New lesson "Housing and living conditions in Kazakhstan"
Outline of the lesson
Subject: Practice of English language
Time: 45 minutes
The theme of the lesson: Housing and living conditions in Kazakhstan
Educational aim: to continue the topic “housing and living conditions” and to know the condition of houses in Kazakhstan.
Up-brining aim: To bring-up the interest and love to their subject.
Developing aim: To develop memory, understanding, and to improve speaking and listening skills.
The type of the lesson: Presentation of the new theme
The form of the lesson: Traditional
Visual AIDS: Cards, pictures, presentation
1. Organization moment
2. Checking homework
3. Warm – up
4. Work at the text
4.1. Pre – reading. Read the text
4.2. While – reading. Translating the text
4.3. Post – reading. Answer for the question
5. Working with tasks
A. Giving homework
I. Organization moment
Teacher: Good morning students! I am glad to see you!
-Who is on duty today?
- Who is absent?
-Sit down, please and get ready for the lesson students!
-What date is it today?
Good morning teacher!
-I`m on duty today!
-All are present!
Today it is 11th of September
II. Checking home work
Your home task was to retell the text and learn by heart the dialogues and new words
In order to build a house the civil engineer must consider many important factors: the choice of materials, their physical properties, availability, cost, etc. Materials to be used for structural purposes should meet a number of requirements. In most cases they should be strong, durable and fire-resistant.
Steel, concrete, stone, timber and brick are the most commonly used building materials. Timber is the oldest structural material known to mankind. It is light, cheap and easy to work with. But timber has certain disadvantages: it burns and decays. Timber used for building purposes is divided into two groups: softwoods and hardwoods. Softwoods are chiefly used in construction, while hardwoods are generally used for decorative purposes.
Bricks were known many thousands of years ago. They are molded from clay into the required shape. Bricks are usually rectangular in shape. They are hardened by being fired in a kiln.
Concrete is one of the most important building materials. It is difficult to imagine modern structures without concrete. Concrete is made by mixing together a proportion of fine and coarse aggregates with cement and water. Crushed stone, broken brick and gravel are considered to be coarse aggregates. Sand is the best fine aggregate. Both quarry and river sands are extensively used.
Reinforced concrete is a combination of two of the strongest structural materials available - concrete and steel. There are two kinds of reinforced concrete: with ordinary reinforcement and concrete with prestressed reinforcement. Concrete is reinforced by the incorporation of steel rods.
Plastics and glass reinforced plastics are comparatively new building materials, but they have already found many uses in modern construction. Plastics combine all the best characteristics of building materials with good insulating properties. Plastics are produced from chemicals. Glass-reinforced plastics are produced from polyester resins reinforced with glass fibres. Plastics and glass-reinforced plastics are the materials to be used in modern construction on a large scale.
2. Learn by heart the dialogue
A New Apartment Downtown
A: Here is a letter from my older sister. They have moved into a new apartment
downtown. She's happy!
B: Oh, what about going there for our winter holidays?
A: No, it isn't. There are not many four- or five-storey buildings there yet.
There are a lot of small houses and cottages with gardens, orchards and vegetable plots there. Our parents have a house like that. It's a very beautiful little house surrounded with trees and flower beds. But it doesn't have any modern conveniences.
B: So, your sister and her husband have a room and their mother has a room
of her own. Their daughter has a room as well. And the fourth room?
A: No, he is a mechanic. There are a number of young families in that new
B: At last! Their city is not very large, is it?
A: Four and with all modern conveniences: hot and cold water, central heating,
a gas-range, built-in cupboards.
B: Is your sister's apartment big? How many rooms are there?
A: They're four: my sister, her husband, her mother-in-law and their little
B: It is different from our big city with crowds of people everywhere...
A: Not yet. But they are lucky that they have such a good apartment.
B: Your sister's husband is an engineer, isn't he?
A: Not a bad idea. There are many fields and woods in the area. The scenery is very beautiful, the air is pure, the snow is always white.
B: How many are they in the family?
A: I think, it's for the family or for their guests.
B: Are they on the phone yet?
III. Work at the text
The condition of Kazakhstan
Oskemen (Ust-Kamenogorsk) -city, eastern Kazakhstan. It lies in the foothills of the Rūdnyy Altai Mountains and at the junction of the Ulba and Irtysh rivers.. Oskemen is now a major centre of nonferrous metallurgy (lead, zinc, titanium, and magnesium) in Kazakhstan, with important associated research institutes and laboratories. Other industries include food processing and machine building. The city is also an important transport junction. Population of region - around 1,708 432 people.
According to taxation committee data incomings to state budget from small business for 1st quarter 2007 amounted 2009138 thousands tenge, the growth formed 33.9% to the same period of previous year, including to local budget 699 443 thousands tenge, the growth formed 34.3% to the same period of previous year, including to city budget 406 611 thousands tenge, the growth formed 37.5% to the same period of previous year.
There are several institutions in the city for business development, among them: Ust-Kamenogorsk branch of JSC “Small business development fund in East Kazakhstan”, “Regional Scientific-technological park “Altai”” LLP, “Innovative center “Zhardem”” LLP, Woodworking association, construction association in East Kazakhstan, small business trade union, also there are wide bank center and 9 micro-credit organizations.
In the region prepared Conception of creation Industry Zones. There are four ground areas determined total area of 278 hectares, including Kamenni Karyer (110 hectares), Samarskoe Shosse (35 hectares), JSC “UMZ” (Eastern area) (36 hectares) and Ovechi Kluch (97 hectares). Nowadays there is a process of preparation and concordance of documents for allotment of lands.
Answer for the question
1. Discuss the questions:
1. Compare American agriculture with GB and KZ today. What are the differences and correspondences?
2. What are the dark and bright sides of American agriculture?
3. What is agribusiness?
4. What innovations are used to improve the agricultural sector today?
5. Give your points of view on living standards of farmers in KZ, GB and the USA.
V. Working with tasks
In the following sentences, there are some mistakes in the relative clauses. Find them and correct them.
1) The island of Malta that is situated south of Sicily and which used to be a British colony gained its independence in 1964.
2) A man to whom I was talking to recently told me a joke, which was very funny, but that I’ve unfortunately forgotten.
3) The Inuit who we used to call “Eskimos” are an ancient people.
4) Pete the guy who’s car I borrowed last week is visiting his mum that’s ill.
5) You need a passport for the countries to where you’re travelling.
Rewrite the sentences using present or past participle. And explain your choice.
1) She put on her coat, then went out.
2) He got run over as he crossed the road.
3) If you view the cliffs from this angle, they look very tall.
4) I walked down the road and I hummed to myself at the same time.
5) If the weather permits, we can go on a tour of the island tomorrow.
6) She’d eaten earlier so she wasn’t hungry.
7) I live near the sea so I get plenty of opportunities to go swimming.
8) When I’d visited Zanzibar I flew on to the Seychelles.
9) David has been rejected by his peers and lacks confidence, so he would certainly benefit from a change of school.
10) She split wine on her dress and completely ruined it.
Read these incomplete sentences and discuss whether they should be completed with a defining or non-defining relative clause, or whether both are possible.
1) I don’t like children……
2) The journey from work to home…. took over two hours yesterday.
3) Politicians …. aren’t worth listening to.
4) The Taj Mahal … is built from exquisitely carved white marble.
5) These are the photographs…..
6) We docked at the small port on the coast of East Africa.
7) My cousin … went hang-gliding at the weekend.
8) We went on a cycling holiday in Wales ….
Do you know the meaning or translation of the following words or phrases? If no, try to guess their meanings.
primary industry, to be domesticated, nourishing food, to cultivate, to bear fruit, to ripen, domestic market.
A. Giving homework
At home please retell the text and learn by heart the dialogue
I put you good marks because you were so active in my lesson
Teacher: Malakan Gulnar
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