О частях речи английского языка в рифме
Parts of Speech
-Dear brother, tell me, please, - asked curious Liz,
-What the book you study teach?
-Well, it teaches parts of speech.
“He is reading it with care”- little baby thought and taught him:
-May be they overbear. Do we need them all?
-First of all, -Tom replied, - I’d tell you, Liz, if you are going to quiz. They are things we applied.
-It is true, I believe. But explain it in detail please before I leave.
- Er, well…classes of the words of every language are called parts of speech. Meaning, form and function are given to each.
Verbs, for example, denote actions which mean the activity, f. ex.: to din, relation, f. ex. to consist, or process, f. ex to resist. Is it clear for you, Liz?
-Yes, Tom, continue, please!
-So, another part of speech is a noun. Oh, there’s something in my copybook written down!
Oh, what it is! So listen to me, please!
-Names of objects are called nouns, I must note. Things, animals, human beings, materials, etc.-that’s what they denote! A table, a ball, a boy, a couple- here are examples. Their properties and characteristics are expressed by adjectives, by the way. That’s another part of speech, anyway. And as for examples, think a bit, my little Liz!
-Well, I’ve just invented some: good people, blue flowers, a big nose, our mum,
-No, the last is wrong, my little Liz. Listen to me attentively, please.
“Our” is an adjective pronoun. It doesn’t name objects and qualities unlike adjectives or a noun. Remember, then, pronouns only point to them.
-Oh, I’ve understood, Liz proclaimed. I even don’t need time to concentrate upon examples, here are: he and she, my and I, here and there.
Tom exclaimed: “Well, I never!” Good of you, my little Liz, you are worthy of the lead! I’d continue with parts of speech. I haven’t ever described each,
A Numeral indicates a number, as three, four and seventeen, and order, such as: first, twelfth and eighteenth.
Adverbs are not easy to define. Some of them are derived from adjectives, such as slowly, finally; some resemble pronouns, as here, there, where; some are like prepositions, find out, such as since, before, about.
Prepositions are used with a noun. By the way, I’ve got it down. They show relations to some other word, such as: at him, for Tim, by Ted, for it, in a quiz, is it clear for you, Liz?
Yes, Tommy, continue, please!
-Well, conjunctions serve to connect phrases, sentences or words, such as: because, in case;
Interjections express anger or surprise, indignation or regret, such as: “ Is she wise?”.” It is bad!”. That’s enough, my little girl, are you glad, my dear bell?
-Yes,- Liz said- parts of speech are a cool thing, there is no doubt, but it’s time for me to go out. Thank you for your lesson, Tom, you are as a little comp!
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