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Методическая разработка открытого занятия
по дисциплине «Иностранный язык»
по теме «British traditions and customs»
Разработал преподаватель: Сейфулина В.С.
Тема: “British Traditions and Customs”
Цель: знакомство с традициями и обычаями Великобритании на основе текста с лингвострановедческой информацией; воспитание уважения к культуре Великобритании; осуществление иноязычной речевой деятельности; развитие умений и навыков по аудированию, говорению, чтению.
расширить лексический запас слов;
расширить и углубить культурологические знания студентов;
совершенствовать лексические навыки;
повысить общую культуру общения.
формировать интерес к традициям и обычаям англоговорящей страны;
развивать навыки языковой догадки, языковой реакции;
развивать память и внимание;
расширять кругозор студентов;
развивать самостоятельность мышления;
развивать интеллектуальные способности студентов.
формировать уважительное отношение к языку;
формировать умение активно и плодотворно работать в коллективе.
Оборудование урока: доска, компьютер с материалами для аудирования, раздаточный материал
Организационный момент (приветствие, постановка цели занятия)
Good afternoon, my friends! Good afternoon, our guests! Today we’ll know a lot of new information about Great Britain, about its traditions and customs. I hope you will be polite and friendly, helpful and kind.
How many countries are there in the UK?
Name the parts of Great Britain .
What is the capital of Scotland?
What is the capital of England?
What is the capital of Wales?
What is the capital of Northern Ireland?
What is the symbol of England?
The President of GB is elected for…. (how many years?)
What is the name of the Queen of the UK ? (Elizabeth I, Victoria, Elizabeth II)
The British flag is often called ….
What is the official language of the United Kingdom?
There are 4 countries in the UK.
England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland
There is no President in GB
Активизация использования лексики
Read the vocabulary of our topic “Traditions and customs of Great Britain”
Customs – обычаи
to decorate – украшать
Tradition – традиция
Christmas Eve – сочельник
Generation – поколение
Trafalgar Square – Трафальгарская площадь
Substantial – существенный
Christmas cards – рождественские открытки
Refreshment - закуска
The Easter – Пасха
Treat – угощение
Bunny – зайчик
Pancake – блин
to lit - зажигать
Shrove – масленица
Effigies – чучела
Lent – Великий пост
trick-or-treating - проделка или угощение
Contestant – участник
Witch – ведьма
To flip – подбрасывать
Lantern – фонарь
Bonfire – костер
Ghosts – привидения
Christmas tree – ёлка
Pumpkin – тыква
3.2 Отработка и закрепление лексики по теме “Traditions and customs of Great Britain”
Read the text and translate
So many countries, so many customs, as English proverb says. The combination of the words tradition and custom means a usual manner of doing something, of conduct passed on from generation to generation. Some British customs and traditions are famous all over the world. From Scotland to Cornwall, Britain is full of them. A lot of them have very long history. Some are funny and some are strange. But they're all interesting.
The full English breakfast The tradition of having a substantial breakfast meal has existed since the 18th century. The full English breakfast became very popular after the World War I, in those days it was served at the hotels and restaurants all over the country. The full breakfast usually consists of sausages, bacon and eggs, served with toasts, fried or grilled tomatoes, baked beans and fried mushrooms. It is often eaten with a light dessert and a cup of tea, coffee or fruit juice.
Afternoon tea One of the most well-known English traditions is afternoon tea – light refreshments, including tea, traditionally served around 5 p. m. English people often drink tea with milk; they may or may not add sugar. Tea is usually taken along with sandwiches, crumpets, scones, cakes, jam and marmalade. Traditional tea treats also include puddings, muffins and biscuits.
Pancake Day Pancake Day or Shrove Tuesday is held in February or March. It is the day, preceding the first day of the 40 days long Lent. It has been celebrated in Britain for centuries. People traditionally eat a lot of pancakes on Shrove Tuesday. On Pancake Day children go from house to house asking for a pancake. “Pancake races” are held all over the Britain. Contestants have to race with frying pans flipping pancakes in the air.
Guy Fawkes Night The Guy Fawkes Night is a traditional celebration which is held on 5th November. All over the country people build bonfires in their gardens. On top of each bonfire is a guy. That's a figure of Guy Fawkes. People make guys with straw, old clothes and newspapers. On November 5th 1605, Guy Fawkes tried to kill King James I. He and a group of his friends put a bomb under the Houses of Parliament in London. But the King's men found the bomb and they found Guy Fawkes, too. They took him to the Tower of London and there the King's men cut off his head.
Every year the people of Norway give the city of London a present… It's a big Christmas tree and it stands in Trafalgar Square. In 1846 the first Christmas cards began in Britain. Queen Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, brought this German tradition (he was German) to Britain. He and the Queen had a Christmas tree at Windsor Castle in 1841. A few years after, nearly every house in Britain had one. Traditionally people decorate their trees on Christmas Eve - that's December 24th. They take down the decorations twelve days later, on Twelfth Night (January 5th). British children get their presents from the socks that hang near their beds. Santa Clause climbs down the chimney and leaves lots of presents. In Britain the most important meal on December 25th is Christmas dinner. A twentieth-century British Christmas dinner is roast turkey with carrots, potatoes, peas, Brussels sprouts and gravy. There are sausages and bacon too. Then, after the turkey, there's Christmas pudding.
Выполнение после текстовых заданий
1.Find in the text English equivalents for these words and word combinations
От поколения к поколению, знамениты во всем мире, веселый, странный, интересный, традиция, завтрак, по всей стране, Первая мировая война, грибы, легкие закуски, традиционные угощения к чаю, 40-дневный Великий пост, ходить от дома к дому, сковорода, подбрасывать блины, мастерить костер, заложить бомбу, Парламент, большая ёлка, убрать украшения, спускаться по дымоходу, жареная индейка, морковь.
2. Quote the sentences in which these word combinations are used in the text
British customs, a substantial breakfast, usually consists of, a light dessert, traditionally served, with milk, of the 40 days, with frying pans, on 5th November, bonfires, to the Tower of London, German tradition, get their presents, the most important meal.
Listen to the dialogues and fill in the gaps with the words from the box.
Pumpkins, trick-or-treating, Christmas tree, ghosts, Christmas, witches, Hallowe’en, presents (2), funny, goblins, decorated, lanterns
Hi, Ann! Haven’t seen you for ages! Where have you been?
Oh, I was at my relatives’.
We celebrated …… 1. It was wonderful!
We ….. 2 the house and the ……3 . I love this tradition. I bought ……4 for my relatives and I got a lot of nice …..5 .
You’re lucky. Did you go out anywhere?
Yes, we also visited some of their friends.
Do you plan to go there next ….6 ?
Yes, I’d love to.
Hello, Nadia! What are your plans for October 31st?
Hi, Pete! Don’t you know we are celebrating ….. 1? It’s an old English tradition and we also like it.
Yes, I heard something about it, but I never took part in it. Could you tell me about it?
Sure! Listen. On that day many homes are decorated and lit by .….2 made from ….3 that have been hollowed out.
Really? That’s interesting. Go on, please.
We dress up as …..4, ……5 and ……6 and go ……7 to neighbours.
Well, it’s an old tradition. Besides, it’s rather …8 .
1) Christmas, 2) decorated, 3) Christmas tree, 4) presents, 5) presents, 6) Christmas)
1) Hallowe’en, 2) lanterns, 3) pumpkons, 4) goblins, 5) ghosts, 6) witches, 7) trick-or-treating, 8) funny)
Обобщение знаний по теме “Traditions and customs of Great Britain”
Find 10 hidden words
Подведение итогов. Выставление оценок.
“Activity is the only road to knowledge” said George Bernard Shaw and I think that today we had a very interesting and useful lesson. Thank you very much. Your marks are the following…..
Well, your home task is to write a letter for your English-speaking pen-friend about Russian traditions and customs. Now, the lesson is over, goodbye.