде чем о чем-либо писать, ребенок должен быть в состоянии изложить свою мысль устно.



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Дата добавления 09.11.2016
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