Департамент образования города Москвы
Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение
«КОЛЛЕДЖ АВТОМОБИЛЬНОГО ТРАНСПОРТА №9»
(ГБПОУ КАТ № 9)
МЕТОДИЧЕСКОЕ ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЕ ЗАНЯТИЙ
ПО ПРЕДМЕТУ «ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК» (АНГЛИЙСКИЙ)
Устная тема “FOOD WE LIKE”
Преподаватель английского языка
ГБПОУ КАТ №9
При обучении иностранному языку в колледже предусматривается и осуществляется профессионально-ориентированное обучение будущих специалистов. Его назначение – заложить основы практического владения иностранным языком в своей профессии. Все упражнения и задания построены на знакомом грамматическом материале для активного овладения лексическим минимумом профессиональной направленности. Итогом каждой темы является умение учащихся вести беседу на элементарном уровне и умение составить диалоги, краткий рассказ по данной теме. Весь материал пособия носит информативный характер, что повышает мотивацию изучения английского языка профессиональной
“FOOD WE LIKE”
Read the text and answer the questions:
It goes without saying that I prefer to have meals at home. At the weekend I like to get up late and have a good breakfast of scrambled eggs, or pancakes, or something like that. But on weekdays I’m always short of time in the morning. So I just have a cup of strong tea or coffee and couple of sandwiches.
As I spend a lot of time at the college (usually seven or eight hours) it’s necessary to have a snack at midday just to keep me going. That’s why I go to the canteen to have a snack.
But I enjoy my evening meal at home. My mother is a wonderful cook and her dinners are always delicious and various.
To begin with, we usually have some salad -- tomato and cucumber salad or mixed salad. For the first course we have some soup -- noodle, mushroom or cabbage soup, or maybe some fish soup for a change. For the main course we have meat, chicken or fish dishes, for example, steak or fried fish with spaghetti or potatoes (boiled or fried). We also have lot of vegetables -- green peas, carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers. I prefer meat to fish but my mother makes me eat fish from time to time. She says it’s good for my brains.
For dessert we have some fruit, fruit juice or a cup of tea with a slice of cake.
On Sundays we sometimes go to McDonald’s. I like everything there: cheeseburgers, hamburgers and Big Macs, apple pies and fruit cocktails. But unfortunately, they say it’s not very healthy to eat at McDonald’s.
It goes without saying – само собой разумеется To make smb do smth – заставлять к-либо
To prefer –предпочитать делать что-либо
Scrambled eggs – яичница From time to time – время от времени
Pancakes –блины, оладьи Dessert --- десерт
Short of time - не хватает времени Slice – ломтик, кусочек
Couple – пара, два Apple pie – пирог (пирожок) с яблоками
To have a snack – перекусить Fruit cocktail -- фруктовый коктейль
To keep smb going –для поддержания сил Unfortunately – к сожалению
Delicious -- вкусный To afford – позволять себе
Various – разнообразный They say --- говорят
To begin with – для начала It’s not very healthy – вредно для здоровья
Cucumber – огурец Cheeseburger ---чизбургер
Mixed – смешанный Hamburger -- гамбургер
Noodle soup – куриный суп с лапшой Big Mac – Биг Мак
Mushroom soup – грибной суп
For a change – для разнообразия
To boil – варить
To fry -- жарить
Green peas – зелёный горошек
Carrot -- морковь
1.How many meals a day do you usually have?
2.What do you usually have for breakfast?
3.Where do you have lunch (dinner)?
4.How many courses does your lunch (dinner) usually
5.What is your favourite dish?
6.What vegetables do you like?
7.What do you usually have for dessert?
8.How often do you eat out?
9.Have you eaten at McDonald’s?
10.Some people say that eating at a restaurant is a waste of money. Do you agree?
11.Can you cook?
12.Do you agree that the best cooks in the world are men?
Once there lived a man in England. His name was Sandwich and he was very rich. He liked to play cards. He could play cards very well and was the best player of his time. Often he played all day and night. One day he played for 24 hours without stopping. He did not leave the card table even to eat. Servants had to bring food for him. They brought him some meat and bread. He did not want to stop playing while he ate. He put the meat between two pieces of bread. In this way he was able to continue playing. From the name of this man we have the word sandwich today.
Now a lot of people in England eat sandwiches for their lunch. There are lots of sandwich shops in London. There you can buy all sorts of sandwiches. You can get meat sandwiches, or salad sandwiches, or meat-and-salad sandwiches. And you can get cheese, egg or fish sandwiches. You can even buy fruit sandwiches. Lots of people in the world like sandwiches, but some don’t.
ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS:
1.What do we call a sandwich?
2.What sort of sandwiches do you know?
3.When do people in England eat sandwiches?
4.What is the origin of the word sandwich?
5.What was Mr.Sandwich famous for?
6.What other facts about the man do we know?
7.When did he first make a sandwich?
8.Do you like sandwiches?
If so, what sort of sandwich would you like for your lunch?
Complete each sentence. Use a word from the box.
breakfast, take-away, dinner, food, lunch, meal, menu, picnic, snack, course
1.The waiter gave us the … and we chose our meals.
2.A good… is the best way of starting the day.
3.Peter has to take the medicine and hour before every … .
4.I’m meeting my friend for … at 1.30, so I’ll be back late this afternoon.
5…. is served every evening in the hotel dining-room.
6.Michael really loves Greek … .
7. We took some fruit and sandwiches and had a … on
the bank of the river.
8.Helen didn’t have time to cook so she phoned for a … .
9.After the starter we ordered our main … .
10.When I get hungry and feel like a snack, I eat an apple.
Choose the most suitable word for each description.cup, jug, fork, knife, plate, spoon, tray
1.You can eat soup with this.
2.You put food on this and eat from it.
3.You can carry things on this.
4.You can cut meat with this.
5.You drink tea or coffee from this.
6. You can carry food to your mouth with this.
7.You can pour water from this.
Choose the correct word in each sentence.
1.Boil/cook some water, and pour it into the cup.
2. We usually bake/fry the fish in oil.
3.At the end of the meal we paid the menu/bill.
4.I always buy fresh food because I don’t like iced/frozen food.
5.Ann doesn’t eat meat. She’s a vegetable/vegetarian.
6.Don’t forget to put the meal/the food in the fridge.
7.Could we have some more bread/loaf please?
8. The cook/cooker put the meat in the oven.
9.He brought a fresh chicken/kitchen from the supermarket.
1.You should sit up straight.
2.You shouldn’t eat with your finders.
3.You shouldn’t put your elbows on the table.
4.You shouldn’t put your dirty knife, spoon and fork on your
5.You shouldn’t talk with your mouth full.
6.You shouldn’t lick your fingers.
7. You should say “Thank you” after the meal.
THE HOT DOG
A hot dog is a funny name for a food, isn’t it? It really is.
The story below may give you a good idea of what a hot dog is.
The Germans invented the hot dog and called it “the frankfurter”, after Frankfurt, a German city.
Americans bought frankfurters for the first time in the 1860’s. They gave it different name “dachshund (dэеksnd)
sausages”. A dachshund («такса») is a dog from Germany with a very long body and a short legs, which looks like a sausage.
Dachshund sausages became popular in New York, especially at basketball games. At games the men walked
up and down the stadium, and said, “Get your dachshund sausages”.
One day in 1906 Tad Dorgan went to a baseball game.
He was a newspaperman. When he saw the men with the dachshund sausages, he got an idea for a picture. The next day Tad Dorgan produced a picture of a piece of bread with
a dachshund inside. He didn’t know how to spell the name of this dog, so he wrote, “Get your hot dogs” – under the picture.
People liked the picture and the new name. And soon the name became very popular.
Now hot dog is a common food in Russia, as well. You can buy it almost anywhere, and if you are hungry you don’t have enough time for dinner, a hot dog can make a really good snack.
Do you like Hamburgers?
What do you know about a hamburger?
The German town of Hamburg which was famous for its steaks gave it name to its food. Later, German immigrants brought the “hamburger steak” to the United States.
At the St. Louis World Fair in 1904 people could buy hamburger steaks on a small piece of bread for the first time.
Hamburgers on a small piece of bread were easy to eat and very tasty. Gradually, this became the US national food.
What made this food so popular?
The answer is McDonald’s, the fast-food restaurants.
When the first McDonald’s was opened in California, in 1949, hamburgers were the main food on its menu. People liked the restaurant’s fast service. In the 1960’s there were many McDonald’s restaurants round the country.
Today, of course, you can eat at McDonald’s restaurants
in almost any country of the world. And the main food on the menu is – as always – the hamburger. When we are busy and don’t have enough time, we go to McDonald’s and have the hamburger.
Слово MAC в английском языке имеет
несколько значений. Оно может обозначать и фирменный бутерброд, подаваемый в Макдональдсе, и непромокаемый плащ (по имени изобретателя прорезиненной ткани, шотландского химика Ч.Макинтоша),и компьютер знаменитой фирмы Apple Macintosh. Кроме того, англичане часто называют так шотландцев, так как большинство шотландских фамилий начинаются на Mac или Mc: Macdonald, Mackintosh, MacCloud, McPherson.
THE BIG MACEverybody knows what a Big Mac is, don’t they? Well, just in case you haven’t got a clue, I’ll tell you what it isn’t. It isn’t an outsize gabardine. It isn’t a gargantuan computer. It isn’t a Scottish wrestler.
OK, so you know what it is and you’ve eaten one (or more) but do you know when it all started? And do you how many are consumed every day? And what do you know about the company behind the familiar yellow ‘M’?
That ‘M’ stands for something much bigger than the Moscow underground but not nearly as old. It all started way back in 1954 when a salesman called Ray Kroc sold some milk-shake mixing machines
to two brothers by the name of McDonald (Mac and Dick were their names). As well as selling milk-shakes, Mac and Dick also sold hamburgers and the best French fries Ray had ever tasted. What impressed Kroc was the fact that the two men were turning out ‘fast food’ which was of a consistently high standard. Less than fifty years later, the business empire that Ray Kroc founded (he bought up the franchise from the McDonald brothers) has expanded into one of the biggest commercial enterprises in the world.
Of course, the price of a Big Mac around the world varies considerably. It is most expensive in Israel where it will set you back 3.50$, whereas in the Philippines it’s just over one buck. But the leaders of the company want us to believe that the quality is always the same. Wherever you go in the world, you will get the same product: Moscow, Manila or Rio de Janeiro.
Some statistics that make more interesting reading are the figures for how many hours’ work someone has to put in to pay for a Big Mac.
In Brazil, where McDonald’s is growing faster than the tropical vines, the man in the street at last has a bit of disposable income and so can afford occasionally to go for a meal under the big yellow ‘M’. However, if you are a young Brazilian and are lucky enough to have just landed
a job with the best-known company in the world, you will have to work for more than three hours just for the privilege of buying a Big Mac.
Of course, McDonald’s is a great place for families to go.
Read and translate the text into Russian.
Answer the questions.
Russin cuisine is rich and varied. In Russia there is a large variety of milk products: a sort of dry, granulated cream cheese called tvorog, thick sour cream called smetana, and several types of sour milk products of the yoghurt type.
Smetana is an almost universal flavouring sauce, or if you like, it can be drunk by the glassful with or without sugar. Smetana is made of cream. Kefir is a pleasant, useful beverage made of cow’s milk. It’s a dietary product. Ryazhenka is a sour milk product made of baked milk, very pleasant to taste.
There is a big choice of appetizers, soups, hot and dessert dishes. You can recommend your guests soft, pressed and red caviar.
How about soups? There are plenty of them. Fresh cabbage meat soup (shchee),
Moscow beetroot and cabbage soup (borshch), kidney and cucumber soup (rassolnik), meat and fish solianka, ookha (special fisherman’s soup), mushroom soup and soups in season – okroshka and cold beetroot soup are very popular with our guests.
For the hot dish, guests can order beef-Stroganoff and mashed potatoes, roast veal, special pot-roast stuffed cabbage-rolls (golubtsy), Siberian pelmeni and buckwheat kasha. Now a few words about buckwheat kasha, which may be eaten with meat like potatoes as well as cereal without, with butter or milk. It’s very popular in our country because it’s a very useful product. It’s recommended for stout people for people suffering from diabetes. Buckwheat kasha purifies our organism and makes us stronger.
How about dessert? For dessert you can have baked apples, fruit and berry kissels (made of fruit or berry juice and potato flour), compote (made of dried stewed fruit mixed), dessert fruits.
Russian cuisine is famous for its Russian pies which were baked in Russia in good old times and remain popular nowadays. They are: kulebiaka (a Russian pie with meat or cabbage filling), rastegay (a pie with special fish filling), open curd tarts (vatrushki), honey-cakes, twists of bread (krendeli), boubliki (thick ring-shaped rolls), baranki (ring-shaped rolls), sooshki (small ring-shaped crackers), Russian Easter cakes and various fancy-cakes.
As for drinks we should recommend fruit and berry beverages: morse, kvass and zbiten (an old Russian beverage made of kvass, cognac or vodka, honey, tea and spices). Welcome to our restaurants!
Answer the following questions:
1.Is Russian cuisine rich an varied?
2. Is there a large variety of milk products in Russia? What are they?
3. What Russian appetizers do you know? Name Russian cold meat dishes.
3. What are popular Russian hot appetizers?
5. What popular Russian soups do you know? Are Russians soups popular with foreign guests?
6. What are the famous Russian baked items?
7. What Russian fruit and berry beverages do you know?
8. What is zbiten made of?
9. Do you like khachapouri? What fillings can be used in making it?
10. What traditional New Year seet dish do you know? What is it made of?
Read and translate the text into Russian.
Answer the questions.
EATING HABITS IN BRITAIN
The traditional British breakfast is a cooked meal of bacon, eggs and sausages, preceded by cereal or fruit and followed by toast. Nowadays this large meal is served mainly in hotels and
is very popular with foreign visitors. Britons may eat this big breakfast at weekends or on special occasions but they prefer a smaller, healthier meal to start a normal day.
Lunch is a light meal and is eaten at school or work at about 1 pm. Lunch takes 30-40 minutes. Some offices have installed a microwave oven for employees to use. Popular lunches are: a salad or a sandwich; a baked potato; beans on toast.
Snacks are very popular in Britain, and many people frequently eat snacks between meals. Schools may also sell snacks, such as crisps, chocolate, sweets and biscuits. Instant snacks are the fastest-growing sector of the food market.
Dinner is usually the main meal of the day and consists of two courses – meat or fish and vegetables followed by a desert or pudding. Convenience and frozen foods are especially popular. Convenience meals are already cooked – all you have to do is to heat it up in a microwave. Most supermarkets sell a range of pre-packed meals to be heated in a microwave.
Takeaways became extremely popular in the 1980s. The traditional British takeaway is fish and chips eaten with salt and vinegar. Some fish and chips shops still wrap your meal in newspaper, others use special bags to keep it warm. Some give you a plastic fork. Most towns and cities now offer a wide range of takeaway meals, from American-style hamburgers to Turkish kebabs. Many families prefer to eat takeaway food for dinner instead of cooking.
The British are famous for their love of sweet things, and afternoon tea with sandwiches, scones, jam and several different kinds of cake was once a traditional custom. Like the English cooked breakfast, it is now more often found in teashops and hotels than in private homes, and you can buy special guidebooks to tell you where the best afternoon teas are served. Most working people do not have teas as an afternoon “meal”, but they do have a short break in the middle of the afternoon for a cup of tea. Tea is often drunk with lunch and dinner.
Since the 1970s eating habits in Britain have undergone a change. People started to eat less fat and more fibre. Fat is believed to be one of the major causes of obesity and heat disease. Forty per cent of adults in Britain are overweight. High-fibre foods and low-fat foods can now
be found in all shops and supermarkets.
The British have also started to count calories. They try to take in fewer calories and to follow a calorie-controlled diet. One of the fastest-growing sectors of the food market in Britain is slimming foods.
2. to precede
4. to serve
6. to install
8. baked potato
9. snack, to snack
13. convenience foods
16. pre-packed meal
17. to heаt
20. fish and chips
25.in the middle
26. to undergo
30. hear disease
33. to count
34. to slim
35. slimming foods
1. прием пищи, еда
3. овсяная каша, овсяные хлопья
4. подавать, обслуживать
5. случай, событие
8. печеный картофель
9. легкая закуска, перекусить
13.пищевые полуфабрикаты быстрого приготовления
16. расфасованная еда
18.готовое блюдо, отпускаемое на дом
20.рыба с картофелем во фритюре
25. в середине
26.подвергаться, претерпевать (изменения)
30. заболевание сердца
34.стараться похудеть, сидеть на диете
35. продукты для похудения
1.What do British people usually eat for breakfast?
2.When do British people generally have lunch?
3. What do the British usually eat for lunch?
4. Are snack popular in Britain? Name popular British snacks.
5. What is the main meal of the day? What does it consist of?
6. What traditional British dishes do you know?
7.What is the traditional British takeaway?
8. What is afternoon tea?
9. Can you say that eating habits in Britain are changing? Why?
10. What is called a calorie-controlled diet?
Read and translate the text into Russian.
Answer the questions.
When we speak about American food, we always imagine hamburgers and hot dogs, fried chicken and giant steaks. But in fact Americans eat every kind of food imaginable, even spaghetti and pizza. The expression “as American as apple pie” means something that is typically American, but even apple pie came from somewhere else. The only true American foods are those that the Native Americans gave the first settlers, including corn, squash, pumpkin and turkey. Roast turkey, sweet potatoes and pumpkin pie are still eaten at Thanksgiving.
The typical day starts with breakfast. During the week this might be something quick: cereal with milk, a muffin or toast with coffee, tea, milk or juice. On the weekends when people have more time, breakfast might be pancakes, waffles, an omelet, or bacon and eggs.
Lunch at work or school is usually between 12 and 1 pm. Some people prefer to bring their lunch from home. Tuna fish, sliced meat called cold cuts or peanut butter and jelly sandwiches are kids’ favorites. Most schools and some businesses have cafeterias that serve lunch.
Dinner, the biggest meal of the day, is generally at 6 or 7 pm. A typical dinner includes a hot vegetable, a salad, meat, and a potato or pasta dish. Stew (meat cooked with vegetables) and soup are also favorite dinner foods.
Americans love deserts. The standard dessert is pie. You can have fruit pies made from apple, peach, apricot or cherry, or berry pies with blackberry, raspberry or blueberry. A piece of pie is often served with ice cream.
But the truth is that Americans don’t have much time for old-fashioned cooking at home.
Quick snacks all through the day have taken its place. Takeout meals from restaurants and pizza parlors have become a regular part of everyday life. Ready-to-eat and instant processed foods that are quick to prepare are also very popular. TV dinners are complete dinners on a tray that you take from the freezer and heat up in the oven or microwave.
An enormous fast-food industry gives hungry Americans the snacks they want when they want them. Ice cream, popcorn and hot dogs are on sale everywhere. Best known, perhaps, is the McDonalds hamburger business.
But fast food makes you fat, that’s why Americans are the fattest people in the world. More and more Americans worry about it and take greater interest in their health. The fashion for health food is growing all the time. Among middle-class people salads, beans and fruit have taken the place of steak and ice cream. Drinking is going down too. Smart businesspeople order mineral water, not wine, at their business. So now Americans pay more attention to their eating habits.
4. as American as apple pie
16. tuna fish
18. peanut butter
19. to include
30. pizza parlor
31.instant processed foods
32. to prepare
36.to heat up
39. to worry
42. to order
43. to pay attention to
2. который можно вообразить
4. типично американский
5. яблочный пирог
6. настоящий, истинный
12. День благодарения
13. блюдо из хлебных злаков
14. сдобная булка
17. мясная нарезка
18. паста из тертого арахиса
21. рагу, тушеное мясо
28. старомодный, несовременный
29. легкая закуска
31.продукты быстрого приготовления
33.полный, полностью укомплектованный
35. морозильная камера
38. тучный, толстый
41. фасоль, бобы
43. уделять внимание
1.What traditional American dishes do you know?
2. What kind of American food have you tasted?
3. What do Americans usually eat for breakfast?
4. When do Americans generally have lunch?
5. What do they usually eat for lunch?
6. Do Americans love desserts? What is the standard dessert?
7.Do Americans like fast food, or do they prefer to eat something that takes longer to cook?
8.What are the traditional Americans takeout meals?
9.Can you say that eating habits in the USA are changed?
10. What kind of food do you eat?