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Олимпиадные задания по теме "ЯНАО"

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Сведения о представляемой работе

Задания для лингводидактического тестирования ЗУН в:

  • чтении;

  • лексике и грамматике.


Тип задания:

  • множественный выбор с выбором единственного верного ответа;

  • краткий ответ;

  • установления достоверности утверждения;

  • заполнить пропуски.



ТЕКСТ ЗАДАНИЯ-КОНКУРСНОЙ РАБОТЫ



PART I

Task 1

Read the text about fauna and flora. Decide which of the following statements (items 1-10) are True (A), False (B) on which the information was Not Stated (C).

Fauna and flora

The herd of domesticated reindeer counts almost 500,000 heads; wild reindeer are also numerous. In tundra and taiga zones of the region one can find polar and brown bear, wolf, polar fox, wolverine, squirrel, ermine, beaver, and many other animals.

The northern shores of the region are washed by the waters of the Karskoye Sea, which is a part of the great Arctic Ocean. It is a place of clear water is the center of winter life. There are three kinds of seals living in the Karskoye Sea: spiky nerpa, lahtak or sea hare, Greenland seal or lysun. The seashore is frequented by gigantic walruses. Greenland whales, the largest animals on Earth weighing more than 100 tons, were reportedly seen near Yamal's shores. Typical for the Karskoye Sea waters are the herds of the northern dolphin, Belukha. In the summer while chasing fish they enter into Obskaya, Tazovskaya, and Gydanskaya Bays. Some of the animals inhabiting the lands and waters of the region are registered in the International, Russian, and Regional Red Books.

The region's water basins serve as spawning ground for the largest herd of white fish, comprising of 70% of all Russia's stock. Besides in lakes and rivers one can find white salmon, sturgeon, sterlet, smelt, omul, as well as taimen, grayling, and the so called «black fish»: eel-pout, pike, ruff, and many others. All of them are objects of the fishery industry except those recorded in the Red Book.

The region's bird life is also very rich: here one can find swans, ducks, seagulls, geese, owls, and many other birds. Rare birds such as red-crawed kazarka, white-tailed sea eagle, and others entered in the Red Book.

The flora world of Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Region is also diverse: from cedars in the south to mosses and lichen in Arctic zones, and to alpine vegetation in the mountains of the Polar Ural. Various berries can be found everywhere: raspberry, cranberry, winterberry, blueberry, etc. Some of the plants are also registered in the Red Book.


  1. The northern shores of the region are washed by the Caspian Sea.

A. True B. False C. Not Stated

2. Three kinds of seals live in the Karskoye Sea.

A. True B. False C. Not Stated

3. Greenland whales weigh more than 200 tons.

A. True B. False C. Not Stated

4. In lakes and rivers people can find “black fish”.

A. True B. False C. Not Stated

5. In this region we can see pelican and parrots.

A. True B. False C. Not Stated

6. Red-crawed kazarka is rare birds in this area.

A. True B. False C. Not Stated

7. White-tailed sea eagle is in the Red Book.

A. True B. False C. Not Stated

8. The nenets collect cranberry

A. True B. False C. Not Stated

9. In tundra we meet polar bear.

A. True B. False C. Not Stated

10. A lot of plants are registered in the Red Book.

A. True B. False C. Not Stated




Task 2


Read the text and 11 - 15 choose the best option A, B or C.



The mammoth’s baby


The mammoth’s baby was found by Yamalsky reindeer breeder Yuri Khudy in May, 2006. It is 50 kilograms in weight and its height is less than one meter. For researching the place where the mammoths baby was found it was organized the expedition of Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Region’s museum of Exhibition complex. The mammoth’s baby was named Luba in honor to the reindeer breeder’s wife. Luba was about four months when it was perished.

The scientists remember the local native population with the gratitude and pride those people who found the future world scientific sensation. When they discovered that unique find they didn’t try to make their personal profit but they reported about the mammoth’s baby to Yamal museum in Yar Sale.

The scientific expedition in April 2007 found out that the place where Luba was found was not her first natural grave. The scientists found out ice capsule on the river’s precipice Uribey where was as in fridge probably the mammoth’s baby “had slept” thousands years.


11. The mammoth’s baby was founded by…

A. cattleman

B. reindeer breeder

C. dog-fancier


12. It is…

A. 15 kilograms

B. 50 kilograms

C. 40 kilograms


13. The mammoth’s baby was named in honor…

A. reindeer breeder

B. reindeer breeder’s daughter

C. reindeer breeder’s wife


14. Luba was about… when it was perished.

A. three months

B. four months

C. fourteen month


15. The scientific expedition in… found out the place where Luba was found.

A. in April 2008

B. in April 2007

C. in April 2009


16. The mammoth’s baby was found …

A. in twenty and six

B. in twenty six

C. in two thousand and eight




Task 3.

Read the text and the questions below. For each question, mark the correct letter A, B, C or D .



Elena Laptander is “the pearl of Yamal” and the young star of the northern scene. She was born in the city of Salekhard, the capital of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District. When she studied in high school number 6, N.Shapiro, the teacher of music paid attention to her voice and artistic abilities. After high school, Elena went to the State Music School Gnessin and has finished brilliantly. She stayed in Moscow and worked in a famous group “Rossiyanochka.” Under the leadership of Honored Artist of Russia Rima Maslennikova Elena Laptander improved dramatics on the stage of Russia. Here, working with recognized masters of the scene, taking the best from their experience, she produced a creative position of the artist and a person.

Elena returned from the capital in Salekhard, the District Centre of National Cultures – returned to sing and do so from her childhood to tell Russia about the harsh and bright Yamal – her native land. In Salekhard Elena is helped a lot:

the Association “Yamal – Descendants”, the department for the administration of the North Autonomous Region .

Elena gives concerts for the indigenous people of rural hinterland, in the villages and towns of the district. She goes on tour to Moscow and abroad. She sings, grinds voice creates a personal relationship to the music to the audience. Elena realizes how important it is to “reach out to the hearts of the audience, to bring him a song that he had taken the art of evoking love and mercy.” And the main thing for her is a sincere song to open the hearts of audiences.



  1. What does reader learn about Elena?

  1. She is a famous singer in the world.

  2. She loved her Motherland.

  3. Audience like to listen her songs.

  4. To open the hearts of audiences is her main thing.


  1. Elena returned from Moscow to…

  1. meet her relatives in the Mortheland.

  2. tell her native people about Russia.

  3. work in the Association “Yamal-Descendants”.

  4. performance the songs and tell about the severe her native land.


  1. In Salekhard Elena is helped…

  1. the Association “Yamal – Descendants”

  2. the department for the administration of the North Autonomous Region

  3. the Association “Yamal – Descendants”, the department for the administration of the North Autonomous Region .

  4. her relatives and friends



Task 4


Read and complete the sentence with the convenient words.


capsule, thousands years, Luba, pride, local native, gratitude, sensation, mammoth’s baby, expedition, grave


The scientists remember the ……… population with the ……. and ……. those people who found the future world scientific …… When they discovered that unique find they didn’t try to make their personal profit but they reported about the ………… to Yamal museum in Yar Sale.

The scientific ……….in April 2007 found out that the place where ……. was found was not her first natural ……. The scientists found out ice ……. on the river’s precipice Uribey where was as in fridge probably the mammoth’s baby “had slept” ……..



Task 5

Read the text and say True or False


Geographical position


Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Region is situated in the extreme north of the largest in the world West-Siberian lowland. It occupies the territory of 750.6 square kilometers, which is for instance, 1.5 bigger than the territory of France. A significant part of the region's territory, about 50%, is situated above the Polar Circle in the zone of Arctic deserts. The region's territory includes three peninsulas: YAMAL, TAZOVSKY, GYDANSKY, as well as a group of islands in the Karskoye Sea: BOLOTNY, LITKE, SHARAPOVY KOSHKY, BELY, SHOKALSKOGO, VILKITSKOGO, OLENII, and others. In the west the region covers a large part of Polar Ural.

The average number of days in a year with mean temperatures above +10°C in Salekhard is 60, in Mys Kamenny it is 50. The number of days when the ground is fully covered with snow in Salekhard and Urengoy it is 210, in Mys Kamenny it is 230. In Salekhard the sun shines 1,500 hours a year, and on Bely Island it shines 1,100 hours a year. The sun does not descend below the horizon (polar day) in Mys Kamenny for 45 days, in Seyakha it is up for 70 days and on Bely Island the sun does not go down for almost 100 days.

The whole territory of the autonomous region is plentifully covered with marshlands, lakes, and rivers. According to hydrologists' research the region has over 300 lakes. The largest among them are Varcheto, Pyakuto, Neito, Shchuchie, Yaroto, Nembuto, Chiortovy Ozera, Chaselskoe, Seimuto, and others. There are about 48 thousand rivers in the region. One of the greatest rivers in the world, Ob, crosses the region's territory. There are also other large and navigable rivers: Pur, Taz, Shchuchiya, Sob, Longot-Yugan, Messoyakha, etc. All smaller rivers belong to the basins of Ob, Pur, Nadym, and Taz with the exception of the tundra Zone Rivers in Yamal and Gydan peninsulas.


  1. The whole territory of the autonomous region is not much covered with lakes, and rivers.

A. True B. False

  1. Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Region occupies the territory of 750.6 square kilometers.

A. True B. False

  1. The region's territory includes four peninsulas.

A. True B. False

  1. The great part of the region is situated above the Polar Circle in the zone of Arctic deserts.

A. True B. False

  1. One of the greatest rivers in the world, Enisey, crosses the region's territory.

  2. The average number of days in a year with mean temperatures above +10°C in Salekhard is 60, in Mys Kamenny it is 50.

A. True B. False

  1. The region has 48 thousand rivers.

A. True B. False

  1. Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Region is situated in the extreme north of the largest in the world East-European lowland.

A. True B. False

  1. According to hydrologists' research the region has over 200 lakes.



Task 6

Read the text and give the short answer.

The world sensation



The mammoth’s baby was found by Yamalsky reindeer breeder Yuri Khudy in May, 2006. It is 50 kilograms in weight and its height is less than one meter. For researching the place where the mammoths baby was found it was organized the expedition of Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Region’s museum of Exhibition complex. The mammoth’s baby was named Luba in honor to the reindeer breeder’s wife. Luba was about four months when it was perished.

The scientists remember the local native population with the gratitude and pride those people who found the future world scientific sensation. When they discovered that unique find they didn’t try to make their personal profit but they reported about the mammoth’s baby to Yamal museum in Yar Sale.

The scientific expedition in April 2007 found out that the place where Luba was found was not her first natural grave. The scientists found out ice capsule on the river’s precipice Uribey where was as in fridge probably the mammoth’s baby “had slept” thousands years.

Luba have just visited Japan. In Tokyo the Japanese scientists made the detailed analysis and scanned the mammoth’s body. The researchers find out that the mammoth’s intestines: heart and lungs and stomach had survived very well in spite of 37 thousand years. They revealed that the body of mammoth has nothing dangerous microbes and microorganisms for human beings.

In summer the mammoths fed on vegetative food. They made stocks for winter laid in mineral substances. They felt them as camel in humps. According to numerous researching of scientists they permitted to make conclusion that Luba had perished tragically. Luba drowned.

Russian scientists lay stress on that Luba’s stay in Japan was very important and serious stage in your “contemporary life”. The next stage for Luba’s researching will take place in St Petersburg.

The scientists say that Luba is not the biggest enigma for them but that epoch and climate where it had lived. And the researchers believe that Luba will help to understand the reasons had become extinct the mammoths and the climate alteration in the past and then the science will be able to do prognosis similar change in future.

  1. Who was found the mammoths baby?____________________________

  2. When it was found?__________________

  3. In what honor was the mammoth’s baby named to?__________________

  4. What is it in weight ?___________________

  5. Where had Luba slept thousands years?_________________________

  6. What kind of food the mammoths feed?_________________________

Task 7

Read the text and give the short answer.

Reindeer breeding


The Russian herd of domesticated reindeer grazes in Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Region. It numbers over 500 thousand reindeer.

Part of the reindeer industry produce is being sold in the breeding areas. Yet the reindeer is a universally productive animal. It is a source of top quality meat, fur, chamois, and medications for the treatment of some diseases.

Some companies established on the basis of former collective and state farms have installed imported production lines that allow achieving maximum utilization of reindeer meat for production of foodstuffs and endocrinology products. Specialists are working on technologies to produce medications out of young reindeer horns, new contracts have been signed for fur and leather production.

The leadership of Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Region is paying serious attention to the solutions in the area of the agricultural sector of the region's economy. First of all agriculture means reindeer breeding, fishery, and some other trades which are all inherent to the local native population. For Nentsy, Khanty, Komy, Selkupy all these occupations comprise the basis of their worldview, culture, life style and existence.

According to the specialists' evaluation, both politics and economists think that the leadership of Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Region was managed to preserve the traditional life style of the native population, in the process of transition to the market economy. The native population has retained its economic niche and its cultural traditions, its ethnic uniqueness.


    1. How many reindeer does Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Region number?_________________

    2. What value does the reindeer have for native population? ______________

    3. What serious attention does the leadership of Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Region pay to?____________________________________

    4. What occupations does the local native population do?



PART 2

Use of English

Task 1.

Read the text and choose the correct number (A-D) to fill in the gap.

Sightseeing in Salekhard

It is (1)………… visiting I.S.Shemanovsky Yamalo-Nenets Area Museum Exhibition Centre. The museum history goes back to “Storehouse of Collections (2)….. Ethnography of Foreigners of the Tobolsk North” (3)………. On the initiative of the Orthodox missionary Ivan Semenovich Shemanovsky (Abbot Irenarchus) in 1906.

In the vicinities of Salekhard there are several monuments (4)…………have become the city’s symbols emphasizing the uniqueness of its geographical ";background: #f8f8f8; line-height: 115%"> Among diverse sights of Salekhard there is Obdorsky stockade town, a wooden church, ancient merchant buildings, an obelisk to soldiers perished in the Great Patriotic War, bronze figures of Cossacks-trailblazers, the unique Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral (1894) (6)………without piles in the conditions of permafrost, etc.

The automobile bridge Fakel (Torch) over River Shaitanka can also be called one (7)…………. The sights of Salekhard – this magnificent bridge reminding of a flaring torch is the symbol of the major gas capital city of Russia and has no analogues in the world.

In the area of Salekhard there is the well-known Ust-Polujsky site of ancient settlement, which appeared (8)…….. two thousand years ago, and is one of the oldest and most well-known monuments in world archeology.

One of the cultural attractions of Salekhard (9)…… the International Ice Sculptures Festival Polar Rhapsody.




  1. A-therefore B-worth C- like D —

  2. A-in B-on C-to D-into

  3. A-created B-made C-did D-put

  4. A-who B-which C-that D-what

  5. A-at B-in front of C-near D-in

  6. A- built B-rebuilt C-did D-constructed

  7. A-to B-off C-of D-at

  8. A-more than B-and C-rather than D —

  9. A-are B-is C-be D-was



Task 2


Choose the correct item.


  1. If I made “a new panitsa”, I ………. on “ Reindeer’s day”.

    1. A will go B would go C went

  2. ……… we reached Yar-Sale, the holiday “Raven’s day” had started.

    1. A As soon as B until C By the time

  3. It was kind of her ……… me translate the text from nenets language.

    1. A help B helping C to help

  4. He ………. to help Kristina with her project.

    1. A refused B denied C complained

  5. Deer ……. very beautiful.

    1. A are B is C am

  6. He ………. tired. He has been herding reindeer the all day.

    1. A must B mustn’t C can’t

  7. She finished ……… “panitsa” yesterday.

    1. A to make B make C made

  8. She enjoys going to …… tundra.

    1. A a B - C the

  9. My…. brother lives in “chum” near Salemal.

    1. A elder B older C old

  10. Edeiko spent the afternoon ….. with his a little deer.

    1. A play B playing C to play



Task 3


For questions 1-18, read the text and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct and some have a word that shouldn’t be there. If a line is correct, put a tick (√) in the appropriate box on your answer sheet. If a line has a word which should not be there, write the word down in the appropriate box on your answer sheet


Salekhard


1 Salekhard is a Russian city, the administrative center of the Yamalo-Nenetsky

2 Autonomous Area. Salekhard, former Obdorsk, was founded by the Russian

3 Cossacks in 1595, in times of the Ivan the Terrible. Salekhard is the center of

4 Russian State system in the Far North of the Western Siberia. The Russian

5 Federation state authorities and regional administrative offices are situated in the 6 city. Salekhard is the historical and cultural center of the autonomous region. The 7city is proud of its regional center of national his cultures, regional museum of

8 local lore named after I. Shemanovski, Russian educator of the early 20th century 9 who was founded a school for native children in Obdorsk as well as a museum

10 and a library. The museum has extensive material on the history of exploration of 11 the Ob’s river the northern territories.The region’s oldest educational 12establishments are also situated in Salekhard: Teachers’ Training College was

13 named after A. Zverev, interregional School of Culture and Arts named after L.

14 Laptsuy (native Nentsy 14poet), Medical College, Zoological and Veterinarian 15Technical School, etc.It is the only city in the world that it is situated in the Polar 16 Circle. Salekhard is the major transport junction in the polar area. It maintains 17 water and air links to the towns and villages of the region, as well as to

18 Moscow, Tyumen, Omsk, Tobolsk, Ekaterinburg, Surgut, Khanty-Mansiisk, etc.





































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