Задание 1. Задания на понимание основного содержания прочитанного текста. Установите соответствие тем A- I текстам 1-9. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
A. Children must know how the exit door is
B. That children should not be lost
C. “Is it in operation condition?”
D. A child mustn't be afraid of a fireman
E. Practice by playing
F. In a case of fire children must choose a safe
G. Not only fairy-tales may do a child good
H. Let Children Be Firemen for Some Time
I. Bring associations into play
1. Since children are sometimes frightened by fire fighters and may even hide from them (as some do to any individual in uniform), parents or teachers can take them to a fire station and introduce them to uniformed fire fighters. Call the station and agree with them on spending special time with the children. Of course, plans could change if a fire call takes them away from the station.
2. Read children about fire safety or, for the youngest kids, about fire engines (пожарная машина) and their purpose, and fire stations. There are many such books on the market, for example, “No Dragons for Tea: Fire Safety for Kids (And Dragons),” “Stop Drop and Roll (A Book about Fire Safety),” “Fire! Fire!” and “Home Safety”
3. Choose the RED as a theme and build on fire safety through the use of red fire trucks. Have them draw a red fire truck, a red fire extinguisher (огнетушитель), and any other red elements and have kids wear red clothing. Consider providing a treat of red suckers or red apples and drink red punch or juice as a reward for a day well-done.
4. Take a walk around the school, or if at home plan a simple outing, and look for exit signs. Turn it into a game. If possible, turn the lights off in a building and let children see the exit signs remain lit and then discuss why. As a follow up, ask children create their own special exit signs as a project.
5. Play a game of “Stop, Drop and Roll” practicing children to act in a case of fire. This is a fun game for children and the lesson taught can be invaluable. Also, create a game with “Stay Low and Go.” A teacher can press an alarm (use anything with sound) and then children practice these skills as fast as they can. Be sure to explain when they should “stay low and go” and when to “stop, drop and roll.”
6. Plan a fire safety evacuation drill. It should be practiced as well. Ask one child each day to hold a bell or other “alarm” and let him choose the time anytime throughout the day to ring it and shout “Fire! Fire!”- and for the other children to evacuate. Providers/teachers of older kids can create some unexpected roadblocks/obstacles from time to time such as taping up an imaginary fire that means kids cannot leave the building through that route.
7. Create fire fighter hats for children and have them play a game “I am a firefighter”. Discuss equipment that a fire fighter needs and why. Let children see and learn how to use a fire extinguisher (огнетушитель). Older children should know where a fire extinguisher is located.
8. Provoke kids to think over where they should go leaving a burning house or building. Children sit in a circle and the first whispers the meeting spot to the second child, who then passes it to the next one, and so on. Sound the alarm, let children meet at the place, and then the teacher must find them.
9. Let children look, touch, and experience a smoke detector (дымовой извещатель) alarm. Make a game of counting the number of detectors in a building or at a home. Provoke children to ask their parents if the batteries have been changed recently.
Задание 2. Задание на понимание структурно-смысловых связей прочитанного текста.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1-6 частями предложений, обозначенными буквами A-G. Одна из частей в списке A-G – лишняя. Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.
America’s first fire hat was developed in 1740. It was a leather hat. In 1828, a new leather helmet was produced. It is possible the idea for it came from jockeys___________________(1). The helmet had a lengthened rear brim and curved sides. It also included front-pieces _____________(2). This head covering provided protection _________________(3) and prevented water from running down the fireman’s neck. When worn backwards, ___________________(4). Not only was it useful on the head, but it served other purposes as well. Firemen often used the helmet ________________(5). Trapped firefighters threw it out of windows or off the roofs __________________(6). This helmet has been used for many years.
a) that identified the name of the company
b) to break windows or provide ventilation
c) that provided face protection
d) to indicate help was needed
e) from falling debris (осколки)
f) who wore their caps backward
g) the lengthened brim (поля шляпы) helped deflect (отклонять) heat from the face
Задание 1. Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами А1-А8, так чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.
A1 As fire stations developed into 2-story buildings, the second floor
________for sleeping and relaxation.
A2 When the alarm sounded the ____charged down spiral staircases made of
A3 Several stations ______sliding chutes (крутой скат).
A4 Chicagoan David Kenyon of Engine Company No. 21 felt a fire pole would
be _____than a chute.
A5 He built a wooden one three inches in diameter and carefully sanded it and
A6 The chief needed to be convinced _________ idea would work.
A7 He gave permission for a hole _______for the invention, but the inventor
had to promise to repair it if his idea failed.
A8 It was first used in 1878 and _____very successful.
Номер материала: ДБ-319850
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