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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ по выполнению практических работ по дисциплине «Иностранный язык» (английский) для студентов 2 курса специальности 35.02.01 «Лесное и лесопарковое хозяйство»

МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ по выполнению практических работ по дисциплине «Иностранный язык» (английский) для студентов 2 курса специальности 35.02.01 «Лесное и лесопарковое хозяйство»


До 7 декабря продлён приём заявок на
Международный конкурс "Мириады открытий"
(конкурс сразу по 24 предметам за один оргвзнос)

  • Иностранные языки

Поделитесь материалом с коллегами:

Практическое занятие №1

Тема: Мой рабочий день

Цель: Введение и активизация ЛЕ.

My Working Day

I get up at 7 o’clock. I should admit that I don’t quickly jump out of bed. I am definitely not an early riser. Then I take a shower, clean my teeth.  It takes 15 minutes to brush and order my hair and put on make up. After then I am ready for breakfast. I usually have a cup of strong coffee and a sandwich for breakfast. When I am full up I get dressed. I don’t do morning exercises. Perhaps I am lazy, perhaps I don’t have much time.

I don’t like to be late. So I leave home at 8. My working day starts at 9. My house is far from the office and I usually go by car. Sometimes when it is broken I use a taxi because It takes 40 minutes to get there. I work 5 days a week from 9 till 16.

After my working day I prefer to have a rest. But rest for me is not just sitting in front of TV and doing nothing. So straight from the office I go to the supermarket, buy some food and go home. There at first I prepare supper. I have a lot of thing to do about the house: water the flowers, tidy up the house, wash up and iron clothes. I don’t like to go out at week-days. But sometimes my friends or parents come to visit me. I am happy, of course. Twice a week I go to fitness.

As usual after supper I watch TV. I try to go to bed at 11 o’clock. Before falling asleep I usually read a book or a magazine.

So, that’s all I can say about my daily activities. Of course I look forward to weekends coming and make plans.

Vocabulary:

daily routine -ежедневный распорядок

follow more or less более или менее соблюдаю

to get up  - вставать, просываться

to jump out of bed — быстро вставать с кровати (выпрыгивать)

definitely определенно

an early riser - ранняя пташка

to  take a shower принимать душ

to clean my teeth чистить зубы

to order one’s hair — приводить волосы в порядок

to put on make up наносить макияж

to be ready for  — быть готовым для

to be full up быть сытым

to be late for опаздывать на

to be far from  — находиться далеко от

to go to work by car ездить на работу на машине

to have a rest - отдыхать

to be broken  - быть сломанным

It takes … to get …. — занимает (по времени), чтобы добраться…

to do nothing ничего не делать

to wash up and iron clothes стирать и утюжить одежду

before falling asleep перед тем, как заснуть

to look forward to  — ждать с нетерпением

Упражнение 1.1. Найдите следующие словосочетания в тексте:

Просыпаться; ранняя пташка; принимать душ; чистить зубы; завтракать; делать зарядку; я не люблю опаздывать; я ленивый; пользоваться такси; работать с 9 до 6; друзья приходят навестить меня; покупать еду; смотреть телевизор; дважды в неделю; читать книги или журналы.


Упражнение 1.2. Соедините начало и конец предложений:


1. I don’t like ……..

2. My house …………

3. After then I am ready for ………

4. It takes 40 minutes ……….

5. I try to go to ……….

6. I usually have a cup ………

A bed at 11 o’clock.

b. to get there.

c. of strong coffee

d. breakfast

e. is far from the office

f. to be late.


Упражнение 1.3. Заполните таблицу следующими словосочетаниями:


To get up; to have supper; to help about the house; to watch TV; to have breakfast; to go to school; to go to bed; to have dinner; to play games; to do morning exercises; to go for a walk; to wash; to make bed; to do lessons; to go shopping.


1.To get up

2.

3.

4.




Домашнее задание: 1.Напишите рассказ о своем рабочем дне. 2. с. 34 зад. 2.2


Практическое занятие №2


Тема: Множественное число имен существительных.

Цель: Развитие лексико-грамматических навыков говорения.

Основные теоретические положения:

Множественное число имен существительных.

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Упражнение 2.2. Поставьте предложенные существительные в форму множественного числа.


Computer (компьютер), lion (лев), glove (перчатка), lady (дама, леди), bus (автобус), knife (нож), potato (картошина), desk (парта), boat (лодка), child (ребенок), boy (мальчик), sheep (овца), leg (часть ноги от стопы до бедра), watch (часы), tooth (зуб), flower (цветок), play (игра), umbrella (зонт), foot (ступня), phone (телефон), person (человек), armchair (кресло), tomato (помидор), theatre (театр), wolf (волк), ox (бык), woman (женщина), subway (подземка, метро), deer (олень), elephant (слон), monkey (обезьяна), fox (лиса), family (семья), goose (гусь), butterfly (бабочка), tram (трамвай), daddy (дядя), man (мужчина).


Упражнение 2.3. Переделайте словосочетания, поставив существительные в форму множественного числа.

A fallen leave (опавший лист), the stupid student (глупый студент), the German guest (немецкий гость), a difficult subject (трудный предмет), the broken window (разбитое окно), the good marks (хорошие отметки), an interesting example (интересный пример), a modern plane (современный самолет), the old coin (старая монета), a beautiful glass (красивый стакан), the driving license (водительское удостоверение), a fresh tomato (свежий помидор), a white ceiling (белый потолок), the biggest river (самая большая река), an interesting proposal (интересное предложение), a standing person (стоящий человек), the important addition (важное дополнение), a tasty supper (вкусный ужин), the endless day (бесконечный день), the recorded talk (записанный разговор), an angry goose (злой гусь), a bitter drink (горький напиток), the new teapot (новый заварочный чайник).


Упражнение 2.4. Найдите 6 ошибок в образовании множественного числа существительных.


Photoes, dodoes, zeroes, tomatoes, Negroes, potatos, kiloes, buffaloes, videos, pianoes, mosquitoes, stereoes, radios, studios, echos, heroes.

Упражнение 2.5. Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число. 


1. This is a star. 2. This is a boy. 3. This is a baby. 4. That is a plate. 5. That is a flower. 6. That is a bookshelf. 7. Is this a sofa? 8. Is this a bookcase? 9. Is this a man? 10. Is that a ball? 11. Is that a train? 12. Is that a plane? 13. Is the window open? 14. Is the door closed? 15. Is the boy near the window? 16. That is not a king, 17. That is not a queen. 18. That is not a bus.   19. This isn't a mountain. 20. That isn't a goose. 21. This isn't a mouse. 22. It is a sheep. 23. It is a cigarette. 24. It is a cat. 25. It is not a girl. 26. It isn't a bag. 27. It isn't a tree. 28. It is not a bad egg. 29. It is a good egg. 30. Is that a flower? 


Домашнее задание: с. 40 зад. 2.9


Практическое занятие №3

Тема: Артикль.

Цель: Тренировка лексико-грамматических навыков говорения.


Основные теоретические положения:


Артикли являются основными определителями имен существительных. Прежде чем употреблять какое-нибудь существительное, необходимо решить, определенное оно или неопределенное, т.е. надо представить, о каком предмете идет речь: о конкретном или любом.

В английском языке перед существительными почти всегда употребляется артикль:

Артикли a и an носят название неопределенного артикля (the Indefinite Article)

The носит название определенного артикля (the Definite Article)

Неопределенный артикль


a — употребляется перед словами, начинающимися с согласной.
an — употребляется перед словами, начинающимися с гласной.

Существительное с неопределенным артиклем представляет собой название предмета вообще, а не название конкретного предмета. Например a student вызывает представление о студенте вообще, то есть об учащемся высшего учебного заведения, но не об определенном лице.

Значение неопределенного артикля можно выразить в русском языке такими словами как один, один из, какой-то, какой-нибудь, некий, всякий, любой, каждый.

Употребление неопределенного артикля

Неопределенный артикль употребляется с исчисляемыми существительными в единственном числе.

Определенный артикль

Определенный артикль имеет единственную форму: the. Индивидуализирующий артикль the произошел от указательного местоимения that — то

Определенный артикль the употребляется с названиями:

1) четырех сторон света: the North северthe South югthe East востокthe West запад; Но если существительное обозначает направление, то оно употребляется без артикля: We wish to head westМы хотим направиться на запад (в западном направлении).

2) полюсов: the North Pole Северный полюс, the South Pole Южный полюс, the Arctic Арктика;

3) регионовthe Far East Дальний Востокthe north of England Север Англииthe south of Spain Юг Испании;

4) океановthe Atlantic Ocean Атлантический океанthe Pacific Ocean Тихий океан;

5) морейthe North Sea Северное мореthe Baltic Sea Балтийское море;

6) проливовthe Strait of Magellan Магелланов проливthe Bosporus пролив Босфор;

7) каналовthe Panama Canal Панамский каналthe Suez Canal Суэцкий канал;

8) рекthe Mississippi Миссисипиthe Thames Темзаthe Neva Нева;

9) озерthe Baikal Байкалthe Ontario Онтарио;

10) групп острововthe British Isles Британские островаthe Azores Азорские острова;

11) горных цепей: Alps Альпыthe Rockies Скалистые горыthe Andes Анды;

12) пустыньthe Karakum Каракумыthe Sahara пустыня Сахара;

Следует обратить внимание на то, что на картах артикль the обычно не включается в географическое название.

 

Артикль не употребляется с названиями:

1) заливов: Hudson Bay Гудзонов залив; но в конструкциях с предлогом of употребляется the: the Gulf of Mexico Мексиканский залив;

2) полуостровов (если используется только имя собственное): Kamchatka п-ов Камчатка; но с артиклем the в конструкциях: the Kola Peninsula Кольский полуостров;

3) озер, если перед ними стоит слово lake – озеро: Lake Michigan озеро Мичиган, Lake Ontario озеро Онтарио, (но без слова lake - the Ontario);

4) водопадов: Niagara Falls Ниагарский водопад;

5) отдельных островов: Great Britain Великобритания, Cuba Куба, Sicily Сицилия;

6) отдельных гор и горных вершинElbrus Эльбрус, Kilimanjaro  Килиманджаро.

7) континентов: Europe Европа, Asia Азия, North/South America Северная/Южная Америка; также, если перед ними определения типа: South Africa Южная Африка, South-East Asia Юго-Восточная Азия;

8) стран (есть исключения): France Франция, China Китай, Russia Россия, England Англия, America Америка, Great Britain Великобритания;

9) провинций, штатов: Quebec Квебек; Texas Техас (штат), California Калифорния (штат);

10) городов и сел: Paris Париж; Washington Вашингтон; Moscow Москва; London Лондон; Oxford Оксфорд; Borodino Бородино.

Исключения:

1) названия некоторых стран и местностей: 

the Ukraine Украинаthe Argentine Аргентинаthe Congo Конгоthe Caucasus Кавказthe Crimea Крым

the Hague Гаага и др.;

2) Артикль the с официальными названиями стран, включающими такие слова, как republic, union, kingdom, states, emirates, а также с географическими названиями стран во множественном числе: the German Federal Republic Германская Федеративная Республикаthe Russian Federation Российская Федерацияthe United Kingdom = the UK Объединенное Королевствоthe United States of America = the USA Соединенные Штаты Америкиthe United States Соединенные Штатыthe United Arab Emirates Объединенные Арабские Эмиратыthe Netherlands Нидерландыthe Philippines Филиппины;

3) с названиями континентов, стран, городов, если они имеют индивидуализирующее определение: the Moscow of the 17th century Москва XVII векаtheEurope of the Middle Ages средневековая Европа.

 

Упражнение 3.2. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо:

1.This is … clock.
2. This is … Kiev. 3. … Kiev is … big city. 4. Mary is … girl. 5. She is … my sister. 6. This is … room. 7. Is … newspaper in … bag? 8. She is in … room. 9. Is … teacher in … classroom? 10. Is … your room large? 11. Is … pen in … bag? 12. Are you … students? 13. My friend has … children. 14. … sportsmen are always in good form. 15. … children we saw in … street are schoolboys. 16. She lives in … 1st street.


Упражнение 3.3. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо. 

1. This is ... tree. ... tree is green. 2. I can see three ... boys. ... boys are playing. 3. I have ... bicycle. ... bicycle is black. My ... friend has no ... bicycle. 4. Our ... room is large. 5. We wrote ... dictation yesterday. ... dictation was long. 6. She has two ... daughters and one ... son. Her ... son is ... pupil. 7. My ... brother's ... friend has no ... dog. 8. This ... pencil is broken. Give me that ... pencil, please. 9. She has ... ball. ... ball is ... big. 10. I got ... letter from my ... friend yesterday. ... letter was interesting. 


Упражнение 3.4. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо. 

At... beginning of ... 19th century ... little boy was born in ... family of John Dickens, ... clerk at ... office in ... Portsmouth, and was named Charles. He had ... sister who was older than himself, arid there were several other children in ... family. When Charles was seven, he was sent to ... school. He was not... strong child. He did not like to play ... cricket or .. football and spent all his free time reading. In 1821 ... family went to ... London and little Charles left behind him ... happiest years of his childhood. His father was in ... money difficulties, and ... family became poorer and poorer. ... boy had to give up his studios. Mr. Dickens was put into ... debtors' prison. Little Charles learned to know all ., horrors and cruelty of ... large capitalist city. He had to go to work at... blacking factory. He worked there from ... morning till ... night. When his father came out of prison, Charles was sent to ... school for some time. Soon he got work as ... clerk. Then he learned ... stenography and became ... reporter; in Parliament. In 1836 at... age of 24 Charles Dick-1 en? published his first book. It was ... collection of ... stories. ... title of ... book was "Sketches by Boz." There were followed by "Pickwick Papers" and "Oliver Twist" and many other famous novels. Charles Dickens is one of ... greatest writers of ... 19th. century. His novels are now translated into most languages of ... world.


Домашнее задание: с.47 зад. 2.16


Практическое занятие № 4

Тема: Мой выходной день.

Цель: Развитие навыков чтения с применением различных стратегий.


Упражнение 4.1. Прочтите и переведите текст.

Every person whether an adult or a teenager cannot work all the time and needs to have a rest. Usually all the people have a little rest during their weekends. I am not an exception. I really enjoy relaxing and having fun with my friends. Starting from Wednesday I begin to look forward to the weekends. 

My weekends usually start on Friday afternoon. I come back from school, throw my bag into the corner and go to meet my friends. I haven’t seen them for five days, so I missed them very much.

On Friday we usually go to the city centre. We go to a pizzeria or a café, and then we go to the cinema and watch there a new film. We usually like to watch comedies. But sometimes we go bowling. I like bowling very much and I especially live those colourful bowling shoes and when I score points by bowlingstrikes.

On Saturday mornings and afternoons I usually help my mother about the house. My mother usually cooks and I clean our flat. I dust, vacuum the carpets, water the plants and wash the clothes.

Saturday evenings I like to spend in a company of my best friend Helen. We can go for a walk in the park or stay at home. We like playing table games such as Monopoly or scrabble. Also we like watching films. Sometimes we can organize a pyjama-partywith some other friends.
On Sunday I usually sleep till midday. I can play computer games,
 surf the Internet or look through the fresh press. Then I get ready for the coming Monday. I do my home tasks, pack my bag, and iron my clothes. The rest of the day I spend with my family. It has become our tradition to have family dinner on Sundays. So, I have enough emotions after the weekend to spend the working week energetically. 

Vocabulary:

adult взрослый
 exception исключение
 to look forward ждать с нетерпением
 go bowling пойти на боулинг
 bowling shoes обувь для боулинга
 score points набирать очки
 striking выбивать все кегли одним ударом
 dust вытирать пыль
 vacuum the carpets пылесосить
 scrabble – «Скреббл», настольная игра в слова
 pyjama-party пижамная вечеринка
 surf the Internet – «лазить» по Интернету
 look through - просматривать
 iron утюжить



Упражнение 4.2. Ответьте на вопросы:


1. Are you glad when weekends come?
2. When do you usually start your weekends?
3. What do you usually do on Friday evening?
4. What do you usually do on Saturday?
5. What do you usually do on Sunday?


Упражнение 4.3. Переведите следующие предложения:

  1. Я жду с нетерпением выходных.

  2. Вечер воскресенья я провожу с друзьями.

  3. Я люблю «лазить» по интернету.

  4. Наша семья имеет традицию: обедать вместе в воскресенье.

  5. В воскресенье я вытираю пыль, поливаю цветы, помогаю маме готовить.

  6. Мы ходим на прогулку.


Домашнее задание: Пересказ текста


Практическое занятие № 5.

Тема: Мой рабочий день.

Цель: Aктивизация ЛЕ.


Упражнение 5.1: вставьте следующие слова в текст: face, coffee, hungry homework, TV games


On week days I usually get up nearly six o’clock. I do not like to get up early, but I have to, because I have a lot of work to do during the day.

        I make my bed, wash my _______, put clothes on and go to the kitchen to have breakfast. My mother usually prepares breakfast for me, but sometimes I do it myself. If I prepare my breakfast for my own, I should have to get up earlier. I do not like big breakfasts; I prefer a cup of _____ and a sandwich.

         Then I go to school. It is rather far from my house and I go there by bus. I have classes till two or three o’clock, it depends on a week day. Then I come home and have dinner. I like a big dinner, because when I come home from school I am _________.

         After my dinner, I have a rest for a couple of hours and then I do my______. If I have some spare time I do some work about the house. I sweep the floor, dust the furniture find clean the carpets with the vacuum-cleaner. Sometimes my mother asks me to go shopping.

         Then I have free time. I go for a walk with my friends or watch _______, or read books or play my favorite computer ______. Then I have supper with my family. I like evenings very much, all members of our family get together after work and study and have the opportunity to talk and to discuss our family affairs.

         I usually go to bed at about ten o’clock, sometimes at eleven o’clock.

_____________________________________________________________________________

 

 VOCABULARY:

to get up — вставать, подниматься

to have to + inf. — вынужден что-либо сделать

to make bed — застилать постель

to put smth.on — надевать что-либо

to have breakfast — завтракать

to prefer — предпочитать

to sweep — подметать

to dust — вытирать пыль

furniture — мебель

carpet — ковер

vacuum-cleaner — пылесос

to go shopping — ходить по магазинам

to have opportunity — иметь возможность

family affairs — семейные делаg

Упражнение 5.2. Ответьте на вопросы.

1.   When does he usually get up on week days?

2.   What does he do when I have got up?

3.   Does he like big breakfasts?

4.   Is his school close to his home?

5.   What does he do when he has some spare time?

6.   When does he usually go to bed?


Упражнение 5.3: Найдите в тексте:

Просыпаться, в течение дня, завтракать, заправлять кровать, умываться, предпочитать чашечку кофе, это зависит от, пару часов я отдыхаю, свободное время, подметать, ходить по магазинам, гулять с друзьями, смотреть телевизор, иметь возможность поговорить, ложиться спать.


Домашнее задание: Ответить на вопросы.


Практическое занятие №6.

Тема: « Мой рабочий день»

Цель: Совершенствование навыков устной речи


Упражнение 6.1 Ответьте на вопросы

  1. What time do you get up on your week- days?

  2. Do you usually do your morning exercises?

  3. Who cooks your breakfast?

  4. How many lessons do you have a day?

  5. What do you do in the afternoon?

  6. What do you do in the evening?

  7. What time do you go to bed?


Упражнение 6.2 Составьте вопросы, используя данные из таблицы и ответьте на них.


When


Where


What lessons


What books




do you

go to the college?

have breakfast (dinner, supper)?

clean the teeth?

read?

watch TV?

play sports?

do your homework?

go to bed?


Упражнение 6.3 Прочитайте диалог, разыграйте его по ролям и составьте диалоги о своем рабочем дне.

Student 1: Hi, Olga!

Student 2: Hi, Kate!

Student 1: How are you?

Student 2: I’m well. Thank you.

Student 1: I say Olga. When do you do your homework?

Student 2: I usually do my homework in the evening.

Student 1: Really? And as for me I read books and watch TV in the evening.

Student 2: I see. 


Упражнение 6. 4. Составьте рассказ о своем рабочем дне, используя следующие выражения.

  • to get up at 7 o’clock

  • to do morning exercises

  • to have breakfast (dinner, supper)

  • to wash hands and face

  • to clean the teeth

  • to put on (a shirt, a skirt)

  • to read books

  • to watch TV

  • to help mother about the house

Тема 2. Здоровье, спорт, правила здорового образа жизни.


Практическое занятие №7.

Тема: Здоровье и забота о нем. Правила здорового образа жизни. Спорт

Цель: Развитие навыков детального чтения.

A Healthy Lifestyle

I consider that man’s health depends on his mode of life. To prevent the diseases it’s necessary to keep some simple regulations: to go in for sports, to eat carefully, to take a rest and to walk frequently in the open air. I’m fifteen years old and the last three years I do my morning exercises. It inspirits and gives strength to me for a whole day. I add dousing with cold water in winter. I think that conditioning to the cold is the main method for preserving my health. My favourite winter sports are cross-country skiing and skating. I prefer to run in the park and play tennis in summer. I go to the swimming pool twice a week the whole year round. Swimming increases the respiratory system. I also try to observe a day regimen. Every day I go to bed and get up at approximately the same time. I give special attention to meals. I don’t eat fatty and high-calorie foods and I don’t drink heavily gas-cut beverages. At my time of life some peers smoke and drink alcohol but I think that it’s dangerous for a human organism and sooner or later it will be injurious to our health. I think that everybody must begin to take care of his health in his youth because it’s easier to take care of our health than to recover it.


Vocabulary:

1. to depend-зависит

2. mode of life- образ жизни

3. to prevent- предотвращать

4. disease-болезнь

5. necessary-необходимо

6. frequently- часть

7. to prefer- предпочитать

8. swimming pool- бассейн

9. respiratory system- дыхательная система

10. fatty- жирная

11. gas-cut beverages- газированные напитки

12. to take care- заботиться


Упражнение 7.1: переведите словосочетания:

Fatty and high-calorie foods, human organism, to take care of his health, to prevent the diseases, the open air, cross-country skiing, twice a week, dangerous for, it will be injurious to our health.


Упражнение 7.2.: Познакомьтесь с болезнями и выберите правильную методику их лечения.


A  headache  ( головная боль)                                   a .call the doctor

a  cold  ( простуда, насморк)                                          b. call the dentist

a  fever( температура)                                      c. drink tea with honey

a backache ( боль в спине)                              d. go to bed

a sore throat( боль в горле)                               e. drink a lot of water

a stomachache  ( боль в животе)                              f.eat yogurt

a earache  ( ушная боль)                                      g. take aspirin

a  broken  arm ( сломанная рука)                                h. drink milk

                                                       i. have some chicken

                                                        j. take vitamins


Домашнее задание: Пересказ, выучить ЛЕ


Практическое занятие №8

Тема: Спорт в нашей жизни.

Цель: Тренировка навыков чтения и говорения.

Sport in Our Life

    People all over the world are fond of sports and games.Sport makes people healthy, keeps them fit, more organized and better disciplined.It unites people of different classes and nationalities. Many people do sports on their personal initiative. They go in for skiing, skating, table tennis, swimming, volley-ball, football, body-building, etc. All necessary facilities are provided for them: stadiums, sport grounds, swimming pools, skating rinks, skiing stations, football fields.

Sport is paid much attention to in our educational establishments. Gymnastics is a part of children's daily activities in the kindergartens. Physical culture is compulsory subject at schools and colleges.

Professional sport is also paid much attention to in our country. In city, where I live, there are different sporting societies, clubs and complexes.

Practically all kinds of sports are popular in our country, but football, gymnastics and tennis enjoy the greatest popularity. As for me, I go in for table tennis (ping-pong). It needs mobility, liveliness and much energy. It keeps a person in a good form. I have been playing tennis for five years, but the more I play, the more I like it. I get a real joy taking part in competitions or simply playing with my friends. Sometimes, I go to tennis courts.

 Certainly, there's a great distance between my manner of playing and such favourites as Jim Courier, Stephan Edberg, Pete Sampras, Boris Becker, Per Korda, but I do my training with great pleasure and hope to play as well as our best players do.

Vocabulary:

fit — в хорошей форме
on personal initiative —
по личной инициативе
to pay attention to —
обращать внимание на
kindergarten —
детский сад
compulsory —
обязательный
to enjoy popularity —
пользоваться популярностью
mobility —
мобильность
distance —
расстояние


Упражнение 8.1 Ответьте на вопросы:

1.Why are people all over the world fond of sports and games?
2. What necessary facilities are provided for people?
3. What kinds of sports are popular in our country?
4. What is your favourite kind of sport?
Why?


Упражнения 8.2. Какие из следующих утверждений является правильными?

  •  People all over the world like sports and games.

  • Sport doesn’t make people healthy.

  • Physical culture is compulsory subject at schools and colleges.

  • Tennis (ping-pong needs mobility, liveliness and much energy.

  • Many people do sports on their personal initiative.

  • Sport doesn’t unite people of different classes and nationalities


Домашнее задание: составить рассказ о любимом виде спорта


Практическое занятие №9

Тема: Олимпийские игры

Цель: Развитие навыков чтения с применением различных стратегий.


Упражнение 9.1. Переведите и прочитайте текст.

The Olympic Games

The Olympic Games have a very long history. They began in 777 BC in Greece and took place every four years for nearly twelve centuries at Olympia. They included many different kinds of sports: running, boxing, wrestling, etc. All the cities in Greece sent their best athletes to Olimpia to compete in the Games. For the period of the Games all the wars stopped. So the Olympic Games became the symbol of peace and friendship. 

In 394 AD the Games were abolished and were not renewed until many centuries later. 
In 1894, a Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, addressed all the sports governing bodies and pointed out the significance of sports and its educational value.
 Two years later the first modern Olympic Games took place. Of course, the competitions were held in Greece to symbolize the continuation of the centuries-old tradition. 

In 1896 the International Olympic Committee was set up. It is the central policy-making body of the Olympic movement. It is formed by the representatives of all countries which take part in the Olympic Games. The International Olympic Committee decides upon the programme of the games, the number of the participants and the city-host for the Games. Over one hundred and fifty countries are represented in the International Olympic Committee now. Besides, each country has its National Olympic Committee. 

Summer and Winter Games are held separately. There are always several cities wishing to host the Games. The most suitable is selected by the International Committee. After that the city of the Games starts preparations for the competitions, constructs new sports facilities, stadiums, hotels, press centres. Thousands of athletes, journalists and guests come to the Games, and it takes great efforts to arrange everything. There is always an interesting cultural programme of concerts, exhibitions, festivals, etc., for each Games. 

Russia joined the Olympic movement in 1952. Since then it has won a lot of gold, silver, and bronze medals. In 1980 Moscow hosted the Twenty- Second Olympic Games. 
The latest Olympic Games were held in Sydney. Russian sportsmen got medals for their records in many sports events.
 

Vocabulary:

1.to include-включать

2. kind-вид

3.to compete-участвовать

4. peace-мир

5. friendship-дружба

6. to abolish-отменить

7. significance- значимость

8.movement-движение

9. participant-участники

10. suitable- подходящий

11. to select-выбирать

12. preparation-подготовка

13. guest-гость

14. exhibition- экскурсия

15. to arrange-организовывать

16. silver-серебро

17. event-события


Упражнение 9.2. Ответьте на вопросы:


  1. When and where did the Olympic Games begin? 
    2. Why did the Olympic Games become the symbol of peace and friendship?
     
    3. When did the Games in Greece stop?
     
    4. Who renewed the Olympic movement?
     
    5. When and where did the first modem Games take place?
     
    6. When was the International Olympic Committee set up? What is its function?
     
    7. Are Summer and Winter Games held separately?
     
    8. How does the city-host prepare for the Olympic Games?
     
    9. When did Russia join the Olympic movement?
     
    10. Where were the latest Olympic Games held


Упражнение 9.3. Найдите следующие словосочетания в тексте:


Иметь давнюю историю; различные виды спорта; прекращать войны; значимость спорта и его воспитательное развитие; продолжение многовековой традиции; национальный олимпийский комитет; летние и зимние игры; город начинает готовиться к играм; присоединиться к олимпийскому движению.


Домашнее задание: пересказ текста


Практическое занятие № 10

Тема: Глагол to be, to have. Неопределенные местоимения some, any, no и их производные. Оборот there is\ there are.

Цель: Развитие лексико-грамматических навыков говорения.


Основные теоретические положения:

Спряжение глагола to be, to have


I am

He

She is

It

You, we, they are

Was ( ед.ч)

Were ( мн.ч)

Shall

+ be

will

To have

Have

Has ( для 3 лица)

Had

Will

+ have

shall


Неопределенные местоимения some, any, no и их производные.


обозначает что-то конкретное, определенное, а также некоторое количество, в таких случаях «some» не переводится или переводится «несколько»
  1. Some+body/one обозначает «кто-то», подразумевая конкретного человека, в утвердительном предложении.

  2. Some + thing обозначает «что-то», «кое-что»

  3. Some также сочетается с вопросительными словами типа where, how и т. д. В таких случаях some обозначает «куда-то, как-то»

Any

Any обозначает что-то неконкретное, неопределенное. А также в значении «что угодно, какой угодно и т. д.», в таких случаях пишется слитно со вторым словом. Чаще всего используется в вопросах и в отрицании.

  1. Any+body/one обозначает «кто-либо», «кто-нибудь» и «кто угодно», «любой»

  2. Any+thing обозначает «что-либо», «что-нибудь»

  3. В сочетаниях any+where, any+how и т. д. обозначает или «куда-либо, как-либо и т. д." или «куда угодно, как угодно»


Оборот There is / there are


Оборот there is / there are характерно использовать для определения местоположения предметов или если в предложении не используется глагола.

Структура предложения следующая: there is/are + существительное + обстоятельство места.

There is используется только для существительных единственного числа:

There is a cat in the garden – кот (находится) в саду;

Также чаще всего можно услышать сокращенную форму there is – there’s:

There’s an apple on the table – на столе (лежит) яблоко;

Для ясности, предложение there is/are лучше переводить с обстоятельства места.

Утвердительное предложение there is/are можно переконструировать в вопросительное. Для этого достаточно поменять местами there и is/are:

Is there a train to Moscow? – Есть ли поезд до Москвы?

И как дать короткий ответ на подобный вопрос:

Is there money in your pocket? – Yes, there is – No, there isn’t

Утвердительные предложения с оборотом there is/are можно преобразовывать и в отрицательные предложения, путем добавления отрицательной частицы not:

There is not a knife in your bag – в твоей сумке нет ножа;

Или же можно добавить отрицательное слово no(нет):

There is no sugar in this cup of coffee – в этой чашке кофе нету сахара;

Таким образом, еще раз стоит отметить употребление оборота there is / there are. There is употребляется только с существительными единственного числа, соответственно there are с существительными множественного числа.


Упражнение 10.1. Вставьте is или are.


1.There _____ two cups of tea on the table. 2. There _____ some milk in the cup. 3. There _____ an orange in the salad. 4. There _____ six balls in the box. 5. There _____ some cheese on the plate. 6.There ______ a blue chair at the door. 7. There _____ five chicks and a hen on the farm. 8. There _____ a table and nine desks in the classroom. 9. There _____ a big window to the left of the door. 10. There _____ three rooms in our country house.

Упражнение 10.2. Напиши каждое предложение в отрицательной и вопросительной форме.


  1. There are many pupils in the classroom.

  2. There is some meat on the plate.

  3. There are four parks in the city.

    Упражнение 10.3. Вставьте необходимую форму глагола to be.


My name (1) ______ Brenda Foster. I (2)  ______ on the left in the picture. I (3) ______  ten years old and I (4) ______ in the fifth form. My birthday (5)  _____ on the first of January. I (6) ______  from Santa Monica, California, USA. I (7) ______ American. My phone number (8) ______ 235-456-789. I live at 16 Park Street. My post code (9) ______ LA 30 SM. I’ve got a sister and a brother. Their names (10) ______ Gina and Paul. Gina (11) ______ 16 years old and Paul (12) ______  only three. I’ve also got a dog. His name (13) ______ Spot. He (14) ______  on the right in the picture. My Mum (15) ______ a doctor. She works at a hospital. My Dad (16) ______ a driver. He works in Los Angeles. We (17)  ______ all   friendly in our family.

Упражнение 10.4. вставьте необходимую форму глагола to be в прошедшем времени

  1. _________ Jenny at the party?

  2. _________ Lumpy quiet yesterday?

  3. _________ you in Kongo?

  4. _________ your parents in the local gym yesterday?

  5. _________ your friend at school yesterday?

  6. _________ you happy yesterday?

    Упражнение 10.5. Заполните пропуски some/any/no.


1. There is _______  tea in the crystal  glass, but it is very hot.

2. There is  _______  fresh milk in the fridge.

3.I can't make porridge.

4. Are there ________  tasty apples in the bag?

5. There isn't _______  jam on the round plate.

6. There are _______  bananas on the wooden  table.

7. They are yellow. There is  ________ butter on the plate.

8. There is ________ cheese on the table, but there’re ____________ cheese sandwiches.

9. There isn't  _________ sausage on the table. There are  ____________ potatoes in the bag.

10. There aren't ______________  bananas on the table, but there are ________  cucumbers there.

Домашнее задание: выучить правило


Практическое занятие № 11

Тема: Британские виды спорта.

Цель: Формирование навыков чтения с применением различных стратегий.


Упражнение 11.1.Прочтите и попытайтесь перевести слова без словаря:

Nation, form, organize, associate, enthusiasm, seriously, progress, popularity, professional, distance, special, club, public, part


Упражнение 11.2. Прочтите заголовок текста и скажите, что вы знаете об этом. Прочтите и переведите текст.

Sports in Great Britain.

England is sport-loving nation. Sports in England take many forms: organized competitive sports, which attracts huge crowds to encourage their favorite team to victory, athletic games played for recreation and others.

Some sports are called spectator sports, when the number of spectators is greater than the number of people playing the game. Other sports are called participant, sports attracting crowds only on special occasion such as tournament.

The game peculiarly associated with England is cricket. Many other games too are English in origin, but have been accepted with enthusiasm in other countries; cricket has been seriously and extensively accepted only in the Commonwealth, particularly in Australia, India, Pakistan.

Cricket is slow, and a spectator, sitting in the afternoon sun after his lunch, may be excused for having a little sleep for half an hour. Cricket is making no progress in popularity. Association football or soccer is very popular. Nearly 40 million spectators each year attend matches. Between the great professional teams organized by the Football League. The biggest event in England is the Cup Final played at the Empire Stadium, Wembley, in a London suburb.

Rugby football has excited in Britain since the beginning of the 19th century, when a teacher at Rugby school, while playing football, decided that it would be better to pick up the ball and run with it.

Rugby football is played with an egg-shaped ball which may be carried and thrown( but not forward).

The games of golf and tennis are played by the great number of people. Golf is played in the countryside. It consists in driving a small ball towards and into holes separated by considerable distances, by means of special golf clubs. The aim is to go round using a few strokes as possible.

There are many tennis clubs, but every town provides tennis courts in public parks. The world championship tennis matches are held at Wimbledon in London, during June and July.

Vocabulary:

1.crowd-толпа

2. to encourage-вдохновлять

3. victory-победа

4. team-команда

5. countryside-сельская местность

6. separate-отдельный

7. considerable-значительный

8. stroke-удар

9. to decide-решить

10. participant-участник

11. extensively-широко

12. popular-известный

Упражнение 11.3. Ответьте на вопросы:

  • What forms do sports take in England?

  • What is the differences between spectator and participant sports?

  • Is cricket making a progress in popularity?

  • Where is the Cup Final played?

  • What are the rugby football rules?

  • Where is golf played?

  • What is the aim of this game?

  • Домашнее задание: подготовить сообщения

  • Практическое занятие № 12

  • Тема: Спорт

  • Цель: Активизация ЛЕ в устной речи.

  • Упражнение 12.1. Прочтите и переведите текст.

  • Sports

  • Many people are fond of sports. It is the most popular way of relaxing. Sport helps us to be healthy and enjoy the life. Nowadays thousands of people are almost crazy about their health, and participating in sports has a great attraction for them. Besides, sport games are good for training people in courteous behavior; it teaches them to lose a game without losing their temper, and avoid selfish or mean tricks.

  • There are some kinds of sports which attract thousands of people. They are football, basketball, ice hockey, wrestling, track and field events. There are a lot of sports fans of these games all over the world. Many people belong to different amateur teams. As for me I am a member of our school volleyball team. I like this game very much. You must be rapid, attentive; you must have strong hands and fingers to play this game. The aim of the game is to put the ball to the opposite team’s court and not to let the opposite team make the ball touch the floor of your team’s court. Our school team is very good. We won many prizes in Inter-Schools contests.

  • Not everyone who enjoys sporting events like to participate in them. Some people prefer to be spectators, either by attending the games in person or watching them on TV. There are even special sport channels presenting sporting events all day long.

  • Speaking about sports, we can’t avoid speaking about the Olympic Games. The Olympics have a very long history. They began in 776 BC at Olimpia, in Greece. They take place every four years. In 1896 the first international Olympic Games were held. From then and to the present time the games have been international and the number of events in the programme has increased.

  • In these games only amateurs or non-professional athletes can take part. Each country sends team for as many of different events as possible. The winners of each event are given a certain number of points. The International Olympic Committee decides where the Next Olympics will take place.

  • It’s always very nice to see a family every member of which are fond of sport. Sports train people’s patience, tolerance. When the parents share their children’ interests you can say that the family is a lucky one.

  • Vocabulary:

  1. To be fond of- увлекаться

  2. To relax-расслабляться

  3. Crazy-сумасшедший, сходить с ума.

  4. Wrestling- борьба

  5. Amateur- любительский

  6. To participate- участвовать

  7. Courteous-вежливый

  8. To avoid-избегать

  9. To attract-привлекать

  10. Rapid-быстрый

  11. Finger-палец

  12. Present-настоящее

  13. Event-событие

  14. To increase-увеличивать

  1. Упражнение 12.2. Переведите следующие словосочетания:

  2. Увлекаться спортом; наслаждаться жизнью; по всему миру; иметь сильные руки и пальцы; выигрывать призы; предпочитать быть зрителем; смотреть спорт по телевизору; каждые четыре года; по настоящее время; международный комитет; любительские команды; дотронуться пола.

  3. 1. Sports train people’s …...
  4. 2. The International Olympic Committee decides where

  5. 3. the Olympic Games began

  6. 4. it teaches them to lose a game

  7. 5. Many people belong to …..

  8. 6. Each country sends team for as

    1. a. the Next Olympics will take place.

    2. b. many of different events as possible.

    3. c. different amateur teams

    4. d. in 776 BC at Olimpia, in Greece.

    5. e. patience, tolerance

    6. f. without losing their temper,

  9. Упражнение 12.3. Соедините начало и конец предложений

  10. Домашнее задание: подготовка сообщений

  11. Практическое занятие № 13

  12. Тема: Из истории британских видов спорта

  13. Цель: Совершенстование навыков диалогической речи

  14. Упражнение 13.1. Прочтите и переведите текст.

  15. Sport in Great Britain

  16. Most people in Great Britain are real sport-lovers. Even if they don't go in for sport, they like to talk about it. Perhaps, you didn't know, but many kinds of sport have taken the origin in Great Britain. Cricket, football, rugby, tennis, table tennis, badminton, squash, canoeing and snooker were invented in Britain.

  17. Britain's national sport is football or soccer. It was played there as far back as medieval times. Nowadays it has become the most popular game all over the world. There is no national football team in Great Britain. England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have their separate football clubs, which compete in European and World Cup matches.

  18. English football fans are fond of most exciting games which are held between teams from the same city. For example, between Manchester United and Manchester City, Arsenal and Chelsea from London.There are plenty of amateur association football clubs. Many schools form their own football teams, offering students an opportunity of entering prestigious universities according to their sport achievements.

  19. There is a certain type of football called rugby. The game is called so because it was originated at Rugby — a well-known English public school. As well as common football it is a game played by two teams of fifteen players each. The game takes place on a field 100 metres long and 80 metres wide. There are goal posts at both ends of the field. Rugby is played with an oval or egg-shaped ball which can be carried by hands and kicked. The ball is passed from hand to hand in order to be thrown across the goal line. It is a rather violent game, that is why the players must be big and strong. Another requirement for the players is to wear helmets, masks and chest and shoulder ; line-height: 100%">Cricket is a popular summer sport in Britain. There are many cricket clubs in the country. Cricket players wear a certain uniform — white boots, a white T-shirt and white trousers. One cricket game takes a terribly long time. There are two teams of 11 players each and test matches between national teams can last up to 5 days. The spectators have to be very patient. The game is played on a pitch with a wicket at each end. The rules of the game have changed over the years. It is a game which is associated with long sunny summer afternoons, the smell of new-mown grass and the sound of leather ball beating the willow cricket bat. Cricket is more popular among men, but it is also played by women and girls.

  20. Tennis is another favourite sport of the Englishmen. People all over the world know Wimbledon which is the centre of lawn tennis. It is the oldest tennis tournament in the world considered by many people to be the most prestigious. It takes place over two weeks in late June and early July. Wimbledon is known for its traditions — strict white dress code for competitors, the absence of sponsor advertising around the courts and some others. Every tennis player dreams of taking part at this tournament.

  21. Golf is a game of business community. In Great Britain it is very common to establish good business relations playing golf. The equipment for this game is quite expensive as well as the entrance to a prestigious golf club, so not everyone can afford it. Golf is a ball and golf stick game played on a natural field. In this game one has to knock a ball into a hole.

  22. There are a lot of other popular sports in Great Britain, for example, horseracing, croquet, swimming, running, cycling and rowing.

  23. Vocabulary:

  1. cricket — крикет
    rugby —
    регби
    squash —
    сквош
    snooker —
    снукер (вид игры на бильярде)
    to invent —
    изобретать
    soccer —
    футбол
    medieval times —
    Средние века
    separate —
    отдельный
    to compete —
    соревноваться
    tournament —
    турнир
    to be fond of —
    любить
    to hold —
    проводить
    opportunity —
    возможность
    according to —
    в соответствии с
    achievement —
    достижение
    field —
    поле
    goal post —
    ворота
    violent —
    жёсткий, суровый
    requirement —
    требование
    helmet —
    шлем
    ; line-height: 100%">

  2. Упражнение 13.2. Ответьте на вопросы.

  • The Englishmen love sports, don’t they?

  • Which sport do you associate with Britain? Why?

  • What sports have taken the origin in Britain?

  • Do you know any English football clubs?

  • What is rugby?

  • What equipment do you need to play rugby?

  • Cricket is popular winter sport in England, isn’t it?

  • Have you learnt any interesting information about cricket?

  • Why does every tennis player dream of taking part at Wimbledon?

  • Do you think golf is an exciting game?

  1. Домашнее задание: повторить ЛЕ

  2. Тема 3. Отдых, каникулы, отпуск, покупки. Туризм.

  3. Практическое занятие №14

  4. Тема: Путешествия

  5. Цель: Введение и первичное закрепление ЛЕ

  6. Упражнение 14.1. Прочтите и переведите текст.

  7. Travelling

  8. Modern life is impossible without travelling. Almost all people are fond of travelling. Thousands of people travel every day either on business or for pleasure. It’s v very interesting to see new places, other towns and countries.

  9. There are various means of travelling. People can travel by air, by train, by sea or by board. Of course, travelling by air is the fastest and the most convenient way, but it is the most expensive, too

  10. Travelling by train is slower than by plane, but it has its advantages with a train you have speed, comfort and pleasure combined. You can see much more interesting places of the country you are travelling through. Modern trains have comfortable seats. There are also sleeping cars and dining cars that make even the longest journey enjoyable.

  11. Speed, comfort, and safety are the main advantages of trains and planes. That is why many people prefer them for business trips to all other means of travelling.

  12. Traveling by sea or sea voyages are popular mostly as pleasure journeys. Large ships can visit foreign countries and different places of interest.

  13. Many people like to travel by car. It’s interesting too, because you can see many places in a short time, you can stop anywhere you wish and spend as much time as you like at any place.

  14. Nowadays a very popular method of travelling is hiking. It’s travelling on foot. Walking tours are very interesting.

  15. Vocabulary:


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Дата добавления 26.05.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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